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					                                                                 XYZ Marine Inc.




   STS TRANSFER OPERATIONS PLAN
           For compliance with MARPOL Annex I, Resolution MEPC.186(59)




                                       Rev. #

                                        Date




                     Ship Name                         IMO No.




                             Name of Owner / Manager

                                   Address Line 1

                                   Address Line 2

                                 Telephone / Telefax




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan
                                                              XYZ Marine Inc.

Revision History


 Rev. No.          Section   Description of Revision   Date          Sign




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan             2
                                                                              XYZ Marine Inc.

MODEL PLAN GUIDANCE

This page is included to provide guidance to the user for preparing a STS transfer operations
plan (STS Plan) and should be deleted before publishing the final document.

Body Text

The text appearing in regular font under each section heading is the recommended textual
explanation or description of the subject of reference. However, the user is free to modify,
change or expand as deemed appropriate.

Boxed Text

Text or bullet lists enclosed in a box and displayed in red (see example box below) are
included to provide additional guidance for filling in the ship-specific information/data based
on the ship‟s specifications, operational procedures and practices.

Where applicable, a sample section or paragraph, bullet list or table is provided as further
guidance and reference to the user.


     Provide confirmation that the ship compatibility in design and equipment between the
      two tankers has been verified.
     Confirm also that the moorings and associated STS equipment are in good order.


Optional Section

If a section marked “Optional” within the boxed text is deemed inapplicable for the vessel and
to this model plan, the section heading may be retained and the content of that specific
section should be “Not Applicable”

Appendices

Ship-specific plans, drawings or technical information relevant to the STS transfer operation
can be included as appendices within this STS Plan. Appendices should be in sequence and
be titled according to their contents.




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                     3
                                                                     XYZ Marine Inc.

TABLE OF CONTENTS



PART A – MAIN DOCUMENT

1.    INTRODUCTION

      1.1    STS Transfer Operation Plan
      1.2    Regulatory Requirements

2.    SHIP PARTICULARS AND RELEVANT INFORMATION

3.    STS OPERATION AND MANAGEMENT

      3.1    STS Transfer Operation Process
      3.2    STS Management
      3.3    Control of Operations
      3.4    Use of STS Service Provider

4.    CONDITIONS AND REQUIREMENTS

      4.1    STS Transfer Area
      4.2    Coastal State Requirements
      4.3    Notifications and Approval from Authorities
      4.4    Weather and Operating Conditions
      4.5    Ship Compatibility in Design and Equipment
      4.6    Considerations for Reverse Lightering
      4.7    Company‟s Operational Policy

5.    COMMUNICATIONS

      5.1    Working Language
      5.2    Pre-arrival Communications
      5.3    Communication During Approach, Transfer and Unmooring
      5.4    Procedures for Communication Failure

6.    EQUIPMENT

      6.1    Fenders
      6.2    Hoses and Connections
      6.3    Mooring Equipment
      6.4    Ship‟s Crane for Personnel Transfer
      6.5    Lighting


M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                  4
                                                                XYZ Marine Inc.

7.    SAFETY AND EMERGENCIES

      7.1    Risk Assessment
      7.2    Contingency Planning
      7.3    Oil Spill Contingency Plan
      7.4    Prevention of Human Fatigue
      7.5    Safety Drills
      7.6    STS Safety Check -Lists
      7.7    Transfer Stage Meetings
      7.8    Safety Issues During Cargo Transfer
      7.9    Safe Watchkeeping
      7.10   Helicopter Operations
      7.11   Emergencies
      7.12   Incident Reporting

8.    OPERATIONAL PREPARATIONS BEFORE MANOEUVERING

      8.1    Preparation of Ships
      8.2    Fendering Operation
      8.2    Joint Plan of Operation
      8.3    Navigation Signals

9.    MANUUVERING AND MOORING

      9.1    Basic Berthing Principles
      9.2    Maneuvering Alongside with Two Ships Under Power
      9.3    STS Maneuvers
      9.4    Mooring Preparations

10.   CARGO TRANSFER (PROCEDURES ALONGSIDE)

      10.1   Pre-Transfer Procedures
      10.2   Planning for Cargo Transfer
      10.3   Performance of Cargo Transfer
      10.4   STS Transfer Using Vapor Balancing
      10.5   Operations After Completion of Cargo Transfer
      10.6   Suspension of Operations

11.   UNMOORING

      11.1   Unmooring While One Ship is at Anchor
      11.2   Unmooring After an Underway Transfer
      11.3   Unmooring Checks
      11.4   Unberthing Considerations


M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                 5
                                                                      XYZ Marine Inc.

12.   REPORTING ON STS COMPLETION

      12.1   Notification to Authorities
      12.2   Report to Company
      12.3   Record Keeping of STS Operations

13.   REFERENCES


APPENDIX 1 RELEVANT SHIP PLANS

                   General Arrangement
                   Cargo Tank Arrangement and Capacities
                   Cargo Handling System Schematic
                   Anchor Handling and Mooring Arrangement




PART B – TECHNICAL INFORMATION ON STS OPERATIONS

B.1   OPERATIONAL SAFETY CHECK LISTS

            CHECK-LIST 1 – Pre-Fixture Information (for each ship)
            CECHK-LIST 2 – Before Operations Commence
            CHECK-LIST 3 – Before Run-in and Mooring
            CHECK-LIST 4 – Before Cargo Transfer
            CHECK-LIST 5 – Before Unmooring

B.2   STS OPERATIONS – GULF OF MEXICO




PART C – SAMPLE STS TRANSFER OPERATION LOG AND STS RECORD BOOK
         (OPTIONAL)

C.1   SAMPLE STS TRANSFER OPERATION LOG

C.2   STS RECORD BOOK




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                 6
                                                                             XYZ Marine Inc.

PART A - MAIN DOCUMENT

1.       INTRODUCTION

1.1      STS Transfer Operation Plan

This ship-specific Ship-to-Ship Transfer Operation Plan (STS Plan) has been prepared for
Ship Name pursuant to the requirements described in MARPOL Annex I, as amended by
IMO Resolution MEPC.186(59), Chapter 8: Prevention of Pollution during Transfer of Oil
Cargo between Oil Tankers at Sea, Regulations 40 – 42.

The main purpose of the ship-specific STS Plan is to provide guidance to the masters and
officers directly involved in ship-to-ship transfer operations with respect to the steps,
procedures and good operating practices for the planning and conduct of a safe transfer
operation without risk to the environment.

This STS Plan has been developed taking into account the guidance information contained in
the best practice guidelines for STS operations as identified by the International Maritime
Organization (IMO) in the following two documents:

               IMO‟s “Manual on Oil Pollution, Section I, Prevention” as amended (IMO
                Manual) and

               ICS and OCIMF “Ship to Ship Transfer Guide, Petroleum”, fourth edition, 2005
                (STS Guide)

     Add reference to the Company‟s internal management and operational manuals as
     deemed appropriate.
     Example:
     Additional supplementary instructions and guidelines, based on the Company‟s
     management policy and operational standards, as well as the ship‟s specification and
     operational conditions, have also been included in this STS Plan.

This ship-specific STS Plan contains three (3) parts:

               Part A is the main documentation of the STS operation process and
                procedures, as well as specific instructions and guidance to the masters and
                crew for a safe conduct of the ship-to-ship oil transfer operations.

               Part B contains the STS operational/safety checklists and other general
                technical references or supporting information related to STS operations.

               Part C is essentially a STS Record Book - a compilation of the individual
                records of the STS operations taking place on the ship. The use of it is
                optional.

                      Recordkeeping of the STS operations is a regulatory requirement.
                       Specific requirements are discussed in Section 12.3 of the STS Plan.
                      A sample STS transfer operation log form has been provided for use.


M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                      7
                                                                             XYZ Marine Inc.

                     Other appropriate formats or templates can be used.
                    The use of the STS Record Book is optional.

This ship-specific STS Plan has been approved by ABS on behalf of the Administration, and
except as indicated below, any alterations or revisions to this Plan will require re-approval.

             Changes to the Part B (containing STS safety check-lists and general
              technical and supporting information) will not require re-approval.

             Approval is not required for Part C, but, if used, the records of STS operations
              are to be retained on board the ship.

1.2    Regulatory Requirements

IMO Resolution MEPC.186(59) amends the MARPOL 78/73 Annex I by introducing a new
Chapter 8 containing Regulations 40, 41 and 42, regarding the prevention of pollution during
transfer of oil cargo between oil tankers at sea, while underway or at anchor.

The new Regulations will enter into force on 1 January 2011. They apply to oil tankers of 150
gross tonnage and above engaged in STS transfer operations at sea and their operation
conducted on or after 1 April 2012.

Some of the key requirements are as follows:

             Any oil tanker involved in STS operations will be required to have on board an
              approved STS operation plan no later than the first annual, intermediate or
              renewal survey on or after 1 January 2011.

             The STS Plan may be incorporated into an existing Safety Management
              System (SMS) required by SOLAS Chapter IX, as amended, if that
              requirement is applicable to the oil tanker in question.

             All STS operations are to be recorded in the ship‟s Oil Record Book and
              retained on board for at least three years. The records are to be made readily
              available for inspection.

             The Person in Overall Advisory Control (POAC) of STS operations is to be
              qualified to perform the relevant duties taking into account the qualifications
              contained in the best practices guidelines for STS operations in the previously
              mentioned documents.

             Any oil tanker that is subject to the Regulations and plans STS operations
              within the territorial sea or the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) of a Party to
              the MARPOL Convention is required to notify the relevant coastal State
              authority at least 48 hours in advance of any STS operations.

             The STS plan is to be written in the working language of the ship‟s Master and
              crew.

             A copy of the approved STS Plan should be available on board the ship in the
              bridge, at the cargo transfer station and in the engine room.

M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                      8
                                                                                 XYZ Marine Inc.

2.        SHIP PARTICULARS AND RELEVANT INFORMATION

The ship‟s particulars of registration, principal dimensions and other relevant ship-specific
information are given below:

          Provide the particulars of registration and principal dimensions of the vessel as per
           the ship‟s specification
          Include the following ship plans that are relevant to the STS operation:
               o General arrangement
               o Cargo tank arrangement and capacity plan
               o Cargo handling system schematic and manifold details
               o Anchoring and mooring arrangement plan
               o etc.


     Sample ship particulars table for reference
 .
         Ship Name                   Ship Name

         IMO No.                     NNNNNNN

         Flag / Port of Registry     United States / Wilmington, DE

         International Call Sign     SA6PT

         LOA x B X D x T             174 x 32.2 x 18.2 x 11 m

         Deadweight                  54,100 mt

         Gross Tonnage               29, 200 mt

         Service Speed               14.5 knots

         Deck Crane                  Two located midships, SWL 15 mt

         Class Society               American Bureau of Shipping

         Class No.                   XXXXXXX

         Class Notations             +A1, Oil Carrier, (E), +AMS, +ACCU, VEC-L, SH,
                                     SHCM, UWILD, TCM, ESP, ACP



A general arrangement of the vessel is given below.

