Hand Hygiene is key to This fact sheet provides basic general information
infection prevention only and is to be used as a quick guide, not as a
complete resource on the subject. If you have any
further questions, ask your own physician, local
health unit or health care worker.
How to wash your hands:
• Apply no rinse hand antiseptic
This information was obtained from the
wet hands with water
following sources: Illness
• rub hands together for
Chin, J. (2000). Control of Communicable
Disease manual. 17th edition.
Simcoe County District Health Unit,
• rinse hands well http://www.simcoehealth.org/
• dry hands with paper
• turn off tap with used Royal Victoria Hospital
paper towel Infection Prevention and Control Department
201 Georgian Drive
Phone: (705) 728-9090 ext 66140 Patient/Visitor
Fax: (705) 7923312
Thank you for your help and cooperation Information
Treatment of Gastroenteritis
What can be done to prevent
gastroenteritis? Viral Gastroenteritis cannot be cured by
Gastro Illness There are many preventative measures. The
single most important method of preventing A bland diet consisting of clear liquids,
the spread of infection is handwashing. It is bananas, rice, apples, and toast may be
What is gastroenteritis? important to wash your hands before and af- recommended initially, as well as ade-
Gastroenteritis is a diarrheal illness that ter using the toilet, before preparing or eating quate fluid replacement. Elderly or ex-
affects both adults and children. meals, after changing diapers and after being tremely ill persons may have intravenous
in close contact with animals. replacement of fluids.
What are the symptoms of gastroen-
teritis? Patients experiencing gastro symptoms may A variety of medicines, can ease the ef-
be moved to a private room and put on fects of stomach cramps and gas pains.
Common symptoms include nausea,
“Contact precautions” . All caregivers must These agents may be effective in reduc-
vomiting and diarrhea. Some may ex-
wear gowns and gloves to prevent the ing the fluid loss associated with diar-
perience muscle aches, abdominal pain,
rhea. Certain antidiarrheals may reduce
fever and general weakness.
the ability of your intestines to eliminate
How is gastroenteritis transmitted? Are there any special concerns about
an infectious agent and may prolong or
Transmission can occur by several meth- gastroenteritis?
complicate your condition. Ask your phy-
ods depending on the germ that is making If you believe that you may have gastroen- sician for advice.
you sick. Being in contact with infected teritis, you should seek immediate medical
material or putting things into your mouth attention. If you have gastroenteritis and you
that are contaminated with infected stool are pregnant, you should promptly discuss
can transmit germs. Eating food or drink- this with your health care provider.
ing water that is contaminated with germs
Individuals with gastroenteritis, who provide
can also make you sick. Additional Wash hands frequently with
care services to others, particularly seniors or
spread may occur from an ill person to soap and water.
children are excluded from work while
others due to inadequate hand washing symptomatic.
after using the toilet