Abstract # 0000
The Quality of Life of Relative Caregivers and Impact of the Relative Caregiver Program
Social Work Department
University of TN at Chattanooga
ABSTRACT RESEARCH QUESTIONS BIBLIOGRAPHY/SOURCES CITED
Be’dard, M., Molloy, D.W., Squire, L., Dubois, S., Lever, J.A. &
In the past, relative care giving has been a term used to 1. Is there a positive relationship between the O’Donnell, M. (2001). The Zarit Burden interview: A new short
describe adults caring for an ill parent or other family Relative Caregiver program and the self-reported version and screening version. The Gerontologist, 41(5), 652-
member. However, this term is now being used to define a quality of life of caregivers who participate in the Berrick, J.D. (1997). Assessing quality of care in kinship and
new group of caregivers. Grandparents, aunts, uncles and RCP? foster family care. Family Relations, 46(3), 273-280.
other family members are now being referred to as relative Bullock, K. (2005). Grandfathers and the impact of raising
grandchildren. Journal of Sociology and Social Welfare,
caregivers due to the growing number of parents who are 2. Is there a positive relationship between raising 32(1), 43-59. Dolbin-MacNab, M. ((2006). Just like rasing your
unable to take care of their children for reasons such as children not biologically your own and self-reported own? Grandmothers’ perceptions of parenting a second time
parental substance abuse, mental health, abandonment and quality of life of Relative Caregiver program around. Family Relations, (55), 564-575.
death just to name a few (Dolbin-Macnab, 2006). There is a participants? Duncan, S., Edwards, R. Reynolds, T. & Alldred, P. (2004).
Mothers and children: Policies, values, and theories. Children
lack of research on this form of care giving and no widely and Society, 18, 254-265.
used instrument to measure the quality of life of these Edwards, O.W. & Daire, A.P. (2006). School-age children raised
individuals or the limited programs they utilize. The only DESCRIPTION OF SAMPLING FRAME by their grandparents: Problems and solution. Journal of
Instructional Psychology, 33(2), 113-119.
measure for relative caregivers, the Zarit Burden Interview, Geen, R. (2004). The evolution of kinship care: Policy and
used for care giving for older adults, is a useful tool and will The population from which I will gather my data will STUDY PROCEDURES FOR practice. The Future of Children, 14(1), 130-149.
be utilized in this study. Relative Care giving has more than consist of men and women, predominantly women INSERT PICTRUE ILLUSTRATING STUDY TOPIC Goodman, K.C. & Silverstein, M. (2006). Grandmothers raising
ages thirty to seventy who are active participants in IMPLEMENTATION AND DATA grandchildren: Ethnic and racial differences in well-being
doubled in the past thirty years growing to 4.5 million
children being raised by someone other then a parent the Relative Caregiver program. To be considered an ANALYSIS STEPS among custodial and coparenting families. Journal of Family
Issues, 27(11), 1605-1626.
(Dolbin-MacNab 2006). Relative care giving is more than active participant they must have legal guardianship Harrison, K.A., Richmond, G.S. & Vittimberga, G.L. (2000).
over and be raising at least one child that is not The procedures I will be using for data Parental stress in grandparents versus parents raising children
relatives raising relatives it is a contribution to society by the
individual allowing the children to remain in the family as biologically their own. The participants will have to collection are as follows. I will give each with behavioral problems. Journal of Family Issues, 20, 262-
have contacted the family advocate in their county for 270.
opposed to being sent into the foster care system. The caregiver an informed consent to sign at the Kim-Cohen, J., Caspi, A., Rutter, M., To’mas, M.P. & Moffitt, T.
purpose of this study is to evaluate caregivers of children in at least one of the following reasons in the last six beginning of the study that will allow me to (2006). The care giving environments given to children by
different types of families in order to measure their quality months: 1. case management (i.e. Financial, mothers with or without an antisocial history. American Journal
audio record the interviews that take place at of Psychiatry, 163, 1009-1018.
of life, how their lives has changed since they began caring emotional or start up assistance) 2. Participated in
the respite or enrichment activities 3. Attended a the care givers residence, inform the Kroll, B. (2006). A family affair? Kinship care and parental
for the children and the Relative Caregiver program’s level substance misuse: Some dilemmas explored. Child and
support group participants of their right to withdraw from the Family Social Work, 12(1), 84-93. Retrieved September, 18
of effectiveness with these families. The data collected for
analysis will consist of surveys obtaining information about study and ensure confidentiality of the 2007 from http://www.blackwell-synergy.com.