     Sample general arrangement plan for reference




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                          9
                                                                             XYZ Marine Inc.




The following ship-specific plans relevant to STS operations are given in Appendix 1.

             Cargo tank arrangement and capacity plan
             Cargo handling system schematic and manifold details
             Anchor handling and mooring arrangement




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                    10
                                                                              XYZ Marine Inc.

3.     STS OPERATION AND MANAGEMENT

3.1    STS Transfer Operation Process

Ship-to-ship transfer operations, also known as lightering operations, are operations where
crude oil or petroleum products are transferred between seagoing tank ships moored
alongside each other at sea. Such operations can take place when one ship is at anchor or
both are underway at very low speed. In general, the operation includes the approach
maneuver, berthing, mooring, hose connecting, transfer of cargo, hose disconnecting,
unmooring, unberthing and departure maneuver.

The STS transfer operations include:

              the conventional or standard lightering process, where the discharging vessel
               is fully loaded, while the receiving vessel is in ballast condition

              the reverse lightering process, sometimes referred to as “topping-off”, where
               the laden supply tanker discharges to a partially laden receiving tanker.




In general, the STS transfer operation process can be divided into six (6) phases as outlined
in the following table:

 Phase                            Description
 I. Pre-arrival Planning          STS management, ship information exchange, ship
                                  compatibility, cargo handling compatibility, transfer area,
                                  transfer area & coastal State requirements, notification,
                                  quality verification of STS provider, STS equipment,
                                  safety management and contingency planning
 II. Arrival Preparation          Joint plan of operation, control of operation, establish
                                  communications, review and agree operational
                                  procedures, operational safety issues and emergencies,
                                  navigational signals, assign watch keeping responsibilities
 III Approach and Mooring         Maneuvering alongside, maneuver control, maneuvering

M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                    11
                                                                               XYZ Marine Inc.

                                   with one ship at anchor, mooring arrangement,
                                   preparation and considerations, weather considerations
 IV. Cargo Transfer                Pre-transfer procedure, responsibility of cargo operations,
                                   cargo transfer, and operations after completion of cargo
                                   transfer
 V. Unmooring and Unberthing       Review unmooring plan, unmooring procedures while one
                                   ship is at anchor, unmooring after underway transfer, and
                                   unberthing procedure
 VI. Reporting                     Reporting to the coastal State authority and company,
                                   record keeping of STS operations


Typically, the involved parties of an STS operation include the following:

                Discharging tanker and its crew
                Receiving tanker and its crew
                Ships‟ owners/managers
                Charterers
                Cargo owners
                STS service provider (or STS operator) – which normally provides the STS
                 Superintendent (or Mooring Master) and the necessary STS equipment,
                 including fenders and support vessel.

Ship-to-ship transfer of oil cargo at sea is a highly specialized operation and can be high risk
if not performed by skilled and experienced individuals using suitable and well-maintained
equipment. Hence, if the Masters are inexperienced in STS operations, it is strongly
recommended that a STS service provider (or STS operator) be employed to provide the
trained and experienced STS Superintendent and suitable and maintained STS equipment.

3.2     STS Management

STS Organizer is a shore-based operator responsible for planning and arranging an STS
transfer operation. The STS Organizer may be the shipping company or a contracted STS
service provider.

The participants involved in a STS operation vary depending on the availability of STS
equipment on board the participating vessels, the experience of the ships‟ crew and Masters,
and the locations where the transfer takes place.

The STS Guide encourages the STS management approach to follow the principles of the
bridge team management approach for the management, planning and execution of STS
transfer operations.

  Expand this section as necessary according to the Company‟s operations policy and
  approach to STS management.

3.3     Control of Operations

3.3.1   Person in Overall Advisory Control (POAC)

M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                     12
                                                                               XYZ Marine Inc.


The STS transfer operation should be under the advisory control of one designated Person in
Overall Advisory Control (POAC), who will either be one of the Masters of the vessels
concerned, or a third-party STS Superintendent (also called Mooring Master or Lightering
Master/Coordinator) employed through a STS Service Provider. This POAC is designated to
assist the masters in the mooring and unmooring of the ships and to coordinate and
supervise the entire transfer operation.

It is not intended that the POAC in any way relieves the ship‟s Master of any of his duties,
requirements or responsibilities.

Specific duties and responsibilities of the designated POAC include the following:

        .1    Review the STS plan and recommend adjustments for that particular
              operation;

        .2    Conduct the cargo transfer, mooring and unmooring operations in accordance
              with the approved STS plan and applicable regulations and requirements;

        .3    Advise the Master(s) of the critical phases of the cargo transfer, mooring and
              unmooring operations;

        .4    Carry out the provisions of the contingency plan in the event of a spill;

        .5    Properly brief the crewmembers involved in each aspect of the operations so
              that they understand their responsibilities;

        .6    Confirm that proper, effective communication has been established between
              the two tankers, and that appropriate checks have been completed, prior to
              attempting approach and mooring operations;

        .7    Verify that a pre-safety check is undertaken in accordance with accepted
              industry guidance;

        .8    Verify that appropriate checks are undertaken prior to unmooring;

        .9    Verify that all required reports are made to the appropriate authorities

The POAC and the Master(s) of the vessels should have the authority to request suspension
or termination of the STS operation should they have any concerns related to the safety
and/or operational integrity of the operations or risk of accident.

Regulation 41 places emphasis on the qualification of the POAC of a STS operation, and
specific guidance and requirements are given in the IMO Manual.

3.3.2   Vessel Master and Crewmembers Involved in STS Operations

        .1    Throughout the entire period of STS operations, the ship‟s Master remains
              fully responsible at all times for the safe operation of his own vessel, including
              (but not limited to) navigation, deck and mooring watches, cargo transfer
              procedures and emergency response.


M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                    13
                                                                            XYZ Marine Inc.

      .2         A crewmember is to be designated as the person in charge of the cargo
                 transfer operation during each watch and throughout the operation.

      .3         All others crewmembers involved in the STS operation – title, location and
                 duties are to be indicated in the STS Plan.

3.4   Use of STS Service Provider

  Optional
       A paragraph can be added here to indicate Company‟s policy for using a
        dedicated STS service provider (and STS Superintendent) for its STS operations.
       If the Company has vetted the STS service provider, it is appropriate to indicate
        and confirm:
             o    Assessment of the provider‟s operational standards, performance records
                  and experience
             o    Assessment of the qualification and experience of the STS Superintendent
             o    Compatibility and condition of STS equipment


  Sample Paragraph:
  It is the Company‟s policy that, when appropriate and so determined, STS operations
  are to be conducted under the supervision and guidance of a local, dedicated STS
  Service Provider, who will be responsible for coordinating safe and efficient operations,
  supplying the required equipment and conducting the operations in accordance with the
  approved STS Plan and applicable regulations and requirements.


  Additional Note:
  The ICS/OCIMF STS Guide gives emphasis to the qualification and quality assessment of
  the selected STS Service Provider. In early 2009, OCIMF initiated the development of “A
  Guide for Service Providers and Assessment of Suitability” covering the operating
  standards for STS service providers and standards for a STS Superintendent‟s
  qualification, experience and workload. This new Guide is due to be published soon.
  Hence, ship owners/operators or STS organizers are recommended to refer to             the
  forthcoming publication concerning STS transfers.




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                     14
                                                                              XYZ Marine Inc.

4.     CONDITIONS AND REQUIREMENTS

4.1    STS Transfer Area

The STS transfer area should be specially selected for safe operation, in coordination with
the appropriate coastal State authorities. During the pre-arrival planning phase, the STS
Organizer should take into account the following in selecting the area for STS transfer:

              Notify and obtain appropriate approval from the applicable Coastal authority
              The traffic density in the selected transfer area
              The need for sufficient sea-room and water depth required for maneuvering
               during approach, mooring and unmooring
              Availability of safe anchorage with good holding ground
              Forecast weather conditions and availability of weather reports in the selected
               transfer area
              Distance from shore logistic support and availability of emergency and oil spill
               response capability
              Proximity to environmentally sensitive areas
              Locations of underwater pipelines, cables, artificial reefs or historic sites.
              Potential security threats

4.2    Coastal State Requirements

Where a STS transfer operation is arranged within the territorial waters or the exclusive
economic zone (EEZ) of a country, the STS Organizer should check the local and national
regulations to ensure compliance with the requirements applicable to STS operations.

4.3    Notification and Approval from Authorities

In planning the STS operation, the STS Organizer should first obtain approval or, where
applicable, request permission from the applicable coastal State authority of the selected
transfer area.

Prior to the arrival at the designated STS transfer location, the STS Organizer should verify
that both vessel masters have given the required notifications to the appropriate coastal
State authority. Regulation 42 requires the notification be sent to the authority not less than
48 hours in advance of the scheduled STS operation. The notification is to include at least
the following information:

              Name, flag, call sign, IMO number and estimated time of arrival of the vessels
               involved in the STS operation;
              Date, time and geographical location at the commencement of the planned
               STS operation
              Whether the STS operation is to be conducted at anchor or underway
              Oil type and quantity
              Planned duration of the STS operation
              Identification of STS service provider or person in overall advisory control
               (POAC) and contact information; and
              Confirmation of approved STS Plan on board the vessels




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                     15
                                                                              XYZ Marine Inc.

If the estimated time of arrival of a tanker for the STS operation changes by more than six (6)
hours, the STS Organizer, Master, owner or agent of that tanker is to provide a revised
estimated time of arrival to the authority.

4.4         Weather and Operating Conditions

4.4.1       Weather Guidelines

It is impractical to lay down the limiting weather conditions under which a STS operation can
be carried out because much will depend on the effect of the sea and swell on the fenders
and the movements induced in the participating vessels, taking account of their relative
displacement and freeboard.

STS operations in locations subject to long period waves should be treated with caution.

When a STS transfer is to take place at anchor, the combined effect of current and weather
conditions on the movements of the moored tankers and the ultimate stress on the anchor
cable should be carefully considered.

Available weather forecasts for the transfer area, supplemented by information from facsimile
weather records, are to be obtained before operations begin.

Throughout the berthing operation, visibility conditions are required to be safe for
maneuvering, taking into account navigation and collision avoidance requirements.

  Provide clear information on the weather condition limitations for this vessel based on
  the ship‟s specification, the Company‟s operational policy or the coastal State‟s
  requirements.


