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					Lecture 3c 24 Jan 2011

Life Cycle Nutrition

    Adult

    Seniors
Adult 18 -64

Womens issues

     More prevalent in females
         80 % of osteoporosis cases
         75 % of autoimmune cases

          disproportionate number of cases of
               diabetes mellitus
               irritable bowel syndrome
               psychiatric conditions (eg
               depression)
Adult 18 -64
Womens issues

heart disease # 1 killer-impact of estrogen
     delays onset then catch up in a hurry to
     men

          -diet low in fat and saturated fat, rich in
          fruits and vegetables (7-8 servings
          daily) and whole grains and not
          excessive in whole calories
Adult 18 -64
Womens issues

cancer- # 2 killer (lung, breast, then
                 colorectal)
                 -7-8 servings of fruits and
                       vegetables daily
                 -phytoestrogens in soy believed
                 to help though isoflavones
                 in one animal study
                 increased cancer rate

obesity- apparently greater in females-
               greater risk of type II diabetes
Adult

Men’s issues
          Shorter lifespan than females due to
          higher degree of risk taking- nutrition
          can do nothing about this fact

          All all ages 88 % more likely to die from
                heart disease
          45 % more likely to die from cancer
          18 % more likely to die from stroke
          69 % more likely to die from pneumonia
                or influenza
Adult

Men’s issues continued

However heart disease and cancer are
number 1 and 2 killers of all adults

Heart disease
          -risk factors same as women
Adult

Men’s issues continued

Cancer

-cancers of lower esophagus and lower stomach
are rising and both are higher in men than in
women

-lower esophageal cancer apparently related to
obesity and inadequate intake of fruits and
vegetables
Seniors (65 and older)

-80 % of seniors have at least one of arthritis,
hypertension, heart disease or diabetes

-loss of lean body mass and increase in adipose
tissue leading to progressive decrease in basal
metabolic rate

-loss of teeth, periodontal disease and decrease in
jaw bone mass (osteoporosis), in some there is
decreased saliva (may be medication related)
Seniors (65 and older)

-increased constipation due to:
     decreased peristalsis secondary to:
     a) lost abdominal muscle tone,

     b) inadequate fluid and fibre intake,

     c) drug therapy,

     d) decrease in exercise
Seniors (65 and older)

-cns- dementia, tremors, slowed reaction time,
personality changes and depression- consequences?

-renal-incontinence

-sensory -decreased
              hearing
              visual acuity
              olfactory
              taste changes
              thirst sense
Next lecture

Diabetes

				
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