Leos-Urbel, J., Bess, R., & Geen, R. (2001). State policies for
the efficiency of the Relative Caregiver program, interviews caregiver’s personal information throughout assessing and supporting kinship foster parents. The Urban
about the quality of life of the caregivers and the Zarit DESCRIPTION OF METHODS TO the study. The caregiver satisfaction survey Institute: Washington D.C.
Burden Interview will be utilized to compare how relative Milan, S., Kershaw, T.S., Lewis, J., Westdahl, C., Rising, S.S.,
SELECT STUDY SAMPLE obtained from my agency, Signal Centers,
Patrickos, M. & Ickovics, J.R. (2007). Care giving history and
caregivers of children respond to the same questions given In this study I will be using three measures including will be given out at a support group. Portions prenatal depressive symptoms in low-income adolescent and
to relative caregivers of adults. Data will be collected over a the Caregiver Satisfaction Survey, a portion of the of the Zarit Burden Interview, the 12-item young adult women: moderating and mediating effects.
three month period and then analyzed to evaluate the life Psychology of Women Quarterly, 31, 241-251.
Zarit Burden Interview with my own questions in Likert version, will also be handed out at the Minkler, M. & Fuller-Thompson, E. (1999). The health of
satisfaction of the caregivers and the program in which they scale format attached to the bottom and the Family grandparents raising grandchildren: Results of a national
participate. support group and then collected for data. I
Needs Assessment. The Caregiver Satisfaction study. American Public Health Association, 89(9), 1384-1390.
will also attach a few of my own questions in Retrieved September 9, 2007, from http://proquest.umi.com
Survey is used to record the services that the
Likert scale format to the end of this Montgomery, R.J.V., Gonyea, J.G. & Hooyman, N.R. (1985).
caregivers use and which activities they feel are the Care giving and the experience of objective and subjective
PURPOSE/RATIONALE most beneficial to them. This survey has a Likert instrument. I will be going through the files of burden. Family Relations, 34(1), 19-26.
scale which asks the clients to rate the effectiveness the participants in order to collect information Musil, C.M. (1998). Health, stress, coping and social support in
Due to the overwhelming number of parents unable to care grandmothers caregivers. Healthcare for Women International,
for their children due to parental incarceration, substance of the family advocate as well. The Zarit Burden from the Family Needs Assessment. Since 19, 441-455.
Interview, most commonly used to measure the stress many of the caregivers are unable to attend O’Rouke, N. & Tuokko, H.A. (2003). Psychometric properties of
abuse, abandonment, etc. relative care giving is on the rise.
of adults caring for older family members will be an abridged version of the Zarit Burden Interview within a
That is, a relative of the biological parent assumes the the monthly support groups I will be making representative Canadian caregiver sample. The Gerontologist,
utilized to determine the level of stress of relative Windows XP Version
responsibility of the primary caregiver. However, in many visits to the homes of the caregivers who are 43(1), 121-127.
caregivers. The information stored in the client’s files Robertson, S.M., Zarit, S.H., Duncan, L.G., Rovine, R.J. & Femia,
situations many of these relative caregivers are asking for from the Family Needs Assessment will also be used willing to participate in my study. I will be E.E. (2007). Family caregivers’ patterns of positive and
and being granted custody. The purpose of this study is to to determine the level of progress the caregivers have audio recording the interviews that take place negative affect. Family Relations, 56, 12-23.
Ross, M.E.T. & Aday, L.A. (2006). Stress and coping in African
determine the positive and negative effects that raising achieved since they entered the program. at each home visit with the permission given American grandparents who are raising their grandchildren.
someone else’s children may have on someone as well as by the caregivers on the informed consent. Journal of Family Issues, 27(7), 912-932.
evaluate the effectiveness of the Relative Caregiver program.