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The 2011 Import and Export Market for Articles and Equipment for General Physical Exercise, Gymnastics, or Athletics in the United States

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On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on articles and equipment for general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics in the United States face a number of questions. Which countries are supplying articles and equipment for general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics to the United States? How important is the United States compared to others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the imports of articles and equipment for general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics vary from one country of origin to another in the United States? On the supply side, the United States also exports articles and equipment for general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics. Which countries receive the most exports from the United States? How are these exports concentrated across buyers? What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers? This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and import/export managers who are concerned with the market for articles and equipment for general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics in the United States. With the globalization of this market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after the fact. I have developed a methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for articles and equipment for general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics for those countries serving the United States via exports, or supplying from the United States via imports. It does so for the current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models. In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where the United States fits into the world market for imported and exported articles and equipment for general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics. The total level

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									  The 2011 Import and Export
    Market for Articles and
    Equipment for General
 Physical Exercise, Gymnastics,
   or Athletics in the United
             States

                                         By
                         Professor Philip M. Parker, Ph. D.
                      Chaired Professor of Management Science
                    INSEAD (Singapore & Fontainebleau, France)




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this report.




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                                                                                              iii


                                About the Author
Dr. Philip M. Parker is the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation, Business and Society at
INSEAD where he has taught courses on multivariate statistics and global competitive strategy
since 1988. He has also taught courses at MIT, Stanford University, Harvard University, UCLA,
UCSD, and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology. He is the author of six books
on the economic convergence of nations. These books introduce the notion of “physioeconomics”
which foresees a lack of global convergence in economic behaviors due to physiological and
physiographic forces. His latest book is "Physioeconomics: The Basis for Long-Run Economic
Growth" (MIT Press 2000). He has also published numerous articles in academic journals,
including The Rand Journal of Economics, Marketing Science, the Journal of International
Business Studies, Technological Forecasting and Social Change, International Journal of
Forecasting, the European Management Journal, the European Journal of Operational
Research, Journal of Marketing, International Journal of Research in Marketing, and Journal of
Marketing Research. He is also on the editorial boards of several academic journals.

Dr. Parker received his Ph.D. in Business Economics from the Wharton School of the University
of Pennsylvania and has Masters degrees in Finance and Banking (University of Aix-Marseille)
and Managerial Economics (Wharton). His undergraduate degrees are in mathematics, biology
and economics (minor in aeronautical engineering). He has consulted and/or taught courses in
Africa, the Middle East, Asia, Latin America, North America and Europe.



                                 About this Series
This series was created for international firms who rely on foreign export markets for a
substantial portion of their business or who might be threatened by foreign trade competition.
The estimates given in this report were created using a methodology developed by and under the
direct supervision of Professor Philip M. Parker, the Eli Lilly Chaired Professor of Innovation,
Business and Society, at INSEAD. The methodology, relying on historical figures of economic
growth and trade flows, estimates the market shares of some 150 countries for over 500 industrial
or product categories. The figures should be seen as market estimates, as opposed to historical
records, as these are projected for the current year of trade.



                               Acknowledgements
Some of the methodologies and research approaches used in this report have benefited from the
R&D Committee at INSEAD, whose research support is gratefully acknowledged. Additional
editorial assistance from Tiffany LaRochelle, ICON Group International, Inc., is also
acknowledged.



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                                                                                                   iv


                           About ICON Group Ltd.
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                                                        Contents        v


