Forestry Facts _ Figures201132845030 by gyvwpsjkko

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									The South African Forestry and
Forest Products Industry 2009



       Produced By Roger Godsmark
    Forestry South Africa, September 2010
         Presentation Outline

Introduction
The importance of the Forestry Industry
The importance of the Forest Products Industry
Industry Contribution to Employment
Investment
Industry Contribution to GDP
Industry Contribution to Foreign Trade
  Section 1
Introduction
 Land Use in South Africa




                                  1 274 869 ha




Total RSA land area – 122.3 million ha
        Land Use in Mpumalanga




                                           519 817 ha




Total Mpum. land area – 8.2 million ha (6.7% of total)
      Land Use in KwaZulu Natal




                                          504 393 ha




Total KZN land area – 9.1 million ha (7.5% of total)
       Land Use in the Eastern Cape




                                             141 819 ha




Total E. Cape land area – 17.1 million ha (13.9% of total)
       Land Use in the Western Cape




                                             59 171 ha




Total W. Cape land area – 12.9 million ha (10.6% of total)
             Land Use in Limpopo




                                             49 668 ha




Total Limpopo land area – 12.0 million ha (9.8% of total).
Plantation Area as % of Land Area by
              Province




Forestry in Mpumalanga greatest % of land area
   Land Use Comparisons
     1999, 2004 & 2009




Drop in Forestry Area – 127 000 ha (9.1%)
Plantation Area Comparisons
            2009
     Section 2
The Forestry Industry
Plantation Area by Species 2009




       Total – 1 274 869 ha
Plantation Area by Ownership 2009




         Total – 1 274 869 ha
Plantation Area by Province 2009




        Total – 1 274 869 ha
Plantation Area by Province and Genera 2009




          Total – 650 024 ha (softwood)
          Total – 624 845 ha (hardwood)
Planted Area Comparisons
by Region & Species 2009
Pine Plantation Area by Region 2009




    Total – 650 024 ha (51.0% of total)
Eucalyptus Plantation Area by Region 2009




       Total – 515 324 ha (40.4% of total)
Wattle Plantation Area by Region 2009




     Total – 104 055 ha (8.2% of total)
Other Hardwood Plantation Area
        by Region 2009




   Total – 5 467 ha (0.4% of total)
Plantation Area by Management
        Objectives 2009




       Total – 1 274 869 ha
Softwood Plantation Area by
Management Objectives 2009




      Total – 650 024 ha
Hardwood Plantation Area by
Management Objectives 2009




      Total – 624 845 ha
Plantation Area by Province and Ownership
                   2009




                             Leased Safcol
                          packages included in
                               “Private”
                            KLF included in
                               “Public”




        Total Private – 1 058 908 ha (83.1%)
         Total Public – 215 961 ha (16.9%)
Percentage Plantation Ownership
       by Province 2009




   Total Private – 1 058 908 ha (83.1%)
    Total Public – 215 961 ha (16.9%)
Plantation Area by Species and Ownership
                   2009




       Total Private – 1 058 908 ha (83.1%)
        Total Public – 215 961 ha (16.9%)
Percentage Plantation Ownership
        by Species 2009




   Total Private – 1 058 908 ha (83.1%)
    Total Public – 215 961 ha (16.9%)
Planted Area Comparisons
by Region & Product 2009
Roundwood Production
   by Product 2009




 Total – 7.7 million m3 (softwood)
Total – 11.2 million m3 (hardwood)
   Roundwood Production
by Province and Genera 2009




   Total – 7.7 million m3 (softwood)
  Total – 11.2 million m3 (hardwood)
   Roundwood Production
by Province and Genera 2009


                                  9.537


                       6.671


           1.727


   0.584


   0.368




   Total – 7.7 million m3 (softwood)
  Total – 11.2 million m3 (hardwood)
Roundwood Production ex Plantations
    by Province & Product 2009




 Total – 18.9 million m3 or 16.2 million tons
Roundwood Production ex Plantations
    by Province & Product 2009




 Total – 18.9 million m3 or 16.2 million tons
Total Roundwood Production ex
 Plantations by Province 2009




Total – 18.9 million m3 or 16.2 million tons
Total Roundwood Production ex
  Plantations by Product 2009




Total – 18.9 million m3 or 16.2 million tons
Softwood Roundwood Production ex
    Plantations by Product 2009




  Total – 7.7 million m3 or 7.9 million tons
Hardwood Roundwood Production ex
    Plantations by Product 2009




  Total – 11.2 million m3 or 8.3 million tons
Total Roundwood Production ex
  Plantations by Species 2009




Total – 18.9 million m3 or 16.2 million tons
Composition of Roundwood Production
          by Product 2009
  Total Plantation Area 1980 to 2009




Total increase in afforested area over period   : 113 463 ha
Total % increase in afforested area over period : 9.8%
    Total Roundwood Production ex
        Plantations 1980 to 2009




Total increase in production over period           : 59.0%
Total in increase in afforested area over period   : 9.8%
Roundwood Production vs. Plantation
       Area 1980 to 2009




Total increase in production over period           : 59.0%
Total in increase in afforested area over period   : 9.8%
        Average Productivity per Hectare
                  1980 - 2009




Total increase in productivity over period – 4.6 m3 per ha p.a. (45%)
Production Comparisons
   1999, 2004 & 2009
Value of Roundwood Production 2009




          Total – R6.7 billion
Value of Roundwood Production
 ex Plantations by Product 2009




       Total – R6 705 million
Value of Roundwood Production
ex Plantations by Province 2009




       Total – R6 705 million
     Value of Roundwood Production
ex Plantations by Province & Product 2009




            Total – R6 705 million
     Value of Roundwood Production
ex Plantations by Province & Product 2009




            Total – R6 705 million
   Value of Roundwood Production
             1980 to 2009




