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					THE COLD WAR
   1945-1990
The Cold War

       Cold War- A war of
        tension and the ideas of
        Capitalism (USA) vs.
        Communism (USSR)
       Superpowers- Nations
        that can influence the
        world (USA vs. USSR)
       Arms Race-Competition
        to develop the most
        weapons (atomic)
           Cold War Events
1. Germany is divided into 4 zones run by
    France, England, The U.S. and the USSR
2. Containment- The U.S. Policy
designed to stop the spread of
communism in Europe
3. The Marshall Plan 13 billion in
   US aid to European nations to
   fight Communism
4. The Berlin Airlift- 12 month air
drop of food, clothing, and
medicine to people in Eastern
Germany
5. Space Race- The USSR was 1st
to launch the satellite Sputnik in
1957 & 1st man in space 1961
                Cold War Talk
 A time of tension w/o war    Nations who’s actions
  between the USA & USSR        influence the world
 Idea that actions put
                               Agreeing to
  nations on the edge of
  destruction                   competition w/o war
 A barrier between            Military counterattack
  communist and capitalists     using nuclear
  countries in Europe           weapons
 Idea that if one country
                               Policy to stop the
  falls to communism,
  others will follow
                                spread of
                                Communism
                 Cold War
          (actions    reactions)

   Stalin blockades      Truman orders the
    Berlin                 BERLIN AIRLIFT
 TheUSSR           NASA  is
 launches           established &
 Sputnik in 1957    millions given to
                    science/math
                    programs
 Nuclear  War       People  construct
 threatens           fall out (bomb)
 civilians in the    shelters
 U.S. and USSR
 NATO-  North        Warsaw  Pact- A
 Atlantic Treaty      military Alliance
 Organization –       led by the USSR
 military alliance    in Eastern
 led by the U.S.      Europe
 to fight Soviet
 aggression in
 Europe
   The Soviet Union
    supports the
                           Containment
    spread of
    Communism to
    China, Korea, and      Domino Theory
    Vietnam
                    Rosenbergs
 Soviet Espionage
                     convicted of
 (spies) feared in   espionage
 America            McCarthyism-
                     Senator Joseph
                     McCarthy accused
                     100’s of government
                     officials of being
                     communist
        Wars in U.S. History
 The American Revolution
 War of 1812
 Mexican-American War
 Civil War
 Spanish-American War
 World War I
 World War II
 Korean War
The Korean War
                  Facts
 1950-1953
 Fought to contain Communism in North
  Korea
 China & USSR aided North Korean
 U.S. troops and 15 other nations fought as
  The United Nations
 U.S. forces led by General MacArthur
 Communism   was contained to North
  Korea
 The wars end was a stalemate
 Known as the “forgotten war”


             U.S.        U.N.
 Dead       54,246      628,833
 Missing    8,177       470,267
 Captured   7,140       92,970
Bay of Pigs Invasion 1961
Bay of Pigs Facts
          President Kennedy
           arms Cuban exiles to
           overthrow Castro in
           Cuba
          Exiles lose to Castro’s
           army
          Castro remains in
           power, Kennedy’s
           plan is a failure
The Cuban Missile Crisis 1962
                         Facts
 A 1962 showdown
  between the U.S. &
  USSR in Cuba
 Soviets were using
  Cuba for missile
  storage
 U.S. spy planes find
  missiles in & headed
  to Cuba
 Kennedy Blockades
  Cuba
 Soviet missiles
  removed from Cuba
 Castro remains in
  power
              CRQ Answers
1.   The main issue in the cartoon is the
     Vietnam War
2.   Stay in Vietnam to contain communism
3.   Get out of Vietnam because it was a civil
     war in their country
4.   The Constitution protects their FREEDOM
     OF SPEECH
The Vietnam War
 15 year struggle to contain Communism
  (1961-1975)
 Communist North Vietnam invaded South
  Vietnam
 Presidents Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon
  order troops to Vietnam
 Viet Cong- Communist soldiers from North
  Vietnam (V-C)
 Guerilla Warfare- Hit and run strategy of
  jungle fighting
 NaPalm- Burning Jelly used burn villages of
  the Viet Cong
 Agent Orange-Chemical used to kill the
  jungle
 Tet Offense- Attack on 100 cities by the
  Viet Cong for 2 days
            Vietnam Results
1.   Doves-young generation Americans that
     protested the Vietnam war
2.   Hawks-People who supported Vietnam
3.   58,000 American soldiers die
4.   Vietnamization-Pulling American troops
     from Vietnam (1968-1973)
5.   South Vietnam falls to communism
     Answers
3
3
3
3
2
1
2
Cold War Presidents
             President 1961-1963
             1st catholic president
             Started the Peace
              Corps
             New Frontier-
              Kennedy’s plan to
              help the poor,
              economy, and science
             Assassinated by Lee
              Harvey Oswald
Lyndon B. Johnson
            Pres. 1963-1969
            Great Society- Plan to
             end poverty & better
             education
            Created Medicaid and
             Medicare
            Called for an end to
             segregation
            Sent most troops to
             Vietnam (escalation)
                  Richard Nixon
   Pres. 1969-1974
   Detente- Easing of
    Tension between the US
    and USSR
   SALT- Strategic Arms
    Limitations Treaty
    (reduction of Nukes)
   Watergate Scandal-
    Break-in and cover-up of
    tapping phone lines to be
    Re-elected
   1st Pres. to resign

				
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