Merton’s Theory of Anomie • Anomie: Deviance • Conformists: accept arises out of the the goals of society discrepancy between and possess the means society’s social goals achieve those goals and the supply of legitimate means to • People who do not achieve those goals. have the advantage of People without the these means react in means resort to different ways. different tactics: Anomie/Ritualists • Ritualists are honest, • They attempt to follow hard-working people the rules of society often of the lower- • They lower their middle-class or expectations of having working class who fancy new cars and live in modest homes expensive holidays and drive older cars, make some of their own clothes Innovators • Innovators include • Some Conformists criminals, people who later become cheat on exams and Innovators bullies. They are • Officials who accept people who use kickbacks for work deviant means to contracts & corporate executives who fix achieve non-deviant prices or falsely goals advertise are Inonovators Retreatists • Retreatists reject both • Some religious groups the means and the are Retreatists. goals of society. They • They may substitute withdraw from society salvation or meditation • They may be drug for worldly goals addicts or street people.
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