The 2011 Import and Export Market for Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) in China

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					   The 2011 Import and Export
   Market for Neutral Sodium
      Carbonate (Disodium
      Carbonate) in China




                                         By
                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)




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                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.



                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.



                               Acknowledgements
Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.



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                                                   Contents        v


Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                             7
2     CHINA AND THE WORLD MARKET                               9
    2.1        Imports in China in 2011                        9
    2.2        Exports from China in 2011                     10
3     IMPORTS IN CHINA                                        11
    3.1        Asia                                           11
       3.1.1     China                                        11
       3.1.2     Hong Kong                                    12
       3.1.3     Japan                                        12
       3.1.4     Taiwan                                       12
    3.2        Europe                                         13
       3.2.1     Germany                                      13
    3.3        North America & the Caribbean                  14
       3.3.1     the United States                            14
    3.4        Oceana                                         15
       3.4.1     Australia                                    15
4     EXPORTS FROM CHINA                                      16
    4.1      Africa                                           16
       4.1.1   Mauritius                                      16
       4.1.2   South Africa                                   16
       4.1.3   Sudan                                          17
    4.2      Asia                                             17
       4.2.1   China                                          17
       4.2.2   Hong Kong                                      17
       4.2.3   India                                          18
       4.2.4   Indonesia                                      18
       4.2.5   Japan                                          19
       4.2.6   Malaysia                                       19
       4.2.7   Mongolia                                       20
       4.2.8   Philippines                                    20
       4.2.9   Singapore                                      21
       4.2.10 South Korea                                     21
       4.2.11 Taiwan                                          22
       4.2.12 Thailand                                        22
    4.3      Europe                                           23
       4.3.1   France                                         23
       4.3.2   the United Kingdom                             23
    4.4      Latin America                                    24
       4.4.1   Argentina                                      24
       4.4.2   Brazil                                         24
       4.4.3   Costa Rica                                     25
       4.4.4   Ecuador                                        25
       4.4.5   Guatemala                                      26
       4.4.6   Mexico                                         26
       4.4.7   Nicaragua                                      26
       4.4.8   Peru                                           27
    4.5      North America & the Caribbean                    27
       4.5.1   the United States                              27


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                                                            Contents        vi

    4.6      Oceana                                                    28
       4.6.1    Australia                                              28
       4.6.2    New Zealand                                            28
    4.7      the Middle East                                           29
       4.7.1    Pakistan                                               29
       4.7.2    Qatar                                                  29
       4.7.3    Saudi Arabia                                           30
       4.7.4    Yemen                                                  30
5     DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS           31
    5.1     Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  31
    5.2     ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  32




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                                    Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) in China       7


1      INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY
On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on neutral sodium carbonate
(disodium carbonate) in China face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying neutral
sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate) to China? How important is China compared to others in
terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the imports of neutral sodium
carbonate (disodium carbonate) vary from one country of origin to another in China? On the
supply side, China also exports neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate). Which countries
receive the most exports from China? How are these exports concentrated across buyers? What
is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for neutral sodium carbonate
(disodium carbonate) in China. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be
contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which
appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic
and trade models, to estimate the market for neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate) for
those countries serving China via exports, or supplying from China via imports. It does so for the
current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where China fits into the world market for
imported and exported neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate). The total level of imports
and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for China in particular, is estimated using a model
which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year.
From there, each country represents a percent of the world market. This market is served from a
number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side dynamics,
market shares by country of origin are then calculated across each country market destination.
These shares lead to a volume of import and export values for each country and are aggregated to
regional and world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain maximum likelihood estimates of
both the value of each market and the share that China is likely to receive this year. From these
figures, rankings are calculated to allow managers to prioritize China compared to other major
country markets. In this way, all the figures provided in this report are forecasts that can be
combined with internal information sources for strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of neutral sodium
carbonate (disodium carbonate), Chapter 3 goes into detail on imports, but for each major country
of origin serving China. A “major” market is defined as a country where China represents a
substantially large share of either imports or exports. For each major country exporting to China,
one can thus observe how important China is to that exporting country compared to other
countries of the world. Chapter 4 does the same, but for exports of neutral sodium carbonate
(disodium carbonate) originating from China, for each major country of destination. In doing so,
one can discover the share that China has in each major market; this share value is often used as a
measure of competitiveness for China. In all cases, the total dollar volume and percentage share


