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Implementing Personal Reemployment Accounts (PRAs) - Early Experiences of the Seven Demonstration States

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					            Implementing Personal Reemployment
          Accounts (PRAs): Early Experiences of the
                 Seven Demonstration States
                             Interim Evaluation Report
                                       Final

                                   Gretchen Kirby




                                     Prepared for:

       U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration
                        200 Constitution Avenue, N.W.
                           Washington, DC 20210




                                     Prepared by:

                        Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
                       600 Maryland Avenue, SW, Suite 550
                            Washington, DC 20024

                   Subcontractor to Coffey Communications, LLC
                       4720 Montgomery Lane, Suite 1050
                           Bethesda, Maryland 20814


                                 September 8, 2006




This project has been funded, either wholly or in part, with Federal funds from the
Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration under Contract Number
AF-12985-000-03-30. The contents of this publication do not necessarily reflect the views
or policies of the Department of Labor, nor does mention of trade names, commercial
products, or organizations imply endorsement of same by the U.S. Government.
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Table ES.1. Personal Reemployment Account: Key Elements
 Amount:                 $3,000 flexible use, capped reemployment account
 Time Period:            Valid for one year from date of issue
 Participants:           UI recipients identified as likely to exhaust benefits through the state’s Worker
                         Profiling and Reemployment Services (WPRS) system
 Purpose:                To purchase intensive, training, or supportive services from One-Stop Centers,
                         the marketplace, or both
                         AND/OR
                         To receive bonus payments based on (1) reemployment within 13 weeks of UI
                         receipt (60 percent of account balance) and (2) six-month job retention (40
                         percent of account balance).
 Effect on Other         No effect on UI benefits; an additional resource for eligible recipients
 Benefits/Services:
                         Prohibits free access to WIA intensive and training services for the one-year life
                         of the PRA



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Table ES.2. Overview of Seven PRA Demonstration States

                                                               Minimum
                            Number of                         Number of        Implementation          Number of
                           Participating                         PRA          Date (Actual PRA      Established PRAs
                                                          a
State Agency                  Sites        Total Funding      Participants   Offers Made): 2005     (as of Dec. 2005)
Florida Agency for               4           $1,733,325           495        March 14-31                    479
Workforce Innovation                                                         (varies by region)
(AWI)
Idaho Department of              2             $710,736           200        March 7                        118
Commerce and Labor
(IDCL)
Minnesota Department             4           $1,209,280           363        March 15                       373
of Employment &
Economic
Development (DEED)
Mississippi Department           2             $778,864           233        March 24                       186
of Employment
Security (MDES)
Montana Department               4             $557,792           158        April 11                        49
of Labor & Industry
(DLI)
Texas Workforce                  2           $2,207,022           625        April 7                        380
Commission (TWC)
West Virginia Bureau         Statewide         $683,462           196        March 14                       237
of Employment
Programs (BEP)

Total                           —            $7,880,480          2,270                  —                1,822

Source:     State PRA plans; funding levels from ETA; and telephone interviews conducted in the spring of
            2005.
a
 Includes PY 2004 Wagner-Peyser Reemployment Services (RES) formula allocation plus DOL WIA
demonstration funds dollar-for-dollar match up to $750,000.


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Figure ES.1. PRA Acceptance Rates

            100

                                                                                                       80
            80                                                                                75
                                                                       68        70

                                             56         58
            60                    55
  Percent




                        45
            40


            20


                0
                     Minnesota   Florida    West      Average         Texas   Mississippi   Montana   Idaho
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Source: Calculations based on state quarterly activity and expenditure reports on the PRA
        demonstration, as of December 2005.




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Table ES.3. PRA Employment Bonuses, as of December 2005

           State                                   Employment Bonus (First Bonus)

                                                                    Percentage in High            Average
                           Total Number         Receipt Rate        Growth Occupations            Amount
 Florida                        188                   39%                   44%                    $1,683
 Idaho                           32                   27%                    N/A                   $1,608
 Minnesota                       93                   25%                     5%                   $1,461
 Mississippi                     51                   27%                   78%                    $1,800
 Montana                          5                   10%                     0%                   $1,769
 Texas                           72                   19%                   21%                    $1,654
 West Virginia                   67                   28%                   10%                    $1,458

 Total                          508                   24%                   25%                    $1,616

Source:     Calculations based on State Quarterly Activity and Expenditure Reports on the PRA
            demonstration, as of December 2005.

N/A = Not available

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Figure ES.2. PRA Spending on Services, by Service Type


                                            100%                                                       3%                                       6%
                                                     16%                      13%                                     14%
     Percentage of Total Service Spending




                                                                                                                                                15%
                                                                 32%                                   28%
                                            80%      6%



                                            60%                                           77%
                                                                                                                                     88%

                                                                              87%                                     85%
                                            40%      78%                                                                                        79%
                                                                 68%                                   68%


                                            20%
                                                                                          23%
                                                                                                                                     12%
                                             0%
                                                    Florida      Idaho      Minnesota   Mississippi   Montana         Texas     West Virginia   Total

                                                              Supportive Services          Training             Intensive Services



Source: Calculations based on State Quarterly Activity and Expenditure Reports on the PRA
        demonstration, as of December 2005.



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Table I.1. Personal Reemployment Account: Key Elements

 Amount:                 $3,000 flexible use, capped reemployment account

 Time Period:            Valid for one year from date of issue

 Participants:           UI recipients identified as likely to exhaust benefits through the state’s
                         Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services (WPRS) system

 Purpose:                To purchase intensive, training, or supportive services from One-Stop
                         Centers, the marketplace, or both

                         AND/OR

                         To receive bonus payments based on (1) reemployment within 13 weeks
                         of UI receipt (60 percent of account balance) and (2) six-month job
                         retention (40 percent of account balance).

 Effect on Other         No effect on UI benefits; an additional resource for eligible recipients
 Benefits/Services:
                         Prohibits free access to WIA intensive and training services for the one-
                         year life of the PRA



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Table I.2. Overview of Seven PRA Demonstration States

                                                                       Minimum       Implementation Date
         State            Regions/ Geographic                        Number of PRA    (Actual PRA Offers
                                                                 a
        Agency                  Areas              Total Funding      Participants          Made)

Florida Agency for       Region 14                  $1,733,325           495         March 14-31
Workforce Innovation                                                                 (varies by region)
(AWI)                    Regions 3,4,5
                         (Consortium of
                         Panhandle counties)

Idaho Department of      Coeur d’Alene One-Stop      $710,736            200         March 7
Commerce and Labor       Center
(IDCL)
                         Idaho Falls One-Stop
                         Center

Minnesota Department     Anoka Workforce Center     $1,209,280           363         March 15
of Employment &
Economic                 Dakota Workforce Center
Development (DEED)
                         Cambridge Workforce
                         Center

                         Mankato Workforce
                         Center

Mississippi Department   Tunica WIN Center           $778,864            233         March 24
of Employment
Security (MDES)          Gulfport WIN Center

Montana Department       Belgrade One-Stop           $557,792            158         April 11
of Labor & Industry      Center
(DLI)
                         Butte One-Stop Center

                         Cut Bank One-Stop
                         Center

                         Lewistown One-Stop
                         Center

Texas Workforce          Texoma and Gulf Coast      $2,207,022           625         April 7
Commission (TWC)         Workforce Development
                         Areas

West Virginia Bureau     Statewide                   $683,462            196         March 14
of Employment
Programs (BEP)

Total                                —              $7,880,480           2,270                  —

Source: State PRA plans; funding levels from ETA; and telephone interviews conducted in the
        spring of 2005.
a
 Includes PY 2004 Wagner-Peyser Reemployment Services (RES) formula allocation plus DOL
WIA demonstration funds dollar-for-dollar match up to $750,000. Refer to Chapter II for further
details on funding.