  Sample Paragraph:
  The following are the Company‟s guidelines on weather condition limits on STS
  operations applicable to the Gulf of Mexico:
             Three (3) meters swell height or more; or
             30-knot winds or more, or
             Less than one (1) mile visibility.


4.4.2       Night-Time Operations

Special caution should be exercised when berthing and mooring in the hours of darkness.
Adequate lighting must be used to ascertain the sea condition.

  Provide clear information on the conditions and guidelines for night-time berthing and
  mooring, transfer, or unmooring operation based on the Company‟s operational policy.

4.5         Ship Compatibility in Design and Equipment



M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                          16
                                                                                XYZ Marine Inc.

When planning the STS operations, the STS Organizer should verify that the tankers
involved are compatible in design and equipment. Various recommendations are given in the
ICS/OCIMF STS Guide.

Dimension compatibility – overall dimensions, freeboard, the position of manifolds, mooring
points and fenders

Mooring compatibility – size and quality of mooring lines, winches, closed fairleads and other
mooring related equipment.

Cargo handling compatibility – size and number of manifolds to be used, the
minimum/maximum expected height of cargo manifold, the freeboard differences, the hose
supports and other cargo handling related equipment and conditions.

Refer to the initial information required in the STS Safety Check-List 1 in Part B.1.

     Provide confirmation that the ship compatibility in design and equipment between the
      two tankers has been verified.
     Confirm also that the moorings and associated STS equipment are in good order.

4.6    Considerations for Reverse Lightering

In the reverse lightering operations when two nearly fully loaded tankers are maneuvering
alongside, the issue of fender selection is critical. In 2009, OCIMF published a paper to
provide additional guidance and recommendations on the aspects of berthing and approach
maneuvering in reverse lightering operations.

The STS Guide provides a quick reference guide in Table 9.1 for fender selection in
conventional STS (or lightering) operations. The procedure is based on the berthing
coefficient and an assumed relative berthing velocity. The berthing coefficient is determined
by calculation based on the displacement of the two tankers.

When planning for reverse lightering, OCIMF recommends that the fender selection be
based on the calculation of berthing energy using the formula given in Appendix 2 of the STS
Guide, which takes into account the approach velocities.

The OCIMF paper also recommends a risk assessment on reverse lightering be carried out
to provide a good understanding of the operational hazards associated with such operations
and the means by which they can be managed.

4.7    Company’s Operational Policy


  Optional
  Provide clear information on additional Company‟s operational policies related to STS
  operations and/or those imposed by the Charterers, for examples:
            Company‟s drug & alcohol policy
            Company‟s vessel security manual



M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                      17
                                                                             XYZ Marine Inc.

5.      COMMUNICATIONS

Good, reliable and understandable communications between all concerned parties is an
essential element for the successful planning and safe conduct of the STS transfer
operations.

5.1     Working Language

Communications between the oil tankers should be in a common language mutually agreed
upon and known to all personnel involved in the STS transfer operations.

5.2     Pre-arrival Communications

5.2.1   Instructions Given to the Ship by the STS Organizer

              A description of the planned STS operation, including the transfer area, local
               and national STS regulations, where applicable, and contact information of
               responsible coastal State authority
              Identification of the Person in Overall Advisory Control (POAC) and contact
               information
              Contact information for the STS service provider and/or STS Superintendent,
               if applicable
              Details of STS equipment, logistic support and personnel to be provided.

5.2.2   Information from the Other Ship

              Confirmation of system integrity, e.g., navigational, machinery, steering gear,
               cargo system, COW, IGS, fire-fighting, mooring equipment, derrick or cranes,
               etc.
              Cargo details
              Confirmation of arrival draft, freeboard, height of manifolds above waterline,
               including expected maximum manifold height during discharge
              Confirmation of the estimated time of arrival at the transfer area
              Confirmation that the ship complies with applicable local and national
               requirements.

5.2.3   Initial Communications between Tankers

              The oil tankers should establish initial communications as early as practicable
               to plan the operations and to confirm the transfer area.
              POAC must be confirmed
              Details of intended operations, including approach, mooring, cargo transfer
               and unmooring plans should be established, discussed and agreed, together
               with the joint use of the operational check-lists.

M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                    18
                                                                          XYZ Marine Inc.


5.3   Communications During Approach, Transfer and Unmooring

      .1     As the tankers come to the transfer area, contact should be established on the
             appropriate VHF channel at the earliest opportunity, thereafter switching to a
             mutually agreed working channel.

      .2     Subject to safety precautions in Chapter 7 of the Plan, portable radios are
             invaluable for inter-ship communications during mooring and cargo transfer
             operations, and both tankers should have available portable radios which are
             capable of working on the same frequencies

      .3     Ship‟s officers responsible for mooring stations should be provided with
             portable radios.

      .4     Essential personnel on board both tankers involved in the STS operations
             should be provided with a reliable, common means of communication,
             including a back-up system, for the duration of the operation.

5.4   Procedures for Communication Failure

      .1     In the event of a significant failure of communication occurring during an
             approach maneuver, the maneuver should be aborted if appropriate and safe
             to do so, and the subsequent actions taken by each oil tanker should be
             indicated by the appropriate sound signals as prescribed in the COLREGS.

      .2     In the event of a communication breakdown on either ship during cargo
             operations, the emergency signal should be sounded and all operations in
             progress should be suspended immediately if it is safe to do so. Operations
             should not be resumed until satisfactory communications have been re-
             established.




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                                                                              XYZ Marine Inc.

6.     EQUIPMENT

Prior to starting the STS transfer operation, the Masters of the oil tankers should exchange
information concerning the availability, readiness and compatibility of the STS equipment to
be used in the operation. Key STS equipment includes fenders, hoses and connections, and
mooring equipment.

6.1    Fenders

       .1     The oil tanker(s) should be provided with fenders (primary and secondary).
              The fender selection and arrangement should be capable of handling the
              anticipated berthing energies and be able to distribute the forces evenly over
              the appropriate area of the hulls of both oil tankers.

       .2     When planning a reverse lightering operation, consideration should be given
              to using high fenders with higher energy absorption. In that, the berthing
              energy should be calculated using the formula in Appendix 2 of the STS Guide
              to determine the required fender absorption capacity and then select the size
              of fenders.

       .3     Except in cases where the STS transfer is conducted using a dedicated
              lightering ship, it is most probable that fendering operations will be carried out
              with the assistance of an STS service provider and with their service craft and
              fenders.

       .4     Fenders may be secured on either oil tanker. However, landing on an
              unprotected hull section is less likely if the fenders are rigged on the
              maneuvering ship and it is therefore preferable that fenders be secured to that
              ship.

       .5     The Person in Overall Advisory Control (POAC) should advise the position
              and method of rigging and securing the fenders to the oil tankers in advance
              of the berthing and mooring operation.

6.2    Hoses and Connections

       .1     The hoses for the STS transfer of crude oils or petroleum products should be
              specially designed and constructed for the product being handled and the
              purpose for which they are being used.

       .2     Hoses used should comply with BS EN1765 with regard to specification for
              the assemblies and with BS1435-2 and OCIMF Guidelines [Ref.6] with regard
              to their handling, storage, inspection and testing. All hoses should have the
              unique identification markings and the valid pressure test certificate.

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                                                                               XYZ Marine Inc.


      .3     Prior to connection, all hoses should be visually examined to determine their
             apparent condition and cleanliness. If damage to a hose or flange is present,
             the hose should be withdrawn from use.

      .4     Hose connections are to be well made. Flanges or quick release couplings, if
             used, should be in good condition and properly secured to provide oil tight
             connections.

      .5     It is recommended that the tankers involved in a STS transfer be fitted with
             cargo manifolds designed in accordance with the OCIMF Recommendations
             for Oil Tanker Manifolds and Associated Equipment with regard to flange size,
             manifold strength, hose support arrangements, lifting gear, etc.

      .6     When a STS service provider supplies the cargo hoses, the Master or STS
             Organizer should ascertain the age and condition of the hoses to be used and
             verify the hose specification and certification for fitness for the intended
             service.

6.3   Mooring Equipment

      .1     To provide secure moorings, it is important that both ships are equipped with
             good quality mooring lines, efficient winches and sufficient strong closed
             fairleads, bitts and other associated mooring equipment appropriate for the
             intended purpose.

      .2     All fairleads used should be of the enclosed types, except on a ship that will
             always have a substantially greater freeboard than the other.

      .3     A prime consideration in mooring during STS operation is to provide fairleads
             and bitts for all lines without the possibility of lines chafing against each other,
             the ships, or the fenders.

      .4     Steel wire mooring lines should be fitted with synthetic fiber tails to provide the
             additional elasticity required for STS mooring arrangements.

      .5     When high modulus synthetic fiber ropes are used as ship‟s moorings, the
             ropes should be fitted with soft rope tails to provide additional elasticity and to
             reduce the susceptibility to fatigue failure. See OCIMF Mooring Equipment
             Guidelines [Ref. 8]

      .6     A minimum of four strong rope messengers should be available on both ships,
             preferably made from a buoyant synthetic fiber material of 40 mm diameter.


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                                                                            XYZ Marine Inc.

6.4    Ship’s Crane for Personnel Transfer

       .1     In general, it is recommended that the transfer of personnel between the ships
              be kept to an absolute minimum. If personnel transfer is unavoidable, only
              cranes suitable for personnel transfer should be used and the transfer should
              only be undertaken in suitable prevailing weather conditions and sea state and
              when there are sufficient personnel in attendance to safely conduct all aspects
              of the transfer.

       .2     All the associated risks should be assessed and mitigating actions are to be
              identified through an onboard risk assessment.

       .3     Additional recommendations and guidance instructions are found in the STS
              Guide.

6.5    Lighting

During a STS transfer at night, normal in-port deck lighting should be adequate. The
minimum recommended lighting is five (5) footcandles (lumens) at the transfer connection
points and one (1) footcandle in the oil transfer work areas (measured one meter above the
deck). Flameproof portable spotlights and bridge wing spotlights are useful for night mooring
and unmooring operations.




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7.        SAFETY ISSUES AND EMERGENCIES

Throughout the entire period of STS transfer operations, each ship‟s Master remains at all
times responsible for the safety of his own ship, its crew, cargo and equipment and should
not permit safety to be prejudiced by the actions of others. Each ship‟s Master should require
and verify that the procedures outlined in this STS Plan are followed and, in addition, that
internationally accepted safety standards are maintained. In this regard, the procedures and
guidelines given in the following are to be compiled with:

                    OCIMF International Safety Guide for Oil Tankers and Terminals (ISGOTT)
                    ICS/OCIMF Ship-to-Ship Transfer Guide, Petroleum, Chapter 3

 List other relevant safety manuals of the Company, as deemed appropriate, e.g.,
             Ship Operations Management System (SOMS), Manual # OPM-0009
             Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan (SOPEP), Manual # OPM-0034
             Vessel Response Plan (VRP), Manual # OPM-0035
             etc.