Nominal increase over period   : R6.5 bn (3 971%)
Real increase over period      : R4.0 bn (148%)
      New Afforestation by Region
             1980 to 2009




                                         AVERAGE




New afforestation over period   - 382 619 ha
Average per year                - 12 754 ha
Total New Afforestation by Region
          1980 to 2009




         Total – 382 619 ha
Total New Afforestation by Region
   10 Yr Period - 2000 to 2009




          Total – 42 336 ha
      New Afforestation by Region
      10 Year Period – 2000 to 2009



                                        AVERAGE




New afforestation over period   - 39 614 ha
Average per year                - 3 961 ha
New Afforestation by Province 2009




          Total – 2 169 ha
  New Afforestation by Species
          1980 to 2009




Average p.a. 1980 to 1985   - 10 974 ha (17.2% of total)
Average p.a. 1986 to 1990   - 24 558 ha (32.1% of total)
Average p.a. 1991 to 1995   - 24 406 ha (31.9% of total)
Total New Afforestation by Species
           1980 to 2009




          Total – 382 619 ha
New Afforestation by Species 2009




          Total – 2 169 ha
  New Afforestation by Product
          1980 to 2009




Average p.a. 1996 to 2000   - 7 019 ha (9.2% of total)
Average p.a. 2001 to 2005   - 5 044 ha (6.6% of total)
Average p.a. 2006 to 2009   - 2 910 ha (3.0% of total)
Total New Afforestation by Product
           1980 to 2009




          Total – 382 619 ha
New Afforestation by Product 2009




          Total – 2 169 ha
  Area Converted Out of Timber
Production by Species 1980 to 2009




   Area converted over period   - 89 390 ha
   Average p.a.                 - 2 980 ha
Total Area Converted out of Timber
Production by Species 1980 to 2009




          Total – 89 390 ha
Total Area Converted out of Timber
   Production by Species 2009




          Total – 3 554 ha
Net New Afforestation by Species
         1980 to 2009




  Net new afforestation over period   - 293 229 ha
  Average p.a.                        - 9 774 ha
Net New Afforestation by Species
         1980 to 2009




         Total – 293 229 ha
Net New Afforestation by Species 2009




 Total net new afforestation - Minus 1 385 ha
  Area Converted Out of Timber
Production by Region 1980 to 2009




   Area converted over period   - 89 390 ha
   Average p.a.                 - 2 980 ha
Total Area Converted out of Timber
Production by Region 1980 to 2009




          Total – 89 390 ha
   Net New Afforestation by Region
            1980 to 2009




Net new afforestation over period   - 293 229 ha
Average p.a.                        - 9 774 ha
Net New Afforestation by Region
         1980 to 2009




        Total – 293 229 ha
Conversion of Plantations out of Production & to
         Other Species 1980 to 2009




      Net loss to production area over period   - 89 390 ha
      Average p.a.                              - 2 980 ha
Total Area Converted out of Production & to
        Other Species 1980 to 2009




   Net loss to production area over period   - 89 390 ha
   Average p.a.                              - 2 980 ha
     Area Converted out of Production
         & to Other Species 2009




Net loss to production area    - 3 554 ha
Net Addition to Planted Area by Species
              1980 to 2009




Total net addition to production area   - 293 229 ha
Average p.a.                            - 9 774 ha
Total Net Addition to Planted Area by Species
                 1980 to 2009




 Total net addition to production area   - 293 229 ha
 Average p.a.                            - 9 774 ha
Net Addition (Loss) to Planted Area by Species
                     2009




 Total net gain in production area   Minus 1 385 ha
   Damage to Plantations by Genera
            1980 to 2009




Total area damaged over period   - 930 573 ha
Average p.a.                     - 31 019 ha
     Damage to Plantations by Fires
             1980 to 2009




Total area damaged over period     - 930 573 ha
Total area damaged by fire         - 548 568 ha (59%)
Total area damaged by other causes - 382 005 ha (41%)
Damage to Plantations by Fires
        1980 to 2009
Damage to Plantations by Genera 2009




   Total – 22 808 ha   (1.8% of total planted area)
Damage to Plantations by Cause 2009




           Total – 22 808 ha
Damage to Plantations by Fire 2009




          Total – 19 805 ha
    FSC Certified Forests
by Forest Type: August 2009




   Certified Area – 1 572 568 ha
(incl. planted & non-planted areas)
   FSC Certified Forests
by Ownership: August 2009




   Certified Area – 1 572 568 ha
(incl. planted & non-planted areas)
         Section 3
The Forest Products Industry
Number of Processing Plants by Type 2009




         Total number of plants: 192
Intake of Roundwood into Processing Plants
               1980 to 2009




   Total increase in intake over period   - 7.4 million m3 (67%)
   Biggest increase that of pulpwood      - 8.7 million m3 (206%)
Intake of Roundwood into Processing Plants
                  2009




            Total – 18.5 million m3
Roundwood Intake into Processing
Plants by Province & Product 2009




       Total – 18.5 million m3
Roundwood Intake into Processing
Plants by Province & Product 2009




       Total – 18.5 million m3
     Average Size of Plant by Intake
             1980 vs. 2009




Overall average intake has increased by:               - 109%
Average intake of PP & Board Mills has increased by:   - 130%
Only average intake of MT Mills has declined – by      - 35%
Sales of Certain Products from Processing
           Plants 1980 to 2009




  Biggest increase that of chips      - 3.5 million tons (652%)
  Only decrease that of mining timber - 1.2 million tons (-72%)
Value of Sales from Primary Processing Plants
                     2009




              Total – R20.4 billion
Value of Sales from Primary Processing Plants
                     2009




              Total – R20.4 billion
Value of Sales from Primary Processing Plants
                     2009