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Table II.1. PRA Demonstration Funding by Participating State (in Dollars)

                                   Federal Match
                    2004 RES         from WIA         Total PRA          PRA
                     Formula       Demonstration     Demonstration    Administrative
State               Allocation         Funds           Funding           Costs           PRA Offers

Florida              $983,324         $750,000        $1,733,324         $248,324        $1,485,000

Idaho                 355,368          355,368          710,736           110,736           600,000

Minnesota             604,640          604,640         1,209,280          120,280         1,089,000

Mississippi           389,432          389,432          778,864            79,864           699,000

Montana               278,896          278,896          557,792            83,792           474,000

Texas               1,457,022          750,000         2,207,022          332,022         1,875,000

West Virginia         341,731          341,731          683,462            95,462           588,000

Total               4,410,413        3,470,067         7,880,480        1,070,480         6,810,000

Source:     Employment and Training Administration, U.S. Department of Labor; administrative and offer
            costs calculated by MPR based on the target number of PRA accounts for each state.


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Table II.2. Participating Local Sites in the PRA Demonstration, by State
                                                                                                  Estimated
                                                 Number of                                     Unemployment
                                                Participating                                 Rate (at time of site
    State              Participating Site        One-Stops              Service Area                 visit)a          Type of Areab
    Florida          Region 3               2 full; 1 satellite   5 counties: Calhoun,        4.6%                    Rural
                                                                  Holmes, Liberty, Jackson,   (July 2005)
                                                                  Washington
                     Region 4               1                     3 counties: Bay, Gulf,      4.0%                    Rural
                                                                  Franklin                    (July 2005)
                     Region 5               3, but 1              3 counties: Leon,           2.9 – 4.2% across       Metro
                                            administering         Gadsden, Wakulla            the counties
                                                                                              (July 2005)
                     Region 14              2, but 1              1 county: Pinellas          3.6%                    Metro
                                            administering                                     (Oct. 2005)
    Idaho            Coeur d’Alene          1                     5 counties: Benewah,        3.7%                    Small city
                     One-Stop Center                              Bonner, Boundary,           (Nov. 2005)
                                                                  Kootenai, Shoshone
                     Idaho Falls            1                     9 counties: Bonneville,     2.3%                    Metro
                     One-Stop Center                              Butte, Clark, Custer,       (Nov. 2005)
                                                                  Fremont, Jefferson,
                                                                  Lemhi, Madison, Teton
    Minnesota        Anoka Workforce        1                     1 county: Anoka             3.3%                    Metro
                     Center                                                                   (Aug. 2005)
                     Dakota Workforce       1                     1 county: Dakota            3.0%                    Metro
                     Center                                                                   (Aug. 2005)
                     Cambridge              1                     5 counties: Chicago,        4.0%                    Mixed
                     Workforce Center                             Isanti, Kanabec, Mille      (Aug. 2005)
                                                                  Lac, Pine
                     Mankato Workforce      1                     5 counties: Blue Earth,     3.2%                    Rural
                     Center                                       Waseca, LeSueur,            (Aug. 2005)
                                                                  Nicollet, and parts of
                                                                  Watonwan
    Mississippi      Gulfport WIN           1                     3 counties: Hancock,        6.5%                    Metro
                     Center                                       Stone, parts of Harrison    (Aug. 2005)
                     Tunica WIN Center      1 satellite office    1 county: Tunica            8.1%                    Rural
                                                                                              (Nov. 2005)
    Montana          Belgrade One-Stop      1                     Bozeman Job Service         2.4%                    Small city
                     Center                                       Areac                       (Sept. 2005)
                     Butte One-Stop         1                     Butte Job Service Areac     4.2%                    Small city
                     Center                                                                   (Sept. 2005)
                     Cut Bank One-Stop      1                     Cut Bank Job Service        7.9%                    Rural
                     Center                                       Areac                       (Sept. 2005)
                     Lewistown              1                     Lewiston Job Service        4.1%                    Rural
                     One-Stop Center                              Areac                       (Sept. 2005)
    Texas            Texoma Workforce       1 full, 2             3 counties: Cooke,          4.5%                    Small city
                     Development Area       satellites            Fannin, Grayson             (Dec. 2005)
                     Specific One-Stop      9                     Parts of Harris County      5.4%                    Metro
                     Centers in the Gulf                                                      (Dec. 2005)
                     Coast Workforce
                     Development Area
    West Virginia    Statewide              20                    Entire state                5.5%                    Mixed
                                                                                              (Aug. 2005)

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.
a
  As reported by local workforce administrators at the time of interviews.
b
  Any city with a population over 50,000 according to 2000 U.S. Census Bureau statistics is classified as metro.
c
  Job service areas are smaller than the full-service areas of the One-Stop Centers and cover areas ranging from about
two to four counties.
                                                                                                           

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Table II.3. State and Local Roles in Creating the PRA Framework

                                                                             Operating
State              Site Selection     Planning        Policy-Setting        Procedures         Staff Training

Idaho                    S                S                  S                   S                   S

Florida                 S/L              S/L                S/L                  L                   L

Minnesota                S                S                  S                   S                   S

Mississippi              S                S                  S                  S/L                  S
                             a
Montana                 NA                S                  S                   L                   L

Texas                    S               S/L                 S                   L                   L

West Virginia            S                S                  S                   S                   S

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.

NA = not applicable.

S = state; L = local.
a
 All four One-Stop Centers in Montana are participating in the PRA demonstration by default (refer to text for
further discussion).

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Table II.4. Administration and Staffing for PRA, By Participating Site
              One-Stop System Administration                                             PRA Administration and Staffing

Local WIA                                                                                                                                Approximate
Dislocated Worker                                                          PRA Role                  Funding                             Total FTEs for
Provider               One-Stop Operator                Fiscal Agent       (number of staff)         Connection    Employer              PRA
Region 3, Florida
Goodwill Industries    Goodwill Industries (1 center)   Region 5 Board     Call-in and orientation   ES            Florida Agency for    .05
(1 center)                                              (Region 3 Board    (1)                                     Workforce
                                                        provides direct                                            Innovation (AWI)
                                                        oversight)
Washington County      Washington County School Board                      Account management        WIA           Goodwill Industries   .20
School Board           (1 center)                                          (2)                                     or County School
(1 center)                                                                                                         Board
Region 4, Florida
Gulf Coast             Gulf Coast Community College     Region 5 Board     Call-in, orientation,     ES            AWI                   .10
Community College                                       (Region 4 Board    account management
                                                        provides direct    (1)
                                                        oversight)
Region 5, Florida
ACS                    ACS                              Region 5 Board     Call-in, account          WIA/PRA       ACS                   .50
                                                                           management (1)
                                                                           Orientation (1)           WIA/PRA       ACS                   .20
Region 14, Florida
Goodwill Industries    Goodwill Industries and          Goodwill           General orientation (1)   ES            AWI                   .05
                       St. Petersburg College           Industries
                                                                           Call-in, PRA              PRA           Goodwill Industries   .25
                                                        (Region 14 Board   orientation, limited
                                                        provides           account management
                                                        oversight)         (1)
                                                                           Account management        WIA/PRA       Goodwill Industries   .50
                                                                           (1)
Table II.4 (continued)

               One-Stop System Administration                                                 PRA Administration and Staffing

