•Canada’s eastern Economic region •Provinces of New Brunswick,Prince Edwards Island,Nova Scotia,the island of Newfoundland, and the gaspe region of Quebec. •Major land resources such as fish, forest and farmland. •Mineral deposits such as lead,zinc and coal. •Coal Mining in the time of confederation was used 2/3 in Canada. •Steel manufacturing was traded a lot with the the US and Britain. •Natural harbors. •Oil and natural gas reserves off the coast of Newfoundland. •Potato farming in PEI and New Brunswick and orchards in Nova Scotia. •Harsh climate in Newfoundland,settlement remaining low. More fertile land in more southern areas of the region and not as harsh climate settlement grew quickly. •Forest in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick were prized as masts for naval ships and also harvest pulp and paper mills. •Time of confederation Halifax and Saint John had internationally imported dockyards and shipbuilding facilities. Making Advance in The Steamboat and iron ships. •Canada’s power increased and eventually came in to control of the region’s Mining,financial, and limited manufacturing industries after confederation.Changing markets and technology,depleted resources, and reliance on resource-based activities led to the •In The Atlantic region regional disparity has been and remains a chronic issue. But today cod and ground fish stocks are depleting the fishing industry, changing the Atlantic economy. •Environmental issues, such as changes in water temperature,pollution, and seal pollution plays a factor in changing in the Atlantic community. •In other industries such as the Agricultural industry business has sky rocketed leaving many more people with jobs such as farming, trucking, and equipment manufacturing. •Newfoundland and the Atlantic region •The Hibernia oil field holds more promise for the Atlantic region, except where the The Atlantic come in. Environmental issues Region stands up to not only oil royalties and job opportunities, but from optimism at a time when older industries are in decline. http://www.honda.ca/hondaCA/dealershi p/img/mapEng/province_atlantic_edwar http://www11.hrsdc.gc.ca/en/cs/sp/hrsdc/arb/publication d_E.gif s/research/2000-000138/images/figure4_5_e.gif Smallest economic Water transportation routes region connected the various comminutes and allowed raw materials to be Occupies less then 2 transported. percent of the nations total land area. As lumbering increased, more land was cleared, and agriculture Geographically the and decrement expanded. region consists of fertile By the confederation, low lands and mild climate manufacturing of iron and steal, The St. Lawrence and clothing, saw mills, breweries, and the Great Lakes both even an oil refinery, became major valuable resources and component of the economy. superb waterways strategically close to the European contact booming U.S. brought the fur trade, and Eventually linked up to the better settlement and the railway to Atlantic and the western beginnings of provinces. manufacturing. Known as Canada’s Industrial Heartland Became Canada’s financial center In late decades of twentieth century, the automotive sector dominated the regions manufacturing. QuickTime™ and a U.S automotive giants ford, chiseler, TIF F (U ncompressed) decompressor and general motors, have long are needed to see this picture. operated plants here Region provides a pool of skilled labors and a strong infrastructure Japanese automakers Honda, and Toyota also have points based here. High-tech industries also expanded and reshaped the economy Great Lakes also has an abundant supply of Many high-tech companies located electrical. here. Home of more than half of Canada’s In a world of high finance this region population is still on top Largest market in Canada Most of Canada’s banks, trust companies, and insurance Golden horse shoe is heavily industrialized companies have head offices in this and densely populated. region Severe environmental damage has resulted Both are very polluted. from industrial waste, and smog Canada’s largest economic region It included all of Labrador, Ontario, Quebec, eastern tip of Baffin Island and, east and south of Great bear lake. The shield Region has many deposits, like nickel, copper, gold, silver, lead, and zinc. Before European contact, native groups like the Ojibwa, fished for a living and for food. Fur trade, forestry, pulp, and paper became major industries. In 1901a logia steel dominated In 1902 INCO was formed(international Nickel Company) INCO was to mine some of the world’s richest deposits of nickel, copper, and silver. INCO soon built many smelters, the built them in Sudbury, Ontario and Thompson, and Manitoba where is sold it’s products around the world. Massive Hydroelectric developments flooded watersheds and threatened the lives of many aboriginal people.The government has responded by imposing emission Reduction programs, environmental reviews, and aboriginal consultations.But the issues are far from being resolved. The minerals and metals are commodities that change in value of global demand and supply If a region is heavily dependent on the mining it might have struggles. When a mine closes the own around it may disperse or struggle to survive. Schefferville, Quebec, the Ion Ore Company closed In 1981 world prices were too low for the company to make any profit Occupies a vast area of Canada’s landmass. It’s western limit cuts into a corner of the Yukon of the Beaufort Sea. The boundary swings east and south through the Northwest Territories and Nunavut, skirts the northern area of Manitoba and Ontario along Hudson Bay, and swings north again to include the northwestern tip of Québec and most of Baffin Island. Most of it is above the tree line, north of the line of continuous permafrost. The landscape is stark and the climate is harsh. Waterway is frozen during wither. Long cold dark winters. The north region consists of mountains, plateaus, lowlands and high lands. The northern portion of the Interior In the north, the prairie tapers Plains. off and turns, occuping a samll The region fallows the contour of the section of the Yykon Canadian shield on the east. Consists primarily of rolling plains, which gradually slope On the west it reaches to the Western downwardin 3 levels from west Mountains. to east. It includes the southern portions of Natives in this region hunted Manitpba and Saskatchewa, most of the bison. Alberta and the northeastern corner of Europeans were focuced on the BC. fur trade. Many settlers came after confederation and the building of railways, and changed the aboriginals way of life forever. QuickTime™ a nd a Forestry was a huge activity I TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor the prairies. are need ed to see this picture. By 1914,most of the natural grasslands in the southern areas had been ploughes under. • More than 80% of Canada’s farmland is located here. • In 1914 oil was discovered. • As in other regions, population has become increasingly urbanized. QuickTime™ and a TIFF (Un compressed) decompressor • Technological change has led to fewer and are neede d to se e this picture. larger farms and a drastic reduction in the number of people employed in faming. • The Prairie Region now has a number of metropolitan areas. Such as Edmonton, Calgary, Winnipeg, and Saskatoon. • The region’s economy is still largely resource-based and subject to global price cycles. But continuing investment in our sectors QuickTime™ an d a TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor are need ed to see this picture.
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