              Total – R20.4 billion
Value of Sales from Primary Processing
          Plants 1980 to 2009




 Nominal increase over period   - R19.7 bn (2 823%)
 Real increase over period      - R8.9 bn (78%)
Value of Roundwood Sales from Processing
     Plants by Product & Province 2009




            Total – R20.4 billion
Value of Roundwood Sales from Processing
     Plants by Product & Province 2009




            Total – R20.4 billion
Gross Value of Output Comparisons
        1999, 2004 & 2009
 Gross Value of Output Comparisons
per Planted Hectare 1999, 2004 & 2009
Value Addition in Primary Processing
            Industry 2009




Note : excludes secondary processing (e.g. paper manufacturing)
Value Addition Comparisons in Primary
       Processing Industry 2009




 Note : Based only on input value of raw fibre (i.e. excludes all other input costs)
         Section 4
Contribution to Employment
   Forest Sector Employment – RSA 2009
Sub-sector       No. of employees        Total
                                       Employment
                 Direct    Indirect
Forestry          66,500     30,000         96,500
Pulp and Paper    13,200     10,800         24,000
Sawmilling        20,000     10,000         30,000
Timber Board       6,000         n/a         6,000
Mining Timber      2,200         n/a         2,200
Other             11,000         n/a        11,000
Total            118,900     50,800        169,700
Direct Employment in Forestry Industry
          by Province 2009




             Total – 66 500
Direct Employment in Forestry Industry
           by Region 2009




  Total estimated direct jobs in Industry – 66 500
Direct Employment in Forestry Industry as
       % of Those Employed in 2009




      Total employed in RSA – 13.4 million
       Indirect Employment in Forestry
          Industry by Province 2009




Total estimated indirect jobs created by Industry – 371 000
Indirect Employment in Forestry Industry
     as % of Those Employed in 2009




    Total employed in Mpumalanga – 897 000
Direct & Indirect Jobs in Forestry
    Industry by Province 2009




     Estimated total – 437 400 jobs
Total Employment in Industry as % of Those
      Employed in Formal Sector 2009




     Total employed in Mpumalanga – 897 000
Dependents of Those Working in
Forestry Industry by Region 2009




       53 000




 Estimated total – 1.4 million dependents
Total Number of People Dependent on
  Forestry Industry by Region 2009




   Estimated total – 1.8 million livelihoods
Estimated % of Population Dependent
     on Forestry Industry 2009
     Section 5
Investment in Sector
Investment in RSA Forestry Industry 2009




      Total Investment - R24.8 Billion
Investment in RSA Forestry Industry 2009




      Total Investment - R24.8 Billion
Investment in RSA Forestry Industry 2009




      Total Investment - R24.8 Billion
Investment in Plantations – By Province
                 2009




Mpumalanga has highest investment - 42% of total
Investment in Mpumalanga Forestry 2009




      Total Investment - R10.3 Billion
Investment in KZN Forestry 2009




   Total Investment - R9.1 Billion
Investment in E. Cape Forestry 2009




    Total Investment - R2.9 Billion
Investment in W. Cape Forestry 2009




    Total Investment - R1.3 Billion
Investment in Limpopo Forestry 2009




     Total Investment - R1.1 Billion
 Investment in Forest Products Sector
   by Type of Processing Plant 2009




Total Book Value of Investments - R15.7 Billion
 Investment in Forest Products Sector
     by Investment Category 2009




Total Book Value of Investments - R15.7 Billion
     Section 6
Contribution to GDP
      Composition of RSA GDP
               2009




Total GDP – R2 284 Billion (i.e. R2.3 Trillion)
  Contribution to GDP 1980 to 2009




Increase in Forestry GDP over period from 4.5% to 9.7%
Decrease in For. Prod. GDP over period from 6.3% to 6.1%
Forestry vs. Other Agricultural GGP per
              Region 2009




 Forestry in Mpumalanga of major importance
Forest Products vs. Other Manufacturing
         GGP per Region 2009
  Gross Value of Output
by Sector & Province 2009
  Gross Value of Output
by Sector & Province 2009
Forest Industry Contribution to Total
       GGP per Region - 2009
Forest Industry Contribution to Total
       GGP per Region - 2009
          Section 7
Contribution to Foreign Trade
Imports vs. Exports of Forest Products
                2009




 Positive trade balance in 2009 = R2.91 billion
Forest Product Exports
         2009




   Total – R12.5 billion
Forest Product Imports
         2009




   Total – R9.6 billion
Trade Balance in Forest Products
     1992 to 2009 (nominal)




  Increase in imports         - R8.1 billion (574%)
  Increase in exports         - R10.1 billion (432%)
  Increase in trade balance   - R2.0 billion (214%)
Trade Balance in Forest Products
       1992 to 2009 (real)




  Increase in imports         - R5.2 billion (119%)
  Increase in exports         - R5.3 billion (73%)
  Increase in trade balance   - R0.1 billion (2%)
Export Comparisons
 1999, 2004 & 2009
                                   3.2%



      85.1%




   Total – 11.2 million m3 or 8.3 million tons
 Total Roundwood Production ex
   Plantations by Species 2009
   Pine      Eucalyptus   Wattle      Other


     53.5%
                                   5.6%
                                      0.1%




                              40.8%

Total – 18.9 million m3 or 16.2 million tons
Composition of Roundwood Production
          by Product 2009
                    Softwood     Hardwood
100%
 90%
 80%
 70%
 60%
 50%
         95%
 40%
 30%
 20%
 10%
                   26%
                                16%         12%    0.0%
 0%
       Sawlogs   Pulpwood      Other    Poles     Mining
                                                  Timber
                            Product
       Total Plantation Area 1980 to 2009

           1 550 000

           1 500 000

           1 450 000

           1 400 000
Hectares




           1 350 000

           1 300 000

           1 250 000

           1 200 000

           1 150 000

           1 100 000
                       1980   1984   1988   1992   1996   2000   2004   2008

