Learn English Grammar: Change The Voice

Document Sample
Learn English Grammar: Change The Voice Powered By Docstoc
					 Read the following sentences & compare it
A) Suman respects the teacher.
B) The teacher is respected by Suman.
  You may understand that these two sentences convey
   same meaning but the form or structure of these
   sentences is different.
2)   In the sentence ‘SUMAN RESPECTS THE TEACHER’
     verb is-------------------



3)    In the sentence ‘THE TEACHER IS RESPECTED
     BY SUMAN’ verb is-------------------
   4) THE BOY KICKS THE FOOT BALL. In this
                                        KICKS
    sentence the verb of a sentence is ----------

     5) THE BOY FALLS ASLEEP. In this sentence the
                          FALLS
    verb of a sentence is ----------
6) In the sentence, ‘THE BOY KICKS THE FOOT
  BALL’, the action of kicking is passes over from the
  BOY to the ----------.
 The verb kicks known as a TRANSITIVE VERB.
7) Read the following sentences
 She GAVE money to the charity.
 The truck DEMOLISHED the restaurant.
These CAPITALISED verbs are the examples of Transitive
  verb.
Transitive means passing over.
 The whole state ELECTS the governor.
 Father was always LOSING his keys.
These CAPITALISED verbs are the examples of Transitive
  verb. Transitive means passing over.
8. Choose the correct alternative
 ‘The baby falls asleep’ in this sentence verb ‘falls’ is -
  -----------------------------
   Intransitive verb
(Transitive verb /Intransitive verb)
         it is intransitive verb
    9) Yes,
    because the action is not passing
    over to any object.
10) Read the following examples
A) Monika            until sunrise.
B) Solomon         on Friday.
C) Latika’s father a well-known farmer.
D) It           across the state.
All these Italics verbs are Intransitive
 verb.
    11) Hence,we may say that the verb that
   denotes an action which passes over from
   the Doer or Subject to an Object is known
   as a ------------ verb and the verb that
         TRANSITIVE
   denotes an action but which do not passes
   from Subject to an Object is known as a --
   ------------ verb.
INTRANSITIVE
   12) Read the following sentences & write whether
    the verb is Transitive or Intransitive
                                         Intransitive,
    ◦ The sun shines brightly. -----------------------------------
                                              Intransitive,
    ◦ The clock stopped this morning.----------------------

                                                  Transitive,
    ◦ Vinay wrote a letter to her friend.----------------------
                                              Transitive
    ◦ My husband gave me a gift. T----------------------------
  Well, now you understand what Transitive &Intransitive
13)
 verbs are. Let us examine the following sentences: Now mark
 the Subject, Object & Verb in the following sentences
a)Bhavika             draws             a picture.


           Subject,       Verb,             Object


      b) A picture    is drawn     by          Bhavika.
       Subject,
                                                     Object
                                                active
12) In the above frame, sentence ‘a’ is in ---------------

   voice and sentence ‘b’ is in -------------     voice.
                                   Passive
13) Mark the Subject, Object & Verb in the following
 sentences:
a) Lata       sings          a song


Subject         Verb            ,   Object
                ,
Mark the Subject, Object & Verb
in the following sentences:

b) A song     is sung     by       Lata.


  Subject,      Verb              Object
14)
                                           active
      Sentence ‘Lata sings a song’ is in -------------- voice

because in this sentence subject (Lata) is the doer of an
   action.
                                              passive
15) Sentence ‘A song is sung by Lata’ is in ---------------
 voice because in this sentence subject (Lata ) is the
 receiver of an action.
   16) Carefully read the following sentences & write
    1) subject and also write

   2) whether the subject is doer of an action or
    receiver of an action

   3) and also mark whether the sentence is in active
    voice or in passive voice.
a) The Geetanjali was written by Tagore.
 In this sentence subject is ----------------.
                                  Geetanjali
 It is receiver / doer of an action. So the sentence is in

   Passive       voice.

    b) Columbus discovered America.
   In this sentence subject is ----------------.
                                 Columbus

