Welcome to our presentation about IBM. IBM means International Business Machines
Corporation. We want to tell something about this company. Now, we want to show
the index of this presentation.
At first, we want to introduce the company IBM and give important facts.
Then we will introduce IBM in general.
We also want to say something to the history, of course.
At last thing, we want to say something about the current projects of IBM.
Now, we want to give some important facts.
IBM was founded at New York, United States in 1896.
The founder was Herman Hollerith. Here is a picture of him.
He was a German-American statistician who developed a mechanical tabulator based
on punched cards in order to rapidly tabulate statistics from millions of pieces of
data. He was the founder of the company that became IBM.
The Headquarter of IBM is in Armonk, New York.
Here you can see the entrance in Armonk.
IBM has 398,455 employees. This is a number from 2009.
But what do IBM? In the industry, IBM is prepared and offered the following:
Computer hardware, Computer software, Consultant, IT service management
And now, we want to give a general summary of the data. General information.
International Business Machines Corporation, abbreviated IBM, is a multinational
computer technology and IT consulting corporation headquartered in Armonk, Town
of North Castle, New York, United States. The company is one of the few information
technology companies with a continuous history dating back to the 19th century. IBM
manufactures and sells computer hardware and software (with a focus on the latter),
and offers infrastructure services, hosting services, and consulting services in areas
ranging from mainframe computers to nanotechnology. It has been nicknamed "Big
Blue" for its official corporate color.
IBM has been well known through most of its recent history as the world's largest
computer company and systems integrator. With over 398,455 employees worldwide,
IBM is the largest and most profitable information technology employer in the world.
IBM holds more patents than any other U.S. based technology company and has
eight research laboratories worldwide. The company has scientists, engineers,
consultants, and sales professionals in over 170 countries. IBM employees have
earned five Nobel Prizes, four Turing Awards, nine National Medals of Technology,
and five National Medals of Science. As a chip maker, IBM has been among the
Worldwide Top 20 Semiconductor Sales Leaders in past years.
And now, we come to the history.
We can’t speak about the whole story but we want to show some key events and
important facts and pictures.
1890 - PUNCH CARDS - The U.S. Census Bureau contracts to use Herman
Hollerith’s punch card tabulating technology on the 1890 census, reducing a 10-year
process to two years and saving the government $5 million. Hollerith’s punch cards
become the tabulating industry standard for input for the next 70 years. Hollerith’s
Tabulating Machine Company is later merged into what becomes IBM.
1923 – IBM GERMANY – IBM acquires majority ownership of the German
tabulating firm Deutsche Hollerith Maschinen Groupe.
1945 - IBM'S FIRST RESEARCH LAB - IBM's first research facility, the Watson
Scientific Computing Laboratory, opens in a renovated fraternity house near
Columbia University in Manhattan. In 1961, IBM moves its research headquarters to
the T.J. Watson Research Center in Yorktown Heights, New York.
1953 – IBM 650 - IBM announces the IBM 650 Magnetic Drum Calculator, an
intermediate size electronic computer, to handle widely diversified accounting and
scientific computations. A hit with both universities and businesses, nearly 2,000 of
the 650 are sold by 1962, making it the most popular computer of the 1950s – the
“Model T” of computing.
1969 – MAGNETIC STRIPE CARDS – The American National Standards Instittute
makes the IBM-developed magnetic stripe technology a national standard, jump
starting the credit card industry. Two years later, the International Organization for
Standardization adopts the IBM design, making it a world standard.
1971 – FLOPPY DISK - IBM introduces the floppy disk. Convenient and highly
portable, the floppy becomes a personal computer industry standard for storing data.
1992 - THINKPAD - IBM introduces a new line of notebook computers. Housed in a
distinctive black case and featuring the innovative TrackPoint device nestled in the
middle of the keyboard, the ThinkPad is an immediate hit and goes on to collect
more than 300 awards for design and quality.
2008 - GREEN POWER - IBM opens its "greenest" data center in Boulder,
Colorado. The energy efficient facility is part of a $350 million investment by IBM in
Boulder to help meet customer demand for reducing energy costs. The new data
center features leading-edge technologies and services, including high density
computing systems with virtualization technology. Green Power centers allow IBM
and its customers to cut their carbon footprint.
At last, we want to speak about current projects of IBM.
developerWorks is a website run by IBM for software developers and IT
professionals. It contains a small number of how-to articles and tutorials, as well as
software downloads and code samples, discussion forums, podcasts, blogs, wikis,
and other resources for developers and technical professionals.
design and manufacturing
Virtually all console gaming systems of the latest generation use microprocessors
developed by IBM. The Xbox 360 contains the PowerPC tri-core processor, which was
designed and produced by IBM in less than 24 months. Sony's PlayStation 3 features
the Cell BE microprocessor designed jointly by IBM, Toshiba, and Sony. Nintendo's
seventh-generation console, Wii, features an IBM chip codenamed Broadway. The
older Nintendo GameCube utilizes the Gekko processor, also designed by IBM.
This was our presentation about IBM.
Thank you for your attention.