50-state Legislative Summary
All of the following information was found here (http://www.fleets.doe.gov/fleet_tool.cgi?$$,benefits,1).
More information on and contact information for each opportunity can be found there.
AFVs are required to display special license plates. Once these plates are displayed, AFVs are allowed
to use the high occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes. Hybrid vehicles may also apply for the sticker and use
HOV lanes. An $8 administration fee applies.
A person who is driving a vehicle powered by an alt fuel may park without penalty in parking areas
that are designated for carpool operators.
The annual vehicle license tax on an AFV was reduced to 1% of the assessed value of the vehicle,
down from 60%. The vehicle is taxed $4 for every $100 in assessed value. There is a minimum of $5
regardless of the assessment.
Limitations on the use of biodiesel as a means for public vehicle fleets to meet their requirements
under state alt fuel programs were removed. Biodiesel is eligible for use in city transit bus plans and
can now be used to achieve all of a fleet's alt fuel use requirements.
The Colorado Department of Revenue offers a tax credit for the purchase of new alt fuel vehicles
(AFVs) and for the conversion of vehicles to run on alt fuels. The credits are based on the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) emissions classification of the vehicle.
The Colorado Department of Revenue offers a tax credit for the construction, reconstruction, or
acquisition of alt fuel refueling facilities.
Vehicles, vehicle power sources, or parts used for converting a vehicle power source certified to
federal Low Emission Vehicle standards or better are exempt from state sales tax. This exemption
applies to vehicles, power sources, or parts for vehicles over 10,000 lbs Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW).
Fuel tax exemptions are granted for compressed natural gas (CNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG)
vehicle owners. Owners of CNG and LPG-fueled vehicles shall purchase an annual tax decal for $70,
$100, or $125 based on the vehicle's GVW. All CNG and LPG vehicles must display a current fuel tax
decal. Non-profit transit agencies are exempt from the fuel tax.
A 50% business tax credit is available for the cost of installing a compressed natural gas (CNG),
liquefied natural gas (LNG), or liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) refueling facility or electric recharging
site and for the cost of converting a vehicle to operate on CNG, LNG, LPG, or electricity.
The purchase of new vehicles that are exclusively powered by natural gas, LPG, hydrogen, or
electricity as well as the storage, use, or other consumption of such a vehicle are exempt from sales
tax. Conversion equipment associated with converting vehicles to exclusively use clean alt fuels, or
dual use of such fuel and any other fuel, and equipment associated with a CNG or hydrogen filling or
electric recharging station are also exempt. These exemptions expire July 1, 2004.
Propane sold prior to July 1, 2004 for use as a fuel in motor vehicles is exempt from the petroleum
gross earnings tax.
Petroleum products sold between July 1, 2002 and July 1, 2004 for use as fuel in fuel cells are exempt
from the petroleum gross earnings tax.
On and after July 1, 1994, and until July 1, 2004, CNG, LPG, and LNG shall not be subject to the
motor fuels tax.
The Delaware Energy Task Force was created for the purpose of developing the Delaware Energy Plan
to recommend to the Governor courses of action to address the State''s long and short-term energy
challenges. The Task Force consists of 17 members, including representatives of: alt energy generation
and development companies; the transportation fuels industry; and agriculture, representing the
biofuels industry. The Delaware Energy Plan shall address state energy goals including promoting
production and use of bioenergy and clean alt energy, and broadening the existing diversity and
decreasing the environmental impact of fuels that meet Delaware's transportation needs.
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Utility - Chesapeake Utilities has a publicly accessible quick-fill CNG station in Dover.
Utility - SchagrinGAS provides propane tanks, pumps, and meters at no cost to customers on a case-
by-case basis. Fleets can also save up to 10% on propane.
Propane sold in bulk is exempt from a $0.075 per gallon excise tax when sold to a consumer
Georgia offers a $5,000 tax credit for the purchase or lease of a zero emission vehicle (ZEV) and a
$2,500 tax credit for the purchase or lease of a vehicle that meets or exceeds the U.S. Environmental
Protection Agency's (EPA) low emission vehicle (LEV) standard.
