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Figurative Language

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					Figurative Language


Similes and Metaphors
By Mr. Gonzalez
Figurative Language
 is the use of words or
 phrases to express
 something different than
 their usual meanings.
 Writers use figurative
 language to say things in
 vivid and imaginative
 ways, but what they say is
 not really true. Similes
 and metaphors are
 examples of figurative
 language.
Figurative Language
• A writer’s tool
• It helps the reader
  to visualize (see)
  what the writer is
  thinking
• It puts a picture in
  the reader’s mind
Simile
         • A simile is used to
           compare two things.
         • It uses the words
           “like” or “as” to
           make comparisons.
Simile
         • Krissy is as pretty
           as a picture.
         • Her hair shines
           like the sun.
         • Her eyes sparkle
           like the stars in
           the sky.
   Simile
• When my brother
  returned from the trip,
  he slept like a log.

• The man was hired
  because he is as
  strong as a bull.

• Mary’s feet smell like
  rotten fish.
  Other Examples of Similes
• When the food was served, people went
  to the tables like a swarm of butterflies.
• That classroom is like a zoo today.
• His face is as ugly as an old running shoe.
• His feet move slowly at first, while his tap
  shoes make soft, slippery sounds like rain
  on a tin roof...(He) does a new step that
  sounds like a woodpecker tapping on a
  tree.
    More Similes
•   "Be careful using that can opener.
    It's as temperamental as a chain
    saw."

•   Barb frowned and said, “I believe
    that taking drugs is like flushing
    your brain down the toilet."

•   "Sheila really hurt me. Her
    comments were like a clamp
    tightening on my heart."

•   "Monica and Peter sure are close.
    She has a grip on him like a
    monkey wrench!"
Metaphor
           • A metaphor is used to
             compare two things
             based on
             resemblance and
             similarity.
           • Instead of saying
             something is “like” or
             “as” --- a metaphor
             states that it just IS.
Metaphor
• Ginger is an
  angel.
Metaphors
•   John’s mind is a computer.
•   My mom is a workhorse.
•   Bob is a snake in the grass.
•   My dorm is a prison.
•   Cindy was such a mule. We couldn’t
    get her to change her mind.
Other examples of Metaphors
• He showered her with gifts.
• The event was clouded over by protests
• You are the sunshine of my life.
• This homework is a breeze.
• His face was weathered by a long, troubled life.
• She knew she was fried when the teacher handed
  back her paper
• The lawyer grilled the witness on the stand.
 Why do we use Similes and
 Metaphors?
• They enliven ordinary language.
• They encourage interpretation.
• They are more efficient and economical
  than ordinary language.
• They create new meanings; they allow you
  to write about feelings, thoughts, things,
  experiences, etc. for which there are no
  easy words; they are necessary.
Similes and Metaphors
in your Essays.
-Writers use similes and metaphors
to bring life and richness to what
they have to say.

-Writers use similes to explain
things, to express emotion, to
elaborate (show) their ideas and to
make their writing more vivid and
entertaining.