The 2011 Import and Export Market for Linear Acting Hydraulic Power Engines, Motors, and Cylinders in Japan by ICONGroup


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									   The 2011 Import and Export
    Market for Linear Acting
    Hydraulic Power Engines,
    Motors, and Cylinders in

                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)                                      ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

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this report.                                                                   ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.

                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.

Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.                                                    ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.

                           About ICON Group Ltd.
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                                                 Contents        v

Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                           7
2     JAPAN AND THE WORLD MARKET                             9
    2.1     Imports in Japan in 2011                         9
    2.2     Exports from Japan in 2011                      10
3     IMPORTS IN JAPAN                                      11
    3.1      Asia                                           11
       3.1.1   China                                        11
       3.1.2   Hong Kong                                    12
       3.1.3   India                                        12
       3.1.4   Indonesia                                    13
       3.1.5   Philippines                                  13
       3.1.6   Singapore                                    14
       3.1.7   South Korea                                  15
       3.1.8   Taiwan                                       16
       3.1.9   Thailand                                     16
    3.2      Europe                                         17
       3.2.1   Austria                                      17
       3.2.2   Belgium                                      18
       3.2.3   Bulgaria                                     19
       3.2.4   Czech Republic                               20
       3.2.5   Denmark                                      21
       3.2.6   Finland                                      22
       3.2.7   France                                       23
       3.2.8   Germany                                      24
       3.2.9   Italy                                        25
       3.2.10 Norway                                        26
       3.2.11 Slovakia                                      27
       3.2.12 Spain                                         28
       3.2.13 Sweden                                        29
       3.2.14 the Netherlands                               30
    3.3      North America & the Caribbean                  31
       3.3.1   Canada                                       31
       3.3.2   the United States                            32
4     EXPORTS FROM JAPAN                                    33
    4.1      Africa                                         33
       4.1.1   South Africa                                 33
    4.2      Asia                                           34
       4.2.1   China                                        34
       4.2.2   Hong Kong                                    35
       4.2.3   Indonesia                                    36
       4.2.4   Malaysia                                     37
       4.2.5   Singapore                                    38
       4.2.6   South Korea                                  39
       4.2.7   Thailand                                     40
    4.3      Europe                                         41
       4.3.1   Austria                                      41
       4.3.2   Belarus                                      42
       4.3.3   Belgium                                      43                      ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                                                           Contents        vi

       4.3.4    Croatia                                               44
       4.3.5    Czech Republic                                        45
       4.3.6    Denmark                                               46
       4.3.7    Finland                                               47
       4.3.8    France                                                48
       4.3.9    Germany                                               49
       4.3.10 Italy                                                   50
       4.3.11 Luxembourg                                              51
       4.3.12 Norway                                                  52
       4.3.13 Romania                                                 53
       4.3.14 Russia                                                  54
       4.3.15 Slovakia                                                55
       4.3.16 Sweden                                                  56
       4.3.17 the Netherlands                                         57
    4.4      Latin America                                            58
       4.4.1    Argentina                                             58
       4.4.2    Brazil                                                59
       4.4.3    Colombia                                              60
       4.4.4    Mexico                                                61
       4.4.5    Peru                                                  62
    4.5      North America & the Caribbean                            63
       4.5.1    Canada                                                63
       4.5.2    the United States                                     64
    4.6      Oceana                                                   65
       4.6.1    Australia                                             65
       4.6.2    New Zealand                                           66
    4.7      the Middle East                                          66
       4.7.1    Bahrain                                               66
       4.7.2    Pakistan                                              67
       4.7.3    Turkey                                                67
    5.1    Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  68
    5.2    ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  69                                ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                       Linear Acting Hydraulic Power Engines, Motors, and Cylinders in Japan      7

