The Easter Rising by nyut545e2

VIEWS: 121 PAGES: 23

									                               The Easter Rising
                                             Monday 24 April
                                                   to
                                             Sunday 30th April
                                                  1916


These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                                           What was it?
 • The Easter Rising was an
   armed uprising by Irish
   Nationalists organised to take
   place during Easter week in
   1916.
 • They wanted an end
   to British rule in Ireland.
 • It was the worst uprising in
   Ireland since 1798.




These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                                Who was involved?
                                The Main Groups
 • The Irish Volunteers led by                                               • The Irish Citizen Army led by
   schoolteacher Patrick                                                       James Connolly
   Pearse




These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                              Causes: long term
 • Many Catholic Republicans saw the 1800 Act of Union
   that officially made Northern Ireland a part of the United
   Kingdom and subject to rule from London as unjust.
 • They thought that Northern Ireland was being exploited.
 • 1886 and 1893 saw two Home Rule Bills attempted. If
   these had passed through both the house of Commons
   and the House of Lords, Ireland would have been given
   powers to self govern.
 • However, both Bills failed to get enough support.


These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                           Causes : short term
 • The Third Home Rule Bill was proposed by Prime
   Minister Herbert Asquith in 1912.
 • Protestant Unionists opposed the Bill and formed a
   more extreme, armed opposition – the Ulster
   Volunteer Force (UVF)
 • Other such groups were also then formed on both
   sides, most notably for the Republicans, the Irish
   Volunteers.




These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                 Other short-term factors
 • World War I
 • The introduction of conscription in World War I –
   Republicans didn’t see why they should be fighting for
   Britain.
 • The Dublin lock-out of 1913 in which workers joined forces
   over the right to belong to a trade union had showed that
   joint action was possible and also led to more extreme,
   violent groups being formed.




These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
        Plans and great speeches
 • The Rising was planned as early as 1915. All groups
        involved were busy recruiting volunteers. Pearse delivered
        this famous speech in 1915
        (a full transcript is in The People Speak resources)
 • “In a closer spiritual communion with him now than ever
        before or perhaps ever again, in a spiritual communion
        with those of his day, living and dead, who suffered with
        him in English prisons, in communion of spirit too with our
        own dear comrades who suffer in English prisons to-day,
        and speaking on their behalf as well as our own, we
        pledge to Ireland our love, and we pledge to English rule
        in Ireland our hate.”
 • Speeches like this struck a cord with Republican men who
        were dissatisfied with rule by the British.
These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                   Day 1: Monday 24 April
The rebels were
organised in
military style
into batallions
ofmen. They
then charged
And occupied
various areas
and buildings in
Dublin, as
shown on the
map.

 These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                                               The conflict

 • The Commander-in-Chief of the British Army in Ireland,
        General Lovick Friend, was on leave in England.
 • When the insurrection began the Officer Commanding the
        Dublin Garrison, Colonel Kennard, could not be located.
 • His adjutant, Col. H V Cowan, telephoned Marlborough
        Barracks and asked for a detachment of troops to be sent
        to Sackville Street (O'Connell Street) to investigate the
        situation at the GPO. He then telephoned Portobello,
        Richmond and the Royal Barracks and ordered them to
        send troops to relieve Dublin Castle.
These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                    The conflict (continued)

 • Finally, he contacted the Curragh and asked for
   reinforcements to be sent to Dublin.
 • A troop of the 6th Reserve Cavalry Regiment, dispatched
   from Marlborough Barracks, proceeded down O'Connell
   Street.
 • As it passed Nelson's Pillar, level with the GPO, the rebels
   opened fire, killing three cavalrymen and two horses and
   fatally wounding a fourth man. The cavalrymen retreated
   and were withdrawn to barracks. This action is often
   referred to, inaccurately, as the "Charge of the Lancers."

These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                    The conflict (continued)

 • A piquet from the 3rd (Reserve) Battalion, Royal Irish
   Regiment(RIR), approaching the city from Richmond
   Barracks, encountered an outpost of Éamonn Ceannt's
   force under Section-Commander John Joyce in Mount
   Brown, at the north-western corner of the South Dublin
   Union.
 • A party of t20 men under Lieutenant George Malone was
   ordered to march on to Dublin Castle. They proceeded a
   short distance with rifles sloped and unloaded before
   coming under fire, losing three men in the first volley, then
   broke into a tan-yard opposite.
These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                    The conflict (continued)

 • A company with a Lewis Gun was sent to the Royal
   Hospital not then a hospital but the British military
   headquarters), overlooking the Union.
 • The main body took up positions along the east and south
   walls of the Union, occupying houses and a block of flats,
   then opened fire on the rebel positions, forcing Joyce and
   his men to retreat across open ground.
 • A party led by Lieut. Alan Ramsey broke open a small
   door next to the Rialto gate, but Ramsey was shot and
   killed, and the attack was repulsed.


