Impact of Technology Development on Enviorenment - PDF by mmz11521

VIEWS: 0 PAGES: 45

More Info
									Associate Prof. Dr. Ayşe Baş Collins

  School of Applied Technology &
           Management
        Bilkent University
          Ankara/Turkey

   collins@tourism.bilkent.edu.tr
       collins54@hotmail.com
University experience in Developing
       Internship Programs
           DISCUSSION
Why are internship schemes scarce in
 SEE region and what are the main
    barriers to their expansion?
Prof. Muhan Soysal 2006
               OUTLINE
1. Concerns While Developing Internship
            (Stake Holders)
  2. Comparison of Different Programs
   3. Our experience at the School of
 Applied Technology and Management
             (BIM & CTIS)

            4. DISCUSSION
HIGHER EDUCATION POLICIES in
          EUROPE
 29 European countries signed the
 Bologna Declaration agreeing on
 establishing European Higher Education
 Area-EHEA by 2010 to improve the
 efficiecy & accountability
 For the transferability of degrees,
 employing a credit-based system &
 improving the capital base of HEIs.
 More alignment from disparate systems
 with heterogeneous parts (European
 Commission, 2007a).
Still voluntary agreements through
transnational policy networks, national
committes, follow-up groups & national
Bologna groups
Advice from

Europe-wide university associations (e.g.
Association of Higher Education
Institutions)
Students’ associations (e.g. ESIB)
Business Europe
Council of Europe etc.
                    OECD
                 World Bank
      Have impact on European Education
                   System
Concerns While Developing Internship
          (Stake Holders)

           Who are they?
           Too many????
WHO WANTS? WHAT?


             SECTOR

  SCHOOL                FAMILY


             INTERNS

DISCUSSION
                       CUSTOMER
   ?????
              LEGAL
ACADEMIA & INDUSTRY PARTNERSHIP
        (Narayanan. 2009)

           Instruction methods
   Curriculum design & development
                Assessment
          Enhancing sts’ profile
     Promoting entrepreneurship
       Enriching learning process
          Student engagement
         Leadership & teamwork
             Lifelong learning
            Quality assurance
      Infrastructure & HR sharing
        International networking
    Commercialization of research
RECOGNITION???
    How???
                     SCHOOL & SECTOR
  HEIs & industry-building strong & purposeful partnership
   Presence of industry in academic systems (internship,
industry-based student projects, representation on academic
                            boards)
    Industry captains & academic administrators create a
          context-sensitive student-centric approach
HEIs need feedback on performance of their sts’ “soft skills”
       Industry describe the need for technology tools,
 communication skills, team building, interpersonal relations
                     in work environment
  DO THE SECTOR NEED CHEAP LABOR AS WELL? ?????
 Involvement of Information
   Technology (IT) & HEIs
Mıcrosoft IT academy in HEIs
Local & regional academies of
Cisco in HEI campuses
Oracle Academic Initiative (OAI)
Certificates on CCNA, CCNP,
MCSD, etc.
   LEVEL of SECTOR & SCHOOL
         INVOLVEMENT
          (Caution????)
Not too much
“vocational streams” like
“training centres”
Right intefration of
theory & skills & practice
Minimizing the learning
curve
Increasing the
confidence level of
graduates
     WHAT ARE STS’ CONCERNS?
 SMART ONES
 - as the immediate or
 future job offer
- put as much energy &
 focus as they do in
 schoolwork
 THE REST
 - fill their time
 -just the graduation
 requirement
 - escape from school
 enviorenment
FAMILY CONCERNS

   ıs it safe & secure?
   Is my “baby” getting
   tired?
   DISCUSSION??????
CUSTOMER CONCERNS