7.1       Risk Assessment

          .1         A risk assessment study is required for STS transfer operations in order to
                     provide a good understanding of the operations and the associated risks. In
                     conducting the risk assessment, the following should be considered for each
                     adverse event:

                           Identify the hazards associated with the operations (e.g., collision, fire,
                            mooring failure, cargo vapor emissions, H2S content, hose failure,
                            heavy weather, etc.)
                           Evaluate and assess the risk according to the probability and
                            consequence
                           Identify the means by which to prevent and/or mitigate the hazards
                           Develop contingency plans and response procedures for managing the
                            emergencies
                           Document the risk assessment process and results for record keeping
                            and future reference and use

          .2         The scope of the risk assessment study should cover all applicable
                     operational hazards and the measures adopted for mitigating the identified
                     risks and be sufficient to confirm the following key points as identified by the
                     IMO Manual.

                           Adequate training, preparation or qualification of the oil tanker‟s
                            personnel
                           Suitable preparation of the oil tanker for the intended operations and
                            sufficient control over the oil tanker during operations
                           Proper understanding of signals and commands
                           Adequate number of crew assigned to controlling and performing oil
                            transfer operations
                           Suitability of the agreed STS Plan

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                                                                               XYZ Marine Inc.

                     Adequate communications between the responsible person(s) on the
                      oil tankers involved in the transfer
                     Proper attention given to the difference in freeboard or the listing of the
                      oil tankers when transferring cargo
                     Condition of the transfer hoses
                     Methods of securely connecting hose(s) to the oil tanker(s) manifold(s)
                     Recognition of the need to discontinue oil transfer when sea and
                      weather conditions deteriorate
                     Adequacy of navigational processes

7.2    Contingency Planning

STS transfer operations are generally not considered to be a routine operation. The risk of
accident and the potential scale of consequences require that the shipping company and/or
STS Organizer develop contingency plans for dealing with emergencies. These contingency
plans should be developed based on the output of the risk assessment study undertaken in
Section 8.1. Using the risk mitigation measures for each operational hazard identified,
contingency plans should be developed covering all possible identified emergencies and
providing a comprehensive response. The contingency plans should be relevant to the
location of the operation and the vessels of concern and take into account the resources
available both at the transfer area and with regard to nearby back-up resources.

It is difficult to anticipate every emergency which could arise and therefore almost impossible
to indicated the precise mitigations or remedial actions. The Ship‟s Contingency Plan is a
collation of individual emergency procedures (or contingency plans) of the more likely or high
potential/great consequence risk scenarios. This Contingency Plan should be agreed
between both vessels, the STS Organizer and the local or national authorities before STS
operations commence.

7.3    Oil Spill Contingency Plan

The risk of oil pollution from properly conducted STS operations should be no greater than
during in-port cargo transfer. However, as a transfer area may be beyond the range of port
services, a location-specific oil spill contingency plan, which covers such risks or addresses
such requirements, may be required to be developed and approved by the appropriate
coastal State authorities. Such an oil spill contingency plan should take into account the site
location and environment as well as the local support resources. This contingency plan can
be considered as additional to the Ship‟s Shipboard Oil Pollution Emergency Plan (SOPEP)
or Vessel Response Plan (VRP).

This oil spill contingency plan should be available on board the vessel and activated in the
event of an oil spill.

7.4    Prevention of Human Fatigue



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                                                                            XYZ Marine Inc.

To prevent fatigue during STS transfer operations, all persons involved in the lightering
operation, including the STS Superintendent and persons outside the vessel‟s complement,
are to comply with the rest period requirements of ILO, IMO and national regulations.

Records of rest and work hour compliance should be retained.

7.5    Safety Drills

Safety drills are effective tools to prepare a ship‟s crew for dealing with emergencies. An
appropriate drill should be held, where applicable, within 24 hours and in any case not more
than seven days preceding an STS transfer operation.

Crews should be made aware of emergency signals, procedures and actions, and every
effort should be made to hold an emergency drill before starting the operation. In STS
transfer operations, mooring failures and fire on either ship are examples of major
emergencies.

7.6    STS Safety Check-Lists

STS Safety Check-Lists are tools intended to assist the STS Organizer, STS Superintendent
and Masters to adhere to relevant safety procedures and serve as essential reminders of the
principal safety factors to be considered and verified. They should be supplemented by
continuous vigilance throughout the whole operation.

The following STS Safety Check-Lists as per the STS Guide are to be used:

        Check-List      Description                 Remark
        Check-List 1    Pre-Fixture Information     To be completed by the STS
                        (for each ship)             Organizer at initial planning of STS
                                                    transfer operation and passed to
                                                    each ship prior to arrival. At the
                                                    arrival preparation phase,
                                                    shipmasters to confirm compliance
        Check-List 2    Before Operations           Each ship to confirm compliance with
                        Commence                    all relevant requirements has been
                                                    checked and found to be correct
                                                    before operations commence
        Check-List 3    Before Run-in and           Each ship to confirm compliance with
                        Mooring                     all relevant requirements has been
                                                    checked and found to be correct
                                                    before starting run-in and mooring
        Check-List 4    Before Cargo Transfer       Each ship to confirm compliance with
                                                    all relevant requirements has been
                                                    checked and found to be correct
                                                    before starting cargo transfer
                                                    operations
        Check-List 5    Before Unmooring            Each ship to confirm compliance with
                                                    all relevant requirements has been

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                                                                              XYZ Marine Inc.

                                                     checked and found to be correct
                                                     before unmooring commences

As a part of the safety management of a cargo transfer operation, STS Safety Check-List 4
requires each vessel to confirm also that the ISGOTT Ship/Shore Safety Check-List has
been adequately reviewed, checked and completed. The responsible officer of each ship
should personally verify compliance with the relevant considerations lying within the ship‟s
responsibility.

It is prudent to include this completed ISGOTT Ship/Shore Safety Check-List as a record of
the STS operation

7.7    Transfer Stage Meetings

The Shipmaster, in cooperation with the STS Superintendent, should conduct a brief, concise,
focused meeting prior to embarking on each important stage of the transfer operation, such
as fendering/mooring, cargo transfer, unmooring/unberthing. The purpose of these meetings
is to verify that everyone responsible and involved in the operation understands and is in
agreement with how the operation will take place.

7.8    Safety Issues During Cargo Transfer

The basic safety requirements for a transfer operation at sea are similar to those for a normal
port cargo operation as contained in the ISGOTT. The ship‟s transfer operation should be in
full compliance with the ISGOTT, particularly with regard to the following points relevant to a
STS transfer operation:

              Smoking and naked lights
              Earths on electrical switchboards
              Boilers and diesel engine operation
              Ship-to-ship electric currents
              Use of radio and satellite communication equipment
              Radar use
              Gas accumulation
              Electrical storms
              Galley stoves
              Readiness of fire-fighting equipment
              Accommodation openings
              Unauthorized craft

7.9    Safe Watchkeeping

STS transfer operations place additional demands on a ship‟s crew. Each Master should take
into consideration the estimated duration of operations so that safe and fatigue-free
watchkeeping can be maintained throughout. When planning STS operations, the STS
Organizer and the Masters involved should bear in mind that statutory minimum manning
requirements might not address simultaneous operations, e.g. cargo operations and
navigation or anchor watch. Consideration should be given to additional manning during
these periods of high demand.

During a transfer operation, the following simultaneous safety watchkeeping actions are
required:

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                                                                             XYZ Marine Inc.


       .1     Deck watch keeping

              Continuous roving deck watchkeeping alongside for verifying and/or
              identifying:

                     fender arrangements to maintain safe standing-off distances
                     mooring lines for chaffing
                     any evidence of oil leaks and oil in water
       .
       2      Manifold watchkeeping

                     A responsible person should be assigned on each ship at the cargo
                      manifold area to observe the cargo hoses and to look for leaks.
                     A responsible person, equipped with a portable radio, should be
                      stationed at or near the cargo pump controls or in the cargo control
                      room on the discharging ship to take appropriate actions as necessary.

       .3     Navigation (or anchor) watchkeeping

                     A qualified deck officer shall maintain a navigation/anchor watch on the
                      bridge of a vessel that is anchored.
                     A full navigational watch is to be kept on each ship during an underway
                      transfer

7.10   Helicopter Operations

When the ships are moored together, helicopter operations should not be permitted without
prior approval of the STS Organizer, POAC, both Masters and STS Superintendent. If
approved, the POAC will coordinate the operation locally.

Helicopter operations are not to be carried out during cargo transfer and/or ballasting into
cargo tanks.

All helicopter operations are to be conducted in full compliance with the ICS Guide to
Helicopter/Ship Operations [Ref. 15]. The Masters shall establish communications with the
helicopters through marine band VHF frequencies.

7.11   Emergencies

It is emphasized that both ships should be in an advanced state of readiness at all times
during the STS operations in order to be in a position to deal with emergencies. Both tankers
involved in a STS operation should have procedures ready for immediate implementation in
the event of an emergency. The procedures should be familiar to all personnel involved.

7.11.1 Emergency Signal

       An emergency on either ship should be indicated immediately by sounding the ship‟s
       internal alarm signal and by sounding seven or more short blasts on the whistle to


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                                                                                XYZ Marine Inc.

       warn the other ship. All personnel should then proceed as indicated by the
       contingency plan.

7.11.2 Emergency Procedures

       In an emergency during a STS operation, the Masters involved should assess the
       situation and act accordingly, bearing in mind that unduly hasty decisions could
       worsen the emergency. The following basic actions should be considered:

             Stop the transfer
             Sound the emergency signal
             Inform crews on both ships of the nature of the emergency
             Notify the authorities
             Man emergency stations
             Implement emergency procedures
             Drain and disconnect cargo hoses
             Send mooring gangs to stations
             Confirm the ship„s main engine is ready for immediate use
             Advise standby boat of the situation and any requirements
             Masters to decide jointly, particularly in case of fire, whether it is to the mutual
              advantage for the ships to remain alongside each other or unmoor

       The above basic actions should be included in individual STS contingency plans and
       be consistent with the established company procedures in the ship‟s operations
       management system.

7.11.3 State of Readiness for an Emergency

       The following arrangements should be made on both ships:

             Main engine and steering gear ready for immediate use
             Cargo pump and all other equipment trips relevant to the transfer tested prior
              to the operation
             Crew available and systems prepared to drain and disconnect hoses at short
              notice
             Oil spill containment equipment prepared and ready for use
             Mooring equipment ready for immediate use and extra mooring lines ready at
              mooring stations as replacements in case of breakage
             Fire-fighting equipment ready for immediate use.