Local WIA                                                                                                                          Approximate
Dislocated Worker                                                              PRA Role                  Funding                   Total FTEs for
Provider                   One-Stop Operator                    Fiscal Agent   (number of staff)         Connection     Employer   PRA
Coeur d’Alene, Idaho
Idaho Department of        IDCL                                 IDCL           Call-in, orientation,     UI, ES         IDCL       .50-.75
Commerce and Labor                                                             and account
(IDCL)                                                                         management (3)
Idaho Falls, Idaho
IDCL                       IDCL                                 IDCL           Call-in, orientation,     UI, ES         IDCL       .15
                                                                               and account
                                                                               management (1)
                                                                               Orientation, and
                                                                               account management        UI, ES         IDCL       .30
                                                                               (3)
Anoka, Minnesota
County                     Management team of county,           DEED           Call-in and orientation   UI             DEED       .05
                           Minnesota Department of Employment                  (1)
                           and Economic Development (DEED),
                           and other key partners                              Account management        ES             DEED       .30
                                                                               (1)
Dakota, Minnesota
Hired (local non-profit)   Management team of county, DEED,     DEED           Call-in and orientation   UI             DEED       .05
                           and other key partners                              (1)
                                                                               Account management        ES             DEED       .60
                                                                               (2)
Cambridge, Minnesota
Central Minnesota          Workforce Investment Board (WIB)a    DEED           Call-in, orientation,     UI             DEED       .15
Jobs and Training                                                              and account
Services                                                                       management (1)
Table II.4 (continued)

              One-Stop System Administration                                           PRA Administration and Staffing

Local WIA                                                                                                                   Approximate
Dislocated Worker                                                       PRA Role                  Funding                   Total FTEs for
Provider                 One-Stop Operator               Fiscal Agent   (number of staff)         Connection     Employer   PRA
Mankato, Minnesota
Minnesota Valley         DEED                            DEED           Call-in and orientation   UI             DEED       .05
Action Council                                                          (1)
                                                                        Account management        ES             DEED       .10
                                                                        (1)
Gulfport, Mississippi
Mississippi              MDES                            MDES           Call-in, orientation,     ES             MDES       .80
Department of                                                           and account
Employment Security                                                     management (1)
(MDES)
                                                                        Account management        WIA, ES        MDES       .30
                                                                        (1)
Tunica, Mississippi
MDES                     MDES                            MDES           Call-in, orientation,     WIA, ES        MDES       .30
                                                                        and account
                                                                        management (1)
Montana
AFL-CIO Project          AFL-CIO Project Challenge       Montana Job    Call-in, orientation,     WIA            MJTP       1.00
Challenge2               (Cut Bank)                      Training       and account
                                                         Partnership    management (4)
                                                         (MJTP)c
                         Human Resource Development
                         Council
                         (Belgrade)
                         Consortia of partner agencies
                         (Butte)
                         Human Resource Development
                         Council
                         (Lewistown)
Table II.4 (continued)

                One-Stop System Administration                                                    PRA Administration and Staffing

Local WIA                                                                                                                                        Approximate
Dislocated Worker                                                                  PRA Role                  Funding                             Total FTEs for
Provider                 One-Stop Operator                     Fiscal Agent        (number of staff)         Connection      Employer            PRA
Gulf Coast, Texas
Interfaith of the        Interfaith of the                     Gulf Coast WIB      Call-in, orientation,     WIA             Interfaith of the   .40
Woodlands                Woodlands                                                 and account                               Woodlands
                                                                                   management (4)
                                                                                                                             Interfaith of the
                                                                                   Call-in and orientation   WIA             Woodlands           .20
                                                                                   (1)                                                           1.00
                                                                                                                             Interfaith of the
                                                                                   Account management        PRA             Woodlands
                                                                                   (1)
Texoma, Texas
Professional Employer    PEO                                   Texoma WIB          Call-in and account       Mixed through   PEO                 .80
Organization (PEO)                                                                 management (1)            PEO
                                                                                   Orientation (1)           Mixed through   PEO                 .02
                                                                                                             PEO
West Virginia
WORKFORCE WEST VIRGINIA/ Bureau of Employment                  BEP                 Call-in and account       General pool    BEP                 .60
Programs (BEP) in 4 WIA Regions; Consortia of mandated                             management (1 state
partners in 3 WIA Regions                                                          coordinator)
                                                                                   Orientation (20, 1 per    ES              BEP                 .20 in larger
                                                                                   One-Stop Center)                                              offices; .05-.10 in
                                                                                                                                                 others

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.
a
  Minnesota has received a federal waiver from the U.S. Department of Labor that allows local workforce investment boards (WIBs) to directly administer programs.
b
  AFL-CIO Project Challenge administers the WIA dislocated worker program throughout the state of Montana.
c
  Montana Job Training Partnership was the administrative entity for the two local workforce investment boards in Montana at the time of data collection.


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Table III.1. PRA Amount

 Decisions and Final Policy

 Decisions                                                      Level
 Maximum cap                                                    Federal ($3,000)
 Amount lower than cap                                          State

 Policy Development, by States
 All seven demonstration states selected
 the federal cap of $3,000

Source:      Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.

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Table III.2. Bonus Payments

 Decisions and Final Policy

 Decisions                                         Level
 Payment structure                                 Federal (60/40 split)

 Bonus qualifications                              Federal

 Maximum cap                                       Federal ($3,000)

 Amount lower than cap and/or tiered schedule      State

 Policy Development, by States
                                                   Employment by UI Week       Bonus cap

 Florida                                           13                          $3,000
 Mississippi
 Montana
 West Virginia

 Idaho                                             8                           $3,000
                                                   9-13                        $2,000

 Texas                                             10                          $3,000
                                                   11-13                       $2,000

 Minnesota                                         Varies by PRA recipient based on UI weekly benefit
                                                   amount

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.


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Table III.3. Minnesota’s PRA Bonus Caps for a 26-Week Claim with a $200 Weekly Benefit
             Amount ($4,160 = 80 percent of $5,200 Maximum Eligible UI Benefit)

                              UI Benefits Already
 UI Compensable Week              Received                 PRA Bonus Cap               Total UI + PRA

 1                                    $200                       $3,000                      $3,200

 2                                    $400                       $3,000                      $3,400

 3                                    $600                       $3,000                      $3,600

 4                                    $800                       $3,000                      $3,800

 5                                  $1,000                       $3,000                      $4,000

 6                                  $1,200                       $2,960                      $4,160

 7                                  $1,400                       $2,760                      $4,160

 8                                  $1,600                       $2,560                      $4,160

 9                                  $1,800                       $2,360                      $4,160

 10                                 $2,000                       $2,160                      $4,160

 11                                 $2,200                       $1,960                      $4,160

 12                                 $2,400                       $1,760                      $4,160

 13                                 $2,600                       $1,560                      $4,160

Source: Calculations by MPR based on Minnesota’s bonus schedule.


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Table III.4. Allowable Training Options

 Decisions and Final Policy

 Decisions                                                Level
 Allow providers beyond eligible provider list            State (centrally administered states)
                                                          Local (Florida and Texas)
 Duration                                                 State (centrally administered states)
                                                          Local (Florida and Texas)

 Policy Development, by States/Sites
 Allow a range of providers beyond EPL                    All states and sites
 Training duration limited to 12 months or less           Regions 3, 4, 5 in Florida
                                                          West Virginia

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.



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                                                                                       ,,, 6WUXFWXUH RI 35$V


Table III.5. Intensive Services

 Decisions                                             Level

 Whether to price intensive services for purchase      State (centrally administered states)
 by PRA recipients                                     Local (Florida and Texas)

 What services to price                                State (centrally administered states)
                                                       Local (Florida and Texas)

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.