Table of Contents
1     INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY                                  8
2     THE UNITED STATES AND THE WORLD MARKET                       10
    2.1    Imports in the United States in 2011                    10
    2.2    Exports from the United States in 2011                  11
3     IMPORTS IN THE UNITED STATES                                 12
    3.1      Asia                                                  12
       3.1.1    China                                              12
       3.1.2    Hong Kong                                          13
       3.1.3    India                                              14
       3.1.4    Indonesia                                          15
       3.1.5    Japan                                              16
       3.1.6    Malaysia                                           17
       3.1.7    Philippines                                        18
       3.1.8    Singapore                                          18
       3.1.9    South Korea                                        19
       3.1.10 Sri Lanka                                            20
       3.1.11 Taiwan                                               21
       3.1.12 Thailand                                             22
       3.1.13 Vietnam                                              23
    3.2      Europe                                                24
       3.2.1    Belgium                                            24
       3.2.2    Czech Republic                                     25
       3.2.3    Denmark                                            26
       3.2.4    Finland                                            27
       3.2.5    Germany                                            28
       3.2.6    Hungary                                            29
       3.2.7    Ireland                                            30
       3.2.8    Italy                                              31
       3.2.9    Norway                                             32
       3.2.10 Poland                                               33
       3.2.11 Russia                                               34
       3.2.12 Slovakia                                             34
       3.2.13 Spain                                                35
       3.2.14 Sweden                                               36
       3.2.15 the Netherlands                                      37
    3.3      Latin America                                         38
       3.3.1    Argentina                                          38
       3.3.2    Brazil                                             38
       3.3.3    Mexico                                             39
    3.4      North America & the Caribbean                         40
       3.4.1    Canada                                             40
       3.4.2    Dominican Republic                                 41
    3.5      Oceana                                                41
       3.5.1    Australia                                          41
       3.5.2    New Zealand                                        42
    3.6      the Middle East                                       42
       3.6.1    Israel                                             42
       3.6.2    Pakistan                                           43
       3.6.3    Turkey                                             44


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                                           Contents        vi

4     EXPORTS FROM THE UNITED STATES                  45
    4.1      Africa                                   45
       4.1.1   Egypt                                  45
       4.1.2   Ethiopia                               45
       4.1.3   Kenya                                  46
       4.1.4   South Africa                           47
       4.1.5   Tunisia                                48
    4.2      Asia                                     49
       4.2.1   China                                  49
       4.2.2   Hong Kong                              50
       4.2.3   Indonesia                              51
       4.2.4   Japan                                  52
       4.2.5   Malaysia                               53
       4.2.6   Maldives                               54
       4.2.7   Singapore                              55
       4.2.8   South Korea                            56
       4.2.9   Thailand                               57
    4.3      Europe                                   58
       4.3.1   Austria                                58
       4.3.2   Belarus                                59
       4.3.3   Belgium                                60
       4.3.4   Croatia                                61
       4.3.5   Cyprus                                 62
       4.3.6   Czech Republic                         63
       4.3.7   Denmark                                64
       4.3.8   Estonia                                65
       4.3.9   Finland                                66
       4.3.10 France                                  67
       4.3.11 Germany                                 68
       4.3.12 Greece                                  69
       4.3.13 Iceland                                 70
       4.3.14 Ireland                                 71
       4.3.15 Italy                                   72
       4.3.16 Latvia                                  73
       4.3.17 Lithuania                               74
       4.3.18 Macedonia                               74
       4.3.19 Malta                                   75
       4.3.20 Moldova                                 75
       4.3.21 Norway                                  76
       4.3.22 Romania                                 77
       4.3.23 Russia                                  78
       4.3.24 Slovakia                                79
       4.3.25 Slovenia                                80
       4.3.26 Sweden                                  81
       4.3.27 the Netherlands                         82
    4.4      Latin America                            83
       4.4.1   Argentina                              83
       4.4.2   Belize                                 83
       4.4.3   Bolivia                                84
       4.4.4   Brazil                                 84
       4.4.5   Colombia                               85
       4.4.6   Ecuador                                85
       4.4.7   El Salvador                            86

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                                                           Contents         vii

       4.4.8    Guatemala                                              86
       4.4.9    Honduras                                               87
       4.4.10 Mexico                                                   88
       4.4.11 Panama                                                   89
       4.4.12 Peru                                                     89
       4.4.13 Uruguay                                                  90
    4.5      North America & the Caribbean                             90
       4.5.1    Barbados                                               90
       4.5.2    Canada                                                 91
       4.5.3    Dominica                                               92
       4.5.4    Jamaica                                                92
       4.5.5    St. Lucia                                              92
       4.5.6    the Bahamas                                            93
    4.6      Oceana                                                    94
       4.6.1    Australia                                              94
       4.6.2    Fiji                                                   95
       4.6.3    New Caledonia                                          95
       4.6.4    New Zealand                                            96
    4.7      the Middle East                                           97
       4.7.1    Bahrain                                                97
       4.7.2    Israel                                                 98
       4.7.3    Jordan                                                 98
       4.7.4    Pakistan                                               99
       4.7.5    Saudi Arabia                                          100
       4.7.6    Turkey                                                101
5     DISCLAIMERS, WARRANTEES, AND USER AGREEMENT PROVISIONS 102
    5.1    Disclaimers & Safe Harbor                                  102
    5.2    ICON Group Ltd. User Agreement Provisions                  103




www.icongrouponline.com                                ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
Articles and Equipment for General Physical Exercise, Gymnastics, or Athletics in the United States    8