7.12   Incident Reporting


   This section should provide the clear requirements and procedural guidance on


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                                                                          XYZ Marine Inc.

   reporting of any incident or near miss, based on the Company‟s policy and operational
   procedures.


  Sample Paragraphs:
        The POAC or Masters shall report any incident or near miss to the Company and
         STS Organizer/Management as soon as possible, but no more than two hours
         after the event. The initial report should be made by phone at the earliest, and
         follow-up reports be made for the on-going incident every two hours to provide
         the status update.
        Be mindful that written reports are considered evidence in any subsequent
         investigation, therefore be careful to report facts only and avoid speculation.
        etc.




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8.       OPERATIONAL PREPARATIONS BEFORE MANEUVERING

      This chapter contains guidance information regarding the operational preparations
      required in preparing the two vessels for starting the subsequent approach maneuver
      and mooring operation. Modify or expand this chapter as deemed appropriate.

8.1      Preparation of Ships

Prior to the STS operation, the Masters of both oil tankers and, if appointed, the STS
Superintendent, should make the following preparations before maneuvers begin:

                Carefully study the operational guidelines contained herein and in the STS
                 Transfer Guide, as well as any additional guidelines provided by the ship
                 owner and cargo owner.
                Fully brief the crew on the STS operation procedures and hazards, with
                 particular reference to mooring and unmooring
                Verify that the tanker conforms to relevant guidelines, is upright and at a
                 suitable trim
                Confirm the steering gear and all navigation and communications equipment
                 are in good working order
                Test the engine controls and main propulsion plant ahead and astern
                Confirm all essential cargo and safety equipment has been satisfactorily
                 tested
                Prepare the mooring equipment in accordance with the mooring plan
                Correctly position, connect and secure fenders and transfer hoses as
                 appropriate and as required by the STS transfer procedure
                Prepare cargo manifolds and hose handling equipment
                Obtain a weather forecast for the STS transfer area for the anticipated period
                 of operation
                Agree actions to be taken if the emergency signal on the oil tanker‟s whistle is
                 sounded
                Confirm the security level at which the tanker is operating in accordance with
                 the provisions of the ISPS Code
                Confirm completion of relevant pre-operational check-lists
                Confirm readiness of maneuvering and mooring

8.2      Fendering Operation

Generally, the first vessel that arrives on location will be fendered, unless the lightering
vessel (receiving vessel) is equipped with a fixed fender arrangement. The primary fenders
may be rigged on either vessel depending on the number of lightering operations planned
and the arrival times of each vessel at the rendezvous location.

Upon arrival of both ships, the POAC or Mooring Master and the Masters of each oil tanker
should discuss and determine a fendering plan including the fender arrangement, fender
rigging and fender deployment procedures.

      Provide a detailed description of the typical fender arrangement, fender rigging process
      and fender deployment procedures, as deemed appropriate.



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                                                                             XYZ Marine Inc.

8.3    Joint Plan of Operation

A joint plan of operation that aligns with the individual STS Plan established for each ship
should be developed on the basis of the information exchanged between the two oil tankers
involved in the STS operation. This joint plan should include the following elements:

             Mooring arrangements
             Quantities and characteristics of the cargo(es) to be loaded (discharged) and
              identification of any toxic components
             Sequence of loading (discharging) of tanks
             Details of cargo transfer system, number of pumps and maximum permissible
              pressure
             Rate of oil transfer during operation (initial, maximum and topping-off)
             Time required by the discharging oil tanker for starting and topping-off and the
              changing rate of delivery during topping-off of tanks
             Normal stopping and emergency shutdown procedures
             Maximum draft and freeboard anticipated during operations
             Disposition and quantity of ballast and slops and disposal, if applicable
             Details of proposed venting or inerting of cargo tanks
             Details of crude oil washing, if applicable
             Emergency and oil spill containment procedures
             Sequence of actions in case of oil spillage
             Identified critical stages of the operations
             Watchkeeping plan and shift arrangement
             Local or government rules that apply to the transfer
             Co-ordination of plans for cargo hose connection, monitoring, draining and
              disconnection
             Unmooring and unberthing plans
             Environmental and operational limits that would trigger suspension of the
              mooring, transfer operation and disconnection and unmooring of the tankers

8.4    Navigation Signals

       .1     The lights and shapes to be shown and the sound signals made during the
              STS operations are to be in accordance with the COLREGS and local
              regulations.

       .2     The lights and shapes are to be checked and rigged ready for display prior to
              STS operation.




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9.       MANEUVERING AND MOORING

      This chapter contains guidance information on the maneuvering alongside procedures
      and mooring operation. Modify or expand this chapter as deemed appropriate.

Reference must be made to STS Guide Chapter 6 and related Safety Check-Lists.
Additional reference is made to the OCIMF Effective Mooring [Ref.7] and Mooring Equipment
Guidelines [Ref. 8], as well as the Code of Safe Working Practices for Merchant Seaman
(CSWP).

9.1      Basic Berthing Principles

               Normally, the smaller ship berths alongside the larger ship on the starboard
                side.
               It is common practice for STS berthing to be conducted during daylight unless
                the provided personnel are suitably experienced in night-time STS
                maneuvering, a risk assessment has been carried out and approval obtained
                from the Company.
               For night-time berthing, the deck should be adequately lit and, if possible, the
                ship‟s side and fenders should be lit by spot lights.
               The most experienced helmsman should be used.
               There should be effective radio communications between the bridge and the
                mooring personnel.
               There should be effective communications between the Masters of each
                tanker.
               Be aware that some local jurisdictions may have regulations specifying some
                aspects of maneuvering between ships.
               If either of the Masters or the STS Superintendent has the slightest doubt
                about the safety of the approach maneuver, the berthing operation should be
                aborted.

9.2      Maneuvering Alongside with Two Ships Under Power

         .1     Advice for the control of the ships

                      Normally, the larger ship is to maintain steerage way at slow speed,
                       keeping a steady course heading and the maneuvering ship
                       approaches and berths with the port side to the starboard side of the
                       constant heading ship.
                      Courses requested by the maneuvering ship must be followed by the
                       constant heading ship
                      Ship‟s speed should be controlled by adjusting the engine revolutions
                       (or propeller pitch), and any adjustment should be limited.
                      For diesel engines, ascertain the number of air starts available.

         .2     Advice for maneuvering alongside

                      At all times each ship is responsible for maintaining a proper lookout
                      During maneuvering, the wind and sea should be kept on the port bow
                       of the larger constant heading ship; however, local conditions or
                       knowledge may indicate an alternative approach.

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                                                                            XYZ Marine Inc.

                   The angle of approach adopted by the maneuvering ship should not be
                    excessive.
                   A common approach to berthing is for the maneuvering ship to
                    approach the constant heading ship from the constant heading ship‟s
                    starboard quarter and, on closer approach, parallel the course to a
                    safe distance from the constant heading ship. Contact is made by the
                    maneuvering ship to reduce the distance by rudder and engine
                    movements until the fenders touch.
                   No engine movement on the constant heading ship should be made
                    without advising the STS Superintendent or the Master of the
                    maneuvering ship.
                   Pay attention to the effects of ship interaction when maneuvering at
                    close quarters.

9.3   STS Maneuvers

      .1     Maneuvering a Combined Two-Ship System to Anchor

             On completion of the mooring alongside, the constant heading ship will usually
             power all future maneuvers and, if a transfer at anchor is planned, will proceed
             to the agreed anchoring position. The following points are emphasized for the
             maneuvering operation:

                   During this period, the maneuvering ship should have its engines
                    stopped and rudder amidships and the constant heading ship should
                    not use strong astern engine movements.
                   The constant heading ship should use the anchor on the side opposite
                    to that on which the other ship is moored.
                   Once at anchor, each ship is responsible for watchkeeping
                    requirements as required by STCW.
                   The anchored ship is to maintain an anchor watch throughout the
                    mooring and transfer operations.

      .2     Underway Transfer with Two Ships Under Power

             Local conditions, such as areas where the water depths are too great for
             anchoring the two-ship system, demand the use of an underway transfer with
             the two-ship unit under power and making way at slow speed through the
             water. The following points are emphasized for the maneuvering operation:

                   Underway transfer can be considered if there is adequate sea-room
                    and the traffic conditions, weather, sea conditions and forecasts are
                    suitable.
                   The constant heading ship is to maintain steerage way at slow speed
                    on a steady course and the maneuvering ship keeps its rudder
                    amidships and remains (with engine stopped) as a towed ship.
                   As a combined system, safe navigation and collision avoidance is
                    usually the responsibility of the constant heading ship but may be
                    under the direction of the POAC aboard the maneuvering ship
                    (lightering ship).
                   Full navigation watch is to be kept on the bridge of each tanker.


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                                                                          XYZ Marine Inc.

      .3     Maneuvers with One Ship at Anchor

             STS transfer operations involving one ship already positioned at anchor are
             quite frequent. For such operations, the anchored ship is anchored in a pre-
             determined position using the anchor on the opposite side to that on which the
             other ship will moor and berth. The following points are emphasized:

                   A berthing operation should only be carried out after the anchoring
                    ship has brought up her anchor on the mooring/berthing side and is
                    lying on a steady heading with reference to the prevailing current and
                    wind conditions.
                   Verify that the single anchor of the anchoring ship is adequate for
                    holding both ships.
                   A risk assessment should be undertaken to evaluate the necessity of
                    tug assistance for the maneuvering ship.
                   Keep careful watch on the heading of the anchored ship and be careful
                    with any yawing tendency.
                   Services of an experienced STS Superintendent are recommended for
                    this type of operation.

9.4   Mooring Preparations

      .1     Mooring operations should be managed to provide expeditious mooring line
             handling. Moorings should be arranged and rigged to allow safe, effective line
             tendering when the ships are secured together.

      .2     The mooring plan should be developed taking into account the size of each
             ship and the difference between their sizes, the expected difference in
             freeboards and displacement, the anticipated sea and weather conditions, the
             degree of shelter offered by the location, and the efficiency of mooring line
             leads available.

      .3     It is important that the mooring arrangement allows for ship movement and
             freeboard changes to avoid over stressing the lines throughout the operation.
             However, individual lines should not be so long as to permit unacceptable
             movement between the ships.

      .4     The order of passing mooring lines during mooring, and of releasing lines
             during unmooring, should be agreed in advance.

      .5     During the STS operations, the freeboard differences between the moored
             ships should be kept to a minimum, with consideration given to ballasting the
             higher ship and de-ballasting the lower one where this is possible.

      .6     Ships equipped with steel wire or high modulus synthetic fiber mooring lines
             should fit soft tails to them.