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,,, 6WUXFWXUH RI 35$V
                                                                                                                      

Table III.6. Pricing of Intensive Services, By Participating Site
                                                                                         Group or        Individual
                      Specialized      Resume             Career          Case           Individual     Employment     Specialized
    State/Site       Assessments     Development         Planning      Management       Counseling         Plan        Workshops

    Region 3,        Market price                                                                                      Financial
    Florida                               $80                                    $16 per hour                          literacy
                                                                                                                       course, $64

                                                                    $216 intensive services packagea

    Region 4,        Market price    $18 per hour             —              —                  —           —               —
    Florida

    Region 5,        Market price        $100                 —              —                  —           —          Financial
    Florida                                                                                                            literacy
                                                                                                                       course, $75

                                                                    $250 intensive services packagea

    Anoka,
                                                    $45 per hour (plus consumables) for all services
    Minnesota

    Dakota,
                                                    $45 per hour (plus consumables) for all services
    Minnesota

    Cambridge,
                                                    $50 per hour (plus consumables) for all services
    Minnesota

    Mankato,
                                                    $23 per hour (plus consumables) for all services
    Minnesota

    Mississippi (2       $136             —                $415           $2,413           $779            $336             —
    sites)

    Texoma, Texas       $21-23           $122               $36             —               —          No cost;             —
                                                                                                       provided to
                                                                                                       all PRA
                                                                                                       recipients

    Gulf Coast,           —               —                $150             —           $260 or           $515c        Overcoming
    Texas                                                                               $345b                          obstacles to
                                                                                                                       job search,
                                                                                                                       $210

    West Virginia     $12 and up          —                $400             —           $25 per        No cost;        $25 per hour
    (statewide)                                                                         hour           provided to     (unless
                                                                                                       all PRA         provided at
                                                                                                       recipients      no cost to
                                                                                                                       the public)

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.
a
   The intensive services packages in Regions 3 and 5 in Florida include short-term services and skills
training such as life skills, interviewing skills, professional conduct, and business ethics that are classified as
specialized workshops in this table.
b
  Includes “Beginning Job Search” ($260) and job search coaching ($345).
c
  For development of an “Optimum Career and Job Development Plan.”




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,,, 6WUXFWXUH RI 35$V
                                                                                                            

Table III.7. Supportive Services

 Decisions and Final Policy

 Decisions                                                    Level
 Caps on payments                                             State (centrally administered states)
                                                              Local (Florida and Texas)

 Allowable uses for reemployment                              State (centrally administered states)
                                                              Local (Florida and Texas)

 Allowable uses after employment                              Federal
                                                              State (centrally administered states)
                                                              Local (Florida and Texas)

 Policy Development, by States/Sites
 Caps on payments                                             None

 Reemployment uses
   Condition of employment                                    All
   Logistical support of training, intensive services, or     All
   job search
   General expenses in support of job search activities       None in West Virginia
                                                              Varies across all other states/sites

 Uses after employment
    Bonus recipients                                          None based on federal guidance
    Nonbonus recipients                                       None: Minnesota
                                                              Retention only: Montana, Texoma (TX),
                                                              Region 14 (FL)
                                                              All purposes: Idaho
                                                              Not yet defined in other states/sites

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.

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Table III.8. Allowable Uses of PRA Funds for Supportive Service Payments

                                                                                     (1)                 (2)
                                                                               Expenses to Meet       Logistical
                                                                                 Conditions of        Support of
                                                                                             a                   b
            State or Site                            Policy                      Employment         Reemployment

Region 3, Florida                   Limit of one request in support of                 3                    3
                                                      d
                                    monthly expenses

Region 4, Florida                   No specific limitations                            3                    3


Region 5, Florida                   Based on WIA guidance                              3                    3


Region 14, Florida                  Based on WIA guidance                              3                    3


Idaho (2 sites)                     Based on WIA guidance                              3                    3


Minnesota (4 sites)                 No specific limitations                            3                    3


Mississippi (2 sites)               Documented direct association with                 3                    3
                                                                         e
                                    activities of job search or training

Montana                             Based on WIA guidance                              3                    3
(4 sites)

Texoma, Texas                       No specific limitations but, multiple              3                    3
                                    requests must be accompanied by
                                                                      f
                                    documented proof of job search

Gulf Coast, Texas                   No specific limitations                            3                    3


West Virginia (statewide)           Assistance in meeting conditions of                3                    3
                                    employment and logistical support of
                                    reemployment; No allowable uses
                                    toward general reemployment
                                    expenses

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.

Note:        Information regarding requests in support of technological supplies was not uniformly available. In the sites
             without markings in these cells, there is no statement in written policy with regard to these items and/or the
             sites had not yet had any experience with these requests and therefore no specific rulings had been made.
a
   Includes tools, supplies, uniforms, testing or certification fees. Also includes coverage of relocation expenses in
order to accept a specific job offer.
b
   Includes child care and transportation expenses. Also includes out-of-area job search expenses in support of
specific job interviews.
c
  Includes hardware or software purchases for computers, printers, fax machines, Internet cable.
d
  Includes monthly utilities, car payments, or rent.
e
  Includes support of interviewing, networking, accessing One-Stop Center or other services, and support for training.
f
  Documentation of job search includes a current and complete application in Work-In-Texas or job search contact
logs.

3 = Allowable use of funds
X = Not allowable use of funds

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                                                            (3)
                                    General Expenses in Support of Reemployment Activities

                                        Vehicle
                         Vehicle      Purchase or
                          Repair/       Monthly                               Clothing
                        Insurance        Loan        Utilities/   Mortgage       for         Technological
                                                                                                        c
     State or Site      Payments       Payment        Rent        Payments   Interviews        Supplies

Region 3, Florida          3               3            3            X           3


Region 4, Florida          3               3            3            3           3


Region 5, Florida          3               3            3            X           3


Region 14, Florida         3               3            3            X           3


Idaho (2 sites)            3               3            3            X           3                3


Minnesota (4 sites)        3               3            3            3           3                3


Mississippi (2 sites)      3               3             X           X           3                3


Montana                    3               X            3            X           3                3
(4 sites)

Texoma, Texas              3               3            3            3           3                3


Gulf Coast, Texas          3               3            3            3           3                3


West Virginia              X               X             X           X           X                X
(statewide)




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Table III.9. Account Management

    Decisions                                             Level

    Parameters for account activity                       State (centrally administered states)
                                                          Local (Florida and Texas)

    Method of disbursements                               Fiscal agent

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.


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Table III.10. Timing of Disbursements

 First Disbursement Period        Period of Inactivity       Contact Requirements       No Limitations

 3-region consortium, Florida     Texoma and Gulf            Region 3, Florida          Mississippi
 (26 weeks)                       Coast, Texas (based        (monthly)
                                  on PRA usage plans)                                   Montana
 Idaho (24 weeks)                                            Region 14, Florida
                                                             (monthly)
 Minnesota (6 months)

 West Virginia (6 months)

 Region 14, Florida (13
 weeks for some recipients)

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.