    It is receiver / doer of an action. So the sentence is in -
    ----------------- voice.
    Active
c) Man makes machine.
                               Man
In this sentence subject is --------------.
It is receiver / doer of an action.
So the sentence is in -------------- voice.
                         Active

   d) The steam engine was invented by Watt.
In this sentence subject is -------------------.
                             The steam engine
It is receiver / doer of an action. So the sentence is in ----
   ----------- voice.
  passive
18) Read the following sentences and write subject,
  verb & object of it.
  a) Rama killed Ravana.         SUBJECT
 In this, sentence Rama    S--------------
                    killed        VERB
                            V--------------
                   Ravana O-------------
                                  OBJECT
b) The cat killed the mouse.
In this, sentence -    Subject -           The cat
                           Verb
                                       -     killed
                          Object –
c) I see a dark cloud                      the mouse
 In this, sentence -       Subject -   I
                             Verb -
                                        see
                           Object –
                                       a dark cloud
d) The boy made a beautiful kite.
In this, sentence -      Subject -     The boy
                           Verb -      made
                          Object -     a beautiful kite
e) Mr. Kabara teaches us grammar.
 In this, sentence -    Subject -      Mr. Kabara
                            Verb -     teaches
                           Object      us grammar
19) Now examine the following sentences.
The peon      ring         the bell.
     1         2                3



 The bell       is rung      by       the peon
   3               2                    1
                           ACTIVE
 The sentence first is in          voice and the sentence
  second is in PASSIVE voice.
   20) You observe that the subject of the active voice
    become O_______ of the passive voice.
              OBJECT


   21) You also observe that the object of the active voice
    became S_______of the passive voice, and----------- is
             SUBJECT                              by
    use before the object of passive voice.

22) Let us examine following sentences & complete the
  next sentences.
a) ‘Radha paints a picture.’ (Active voice)
________
   A picture                   __________.
              is painted by Radha

b) Bhavika plays chess.
 __________is played by _____________.
   Chess.                   Bhavika

c) Gunjan wants a new game.
 _________
    A new game     is wanted ____________
                               Gunjan
24) Hence, we conclude that while changing active
 voice into passive voice, the object of the active voice
 became----------------of the passive voice and subject
 of the active voice became--------------of the passive
 voice followed by the conjunction by.
25) Let us examine the following sentence
(a) She reads a grammar book.
  A grammar book is read by her.
 In this sentence, subject ‘She’ is pronoun.
  While changing active voice sentence into
  passive voice it became object of the passive
  sentence. However, some changes occur in it.
  ‘She’ became ‘her’.
26) It means subjective case pronoun changed into
 pronoun of objective case. .
The following table shows these changes in pronoun.


  Sr. No.   SUBJECTIVE CASE   OBJECTIVE CASE
  1         I                 ME
  2         YOU               YOU
  3         HE                HIM
  4         SHE               HER
  5         WE                US
  6         THEY              THEM
  7         IT                IT
26) Carefully   read the following sentences and fill in the blanks with appropriate
  pronoun.


1) He teaches us English.
                                him
________ are taught English by _______.
 WE


2) I help him.
                 by ___________.
  He is helped _____ me
___


3) They beat him.
                    by them
_____ was beaten ____ ________.
 He
4) She did not care me.
_______ was not cared____ by her
     I                     ________.


                  5) He was laughed by them.
                      ____________ laughed at _______________.
                                                   him
                          They                                (





     Hence, we can conclude that while
    changing sentences from active voice
      to passive voice form the form of
     pronoun changed from subjective
           case to objective case.
27) Examine the following sentences.
1) Your Uncle teaches us English
 In this sentence subject is: ________
                               Your Uncle

and objects are two (1) ____________
                          us

                    (2) __________
                          English

28) We can transform this sentence into passive voice
  in two ways.
1) English is taught to us by your uncle.

