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The 2011 Import and Export Market for Portland Cement, Aluminous Cement, Slag Cement, Supersulfate Cement, and Similar Hydraulic Cements in the United States by ICONGroup

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On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulfate cement, and similar hydraulic cements in the United States face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulfate cement, and similar hydraulic cements to the United States? How important is the United States compared to others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the imports of portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulfate cement, and similar hydraulic cements vary from one country of origin to another in the United States? On the supply side, the United States also exports portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulfate cement, and similar hydraulic cements. Which countries receive the most exports from the United States? How are these exports concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers? This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and import/export managers who are concerned with the market for portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulfate cement, and similar hydraulic cements in the United States. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulfate cement, and similar hydraulic cements for those countries serving the United States via exports, or supplying from the United States via imports. It does so for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models. In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where the United States fits into the world market for

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									 The 2011 Import and Export
 Market for Portland Cement,
   Aluminous Cement, Slag
 Cement, Supersulfate Cement,
    and Similar Hydraulic
 Cements in the United States

                                         By
                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)




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                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.



                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.



                               Acknowledgements
Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.



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                           About ICON Group Ltd.
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                                                        Contents        v


Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                                  8
2     THE UNITED STATES AND THE WORLD MARKET                       10
    2.1    Imports in the United States in 2011                    10
    2.2    Exports from the United States in 2011                  11
3     IMPORTS IN THE UNITED STATES                                 12
    3.1      Africa                                                12
       3.1.1    Egypt                                              12
    3.2      Asia                                                  13
       3.2.1    China                                              13
       3.2.2    Hong Kong                                          14
       3.2.3    Indonesia                                          15
       3.2.4    Japan                                              16
       3.2.5    Philippines                                        17
       3.2.6    South Korea                                        18
       3.2.7    Taiwan                                             19
       3.2.8    Thailand                                           20
    3.3      Europe                                                21
       3.3.1    Belgium                                            21
       3.3.2    Bulgaria                                           22
       3.3.3    Croatia                                            23
       3.3.4    Denmark                                            24
       3.3.5    France                                             25
       3.3.6    Germany                                            26
       3.3.7    Greece                                             27
       3.3.8    Italy                                              28
       3.3.9    Norway                                             29
       3.3.10 Poland                                               30
       3.3.11 Spain                                                31
       3.3.12 Sweden                                               32
       3.3.13 Switzerland                                          32
       3.3.14 the Netherlands                                      33
       3.3.15 the United Kingdom                                   34
    3.4      Latin America                                         35
       3.4.1    Brazil                                             35
       3.4.2    Colombia                                           35
       3.4.3    Honduras                                           36
       3.4.4    Mexico                                             36
       3.4.5    Peru                                               37
       3.4.6    Venezuela                                          37
    3.5      North America & the Caribbean                         38
       3.5.1    Barbados                                           38
       3.5.2    Canada                                             38
       3.5.3    Dominican Republic                                 39
    3.6      Oceana                                                39
       3.6.1    Australia                                          39
    3.7      the Middle East                                       40
       3.7.1    the United Arab Emirates                           40
       3.7.2    Turkey                                             41



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                                                 Contents        vi

4     EXPORTS FROM THE UNITED STATES                        42
    4.1      Africa                                         42
       4.1.1    Benin                                       42
       4.1.2    Cameroon                                    43
       4.1.3    South Africa                                44
       4.1.4    the Gambia                                  45
    4.2      Asia                                           46
       4.2.1    China                                       46
       4.2.2    India                                       47
       4.2.3    Indonesia                                   48
       4.2.4    Japan                                       49
       4.2.5    Malaysia                                    50
       4.2.6    Philippines                                 51
       4.2.7    Singapore                                   52
       4.2.8    South Korea                                 53
       4.2.9    Taiwan                                      54
       4.2.10 Thailand                                      54
    4.3      Europe                                         55
       4.3.1    Belgium                                     55
       4.3.2    Denmark                                     56
       4.3.3    France                                      57
       4.3.4    Germany                                     58
       4.3.5    Iceland                                     59
       4.3.6    Ireland                                     59
       4.3.7    Italy                                       60
       4.3.8    Poland                                      61
       4.3.9    Russia                                      62
       4.3.10 Spain                                         63
       4.3.11 Sweden                                        64
       4.3.12 the Netherlands                               65
       4.3.13 the United Kingdom                            66
    4.4      Latin America                                  67
       4.4.1    Argentina                                   67
       4.4.2    Brazil                                      68
       4.4.3    Colombia                                    69
       4.4.4    Costa Rica                                  69
       4.4.5    Ecuador                                     70
       4.4.6    Guatemala                                   70
       4.4.7    Guyana                                      71
       4.4.8    Mexico                                      71
       4.4.9    Nicaragua                                   72
       4.4.10 Panama                                        72
       4.4.11 Peru                                          73
    4.5      North America & the Caribbean                  74
       4.5.1    Canada                                      74
       4.5.2    Trinidad and Tobago                         75
    4.6      Oceana                                         76
       4.6.1    Australia                                   76
       4.6.2    New Zealand                                 77
    4.7      the Middle East                                77
       4.7.1    Bahrain                                     77
       4.7.2    Israel                                      78
       4.7.3    Oman                                        78