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Table III.11. Method of Service Disbursements

    Reimbursements to PRA
                   a
    Recipients Only                      Vendor Direct Payments Only        Mixed Methods

    Idaho                                Florida (all Regions)              Texoma and Gulf Coast
                                                                            areas of Texas
    Minnesota                            Montana

    Mississippi                          West Virginia

Source:      Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.
a
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Table IV.1. Stage One Targeting Factors that Affect PRA Eligibility
                                                                                                             (C)
                                      (A)                                                            State Cap or Local
                            Minimum Score Threshold                      (B)                           Capacity Limit
 State/Site                  Based on WPRS Model                  PRA Specific Criteria               (at time of visit)a

 Florida                             Noneb                                None             Local capacity limit of 25 per week in
                                                                                           Region 5; none in Regions 3, 4, and 14
 Idaho                                None                    Applied after WPRS model)                    None
                                                           Eligible for 26 weeks of UI
                                                           Claim not in withdrawn status
                                                           First payment within three
                                                           weeks (21 days) of benefit
                                                           year beginning date (BYB)
                                                           BYB within 40 days of current
                                                           dateÃ
 Minnesota                Thresholds set for four                        None              None on profiling listd; PRA caps per
                          separate profiling models that                                   quarter of 37 in Anoka, 36 in Dakota, 11
                          are based on the number of                                       in Cambridge, and 7 in Mankato
                          UI eligible weeks (as of
                          August 2005):c
                          Model 1 (26 weeks): .329
                          Model 2 (23-25 weeks): .286
                          Model 3 (19-22 weeks): .333
                          Model 4 (11-18 weeks): .413



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Table IV.1. (continued)
                                                                                                                       (C)
                                           (A)                                                                 State Cap or Local
                                 Minimum Score Threshold                     (B)                                 Capacity Limit
    State/Site                    Based on WPRS Model                 PRA Specific Criteria                     (at time of visit)a
    Minnesota                  Thresholds set for four                        None                  None on profiling listd; PRA caps per
                               separate profiling models that                                       quarter of 37 in Anoka, 36 in Dakota,
                               are based on the number of                                           11 in Cambridge, and 7 in Mankato
                               UI eligible weeks (as of
                               August 2005):c
                               Model 1 (26 weeks): .329
                               Model 2 (23-25 weeks): .286
                               Model 3 (19-22 weeks): .333
                               Model 4 (11-18 weeks): .413
    Mississippi                            None                               None                                   None
    Montana                                                                                         State cap of 3 per week on the
                                           None                               None                  profiling list of each local Job Service
                                                                                                    site (23 sites)
    Texas                                  None                 (Applied after WPRS model)                           None
                                                                Fewer than 13 weeks eligibility
                                                                remaining
                                                                First pay within 4 weeks of
                                                                benefit year beginning (BYB)
                                                                Minimum score of .50 or
                                                                higher
                                                                UI eligibility of 17 to 26 weeks
    West Virginia              .30 and higher; but does not     (Adjustments to WPRS model)         State cap of 8 PRA eligibles per
                               apply to separate PRA model                                          week based on highest probability
                                                                UI claimants excluded from          scores
                                                                the PRA model include
                                                                claimants with separation and
                                                                availability issues; those
                                                                eligible for TAA/TRA; those
                                                                who have filed a previous
                                                                claim in the past 365 days
                                                                No minimum score threshold
                                                                for the PRA model

Source:      State PRA plans; site visit and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.

Note:        Shaded areas apply to all sites within a demonstration state.
a
 Some of the local sites do set capacity limits at times of high UI activity, but at the time of the site visit or interview were
able to accommodate the full profiling list provided by the state. These sites were considered to have no constraints that
were affecting PRA eligibility.
b
    Florida uses random assignment to create a pool of UI claimants who are called in for WPRS orientation.
c
 Individuals who fall below the thresholds are included on the local profiling lists but are considered “voluntary.” One-Stop
Centers are required to call-in the mandatory pool (based on the threshold scores) up to local capacity levels. Centers
are given the option of calling-in individuals in the voluntary pool, based on capacity beyond the mandatory pool.
Individuals in the voluntary pool are not eligible for PRA.
d
 Based on the “mandatory” pool only. Only Cambridge has current capacity to call-in individuals in the voluntary pool; the
other three sites only call-in the mandatory list.




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Table IV.2. Estimated Number of PRA Eligibles After Stage One (per week)

 Site                                                   Estimated Number of PRA Eligibles Per Week

 Region 3, Florida                                                               0-20

 Region 4, Florida                                                               0-20

 Region 5, Florida                                                                25

 Region 14, Florida                                                            150-200

 Coeur d’Alene, Idaho                                                            0-10

 Idaho Falls, Idaho                                                              0-10

 Anoka, Minnesota                                                                ~60

 Dakota, Minnesota                                                               ~45

 Cambridge, Minnesota                                                            ~25

 Mankato, Minnesota                                                              ~10

 Gulfport, Mississippi                                                           ~20

 Tunica, Mississippi                                                             0-5

 Montana (All four participating sites)                                      0-3 per site

 Texoma, Texas                                                            ~7 (range of 0-9)

 Gulf Coast, Texas                                                               ~20

 West Virginia (statewide)                                                        8

Source: Site visit and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.


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Table IV.3. Stage Two PRA Targeting Criteria

                                                                                Timing of Eligibility Determination

                                                                                                      As Part of
 State / Site      Criteria Applied to Targeted PRA Pool from Stage One       Prior to Outreach       Orientation
 Region 3,         No return to work date                                            3                     3
 Florida           No current WIA enrollment
                   Not TAA eligible
                   Not enrolled in school / training
                   No enrollment in corporate-sponsored reemployment
                   services
 Region 4,         No return to work date                                            3                     3
 Florida           No seasonal workers
                   Not more than 42 days from claim to first payment
 Region 5,         No return to work date within 10 weeks                                                  3
 Florida           Not enrolled in training
                   Have not received profiling services in last year
                   Live within 40 miles of One-Stop Center
 Region 14,        Unemployed 2 or more times in the last 5 years                    3
 Florida           Have a history of exhausting UC benefits in the last 5
                   years
                   Possess skills in demand occupations but have had
                   difficultly finding employment (and not suitable for WIA
                   training)
                                    th
                   Not beyond 4 compensable week of UI
 Idaho (2 sites)   No return to work date                                            3                     3
                   No current WIA enrollment
                   Not TAA eligible
 Minnesota (4      No return to work date                                                                  3
 sites)            No current WIA enrollment
                   No long-term severance pay




 Mississippi (2    No return to work date                                                                  3
 sites)            No current WIA enrollment
                   Not TAA eligible

 Montana           No return to work date                                                                  3
 (4 sites)
 Texas (2 sites)   None specified


 West Virginia     No return to work date                                            3                     3
 (statewide)       No current WIA enrollment
                   Not TAA eligible

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.




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Table IV.4. Effects of Pre-Screening Practices on PRA Outreach Pools

                                            Estimated Percentage of Targeted PRA Pool from Stage One
 State / Site                                              Outreached for PRA Weekly

 No Pre-screening Prior to Outreach
 Region 5, Florida                                                  100%
 Mankato, Minnesota                                                 100%
 Gulfport, Mississippi                                              100%
 Tunica, Mississippi                                                100%
 Montana (4 sites)                                                  100%
 Texoma, Texas                                                      100%
 Gulf Coast, Texas                                                  100%

 Apply Standard Pre-screens Prior
 to Outreach
 Cambridge, Minnesota                                               Close to 100%
 Region 3, Florida                                                  90-100%
 Region 4, Florida                                                  80-90%
 West Virginia (statewide)                                          75-100%
 Coeur d’Alene, Idaho                                               ~60%
 Idaho Falls, Idaho                                                 ~60%

 Apply Specific Local PRA
 Targeting Criteria Prior to Outreach
 Region 14, Florida                                                 ~30%

 No Pre-screening Prior to Outreach,
 but Controlled Flow
 Anoka, Minnesota                                                   ~30%
 Dakota, Minnesota                                                  30-50%

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.


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Table IV.5. Estimated Number of PRA Offers Made Per Week

 Under 10                            10-20                               Over 20

 Region 4, Florida                   Region 3, Florida                   Region 14, Florida

 Coeur d’Alene, Idaho                Region 5, Florida

 Idaho Falls, Idaho                  Anoka, Minnesota

 Cambridge, Minnesota                Dakota, Minnesota

 Mankato, Minnesota                  Gulfport, Mississippi

 Tunica, Mississippi                 Gulf Coast, Texas

 Montana (statewide)

 Texoma, Texas

 West Virginia (statewide)

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.

