First Order Logic Syntax and Semantics - Excel by lju16692

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									Four linguists from different countries (United States, Niue, Russia, Romania) meet for lunch. Can you tell what each finds
most fascinating about language (prescriptivism/descriptivism, inductive/deductive styles, arbitrariness of the linguistic sign,
intonation/prosody), and what each specializes in (phonemes, morphemes, syntax, semantics)?
                                                        COUNTRY                            SPECIALTY
              INTEREST                 U.S.A.    Niue      Russia      Romania Phonemes MorphemesSyntax
Prescriptivism/Descriptivism
Inductive/Deductive Styles
Arbitrariness of the Linguistic Sign
Intonation/Prosody
Phonemes
Morphemes
Syntax
Semantics
1.The linguist fascinated by the lack of a relationship between sound and meaning does not specialize in semantics and is not
from a country whose name begins with an "R".
2.The linguist from Romania, who is not fascinated by monologues which list supporting evidence before the conclusion,
specializes in the level of word order.
3.The linguist from Kentucky specializes in the smallest unit of sound that contrasts meaning.
4.The linguist mentioned in the first clue published a detailed paper on sounds that carry meaning.
5.The linguist who was subtly keeping track of who perceives language choice as absolutely right or absolutely wrong, is not
amused by voice pitch and delivery rhythm despite specializing in phonemes. However, he politely discussed them anyway
with the linguist who specializes in grammar.
n you tell what each finds
ness of the linguistic sign,


ECIALTY
              Semantics




alize in semantics and is not

before the conclusion,




or absolutely wrong, is not
y discussed them anyway
Word
Prescriptivism/Descriptivism
Inductive/Deductive Styles
Arbitrariness of the Linguistic Sign
Intonation/Prosody
Phonemes
Morphemes
Syntax
Semantics
Definitions
Language usage absolutely right or wrong, or always right, just sometimes oddly
Presenting a conclusion in a specific style (arguments first, or arguments last)
Sounds do not inherently have a specific meaning
Rise and fall in pitch / Rhythm of speech
Smallest sound that contrasts meaning
Smallest sound that carries meaning
Level of word order, grammar
Meaning of individual words
Four linguists from different countries (United States, Niue, Russia, Romania) meet for lunch. Can you tell what each finds mo
fascinating about language (prescriptivism/descriptivism, inductive/deductive styles, arbitrariness of the linguistic sign,
intonation/prosody), and what each specializes in (phonemes, morphemes, syntax, semantics)?
                                                     COUNTRY                            SPECIALTY
              INTEREST                 U.S.A.   Niue    Russia      Romania Phonemes Morphemes Syntax
Prescriptivism/Descriptivism              O         X      X           X       O         X        X
Inductive/Deductive Styles                X         X      O           X       X         X        X
Arbitrariness of the Linguistic Sign      X        O       X           X       X         O        X
Intonation/Prosody                        X         X      X           O       X         X       O
Phonemes                                  O         X      X           X
Morphemes                                 X        O       X           X
Syntax                                    X         X      X           O
Semantics                                 X         X      O           X
1.The linguist fascinated by the lack of a relationship between sound and meaning does not specialize in semantics and is not
from a country whose name begins with an "R".
2.The linguist from Romania, who is not fascinated by monologues which list supporting evidence before the conclusion,
specializes in the level of word order.
3.The linguist from Kentucky specializes in the smallest unit of sound that contrasts meaning.
4.The linguist mentioned in the first clue published a detailed paper on sounds that carry meaning.
5.The linguist who was subtly keeping track of who perceives language choice as absolutely right or absolutely wrong, is not
amused by voice pitch and delivery rhythm despite specializing in phonemes. However, he politely discussed them anyway wit
the linguist who specializes in grammar.
you tell what each finds most
 the linguistic sign,


CIALTY
             Semantics
                X
                O
                X
                X




ze in semantics and is not

efore the conclusion,




 absolutely wrong, is not
discussed them anyway with

								
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