                                              Years
Total increase in afforested area over period   : 113 463 ha
Total % increase in afforested area over period : 9.8%
            Total Roundwood Production ex
                Plantations 1980 to 2009
            24

            22

            20
3
Million m




            18

            16

            14

            12

            10
                 1980   1984   1988   1992   1996   2000   2004   2008

                                         Years
Total increase in production over period                          : 59.0%
Total in increase in afforested area over period                  : 9.8%
Roundwood Production vs. Plantation
       Area 1980 to 2009
                       Plantation Production           Plantation Area
              200
              190
              180
              170
              160
 1980 = 100




              150
              140
              130
              120
              110
              100
              90
                    1980   1984   1988   1992   1996     2000   2004   2008

                                            Years
Total increase in production over period                               : 59.0%
Total in increase in afforested area over period                       : 9.8%
                 Average Productivity per Hectare
                           1980 - 2009
                       18
                       17
                       16
      m3 per hectare




                       15
                       14
                       13
                       12
                       11
                       10
                       9
                       8
                            1980   1984   1988   1992   1996   2000   2004   2008

                                                   Years
Total increase in productivity over period – 4.6 m3 per ha p.a. (45%)
               Production Comparisons
                  1999, 2004 & 2009
                         1999    2004           2009

                                                                          20.986
  Sugar                                                                 20.419
                                                                                22.930

                                                          16.210
Forestry                                                      17.410
                                                           16.500

                                                12.570
  Maize                                 9.737
                                7.946

                 1.960
 Wheat          1.687
                1.733

           0             5          10               15            20              25
                                    Million tons
Value of Roundwood Production 2009
   Pulpwood    Mining Timber   Other    Sawlogs


      26.6%




   4.0%
   2.1%
                                       67.3%



              Total – R6.7 billion
      Value of Roundwood Production
       ex Plantations by Product 2009

   Pulpwood                                          4.514




     Sawlogs                     1.782




       Other         0.266




Mining Timber       0.143



                0            1    2         3    4           5
                                 Billion Rands

                       Total – R6 705 million
      Value of Roundwood Production
      ex Plantations by Province 2009

        KZN                                                          3 343



Mupumlanga                                           2 370



Eastern Cape               646



    Limpopo        200



Western Cape       146


               0     500    1 000   1 500   2 000   2 500    3 000   3 500   4 000
                                    Million Rands

                         Total – R6 705 million
      Value of Roundwood Production
 ex Plantations by Province & Product 2009
                                Other     Sawlogs     Pulpwood


                                                                            3 031
        KZN             241
                   71

                                              1 355
 Mupumlanga                         837
                    178

                   123
Eastern Cape                  442
                   80

               4
    Limpopo         125
                   71

               1
Western Cape        138
               8

               0          500       1 000    1 500     2 000     2 500   3 000      3 500
                                            Million Rands

                                Total – R6 705 million
      Value of Roundwood Production
 ex Plantations by Province & Product 2009
                           Pulpwood    Sawlogs      Other


        KZN                                                               3 343


 Mupumlanga                                           2 370


Eastern Cape               646


    Limpopo         200


Western Cape       146


               0     500    1 000   1 500   2 000   2 500     3 000   3 500   4 000
                                      Million Rands

                           Total – R6 705 million
                                     Value of Roundwood Production
                                               1980 to 2009
                                                          Nominal     Real
                               7.0
Billion Rand (2008/09 Rands)




                               6.0

                               5.0

                               4.0

                               3.0

                               2.0

                               1.0

                               0.0
                                     1980   1984   1988     1992    1996      2000   2004       2008

                                                               Years
                          Nominal increase over period                     : R6.5 bn (3 971%)
                          Real increase over period                        : R4.0 bn (148%)
                         New Afforestation by Region
                                1980 to 2009
                            Mpum & Limp.    KZN      Cape         Total
                    50
                    45
Thousand Hectares




                    40
                    35
                    30                                      AVERAGE
                    25
                    20
                    15
                    10
                    5
                    0
                      80

                      82

                      84

                      86

                      88

                      90

                      92

                      94

                      96

                      98

                      00

                      02

                      04

                      06

                      08
                    19

                    19

                    19

                    19

                    19

                    19

                    19

                    19

                    19

                    19

                    20

                    20

                    20

                    20

                    20
                                           Years
New afforestation over period                      - 382 619 ha
Average per year                                   - 12 754 ha
Total New Afforestation by Region
          1980 to 2009
  KZN    Mpumalanga & Limpopo   E&W Cape
          12.1%




                                  54.3%
 33.6%




           Total – 382 619 ha
Total New Afforestation by Region
   10 Yr Period - 2000 to 2009
  KZN     Mpumalanga & Limpopo   E&W Cape
                4.3%




  30.6%




                                  65.1%




             Total – 42 336 ha
                        New Afforestation by Region
                        10 Year Period – 2000 to 2009
                               Northern             KZN           Cape           Total
                    8

                    7
Thousand Hectares




                    6                                                       AVERAGE


                    5

                    4

                    3

                    2

                    1

                    0
                        2000   2001   2002   2003   2004   2005   2006   2007   2008   2009

                                                     Years
New afforestation over period                                     - 39 614 ha
Average per year                                                  - 3 961 ha
 New Afforestation by Province 2009
W. Cape   KZN    Limpopo   Mpumalanga      E. Cape
                            0.0%

                                   19.1%



                                        0.0%
                                        0.2%

      80.7%



                Total – 2 169 ha
                     New Afforestation by Species
                             1980 to 2009
                         Pine     Eucalyptus         Wattle/Other     Total
                    50
                    45
Thousand Hectares