Georgia offers a $2,500 tax credit for converting a conventional vehicle to operate solely on an alt fuel.
Georgia offers a $2,500 tax credit for the purchase or lease of an electric charger.
Illinois offers two AFV cash rebates. The Conversion Rebate is worth 80% of the cost of converting a
vehicle to operate on an alt fuel, up to $4,000. The OEM Vehicle Rebate is worth 80% of the
incremental cost of purchasing an OEM AFV.
A 10% gross income tax deduction is available for improvements to ethanol production facilities or
soy diesel production facilities.
Utility - Citizens Gas and Coke offers a rebate of $1,500 per vehicle converted to run on CNG or for
the purchase of an OEM dedicated NGV. Each project is examined on the merits of providing the
rebate, based on hours of operation or miles driven per vehicle per year. Citizens Gas and Coke also
provides public refueling at two existing CNG refueling stations.
The state offers an income tax credit for 50% (up to $50,000, depending on the Gross Vehicle Weight
(GVW)) of the incremental or conversion cost of qualified alt fuel vehicles (AFVs). The state also
offers an income tax credit for 50% (up to $200,000 depending on the date the station begins service)
of the cost of a qualified alt fuel refueling stations.
An alt fuels loan program was established for the purpose of making loans to government agencies
which own and operate motor vehicles to encourage the use of alt fuels and the development of the alt
The transportation, distribution, or delivery of natural gas used as a motor vehicle fuel is exempt from
regulation by the Kentucky Public Service Commission, as is the sale of natural gas to a compressed
natural gas (CNG) fuel station, retailer, or end-user.
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) is exempt from excise tax when it is used to propel motor vehicles on
the public highways, given that these vehicles are equipped with carburetion systems approved by the
Natural Resources and Environmental Protection Cabinet
Maryland established an AFV goal under the plan for 'Sustaining Maryland's Future with Clean Power,
Green Buildings and Energy Efficiency.' The State shall ensure that an average of 50% of the fuel
used by bi-fuel and flex-fuel vehicles shall be alt fuel. The State shall help develop the refueling and
maintenance infrastructure required to make certain types of AFVs practical and may provide technical
assistance and other incentives to use clean technology, where practical, in State transit fleets.
Maine provides a partial tax exemption for the purchase of clean-fuel vehicles. For original equipment
manufacturer (OEM) vehicles, the incremental cost of the sale or lease of a clean-fuel vehicle as
compared to an identical vehicle powered by gasoline is tax-exempt. When there is not an identical
vehicle powered by gasoline, the exemption is for 30% of the price of internal combustion engine
vehicles, and 50% of the price of electric and fuel cell vehicles.
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The State Highway tax for each special fuel used in transportation is based on their British Thermal
Unit (BTU) value relative to gasoline. Ethanol (E85) at $0.156 per gallon, propane (LPG) at $0.16 per
gallon, and compressed natural gas (CNG) at $0.191 per gallon.
A taxpayer is allowed a credit for the construction, installation or improvements to any refueling or
charging station. The value of this credit is equal to the qualifying percentage of expenditures paid or
incurred. The qualifying percentage of expenditures is 50% from January 1, 1999, to December 31,
2001, and 25% from January 1, 2002, to December 31, 2006.
The Finance Authority of Maine manages the Clean Fuel Vehicle Fund, a non-lapsing revolving loan
fund that may be used to purchase alt fuel vehicles (AFVs) and to develop infrastructure to support the
use of AFVs.
The Michigan Energy Office offers incentives to fleets that are not mandated by the Energy Policy Act
(EPAct) to purchase alt fuel vehicles (AFVs). The grant covers the incremental cost of purchasing or
refueling an AFV. Up to $4,000 is available for a dedicated AFV, $2,000 for a bi-fuel, and $500 for an
AFV with little or no incremental costs. These grants are only available to fleets associated with the
developing Greater Lansing Clean Cities Coalition. Eligible fleets must be located in the tri-county
area of Clinton, Eaton, and Ingham, Michigan.