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                                     Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) in China         8

values by major trading partner are provided. Combined, Chapters 3 and 4 present a the total
picture for imports and exports of neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate) to and from
China to and from all other major countries in the world. "Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium
Carbonate)" as a category is defined in this report following the definition given by the United
Nations Statistics Division Classification Registry using the Standard International Trade
Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The SITC code that defined "neutral sodium carbonate
(disodium carbonate)" is 52372 . For more information on this definition, please refer to the
following web site:
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/cr/registry/regcs.asp?Cl=14&Lg=1&Co=523 .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at www.icongrouponline.com.

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For example, "mad cow" disease, foot-and-mouth
disease, trade embargoes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism and other events will certainly
affect the actual trade flows recorded for a variety of industry or product categories. In such
cases, the difference between the numbers given in this report and the numbers actually observed
might be interpreted as the "net loss" or "net gain" due to these exogenous events affecting
regular trade flows that would have occurred had these events not have taken place.




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                                       Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) in China           9


2       CHINA AND THE WORLD MARKET
2.1         IMPORTS IN CHINA IN 2011
      Imported Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) in China, 2011
                              (Structure of Foreign Import Competition)

Country of Origin             Rank          Value (000 US$)             % Share        Cumulative %
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
the United States                  1                   17,380               94.72                 94.72
Australia                          2                      353                1.92                 96.64
Germany                            3                      214                1.17                 97.81
China                              4                      205                1.12                 98.93
Japan                              5                      104                0.57                 99.49
Taiwan                             6                       64                0.35                 99.84
Hong Kong                          7                       29                0.16                100.00
Total                                                  18,349              100.00                100.00
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    Source: Philip M. PARKER, Professor, INSEAD, copyright 2011, www.icongrouponline.com




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                                      Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) in China          10


2.2         EXPORTS FROM CHINA IN 2011
      Neutral Sodium Carbonate (Disodium Carbonate) Exports from China, 2011
Country of Destination        Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________
South Korea                       1                  120,633                30.74                 30.74
Indonesia                         2                  120,502                30.71                 61.45
Thailand                          3                   48,058                12.25                 73.70
Japan                             4                   35,852                 9.14                 82.83
Taiwan                            5                   18,991                 4.84                 87.67
Philippines                       6                   15,467                 3.94                 91.61
Malaysia                          7                   13,212                 3.37                 94.98
Pakistan                          8                    4,093                 1.04                 96.02
Singapore                         9                    3,397                 0.87                 96.89
Ecuador                          10                    2,800                 0.71                 97.60
India                            11                    2,596                 0.66                 98.27
Costa Rica                       12                    1,467                 0.37                 98.64
Hong Kong                        13                      671                 0.17                 98.81
Yemen                            14                      563                 0.14                 98.95
Australia                        15                      486                 0.12                 99.08
Peru 
				
DOCUMENT INFO
Description: On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate) in China face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate) to China? How important is China compared to others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the imports of neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate) vary from one country of origin to another in China? On the supply side, China also exports neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate). Which countries receive the most exports from China? How are these exports concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers? This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and import/export managers who are concerned with the market for neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate) in China. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate) for those countries serving China via exports, or supplying from China via imports. It does so for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models. In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where China fits into the world market for imported and exported neutral sodium carbonate (disodium carbonate). The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for China in particular, is estimated using a model which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the current year. From there, each country represents a percent of the world market. This market is served from a number of competitive countries of origin. Based on
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