                    40
                    35
                    30
                    25
                    20
                    15
                    10
                    5
                    0
                         1980   1984   1988   1992     1996   2000   2004   2008

                                                 Years
            Average p.a. 1980 to 1985                 - 10 974 ha (17.2% of total)
            Average p.a. 1986 to 1990                 - 24 558 ha (32.1% of total)
            Average p.a. 1991 to 1995                 - 24 406 ha (31.9% of total)
Total New Afforestation by Species
           1980 to 2009
   Pine   Eucalyptus   Wattle   Other
          8.0% 0.9%




                                47.0%



  44.1%




          Total – 382 619 ha
 New Afforestation by Species 2009
Eucalyptus      Pine      Wattle    Other Hardwood
                       1.2%

       25.5%

                                      39.1%




               34.2%
                 Total – 2 169 ha
                         New Afforestation by Product
                                 1980 to 2009
                    Pulpwood                  Sawlogs             Mining Timber
                    Other                     Total
                    50
                    45
Thousand Hectares




                    40
                    35
                    30
                    25
                    20
                    15
                    10
                    5
                    0
                         1980   1984   1988     1992    1996   2000   2004   2008

                                                   Years
                    Average p.a. 1996 to 2000           - 7 019 ha (9.2% of total)
                    Average p.a. 2001 to 2005           - 5 044 ha (6.6% of total)
                    Average p.a. 2006 to 2009           - 2 910 ha (3.0% of total)
Total New Afforestation by Product
           1980 to 2009
  Pulpwood   Sawlogs   Mining Timber     Other
               5.6%

     14.1%




                                       57.7%
  22.7%




             Total – 382 619 ha
  New Afforestation by Product 2009
Pulpwood   Sawlogs     Poles  Mng. Timber     Other
                        34.2%



                                       5.3%
                                       0.8%
                                       0.0%




               59.7%
               Total – 2 169 ha
   Area Converted Out of Timber
 Production by Species 1980 to 2009
           Pine            Eucalypts           Wattle/Other            Total
           7 000

           6 000

           5 000
Hectares




           4 000

           3 000

           2 000

           1 000

              0
                   1980   1984   1988   1992    1996   2000     2004    2008

                                           Years
                   Area converted over period                 - 89 390 ha
                   Average p.a.                               - 2 980 ha
Total Area Converted out of Timber
Production by Species 1980 to 2009
   Pine       Eucalypts       Wattle   Other
                   2.5%


    23.6%



                                       46.3%




          27.6%

                  Total – 89 390 ha
Total Area Converted out of Timber
   Production by Species 2009
  Pine    Eucalypts   Wattle   Other Hardwood




                                     3.5%
                                       5.0%
  91.0%                                0.5%




              Total – 3 554 ha
                    Net New Afforestation by Species
                             1980 to 2009
                    Pine            Eucalypts          Wattle/Other           Total
                    45
                    40
Thousand Hectares




                    35
                    30
                    25
                    20
                    15
                    10
                     5
                     0
                     -5
                    -10
                          1980   1984   1988    1992   1996   2000     2004    2008

                                                   Years
                            Net new afforestation over period         - 293 229 ha
                            Average p.a.                              - 9 774 ha
Net New Afforestation by Species
         1980 to 2009
  Pine   Eucalypts   Wattle    Other

                       47.2%

  0.5%
 3.3%




         49.1%
         Total – 293 229 ha
      Net New Afforestation by Species 2009

           1 000                722

             500                                377
                                                        9
               0
Hectares




            -500

           -1 000

           -1 500

           -2 000

           -2 500
                    -2 493
           -3 000
                    Pine     Eucalypts      Wattle    Other

                                      Species
            Total net new afforestation - Minus 1 385 ha
             Area Converted Out of Timber
           Production by Region 1980 to 2009
                                 North    KZN      South       Total
           7 000

           6 000

           5 000
Hectares




           4 000

           3 000

           2 000

           1 000

              0
                   1980   1984     1988   1992   1996   2000    2004   2008

                                             Years
                    Area converted over period                 - 89 390 ha
                    Average p.a.                               - 2 980 ha
Total Area Converted out of Timber
Production by Region 1980 to 2009
  Mpumalanga & Limpopo   KZN     W&E Cape

                               27.9%




  42.3%




                               29.8%

            Total – 89 390 ha
                     Net New Afforestation by Region
                              1980 to 2009
                                        North   KZN      South        Total
                    45
                    40
Thousand Hectares




                    35
                    30
                    25
                    20
                    15
                    10
                     5
                     0
                     -5
                    -10
                          1980   1984    1988   1992   1996    2000    2004   2008

                                                   Years
   Net new afforestation over period                          - 293 229 ha
   Average p.a.                                               - 9 774 ha
Net New Afforestation by Region
         1980 to 2009
 Mpumalanga & Limpopo   KZN     W&E Cape
            7.2%



                                 34.8%




   58.0%


           Total – 293 229 ha
Conversion of Plantations out of Production & to
         Other Species 1980 to 2009
                                    Pine    Eucalyptus     Wattle/Other          Total

                       15

                       10
   Thousand Hectares




                        5

                        0

                        -5

                       -10

                       -15

                       -20
                             1980    1984   1988   1992   1996   2000     2004     2008

                                                      Years
                        Net loss to production area over period         - 89 390 ha
                        Average p.a.                                    - 2 980 ha
Total Area Converted out of Production & to
        Other Species 1980 to 2009
           30 000
                                20 755
           20 000
           10 000                                         2 934
                0
Hectares




           -10 000
           -20 000
           -30 000
           -40 000
           -50 000
                                            -49 045
           -60 000
           -70 000   -64 035
                     Pine      Eucalypts    Wattle       Other

                                     Species
            Net loss to production area over period   - 89 390 ha
            Average p.a.                              - 2 980 ha
               Area Converted out of Production
                   & to Other Species 2009
           6 000
                               4 254
           4 000