2) We are taught English by your uncle.
29) Indirect objects are always in
the form of possessive pronoun.
Such as me, you, him, us. It is
preferable to use Indirect object
as the subject of the passive
voice. Direct objects are usually
inanimate things such as – Pen,
book, gift, etc.
30) Read the following sentences and fill in the blanks with
  appropriate words
1) My father gave me a beautiful present.
 In this sentence, there are 2 objects.
           me
Direct _________Indirect____________
                              a beautiful present
 Transform this sentence into passive form.
 _______ was given a b_____ present
     I               beautiful              by        My

    father
Second way
A b_________ p_________was given me by ______ _
     beautiful present                   my father
32). Transform following sentences into passive form.
 He gave me a master key
      _____ _____ was given to _____by_________.
a) __A master key                  me         him

                   master key
b) ___was given a _____ ____ by _____
   I                             him


  My mother gave me a gold necklace.
                                        my mother
1) _____ ______ __was given to _____by _____
    A gold necklace             me

      was given a gold necklace by my mother
2) I _______ ___________ _____________
31) Let us examine following sentence.
My grandmother will tell her a story.
 This sentence has two objects:
 Indirect object is ___________
                       her
 Direct object is_____________
                    a story.

32) Passive form of this sentence is:
                                      My ____.
____ _____ will be told to _____ by_____ grandmother
A story                     her

She_________________________________
     will be told a story by my grandmother
33) From above examples, we can conclude that,
when active voice has two objects we can transform it
into passive voice by two ways, by using Direct object
and by using Indirect object.
   35) Examine the following sentences.
   a) Pallavi writes a letter.
      A letter is written by Pallavi.
   b) Pallavi writes letters.
   Letters ARE WRITTEN by Pallavi.
   Tense of Both active voice sentences is --------- present
                                               Simple
36) What changes do you observe while changing above
  active voice sentence into passive voice?
 a) Active voice verb ‘writes’ has been changed into its
  third form or past participle ____________
                                 written

     b) To be verb ____ OR _______used before past
                   is
    participle.
                            are

     c) In second sentence to be verb- ‘are’ used, can you
    answer why?
   __________________ (letters) is in plural form
     Because the subject
 37) Examine the following sentences.
1) He teaches me.                I am taught by him.
2) He does not teach me         I am not taught by him.


                                              Simple present
    Tense of these active voice sentences is _________ _

   The Verb ‘teaches’ changed into _________________
                                      taught

   It is a third form or past participle of teach. Moreover,
    according to the subject the appropriate form of to be
    verb should select.
   38) Thus, we can conclude that while changing an
    active voice sentence of simple present tense into
    passive voice, the main verb changed into its
    __________form or P____ P_____ _ form &
    third                 past   participal


    ‘to be verb’ (is/am/are) is placed before it. ’To be
     verb’ is changed according to the subject of passive
     voice. For example ( I = am)        (she = is )
    (They = are )         (he =is)
39) Transform following sentences into passive voice.
a) I write a letter.
 A letter is written by me.
b) I do not write a letter.
   A letter is not written by me.
c) Mother cooks breakfast.
 Breakfast is cooked by mother.
d) Amit plays a game of badminton.
 A game of badminton is played by Amit.
e) The sun gives us heat & light.
   Heat & light is given us by the Sun.

                          OR
  We are given heat & light by the sun.
f) A magnet attracts Iron.
  Iron is attracted by a magnet.
g) A monkey eats bananas.
  Bananas are eaten by a monkey.
   40) Hence, we conclude that, while changing an
    active voice sentence of simple present tense or
    present indefinite tense into passive form, the
    structure of passive sentence is
    S____ + to_______+ P________ P_______ of main
    verb.


     Subject + to be + Past participle
41) Examine the following sentences carefully:
I wrote a letter.          A letter was written by me.
 I wrote letters.       Letters were written by me.