      .7     Strong rope messengers should be readied on both ships and rope stoppers
             should be rigged in way of relevant mooring bitts.




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                  34
                                                                             XYZ Marine Inc.

10.      CARGO TRANSFER (PROCEDURES ALONGSIDE)

      This chapter contains general guidance information on the ship-to-ship cargo transfer
      operations. Modify or expand this chapter as deemed appropriate.

The procedures alongside are essentially the cargo transfer operations which include, but
are not limited to, conducting the pre-transfer procedures, planning for cargo transfer,
performance of cargo transfer and operations after the completion of cargo transfer.

10.1     Pre-Transfer Procedures

         .1     Cargo transfer operations should be carried out in accordance with the
                requirements of the receiving ship. The person in charge of the cargo
                operations (Lightering Master or cargo officer) for each ship should be
                positively identified on a list posted on the bridge and cargo control room of
                both ships, together with the names of other persons supervising the cargo
                transfer.

         .2     Check local regulations on lightering operations to verify compliance with
                standards. For example, vapor balancing may be enforced in certain specific
                ports and coastal areas.

         .3     Good reliable means of communications should be established between the
                personnel responsible for cargo operations on each ship.

         .4     Cargo transfer operations should be planned and agreed in writing between
                the two ships.

         .5     The pre-transfer checks should be satisfactorily completed by both ships as
                per STS Safety Check List 4 - Before Cargo Transfer and also per ISGOTT
                Ship/Shore Safety Check-List.

10.2     Planning for Cargo Transfer

Cargo transfer operation pre-transfer should be planned in detail and agreed in writing
between the two tankers. A pre-transfer conference should be conducted so that everyone
involved understands how the operation will take place

         .1     The cargo transfer plan should include information on quantity of each grade
                of cargo to be transferred, sequence for handling, ballast and vapor
                operations, critical stages of operation, coordination of plans of hose
                connection, monitoring, draining and disconnection, safe watch arrangements
                and emergency/response procedures.


M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                     35
                                                                              XYZ Marine Inc.

       .2    When preparing cargo loading and discharging plans, due consideration
             should be given to maintaining adequate stability, hull stresses remain within
             design limits and free surface effects are kept to a minimum throughout.

       .3    The flow rates required for the different phases of the cargo operations should
             be agreed and they are to be verified as not exceeding the manufacturer‟s
             recommended flow rate for the cargo hoses.

       .4    Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for the cargo to be transferred must be
             obtained prior to the operations commencing and the receiving ship is to be
             aware of any particular properties of the cargo, e.g., high hydrogen sulphide
             (H2S) content, special fire-fighting requirements, etc.

10.3   Performance of Cargo Transfer

       .1    STS cargo transfer operations should be conducted under closed conditions,
             i.e. with ullage, sound/sampling ports securely closed. In areas where vapor
             balancing procedures are enforced, due regard should be given to the local
             regulations.

       .2    The cargo transfer should be started at a slow rate to verify that all
             connections and hoses are tight, that the oil is being directed into the intended
             pipelines and tanks, that no excessive pressure is being built up in the hoses
             and pipelines and that there is no evidence of oil leakage.

       .3    The flow rate may be increased to the maximum as indicated in the cargo
             transfer plan only after being satisfied there is no leakage, that the oil transfer
             is made to the intended pipelines and tanks and that there is no excessive
             pressure built-up.

       .4    Throughout the cargo transfer, both ships should station a responsible
             watchkeeping person in the cargo manifold area to observe the hoses and to
             check for leaks. In addition, a responsible person equipped with a portable
             radio should be stationed at or near the cargo pump controls or in the control
             room on the discharging ship to take action as required.

       .5    Responsible persons on both ships should periodically check the following
             and, if necessary, take appropriate remedial actions for:

                   Any oil leakage from the equipment and system, or through the oil
                    tanker‟s plating
                   Any leakage into pump rooms, ballast or void spaces or cargo tanks
                    not scheduled to be loaded
                   Any excessive pressure in pipelines and hoses

M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                    36
                                                                             XYZ Marine Inc.

                    Unacceptable or deteriorating condition of the hoses and their support
                     arrangements
                    Tank ullages and the quantities transferred
                    Any chafing and undue stress on mooring lines and fenders

       .6     Care must be taken to prevent surge pressure when changing over tanks on
              the tank ship to be loaded. The filling valves of the next tanks in sequence
              should be opened before the valves on the tank being filled are closed.

       .7     During cargo transfer, appropriate ballast operations should be performed in
              order to minimize the freeboard differences and to avoid excessive trim by the
              stern.

       .8     Information on the quantities transferred should be routinely and regularly
              exchanged between the two ships. Any significant discrepancies between the
              quantity discharged and the quantity received should be promptly investigated.

10.4   STS Transfer Using Vapor Balancing

Vapor balancing is used to avoid the release of any gases to the atmosphere through vents
and to minimize the use of the inert gas system when transferring cargo in a STS operation.
Generally, the vapor balancing may be an optional operation for STS operations unless
required by local regulations or is a charterer requirement.

STS transfer operation using vapor balancing should only be undertaken between inerted
ships. Specific operational guidance should be developed to address the hazards associated
with the vapor emission control activities during such transfers.

Operational guidance similar to those set out in Section 7.1.6.4 of the OCIMF ISGOTT
should be followed. Guidance given covers recommendations for:

             Before commencing cargo transfer and
             During the cargo transfer.

10.5   Operations After Completion of Cargo Transfer

When it is required to stop the cargo transfer operation, the responsible person, i.e.
Lightering Master, should advise the pumping oil tanker in adequate time. Operations after
the completion of transfer should include, but not be limited to, the following procedures:

       .1     Upon completion of the cargo transfer, the tank ship with the greatest
              freeboard should close the valve at the manifold and drain the oil contained in
              the hoses into the tank of the other ship. Any remaining oil in the hoses should


M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                    37
                                                                             XYZ Marine Inc.

              be drained, after which the hoses should be disconnected and securely
              blanked.

       .2     The cargo manifolds should be securely blanked.

       .3     The responsible person on each ship is to verify that all valves in their system
              are closed and cargo tank openings are closed and secured for sea.

       .4     The oil transfer documents and any relevant check lists should be completed.

       .5     The governing authorities and the Company should be informed of the
              completion of the cargo transfer and the anticipated time of unmooring.

       .6     The Masters and the POAC should meet and coordinate the unmooring plan,
              taking into account the weather and sea conditions prevailing in the area.

10.6   Suspension of Operations

Both oil tankers should be prepared to immediately discontinue the STS transfer operation
and to unmoor and depart, if necessary. The operations should be suspended in the
following conditions:

             Movement of the ships alongside reaches the maximum permissible and risks
              placing excessive strain on hoses;
             Under adverse weather and/or sea conditions;
             Power failure on either ship;
             A failure of the main communication system between the ships and there is no
              adequate standby communication method available;
             Spillage of oil into the sea;
             An unexplained pressure drop in the cargo system;
             The risk of fire is discovered;
             Any oil leakage from hoses, couplings or the ship‟s deck piping;
             Overflow of oil onto the deck occurs due to over-filling of a cargo tank;
             Any faults or damage threatening the escape of oil are discovered; and
             A significant, unexplained difference between the quantities of cargo delivered
              and received is identified.

Operations may be resumed only after the weather and seas have abated or appropriate
remedial action has been taken.




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                    38
                                                                               XYZ Marine Inc.

11.      UNMOORING

      This chapter contains guidance information on the unmooring and unberthing
      operations upon completion of a cargo transfer. Modify or expand this chapter as
      deemed appropriate.

Prior to the unmooring and unberthing of the vessels, the Masters and the POAC must co-
ordinate and establish the unmooring plan, taking into account the prevailing weather and
sea conditions.

Special care should be taken for unmooring operations – unmooring while one ship is at
anchor and unmooring after an underway transfer. There have been incidents and near
misses during such operations complicated by the unpredictability of environmental
conditions and the difficulty of accurately assessing such factors as tidal conditions. Thus, it
is generally recommended that, when the STS takes place in an area subject to significant
tides, unmooring should be restricted to periods of slack tides.

Unmooring during the hours of darkness is generally not recommended, unless the
personnel involved are suitably experienced, a risk assessment has been made and
permission from the Company obtained.

Prior to commencing the unmooring operation, the STS Safety Check-List #5 - Before
Unmooring, must be completed by each ship.

11.1     Unmooring While One Ship is at Anchor

               Under normal weather conditions, unmooring of the lightering vessel should
                be carried out by persons with considerable of experience in STS operations
                with the constant heading ship remaining at anchor.
               Use of tugs should be considered, where available, especially if yawing of the
                anchored ship is anticipated.
               If, in the judgment of the POAC, weather and current conditions so require,
                the anchored ship should weigh anchor and the unmooring be carried out
                underway. In that case, the previously anchored ship should follow the
                instructions from the POAC to maintain a speed and course previously agreed
                upon. During unmooring, plenty of slack must be given on the mooring lines
                and good quality messenger lines must be used.

11.2     Unmooring After an Underway Transfer

               It is normal to unmoor with the wind and sea on the port bow and then bring
                the combined two-ship system head into the wind to spread apart the ships,
                unless local conditions dictate otherwise.


M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                     39
                                                                             XYZ Marine Inc.

            During unmooring, plenty of slack must be given on the mooring lines and
             good quality messenger lines must be used.

11.3   Unmooring Checks

            Sufficient crew should be allocated to the unmooring stations.
            The method of disengagement and of letting go mooring lines should be
             agreed in advance.
            Fenders, including their towing and securing lines should be checked to be in
             good order.
            Winches and windlasses should be ready for immediate use.
            Rope messengers and rope stoppers should be ready at all mooring stations.
            Communications should be confirmed between ships and established with
             mooring personnel.
            Shipping traffic in the vicinity should be checked.

11.4   Unberthing Considerations

            Special care needs to be taken during unberthing to avoid the two ships
             coming into contact.
            A common method of unmooring is achieved by singling up fore and aft, then
             letting go the remaining forward line and allowing the bow to swing away from
             the constant heading ship to a suitable angle, at which time the stern line is let
             go and the maneuvering ship moves clear. The constant heading ship should
             not independently maneuver until the maneuvering ship is clear.
            Separation of two ships is often more difficult than the original mooring
             because of difficulties that may arise due to local conditions or vessel
             configurations, such that alternative plans should also be considered.
            Special care should be adopted in regard to letting go the last lines in an
             expeditious and safe manner. A method that can facilitate this is the toggle pin
             technique.




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                   40
                                                                             XYZ Marine Inc.