           2 000
                                                      244
Hectares




               0

           -2 000                        -1 303

           -4 000

           -6 000

                    -6 749
           -8 000
                    Pine     Eucalypts   Wattle      Other

                                   Species

    Net loss to production area                   - 3 554 ha
Net Addition to Planted Area by Species
              1980 to 2009
                        Pine    Eucalyptus     Wattle/Other          Total

           50

           40

           30
Hectares




           20

           10

            0

           -10

           -20
                 1980    1984   1988   1992   1996   2000     2004      2008

                                          Years
 Total net addition to production area                      - 293 229 ha
 Average p.a.                                               - 9 774 ha
Total Net Addition to Planted Area by Species
                 1980 to 2009
            250 000


            200 000               189 386


            150 000
 Hectares




                      115 631

            100 000


             50 000
                                                          6 547
                 0

                                             -18 336
            -50 000
                       Pine     Eucalyptus   Wattle       Other

                                       Species
    Total net addition to production area              - 293 229 ha
    Average p.a.                                       - 9 774 ha
Net Addition (Loss) to Planted Area by Species
                     2009
             6 000               5 101

             4 000

             2 000
                                                           271
  Hectares




                 0

                                               -750
             -2 000

             -4 000

             -6 000
                      -6 007
             -8 000
                      Pine     Eucalyptus   Wattle        Other

                                     Species

 Total net gain in production area                    Minus 1 385 ha
                     Damage to Plantations by Genera
                              1980 to 2009
                                        Softwood       Hardwood       Total

                    120
Thousand Hectares




                    100

                    80

                    60

                    40

                    20

                     0
                          1980   1984    1988   1992    1996   2000    2004   2008

                                                   Years
    Total area damaged over period                                    - 930 573 ha
    Average p.a.                                                      - 31 019 ha
                          Damage to Plantations by Fires
                                  1980 to 2009
                                        Fire    Other Causes          Total

                    120
Thousand Hectares




                    100

                    80

                    60

                    40

                    20

                     0
                          1980   1984    1988   1992   1996    2000     2004   2008

                                                   Years
Total area damaged over period     - 930 573 ha
Total area damaged by fire         - 548 568 ha (59%)
Total area damaged by other causes - 382 005 ha (41%)
          Damage to Plantations by Fires
                  1980 to 2009
                            Fire   Other Causes

100%


80%


60%


40%


20%


 0%
       1980   1984   1988      1992   1996   2000   2004   2008

                                   Years
Damage to Plantations by Genera 2009
         Softwood                Hardwood




    36.6%




                                        63.4%




   Total – 22 808 ha (1.8% of total planted area)
Damage to Plantations by Cause 2009
       Fire              Other Causes
                           13.2%




          86.8%
              Total – 22 808 ha
Damage to Plantations by Fire 2009
   Arson    Accidental   Natural     Unknown



    55.9%



                                      17.9%




            3.7%             22.4%
             Total – 19 805 ha
    FSC Certified Forests
 by Forest Type: August 2009
        Plantations    Semi-Natural




                                2.2%
97.8%




    Certified Area – 1 572 568 ha
 (incl. planted & non-planted areas)
           FSC Certified Forests
        by Ownership: August 2009
Private Co's     Safcol & Ex Safcol   DWAF     Individuals
                      9.4%
               2.4%

       11.6%




                                       76.6%
          Certified Area – 1 572 568 ha
       (incl. planted & non-planted areas)
         Section 3
The Forest Products Industry
  Number of Processing Plants by Type 2009



          Sawmills                                               108


        Pole Plants                         47

Pulp, Paper & Board
                                  16
        Mills

Mining Timber Mills               16


    Charcoal Plants           4


    Match Factories       1


                      0           20   40        60   80   100         120
                                       Number of Plants

                      Total number of plants: 192
Intake of Roundwood into Processing Plants
               1980 to 2009
                            Pulp & Paper Mills      Sawmills
                            Mng. Timber Mills       Other
                            Total
               25

               20
  Million m3




               15

               10

               5

               0
                    1980   1984   1988   1992    1996    2000   2004    2008

                                            Years
     Total increase in intake over period               - 7.4 million m3 (67%)
     Biggest increase that of pulpwood                  - 8.7 million m3 (206%)
Intake of Roundwood into Processing Plants
                  2009
   Pulp, Paper & Board Mills   Sawmills
   Mng. Timber Mills           Other
                                 22.3%



                                          4.1%
                                          4.0%




             69.6%

               Total – 18.5 million m3
          Roundwood Intake into Processing
          Plants by Province & Product 2009
                              Other   Sawlogs   Pulpwood


                                                                    10.765
   KZN           0.656
              0.290

                             2.130
  Mpum                       2.065
                 0.792

          0.000
Limpopo      0.466
            0.325

          0.000
E. Cape      0.524
          0.010

          0.003
W. Cape      0.424
          0.074

          0              2            4         6          8   10        12
                                          Million m3

                               Total – 18.5 million m3
        Roundwood Intake into Processing
        Plants by Province & Product 2009
                                Pulpwood   Sawlogs   Other


        KZN                                                       12.711


 Mupumlanga                                4.987


    Limpopo         0.791


Eastern Cape       0.534


Western Cape       0.501


               0           2        4       6        8       10   12       14
                                           Million m3

                               Total – 18.5 million m3
         Average Size of Plant by Intake
                 1980 vs. 2009
                                                     1980   2009

Pulp & Paper Mills                                                                  806
                                                      351