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Table IV.6. Timing of PRA Entry Relative to UI Receipt

                                                                    Estimated Number
                        Timing of Profiling                         of UI Compensable
                             Score            Length of Notice to    Weeks at Time of      Time Limit to PRA
                                         a
    State or Site        Determination        Attend Orientation         PRA Offer               Offer

    Florida            After first UI
                       payment
      Region 3                                2 weeks               3-5 weeks              2 weeks

      Region 4                                None required;        3-5 weeks              None
                                              up to individual to
                                              schedule an
                                              appointment

      Region 5                                2 weeks               4-5 weeks              1 week

      Region 14                               2 weeks               3-4 weeks              None
                                                       b
    Idaho              After first UI         7 days                1-3 weeks              7 days
    (2 sites)          payment
                                                             c
    Minnesota          At UI claim            About 1 week          1-2 weeks              1 week
    (4 sites)

    Mississippi        At UI claim            2-4 days              2-3 weeks              2 days
    (2 sites)

    Montana            After first UI         1 week                3-6 weeks              None
    (4 sites)          payment

    Texas              After first UI
                       payment

      Texoma                                  10 days               About 5 weeks          2 weeks

      Gulf Coast                              1 week                About 5 weeks          2 weeks

    West Virginia      At UI claim (PRA       About 1 week          0-2 weeks              1 week
    (statewide)        specific)

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.
a
  This is a state-level decision.
b
  Attendance within 7 days is encouraged, but there is no required timeframe. Staff notify UI if there is no
response to repeated attempts at contact.
c
  State staff reported 5 business days; local sites varied slightly in timing, reporting 5 business days, 7
business days, and 7-10 calendar days.




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Table IV.7. Format of PRA Offers by Level of Integration with Profiling Orientations

                                                                         Timing of One-on-One Follow-up
 State / Site                                  Format                      Meetings (where applicable)

 Full Integration of PRA and Profiling Orientations
 Region 3, Florida            Group Sessions, followed by one-on-        Varies; appointment scheduled
                              one meetings                               at end of orientation
 Region 4, Florida            One-on-one meetings
 Region 5, Florida            Group sessions, followed by one-on-one     Varies; appointment scheduled
                              meetings                                   at end of orientation
 Cambridge, Minnesota         Group sessions
 Mankato, Minnesota           Group sessions
 Gulfport, Mississippi        Group sessions, followed by one-on-one     Immediately following group
                              meetings                                   session
 Tunica, Mississippi          One-on-one meetings
 Montana (all sites)          One-on-one meetings

 Partial Integration of PRA and Profiling Orientations
 Region 14, Florida            Group sessions, followed by one-on-one    Varies; appointment scheduled
                              meetings                                   at end of orientation
 Anoka, Minnesota              Group sessions
 Dakota, Minnesota             Group sessions
 Texoma, Texas                Group sessions, followed by one-on-one     Varies; appointment scheduled
                              meetings                                   at end of orientation
 No Integration of PRA and Profiling Orientations
 Coeur d’Alene, Idaho        Group sessions or individual meetings,
                             depending on numbers
 Idaho Falls, Idaho          One-on-one meetings
 Gulf Coast, Texas           One-on-one meetings
 West Virginia (statewide)   One-on-one meetings

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.


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Table IV.8. Type of Orientations

                                         Total Length of Orientation           Length of PRA Portion

    PRA-Focused
                                                                                         a
    Region 4, Florida                      1 hr 20 min                             50 min
                                                  b
    Coeur d’Alene, Idaho                   40 min                                  Full session
    Idaho Falls, Idaho                     35 min                                  Full session
    Tunica, Mississippi                    30 min                                  Full session
                                                     c
    Gulf Coast, Texas                      20-30 min                               Full session
                                                                 d
    West Virginia                          Ranged from 20-40 min                   Full session

    Overview of One-Stop
    Services and PRA
    Gulfport, Mississippi                  55 min                                  40 min
                                                          e
    Montana                                45 min – 1 hour                         20-30 min

    General Job Search
    Information and PRA
    Region 5, Florida                      55 min                                  25 min
    Region 14, Florida                     2 hr 30 min                             45 min
    Texoma, Texas                          1 hr 45 min                             35 min

    Comprehensive Orientations
    Region 3, Florida                      1 hr 40 min                             25 min
    Dakota/Anoka, Minnesota                2 hours                                 30 min

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.
a
  The length of the PRA portion is shorter than the full orientation in Region 3 because 30 minutes were
devoted to completing paperwork and the remainder of the session was focused on the individual’s job
search plan.
b
  Based on a mock orientation session. No eligible individuals were present.
c
  Based on observations of three one-on-one orientations in the Gulf Coast area.
d
  Based on telephone observations of orientations in a selection of six of West Virginia’s 20 Job Service
Centers that are implementing PRA.
e
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Table IV.9. Level of Contact Between One-Stop Center Staff and PRA Recipients

                            Contact            Timing of Staff Initiated
    Site                  Requirements                Contact                      Average Level of Contact

    Region 3,         Monthly contact       After three weeks of no contact    At least monthly; often weekly with
    Florida           required              from recipient                     subset of recipients making
                                                                               supportive service requests

    Region 4,         Bi-weekly contact     Most contact initiated by staff    Bi-weekly
    Florida           encouraged, but not
                      required
                             a
    Region 5,         None                  After one month of no contact      About monthly; weekly contact with
    Florida                                 from recipient; also, proactive    those who have purchased
                                            efforts to match recipients with   intensive services
                                            job listings

    Region 14,        Monthly contact       After sustained period of no       At least monthly; often weekly with
    Florida           required              contact (2-3 months)               subset of recipients making
                                                                               supportive service requests
                             a
    Idaho (2 sites)   None                  None                               Varies across recipients; as
                                                                               needed for requests
                             a
    Minnesota         None                  None                               As needed for requests; but very
    (4 sites)                                                                  limited face-to-face contact

    Gulfport,         None                  Planned to follow-up at 6-         Varies across recipients; as
    Mississippi                             month retention point with         needed for requests
                                            recipients of the first bonus
                                                 th
    Tunica,           None                  At 13 UI week to check on          Varies across recipients; as
    Mississippi                             employment progress                needed for requests

    Montana           None                  None                               Varies across recipients; as
    (4 sites)                                                                  needed for requests
                             b
    Texoma,           None                  None                               Varies across recipients; can be
    Texas                                                                      daily for those making supportive
                                                                               service requests, minimal for bonus
                                                                               recipients
                             b
    Gulf Coast,       None                  None                               Varies across recipients; as
    Texas                                                                      needed for requests
                             a
    West Virginia     None                  None                               Limited to none
    (statewide)

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.
a
First disbursement and, therefore some contact required within 6 months.
b
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Table IV.10. Method of Making PRA Requests

 In-Person Only                             Email/Mail/Fax (Limited In-Person)
 Regions 3, 4, and 5 in Florida              Region 14 in Florida
 Idaho (2 sites)                             Minnesota (4 sites)
                                             Mississippi (2 sites)
                                             Montana (4 sites)
                                             Texas (2 sites)
                                             West Virginia (statewide)

Source: Site visits and interviews conducted July 2005 through January 2006.

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Figure V.1. PRA Acceptance Rates

               100

                                                                                                               80
                   80                                                                                  75
                                                                                68        70

                                     55           56            58
                   60
     Percent




                          45
                   40


                   20


                   0
                        Minnesota   Florida   West Virginia   Average          Texas   Mississippi   Montana   Idaho




Source: Calculations based on state quarterly activity and expenditure reports on the PRA
        demonstration, as of December 2005.


