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UNDERSTANDING FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS

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UNDERSTANDING FIRST-YEAR STUDENTS Powered By Docstoc
					    South African students in the 21st Century:
  towards a holistic understanding of the First
                Year Experience



Presentation by André van Zyl
First Year Experience coordinator
                          Who are our students?

diverse excited               expectant

 proud                 hopeful confident

            unrealistic        anxious

 community hope 1st generation

anxious                 high achievers

FYE Seminar 20/10/09
                   And what do they find?


   information overload
         strange languages
     sharp responses new friends
         friendly faces crowds
         institutional silence
   unfamiliarity scary staff
   difficult accents
              incomprehensible texts

FYE Seminar
Many go from this . . .
Some stark facts




• We are working with the top 10% of
  our country’s young people
• Less than 50% of SA students achieve
  a qualification after 5 years
• Up to 30% of students drop out in
  their first year of study
        What is the FYE?


…a holistic programme which encompasses
all aspects of first year student experience
in the context of an invitational and
equitable institution. It comprises both
curricular and extra-curricular initiatives,
and is far more than a single event,
programme or course. It attempts to
establish an ethos and a way of life, through
which all first year students will experience
the transition into university life
FYE initiatives for 2010


• Placement testing
• Orientation
• Extended orientation
• Tracking students
• Tutors
• Co-curricular activities
• Residences as centres of academic
  excellence
Who are our students


• In groups of three to four, describe a
  typical UJ student
• Demographically
• School background
• Home background
• SES background
• Expectations
                                  Age cat
    Some pre-entry attributes…
                                                                 Cumulative
                             Frequency   Percent Valid Percent    Percent
Valid     a. Younger than 18       251       13.9         13.9         13.9
          b. 18                    864       47.7         47.8         61.7
          c. 19                    433       23.9         24.0         85.7
          d. 20                    138        7.6          7.6         93.4
          e. 21                     58        3.2          3.2         96.6
          f. 22                     16         .9           .9         97.5
          g. 23 or older            46        2.5          2.5        100.0
          Total                   1806       99.8       100.0
Missing   System                     4         .2
Total                             1810      100.0
                             Gender

                                                      Cumulative
                 Frequency    Percent Valid Percent    Percent
Valid     Male         431        23.8         23.9         23.9
          Female      1376        76.0         76.1        100.0
          Total       1807        99.8       100.0
Missing   System         3          .2
Total                 1810       100.0
Do you w orry that a lack of m oney will force you to abandon your studies?

                                                            Cumulative
                    Frequency      Percent Valid Percent     Percent
   Valid     a. Yes       702          38.8         39.0          39.0
             b. No       1100          60.8         61.0         100.0
             Total       1802          99.6       100.0
   Missing   System         8            .4
   Total                 1810         100.0
                  How w ill your studie s be financed during 2007?

                                                                               Cumulative
                                        Frequency   Percent    Valid Percent    Percent
Valid     a. My parents/family w ill
                                             734       40.6            57.4          57.4
          pay for my studies
          c. A loan (Bank, TEFSA
                                             297       16.4            23.2          80.6
          etc.)
          d. I have a bursary                 51         2.8            4.0          84.6
          e. I w ill w ork to pay for
                                              20         1.1            1.6          86.2
          my ow n studies
          f. A combination of the
                                             159         8.8           12.4          98.6
          answ ers given above
          b. My parents/family w ill
          pay for a part and for the          18         1.0            1.4         100.0
          rest I w ill borrow money
          Total                             1279       70.7           100.0
Missing   System                             531       29.3
Total                                       1810      100.0
                     Which s tate me nt bes t de s cribe s you?
        First Generation Status                                           Cumulative
                                 Frequency   Percent     Valid Percent     Percent
Valid     a. I am the first
          member of my family         666         36.8             37.1         37.1
          to attend university
          b. One of my parents
                                      246         13.6             13.7         50.8
          attended university
          c. Both my parents
                                       98          5.4              5.5         56.2
          attended university
          d. One or more of my
          brothers and sisters        334         18.5             18.6         74.8
          attended university
          e. Many members of
          my family (including
                                      453         25.0             25.2        100.0
          my parents) have
          attended university
          Total                      1797         99.3            100.0
Missing   System                       13           .7
Total                                1810        100.0
       Qualification of par ent w ith
    Family HE history highe st academ ic qualification
                                                                               Cumulative
                                        Frequency   Percent    Valid Percent    Percent
Valid     a. Some schooling but did
                                             235        13.0           18.4          18.4
          not finich matric
          b. Completed matric
                                             248        13.7           19.5          37.9
          (Grade 12) successfully
          c. Less than three years
                                             205        11.3           16.1          54.0
          studies after matric
          d. Three years of studies
          after matric (i.e. B-degree        254        14.0           19.9          73.9
          or diploma etc.)
          e. More than three years
                                             332        18.3           26.1         100.0
          studies after matric
          Total                             1274       70.4           100.0
Missing   System                             536       29.6
Total                                       1810      100.0
    Grade 12 performance


                      I think mak ing frie nds at UJ w ill be ...