         Sawmills             38
                             25

Mng. Timber Mills             47
                                72

      Pole Plants        9
                         7

     Other Plants              58
                             26

      Average All                   96
                              46

                     0             100   200   300      400   500   600   700     800     900
                                                                3
                                                      Thousand m
  Overall average intake has increased by:                                      - 109%
  Average intake of PP & Board Mills has increased by:                          - 130%
  Only average intake of MT Mills has declined – by                             - 35%
Sales of Certain Products from Processing
           Plants 1980 to 2009
                   Pulp (t)   Lumber (m3)   Mng. Timber (t)   Chips (t)
                   6 000

                   5 000
  Thousand Units




                   4 000

                   3 000

                   2 000

                   1 000

                      0
                       80

                       82

                       84

                       86

                       88

                       90

                       92

                       94

                       96

                       98

                       00

                       02

                       04

                       06

                       08
                     19

                     19

                     19

                     19

                     19

                     19

                     19

                     19

                     19

                     19

                     20

                     20

                     20

                     20

                     20
                                            Years
  Biggest increase that of chips      - 3.5 million tons (652%)
  Only decrease that of mining timber - 1.2 million tons (-72%)
Value of Sales from Primary Processing Plants
                     2009
  Pulp   Chips    Lumber   Panels   Mng. Timber   Other

                      20.8%
                                     9.3%

           9.9%                           3.2%
                                          4.5%




                       52.3%
                  Total – R20.4 billion
Value of Sales from Primary Processing Plants
                     2009

          Pulp                                                     10.666


        Lumber                             4.240


    Woodchips                  2.021


        Panels                 1.891


 Other Products        0.909


  Mining Timber       0.650


                  0           2        4           6      8   10        12
                                           Billion Rand

                              Total – R20.4 billion
Value of Sales from Primary Processing Plants
                     2009
  Pulp   Chips    Lumber   Panels   Mng. Timber   Other

                      20.8%
                                     9.3%

           9.9%                           3.2%
                                          4.5%




                       52.3%
                  Total – R20.4 billion
Value of Sales from Primary Processing
          Plants 1980 to 2009
                                                      Nominal        Real
                                25
 Billion Rand (2008/09 Rands)




                                20


                                15


                                10


                                5


                                0
                                     1980   1984   1988   1992   1996   2000   2004   2008

                                                             Years
 Nominal increase over period                                           - R19.7 bn (2 823%)
 Real increase over period                                              - R8.9 bn (78%)
Value of Roundwood Sales from Processing
     Plants by Product & Province 2009
                 Other       Sawn Timber   Pulp / Boards / Chips


                                                                       12 167
   KZN          673
              342

                           2 407
  Mpum                   2 118
                735

          1
Limpopo        477
               378

          0
E. Cape        538
          12

          3
W. Cape        435
              91

          0          2 000     4 000    6 000   8 000    10 000    12 000   14 000
                                       Million Rands

                                   Total – R20.4 billion
Value of Roundwood Sales from Processing
     Plants by Product & Province 2009
               Pulp / Boards / Chips   Sawn Timber    Other


   KZN                                                              13 182


  Mpum                            5 260


Limpopo        856


E. Cape       550


W. Cape       529


          0     2 000    4 000   6 000    8 000   10 000   12 000   14 000
                                 Million Rands

                          Total – R20.4 billion
   Gross Value of Output Comparisons
           1999, 2004 & 2009
                       1999             2004     2009
                                                                             20.376
For. Prods.                                               14.815
                                                 11.813

                                                               16.346
     Maize                               8.217
                                5.397

                                   6.705
   Forestry                4.216
                   2.268

                      3.057
    Wheat          1.842
                  1.665

                          4.420
Sugar Cane             3.452
                     2.886

              0             5               10            15            20            25
                                           Billion Rand
     Gross Value of Output Comparisons
    per Planted Hectare 1999, 2004 & 2009
                                      1999       2004          2009

                                                                              15.981
For. Prods.                                                    11.106
                                                   8.426

                                                                11.362
    Sugar                                         8.084
                                              6.921

                                       5.644
     Maize            2.565
                  1.513

                                      5.259
  Forestry                3.160
                  1.618

                                  4.718
    Wheat           2.219
                    2.319

              0                   5                       10             15            20
                                   Thousand Rand per Hectare
Value Addition in Primary Processing
            Industry 2009
                                     Output         Input

   Total Industry                           6 705
                                                                         20 376

Pulp / Paper Mills                  4 514
                                                            14 578

         Sawmills           1 782
                                    4 240

       M. T. Mills       143
                          650

      Pole Plants        225
                          546

 Charcoal Plants     22
                     44

                     0          5 000          10 000   15 000       20 000       25 000
                                                Million Rand
  Note : excludes secondary processing (e.g. paper manufacturing)
Value Addition Comparisons in Primary
       Processing Industry 2009

       M. T. Mills                                                         4.53

Pulp / Paper Mills                                            3.23

   Total Industry                                         3.04

      Pole Plants                                2.42

         Sawmills                                2.38

 Charcoal Plants                          1.98

                     0.0    1.0         2.0             3.0          4.0      5.0
                                  Output as ratio of Input

  Note : Based only on input value of raw fibre (i.e. excludes all other input costs)
         Section 4
Contribution to Employment
    Forest Sector Employment – RSA 2009
Sub-sector       No. of employees        Total
                                       Employment
                 Direct    Indirect
Forestry          66,500      30,000        96,500
Pulp and Paper    13,200      10,800        24,000
Sawmilling        20,000      10,000        30,000
Timber Board       6,000         n/a         6,000
Mining Timber      2,200         n/a         2,200
Other             11,000         n/a        11,000
Total            118,900      50,800       169,700
Direct Employment in Forestry Industry
          by Province 2009
     KZN      Mpumalanga   Cape       Limpopo

                                  12.6%
      36.7%

                                      5.0%




                           45.7%
                 Total – 66 500
Direct Employment in Forestry Industry
           by Region 2009