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Table V.1. Progress in Achieving Targeted Number of PRAs

                        Target (Minimum
                      Number of Established       Current Number of          Current PRAs as
                             PRAs)                Established PRAs         Percentage of Target

Montana                     158                           49                         31%

Idaho                       200                          118                         59%

Texas                       625                          380                         61%

Mississippi                 233                          186                         80%

Florida                     495                          479                         97%

Minnesota                   363                          373                        103%

West Virginia               196                          237                        121%

Total                      2270                         1822                         80%

Source: Calculations based on State Quarterly Activity and Expenditure Reports on the PRA
         demonstration, as of December 2005.


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Table V.2. PRA Bonuses, as of December 2005

                                                                             Retention Bonus
     State                   Employment Bonus (First Bonus)                  (Second Bonus)

                                              Percentage in
                     Total                    High Growth     Average      Total       Average
                    Number     Receipt Rate   Occupations     Amount      Number       Amount

 Florida               188           39%           44%         $1,683          16       $1,159

 Idaho                  32           27%          N/A          $1,608           6       $1,133

 Minnesota              93           25%            5%         $1,461          17       $1,102

 Mississippi            51           27%           78%         $1,800           0          N/A

 Montana                 5           10%            0%         $1,769           0          N/A

 Texas                  72           19%           21%         $1,654           2       $1,200

 West                   67           28%           10%         $1,458           3         $887
 Virginia

 Total                 508           24%           25%         $1,616          44       $1,117

Source:      Calculations based on State Quarterly Activity and Expenditure Reports on the PRA
             demonstration, as of December 2005.

N/A = Not applicable



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Figure V.2. PRA Spending on Services, by Service Type

                                          100%                                                      3%                                       6%
                                                 16%                       13%                                     14%
   Percentage of Total Service Spending




                                                                                                                                             15%
                                                              32%                                   28%
                                          80%     6%



                                          60%                                          77%
                                                                                                                                  88%

                                                                           87%                                     85%
                                          40%    78%                                                                                         79%
                                                              68%                                   68%


                                          20%
                                                                                       23%
                                                                                                                                  12%
                                           0%
                                                 Florida      Idaho      Minnesota   Mississippi   Montana         Texas     West Virginia   Total

                                                           Supportive Services          Training             Intensive Services



Source: Calculations based on State Quarterly Activity and Expenditure Reports on the PRA
        demonstration, as of December 2005.


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Table V.3. Service Payments Per Transaction (5 states)
                   Intensive Services                Training                  Supportive Services                Total

                    No. of      Average         No. of          Average         No. of      Average       No. of          Average
 State           Transactions   Amount       Transactions       Amount       Transactions   Amount     Transactions       Amount

 Florida             107         $526              34              $685          370         $762          511              $707

 Idaho                 0            0              22              $772           70         $522            92             $582

 Minnesota             2         $717              49              $908          461         $664          512              $688

 Montana               5         $300              10            $1,245           28        $1,077           43           $1,026

 West                  1          $27              26            $1,020            6         $602            33             $914
 Virginia

 Total               115         $515             141              $878          935         $704         1191              $706

Source: Calculations based on State Quarterly Activity and Expenditure Reports on the PRA demonstration, as of
           December 2005.



Table V.4. Service Payments Per Customer (2 states)
                       Intensive Services                    Training            Supportive Services               Total

                      No. of       Average          No. of         Average        No. of     Average       No. of          Average
 State              Customers      Amount         Customers        Amount       Customers    Amount      Customers         Amount

 Mississippi               0            0                3         $1,039              1        $910          4            $1,007

 Texas                     2       $122                 27         $1,050          142        $1,178       144             $1,361

 Total                     2       $122                 30         $1,049          143        $1,176       148             $1,351

Source: Calculations based on State Quarterly Activity and Expenditure Reports on the PRA demonstration, as of
           December 2005.



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Figure V.3. Uses of the PRA Among Recipients with Disbursements (percentages)

        Mississippi                    Montana                          Texas
         (N=199)                       (N=30)                          (N=199)

        7%                               3%                           9%
                                               13%
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                                                                64%
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        Bonus only            Services only          Mixed Uses (services & bonus)


Source: Calculations based on State Quarterly Activity and Expenditure Reports on the PRA
         demonstration, as of December 2005.

Note:   Percentages may not sum to 100 due to rounding.


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Table V.5. PRA Expenditures through December 2005

                        Service Spending                 Bonus Payments                  Total Expenditures

                                      Percent of                      Percent of                       Percent of
 State                Amount            Total          Amount           Total          Amount            Total

 Florida           $361,384                52%         $334,944           48%         $696,328             100%

 Idaho               $53,538               48%          $58,248           52%         $111,786             100%

 Minnesota         $352,251                69%         $154,629           31%         $506,880             100%

 Mississippi          $4,027                 4%         $91,800           96%          $95,827             100%

 Montana             $44,113               83%            $8,846          17%          $52,959             100%

 Texas             $195,940                62%         $121,477           38%         $317,417             100%

 West                                      23%         $100,091           77%         $130,505             100%
 Virginia            $30,153

 Total            $1,041,406               54%         $870,035           46%       $1,911,702             100%

Source: Calculations based on State Quarterly Activity and Expenditure Reports on the PRA
         demonstration, as of December 2005.



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Table V.6. Estimated Level of PRA Expenditures Relative to Active Funds

                  Total Obligations                                                 Total
                   for Established Funds Frozen for Estimated                   Expenditures     Estimated
                  Accounts through Second Bonus Total Active                      through      Usage Rate of
                                   a          b            c                                 d
                  September 2005     Payments        Funds                     December 2005   Active Funds

Florida              $1,155,000             $192,985            $962,015            $696,328                72%

Idaho                  $246,000              $27,868            $218,132            $111,786                51%

Minnesota              $864,000              $74,039            $789,961            $506,880                64%

Mississippi            $525,000              $61,200            $463,800              $95,827               21%

Montana                 $93,000                $5,897            $87,103              $52,959               61%

Texas                  $558,000              $77,180            $480,820            $317,417                66%

West Virginia          $474,000              $62,211            $411,789            $130,505                32%

Total                $3,915,000             $500,029          $3,414,971          $1,911,702                56%

Source: Calculations based on State Quarterly Activity and Expenditure Reports on the PRA
         demonstration, as of December 2005.

a
  Based on the number of accounts established through September 2005 multiplied by the total
account amount of $3,000.
b
  Calculated by multiplying the number of first bonus recipients who have yet to receive the
second bonus by the estimated average amount of the second payment (based on the average
amount of all first bonus payments).
c
  Total obligations less frozen funds.
d
  Assumes that all expenditures are associated with accounts open by the end of September
2005. This will overestimate expenditures relative to obligations.


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Table V.7. Account Closures, Exhausts, and Average Expenditures


                                                                                             Average PRA Expenditures
                       Account Closures          Accounts Exhausted (Used in Full)                 Per Recipient

                                                                                                               Among
                                                                                                               Closed
                              Percentage                    Percentage    Percentage         Among All      Accounts with
                                 of All                        of All        of All           Closed         Remaining
 State            Number       Accounts         Number       Accounts      Closures          Accounts          Funds

 Florida                70        15%              63          13%            90%             $2,753              $527

 Idaho                   0         0%               0           0%             0%                 N/A              N/A

 Minnesota              90        24%              63          17%            70%             $2,100                $0

 Mississippi             0         0%               0           0%             0%                 N/A              N/A

 Montana                 4         8%               2           4%            50%             $2,249             $1,498

 Texas                  20         5%              10           3%            50%             $2,034             $1,067

 West Virginia          61        26%               6           3%            10%               $295                $0

 Total                 245        13%            144            8%            59%             $1,834              $172

Source:    Calculations based on State Quarterly Activity and Expenditure Reports on the PRA
           demonstration, as of December 2005.

