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Debate and Speech Judges Briefing

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Debate and Speech Judges Briefing Powered By Docstoc
					Judges Briefing - Policy & Values Debates
     Policy vs. Values Debates
     Discussion Style
     Cross Examination Style
     Parliamentary Style
     Speech Rounds
     Bilingual Debate
     Impromptu Debate                                                    Based on an original presentation by Dennis
                                                                          Nesseth, Yorkton Regional High School


 *all styles and categories are not necessarily used at each tournament
Introduction
    Thank you - Schedule
    Are you qualified? Yes
    What are you supposed to do?
        Watch the debate and pick the winning
         team
        Give each debater a score based on
         how they spoke
        Give some friendly,
           constructive comments
                                                 1
How a Policy Debate Runs
    Two teams facing off
    Affirmative team supports the
     resolution (presents a problem,
     states needs for change,
     introduces a plan to solve the
     problem)
    Negative team opposes the
     resolution (demonstrates that the
     affirmative case is flawed and the

 
     plan unworkable)
     Today’s resolution:
                                          2
How a Values Debate Runs
    Two teams facing off
    Affirmative team supports the
     resolution (demonstrates true/false,
     right/wrong, good/bad, etc.)
    Negative team opposes the
     resolution (demonstrates that the
     affirmative case is flawed)
    Today’s resolution:

                                            2v
Your Role
    Observe
    Change rooms if conflict of interest
     with debater
    Write notes on ballot
    Let the moderator host the debate
    When students finish take time to
     complete ballots privately
    Moderator will consult each judge
     for his / her choice                   3
    Make comments after Moderator
     announces winner
Fundamental Parts of Debate
  See   ballot




                              4
Discussion style (green/yellow ballots)
    Grades 6-8 and Grade 9
    Each debater speaks for 4 minutes (junior)
     or 5 minutes (senior)
    After the four constructive speeches, there
     is a 6 minute (junior) or 10 minute (senior)
     Discussion Period controlled by the
     moderator
    One minute contributions, no speech
     making
    Equal participation
     After, there is a break to prepare a rebuttal
 
    Rebuttal (3 minutes)                            5
Cross-Examination - (blue ballots)
    Grade 10 students, those new to debate
    Courtroom
    Each debater speaks for 5 minutes then is
     cross-examined for 3 minutes by an
     opposing debater (constructive, cross-x)
    See cross-examination section on ballot
    Hard hitting questions, good answers, no
     avoiding or browbeating
    After the four speeches and cross-
     examinations, there is a break to prepare a
     rebuttal
    Rebuttal (4 minutes)                          6
Parliamentary Style (pink ballots)
    Generally experienced debaters
    Legislature/House of Commons
    Prime Minister speaks for 5 minutes, the
     Opposition Member for 8 minutes,
     Government Minister for 8 minutes, Leader
     of the Opposition for 5 minutes
     constructively, then 3 minutes of official
     rebuttal, followed by the Prime Minister’s 3
     minute rebuttal
    Heckling and “role playing” is allowed
    Points of order/ Points of Privilege
    Questions                                      7
Affirmative Constructive Speeches - Policy
    First Affirmative
       Introduces the debate

       States the resolution

       Defines the terms

       States the needs for change

       Introduces outline of the plan

    Second Affirmative
       Clash, rebuild & strengthen
                                             8
       Fully develops the plan
Affirmative Constructive Speeches - Values
    First Affirmative
       Introduces the debate

       States the resolution

       Defines the terms

       States the needs for change

       NO PLAN NEEDED!

    Second Affirmative
       Clash, rebuild & strengthen
                                         8v
Negative Constructive Speeches - Policy
    First Negative
       Challenge unfair definitions

       Clash with case

       Challenge evidence

       Clash with the plan

       Build negative case

    Second Negative
       Clash, rebuild & strengthen
                                          9
       Attack plan
Negative Constructive Speeches - Values
    First Negative
       Challenge unfair definitions

