Family o w i n g Passage A p a s s a g e Things I Learned From Dad a n d t r y t o f i l l i n t h e b l a n k s w i t h t h e m i s Directions: Listen to the following passage and try to fill in the blanks with the missing words. Click here to listen A family begins with two people. Love deepens and grows between a couple and soon a wedding 1)___ , the beginnings of a family. Children are born, growing and 2)__ with every passing year. When grown up, they, too, fall in love and marry. The 3) of creating a family begins again, adding generations to the family. A day in the life of a family is 4) work and school, errands and chores. At the end of a busy day we can find children 5) sharing the events of their day with Mom and Dad. It is a time 6) working together and playing together. Reading to the children, 7) songs, doing homework together, and playing games are some 8) that take place during family time. A television 9) may be what each family member needs to 10) and enjoy some quiet time together. Strong family relationships are developed by spending quality time together. 1. takes place 2. maturing 3. process 4. excitedly 5. filled with 6.for 7. singing 8. activities 9. show 10 relax Lead-in Questions 1. What effect does growing up in a love-filled home have on children? . 2. Do you think parents should enforce their will on their children? 3. Will words of encouragement from parents have a lifelong influence on their children? Explain. (Click the button below to go to each part.) Related Information WNBA’s New York Liberty Rebecca Lobo Richard Branson The Virgin Group of Companies Alabama Congress The House of Representatives John Lewis WNBA’s New York Liberty New York LibertyLogo WNBA: Women’s National Basketball Association WNBA Logo The Official Site of WNBA: http://www.wnba.com Rebecca Lobo Lobo is one of the most accomplished basketball players, both personally and professionally. She is a star forward with the WNBA’s New York Liberty basketball team. She was voted as a member of the first-ever WNBA Eastern Conference All-Star Team in 1999, and was named to the All-WNBA Second Team in 1997. She loves to write and co-wrote a daughter-mother autobiography called The Home Team, about the special relationship she has with her mother, RuthAnn, and about RuthAnn’s battle with breast cancer. http://www.wnba.com/playerfile/rebecca_lobo/index.html Richard Branson Led by founder, chairman, and owner Sir Richard Branson, Virgin Group has more than 200 entertainment, media, and travel companies around the world. Its largest moneymaker is Virgin Atlantic Airways, second-largest airline in the UK behind British Airways. Virgin's other interests include retailing (music, videos, and computer games), airships, beverages, cosmetics, clothing, financial services, health clubs, Internet services, mobile phone services, passenger trains, publishing, record labels, tour operations, and TV production. http://business.virgin.net/daniel.jesudasen/cola/ac_vgn.htm Alabama Alabama Highway Alabama Hills State Official Site: http://www.state.al.us/ Alabama is a state in the East South Central United States. It is one of the principal states of the South and is often referred to as the Heart of Dixie. The state capital, Montgomery is popularly known as the Cradle of the Confederacy. Congress Congress is the legislative branch of the federal government. It is the law-making and the supreme legislative body of the nation. It is made up of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. http://www.congress.org/ The U.S. House of Representatives The House of Representatives has 435 voting members plus a nonvoting representative from Puerto Rico and the District of Columbia respectively. The members of the House are called representatives of congressmen. Representatives are elected by the voters from the geographic area within each state. http://www.house.gov/ John Lewis John Lewis