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• Indian Railways is more than150 year old

• It is largest railway system in world under one

• It is a lifeline of country

• It is biggest civilian employer in the world

• No strike in last 30 years in spite of 17 lakh workers

• Always targeted by public during any rally, agitation

  Indian Railways covers 64000 of
  route km along length & width of
  the country
• It runs 12000 trains every day

• it carry 1.5 crore passengers &
  17 lakh tonnes of goods every day

• It is fuel efficient system
• Railways has 7500 engines,38000 coaches
  & about 2.5 lakh of wagons

• 7000 stations & about 500 computerized
  passenger reservation centers

• 1 lakh km of track

• 15 lakh employee(10 lakh in Group C)
  including 10000 officers

• 6 lakh staff Qrs

• Biggest township Kharagpur has 12000 qrs
• 1947 Post partition 21 railway systems----10
  owned by the GOI and balance by princely
  states. Total integration of princely state
  railways completed by first April 1950
• 1951 Southern, Central and Western
  Railways SR, CR&WR created
• 1952 Northern, Eastern and North Eastern
  Railways, NR,ER&NER created
• 1955 South Eastern Railways, SER created
• 1958 North East Frontier Railways, NFR
• 1966 South Central Railways, SCR created
  2002 East Central & North Western
  Railways created in October
• 2003 South Western , West Central, North
  Central, South Eastern Central & East Coast
  Railway, SWR, WCR, NCR, SECR and ECoR
  created in April 2003

• Shatabdi trains can run at
  maxm speed of 140 kmph
• Rajdhani maxm 130 kmph
• Superfast trains 110 kmph
• Other mail & exp 110kmph but
  more stoppage
• Goods train maxm 100 kmph

       3 tier Management
• Top – Railway board or Ministry of
  Railways headed by Chairman
  Railway Board

• Middle -16 zones headed by General

• Bottom -68 divisions headed by
  Division Railway Managers

 Railway earns mainly from goods

• Daily expenditure is about Rs 100
  cr (42% staff, 18% fuels)

• Daily earnings Rs140 cr

• daily loss on uneconomic branch
  line Rs 8 cr
• Railway has its own cadre &
  consists of 9 Deptt (8 wheel & 1
• Technical- 4
  Engineering,mechanical, electrical &
• Non technical- 5
  Traffic, personel,,stores, security&
Production units

• Chitranjan loco works at Chitranjan
  for electrical engine
• Diesel loco works,Varanasi for
  Diesel Engine
• Coach factory at Perambur &
• Railwheel factory at Bangalore
• Diesel componet works at Patiala
• Indian railway catering & tourism co
• Indian railway constn comp (IRCON)
• Rail india technical services(RITES)
• Container corporation        (concor)
• Rail tel corparation         (Rail tel)
• Konkan railway corpo Ltd (KRCL)
• Mumbai rail vikas corporation (MRVC)
• Rail Vikash Nigam Ltd (RVNL)
• Rail Land Dev Authority(RLDA)
• Dedicated freight corridor co Ltd
• Research Design & Standardisation
  Organisation (RDSO) in Lucknow –in
  house research organisation

• It is an integrated organisation for
  track & rolling stock

• responsible for developing and
  testing of new technology and
  design related to railways
• Railway staff college,Vadadara- General training for
  all Railway officers
• IRICEN,Pune –Civil engg
• IRIEEN,Nasik-electrical engg
• IRIMEE-jamalpur-Mechenical engg
• IRISET-Secundrabad-signal & telecommunication
• Indian Railways Institute of Transport Management
  (IRITM) at Lucknow-Traffic deptt
• Cenntral training academy for Railwyays accounts-
  Account deptt
Training (contd)

Supervisors and staff
• Zonal training centre
• Divisional training school
• Others like drivers,engineering
  training schools
• 177 training institutes for training of
  non gazetted staff
• 25% of officers and 17% of staff are
  trained annually
   Public concern
• Availability of Reservation
• PRS irrespective of presence of
  Railway - cover more than 90% of
  population including each district HQ
  etc,(720 no)
• tatkal booking, Internet booking
• PNR enquiry.
• It runs additional service in
  festivals,summer & winter holiday
• information for passengers on
  internet, ivrs
Public Concern
•   Safety & punctuality -generally good but adverse
    publicity is more .Annual deaths in Railways are much
    lesser than Road Accidents

•    Cleanliness of stations ,waiting halls etc
    Cleanliness of trains , toilets & linen supplied in trains-
    serious concern. Lot of attention is being paid but lot is
    to be done. depend on civic sense of rail users also

•   Hygienic food –now IRCTC is setup to improve catering
    at stations & trains

•   All information available in timetable & internet at
Railways concern
• Not able to fix fare as per cost -
• i) loss in suburban service
• ii) loss due to increase in cost of diesel
• Not able to close uneconomic branch line-
  yearly loss 2500 cr
• Political interference in investment
• Not able to meet public demand for more
  seats in few sector &run empty trains in
• Need Rs50000 cr to complete on going
Commercial vs Social

• Railway has social obligation to run
  transport service for all the area of country
  irrespective of profit motive. It can not
  close uneconomic lines

• It can not increase fare due to adverse
  political impact even though fuel cost

• It has to generate enough resources for
  efficient maintenance & replacements of
  assets on its own
Tree plantation
• Does Tree plantation along the
  Railway line , in colony & on surplus
  vacant land
• Ornamental tree in offices , stations
  residence compounds ,level xing
• Now energy plantation is thrust area
  – Jatropha curcus (biodiesel)
• Railway plant about 20 lakhs tree
  every year
Dedicated freight
• Railways will construct two
  dedicated freight corridor from
  calcutta to Amritsar & Mumbai
  to Delhi via Ahmadabad-Jaipur
• It will cost about Rs1.0 lakh cr
  & will be funded by railways
  own resources
• 2 yr plg +5 year construction
Numbering of trains
• 4 digit numbering for express & 3 digit for
  passenger trains
• Tr no starting with 2 –superfast
• First digit –zone 2nd digit –divn & last 2
  digit train identity
• All Rajdhani except serving WR(29) &
  ER(23) are NR trains & starts with number
• All shatabdi trains starts with number 20 &
  last two digit vary from 01 to 84
Coach numbering

•   H -AC first
•   A - AC-2 tier
•   B -AC-3 tier
•   C – Chair car
•   S – SL class
•      -General

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