       Clash with case

       Challenge evidence

       Build negative case

    Second Negative
       Clash, rebuild & strengthen
                                          9v
Plans & Counter-Plans
    Affirmative outlines plan in
     first speech and completely
     describes it in the second
    Addresses needs for change
    Negative strategies:
        defend  the status quo; or
        minor repairs; or
        counter-plans (first negative)
            alternate plan - same end
            alternate plan - new goal
                                          10
        burden to prove better plan
Evidence - Policy
    Accurate facts, statistics,
     authorities offered in support
     of contentions
    Thorough, relevant research
    Good analysis of the issues
    You may request
     documentation if suspect
     fabrication of evidence
                                      11
Evidence - Values
    Not as fact or evidence
     based as Policy debates
    Opinion backed by research
    Thorough, relevant research
    Good analysis of the issues
    Good illustrative examples
    General knowledge
    Claims Fact vs. Fiction
    Impromptu Round
                                   11v
Rebuttal
    Summary
    No new arguments, facts,
     statistics
    Explain why team should win
    Point out their own strengths,
     other team’s weaknesses
    Affirmative may directly
     address new points in the
     negative’s last speech           12
How to Fill Out Ballot
    Please complete ballot
     correctly and clearly
    Debaters’ names in right place
    Students will not see the ballot
    Write down significant points,
     evidence, refutation
    Winning team does not have to
     have the highest speaker points    13
Ballot Front
    2.       Please fill in the following information:

             Judge's Name         Ms. A. Judge Room 111                                                               Round I

             Affirmative:        Smith/Jones                                                           Do not ask what school
             (Government)        last name/last name                                                   the debaters represent.
             Negative            Brown/Green
             (Opposition)        last name/last name

    3. Enter the speakers' names in the order
       they will be speaking.                                                                2nd Neg/Leader of Opp.
                                                1st Neg./Opp. Member


                                                                       2nd Aff/Gov. Member




      Declare
     conflict of
                                   1st Aff/PM



                                                 BROWN




                                                                                              GREEN
                                                                        JONES
                                    SMITH




     interest


         Organization/strategy

          Evidence
          Delivery

          Refutation
                                                                                                                                 14
          Cross-Examination
Picking a winner
    No ties allowed
    Odd number of judges
    May need to select a senior or junior judge
     (all judges submit speaker points)
    Choose winner based on presentation of
     arguments, logic, evidence, and refutation
    Hard work, preparation, and research over
     style
    Even a weak point stands if it is
     unchallenged
 
 
     Leave personal opinions at the door
     When in doubt, go with your gut               15
Speaker Points
    Fill in names
    Speaker points are independent from win / loss (losing
     team can have higher speaker points)
    Ranges (half marks allowed)
         25      Impossibly perfect (0%)
         24      Extraordinary / incredible (1.5 %)
         23      Superlative, excellent (10%)
         21-22 Very good (25 %)
         20      Good (25%)
         17-19 Average to Good (33 %)
         15-16 Poor (4.5 %)
         13-14 Very weak, unprepared (1 %)
         12.5 and under    Rude, violates rules (0 %)
                                                              16
Rule Violations
    Debaters have opportunity to register rule
     violations
    DON’T PANIC
    Judges decide whether violation occurred,
     is it serious? Did it affect outcome?
    Common rule violations:
         Source, misquote
         New information in rebuttal
         Rudeness, personal attack (Zero tolerance)
      

      
          Disruptive
          Prompting                                    17
Giving Comments
    Constructive
    Encouraging
    Oreo cookie
    Watch the time and keep the
     tournament on schedule


                                   18
Speech Round
    After the third round of Debate, there will be a speech
     round for all the debaters
    The same four debaters stay in the room, as do the
     judges (unless otherwise instructed)
    The debaters randomly select a speaking order and
     write it on the board
    Each competitor waits in the hall until their turn
    Debaters receive the topic during the supper break
    Juniors must speak for a minimum of 3 minutes,
     maximum 5 minutes and Seniors 5 to 7 minutes
    Do not score the speakers until everyone is done
    Each speaker must receive a different score
    Follow the criteria on the ballot - 25% to each of
     Content, Organization, Speech mechanics, Style
                                                               19
Bilingual Debate
    Same rules as Cross-Examination
    Minimum of 25% in one language
    Aiming for 50/50
    Rebuttal in language least used
    Questions answered in language asked
    Use both languages to ask questions,
     but not in the same question
    Quotes in either language allowed
 

 
     Watch for time used properly
     Judge on understanding and ability to   20
     communicate rather than accent
Impromptu Debate
    Resolution released either at supper
     break or approximately 1/2 hour before
     the debate starts
    Watch for how well the terms were
     interpreted or “linked” - they must be fair
     and debatable
    Squirrelling is not allowed
    When squirrelling, debaters take the
     resolution and fit it into a “canned” case -

 
     one that was prepared in advance
     Plans may or may not be introduced
                                                    21
    All other rules of debate apply
Questions & Thank you!
    Saskatchewan Elocution and
     Debate Association (SEDA) is
     funded by Sask Lotteries.
    Your purchase of lottery tickets
     helps keep this and thousands
     of other programs operating
    Member of SaskCulture - you
     have just participated in a
     Cultural Activity!
                                        17

				
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