canada econ. reg..ppt - PowerPoint Presentation by gjjur4356


									•Canada’s eastern Economic region
•Provinces of New Brunswick,Prince Edwards Island,Nova Scotia,the island of
Newfoundland, and the gaspe region of Quebec.
•Major land resources such as fish, forest and farmland.
•Mineral deposits such as lead,zinc and coal.
•Coal Mining in the time of confederation was used 2/3 in Canada.
•Steel manufacturing was traded a lot with the the US and Britain.
•Natural harbors.
•Oil and natural gas reserves off the coast of Newfoundland.
•Potato farming in PEI and New Brunswick and orchards in Nova Scotia.
•Harsh climate in Newfoundland,settlement remaining low. More fertile land in more
southern areas of the region and not as harsh climate settlement grew quickly.
•Forest in Nova Scotia and New Brunswick were prized as masts for naval ships and also
harvest pulp and paper mills.
•Time of confederation Halifax and Saint John had internationally imported dockyards and
shipbuilding facilities. Making Advance in The Steamboat and iron ships.
•Canada’s power increased and eventually came in to control of the region’s
Mining,financial, and limited manufacturing industries after confederation.Changing markets
and technology,depleted resources, and reliance on resource-based activities led to the
•In The Atlantic region regional disparity has been and remains a chronic issue. But
today cod and ground fish stocks are depleting the fishing industry, changing the
Atlantic economy.
•Environmental issues, such as changes in water temperature,pollution, and seal
pollution plays a factor in changing in the Atlantic community.
•In other industries such as the Agricultural industry business has sky rocketed
leaving many more people with jobs such as farming, trucking, and equipment
                                     •Newfoundland and the Atlantic region
•The Hibernia oil field holds more promise for the Atlantic region, except where the
   The Atlantic come in.
Environmental issues Region
                                     stands up to not only oil royalties and job
                                     opportunities, but from optimism at a time
                                     when older industries are in decline.
d_E.gif                                    s/research/2000-000138/images/figure4_5_e.gif
Smallest economic             Water transportation routes
region                         connected the various comminutes
                               and allowed raw materials to be
Occupies less then 2          transported.
percent of the nations total
land area.                     As lumbering increased, more
                               land was cleared, and agriculture
Geographically the            and decrement expanded.
region consists of fertile
                               By the confederation,
low lands and mild climate
                               manufacturing of iron and steal,
The St. Lawrence and          clothing, saw mills, breweries, and
the Great Lakes both           even an oil refinery, became major
valuable resources and         component of the economy.
superb waterways                strategically close to the
European contact              booming U.S.
brought the fur trade, and     Eventually linked up to the
better settlement and the      railway to Atlantic and the western
beginnings of                  provinces.
 Known as Canada’s Industrial
 Became Canada’s financial center
 In late decades of twentieth century,
  the automotive sector dominated the
  regions manufacturing.                              QuickTime™ and a
 U.S automotive giants ford, chiseler,    TIF F (U ncompressed) decompressor
  and general motors, have long               are needed to see this picture.
  operated plants here
 Region provides a pool of skilled
  labors and a strong infrastructure
 Japanese automakers Honda, and
  Toyota also have points based here.
 High-tech industries also expanded
  and reshaped the economy                   Great Lakes also has an abundant supply of
 Many high-tech companies located           electrical.
  here.                                      Home of more than half of Canada’s
 In a world of high finance this region     population
  is still on top
                                             Largest market in Canada
 Most of Canada’s banks, trust
  companies, and insurance                   Golden horse shoe is heavily industrialized
  companies have head offices in this        and densely populated.
                                             Severe environmental damage has resulted
 Both are very polluted.                    from industrial waste, and smog
 Canada’s largest economic region
 It included all of Labrador, Ontario,
  Quebec, eastern tip of Baffin Island and,
  east and south of Great bear lake.
 The shield Region has many deposits, like
  nickel, copper, gold, silver, lead, and zinc.
 Before European contact, native groups
  like the Ojibwa, fished for a living and for
 Fur trade, forestry, pulp, and paper
  became major industries.
 In 1901a logia steel dominated
 In 1902 INCO was formed(international
  Nickel Company)
 INCO was to mine some of the world’s
  richest deposits of nickel, copper, and
 INCO soon built many smelters, the built
  them in Sudbury, Ontario and Thompson,
  and Manitoba where is sold it’s products
  around the world.
Massive Hydroelectric developments
flooded watersheds and threatened the lives
of many aboriginal people.The government
has responded by imposing emission
Reduction programs, environmental
reviews, and aboriginal
consultations.But the issues are far
from being resolved.
The minerals and metals are
commodities that change in value of
global demand and supply
If a region is heavily dependent on the
mining it might have struggles.
When a mine closes the own around it
may disperse or struggle to survive.
Schefferville, Quebec, the Ion Ore
Company closed
In 1981 world prices were too low for
the company to make any profit
 Occupies a vast area of Canada’s
 It’s western limit cuts into a corner
  of the Yukon of the Beaufort Sea.
 The boundary swings east and
  south through the Northwest
  Territories and Nunavut, skirts the
  northern area of Manitoba and
  Ontario along Hudson Bay, and
  swings north again to include the
  northwestern tip of Québec and
  most of Baffin Island.
 Most of it is above the tree line,
  north of the line of continuous
 The landscape is stark and the
  climate is harsh.
 Waterway is frozen during wither.
 Long cold dark winters.
 The north region consists of
  mountains, plateaus, lowlands
  and high lands.
   The northern portion of the Interior
                                                In the north, the prairie tapers
                                                 off and turns, occuping a samll
   The region fallows the contour of the        section of the Yykon
    Canadian shield on the east.                Consists primarily of rolling
                                                 plains, which gradually slope
   On the west it reaches to the Western        downwardin 3 levels from west
    Mountains.                                   to east.
   It includes the southern portions of        Natives in this region hunted
    Manitpba and Saskatchewa, most of the        bison.
    Alberta and the northeastern corner of      Europeans were focuced on the
    BC.                                          fur trade.
                                                Many settlers came after
                                                 confederation and the building
                                                 of railways, and changed the
                                                 aboriginals way of life forever.
                QuickTime™ a nd a               Forestry was a huge activity I
       TIFF (Uncompressed) decompressor          the prairies.
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                                                By 1914,most of the natural
                                                 grasslands in the southern
                                                 areas had been ploughes
•   More than 80% of Canada’s farmland is
    located here.
•   In 1914 oil was discovered.
•   As in other regions, population has become
    increasingly urbanized.                                 QuickTime™ and a
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•   Technological change has led to fewer and        are neede d to se e this picture.

    larger farms and a drastic reduction in the
    number of people employed in faming.
•   The Prairie Region now has a number of
    metropolitan areas. Such as Edmonton,
    Calgary, Winnipeg, and Saskatoon.
•   The region’s economy is still largely
    resource-based and subject to global price
    cycles. But continuing investment in our

                                                                     QuickTime™ an d a
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                                                              are need ed to see this picture.

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