Dedicated alt fuel vehicles are exempt from emissions inspection requirements.
Utility - DTE Energy/MichCon offers public access to 12 compressed natural gas (CNG) refueling
There is an ethanol production incentive of $0.20 per gallon for each gallon of ethanol produced in a
qualified ethanol production facility that started production by June 30, 2000.
All diesel fuel sold or offered for sale in the state for use in internal combustion engines must contain
at least 2% biodiesel fuel oil by volume.
Minnesota policy states that it is in the long-term interest of the state to promote the development and
market penetration of alt fuels, and to develop additional markets for indigenous crop-based fuels.
School districts are allowed to establish contracts with nonprofit, farmer-owned new generation
cooperatives to supply bus fuel containing at least 20% biodiesel. Each district can receive additional
state school aid to help offset the incremental cost of the biodiesel. This incentive expires after the
2005-06 school year.
Any state agency operating a fleet of more than 15 motor vehicles must have 50% of the agency's new
vehicle acquisitions be capable of running on alt fuels. In addition, 30% of the fuel used by state fleet
vehicles must be an alt fuel.
The DOE of the DNR has developed an administrative plan for implementing a loan program that
provides financial assistance to political subdivisions for establishing the use of alt fuels in their
vehicle fleets. The loans can be for the purchase of new AFVs, conversion of gasoline motor vehicles
to run on alt fuels, or construction of refueling stations for AFVs. The loans will be a maximum of
$2,000 for the incremental cost of purchasing a new AFV, a maximum of $2,000 for the conversion of
a new or existing vehicle to operate on an alt fuel, and a maximum of $100,000 for the construction of
a refueling station capable of dispensing an alt fuel. Funding for this program has been appropriated,
but guidelines are not in place. The program will take effect in 2003
When possible, any vehicle purchased or leased by a state university in Mississippi shall be an alt fuel
or a hybrid-electric vehicle.
Utility - Mississippi Valley Gas offers incentives for natural gas vehicles on a case-by-case basis and
offers a special rate for natural gas when used as a vehicle fuel.
A 50% income tax credit is available to businesses or individuals for equipment and labor costs of
converting vehicles to operate on alternative fuels. A tax credit for up to $500 is available for the
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conversion of vehicles weighing less than 10,000 lbs. Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) and up to $1,000
for heavier vehicles.
An alt fuels policy and its implementation guidelines were established for the state of Montana.
New Jersey is committed to exceeding the Energy Policy Act's alt fuel vehicle acquisition mandates for
state government fleets by 5% per year. An Advanced Technology Vehicle (ATV) Task Force was
created in order to assist the Department of Treasury in coordinating AFV and ATV acquisition and
placement, developing a refueling/recharging infrastructure to support the anticipated level of AFV
and ATV use by the state motor vehicle fleet, and creating an incentive program to defray the
incremental costs of AFVs and ATVs for other public entities.
Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) and compressed natural gas (CNG), when used as transportation fuels,
are taxed at a rate of $0.0525 per gasoline gallon equivalent, instead of the $0.105 per gallon tax on
Utility - Public Service Electric and Gas (PSE&G) offers a special rate for the resale of CNG as a
motor vehicle fuel and, on a case-by-case basis, will assist customers with natural gas vehicle (NGV)
projects. Private fleets can only refuel at PSE&G's existing stations on a case-by-case emergency basis.
Effective July 1, 2002, state agencies can meet AFV acquisition requirements by purchasing foreign-
made gas-electric hybrid vehicles until these vehicles are assembled in North America.
Effective July 1, 2002, the definition of 'alternative fuel' extends to include a fuel mixture containing
not less than 20% vegetable oil or a water-phased hydrocarbon fuel emulsion in an amount not less
than 20% by volume.
