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					Poetry
 Types of
Poetry…….
Narrative Poetry
   tells a story.
Definition of Narrative Poetry
Narrative Poetry is found in different
types of poetry such as Ballads, Epics,
and Lays. All of these examples are
different kinds of narrative poems
some of which are the length of a book
such as the Song of Hiawatha or the
Iliad.
Example of Narrative Poetry
John Barleycorn
 by Robert Burns
Lyric Poetry
A highly musical
  poetry that
 expresses the
emotions of the
   speaker.
Definition of Lyric Poetry
Lyric Poetry consists of a poem, such as a
sonnet or an ode, that expresses the
thoughts and feelings of the poet. The term
lyric is now commonly referred to as the
words to a song. Lyric poetry does not tell a
story which portrays characters and actions.
The lyric poet addresses the reader directly,
portraying his or her own feeling, state of
mind, and perceptions.
Dying
by
Emily Dickinson
       Sonnet
English (or
Shakespearean) sonnets
are lyric poems that are 14
lines long
           Sonnet
Definition of Sonnets
English (or Shakespearean) sonnets
are lyric poems that are 14 lines long
falling into three coordinate quatrains
and a concluding couplet. Italian (or
Petrarchan) sonnets are divided into
two quatrains and a six-line sestet.
All the World is a Stage
By William Shakespear
RefrainPoetry
Poetry that has a
phrase, some lines
or group of lines
repeated
RefrainPoetry
Definition of Refrain Poetry Term
The word 'Refrain' derives from the Old
French word refraindre meaning to repeat.
Refrain Poetry Term is a phrase, line, or
group of lines that is repeated throughout a
poem, usually after each stanza. A famous
example of a refrain are the words " Nothing
More" and “Nevermore” which are repeated
in “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe.
The Raven
by
Edgar Allan Poe
Example of Refrain Poetry.
      Ode
 A lofty lyric poem
on a serious theme.
Definition of Odes
Odes are long poems which are serious
in nature and written to a set structure.
John Keats's "Ode on a Grecian Urn"
and "Ode To A Nightingale" are
probably the most famous examples of
this type of poem.
Ode To A Nightingale
by
John Keats
 Free Verse
Poetry that avoids
  use of regular
 rhyme, rhythm,
meter, or division
  into stanzas.
Definition of Free Verse
Free Verse is a form of Poetry composed of
either rhymed or unrhymed lines that have
no set fixed metrical pattern. The early 20th-
century poets were the first to write what
they called "free verse" which allowed them
to break from the formula and rigidity of
traditional poetry. The poetry of Walt
Whitman provides many illustrations of Free
Verse including his poem "Song of Myself".
        Cheddar Cheese and Chocolate
                   Cake
I am crazy about rich, dark, espresso coffee.
I am addicted to extra-sharp cheddar cheese and chocolate cake.
I never tire of window-shopping or munching crisp apple pies from Burger
King.
I can consume a whole package of Wheat Thins while curled up reading a
favorite novel.
I wear purple eyeshadow and pink nail varnish- always.
I love to laugh and scream for joy, to sing at the top of my voice.
I like to play heavy rock loud enough to burst your eardrums.
I like crazy parties, whipped cream, and solitude.
     Image
   The vivid mental
  picture created in
the reader’s mind by
    the language.
Definition of Imagery Poems
Imagery Poems draw the reader into
poetic experiences by touching on the
images and
senses which the reader already
knows. The use of images in this type
of poetry serves to intensify the impact
of the work.
The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock
 by
 T. S. Eliot
   Haiku Poetry
 Japanese poem
composed of three
unrhymed lines that
reflects on some aspect of
nature and creates
images.
     Haiku Poetry
Definition of Haiku Poetry Type
Haiku Poetry Type is a Japanese poem
composed of three unrhymed lines of
five, seven, and five syllables. Haiku
poetry originated in the sixteenth
century and reflects on some aspect of
nature and creates images.
None is travelling
 by Basho
An example of Haiku.
    Limericks
Short nonsense type
 poems with a 5 line
      structure
        Limericks
Definition of Limericks
Limericks are short sometimes bawdy,
humorous poems of consisting of five
Anapaestic lines. Lines 1, 2, and 5 of a
Limerick have seven to ten syllables and
rhyme with one another. Lines 3 and 4 have
five to seven syllables and also rhyme with
each other. Edward Lear is famous for his
Book of Nonsense which included the poetry
form of Limericks.
Example of Limericks
Limerick from the Book of Nonsense
  by Edward Lear
  There was an Old Man with a gong,
  Who bumped at it all day long;
  But they called out, 'O law!
  You're a horrid old bore!'
  So they smashed that Old Man with a gong.
  Irony Poems
an action or
situation in a poem
that is the opposite
of what is expected
    Irony Poems
Definition of Irony
Irony illustrates a situation, or a use of
language, involving some kind of
discrepancy. The result of an action or
situation is the reverse of what is expected.
A famous example of irony is ''Water, water,
every where, Nor any drop to drink' in the
Ancient Mariner.
Rime of the Ancient Mariner
 by Samuel Taylor Coleridge
Example of Irony poetry
Techniques
of Poetry….
      Meter
   The rhythmical
pattern of the poem.
      Foot
 The unit of rhythm
    consisting of
strongly and weakly
 stressed syllables.
   Pentameter
5 units of rhythm
within a poem;
consists of 5 stressed
syllables and 5
unstressed syllables
    Stanza
The basic unit of a
poem; length can
      vary
     Couplet
 A form of stanza within a
          poem.
  2 Lines -“couple”; often
rhymes, but doesn’t have
        to rhyme.
   Quatrain
A stanza containing
     four lines.
 Does not have to
       rhyme.
   Sestet
A 6 lined stanza
within a poem.
   Octave
An 8 lined stanza
 within a poem.
Techniques
 of Poetry
Sound…..
   Rhythm
A pattern of beats
and stresses in a
 line of verse or
      prose.
    Rhyme
 The repetition of
sounds at the ends
    of words
  End Rhyme
The use of rhyming
words at the ends of
       lines
Internal Rhyme
The use of rhyming
words within lines
   Alliteration
The repetition of initial
 consonant sounds.
 Example: Sally sold
   seashells at the
     seashore.
  Assonance
 The repetition of
  vowel sounds.
Example: …molten
 golden notes…
Onomatopoeia
  The use of words or
phrases that sound like
the items to which they
         refer.
Examples: Buzz, Hiss,
Boo, Bam, Pow, Zoom
         Paradox
Definition of Paradox Literary Term
Paradox Literary Term is a paradox is a
statement or situation containing
apparently contradictory or
incompatible elements but upon closer
inspection might be true
A slow poem by Dali Lama:
THE PARADOX OF OUR TIMES
   Literary Terms Revisited
Simile
Metaphore
Idiom
Imagery
Onomatopoeia
Symbolism
Alliteration
    I hope you
enjoyed reading
and learning the
 terminology of
      Poetry

				
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