Aboriginal Initiative

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					Aboriginal Initiative

   College of Medicine,
University of Saskatchewan


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              Aboriginal Initiative
 “The primary objective is to achieve a student body…
  representative of the changing demographic… with
  respect to the rising Aboriginal population”
 Since its establishment the C of M has graduated 17
  physicians of Aboriginal ancestry, with 2 enrolled since
  1997. The School of Physical Therapy has enrolled 3
  since 2000.
 To reflect current demographics and meet the College’s
  social contract, 10 of 60 students admitted each year
  should be of Aboriginal ancestry.
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           Why strive for equity?
 Demographic:   current Aboriginal population 12 –
  15% with estimated 2020 population of >25%
 Service: disproportionate users of health care
  resources due to generally low socioeconomic
  status and other health determinants
 Social Accountability: Aboriginal peoples are the
  most marginalized group in our society, both
  regionally and nationally
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           Why strive for equity?
 Accreditation: “existing policies are insufficient to
  address the college’s implied social contract and
  expectations of the rapidly growing Aboriginal
  population of the province” (CACMS/LCME April
  2002).



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   U of S “Framework for Planning”
 “At the University of Saskatchewan, we must
 dedicate ourselves to making available to all
 Aboriginal peoples the full range of our programs,
 and we must adopt strategies that will improve
 their ability to succeed”



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University of Saskatchewan

   Responding to the Needs of
      Aboriginal Peoples:
    A Conceptual Framework

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  Aboriginal Conceptual Framework
 Academic    Programs: The U of S degree and
  certificate programs should be distinguished by
  their breadth and by the inclusion of Aboriginal
  knowledge in the curriculum.
 Student Affairs: The U of S should aim for
  national leadership in innovative programs and
  services designed to recruit and retain Aboriginal
  students.
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  Aboriginal Conceptual Framework
 Research:  The U of S will become a national
  centre of excellence in research directly related to
  Aboriginal peoples.
 Community Outreach: The U of S should be more
  visible, engaged and knowledgeable about
  community issues. It should participate in locally-
  based research projects that are immediately
  relevant to Aboriginal communities.
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  Aboriginal Conceptual Framework
 Cultural Programs:  Faculty, students and staff at
  the U of S should be sensitive to and
  knowledgeable about the history and culture of
  Aboriginal people. Opportunities to understand
  and celebrate Aboriginal language and culture both
  on campus and in the Aboriginal community
  should be available.

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  Aboriginal Conceptual Framework
 Coordination:The U of S should significantly
 enhance integration of its programs and services
 and develop effective working partnerships with
 the Aboriginal community.




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             University Initiatives
 Establishment of Aboriginal Students’ Centre. Director
  Kathleen Makela. Funds secured for construction with
  project currently in the design and consultation stage.
 Appointment of George Lafond, Special Advisor (2002).
 Integrated planning process with Ken Coates, creation and
  ratification of “Forging New Relationships: The
  Foundational Document on Aboriginal Initiatives at the
  University of Saskatchewan” (2003).


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            University Initiatives
             Human Resources
 Candace   Wasacase-Lafferty appointed
 Aboriginal Cross-Cultural facilitated workshops:
  70 – 80 university employees per year, 40%
  CUPE, 40% ASPA, 20% Faculty. Mix of
  historical and contemporary themes, with a focus
  on employment issues.
 Piloting of on-line format

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 SMAR(3)T: Science and Math for
 Aboriginal Students: Recruitment,
 Retention, Research, and Transition
 David Cowan, Arts & Science, with support from
  Agriculture, Medicine, Engineering and Extension
 Proposed On-campus unit, administered jointly by Arts &
  Science and Extension , with both university and
  community initiatives from “K to PhD”: 1) K – 12,
  2) Transition Off and 3) On-Campus, 4) Academic
  Support, 5) Graduate Studies & Research, 6) Employment.

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                  SMAR(3)T
 Consultations with   FSIN, FNUC, SIIT, Northern
  Labour Board.
 Advocacy for the extension of TEPS programs to
  the secondary level, on-campus and extension
  support of Aboriginal math and science teachers
  and an “Aboriginal” science curriculum.
 Continued consultation and communication with
  partnered Colleges.
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         Arts & Sciences Initiatives

 Arts and Science Aboriginal Coordinator,
  Charlotte Ross
 Aboriginal First Year Experience Program (2003).
  Coordinator Jamie Fiddler. Provides tutor support
  & Aboriginal content to aid transition and
  retention. (Current attrition 44%, vs. norm of
  25%)
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      Arts and Sciences Initiatives
 Super Saturdays with Extension Division
 Muskoday Program for Grade XII exposure: Lee
  Wilson
 FSIN mobile Summer Science Camp
 Aboriginal Tutoring Program
 2003 enrollment: A&S 540 (BSc 56), Engineering
  54, Graduate Studies 22
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  C of M Aboriginal Initiative: Goals
 Increase   Aboriginal medical student enrollment