The Alternative Fuel Conversion Act of 1992 requires that 75% of new state and post-secondary
institution fleet vehicles acquired in fiscal year 2003 and thereafter, except authorized exemptions, be
bi-fuel or dedicated AFVs or gas-electric hybrid vehicles. Certified law enforcement and emergency
vehicles are exempt from this requirement. The Act authorized a $5 million revolving loan fund for
AFV acquisitions by state agencies, institutions of higher learning, and school districts. The maximum
amount of a loan to acquire a vehicle shall not exceed the actual cost of acquiring the vehicle or $3,000
whichever is less.
The Alternative Fuels Tax Act of 1995 was established in order to encourage the use of alternative fuel
for the propulsion of motor vehicles, thereby increasing the market for supplies of New Mexico natural
gas and reducing harmful environmental emissions. The Act provides for fair taxation of alternative
fuels. The excise tax imposed on alternative fuel distributed in New Mexico is $0.12 per gallon.
Alternative fuel purchased for distribution shall not be subject to the alternative fuel excise tax at the
time of purchase or acquisition, but the tax shall be due on any alternative fuel at the time it is
dispensed or delivered into the supply tank of a motor vehicle that is operated on the highways of the
state. Owners of AFVs with a Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) not exceeding 54,000 lbs may pay an
annual tax in lieu of the per gallon tax, according to the schedule below. Alternative fuel distributed by
or used, in accordance with the Act, for U.S. government, state government, or an Indian nation, tribe
or pueblo purposes, is exempt from the excise tax.
GVW Annual Tax
0 to 6,000 pounds $60
6,001 to 16,000 pounds $100
16,001 to 26,000 pounds $300
26,001 to 40,000 pounds $700
40,001 to 54,000 pounds $1,100
Vehicles that run on clean fuels are exempted from certain registration fees.
Fleets containing 10 or more vehicles that are owned, leased, or operated by the state, a state agency,
or a political subdivision of the state in a county whose population is 100,000 or more are mandated to
acquire AFVs or U.S. Environmental Protection Agency certified ultra low emission vehicles
(ULEVs). In the year 2000 and each year thereafter, 90% of new vehicles obtained by covered fleets
must be either AFVs or certified vehicles. A fleet may meet the acquisition requirements by converting
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existing or newly acquired vehicles to run on alternative fuels. An AFV acquired in compliance with
this mandate must operate solely on the alternative fuel except when operating in an area where the
appropriate alternative fuel is unavailable. Fleets with buses and/or heavy-duty vehicles are included.
AFVs do not have to be tested for emissions.
Utility - Sierra Pacific Power Company supplies natural gas to a refueling station operated by Western
Energetix in Reno, Nevada. The station is equipped with a card-reader device for customers.
New York's Alternative-Fuel (Clean-Fuel) Vehicle Tax Incentive Program offers three tax credits and
a tax exemption for people who purchase alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs).
Purchasers of electric vehicles (EVs) are eligible for a tax credit worth 50% of the incremental
cost, up to a maximum of $5,000 per vehicle. All dedicated EVs, as well as hybrid-electric
vehicles (HEVs), qualify for this credit.
Purchasers of compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), methanol,
ethanol, and hydrogen-powered vehicles, as well as HEVs, are eligible for a tax credit worth
60% of the incremental cost. The maximum value for vehicles weighing less than 14,000 lbs.
Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW) is $5,000. The maximum value for vehicles with a GVW over
14,000 lbs. is $10,000.
The installation cost of clean-fuel vehicle refueling equipment (including EV recharging
stations) is eligible for a tax credit worth up to 50% of the project cost. There is no limit on
The incremental cost of clean-fuel vehicles and the project cost of refueling infrastructure is
exempt from New York State sales tax.