N/A = Not applicable


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Table V.8.         Estimated Total Number of Eligible Individuals Served through PRAs to Fully
                   Expend PRA Demonstration Grants

                                                                       Estimated          Current     Increase of
                                        Average                        Number of:       Accounts as    Estimates
                      Acceptance     Expenditure Per Total Funding                     Percentage of Over Original
                                                   a             b
                         Rate        PRA Recipient For Accounts      Offers   Accounts   Estimate       Targets

Florida                     55%           $2,753      $1,485,000        981      539        89%              9%

Minnesota                   45%           $2,100      $1,089,000      1,152      519        72%              43%

Montana                     75%           $2,249        $474,000        281      211        23%              33%

Texas                       68%           $2,034      $1,875,000      1,356      922        41%              47%

West Virginia               56%             $295        $588,000      3,559    1,993        12%          917%

Note:         Average expenditure per PRA recipient cannot be calculated for Idaho and Mississippi because
              no accounts have closed. These states are excluded from the analysis.

Source:       Calculations based on State Quarterly Activity and Expenditure Reports on the PRA
              demonstration, as of December 2005.
a
    Based on closed accounts only.
b
    Excludes funding for administrative costs.




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Table B-1.   Characteristics of WPRS Systems in the PRA Demonstration States

                                                                                                  Selection Criteria for
                    Timing of Profiling    Exclusions from the       Data Elements Included         Reemployment
 State             Score Determination        Profiling Pool            in Profiling Model             Services

 Florida          After first UI payment   Claims with less          Tenure of most recent        Local offices specify
                                                                                                                  a
                                           than 26 weeks of          employment; education        capacity limits
                                           eligibility; interstate   level; total
                                           claimants; transient      unemployment rate            Locally determined
                                           workers; on recall        (TUR) in the local labor     screening process
                                           with a specific           market; last occupation      as well; not uniform
                                           return to work date;      is one of the occupations    across the state.
                                           seasonally                most in decline (ONET);
                                           unemployed (e.g.          first digit of Standard
                                           crops, schools);          Industry Code
                                           partially
                                           unemployed; first
                                           pay more than 42
                                           days after BYB

 Idaho            After first UI payment   On recall with a          County of residence;         Local offices specify
                                                                                                                  a
                                           specific return to        weekly benefit amount;       capacity limits
                                           work date; union          NAICS code for principal
                                           hall attached;            employer; maximum
                                           exempt from job           benefit amount; month
                                           search (e.g.              initial claim established;
                                           enrolled in               number of base period
                                           approved training)        employers; tenure of
                                                                     most recent employment
                                                                     (in months); education
                                                                     level; potential duration
                                                                     of entitlement (18 weeks
                                                                     or more)

 Minnesota        At UI claim              On recall with a          15 factors (waiting for      Thresholds set for
                                           specific return to        specification from the       four separate
                                           work date                 state)                       profiling models (as
                                                                                                  of August 2005):

                                                                                                  Model 1 (26 weeks):
                                                                                                  .329

                                                                                                  Model 2 (23-25
                                                                                                  weeks): .286

                                                                                                  Model 3 (19-22
                                                                                                  weeks): .333

                                                                                                  Model 4 (11-18
                                                                                                  weeks): .413

                                                                                                  Local offices specify
                                                                                                                  a
                                                                                                  capacity limits




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Table B.1 (continued)

                                                                                                    Selection Criteria for
                         Timing of Profiling     Exclusions from the    Data Elements Included        Reemployment
    State               Score Determination         Profiling Pool         in Profiling Model            Services

    Mississippi         At UI claim              On recall with a       High school diploma;        Local offices specify
                                                                                                                    a
                                                 specific return to     industry, occupation, job   capacity limits
                                                 work date              experience, weekly UI
                                                                        benefit amount; and,
                                                                        potential duration of the
                                                                        claim

    Montana             After first UI payment   On recall with a       Base period wages;          Cap of 3 per week
                                                 specific return to     number of weeks of UI       per local site (23
                                                 work date; union       eligibility; number of      sites)
                                                 hall attached          employers during the
                                                                        base period; length of
                                                                        employment at last
                                                                        employer; previous
                                                                        year’s unemployment
                                                                        rate in claimant’s
                                                                        resident county; last
                                                                        employer was in a
                                                                        growth industry; level of
                                                                        education; month of
                                                                        filing (seasonal factor)

    Texas               After first UI payment   On recall with a       Education level; length     Local offices specify
                                                                                                                    a
                                                 specific return to     of time at last employer;   capacity limits
                                                 work date; exempt      industry and occupation
                                                 from job search        of worker; local total
                                                 due to participation   unemployment rate
                                                 in approved training
                    b
    West Virginia       After first UI payment   Interstate claims;     WBA; base period            Probability to
                        typically                on recall with a       wages/1,000; job tenure     exhaust of 30% or
                                                 specific return to     on most recent job; UI      higher
                                                 work date; union       claim file lag; number of
                                                 hall attached          reopens on claim;           Local offices specify
                                                                                                                    a
                                                                        occupation; industry of     capacity limits
                                                                        primary recent employer;
                                                                        educational level; BYB
                                                                        month; indicator for
                                                                        pension or other income
                                                                        amounts

Source: Interviews with state workforce administrators, June through September 2005.
a
 Must select individuals based on profiling score, from highest to lowest.
b
West Virginia has made several modifications to its profiling process that are specific to the PRA demonstration.
Refer to Table B-2 for details.




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Table B-2.    Differences Between the WPRS and PRA Process in Selecting Eligible
              Individuals for Reemployment Services in West Virginia

                                       Regular Profiling Model                  PRA Model

 Timing of Profiling Score          After first UI payment             At UI claim
 Determination

 Differences in Exclusions from     Could be TAA/TRA eligible          Must not be potentially
 Profiling Pools                                                       TAA/TRA eligible

 Selection Criteria for             Probability to exhaust of 30%      All ranked claimants are
 Reemployment Services              or higher; local offices specify   added to the pool for possible
                                    capacity limits                    selection, but statewide cap
                                                                       set at 8 per week (selected
                                                                       from highest scores)

 Length of Time in Pool             Four weeks                         One week

Source: Interview with state workforce agency administrators, August 2005.




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Table 1: Levels of PRA Data Analysis

 Level        Universe           Data Sources                   Coverage                            Time Period

 1       PRA recipients          PRA data          All PRA activity                       March 2005–March 2007

                                 UI data           Quarterly earnings data and benefit    January 2005– December
                                                   records for PRA recipients             2006

 2       PRA            offers   PRA        data   All PRA activity                       March 2005–March 2007
         (recipients         &
         refusals)
                                 UI         data   Prior employment characteristics       January      2005–December
                                                   and quarterly earnings data and        2006
                                                   benefit records for PRA recipients
                                                   and refusals

                                 WIA data          Individual  characteristics     and    March 2005–March 2007
                                                   service receipt data for       PRA
                                                   refusals

 3       PRA         eligibles   PRA     data      Individual and prior employment        March 2005–March 2007
         (offers   and non-      UI      data      characteristics for PRA recipients
         offers)                 WPRS data
                                 WIA / UI data     Individual characteristics for PRA     March 2005–March 2007
                                                   refusals and non-offers (other
                                                   eligibles)

                                 UI data           Prior employment characteristics,      January      2005–December
                                                   UI benefits, and quarterly earnings    2006
                                                   data for PRA refusals and non-
                                                   offers (other eligibles)

                                 WPRS data         Profiling elements and scores for      March 2005–March 2006
                                                   all potentially eligible individuals



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