 Recruit   Aboriginal faculty

 Create   a receptive environment for both


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       C of M Aboriginal Initiative:
          Increased Enrollment
 Pre-university   primary and secondary school
  initiatives to promote science training and a career
  in the Health Sciences
 Action: Support of and coordination with Native
  Access Program to Nursing, Promotion of
  Medicine at career fairs, Aboriginal conferences
  and in communities, SPT “Super Saturday”
  involvement, (Aboriginal) role modeling
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        C of M Pre-Med Initiatives
 SMAR(3)T
 Tracking and encouraging Aboriginal students to consider
  the Health Sciences.
 Pre-med Awards of $2,500: 3 1 st year and 3 2nd year
  (2003)
 Aboriginal Exposure (Dr. Sibley): one day clinical
  experiences in lieu of prior 2 week mentorship's.
 MCAT support (tutoring & library reference centre)

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       C of M Pre-Med Initiatives

 Aboriginal  Access Program
 Health Sciences Deans’ Committee (Kinesiology,
  Medicine,Nursing, Physical Therapy,
  Pharmacology & Nutrition, Physical Therapy)
  Working Group on Aboriginal Health:
  coordination in realms of recruitment, retention,
  laddering, faculty and curricular development and
  community consultation.
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      C of M Undergrad Initiatives

 Thematic  review of curriculum
 Co-presentation on Aboriginal Population Health
  by James Irvine and Don Caisse
 Lifecycles and Humanities Wanuskewin pilot:
  Historical Context and Treaty, Traditional Healing
  Practices and Protocols, Beliefs and Ceremonies
 Aboriginal Health Issues: Lucy Nickel

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      C of M Undergrad Initiatives
 Over subscribed northern Community Experience
 NMS Clinical Clerkship rotations
 Environmental scan: ACMC, NAHO, U of C
  (Lynden Crowshoe), U of A.
 Dean’s consultations with Aboriginal medical
  students

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      C of M Post-Grad Initiatives

 Recruitment  to Family Medicine, Internal
  Medicine and CH&E
 Aboriginal Health community exposure: Regina
  Four Directions, Saskatoon relocation, Prince
  Albert Rural, NMS Ile a la Crosse and La Ronge
 Clinical Part-time Aboriginal Faculty: Lucy
  Nickel, Janet Tootoosis
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 C of Medicine Faculty Development
 Recruitment   initiatives: Family Medicine, CH&E,
  Psychiatry
 Aboriginal Health Speakers’ Series: FSIN Vice-
  Chief Lawrence Joseph, Dr. Clifford Traszer (co-
  sponsored College of Law Bilson Lecturer), Dr.
  Mehl-Medrona, Dr. Malcolm King


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       C of M Research Initiatives
 CH&E recruitment   of Dr. Janet Smiley, MPH MD
  CCFP as Director, Indigenous Peoples’ Health
  Research Centre
 Increasing number of collaborative research
  endeavors



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        Community Consultations
 Health Sciences   Deans’ Working Group Elders’
  Consultation: recommended inclusion of Elders in
  initiative development, inclusion of experiential
  and Indigenous Knowledge curricula, and an
  expansion of the College’s relationship with the
  Elders and Aboriginal community.
 Dean’s ongoing community and RHA
  consultations
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             Recommendations
 Appointment    of a Director of Aboriginal Affairs
  with responsibilities in the domains of Aboriginal
  student recruitment and support, post-graduate
  retention, curricular development, faculty and
  research support, and Health Sciences,university,
  and community liaison.
 Appointment and utilization of an Elder or Elders,
  with appropriate recognition, in development of
  the College’s Aboriginal initiatives.
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              Recommendations
 Further  review of the undergraduate curriculum
  with iterative learning opportunities from the
  cognitive to the experiential, including Indigenous
  Knowledge.
 Invitation of Prof. W. Ermine, FNUC, to speak on
  Ethical Space as a construct for future
  collaboration and development. An appointment
  with ongoing consultation should be explored.
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               Recommendations
 Require all C of M Aboriginal specific teaching, research
  or service initiatives to include meaningful Aboriginal
  consultation and collaboration.
 Meet or exceed the standards established in the
  university’s Conceptual Framework. Develop and
  promote legitimate, inclusive Aboriginal Health education
  to the level that the College of Medicine becomes a
  national and international leader in this domain.

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