The New York State Clean Cities Challenge, administered by NYSERDA, awards funds to members
of New York's Clean Cities Coalitions that acquire AFVs and/or refueling infrastructure. Funds are
awarded on a competitive basis, and can be used to cost-share up to 75% of the proposed project,
including the incremental cost of purchasing AFVs, the cost of installing refueling and recharging
equipment, and the incremental costs associated with bulk alternative fuel purchases.
The New York City Clean Fuel Taxi Program provides up to $6,000 towards the purchase of new CNG
taxis cabs or the conversion of gasoline cabs to operate on CNG.
Governor Pataki mandated that clean-fueled vehicles make up 50% of all state agency fleets by 2005
and 100% by 2010.
New York City Council established a program in 1991 requiring the purchase and/or conversion of
AFVs for city government use. The program required 80% of the light-duty, non-emergency fleet, and
15% of the transit buses, be alternatively fueled.
Utility - Con Edison operates nine CNG refueling stations in New York City and Westchester County,
six of which are open to the public. Con Edison has over 300 dedicated NGVs in its corporate fleet,
and delivers natural gas to a variety of public refueling stations, bus depots and delivery fleets within
its service territory. Con Edison offers a variety of financially based incentives to help customers
acquire NGVs and/or construct CNG refueling stations.
A tax credit is available for 50% of the cost of converting a vehicle to run on an alternative fuel or for
50% of the incremental cost of a new original equipment manufacturer (OEM) alternative fuel vehicle
A state income tax credit is available for 10% of the total vehicle cost, up to $1,500, when an AFV is
resold, as long as a tax credit has not been previously taken on the vehicle.
Oklahoma has an Alternative Fuels Loan program to help convert public fleets to operate on
alternative fuels. This program provides 0% interest loans for converting vehicles to run on an
alternative fuel, for the construction of refueling infrastructure, and for the incremental cost associated
with the purchase of an OEM AFV. The program provides up to $5,000 per converted or new vehicle
and up to $100,000 for refueling infrastructure. Repayment is made from fuel savings during a
maximum seven-year period. If the alternative fuels price does not remain below the price of the
conventional fuel that was replaced, repayment is suspended. Eligible applicants include state and
county agencies and divisions, municipalities, school districts, mass transit authorities, and public trust
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Low-speed electrical vehicles (Neighborhood Electric Vehicles manufactured in compliance with the
National Highway Traffic Safety Administration standards for low-speed vehicles in 49 C.F.R.
571.500) are allowed to operate on Oklahoma streets and highways with a posted speed limit of 35
miles per hour or under.
Utility - Oklahoma Natural Gas (ONG) offers a discounted rate for natural gas when used to fuel
vehicles. For a period of up to one week, Oklahoma Natural Gas will provide an NGV on loan for a
fleet customer to test on a case-by-case basis.
A Residential Energy Tax Credit is available for the purchase of OEM AFVs, the cost of converting
vehicles to run on an alternative fuel, and the cost of installing home charging or refueling stations.
The tax credit is $750 for an OEM AFV, 25% of the incremental cost of a conversion (up to $750), and
an additional $750 for a home charging or refueling stations. For a hybrid electric vehicle (HEV), a
credit of up $1,500 is available.
Dedicated OEM natural gas vehicles (NGVs) are exempt from biennial emission inspection and
Duke Energy has a reduced rate for electricity used to charge an electric vehicle of $0.03 per kilowatt-
hour (kWh) off-peak and $0.09 per kWh on-peak.
Piedmont Natural Gas Company has a promotional rate (Rate #142) for natural gas used to fuel
vehicles. Individuals may use Piedmont's compressed natural gas (CNG) refueling stations in Charlotte
and Greensboro with prior approval.
It shall be the goal of the State that on and after January 1, 2004 at least 75% of the new or
replacement light duty cars and trucks (8,500 lbs or less GVW Rating) purchased by the State will be
AFVs or low emission vehicles.
