Taft Robotics Timeline 3500 BC Greek Mythology Hephaestus and Pygmalion(living mechanical bird). 1400BC Babylonians develop a water clock called clepsydra. 420BC Archytas of Tarentum constructs wooden steam pigeon. 200BC Chinese artisan develop automata ( orchestra ). 725 AD Chinese engineer and monk build first true mechanical clock. 1495 AD Divinci built first humanoid robot ( the armored knight ). 1525 AD First android report to have been built by Hans Bullmann ( female lute player. 1725 AD The word android is coined by German philosopher and alchemist Albertus Magnus. 1738 AD Jacques Vauscanson builds three automata one that plays the flute, the second played the flute and drum, and the duck digested food. 1773 AD Pierre Jacquet- Droz creates first automata that can write. 1801 AD Joseph Jacquard builds an automated loom that is controlled with punch cards. 1818 AD Mary Shelly writes Frankenstein. 1822 AD Charles Babbage demonstrates his “ Difference Engine” considered to be the Father of Computers. 1890 AD Nikolia Tesla creates the first remote controlled vehicles. 1898 AD Nikolia Tesla built and demonstrates remote controlled robot boat. 1921 AD The word robot is used in a play called R.U.R.( Rossum’s Universal Robots) written by Karel Capek. 1926 AD Fritz Lang movie Metropolis is released (female robot Maria). 1936 AD Alan Turing introduces concept of the Turing Machine (beginning of modern computing). 1940 AD Isaac Asimov wrote a series of short stories about robots 1942 AD Isaac Asimov creates the three laws of robotics 1. a robot may not injure a human being, or , inaction allow a human being to come to harm. 2. A robot must obey the orders given it by human beings as long as they do not conflict with the Fist Law. 3. A robot must protect its own existence. 0. A robot may not injure humanity or through inaction allow humanity to come to harm. 1950 AD Alan Turing come up with the Turing Test to determine whether or not a machine can gain the power to think for it self. 1954 AD George Devol and Joe Engleberger design the first programmable robot arm. 1956 AD George Devol and Joe Engleberger form the world’s first robotic company. 1956 AD The term artificial Intelligence is coined. 1962 AD The first industrial arm robot is created. 1968 AD Stanley Kubrick makes Arthur Clark’s, 2001: A Space Odyssey. 1970 AD Shakey the first mobile robot control built by SRI. 1970 AD Stanford produces the Stanford Cart designed to be a line follower . 1976 AD Robot arms are used on Viking 1 and Viking 2 space probes. 1977 AD Star Wars is released by George Lucas introduced C-3PO and R2-D2. 1982 AD Blade Runner is released by Ridley Scott base on Philip Dick book “Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep”. . 1989 AD Genghis is unveiled by MIT Genghis is a walking robot. 1992 AD Dr. John Adler comes up with concept of the CyberKnife a robot that images a patient. 1993 AD Dante and eight legged walking robot is developed by Carnegie Melon University ( Mt Erebus Antarctica, broke when dropped 20 feet.) 1996 AD RoboTuna designed by David Barrett of MIT. 1996 AD Honda unveils P-2 a humanoid robot that can walk, climb stairs, and carry a load. 1997 AD The first node of the International Space Station is placed into orbit. 1997 AD Pathfinder Mission land on Mars. Robotic rover Sojourner take samples of Martian Soil and is still relaying information back to this date. 1998 AD Furby is introduced to toy market by Tiger Electronics. 1988 AD Lego creates Mindstorm robotic kits. 1988 AD Campbell Aird received first robotic arm. 1999 AD Sony build Aibo K9 for the next generation first robot for the consumer market. 2000 AD Honda debut ASIMO next generation of its series of humanoid robots. 2001 AD International Space Station Robot Arm is successfully launched into obit. 2005 AD Cornell University claim they built the first self-replicating robot. 2005 AD DARPA issues the GRAND CHALLENGE “create a completely autonomous robot to transverse the desert in ten hours ??????? ….?????
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