Tense of these active voice sentences is ----------. past
                                             simple

Therefore ‘to be verb’ ____ & _____are used before
                        was   were
past participle of main verb.
 42) Let us examine another sentence.
 1) I posted these letters yesterday.
 These letters (was/were) Posted Yesterday by me.      were

 2) She spoke English fluently.
  English (was/were) s__________ fluently by her.
                      spoken
 3) Mother backed a cake for the birthday party.
    A cake (was /were) b_________ for the Birthday party by -------------
                 was, backed
  4) My friend brought present for me.
  __________(was/were) ___________ for me by _____________ ____
Present        was          brought,                     my friend

 5) Columbus discovered America in 1942.
 ___________ _________ ___________ ________ _______________
   America was discovered in 1942 by Columbus
43) Therefore, we conclude that while changing an
 active voice sentence of simple past Tense into
 passive form the structure of passive form is
 ____________
  Subject + was/were + P.P of main verb
44) Let us solve following examples.
1) His teacher praised him.
 He was praised by his teacher.
2) A police officer caught the thief.
  The thief was caught by a police officer.
3) Mahesh threw the ball.
  The ball was thrown by Mahesh.
 4) Sachin scored ninety runs.
   Ninety runs were scored by Sachin
5) He made a very remarkable discovery.
  A very remarkable discovery was made by him
   45) Let us examine following sentences.
   My father will write a letter.
   A letter will be written by my father.

   The tense of the active voice sentence is--------
                                                  Simple future

   While changing this sentence into passive form _________ is
                                                     be
    added to the ‘will’.
    46) We shall buy a car next year.
    A car shall be bought by us next year.

   Active voice verb ‘Shall buy’ becomes ______
    _________ ________
    shall be bought
   47) Therefore, we can say that when the sentence is
    in simple future tense, _______ is used with will and
                             be
    shall in passive form.
48) Let us solve the following example:
    1) The boys will play the cricket.
The Cricket ______ ________ _________ by the boys
             will be played

 2) My mother will prepare a sweet dish
                                       my mother
A Sweet dish ________ _________by ___________ __
              will be prepared

 3) I shall pass NTS exam.
             will be _________ by ________
NTS exam ___ ____ passed            me
   49) Therefore by observing above sentences we can say
    that form of passive sentence in simple future is
    ___________ + will/ shall + ___________
    +____________

Subject + be+ will/ shall+ Past participle of
main verb
50) Solve the following examples.
 1) The manager will give you a ticket.
You will be given a ticket by the manager
 2) Bhavika will finish the work in a week.
The work will be finished by Bhavika in a week

 3) The People will make him a king.
He -------------- a king by the people
   will be made
51) Let us examine the following sentences.
The Hawker is selling the newspapers
The girl is climbing the cliff.
Tense of above sentences is _______________
                                present continuous
52) Transform above sentences into passive voice.
   1) The hawker is selling the newspaper.
    The newspaper is being sold by the hawker.
  2) The girl is climbing the cliff.
    The cliff is being climbed by the girl
     What do you observe?
1) The active voice verb is selling changed into __being sold
                                                  is


  2) The active voice verb ‘is climbing’ changed into
                             is being climbed
53) Examine the active & passive form of the present
 continuous tense.
  1) I am writing a note.
   A note is being written by me.
 2) Children are playing football.
                               children
Football is being ________by _________
                   played

    3) Girls are not playing football.
      _________ is not being played by _______
       Football                         girls

    4) A ticket checker is checking tickets at the gate.
   Tickets (is/are) ______ ________ _by _________ __
                      are being checked      a ticket checker
   at the gate
54) From above examples, we noticed that while
 changing an active voice sentence of present
 continuous tense into passive voice the word
    ‘being’      is used to show continuous action in
    passive construction .
   The structure of passive form of present continuous
    tense is:
    Is/am/are + being + ____________________
                          past participial of main verb
55) Now, solve the following examples:
 1) Butterflies are being caught by him.
He_____________________
     is catching the butterflies

 2) I am revising my courses.
   My courses are being revised by me.

3) The doctor is examining other patient.
     Other patient is being examined by the Doctor.
56) Let us read the following sentence.
    They are painting the doors.
     They were painting the doors.
 What is the difference between these two sentences?
 Ist sentence is in __________________- tense.
                      Present continuous,
 IInd sentence is in ________________- tense.
                      Past continuous
57) You have already learnt that while changing an
 active voice sentence of present continuous into
 passive voice the structure of passive voice is :
 is/am/are +________+ past participle of main
               being
 verb.
   58) Read the following sentences.
   They were painting the doors.