The alt Fuels Incentive Grant (AFIG) Program, implemented by the Pennsylvania Department of
Environmental Protection (DEP) Bureau of Air Quality (BAQ), provides financial assistance for and
information about alt fuels and alt fuel vehicles (AFVs). The AFIG Program receives about $3.4 to $4
million annually in funding.
A tax is imposed on alt fuels used to propel vehicles of any kind on public highways. The rate of tax is
determined on a gasoline gallon equivalent basis.
Utility - PECO Energy Company offers assistance in finding incentives for the purchase of natural gas
and electric vehicles and for the installation of refueling infrastructure. PECO Energy is an active
member of the GPCCP and the Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition. PECO also offers discounted rates for
natural gas used to fuel vehicles.
Utility - Sunoco, Inc. offers alt fuel technical expertise and will work with customers to establish fuel
pricing and to expand the alt fuel infrastructure.
The state also provides rebates for AFV purchases. A purchaser of a dedicated AFV is eligible for a
$2,000 rebate, and a purchaser of a bi-fuel AFV is eligible for a $1,000 rebate.
The Alternative Fueled Vehicle and Filling Station Tax Credit entitles taxpayers to a tax credit equal to
50% of the capital, labor, and equipment costs incurred for the construction of, or improvement to, any
alternative fuel refueling or recharging station providing domestically produced alternative fuel.
Taxpayers are also entitled to a tax credit equal to 50% of the incremental cost incurred for the
purchase of an AFV or the capital, labor, and equipment cost of converting a motor vehicle to run on a
domestically produced alternative fuel.
Corporations that sell alternative fuels are allowed a deduction from the gross earnings from sales
reported in the corporations' tax returns. The deduction shall be the total of gross earnings from the sale
of alternative fuels when used as separately metered motor fuels that powers motor vehicles.
The sale, storage, use, or other consumption of alternative fuels (as defined by the Energy Policy Act
of 1992) are exempt from sales and use taxes. Additionally, the incremental cost associated with the
purchase of a new dedicated AFV, costs associated with the conversion of a gasoline or diesel-fueled
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motor vehicle to run on an alternative fuel, and all costs associated with the construction of alternative
fuel refueling/recharging stations are exempt from sales and use taxes.
Utility - New England Gas provides rebates and incentives for natural gas vehicle projects on a case-
by-case basis through its Demand-Side Management Program.
A use tax of $0.14 per gallon is imposed on liquefied gas used for the propulsion of motor vehicles on
public highways. In addition, a user of liquefied gas for the propulsion of a motor vehicle on public
highways shall pay an annual vehicle tax of:
Maximum Gross Weight - Tax
Passenger Car - $70
9,000 to 16,000 lbs - $84
20,000 to 26,000 lbs - $100
Over 26,000 lbs - $114
Government agencies are exempt.
A use tax of $0.13 is imposed on compressed natural gas (CNG) used for the propulsion of motor
vehicles on public highways. For the purpose of determining the tax on CNG, a gallon equivalent
factor of 5.66 lbs per gallon shall be used. Government agencies are exempt. A CNG user must apply
for and obtain from the commissioner of revenue a CNG user's permit.
The Railroad Commission of Texas has the authority to regulate the safety of the liquefied natural gas
(LNG), compressed natural gas (CNG), and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) industries. The Railroad
Commission, through its Alternative Fuels Research and Education Division, funds LPG research
projects on a case-by-case basis.
The North Central Texas Council of Governments (NCTCOG) offers assistance to public and private
fleets in the Dallas-Fort Worth (DFW) area in an effort to improve air quality and help the DFW region
meet federal ozone standards.
The Texas State Energy Conservation Office (SECO) researches and assists public and private entities
in securing grants to encourage the use of alternative fuels, including conversion of state and local
government fleets to CNG and propane.
The Texas School Bus Rebate Program, provided by the Railroad Commission of Texas' Alternative
Fuels Research & Education Division, applies to school buses (Model Year 1999 or later) that
incorporate a OEM low emission vehicle certified propane fuel system. The rebate is worth half of the
incremental cost of the propane system, less any other grant funds used to pay for the incremental cost
of the propane system. Used OEM vehicles and propane fuel system components are not eligible.