1       INTRODUCTION AND METHODOLOGY
On the demand side, exporters and strategic planners focusing on articles and equipment for
general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics in the United States face a number of
questions. Which countries are supplying articles and equipment for general physical exercise,
gymnastics, or athletics to the United States? How important is the United States compared to
others in terms of the entire global and regional market? How much do the imports of articles
and equipment for general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics vary from one country of
origin to another in the United States? On the supply side, the United States also exports articles
and equipment for general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics. Which countries receive
the most exports from the United States? How are these exports concentrated across buyers?
What is the value of these exports and which countries are the largest buyers?

This report was created for strategic planners, international marketing executives and
import/export managers who are concerned with the market for articles and equipment for general
physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics in the United States. With the globalization of this
market, managers can no longer be contented with a local view. Nor can managers be contented
with out-of-date statistics which appear several years after the fact. I have developed a
methodology, based on macroeconomic and trade models, to estimate the market for articles and
equipment for general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics for those countries serving the
United States via exports, or supplying from the United States via imports. It does so for the
current year based on a variety of key historical indicators and econometric models.

In what follows, Chapter 2 begins by summarizing where the United States fits into the world
market for imported and exported articles and equipment for general physical exercise,
gymnastics, or athletics. The total level of imports and exports on a worldwide basis, and those
for the United States in particular, is estimated using a model which aggregates across over 150
key country markets and projects these to the current year. From there, each country represents a
percent of the world market. This market is served from a number of competitive countries of
origin. Based on both demand- and supply-side dynamics, market shares by country of origin are
then calculated across each country market destination. These shares lead to a volume of import
and export values for each country and are aggregated to regional and world totals. In doing so,
we are able to obtain maximum likelihood estimates of both the value of each market and the
share that the United States is likely to receive this year. From these figures, rankings are
calculated to allow managers to prioritize the United States compared to other major country
markets. In this way, all the figures provided in this report are forecasts that can be combined
with internal information sources for strategic planning purposes.

After the worldwide summary in Chapter 2 of both imports and exports of articles and equipment
for general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics, Chapter 3 goes into detail on imports, but
for each major country of origin serving the United States. A “major” market is defined as a
country where the United States represents a substantially large share of either imports or exports.
For each major country exporting to the United States, one can thus observe how important the


www.icongrouponline.com                                                             ©2011 ICON Group Ltd.
Articles and Equipment for General Physical Exercise, Gymnastics, or Athletics in the United States    9

United States is to that exporting country compared to other countries of the world. Chapter 4
does the same, but for exports of articles and equipment for general physical exercise,
gymnastics, or athletics originating from the United States, for each major country of destination.
In doing so, one can discover the share that the United States has in each major market; this share
value is often used as a measure of competitiveness for the United States. In all cases, the total
dollar volume and percentage share values by major trading partner are provided. Combined,
Chapters 3 and 4 present a the total picture for imports and exports of articles and equipment for
general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics to and from the United States to and from all
other major countries in the world. "Articles and Equipment for General Physical Exercise,
Gymnastics, or Athletics" as a category is defined in this report following the definition given by
the United Nations Statistics Division Classification Registry using the Standard International
Trade Classification, Revision 3 (SITC, Rev. 3). The SITC code that defined "articles and
equipment for general physical exercise, gymnastics, or athletics" is 89478 . For more
information on this definition, please refer to the following web site:
http://unstats.un.org/unsd/cr/registry/regcs.asp?Cl=14&Lg=1&Co=894 .

This report is updated on an annual basis. To ensure that you have the most current version,
please check the web site of ICON Group at www.icongrouponline.com.

Important Caveat. The figures
								
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