     The doors were being painted by them.
   Have you noticed the changes made in the passive
    sentence?
   Look at the verb form- were painting transformed into
    ______ ________ ________
     were being painted
59) Read carefully the following sentence & fill in the blanks.
(1) All of us were cheering our team.
             ____ _______ ________ by _____ ____.
 Our team was being cheered           all of us

(2) The artists were rehearsing the play.
             was being rehearsed
 The play _____ ________ ________ by the artists.


   3) The company was promoting a new product.
   A new product _____ ________ ________by ________ _______
                  was being promoted       the company
    4) The teachers were discussing the examination results.
        examination result was being discussed by _________ ___
    The e______________________                     the teachers
5) I was not laughing at any one.
 Any one ______ ________ ______ by                .
             was not being laughed  me
60) From above examples we can conclude that, the
 construction of passive sentence of past continuous
 tense is was/were + being + past participle of the
 main verb.
    61) Match the structure of the following form.
 
Group A                               Group B
                                      a. is/are/am + being + P.P of main
1) Active voice present continuous    verb

                                      b. was/were + ing form of main
2) Active voice past continuous       verb

                                      c. is/are/am + ing form of main
3) Passive voice present continuous   verb

                                      d. was/were + being +P.P. of main
4) Passive voice past continuous .    verb
62) Read the following sentence and note down the tense
  of it.
1) We have produced a number of books for children.
2) The common house sparrow has become scared in
  many areas.
The tense of these sentences are
  P_________P_________
  Present Perfect
63) Observe carefully the following sentence.
We have produced a number of books for children.
A number of books have been produced by us for
 children.
Have you noticed the changes made in the passive form?
The verb ‘have produced’ becomes ___________ ______
                                     have been produced
64) Let us observe another example.
 1) Somebody has stolen all the red roses.
 All the red roses have been stolen by ___________
                                        Somebody

2) Peon has locked all the classrooms.
All the classrooms ______ ________ _____ by __ Peon
                       have been locked                 .

3) The servant has stolen the papers
  The papers ______ ___________ __ by ________ _________
                have been stolen         the servant


4) Garima has dreamt a dream.
A dream __________ _________ ______ by ________________
                   has been dreamt             Garima
5) The captain has not saved the drowning man.
 ________ ________ ________ has not been _________ ________.
     The drowning man                        saved by the captain
   65) Thus, while changing an active voice sentence of
    present perfect tense into passive voice ___________
                                             been
    added before the main verb.
66) Match the following
1) Structure of active voice present perfect.     a) has/have + P.P



2) Structure of passive voice present perfect.   b) has/have + been + P.P.
67) Solve the following examples.
1) Scientists have conducted many experiments to find
 the answer to this question,
                   ______ ________ ____
Many experiments have been conducted to find the
 answer to this question by _______
                              scientists

2) Animal behaviour has always provided a reliable
 index of the weather.
 A reliable index of the weather has always been
_____________________________________________
 provided by animal behavior.
68) Read the following sentences carefully and mark the
 tense of it.
India had won the match
The sentence is in ___________ tense.
                    past perfect
69) Yes, this sentence is in past perfect tense. Let us
 observe the passive form of it.
1) India had won the match.
The match had been won by India.

What changes do you observe in the verb form?
The verb ‘had won’ becomes ________ won
                            had been

2) He had not played the match well.
           had not been played well by him.
The match ______________
70) Let us solve the following example.
 1) My father had already purchased the tickets.
                                 purchased
______ had already been _______ by my father
  The tickets
 2) His father had advised him not to borrow money.
He _______ advised not to borrow money by
       had been                                   his father
.

3) We had already received your letter.
Your ______ been already received by
      letter had             _______            us
  ___________.
   71) From above examples, you can understand the
    structure of past perfect tense of passive voice.


