Figurative Language Similes and Metaphors By Mr. Gonzalez Figurative Language is the use of words or phrases to express something different than their usual meanings. Writers use figurative language to say things in vivid and imaginative ways, but what they say is not really true. Similes and metaphors are examples of figurative language. Figurative Language • A writer’s tool • It helps the reader to visualize (see) what the writer is thinking • It puts a picture in the reader’s mind Simile • A simile is used to compare two things. • It uses the words “like” or “as” to make comparisons. Simile • Krissy is as pretty as a picture. • Her hair shines like the sun. • Her eyes sparkle like the stars in the sky. Simile • When my brother returned from the trip, he slept like a log. • The man was hired because he is as strong as a bull. • Mary’s feet smell like rotten fish. Other Examples of Similes • When the food was served, people went to the tables like a swarm of butterflies. • That classroom is like a zoo today. • His face is as ugly as an old running shoe. • His feet move slowly at first, while his tap shoes make soft, slippery sounds like rain on a tin roof...(He) does a new step that sounds like a woodpecker tapping on a tree. More Similes • "Be careful using that can opener. It's as temperamental as a chain saw." • Barb frowned and said, “I believe that taking drugs is like flushing your brain down the toilet." • "Sheila really hurt me. Her comments were like a clamp tightening on my heart." • "Monica and Peter sure are close. She has a grip on him like a monkey wrench!" Metaphor • A metaphor is used to compare two things based on resemblance and similarity. • Instead of saying something is “like” or “as” --- a metaphor states that it just IS. Metaphor • Ginger is an angel. Metaphors • John’s mind is a computer. • My mom is a workhorse. • Bob is a snake in the grass. • My dorm is a prison. • Cindy was such a mule. We couldn’t get her to change her mind. Other examples of Metaphors • He showered her with gifts. • The event was clouded over by protests • You are the sunshine of my life. • This homework is a breeze. • His face was weathered by a long, troubled life. • She knew she was fried when the teacher handed back her paper • The lawyer grilled the witness on the stand. Why do we use Similes and Metaphors? • They enliven ordinary language. • They encourage interpretation. • They are more efficient and economical than ordinary language. • They create new meanings; they allow you to write about feelings, thoughts, things, experiences, etc. for which there are no easy words; they are necessary. Similes and Metaphors in your Essays. -Writers use similes and metaphors to bring life and richness to what they have to say. -Writers use similes to explain things, to express emotion, to elaborate (show) their ideas and to make their writing more vivid and entertaining.