12.      REPORTING ON STS COMPLETION

12.1     Notification to Authorities

Upon completion of each STS lightering operation, each ship or their ship agents should
provide a STS completion notice to the appropriate coastal State authorities as per the local
or national requirements. In general, the following information should be reported in the
notification:

                Time and date of completion of STS operation
                Quantity and type of cargo transferred
                Service vessel discharge port
                ETA to pilot and discharge port

12.2     Reporting to Company


      Optional
      Provide clear information and guidance on the Company‟s reporting requirements on
      the completion of the STS transfer operation and before departing.


      Example:
      Upon completion of each STS operation, the Master is to report to the Company
      management in accordance with the Company‟s policy and procedures.


12.3     Record Keeping of STS Operations

The requirements of recording the cargo transfer operation is to follow the guidance
provisions outlined in IMO Resolution MEPC.117(52) with regard to completing the Oil
Record Book for the STS transfer operations taking place on the Ship.

All documents including logs, records and reports, in support of an STS transfer operation
should be collected and maintained on board the Ship.

As per Regulation 41.5, all such documents are to be retained for three (3) years and be
available for inspection by a party to the Convention and other governing local authorities as
deemed necessary.




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                     41
                                                                            XYZ Marine Inc.

13.    REFERENCES

[1]    IMO Resolution MEPC.186(59) – new Chapter 8 to MARPOL Annex I on Prevention
       of Pollution During Transfer of Oil Cargo Between Oil Tankers at Sea

[2]    IMO Manual on Oil Pollution, Section 1 – Prevention, as amended

[3]    ICS and OCIMF, Ship to Ship Transfer Guide – Petroleum, 4th Edition, 2005

[4]    OCIMF, Ship to Ship Transfers – Considerations Applicable to Reverse Lightering
       Operations, 1st edition, September 2009

[5]    OCIMF, Recommendations for Oil Tanker Manifolds and Associated Equipment, 4th
       edition 1991

[6]    OCIMF, Guidelines for Handling, Storage, Inspection and Testing of Hoses in the
       Field, 2nd edition 1995

[7]    OCIMF, Effective Mooring, 3rd edition 2010

[8]    OCIMF, Mooring Equipment Guidelines, 3rd edition 2008

[9]    OCIMF, International Safety Guide for Oil Tanker and Terminals (ISGOTT), 5th edition
       2006

[10]   IMO International Code of Signals

[11]   IMO International Regulations for Preventing Collision at Sea (COLREGS)

[12]   IMO International Convention on        Standards   of   Training,   Certification   and
       Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW)

[13]   BS EN 1765, Rubber Hoses Assemblies for Oil Suction and Discharge Services,
       Specification for the Assemblies, 2004

[14]   BS 1435-2, Rubber Hoses Assemblies for Oil Suction and Discharge Services, Part 2:
       Recommendations for Storage, Testing and Use, 2005

[15]   ICS, Guide to Helicopter/Ship Operations, 2009




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                   42
                                                    XYZ Marine Inc.

APPENDIX 1 - SHIP PLANS

General Arrangement Plan




                                   Attach Drawing




Cargo Tank Arrangement and Capacity




                                   Attach Drawing




Cargo Handling System Plan and Manifold Details




                                   Attach Drawing




Anchor Handling and Mooring Arrangement Plan




                                   Attach Drawing




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan              43
                                                                           XYZ Marine Inc.

PART B - STS SAFTEY CHECK-LISTS AND SAMPLE STS TRANSFER OPERATION
         LOG FORM

  Incorporate, as deemed appropriate, any relevant references, general operating
  procedures or supporting information related to the STS operations, which are helpful to
  the crew in the conduct of a safe STS operation, e.g.,
       Coastal State Requirements
       Typical Fender Arrangement
       Fendering and Unfendering Operations
       Typical Mooring Alongside Arrangement
       Fendering and Undfendering Operation Procedures
       Local regulations on STS transfer operations
       etc.

B.1   OPERATIONAL SAFETY CHECK LISTS

             CHECK-LIST 1 – Pre-fixture Information (for each ship)
             CECHK-LIST 2 – Before Operations Commence
             CHECK-LIST 3 – Before Run-in and Mooring
             CHECK-LIST 4 – Before Cargo Transfer
             CHECK-LIST 5 – Before Unmooring

B.2   STS OPERATIONS – GULF OF MEXICO
      (Example)




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                   44
                                                                          XYZ Marine Inc.

B.1 - STS SAFETY CHECK-LISTS (PER ICS/OCIMF STS TRANSFER GUIDE)



        CHECK-LIST 1           PRE-FIXTURE INFORMATION (FOR EACH SHIP)

        CHECK-LIST 2           BEFORE OPERATIONS COMMENCE

        CHECK-LIST 3           BEFORE RUN-IN AND MOORING

        CHECK-LIST 4           BEFORE CARGO TRANSFER

        CHECK-LIST 5           BEFORE UNMOORING



The attached STS Safety Check-Lists have been formatted based on the standard forms of
ICS/OCIMF STS Guide - Petroleum [Ref. 3].

Alternatively, the users may develop their own form or use the form from the ICS/OCIMF
STS Guide.




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                   45
                                                                                                 XYZ Marine Inc.


                                    SHIP-TO-SHIP TRANSFER
                   CHECK-LIST 1 – PRE-FIXTURE INFORMATION (FOR EACH SHIP)
                    (BETWEEN SHIP OPERATOR/CHARTERER AND ORGANIZER)
Ship‟s Name                                                                  IMO No.
Ship Operator                                Ship                                      STS
                                             Charterer                                 Organizer
Preferred Contact No.                                                          Ship Operator‟s         Remarks
(e.g. INMARSAT)                                                                 Confirmation

1     What is the LOA?
      What is parallel body length at loaded and ballast draft

2     Will the transfer be conducted underway and, if so, can the ship
      maintain about five knots for a minimum of two hours?

3     Is the ship‟s manifold arrangement in accordance with OCIMF
      Recommendations for Oil Tanker Manifolds and Associated
      Equipment?

4     Is the ship‟s lifting equipment in accordance with OCIMF
      Recommendations for Oil Tanker Manifolds and Associated
      Equipment?

5     What is the maximum and minimum expected height of the
      cargo manifold from the waterline during the transfer?

6     Can sufficient manpower be provided for all stages of the
      Operation?

7     Are enclosed fairleads and mooring bitts in accordance with
      OCIMF Mooring Equipment Guidelines and are they of a
      sufficient number?

8     Can the ship supplying the mooring provide all lines on winch
      drums?

9     If moorings are wires or high modulus synthetic fiber ropes, are
      they fitted with synthetic tails at least eleven meters in length?

10    Are full-sized mooring bitts of sufficient strength suitably located
      near all enclosed fairleads to receive mooring rope eyes?

11    Are both sides of the ship clear of any overhanging projections
      including bridge wings?

12    Has the transfer area been agreed?
FOR DISCHARGING SHIP                                RECEIVING SHIP

Name:                                                                   Rank:

Signature:                                                              Date:




     M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                           46
                                                                                          XYZ Marine Inc.


                                     SHIP-TO-SHIP TRANSFER
                          CHECK-LIST 2 – BEFORE OPERATIONS COMMENCE
Discharging Ship‟s Name:
Receiving Ship‟s Name:
Date of Transfer:
                                                                          Discharging Receiving Ship   Remarks
                                                                         Ship Checked    Checked
1     Have the two ships been advised by their shipowners that
      Check-List 1 has been completed satisfactorily?
2     Can personnel comply with rest requirements of ILO 180,
      STCW or national regulations as appropriate?
3     Have radio communications been established?
4     Has the language of operations been agreed?
5     Has the rendezvous position of the transfer area been
      agreed?
6     Have berthing and mooring procedures been agreed,
      including fender positions and number/type of ropes to be
      provided by each ship?
7     Has the system and method of electrical insulation between
      ships been agreed?
8     Are the ships upright and at a suitable trim without any
      overhanging projections?
9     Hve the engines, steering gear and navigational equipment
      been tested and found in good order?
10    Hve the ship‟s boilers and tubes been cleared of soot and is it
      understood that during STS operations, tubes must not be
      blown?
11    Have the engineers been briefed on engine speed (and speed
      adjustment) requirements?
12    Have weather forecasts been obtained for the transfer area?
13    Are hose lifting requirementz suitable and ready for use?
14    Are cargo transfer hoses properly tested and certified and in
      apparent good condition?
15    Are fenders and associated equipment in apparent good
      visual order?
16    Has the crew been briefed on the mooring procedure?
17    Is the contingency plan agreed?
18    Have the local authorities been advised about the operation?
19    Has a navigational warning been broadcast?
20    Has the other ship been advised that Check-List 2 is now
      satisfactorily completed?
FOR DISCHARGING SHIP                         RECEIVING SHIP
Name:                                                                   Rank:
Signature:                                                              Date:


     M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                         47
                                                                                      XYZ Marine Inc.


                                     SHIP-TO-SHIP TRANSFER
                            CHECK-LIST 3 – BEFORE RUN-IN AND MOORING
Discharging Ship‟s Name:
Receiving Ship‟s Name:
Date of Transfer:
                                                                    Discharging Receiving Ship   Remarks
                                                                   Ship Checked   Checked

1     Has check-List 2 been satisfactorily completed?
2     Are the primary fenders floating in their proper place And
      the fender pennants in order?
3     Are secondary fenders in place, if required?

4     Have over side protrusions on the side of berthing been
      retracted?

5     Is a TA proficient helmsman at the wheel?

6     Are cargo manifold connections ready and marked?

7     Has course and speed information been exchanged and
      understood?

8     Ship‟s speed adjustment is to be controlled by changes to                                  [Specify]
      revolutions and/or propeller pitch

9     Are navigational signals correctly displayed?

10    Is adequate lighting available?

11    Is there power to the winches and windlass and are they
      in good order?

12    Are rope messengers, rope stoppers and heaving lines
      ready for use?

13    Are all mooring lines ready?
14    Are all mooring personnel in position?

15    Have communications been established with mooring
      personnel?
16    Is the anchor on the opposite side to transfer walked out
      and ready for dropping?

17    Has the other ship been advised that Check-List 3 is now
      satisfactorily completed?
FOR DISCHARGING SHIP                           RECEIVING SHIP

Name:                                                              Rank:
Signature:                                                         Date:


     M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                          48
                                                                                         XYZ Marine Inc.