These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                    The conflict (continued)

 • A second wave led by Capt. Warmington charged the door
   but Warmington, too, was killed. The remaining troops,
   trying to break in further along the wall, were enfiladed
   from Jameson's distillery in Marrowbone Lane.
 • Eventually the superior numbers and firepower of the
   British were decisive; they forced their way inside and the
   small rebel force in the tin huts at the eastern end of the
   Union surrendered.



These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
          Day 2 :Tuesday 25 April
 • British forces initially put their efforts into securing the
        approaches to Dublin Castle and isolating the rebel
        headquarters, which they believed was in Liberty Hall. The
        British commander, Brigadier-General W. H. M. Lowe,
        worked slowly, unsure of the size of the force he was up
        against, and with only 1,269 troops in the city when he
        arrived from the Curragh Camp in the early hours of
        Tuesday 25 April. City Hall was taken on Tuesday
        morning.
 • The rebel position at St Stephen's Green held by the
        Citizen Army under Michael Mallin, was made untenable
        after the British placed snipers and machine guns in the
        Shelbourne Hotel and surrounding buildings. As a result,
        Mallin's an Easter retreated found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
These resources are part of menRising lesson that can be to the Royal College of Surgeons.
                                  Tuesday 25 April
 • British forces put their efforts into securing the approaches
   to Dublin Castle and isolating the rebel headquarters,
   which they believed was in Liberty Hall.
 • The British commander, Brigadier-General W H M Lowe,
   worked slowly, unsure of the size of the force he was up
   against, and with only 1,269 troops in the city when he
   arrived from the Curragh Camp in the early hours of
   Tuesday 25 April.
 • City Hall was taken on Tuesday morning. The rebel
   position at St Stephen's Green held by the Citizen Army
   under Michael Mallin, was made untenable after the
   British placed snipers and machine guns in the
   Shelbourne Hotel and surrounding buildings. As a result,
   Mallin's men retreated to the Royal College of Surgeons.
These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
         Day 3: Wednesday 26 April
 • British firepower was provided by soldiers which they
   positioned on the northside of the city at Phibsborough
   and at Trinity College, and by the patrol vessel Helga,
   which sailed upriver from Kingstown.
 • On Wednesday, 26 April, the guns at Trinity College and
   Helga shelled Liberty Hall, and the Trinity College guns
   then began firing at rebel positions in O'Connell Street.
 • Reinforcements were sent to Dublin from England, and
   disembarked at Kingstown on the morning of 26 April.




These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                               The conflict raged
 • Heavy fighting occurred at the rebel-held positions around
   the Grand Canal as these troops advanced towards
   Dublin.
 • The Sherwood Foresters were repeatedly caught in a
   cross-fire trying to cross the canal at Mount Street.
   Seventeen Volunteers were able to severely disrupt the
   British advance.
 • The rebel position at the South Dublin Union, further west
   along the canal, also inflicted heavy losses on British
   troops trying to advance towards Dublin Castle.



These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                                 Saturday 29 April
 • The headquarters garrison, after days of shelling, were
   forced to abandon their headquarters when fire caused by
   the shells spread to the GPO. They tunnelled through the
   walls of the neighbouring buildings in order to evacuate
   the Post Office without coming under fire and took up a
   new position in Moore Street.
 • On Saturday 29 April, from this new headquarters, after
   realising that they could not break out of this position
   without further loss of civilian life, Pearse issued an order
   for all companies to surrender. Pearce surrendered
   unconditionally to Brigadier-General Lowe.


These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                                    Sunday 30 April
 • The surrender document read:
 • "In order to prevent the further slaughter of Dublin citizens,
        and in the hope of saving the lives of our followers now
        surrounded and hopelessly outnumbered, the members of
        the Provisional Government present at headquarters have
        agreed to an unconditional surrender, and the
        commandants of the various districts in the City and
        County will order their commands to lay down arms."



These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                                               The results
 • The Uprising was crushed after 7 days of fighting.
 • The leaders were arrested, court martialled and executed.
 • However, the Easter Rising did put Irish Republican
   beliefs back on the agenda.
 • In the 1918 elections, Sinn Fein won 73 of the 105 seats
   available in Northern Ireland
 • The Uprising led to the War of Independence of 1919.




These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk
                      Election Results 1918




These resources are part of an Easter Rising lesson that can be found at www.historyspeaksout.org.uk

								
To top