                                                                           Cumulative
                                 Frequency     Percent     Valid Percent    Percent
Valid     a. Very tough                 99          5.5              5.5           5.5
          b. Somew hat difficult       418         23.1             23.2         28.7
          c. Relatively easy           870         48.1             48.3         77.0
          d. Very easy                 414         22.9             23.0        100.0
          Total                       1801         99.5           100.0
Missing   System                         9           .5
Total                                 1810        100.0
                            Mathematics

                                                            Cumulativ e
                        Frequency   Percent Valid Percent    Percent
Valid    Mathematics HG       166        9.2         13.2         13.2
         no                  1091       60.3         86.8        100.0
         Total               1257       69.4       100.0
Mis sing System               553       30.6
Total                        1810      100.0
    How w ould you des cr ibe the role of your family in your acade mic care er?

                                                                             Cumulative
                                      Frequency   Percent    Valid Percent    Percent
Valid     a. They are very
                                          1375        76.0           76.3          76.3
          supportive and helpful
          b. They don't care w hat
                                            10          .6             .6          76.8
          happens w ith my studies
          c. The put pressure on
                                            11          .6             .6          77.4
          me to be here
          d. The put pressure on
                                           185        10.2           10.3          87.7
          me to perform w ell
          e. They show some
          interest but are not very        222        12.3           12.3         100.0
          involved
          Total                           1803       99.6           100.0
Missing   System                             7         .4
Total                                     1810      100.0
        Have you considered enrolling for a different study programm e?

                                                                      Cumulativ e
                                  Frequency   Percent Valid Percent    Percent
Valid    a. No                         1045       57.7         58.1         58.1
         b. Yes, but I did not
                                       542       29.9          30.1         88.3
         change it
         c. Yes, and I changed
                                       211       11.7          11.7        100.0
         it to somethin g els e
         Total                        1798       99.3         100.0
Mis sing System                         12         .7
Total                                 1810      100.0
         How far aw ay from
        Commutingcam pus do you plan to live during your studie s?
                            students
                                                                              Cumulative
                                       Frequency   Percent    Valid Percent    Percent
Valid       a. On campus                     254       14.0            14.1         14.1
            b. Within easy w alking
                                            337        18.6           18.8          32.9
            distance from campus
            c. Less than 20 minutes
            by car or bus aw ay from        341        18.8           19.0          51.9
            campus
            d. Betw een 20 minutes
            and 1 hour per car or           646        35.7           35.9          87.8
            bus aw ay from campus
            e. More than 1 hour per
            car or bus aw ay from           219        12.1           12.2         100.0
            campus
            Total                          1797       99.3           100.0
Missing     System                           13         .7
Total                                      1810      100.0
  How m any hours per w ee k did you s pe nd on hom ew ork and studying?
    Previous study habits                                             Cumulative
                               Frequency   Percent    Valid Percent    Percent
Valid     a. Less than 5
                                    215        11.9           16.8          16.8
          hours per w eek
          b. Betw een 5 and
                                    413        22.8           32.4          49.2
          10 hours per w eek
          c. Betw een 10 and
                                    331        18.3           25.9          75.2
          15 hours per w eek
          d. Betw een 15 and
                                    214        11.8           16.8          91.9
          20 hours per w eek
          e. More than 20
                                    103         5.7            8.1         100.0
          hours per w eek
          Total                    1276       70.5           100.0
Missing   System                    534       29.5
Total                              1810      100.0
    How m any hours per w ee k do you plan to study during this ye ar (2007)?

                                                                           Cumulative
                                    Frequency   Percent    Valid Percent    Percent
Valid     a. Less than 10 - 2
                                         130         7.2            7.2            7.2
          hours or less per day
          b. Betw een 10 and 15 -
                                         376       20.8            20.9          28.1
          up to 2.5 hours per day
          c. Betw een 15 and 25 -
                                         664       36.7            36.8          64.9
          2.5-4 hours per day
          d. Betw een 25 and 35 -
                                         495       27.3            27.5          92.3
          4-6 hours per day
          e. More than 35 - 7
                                         138         7.6            7.7         100.0
          hours or more per day
          Total                         1803       99.6           100.0
Missing   System                           7         .4
Total                                   1810      100.0
Which of the follow ing re as ons w ould be s t de scribe w hy you are s tudying for a de gree ?

                                                                                   Cumulativ e
                                           Frequenc y   Percent    Valid Percent    Percent
   Valid      a. Because I really w ant to       581        32.1            32.2         32.2
              b. Because I don't know
                                                  30         1.7            1.7          33.9
              w hat els e to do next
              c. Because my parents or
                                                  13          .7             .7          34.6
              family w ant me to
              d. Because I don't w ant to
                                                   8          .4             .4          35.1
              start w orking y et
              e. To improv e my future
                                                 860        47.5           47.7          82.8
              job opportunities
              h. Other reas ons                   46         2.5            2.6          85.3
              f. To get aw ay from home            2          .1             .1          85.4
              g. To learn about things
                                                 263        14.5           14.6         100.0
              that really interest me
              Total                             1803       99.6           100.0
   Mis sing   System                               7         .4
   Total                                       1810       100.0
    English rating


                                    English is:

                                                                      Cumulative
                                  Frequency   Percent Valid Percent    Percent
Valid     a. My first language          791       43.7         43.8         43.8
          b. My second language         948       52.4         52.5         96.3
          c. My third language           54        3.0          3.0         99.3
          d. My fourth or further
                                         12          .7          .7        100.0
          language
          Total                        1805        99.7       100.0
Missing   System                          5          .3
Total                                 1810        100.0
Understanding our students


• Is it important?
• Who are they?
• The concepts of cultural capital and
  habitus
• The role of the FYE
Questions and/or comments


• X 3285
• andrevz@uj.ac.za

				
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