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Acute Neuro

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									  Acute Neuro
Practice/Review Questions
Which of the following is not a test of
 peripheral nerve function?

 A. Assessment of the gag reflex.
 B. Assessment of the oculocepalic reflex.
 C. Babinski test
 D. Two-point discrimination test.
What is the single-most important
assessment used to determine neurologic
status?
Which of the following is considered a
normal age related neurophysiologic
change?

A. Decreased muscle mass.
B. Increased touch sensation.
C. Loss of recent memory.
D. Loss of remote memory.
Which of the following would be the most
effective tool for evaluation of mentation
in an alert client?

A. Electroencephalogram (EEG)
B. Glascow Coma Scale (GCS)
C. Level of Consciousness (LOC)
D. Mini Mental Status Exam (MMSE)
Which of the following is the most
common post-procedural complication of
a lumbar puncture?

A. Cerebrospinal Fluid Leak
B. Headache
C. Hematoma
D. Infection
Which of the following most likely
indicates a lesion of the brainstem
(midbrain)?

A. Decorticate posturing
B. Decerebrate posturing
C. Hypoactive reflexes
D. Positive Romberg
A vegetative state occurs when there is
severe injury to the:

a.   cerebral cortex.
b.   brain stem.
c.   spinal cord.
d.   cerebellum.
Vomiting is associated particularly with CNS
 injuries that involve:

 a.   skull fractures.
 b.   the thalamus.
 c.   brain stem compression.
 d.   the frontal lobe.
The sudden, explosive, disorderly discharge
 of cerebral neurons is known as:

 a.   reflex.
 b.   seizure.
 c.   inattentiveness.
 d.   brain death.
The cognitive disorder that results in the
loss of memory of events that occurred
before a head injury is:

a.   selective memory deficit.
b.   anterograde amnesia.
c.   retrograde amnesia.
d.   executive memory deficit.
Since his cerebral vascular accident, Mr. Harold
Thomas has been unable to recognize and
identify objects by touch because of injury to the
sensory cortex. This condition is a form of:

a.   hypomimesis.
b.   agnosia.
c.   dysphasia.
d.   agraphia.
A decrease in cerebral perfusion pressure
is related to which of the following
changes?

a.   Increase in arterial blood pressure
b.   Increase in cerebral blood flow
c.   Increase in intracranial pressure
d.   Cerebral artery vasodilation
A direct consequence of increased
intracranial pressure is:

a.   brain tissue hypoxia.
b.   intracranial hypotension.
c.   ventricular swelling.
d.   expansion of the cranial vault.
Cerebral edema is an accumulation of fluid
in the:

a.   brain ventricles.
b.   brain tissue.
c.   subarachnoid space.
d.   neuroglia.
Mr. Walt Elliot is admitted to the neuro critical
care unit with a severe closed head injury. When
an intraventricular catheter is inserted, the
intracranial pressure is recorded at 24 mm Hg.
This reading is:

a.   higher than normal.
b.   lower than normal.
c.   normal.
d.   borderline.
Spinal shock is characterized by:

 a. Loss of voluntary motor function with
 preservation of reflexes.
 b. Cessation of spinal cord function below
 the lesion.
 c. Loss of spinal cord function at the level
 of the lesion only.
 d. Temporary loss of spinal cord function
 above the lesion.
Which of the following are causes of
seizure disorders?

a.   Depression
b.   Fever
c.   Brain tumors
d.   Cerebral trauma
e.   Dementia
Agnosia can be described as which of the
following?

a.   Somatic
b.   Visual
c.   Auditory
d.   Vibratory
e.   Tactile
Acute confusional states can be caused by
which of the following?

a.   Fevers
b.   Alcohol withdrawal
c.   Ischemia to Wernicke area
d.   Congenital causes
e.   Head injury
Spinal shock is characterized by which of
the following?

a.   Flaccid paralysis
b.   Hyperactive reflexes
c.   Loss of bladder control
d.   Disturbed bowel function
e.   Temporary loss of speech
The most common type of traumatic brain
injury is:

a.   penetrating trauma.
b.   diffuse axonal injury.
c.   focal brain injury.
d.   concussion.
Sam Jackson was in an automobile
accident. At impact, Mr. Jackson’s
forehead struck the windshield. In this
situation, the coup injury would occur in
the:
a. frontal region.
b. temporal region.
c. parietal region.
d. occipital region.
Sam Jackson was in an automobile
accident. At impact, Mr. Jackson’s
forehead struck the windshield. Mr.
Jackson’s contracoup injury would occur in
the:

a.   frontal region.
b.   temporal region.
c.   parietal region.
d.   occipital region.
The main source of bleeding in extradural
(epidural) hematomas is:

a.   arterial.
b.   venous.
c.   capillary.
d.   sinus.
An initial clinical manifestation associated
with acute spinal cord injury is:

a. pain below the level of the injury.
b. loss of autonomic reflexes above the
injury.
c. loss of voluntary control below the
injury.
d. hyperactive spinal reflexes below the
injury.
Six weeks ago Sarah Johnson suffered a T6
spinal cord injury. Suddenly she develops a
blood pressure of 200/120, a severe headache,
blurred vision, and bradycardia. Ms. Johnson is
likely experiencing:

a.   extreme spinal shock.
b.   acute anxiety.
c.   autonomic hyperreflexia.
d.   parasympathetic areflexia.
Which population subgroups are at
highest risk for traumatic brain injury?

a.   Infants
b.   Young school age children
c.   Males 15 to 35 years of age
d.   Females age 35 to 55 years of age
e.   Elderly persons over age 65
Symptoms of bacterial meningitis can
include:

a.   skin rash.
b.   mild focal headache.
c.   vomiting.
d.   nuchal rigidity.
e.   respiratory distress.
Effects of intracranial tumors include:

 a.   seizures.
 b.   increased ICP.
 c.   infections.
 d.   visual disturbances.
 e.   encephalitis.

								
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