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                                                              Contents        vii

      4.7.4     Qatar                                                    79
      4.7.5     Saudi Arabia                                             80
      4.7.6     Turkey                                                   81
5     DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS             82
    5.1       Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  82
    5.2       ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  83




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Portland Cement, Aluminous Cement, Slag Cement, Supersulfate Cement, and Similar Hydraulic Cements in
the United States                                                                          8


1      INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY
On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on portland cement, aluminous
cement, slag cement, supersulfate cement, and similar hydraulic cements in the United States face
a number of questions. Which countries are supplying portland cement, aluminous cement, slag
cement, supersulfate cement, and similar hydraulic cements to the United States? How important
is the United States compared to others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How
much do the imports of portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulfate cement,
and similar hydraulic cements vary from one country of origin to another in the United States?
On the supply side, the United States also exports portland cement, aluminous cement, slag
cement, supersulfate cement, and similar hydraulic cements. Which countries receive the most
exports from the United States? How are these exports concentrated across buyers? What is the
value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for portland cement, aluminous
cement, slag cement, supersulfate cement, and similar hydraulic cements in the United States.
With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view.
Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after the
fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate
the market for portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulfate cement, and similar
hydraulic cements for those countries serving the United States via exports, or supplying from the
United States via imports. It does so for the current year based on a variety of key historical
indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where the United States fits into the world
market for imported and exported portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulfate
cement, and similar hydraulic cements. The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide
basis, and those for the United States in particular, is estimated using a model which aggregates
across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year. From there, each
country represents a percent of the world market. This market is served from a number of
competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side dynamics, market shares
by country of origin are then calculated across each country market destination. These shares
lead to a volume of import and export values for each country and are aggregated to regional and
world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain maximum likelihood estimates of both the value
of each market and the share that the United States is likely to receive this year. From these
figures, rankings are calculated to allow managers to prioritize the United States compared to
other major country markets. In this way, all the figures provided in this report are forecasts that
can be combined with internal information sources for strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of portland cement,
aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulfate cement, and similar hydraulic cements, Chapter 3
goes into detail on imports, but for each major country of origin serving the United States. A

www.icongrouponline.com                                                       ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
Portland Cement, Aluminous Cement, Slag Cement, Supersulfate Cement, and Similar Hydraulic Cements in
the United States                                                                          9

“major” market is defined as a country where the United States represents a substantially large
share of either imports or exports. For each major country exporting to the United States, one can
thus observe how important the United States is to that exporting country compared to other
countries of the world. Chapter 4 does the same, but for exports of portland cement, aluminous
cement, slag cement, supersulfate cement, and similar hydraulic cements originating from the
United States, for each major country of destination. In doing so, one can discover the share that
the United States has in each major market; this share value is often used as a measure of
competitiveness for the United States. In all cases, the total dollar volume and percentage share
values by major trading partner are provided. Combined, Chapters 3 and 4 present a the total
picture for imports and exports of portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulfate
cement, and similar hydraulic cements to and from the United States to and from all other major
countries in the world. "Portland Cement, Aluminous Cement, Slag Cement, Supersulfate
Cement, and Similar Hydraulic Cements" as a category is defined in this report following the
definition given by the United Nations Statistics Division Classification Registry using the
Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The SITC code that
defined "portland cement, aluminous cement, slag cement, supersulfate cement, and similar
hydraulic cements" is 6612 . For more information on this definition, please refer to the
following web site:
http://unstats.un.o
								
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