Romanticism_ Realism_ _ Impressionism in Art by gjjur4356

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									Romanticism, Realism, &
Impressionism in Art
Romanticism
   characterized by the 5 “I”s
        Imagination was emphasized over “reason.” This was a backlash
         against the rationalism characterized by the Neoclassical period.
         Imagination was considered necessary for creating all art.
        Intuition – feeling and instincts are more important than reason –
         value is placed on strong emotion – art tried to evoke emotion.
        Idealism emphasizes the spirit, the mind, or language over matter
         – we can make the world a better place through art.
        Inspiration - The Romantic artist was an “inspired creator” rather
         than a “technical master.” What this means is “going with the
         moment” or being spontaneous, rather than “getting it precise.”
        Individuality - Romantics celebrated the individual. Governments
         and movements should not sacrifice the individual but raise
         him/her.
Realism
   Attempts to create a truthful and accurate depiction
    of the models that nature and contemporary life offer
    to the artist.
       The artificiality of both the Classicism and Romanticism in
        the academic art was unanimously rejected
    New idea was that ordinary people and everyday
    activities are worthy subjects for art.
       Artists - Realists attempted to portray the lives,
        appearances, problems, customs, and mores of the middle
        and lower classes, of the unexceptional, the ordinary, the
        humble, and the unadorned.
Impressionism
   Photography changed painting immensely, when artists like
    Monet discovered how photography worked - the capturing of
    individual grains of light - they began to change the concept
    they had of art and painting.
        Also felt that trying to capture things realistically via painting was
         pointless since a camera could do that.
   Painters felt that objects are not so much things in themselves
    as they are agents for the absorption of color and light.
    Shadows are not black or gray, but tend to take on a color
    complementary to object.
   Rebelled against hard lines of neoclassicism - There are no hard
    lines in nature, lines don't exist in nature. Concern of the painter
    should be more with light and color.
   Tried to brighten up paintings by using primary colors to
    increasingly convey the illusion of sunlight through a prism.
Post Impressionism
   A Collection of artists with very diverse, individual, styles influenced by the
    Impressionists
        in fact, Post Impressionism was a reaction to the limited impressionist view that
         paintings should be all about light. Post Impressionists wanted to do more.
   Post-Impressionists continued using vivid colors, thick application of paint,
    distinctive brushstrokes and real-life subject matter, but they were more inclined
    to emphasize geometric forms, to distort form for expressive effect, and to use
    unnatural or arbitrary color
   Each painter in the movement pursued unique, personal subject matter and,
    while sharing stylistic goals with the other Post-Impressionists, had a personal
    form of expression.
        For example, Cézanne abandoned the Impressionists' virtuoso depiction of evanescent
         light effects in order to pursue his preoccupation with the underlying structures of
         natural forms and the problem of unifying surface patterns with spatial depth.
        Both Gauguin and van Gogh rejected the indifferent objectivity of Impressionism in
         favor of a more personal, spiritual expression.
        Seurat and his followers concerned themselves with Pointillism, the systematic use of
         tiny dots of color.

								
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