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Fire Protection System - PDF


The present inventionrelates to a fire protection system for ensuring that a space inside a building is sealed off in a light-permeable, fire-resistant manner.Fire protection barriers are required for many areas inside buildings per statutory fire protection codes. When glass panes are used in these areas inside buildings, e.g., as glass panes in doors or windows, they must also be in compliance withfire codes.Conventional window panes, i.e., soda-lime panes, are unsuitable for use as fire protection barriers, because they blow out when subjected to high thermal load. The fire and the resultant thermal radiation could spread uninhibited. The reasonsfor this are their relatively high thermal expansion coefficients and their relatively low tensile strength.The industry therefore developed a large variety of fire protection glass panes that resist fire, at least for a certain period of time. The fire protection glass panes are the subject of numerous relevant patents that are based on the principleof attaining fire protection by using particularly heat-resistant, transparent fire protection panels, e.g., made of glass ceramic or heat-tempered glass, and using specified configurations and retaining devices. The term "fire protection glass panes"is therefore understood to mean components and systems composed of one or more light-permeable glass panel fields installed in a frame with retaining devices and seals.Fire protection glass panes do not all have the same level of fire resistance. The level of fire resistance is selected based on the particular application and is expressed in the relevant codes as the "fire-risk category". The differentfire-risk categories for glass panes are EI, EW and E. Glass panes are further characterized by also specifying their fire endurance, in minutes (e.g., EW 30, EI 90, E 30). "E" glass panes only prevent fire and smoke from spreading, for the period oftime indicated. "EW" glass panes must also prevent the passage of thermal r

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