      Subject + had + been + P.P of main verb.
   72) Let us solve the following examples.

i) Your behavior has greatly astonished me.
   I have been greatly astonished by/at your behavior
                               .

ii) Wild flowers have grown all over the field.
    The field has been grown all over by wild flowers
iii) Your failure has distressed me.
     I have been distressed by your failure
73) Read the following examples and mark tense of these
 sentences.
They will have counted the votes before night.
The peon will have opened the gate
These sentences are in ___________ tense.
                        Future perfect

74) Let us observe its passive form.
 They will have counted the votes before night.
 The votes will have been counted by them before night.
 The peon will have opened the gate.
 The gate will have been opened by the peon.
 Have you noticed the changes occurred in the passive form?
 The change occurred in the verb form:
                            will have been counted
 will have counted => --------------------------


   will have opened =>----------------------------
                          will have been opened

75) It means , active voice sentence of future perfect
  tense while changing it into passive form the word
‘ been ’ is added before the P.P of main verb.
 Can you tell why? _______________________



    Because the active voice sentence is in perfect
                      tense, so
76) Read the following sentences carefully and try to
  complete it.
1) I shall have written a letter.
 A letter will _______________ by me.
                have been written

2) I shall not have taken a book
           shall not have been   me.
 A book ______________ taken by_____

3) He will have defeated his enemy
            will have been defeated
His enemy __________                        by him.
 _____________

   77) Thus, structure of active voice sentences of
    future perfect is Will/shall + have + P.P and passive
    voice structure of future perfect is _ _ _ __ / _ _ _
    __+ _ _ _ _ + _ _ _ _+ _




          will/shall + have + been + P.P
78) Let us solve the following examples
 1) The leader will have elected the king


     The king will have been elected by the leader
   2) She will have written a book.

    A book will have been written by her
   3) A Loudspeaker will not have disturbed us.

     We will not have been disturbed by a loud
     speaker
80) Students, you know that there are various types of
 sentences. These sentences have different types of
 active and passive forms. You have learnt active and
 passive form of Assertive type sentences.
 Who write this story?
This is _________ type of sentence.
81) Yes, it is Interrogative sentence. You learnt that
  Interrogative sentences are of_____ types.
                                  two
(two /four /three)
   82) Yes they are two types – ‘Yes/No’ question and
    ‘wh’ question
    ‘Yes / No’ type question always begin with-----

               Auxiliaries
                   or
              helping verb
83) It means Yes /No type questions begin with
                                could,
 auxiliaries or helping verbs such as can,
 may, might, am, is, are, was, were,
 shall, should.
   84) ‘Wh’ questions begins with _________ word such
                                      Wh,
    as __________________________
       what, who, where, which, how
 85) Examine the following sentences
   Did they solve the problem?

   Was the problem solved by them?

   Do they solve the problem?

   Is the problem solved by them?

   Does he solve the problems?

    Are the problems solved by him?
    86) ‘Did they solve the problem?’
     In this sentence, the subject is __________
                                        they
    It becomes object of the passive voice. The object of
    this sentence is_______________
                        the problem
     It becomes subject of passive voice.
    The verb of this sentence is ‘did solve’
    becomes_____________________
                     was solved
   87) In the second sentence, ‘Do they solve the
    problem?’
                                     ___
    Subject is _ _ _ _ _ it becomes _object_ of the passive
                  they
    voice.

                  ____
     Object is _ _the problem    it becomes _ _ _ _ _
                                            subject      of
    the passive voice.


                do _
    Verb is _ _ _ _ solve             is _ _ _
                             it becomes _solved_     in the
    passive voice.

88) In the third sentence, - Does he solve the problems?
                                      ____
 Subject is _ _ _ _ _ it becomes _ object, of the
                  he
 passive voice.


                 the problem it becomes _ _ _ _ _
     Object is _ _ _ _ _ _                subject,     of
    the passive voice.

               _ _ solve,
      Verb is _does _ _                   are solved
                             it becomes _ _ _ _ _      in
    the passive voice.