has been a United States Congressman representing the Fifth District in Georgia since 1987. One of the acknowledged heroes of the American Civil Rights Movement, Mr. Lewis began with the Nashville Student Movement, was president of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), a Freedom Rider and among the leaders of the 1963 March on Washington. http://www.house.gov/johnlewis/ New words Things I Learned From Dad Three successful people reveal how fathers shape their destiny. Rebecca Lobo: Be Loving 1. I knew — even when I was very young — just how much my mom and dad loved each other. Whenever one of them went out, they kissed each other good-bye. My brother, sister and I thought this was gross! But when I get married, I can only hope that I will have found someone who loves me as much as Dad loves Mom. Because there was always so much love in the family, I grew up with an incredible security blanket. reveal reveal a mystery [secret] 揭露一个秘密 Drunkenness reveal what soberness conceal. 酒后吐真言。 He did not reveal his identity. 他没有透露他的身分。 Notes to the Text 1. My brother, sister and I thought this was gross! (para. 1) My brother, sister, and I thought this (kissing in public) was disgusting! 我们兄妹几个觉得挺肉麻的! Notes to the Text 2. Because there was always so much love in the family, I grew up with an incredible security blanket. (para. 1) Because there was so much love in the family, I grew up feeling very safe and secure. 在我家，爱无处不在，我成长的过程很有安全感， 真是妙不可言。 父亲的教诲 三位成功人士讲述父亲怎样塑造我们的人生。 瑞贝卡·洛伯：充满爱心 自小我就知道，父亲和母亲深深相爱。只 要单独出门，他们总会吻别，我们兄妹几个觉 得挺肉麻的，可结婚时，我却满心希望所找到 的这个人，能像父亲爱母亲那样爱着我。在我 家，爱无处不在，我成长的过程很有安全感， 真是妙不可言。 2. Mom battled breast cancer when I was in college. Despite his worry, Dad was a pillar of strength for us and especially for her. After her mastectomy, she decided against the added trauma of breast-reconstruction surgery. Mom told me that in their entire marriage Dad never suggested that she even change her hairstyle. Instead he has always told her how beautiful she is. And that’s why she thinks fighting cancer wasn’t as hard as it could have been. She knew that no matter what, Dad and his love would be there. Rebecca Lobo, a former College Player of the Year, plays basketball for the WNBA’s New York Liberty. Notes to the Text 3. Despite his worry, Dad was a pillar of strength for us and especially for her. (para. 2) Despite worrying about Mom, Dad was the backbone of the family, and this encouraged all of us, especially Mom.. 父亲自己忧心忡忡，却是我们的精神支柱，对母亲 而言尤其如此。 我上大学时，母亲在与乳腺癌作斗争。父亲自己忧 心忡忡，却是我们的精神支柱，对母亲而言尤其如此。 做了乳房切除术之后，母亲决定不接受乳房再造术， 以免再受手术之苦，母亲告诉我，在他们一起走过的 日子里，父亲甚至不曾叫她改变发型。相反，他总是 对她说，她是多么的美丽动人。正因为这样，与癌症 作斗争，对她而言，倒也并不是多么可怕的事。她深 知，不管发生什么事，父亲和他的爱总是会和她在一 起。 注：瑞贝卡·洛伯曾当选全美“大学最佳球员”， 曾是美国女子职业篮球协会的纽约自由女神队球员。 Richard Branson: Encourage 3. My sisters and I grew up in a little village in England. Our father was a struggling lawyer, but I always knew he was special. He never criticized, but used praise to bring out our best. He'd say, “If you pour water on flowers, they flourish. If you don’t give them water, they die.” Notes to the Text 4. He never criticized, but used praise to bring out our best.(para. 3) He never found faults in us, but encouraged us to do our best. 他从不指责我们，只是表扬，把我们的长处发挥出 来。 bring out one’s best Difficult conditions will sometimes bring out a man's best qualities. 艰苦条件有时会使人造就出良好的品格。 The family crisis really bring out the best in her. 她在家庭遇到危难时,表现出她的优秀品质。 你使我把自己最好的方面都发挥出来了. You bring out the best in me. Your expertise and dedication will bring out the best of everyone on your staff. 有你这样一位精通业务、工作投入的上司，下属一定能各尽 其能。 理查德·布兰森：鼓励 我和几个姐妹在英格兰的一个小村 庄长大。父亲是个律师，为了生计而奔 波，我却一直就认为他与众不同。他从 不指责我们，只是表扬，把我们的长处 发挥出来。他会说：“给花浇水，花就 会茂盛；不浇水，花就会死。” 