AP PSYCHOLOGY Review for the AP Exam

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					AP PSYCHOLOGY
Review for the AP Exam
1) Monozygotic is to identical as
   ________________ is to fraternal.
       dizygotic

     2) Perfect positive correlation is to +1.00 as
            ________________________ is to -
       perfect negative correlation
                                              1.00.
3) David Meyers is to happiness as
    Elizabeth Kubler Ross
   _______________________is to death
   and dying.

                                            2
        4) Latency is to 4 as anal is to _______.
5) John Locke is to tabula rosa as
   Charles Spearman
   _________________is to g factor.

      6) Freud is to psychosexual as Erikson is to
                    ________________________.
                           psychosocial


7) Cocaine is to dopamine as nicotine is to
        acetylcholine
   ____________________


             8) Awareness is to lucid dreaming as
                  hidden
            _______________ is to latent dream.
9) Alfred Binet is to IQ as
    Daniel Goleman
   ______________________is to EQ.

          10) Dysphasia is to the spoken word as
         _______________ is to the written word.
              dyslexia


                            satiation
11) Hunger is to eating as ___________is to full.


       12) Blood pressure is to non-conscious as
        ________________________________i
        something easily brought to mind
                              s to pre-conscious.
13) Height of a wave is to amplitude as
                             frequency
   waves per second are to ___________

                     just noticeable difference
      14) JND is to ________________________
            as MMPI is to Minnesota Multiphasic
                            Personality Inventory.

15) Axis II is to personality disorder and Axis V
          global assessment of functioning
   is to _____________________________

          16) The cerebral cortex is to higher level
                     limbic system or amygdala
        thinking as ________________________
                                      is to emotion.
17) Somatosensory cortex is to parietal lobe
                         frontal lobe
   as motor cortex is to ___________

                          Edward Thorndike
     18) Puzzle box is to _________________as
                  Skinner box is to B.F. Skinner.

19) Systematic procedures that cannot fail are
   to ___________ as time saving mental
      algorithms
   shortcuts is to heuristics.

              20) Dysthymia is to depression as
                          bipolar disorder
          hypomania is to __________________
21) Bobo is to observational learning as visual
                 depth perception
   cliff is to __________________

            22) Automatic is to implicit learning as
                                 explicit memory
        intentional effort is to ________________

23) Radical determinism is to behaviorism as
   ________________________ is to the
     reciprocal determinism
   social-cognitive theory.

                24) Depression is to serotonin as
                              dopamine
          schizophrenia is to ________________
                            stage 2
25) Sleep spindles are to ______________
   as delta waves are to stage 4 sleep.

                     26) Type A is to aggressive as
                         Type B
                      _____________is to relaxed

27) Resting potential is to polarization as action
   potential is to ________________
                   depolarization


           28) Prediction is to correlation study as
                    cause-effect relationship is to
                            experimental method
                           ___________________
29) Psychopath is to antisocial personality
                               schizophrenia
   disorder as psychotic is to _____________

     30) Max Wertheimer is to Gestalt psychology
           John B. Watson
       as _________________is to Behaviorism.

31) Natural observation is to description as
                            prediction
   correlation study is to ________________


       32) Knowledge of how your memory works
         is to metamemory as knowledge of how
        you problem solve is to metacognition
                                ______________
33) Sensory neurons are to afferent as motor
                   efferent neurons
   neurons are to ___________________

               34) Freud is to psychoanalysis as
           Gustav Fechner
        ____________________ is to depression.

35) Consistency is to reliability as accuracy is
   to ______________
       validity


           36) GABA is to Huntington’s disease as
             serotonin / norepinephrine
           ___________________________ is to
                                      derpession.
37) Occipital lobe is to vision as
    temporal lobe
   _________________ is to hearing.

   38) Cerebellum is to little brain as homunculus
                              little man
                    is to ___________________

                                hippocampus
39) The amygdala is to fear as _____________
   is to memory.


        40) Physical stimulation is to sensation as
            interpretation is to _______________.
                                 perception
41) Photoreceptors are to vision as
    hair cells
   _________________are to hearing.

            42) Valium is to anxiety as Paxil is to
                            depression
                      _____________________

                              transduction
43) Encoding is to memory as _____________
   is to sensation.


           44) Variable-ratio is to slot machine as
              __________________ is to factory
                   fixed-ratio
                                         piecework.
45) The MMPI is to objective test as the TAT
          projective test
   is to ______________________

                  46) Cone is to color as rod is to
                           black and white
                       ____________________

47) Tympanic membrane is to middle ear as
                  inner ear
   cochlea is to _____________________


                48) Self-actualization is to top as
             ___________________ is to bottom
               biological needs
49) Michael Gazzaniga is to split-brain research
        Sigmund Freud
   as _________________ is to id, ego, and
   superego.
                   50) Id is to pleasure principle as
                                reality principle
                   ego is to __________________

51) Mid-life crisis is to middle adulthood as
                          late adulthood
   reassessment is to ________________

                        52) Paradoxical sleep is to
                     _______________ as manic-
                        REM sleep
                   depressive is to bipolar disorder.
                        figure
53) Tree is to sky as ______________is to
   ground.