               Will I be treated proper?
               Does he/she really know what
               they are doing?
               Can I trust him/her? He/she is
               just an intern?
               I can boss her/him she/he is
               just an intern?
               Do not I deserve a permenant
               worker?
               They take me to granted just
               let an intern to take of me.
               DISCUSSION????????????
Desion makers concerns
                   How will the sector persive us
                   through the interns
                   performance?
                   Will it help us improve our
                   relationship with sector?
                   Does our curriculum meet the
                   expectation of sector?
                   How will interns persive us
                   after coming back from the
                   internship? Good &
                   avarage???
                   DISCUSSION
Comparision of Internship Programmes
Comparision scale
   Nature of internship
  Duration
  When
  How many times
  Domestic and/or Foreign
  Who is responsible
  Placement Requirements
  Evaluation process (Follow Up Recruitment)
  Credited or Not
  Financial issues-paid/not paid
  Compulsary or not
  Voluntary Program
  In-Voluntary Program
Nature of internship programmes (Review of
literature)
Summer internship
Term industrial training
Co-op management
internal internship
supervised internship with no credit
taking a 3-semester internship course as an elective
Waiving the requirement by documenting suitable prior
public service employment and/or internship experience
self-initiated intern-sts design their own internship
research-based approach to replacement (Steven Curtis et
al, 2009)
Short local embedded replacement (5 to 16 days) (Steven
Curtis et al, 2009)
      Comparison of 36 universities in EU countries regarding their
                                 programmes
                              internship option
                                tuition & fees
                          scholarship opportunities
                                   duration
                        ownership (private & public)
                           programme enrollment
                         total credit for graduation
                               degree awarded
                                 AND ALSO
courses offered in their curriculum (128 different courses- only 73 of them
              have similar content even with differen names)
                               SIMILARITIES
                                       &
                              DIFFERENCES
WHAT IS THE CURRENT SITUATION FOR
       INTERNSHIP SCHEMES
                          different names
different times (1st yr. 2nd yr. 3rd yr & 4th yr during semester )
        different frequency (1 to 4 times, never enough)
                          different nature
              different duration (minimum 2 weeks
                        maximum 81 weeks
                         aware 38 weeks)
                     different credit systems
                       different evaluation
                        inhouse & foreign
                          paid & not paid
However the same intent to give more &
      more real life experience
          NEVER ENOUGH
TR/04/A/F/EX1-065
Quality Improvements of the Industrial
Training Programmes
The objectives of this project are as follows:
a. Exchange and acquisition of experience
and new know-how of different institutions
and comparing achievements in industrial
Training
 b. Strengthening co-operation between
universities as a first step in developing
“European Industrial Training” program.
 c. Strengthening co-operation between
universities and European industrial training
providers at trans-national level,
International Fachhochschule (Bad
Honnef, Germany),
The Hague School of Hospitality (The
Hague, Netherlands),
University of Surrey School of
Management Studies for the Service
Sector (Guildford, UK), and
University of Valencia, Institute of
International Economy (Naranjos,
Spain)
What did we do?
- to visit the host institutions and observe
their
      institutional,
      governmental and
      industrial practices in regards to
placing, monitoring and evaluating
student industrial training process.
- to determine and offer to Turkish
Educational and Industrial Institutions
    COMPARISION OF THESE COUNTRIES
COUNTRY      RESPONSIBL       NATURE         DURATION WHEN     PAID/OR    FOREIGN EVALUATION
             E BODY                                            NOT
Netherland   Industrial       Craft skills   19 weeks   2nd    paid       % 60
             release office   placement                 year              foreign
                              +              +          4th               even out
                              management     19 weeks   year              of Europe
                              internship
England      Industrial      Operational & 12 months           Minimum    Within or 3 times visit
             training Office management                        wage       Outside   by the
                                                                          Europe    supervisor
                                                                                    Keep a diary
                                                                                    Write an
                                                                                    assignment
Germany      Industrial       Operational    5 months          Depends    Within or visit
             Training         and            +                 on the     Outside   Internship
             Office           management     5 months          company    Europe    report
                                             (max. 6           policy
                                             months)
Spain        Internship       Operational & 12 months          Majority   Within or Twice visit
             coordinator      management                       not paid   Outside   Presentation
                                                                          Europe    after
                                                                                    internship
Bilkent University School od Applied Technology &
                   Management
          http://www.satm.bilkent.edu.tr/


        BIM (Business Information Management)
               http://www.bim.bilkent.edu.tr/

   CTIS (Computer Technology and Information systems)
               http://www.ctis.bilkent.edu.tr/
           THM (Tourism & Hotel Management)
               http://www.thm.bilkent.edu.tr/
      WE even have different
applications within the same school
              !!!???
 http://www.bim.bilkent.edu.tr/bim_internship_prospective.php
 http://www.ctis.bilkent.edu.tr/ctis_internship_prospective.php
        http://www.thm.bilkent.edu.tr/thm_internship.php
       TWO INTERNSHIP OPPORTUNITY




                       Whole 2nd semester
                       of the
                       3rd year
                       INDUSTRIAL
                       INTERNSHIP
                       4 credits- 30 ECTS
2nd year
SUMMER TRAINING
40 - 75 working
days
No credits
Satisfactory or not
EVALUATION PROCEDURES
      (on sts’ side)
Summer training
- st’s write a report on what they have
achieved day to day based in accordance
with the Internship Report
stamped by their supervisor

- Student evaluation form by the company
(filled & stamped)
Industrial Internship
- student report
- Student evaluation form by the
company (filled & stamped)
- student’s oral presentation to the jury
which consists of the related
instructors and the internship
responsible academic person
Some of the workplaces for CTIS
          department
Aselsan, Aydin Yazilim, CyberSoft, Digitürk, Emekli
Sandigi, Garanti Teknoloji, IBM Türk, Koç Sistem,
Havelsan, Meteksan Sistem, Microsoft, Siemens, Milsoft,
TPAO, TRT, Tübitak, Turkcell, Türk Telekom, and
Vakifbank.
Department side
- visits by the responsible instructors during
the trainings

- interviews with students, their supervisors &
peers
Good applications achieved by years
• observe the best
examples
• have internship
committe to modified
the internship process-
simplify the internship
reports
• put everthing on the
web page
• offer opportunity for
foreign internship (still
not enough)
Learnt experience
2004 THM department added
a new training programme
called co-op management
40 hrs. No credit at the
university owned hotel

WAS WRONG ????
WHY???
Starting from this academic
year it will not be in the
curriculum
Cont.
-No real needs
assessment
- only sector-
university needs
- no students’ & even
instructors’ initiative
- wrong semester
etc.
There is, therefore,



    no “one approach fits all”
DISCUSSION
THANK YOU

								
To top