   89) Hence, we conclude that verbs of Interrogative
    sentences of active voice while changing into passive
    voice the do/does/did      becomes
    is/are/was/were
 90) Match the following structure.
1.   Interrogative Active voice     a. To be verb + sub. + P.P
     +object
2.    Interrogative Passive voice   b. Auxiliaries + sub + main
     verb + object




     (1-a, 2-b)
91) Let us change the following active voice sentences
 into passive voice.
1) Did you meet him on the road/

     was he meet on the road by you?
2) Do your uncle pay your school fees?

    are your school fees paid by your uncle?
   92) Let us examine following sentences –

   Can they solve the problem?

 Can   the problem be solved by them?

   Have they solved the problems?

 Have  the problems be solved by them?
    What do you observe?




    When the active voice
    sentence started with
    auxiliaries then passive
    voice sentence also
    started with that
    auxiliary only.
93) 1) Can you move the Himalaya?
____                 be moved by_____
Can, the Himalaya _____            you       ?



 2) Should they punish the guilty?
                      be punished by ______?
 _______the guilty ________
    Should                            them

3) Will Sonia plays football?
    __                  ____
 _ Will _ football _ _be played   by _ Sonia?
94) Let us write the structure of Interrogative active
  voice and Passive voice
  Active structure :
                           aux. + subject + main verb + object




   Passive structure :
                          aux. + subject + be + p.p + object
95) Let us examine the following sentences
1) Who wrote this story?
2) By whom was this story be written?

   What do you observe?
   Sentence first is ____________
                       Interrogative       type of sentence.

   It started with ________
                      Wh           word.

   Sentence second is passive form of it. It started with the
    word ________________
             By whom

96) Let us try to solve the following examples.
Who taught her music?
By whom_______________________
            she be taught music ?

Who broke the window?
 By whom                   be broken?
____________the window _________________

Who rang the bell?
 _____________________ the bell
     By whom the bell be rung?
   Who did this mistake?
     By whom this mistake be done)
   Who won the gold and the silver medals in the event?
   _________ the gold and ___________________ be __
    By whom                     the silver medals
   ?
      won in the event ?
   97) Hence, we conclude that when the active voice
    sentence is started with ‘who’ then passive voice
    sentence started with _ _ _ _ _
                              By whom
   98) Read the following sentences
    Open the door
    Don’t laugh
   These sentences are _ _ _ _ _ _ _ type of sentences
   99) Yes, these are imperative sentences.
    Imperative sentences include Order, Command,
    Request, Advise etc. in this sentence the subject
    ‘you’ is always understood.
   100) Let us observe the passive construction of
    imperative sentences
 Open the door.
 You are requested to open the door
  Don’t laugh.
 You are ordered not to laugh.
     What do you observe?
   101) Let us transform following sentences into
    passive voice.
    ‘ Hide the basket.’
                            hide the basket
    You are ordered to _____________
   ‘Get out of the room.’
                            get out of the room
    You are ordered to _________________
    ‘Avoid the bed company.’
    __________________________________
     You are advised to avoid the bed company
     ‘Don’t smoke.’
    _______________________
     You are advised not to smoke
102) Let us solve the following example:
Coronary arteries provided oxygen
    Oxygen is provided by coronary arteries.

      The Maharashtra board announced the S.S.C result.
     The S.S.C result was announced by the Maharashtra board.
     A committee is looking into the matter.
    The matter is being looked by a committee.

     Someone has broken the windowpane
     The windowpane has been broken by someone.
   Students must write answers on one side of the paper.


     Answers must be written on one side of
            the paper by students.
   My mother gave me a gift.


   Who taught you mathematics?


   Complete the homework.

     You are ordered to complete the home work.
   UNESCO declared Sunder bans as world natural
    heritage in 1985.




				
DOCUMENT INFO
Stats:
views:2170
posted:4/14/2011
language:English
pages:108
Description: Self Explaining PPT. Usefull for Students & Teachers. Easy to teach on Projectors. No Editing required. Animated Slides.