                              Humanism
          54) Empathy is to _______________ as
             free association is to psychoanalysis

55) Bird is to concept as Robin is to
   __________________
    prototype

                                     LTM
               56) Infinite is to ________________
                                      as 7 is to STM.
57) Stanley Milgram is to obedience as
    Leon Festinger
   _______________is to cognitive dissonance.

          58) James-Lange is to physiological first
                      Cannon Bard
                 as ____________________ is to
                                   simultaneous.

59) The study of brain structures is to
   biological psychology as the study of
                        cognitive psychology
   mental illness is to__________________

           60) The Wright Brothers are to aviation
                      as _______________ is to
                           Wilhelm Wundt
                                     psychology.
61) Regulation of thirst is to hypothalamus as
   relay of messages is to _________________
                              thalamus

         62) Range is to measure of variability as
         mode is to measure of central tendency
                    ________________________


63) MAOI is to monoamine oxidase inhibitor
   as SSRI is to
   Selective serotonin reuptake
   _________________________________
   inhibitor
            64) Long-term is to storage as acoustic
                        is to _________________
                               sensory
65) The removal of a chore is to
   ______________________ as the adding
   negative reinforcement
   of a chore is to positive punishment.
       66) Expectations and knowledge are to top-
          down processing as the color and shape
                      bottom-up processing
              are to _______________________
67) A fast response rate is to ratio schedule
   as a steady/constant response is to
   Interval schedule
   _______________________

                 68) Max Weber is to Weber’s Law
                       Edward Thorndike
                   as ___________________ is to
                                 the law of effect.
69) The conscious mind and the physical
   brain are to the mind-body problem as
   stage theories and continuous
   development are to the
     stage continuity problem
   _______________________
        70) Perceptual experiences lacking sensory
                           hallucinations
           stimuli are to _______________ as false
                             beliefs are to delusions.

71) Insomnia is to sleep disorder as ADHD is
      _____________________
   to developmental disorder

                72) SRRS is to stress as the MMPI
                            personality
                      is to ___________________
73) Multifactorial is to biopsychosocial model
   as predisposition is to the
   dianthesis stress model
   _____________________

       74) Dydthemia is to mood disorder as PTSD
                       is to __________________
                              anxiety disorder


75) Collective unconscious is to Jung as
                             Adler
   inferiority complex is to ______________


        76) Picture is to visual encoding as general
            meaning is to ____________________
                             semantic encoding
77) Alfred Binet is to the bell curve as
    Hermann Ebbinghaus
   _____________________is to the
   forgetting curve.

          78) Loss after trauma is to anterograde as
                 loss for events prior to trauma is to
                               retrograde
                            ____________________

79) Voluntary behaviors are to
   operant conditioning
   ___________________as involuntary
   behaviors are to classical conditioning.

          80) Aversive conditioning is to behavioral
                          techniques as RET is to
                           cognitive therapy
                          ___________________
81) Cognitive maps are to latent learning as
   trains and tunnels are to latent
    dream content
   _______________

                          82) Prefrontal cortex is to
           __________________ as the brainstem
           higher level thinking
                              is to vital functioning.

83) Norepinephrine is to mood as
   endorphines are to __________________
                       pain reduction

               84) Formation of new memories is to
           hippocampus as coordinated movement
                      cerebellum
           is to the _________________________
85) Valium and xanax are to
   benzodiazepines as Zoloft and Paxil are
      antidepressants/SSRIs
   to _____________________

      86) Robert Sternberg is to the triarchic theory
            of intelligence as _____________ is to
                             XXX
                        the triangular theory of love.
87) The best of two desireable activities is to
   the approach-approach as the lesser of
                    avoidance-avoidance
   two evils is to ____________________

           88) Optimal level is to arousal theory as
                              incentive theory
              rewards are to _________________
89) Experimental group is to treatment as
     control group
   __________________is to no treatment.

       90) Sticking to your guns even when proven
           wrong is to belief perserverance as only
            searching for a certain type of gun is to
                       _______________________
                        confirmation bias
91) Structure of consciousness is to
    structuralism
   _____________________ as flow of
   consciousness is to functionalism.