On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on linear acting hydraulic power
engines, motors, and cylinders in Japan face a number of questions. Which countries are
supplying linear acting hydraulic power engines, motors, and cylinders to Japan? How important
is Japan compared to others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the
imports of linear acting hydraulic power engines, motors, and cylinders vary from one country of
origin to another in Japan? On the supply side, Japan also exports linear acting hydraulic power
engines, motors, and cylinders. Which countries receive the most exports from Japan? How are
these exports concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries
are the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for linear acting hydraulic power
engines, motors, and cylinders in Japan. With the globalization of this market, managers can no
longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics
which appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on
macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for linear acting hydraulic power
engines, motors, and cylinders for those countries serving Japan via exports, or supplying from
Japan via imports. It does so for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators
and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where Japan fits into the world market for
imported and exported linear acting hydraulic power engines, motors, and cylinders. The total
level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those for Japan in particular, is estimated
using a model which aggregates across over 150 key country markets and projects these to the
current year. From there, each country represents a percent of the world market. This market is
served from a number of competitive countries of origin. Based on both demand- and supply-
side dynamics, market shares by country of origin are then calculated across each country market
destination. These shares lead to a volume of import and export values for each country and are
aggregated to regional and world totals. In doing so, we are able to obtain maximum likelihood
estimates of both the value of each market and the share that Japan is likely to receive this year.
From these figures, rankings are calculated to allow managers to prioritize Japan compared to
other major country markets. In this way, all the figures provided in this report are forecasts that
can be combined with internal information sources for strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of linear acting hydraulic
power engines, motors, and cylinders, Chapter 3 goes into detail on imports, but for each major
country of origin serving Japan. A “major” market is defined as a country where Japan represents
a substantially large share of either imports or exports. For each major country exporting to
Japan, one can thus observe how important Japan is to that exporting country compared to other
countries of the world. Chapter 4 does the same, but for exports of linear acting hydraulic power
engines, motors, and cylinders originating from Japan, for each major country of destination. In                                                       ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                        Linear Acting Hydraulic Power Engines, Motors, and Cylinders in Japan       8

doing so, one can discover the share that Japan has in each major market; this share value is often
used as a measure of competitiveness for Japan. In all cases, the total dollar volume and
percentage share values by major trading partner are provided. Combined, Chapters 3 and 4
present a the total picture for imports and exports of linear acting hydraulic power engines,
motors, and cylinders to and from Japan to and from all other major countries in the world.
"Linear Acting Hydraulic Power Engines, Motors, and Cylinders" as a category is defined in this
report following the definition given by the United Nations Statistics Division Classification
Registry using the Standard International Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The
SITC code that defined "linear acting hydraulic power engines, motors, and cylinders" is 71891 .
For more information on this definition, please refer to the following web site: .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at

Important Caveat. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are forecasted for the current year of trade. More importantly, in light of the fact
that unforeseeable factors might interrupt markets in achieving their reported levels, the figures
should be seen as estimates of potential. For example, "mad cow" disease, foot-and-mouth
disease, trade embargoes, military conflicts, acts of terrorism and other events will certainly
affect the actual trade flows recorded for a variety of industry or product categories. In such
cases, the difference between the numbers given in this report and the numbers actually observed
might be interpreted as the "net loss" or "net gain" due to these exogenous events affecting
regular trade flows that would have occurred had these events not have taken place.                                                        ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
                         Linear Acting Hydraulic Power Engines, Motors, and Cylinders in Japan          9

2.1         IMPORTS IN JAPAN IN 2011
Imported Linear Acting Hydraulic Power Engines, Motors, and Cylinders in Japan,
                              (Structure of Foreign Import Competition)

Country of Origin             Rank         Value (000 US$)              % Share        Cumulative %
South Korea                       1                   36,884                33.13                 33.13
the United States                 2                   21,834                19.61                 52.74
China                             3                   11,841                10.64                 63.38
Germany                           4                   10,117                 9.09                 72.47
Thailand                          5                    6,165                 5.54                 78.01
Sweden                            6                    3,967                 3.56                 81.57
India                             7                    3,553                 3.19                 84.76
Finland                           8                    3,265                 2.93                 87.69
Italy                             9                    3,067                 2.75                 90.45
Taiwan                           10                    1,673                 1.50                 91.95
Denmark                          11                    1,651                 1.48                 93.43
Canada                           12                    1,624                 1.46                 94.89
the Netherlands                  13                    1,318                 1.18                 96.08
France                           14                      922                 0.83                 96.91
Singapore                        15                      783                 0.70                 97.61
Austria                          16                      744                 0.67                 98.28
Slovakia                         17                      605                 0.54                 98.82
Indonesia                        18                      488                 0.44                 99.26
Belgium                          19                      300                 0.27                 99.53
Norway                           20                      176                 0.16                 99.69
Spain                            21                      171                 0.15                 99.84
Philippines                      22                       89                 0.08                 99.92
Hong Kong                        23                       50                 0.04                 99.96
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