Users of vehicles operating on propane, compressed natural gas (CNG), electricity, or any motor or
special fuel that meets the clean-fuel vehicle standards in the Federal Clean Air Act Amendments of
1990, Title II are subject to a special fuel tax. Exemptions from the special fuel tax may be obtained by
purchasing a clean fuel certificate for $47 or $91, depending on the Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW),
plus a $35 surcharge.
The Motor Vehicles Code has been modified to authorize group license plates for clean-fuel vehicles.
Effective October 1, 2001 vehicles with clean-fuel group license plates are authorized to travel in lanes
designated for high occupancy vehicles (HOV) regardless of the number of occupants.
The Salt Lake City Department of Airports provides incentives to commercial ground transportation
providers who purchase and operate clean fuel vehicles exclusively using approved clean fuels. The
incentives are in the form of a credit against ground transportation fees. Incentive credit amounts are
$2,500 for each OEM or certified vehicle converted to run on an alternative fuel.
Motor vehicle license plates are issued free of charge for alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs), including
bi-fueled and dual-fueled vehicles.
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AFVs displaying the Virginia 'Clean Special Fuels' license plate can use the Virginia High Occupancy
Vehicle (HOV) lanes on Interstates 95, 395, and 66 (outside the Capital Beltway), regardless of the
number of occupants.
An annual tax is imposed in lieu of the special fuels tax on vehicles that fuel at private sources (such as
a home refueling station) and do not pay the special fuels tax.
Washington Gas supports the use of NGVs and provides 17 public refueling stations in the
Washington, DC metropolitan area.
Private - EVermont coordinates the Vermont Electric Vehicle (EV) Lease Program, leasing EVs to
Vermont businesses and institutions. Vehicles used in the lease program are primarily Solectria's E-10
(a converted, fully electric Chevrolet S-10), and Solectria's Force (a converted, fully electric Geo
Metro). The average annual lease is $4,000 for EVs and includes complete technical support, all
maintenance, liability and collision insurance, license plates and registration fees, and promotional
Utility - Suburban Propane, which has several locations throughout the state, offers public refueling for
Wisconsin Clean Cities Southeast Area, Inc., provides rebates for original equipment manufacturer
(OEM) dedicated alternative fuel vehicles (AFVs).
The UWM Center for Alternative Fuels offers a CMAQ Alternative Fuels Grant Program for the
incremental cost of purchasing AFVs. Wisconsin municipalities, in an 11 county area (including
Milwaukee, Waukesha, Racine, Kenosha, Walworth, Washington, Ozaukee, Sheboygan, Manitowoc,
Kewaunee, and Door counties), are eligible to participate in the grant program. Eligible vehicles
include dedicated, bi-fuel or flexible fuel vehicles. Eligible fuels include ethanol, methanol, hydrogen,
compressed natural gas (CNG), liquefied natural gas, propane, biodiesel, and electricity. Grant awards
are allocated through a competitive grant application process. The grant award per passenger vehicle is
$6,500 and $12,000 per truck, van or bus with a maximum of $50,000 per municipality. .Grant
recipients must participate in a research program that includes the tracking of fuel economy, operating
and maintenance costs, user convenience surveys and vehicle emissions testing.
There is a $3,750-$50,000 tax credit available for the purchase or conversion of an alternative fuel
The Clean State Program provides grants of up to $10,000 to fund local governments to help them
convert and purchase AFVs. The receiving government entity must provide a match of at least 50% in
order to obtain the grant. County governments, incorporated municipalities, transit authorities, and
school boards are eligible.
Utility - Cheyenne Light Fuel and Power (CLF&P) operates one NGV refueling station that is open to
the public with 24-hour card access. In addition, CLF&P leases home-refueling and conversion
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