      92) Troubles falling asleep is to insomnia as
        sleeping too much is to ______________
                                    hypersomnia
93) The study of human behavior is to
   psychology as the study of psychoactive
               psychopharmacology
   drugs is to ________________________

      94) Circadian is to “about a day” as hypnosis
                           sleep
                   is to _____________________


95) The ACT is to aptitude test as the
   Advanced Placement Exam is to
   achievement test
   ____________________

     96) Creating solutions is to divergent thinking
                   as eliminating possibilities is to
                         convergent thinking
                         ____________________
97) Piaget is to cognitive as Kohlberg is to
    moral
   ____________


         98) Attachment is to Harlow as hierarchy of
                                    Maslow
                       needs is to _____________


99) Generativity v. Stagnation is to
   _________________ as integrity v.
     adulthood
   despair is to old age.

         100) Paper and pencil are to the Stanford-
                Binet as blocks and pictures are to
                         Wechsler Scales/Test
                   _________________________
101) Repeated is to reliable as accurate is to
   valid
  ________________

        102) The triarchic theory of intelligence is to
                                         Sternberg as
             Theory of Multiple Intelligences
           ____________________________ is to
                                              Gardner.

103) Social facilitation is to
  __________________________as social
     Increase in performance
  impairment is to reduction in performance.

            104) Kleptomania is to impulse-control
                disorder as hypochrondriasis is to
                        somotoform disorder
                 __________________________
105) Phil Zimbardo is to prison as Wilhelm
                first laboratory
  Wundt is to ______________________

         106) Acquisition is to classical conditioning
                                        as alarm is to
                General Adaptation Syndrome
              ______________________________

107) Albert Bandura is to reciprocal
                   Walter Mischel
  determinism as _________________ is to
  person x situation (cognitive/affective
  theory)

           108) Medical concerns are to Axis III as
             __________________
         environmental concerns are to Axis IV.
109) Obsession is to thought as
   compulsion
  _________________ is to ritualistic action

              110) Hue is to color as saturation is to
                   __________________________
                                         purity


                      movement
111) Kinesthesia is to__________________
   as vestibular sense is to sense of balance

                 112) Light intensity is to different
        ___________________ as frequency is to
           brightness
                                    different pitch.
113) Humanistic and psychanalytic are to
  insight therapy as behavioral and cognitive
                      ___________________
  if to solution therapy.
         114) Disorganized thoughts, hallucinations
           and delusions are to positive symptoms
                    flat affect
                as _____________ are to negative
                                        symptoms.
115) Joseph Wolpe is to systematic
                      Albert Ellis
  desensitization as ___________ is to RET

             116) Toilet training is to anal stage as
                               Oedipal complex is to
                                phallic stage
                                ________________
117) Place is to context dependent memory
       mood
  as ______ is to state dependent memory.

         118) Phineas Gage is to the frontal lobe as
                                  hippocampus
          Clive Wearing is to the _______________

119) Specific and systematic procedures are
  to formal reasoning (deductive) as
  believability and availabilty are to
   informal (inductive)
  ________________
       120) Association is to classical conditioning
        as reinforcements and punishments are to
                     operant conditioning
                    ________________________
121) Michael Gazzaniga is to biological
  psychology as Phil Zimbardo is to
   social psychology
  _________________
             122) Acetylcholine is to Alzheimer’s as
             ________________ is to Parkinson’s.
                  dopamine

123) Chlorpromazine is to schizophrenia as
  lithium is to ______________
                bipolar disorder



      124) Number of responses is to ratio as time
               passed is to ________________
                            interval
125) Fixed sequence independent of the
  environment is to maturation as
  permanent chance due to the
                     learning
  environment is to _________________

       126) Fixed-action patterns are to the instinct
         theory of motivation as homeostasis is the
                        drive-reduction theory
                   the _______________________

127) Lateral hypothalamus is to start as
  ventromedial hypothalamus is to stop.
  ________________________

        128) The phenomenological aproach is to
           the humanistic approach as the social-
        cognitive approach is to behaviorism
                                 ______________
129) Edward Titchner is to structuralism as
   William James
  ____________________ is to
  functionalism.

                   130) Manipulated variable is to
              ____________________ as outcome
              Independent variable
                 variable is to dependent variable.
131) Compliance to social demands is to
  social role theory of hypnosis as split
                         dissociation theory
  consciousness is to _______________

                        132) Mimic is to agonist as
           occupation/prevention is to antagonist
                                       __________
133) Alcohol is to depressant as barbituate
        stimulant
  is to __________________

                134) Dreaming is to REM sleep as
         sleepwalking is to ___________________
                            stage 4



135) Learned helplessness is to rates as
                    monkeys
  attachment is to ___________________


               136) Avoidance of punishment is to
           preconventional as pleasing others is to
                            conventional
                           __________________
137) Identity v. role confusion is to
  adolescence as industry v. inferiority is to
   early childhood
  ___________________

               138) Odds and evens are to split-half
                  reliability as alternate forms are to
                       alternate forms of reliability
                   __________________________
139) Martin Seligman is to
  ______________________ as Charles
   positive psychology
  Darwin is to the theory of evolution.

