Media File Formats History File Extension Name Media TypeFormat Year Origin and Description Audio .aiff Audio Interchange File Format Uncompressed 1988 Co-developed by Apple and Electronic Arts Interchange. Uncompresed professional .mp3 MPEG-1/2 Audio Layer 3Audio Compressed 1991 Developed by major audio corporations associated with MPEG and approved by ISO .wav WAVE Form Audio Format Audio Uncompressed 1992 Developed by Microsoft and IBM as a competitor to AIFF. Uncompressed. Introduc .ra/.rmRealAudio Audio Compressed 1995 Developed by RealNetworks for (compressed) audio streaming. The first RealAudio .aac Advanced Audio Coding Audio Compressed 1997 Collaborative project by major audio corporations, approved by MPEG in 1997. .bwav Broadcast WAVE File Audio Uncompressed 1997 Developed by Microsoft and IBM. Differs from a WAV file in that it has the metada .gif Image Graphics Interchange Format Compressed 1987 Limited 256 Color format developed by CompuServe, patented by Unisys. .tiff Tagged Image File FormatImage Container 1988 Container format for images developed by Aldus (now owned by Adobe). Frequentl .bmp Bitmap Image Compressed 1988 Created for use by IBM and Windows for OS/2 in version 1.1, which introduced a G .psd Photoshop Document Image 1990 Production/Editing Bitmap graphic editor file format. .jpg Image Joint Photographic Experts Group Compressed 1994 .png Image Portable Network Graphics 1996 Bitmapped lossless image format. Unpatented competitor to GIF (PNG stands for Compressed: Lossless .svg Scalable Vector GraphicsImage ? 1999 Open standard XLM based format that handles two-dimensional vector graphics cre .raw Raw Image File Image Uncompressed2000?As-Yet-Unprocessed image data file. RAW files are created by manufacturers and .ppt PowerPoint 2003 PresentationProduction/Editing .key Apple Keynote 2003 PresentationProduction/Editing Incorporated into Apple's iWork office suite. .odp Open Office Impress 2000?First OpenOffice program was released in 2000. Not sure if Impress was included. PresentationProduction/Editing .mpg MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 Video 1988 Motion Picture Experts Group, part of ISO/IEC. Container/Compressed .mov Apple Quicktime Video Container 1991 Multimedia container file that handles digital video, sound, text, and other media. .avi Audio Video Interleave Video Container 1992 Container file created by Microsoft. .dv Digital Video File Video Uncompressed 1994 Used for video capture. Created by Sony? .flv Flash Video Video 1996 Production/Editing FutureWave Software’s product SmartSketch was aquired by Macromedia in 1996 .mp4 MPEG-4 Video 1998 Motion Picture Experts Group. Adds 3D/Object-oriented support and DRM not avail Container/Compressed .fcp Final Cut Pro Video Uncompressed 1999 Created for use with the Final Cut Pro video editing program. Ogg .ogm/.ogg Vorbis Video Container 2003 Ogg Vorbis open source multimedia conainter format. .wmv Windows Media Video Video Compressed 2003 Designed by Microsoft to compete with RealNetworks. Usually contained within the .rm RealVideo Video Container/Compressed .omf Avid Open Media FormatVideo Uncompressed .xmf Extensible Music FormatVideo Container Open source container or wrapper file. Video .aaf Advanced Authoring Format Uncompressed Developed by Windows and Avid for video postproduction. Media File Formats History rchange. Uncompresed professional-level audio standard. ed with MPEG and approved by ISO/IEC as a standard in 1991. r to AIFF. Uncompressed. Introduced with Windows 3.1. udio streaming. The first RealAudio program was released in 1995. ns, approved by MPEG in 1997. WAV file in that it has the metadata storage capabilities. Serve, patented by Unisys. s (now owned by Adobe). Frequently used for image distribution in scanning, faxing, and word processing. n version 1.1, which introduced a GUI to the OS. competitor to GIF (PNG stands for PNGs, Not Gifs) created by the PNG development group through the World Wide Web Consortium. wo-dimensional vector graphics created by the World Wide Web Consortium. are created by manufacturers and are therefore not necessarily compatible. Not sure if Impress was included. deo, sound, text, and other media. as aquired by Macromedia in 1996 and released as Flash in 1997. Acquired by Adobe in 2005. oriented support and DRM not available in MPEG-1 and MPEG-2. ting program. works. Usually contained within the .asf container format.
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