4. I remember as a child I said something unkind about somebody, and my father said, “Any time you say something unpleasant about somebody else, it’s a reflection of you.” He explained that if I looked for the best in people, I would get the best in return. I've tried to follow this principle in running my company. Notes to the Text 6. Any time you say something unpleasant about somebody else, it's a reflection of you: When you speak unkindly about another, you make yourself look bad. 说别人的坏话，反映你自身的品质。 In return We gave up our seats on the plane and in return received several hundred dollars and seats on the next plane out; . 我们让出了这趟飞机上的座位，但我们 得到了几百美元的报酬和下一班飞机的 座位； we get many benefits in return for our taxes 我们纳税的同时也得到了很多好处。 我还记得我小的时候，说了别人几句 不好听的话，父亲便说，“说别人的坏 话，反映的是你自身的品质。”他还解 释说，看到旁人的长处，别人也会看我 的长处。我在经营公司时，一直尽量遵 循这个原则。 5. Dad's also always been very understanding. At 15, I started a magazine. It was taking up a great deal of my time, and the headmaster of my school gave me a choice: stay in school or leave to work on my magazine. take up 占去，占据；开始从事 .Take up a point 接谈一个话题。 Take up a tea habit. 养成喝茶的习惯。 Take up gardening, golf, yoga 以园艺、打高尔夫球、瑜伽作消遣 父亲还一向通情达理。15岁那年， 我办了一本杂志，花了大量的时间， 校长让我自己作决定：要么继续学 业，要么辍学去办杂志。 6. I decided to leave, and Dad tried to sway me from my decision, as any good father would. When he realized I had made up my mind, he said, “Richard, when I was 23, my dad persuaded me to go into law. And I've always regretted it. I wanted to be an archeologist, but I didn’t pursue my dream. You know what you want. Go fulfill that dream.” Sway :使动摇, 使转向; 影响;左右; 支配 Branches sway gentlyin the wind. 树枝在风中微微摇荡 sway the minds of men 动摇人心 His splendid speech swayed thousands of votes. 他美妙的演说影响了成千上万的选票。 我决定辍学。父亲很尽责，他也曾劝我 改变主意，后来发现我心意已决，就说， “理查德，我23岁那会儿，我爸爸劝我 从事法律工作。我一直引以为憾。我本 来想学考古，但我没有去追求我的梦想。 你知道自己要追求的目标。去圆你的梦 吧。” 7. As it turned out, my little publication went on to become Student, a national magazine for young people in the U.K. My wife and I have two children, and I’d like to think we are bringing them up in the same way Dad raised me. Richard Branson is chairman of the Virgin Group of Companies, which owns Virgin Atlantic Airways, Virgin Entertainment and Virgin Cola. As it turned out,…. .As it turned out, he netted $40,000 in profit as a result of the transactions. 结果他从这些交易中净赚了4万美的利润。 6.I didn't need my umbrella, as it turned out, ie because it didn't rain. 我原本就不必带伞的，果不其然（并未下雨）。 结果证明没必要担心。 As it has turned out, there was no need to worry. 我的小杂志继续办下去了，后来改名 《学生》，成为全英发行的青年杂志。 我和妻子有两个孩子，我在想，我要用 父亲抚养我的方法来培养他们。 John Lewis: Have Hope 8. As a young boy, I used to complain about having to get up so early to work on our farm in Troy, Ala. One day my father took me aside and said, “Son, we have to do this in order to make things better. Hang in there and things will improve.” 9. Dad was an optimist by nature, and he instilled in me this concept of hope about the future. He also taught us that we couldn’t just be concerned about our own circumstances. We also had to be concerned about others. Hang in Hang in there, it's gonna happen. 耐心点吧,会有一天的.(会有机会的) Hang in there! It'll soon be over! 坚持下去！这很快就会结束。 No matter how long it take, just hang in there. 不管这事花多长时间，都要坚持下去。 Hang in there old buddy; the worst is yet to come. 坚持下去，老兄，更困难的还在后头呢！ by nature: through inherent nature He is timid by nature. 他生性胆小。 她生性傲慢。 She is proud by nature. She likes overcare by nature. 她生来喜欢自寻烦恼。 instill To instill courage or life into; animate. 鼓舞注入勇气或生命；使充满活力 给小孩的心灵灌输热爱学习思想并非十分容易。 It is not very easy to instill in the minds of young children the idea that they must love study. These policies instill strong feeling of loyalty in P & G employees. 这些策略使宝洁公司员工内心逐步树立对公司强烈的 忠诚感。 They instill in you the legacy of Confucianism, especially the values of hierarchy and hard work. 他们给你灌输儒家的传统思想，特别是等级和努力工 作的价值。 be concerned about You should not be too much concerned about saving appearances. 你不该过于计较面子。 每个人都应关心自己国家的未来。 Everyone should be concerned about the future of his nation. he should be more concerned about the Party and the masses than about any private person, and more concerned about others than about himself. 关心党和群众比关心个人为重，关心他人比关心自己 为重。 