                                Milgram
      140) Jung is to Freud as ________________
                                       is to Asch.
141) Hans Salye is to GAS as
   David Weschler
  ______________________ is to WAIS.

       142) Global and stable are to pessimism as
                      specific and unstable are to
                         optimism
                         ____________________

143) Conversion disorder is to
  ___________________ as attack is to
   somatoform disorder
  panic disorder.

                          144) Free-floating is to
       generalized anxiety disorder as attack is
        ________________________
                                to panic disorder
145) Unconditional positive regard is to Carl
  Rogers as self-actualization is to
     Abraham Maslow
  _____________________.

        146) Sense of smell is to olfaction as sense
                           gustation
          of taste is to ______________________

147) Minimum amount of stimulus detected
        absolute threshold
  is to ___________________ as smallest
  difference between stimulti detected is to
  difference threshold.
             148) After-images are to the opponent
            process theory as television sets are to
            Trichromatic Theory of color vision
          _________________________________
149) Nerve deafness is to hair cells as
    conductive deafness
  ____________________ is to the middle
  ear.

                                      brightness
          150) Light intensity is to ___________ as
                           amplitude is to loudness.

151) Amplitude is to decibels as
      frequency
  __________________ is to Hertz.


        152) Lengthy is to psychoanalytic as time-
         limited is to _______________________
                        psychodynamic
153) Phenomenologists are to
    humanistic
  __________________as client-centered
  therapy is to person-centered therapy.
                154) Desensitization hierarchy is to
               Joseph Wolpe
             __________________ as hierarchy of
                     needs is to Abraham Maslow.
155) Remembering what you had for dinner
  last night is episodic memory as
  remembering how to ride your bike is to
     procedural memory
  _________________________
             156) Stimulus-response is to classical
            conditioning as response-stimulus is to
                      operant conditioning
                     ________________________
157) Neuroleptics are to psychotic as
  benzodiazepines are to
   neurotic (anxiety/mood)
  _____________________
             158) Ridges of the cortex are to gyri as
                                       sulci
         valleys of the cortex are to ____________


159) Breathing is to the medulla as waking to
  the alarm is to ____________________
                   reticular formation

          160) Pavlov is to classical conditioning as
                              Bandura
                       ___________________ is to
                              observational learning.
161) Firm and punitive is to authoritarian as
                       authoritative
  firm but fair is to _________________

         162) Reasoning and problem solving are to
           fluid intelligence as specific knowledge is
                       crystallized intelligence
                  to __________________________

                 anxiety disorder
163) OCD is to __________________ as
  bipolar disorder is to mood disorder.

            164) Multiple personality disorder is to
                  dissociative identity disorder as
          manic-depression disorder
          _______________________ is to bipolar
                                           disorder
165) Vestibular sense is to body position as
  somatic sense is to touch, pain,temperature
                       _________________

       166) Max Weber is to sensation as Elizabeth
                         memory (constructive)
           Loftus is to _______________________


                   frequency
167) Pitch is to _______________ as
  loudness is to amplitude.

              168) Distrust of others is to paranoid
              personality disorder as ideas of self-
                                  importance are to
             narcissistic personality disorder
            _______________________________
169) Interpretation of transference is to
  psychoanalysis as systematic
                          behavior therapy
  desensitization is to ________________

           170) Interpretation of speech and written
          words is to Wernicke’s area as production
                           Broca’s Area
          of speech is to _____________________
171) Language is to left hemisphere as
   facial recognition, visual-spatial ability
  ________________________________
  is to right hemisphere.

        172) Neuro transmitters are to the nervous
                    hormones
         system as ___________________ are to
                            the endocrine system.
173) Sympathetic system is to action as
                                rest
  parasympathetic system is to _________

      174) Long wavelength is to low frequency as
                                 high frequency
          short wavelength is to ______________

175) Unconscious wish fulfillment is to
  Freudian interpretation of dreams and
  synthesizing random neural firings is to
  _______________________
   activation synthesis theory

       176) Marijuana is to hallucinogen as MDMA
                    is to____________________
                           amphetimine
177) Low sound frequencies are to
  frequency theory as high sound
                      Place Theory
  frequencies are to ________________
              178) New interfering with the old is to
          retroactive interference as old interfering
                              proactive interference
          with the new is to __________________

179) Instructions are to posthypnotic
  suggestion as memory loss is to
   posthypnotic amnesia
  _______________________

                                yellow
       180) Green is to red as ____________ is to
                                           blue.

				
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