                                      SHIP-TO-SHIP TRANSFER
                              CHECK-LIST 4 – BEFORE CARGO TRANSFER
Discharging Ship‟s Name:
Receiving Ship‟s Name:
Date of Transfer:
                                                                         Discharging  Receiving     Remarks
                                                                        Ship Checked Ship Checked
1     Has the ISGOTT ship/Shore Safety Check-List been
      satisfactorily completed?
2     Have the procedures for transfer of personnel been
      agreed?
3     Is the gangway (if used) in position and well secured?
4     Has an inter-ship communication system been agreed?
5     Have emergency signals and shutdown procedures been
      agreed?
6     Will an engine room watch be maintained throughout
      transfer and the main engine be ready for immediate use?
7     Are fire axes or suitable cutting equipment in position at fore
      and aft mooring stations?
8     Has a bridge watch and/or an anchor watch been
      established?
9     Have the officers in charge of the cargo transfer on both
      ships been identified and posted?
10    Has a deck watch been established to pay particular
      attention to moorings, fenders, hoses, manifold observation
      and cargo pump controls?
11    Has the initial cargo transfer rate been agreed with the
      other ship?
12    Has the maximum cargo transfer rate been agreed with the
      other ship?
13    Has the topping-off ratebeen agreed with the other ship?
14    Are the cargo hoses well supported?
15    Are the tools required for rapid disconnection located at the
      cargo manifold?
16    Have the details of the previous cargo of the receiving ship
      been given to the discharging ship?
17    Has the other ship has been advised that Check-List 4 is
      now satisfactorily completed?
FOR DISCHARGING SHIP                         RECEIVING SHIP

Name:                                                                   Rank:
Signature:                                                              Date:


     M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                          49
                                                                                    XYZ Marine Inc.


                                       SHIP-TO-SHIP TRANSFER
                                   CHECK-LIST 5 – BEFORE UNMOORING
Discharging Ship‟s Name:
Receiving Ship‟s Name:
Date of Transfer:
                                                                    Discharging   Receiving Ship   Remarks
                                                                   Ship Checked     Checked

1     Have the cargo hoses been properly drained prior to hose
      disconnection?

2     Are the cargo hoses and manifolds blanked?

3     Is the transfer side of the shipclear of obstructions
      (including hose lifting equipment)?

4     Are secondary fenders correctly positioned and secured for
      departure?

5     Has the method of unberthing and of letting go moorings
      been agreed with the other ship?

6     Are the fenders, including fender pennants, in good order?

7     Is there power is to the winches and windlass?

8     Are there rope messengers and rope stoppers at all
      mooring stations?

9     Is the crew standing by at the mooring stations?

10    Have communications been established with mooring
      personnel and with the other ship?

11    Has shipping traffic in the area been checked?

12    Have the main engine(s) and steering gear been tested and
      in a state of readiness for departure?
13    Have the mooring personnel been instructed to let go only
      as requested by the maneuvering ship?
14    Have the navigational warnings been cancelled (when clear
      of the other ship)?
15    Has the other ship been advised that Check-List 5 is now
      satisfactorily completed?

FOR DISCHARGING SHIP                          RECEIVING SHIP

Name:                                                              Rank:
Signature:                                                         Date:




     M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                           50
                                        XYZ Marine Inc.

B.2 - STS OPERATIONS – GULF OF MEXICO

Example




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan         51
                                                                               XYZ Marine Inc.

PART C - SAMPLE STS TRANSFER OPERATION LOG AND STS RECORD BOOK
         (OPTIONAL)

C.1    SAMPLE STS TRANSFER OPERATION LOG (OPTIONAL)


STS TRANSFER OPERATION LOG

 STS OPERATION REFERENCE NO.:                 GT-STS-GULF00002

 SHIP NAME:                                   Green Tree

 DATE OF TRANSFER:                            23-05-2011

 RECORD ISSUED DATE:                          25-05-2011


                                   Discharging Vessel             Receiving Vessel

 Ship Name                         Blue Sky                       Green Tree

 IMO Number                        345985                         9988776

 Flag / Port of Registry

 Call Sign                         BC7KT                          SA5PT

 Operator                          TKP Ship Management Co.        XYZ Marine Inc.

 Dimensions: Loa x B x D X T       333 x 60 x 29 x 20.8           174 x 32.2 x 18.2 x 11 m
 Deadweight                        306,200                         54,100

 Class Society                     ABS                             ABS

 Port of Origin

 Port of Destination


 A.   PRODUCT TRANSFERRED
 (Include cargo type and approximate amount received or delivered)
 Crude oil, ……



 B.   AREA OF STS OPERATION AND LIMITING WEATHER CRITERIA
 (Identify lightering location or zone used, regulations imposed by local Authority, where
 applicable, and describe limiting weather criteria)
 STS Operation Area:
     Designated rendezvous point off Cape Henlopen, Delaware River
                  o
     Latitude 38 35‟ North
                  o
     Longitude 74 27‟ West




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                      52
                                                                                 XYZ Marine Inc.


 C.   DURATION OF STS OPERATION
 (Duration of transfer operation, time of arrival in the lightering area and departing time and
 date)
 Time/date of arrival: ……………
 Time/date of completion: ………………..

 E.   STS OPERATION MANAGEMENT
 (Identify STS organizer, person in overall advisory control (POAC), STS service provider (or
 STS operator)- if employed, staff of each ship assigned for STS operation)
 STS Organizer              XYZ Marine Inc.

 Person in Overall          STS Superintendent,
 Advisory Control
 STS Service Provider       DVD marine Services

 Staff on STS Duties        Master
                            Chief Office
                            Deck watch for mooring
                            Manifold watch
                            Helmsman rotation scheme
                            Engine room crew rotation scheme
                            … etc.



 F.   STS SERVICE PROVIDER CERTIFICATION
 (Confirm qualification of STS service provider and its assigned STS superintendent, and
 verify vetting approval of STS equipment, if applicable)
 Qualification of Service
 Provider

 STS Superintendent
 Qualification


 G.   STS MARINE EQUIPMENT

 Appropriate equipment, as outlined in the STS plan, ICS/OCIMF STS Transfer Guide, Petroleum
 (Chapter 9) and IMO on Oil Pollution, Section 1 - Prevention, for the performance of this STS
 operation has been provided by DVD Marine Services.
 Primary fenders: Four 6.5 x 3.3 m (20 x 11 feet) pneumatic rubber fenders
 Secondary fenders: Four 3.0 x 1.5 m (10 x 15 feet) pneumatic rubber fenders


 H. STS OPERATION NOTIFICATION TO AUTHORITY
 (Include the contact numbers of local authority)
 Confirm advance notice made to local authority
 U.S. Coat Guard, Captain of the Port office:


M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                         53
                                                                                   XYZ Marine Inc.



 I. COMMUNICATION ARRANGEMENTS
 (Include the contact numbers of local authority)
 Prudent and customary communications, as provided in the Ship‟s approved STS Plan, ICS/OCIMF
 STS Transfer Guide, Petroleum (Chapter 4) and the IMO Manual on Oil Pollution, Section 1 –
 Prevention, have been followed.
 No non-conformity is reported.



 J.   SAEFTY PRECAUTIONS

 Prudent and customary safe practices, as provided in the Ship‟s approved STS Plan, ICS/OCIMF
 STS Transfer Guide, Petroleum (Chapter 3) and the Company‟s Fleet Operation Manual, have been
 followed.
 No non-conformity is reported.



 K.   CONTINGENCY PLANS

 The Company has conducted a risk assessment for its STS transfer operations in the general
 lightering zone of the Gulf of Mexico.
 Prudent and customary contingency planning and emergency procedures, as provided in the STS
 plan and the Company‟s assessment study, have been followed.


 L.   OPERATIONAL PREPARATIONS

 Prudent and customary safe practices, as provided in the Ship‟s approved STS Plan, ICS/OCIMF
 STS Transfer Guide, Petroleum (Chapter 5), IMO Manual on Oil Pollution, Section I - Prevention and
 the Company‟s Fleet Operation Manual., have been followed.

 Joint plan of operation        Joint plan developed in alignment with the Ship‟s STS plan based on
                                the information exchanged with the discharging vessel, M.T. Blue
                                Sky.
                                Document of joint plan is included in this Record.
 Comprehensive briefing         In accordance with the communication procedures identified in the
                                STS plan, the master and chief officer had conducted a
                                comprehensive briefing to the crew on the equipment and
                                procedures outlines in the joint plan and the STS plan.



 M.   MANEUVERING AND MOORING

 Prudent and customary safe practices, as provided in the Ship‟s approved STS Plan, ICS/OCIMF
 STS Transfer Guide, Petroleum (Chapter 6), IMO Manual on Oil Pollution, Section I - Prevention and
 OCIMF Mooring Equipment Guidelines and the Code of Safe Working Practices for Merchant
 Seaman (CSWP), have been followed.
 No non-conformity is reported.




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                           54
                                                                                    XYZ Marine Inc.

 N. CARGO TRANSFER (PROCEDURES ALONGSIDE)
 (Record the transfer location)
 Prudent and customary safe practices, as provided in the Ship‟s approved STS Plan, ICS/OCIMF
 STS Transfer Guide, Petroleum (Sec. 7.1-7.2), IMO Manual on Oil Pollution, Section I - Prevention
 and the Company‟s Fleet Operation Manual, have been followed.
 No non-conformity is reported.


 O.   MANAGEMENT OF CARGO TRANSFER

 Prudent and customary safe practices, as provided in the Ship‟s approved STS Plan, ICS/OCIMF
 STS Transfer Guide, Petroleum (Sec. 7.4-7.5), IMO Manual on Oil Pollution, Section I - Prevention
 (Sec. 6.5-6.6) and the Company‟s Fleet Operation Manual, have been followed.
 No non-conformity is reported.



 P.   UNMOORING

 Prudent and customary safe practices will be followed, as provided in the Ship‟s approved STS Plan,
 ICS/OCIMF STS Transfer Guide, Petroleum (Chapter 8), IMO Manual on Oil Pollution, Section I -
 Prevention (Sec.6.6.3) and the Company‟s Fleet Operation Manual.
 No non-conformity is reported.



 Q. REPORTING
 (Upon completion of transfer operation, notify authority & company, complete cargo transfer
 document, collect all completed checklists and relevant records.)
 Lightering operation completed at 1445 hours and the Master notified U.S. Coast Guard Port office
 and the Company immediately after and provided cargo transfer document.
 All the completed STS checklists (No. 1 – 5) together with the lightering notifications and related
 documents have been collected and verified. They have been appended in this report Record.



 RECORD APPROVAL AND SIGNATURE
 (By person in charge of vessel)

 Name: John Smith                                              Rank: Master


 Signature:                                                    Date: 14-04-2011



Append other relevant records, logs, reports related to the subject STS operation, as
deemed appropriate.




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                        55
                                                                        XYZ Marine Inc.

C.2    STS RECORD BOOK (OPTIONAL)

Example

I. EVENT LOG of STS OPERATIONS

 STS             Date       STS Location   Other Vessel   Product       Remarks
 Reference No.                                            Transferred




II. STS TRANSFER OPERATION LOGS




M.T. Ship Name – STS Plan                    56

				
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