约翰·路易斯：希望 小时候，我住在阿拉巴马州的特洛伊，我经 常抱怨每天要起很早去农场干活。一天，父亲 把我拉到一边说：“孩子，我们这么做，也是 为了日子好过呀。坚持一下，情况总会好起来 的。” 父亲生性乐观，对未来满怀希望，这种态度 对我有潜移默化的影响。他还教导我们说，我 们不能只顾自己，还应该关心别人。 10. I saw my father always giving and always sharing. We didn’t have that much to share or to give, but he had faith that things would work out—even under tremendously difficult conditions. There was a lot of fear back then in Alabama. Segregation was very rigid. Water fountains for us were marked “Colored,” and we could only walk on one side of the street. But somehow he survived under these circumstances without becoming bitter, angry or hateful. 11. My father passed away in 1977. But if he had lived to see my election to Congress he would have been very proud and happy. I'd like to believe that he's looking down and watching me today. John Lewis represents Georgia’s 5th District in the U.S. House of Representatives. Work out 1.to solve or find out by reasoning or calculation to work out a sum Can you work out the puzzle? 你能猜出这个谜吗？ We can work it out. 我们可以解决这个问题。 2. to devise or formulate Work out a plan. 制定计划 3.to prove satisfactory or effective did your plan work out? 4. to happen as specified Things'll work out OK. 凡事终归会好的。 Things will work themselves out. 事情自会有好结果的。 How will things work out? 事情将成什麽样子呢？ 5.to take part in physical exercise, as in training Do you often work out? 你经常锻炼身体吗？ 我看来，父亲总是在奉献，在分享。我们自己条件 也不宽裕，没有很多可供奉献或分享，但父亲坚信， 一切都会好的，即使在极其艰难的条件下也会如此。 当年阿拉巴马有许多事情令人可怕：种族隔离很厉害； 我们用的喷泉式饮水器上面标着“黑人使用”字样； 上街时我们只能走街道的一边。但他挺过了这一切， 没有怨，没有怒，没有憎。 1977年，父亲过世了。要是他还健在，能亲眼看到 我入选议会，他一定会引以为荣，满心欢喜的。我相 信，此时此刻，他就在天堂注视着我。 注：约翰·路易斯是美国参众议院中代表乔治亚州 第五选区的议员。 Summary of the Text Three successful people talk about their dads. Rebecca Lobo, a pro basketball player, says her dad showed great love within the family, especially for her mom who needed support in fighting breast cancer. Richard Branson, a business tycoon, says his dad encouraged him to always be optimistic and never speak unkindly of others. Summary of the Text When he left school to start a new magazine his dad was very supportive. John Lewis, a member of the U.S. Congress, grew up on a farm in Alabama. The family worked hard under difficult social conditions, but John's dad assured him that the situation for black people would improve. He was always hopeful and generous despite his poor circumstances. All three of these people learned a great deal from their dads. Ex.4 1. optimist 2. reconstruction 3. sway 4. principles 5. gross 6. fulfilled 7. elections 8. surgery 9. pillar 10. rigid Ex.5 1. brought out her best 2. turn out 3.works out 4. Hang in there 5. by nature Ex.6 1. hateful 2. criticizes 3.Congress 4. cancer 5. tremendously Ex.7 1. 他并不后悔说过的话，只是觉得他完全可以不用这 种方式表达。(could have done) He did not regret what he had said but felt that he could have expressed it differently. 2.我们最好等到12月14日。那时大卫已考完试，就能 和我们一起去度假了。(will have done) We’d better wait till 14 December. David will have had his exam by then, so he’ll be able to go on holiday with us. 3. 他正在做一个新项目，年底前必须完成。 (work on) He’s working on a new project which has to be finished by the end of the year. 4.他们让我们使用他们的实验室，作为回报， 我们则让他们分享研究成果。(in return) They are letting us use their lab, and in return, we are sharing with them the results of our research. 5.诸如打电话，听电话一类的事情占用了这位 秘书的大部分时间。(take up) Such things as making and answering telephone calls take up most of the secretary’s time. Ex.8 1 Despite his illness, he is a pillar of strength for our company and especially for the sales department. 2 She never feared difficulties, because she knew that no matter what, her parents’ concern and love would be there. Tom decided to drop out of school, and Mr. Wilson tried to sway him from his decision, as any responsible teacher would. 4 As it turned out, the Chinese Women’s Volleyball Team went on to win one gold medal after another, an exciting event for the whole country. 5 Hang in there and your goal will certainly be achieved.