      KZN                                                        30 400




Mpumalanga                                            24 400




     Cape                8 400




   Limpopo       3 300



             0   5 000   10 000   15 000   20 000   25 000   30 000   35 000
                           Number of Direct Jobs
   Total estimated direct jobs in Industry – 66 500
Direct Employment in Forestry Industry as
       % of Those Employed in 2009


Mpumalanga                                                   2.7%



      KZN                            1.2%



      RSA              0.5%



   Limpopo       0.4%



     Cape       0.3%


         0.0%    0.5%         1.0%      1.5%   2.0%   2.5%     3.0%
                  % of Total Employed in Formal Sector
         Total employed in RSA – 13.4 million
        Indirect Employment in Forestry
           Industry by Province 2009


         KZN                                                 182 600




   Mpumalanga                                      146 300




         Cape           29 000




      Limpopo       13 000



                0        50 000      100 000    150 000      200 000   250 000
                                  Number of Indirect Jobs

Total estimated indirect jobs created by Industry – 371 000
Indirect Employment in Forestry Industry
     as % of Those Employed in 2009


Mpumalanga                                                        16.3%



      KZN                             7.2%



      RSA                 2.8%



   Limpopo         1.4%



     Cape         0.9%


             0%    2%       4%   6%    8%    10%   12%   14%    16%   18%
                         % of Total Employed in Formal Sector
      Total employed in Mpumalanga – 897 000
    Direct & Indirect Jobs in Forestry
        Industry by Province 2009
                    Direct jobs       Indirect jobs

      KZN                                                       213 000




Mpumalanga                                          170 700




      Cape             37 400




   Limpopo        16 300



             0       50 000     100 000   150 000     200 000       250 000
                                Number of Jobs

                 Estimated total – 437 400 jobs
Total Employment in Industry as % of Those
      Employed in Formal Sector 2009
                               Direct    Indirect

 Mpumalanga                                                      19.0%


       KZN                               8.4%


       RSA                 3.3%


    Limpopo         1.8%


      Cape         1.2%


              0%              5%           10%          15%              20%
                          % of Total Employed in Formal Sector
       Total employed in Mpumalanga – 897 000
    Dependents of Those Working in
    Forestry Industry by Region 2009
    Direct job dependents                Indirect job dependents

      KZN                                               669 000




Mpumalanga                                         536 000




      Cape                112 000




   Limpopo       53 000


             0     200 000          400 000   600 000        800 000   1 000 000
                             Number of Dependents

       Estimated total – 1.4 million dependents
 Total Number of People Dependent on
   Forestry Industry by Region 2009
                          Workers        Dependents

      KZN                                                     882 000



Mpumalanga                                          707 000



   E. Cape           122 000



   Limpopo       69 000



   W. Cape       27 000


             0      200 000    400 000    600 000   800 000   1 000 000 1 200 000
                    Number of People Dependent on Industry

        Estimated total – 1.8 million livelihoods
Estimated % of Population Dependent
     on Forestry Industry 2009

Mpumalanga                                                   19.31%



      KZN                             9.00%



      RSA                 3.77%



     Cape         1.25%



   Limpopo        1.23%


             0%            5%         10%        15%         20%      25%
                                % of Provincial Population
     Section 5
Investment in Sector
Investment in RSA Forestry Industry 2009
     Trees                 Land
     Roads                 Fixed Assets
     Moveable Assets
             19.4%
                            13.0%


                                 6.2%

                                  2.8%




               58.5%
      Total Investment - R24.8 Billion
Investment in RSA Forestry Industry 2009
    Pine Long      Gum Short           Pine Short
    Wattle         Gum Long

                               16.8%


       37.3%
                                   5.9%
                                       1.7%




                           38.3%
       Total Investment - R24.8 Billion
Investment in RSA Forestry Industry 2009

  Mpumalanga    KZN   E. Cape   W. Cape     Limpopo


                                11.8%
        36.9%
                                    5.3%

                                     4.3%




                           41.8%
       Total Investment - R24.8 Billion
Investment in Plantations – By Province
                 2009

 Mpumalanga                                                   10.334



       KZN                                            9.134



     E Cape                2.910



    W Cape         1.308



    Limpopo       1.064


              0       2        4         6        8      10            12
                                   Billion Rand

Mpumalanga has highest investment - 42% of total
Investment in Mpumalanga Forestry 2009
   Pine Long      Gum Short      Pine Short
   Wattle         Gum Long


                              18.3%
        34.0%

                                  2.1%
                                  1.5%




                      44.1%
      Total Investment - R10.3 Billion
Investment in KZN Forestry 2009
Pine Long      Gum Short      Pine Short
Wattle         Gum Long
                     15.5%



                             13.3%

                              0.1%

   55.6%                     15.5%




    Total Investment - R9.1 Billion
Investment in E. Cape Forestry 2009
 Pine Long           Gum Short       Pine Short
 Wattle              Gum Long

         13.4%
                                 25.1%



                                         1.2%
                                         0.3%




             60.0%
     Total Investment - R2.9 Billion
Investment in W. Cape Forestry 2009
 Pine Long      Gum Short      Pine Short
 Wattle         Gum Long




                              0.8%

                               9.3%
   87.5%
                                0.0%
                                2.4%




     Total Investment - R1.3 Billion
Investment in Limpopo Forestry 2009
  Pine Long        Gum Short    Pine Short
  Wattle           Gum Long

           19.0%
    0.1%
    0.1%



                                58.0%
     22.8%




      Total Investment - R1.1 Billion
  Investment in Forest Products Sector
    by Type of Processing Plant 2009
     Pulp & Board          Sawmills & Veneer
     Pole Plants           Mng. Timber
     Other

                                 11.8%
                                   1.0%
                                   0.3%
                                    4.2%



        82.7%



Total Book Value of Investments - R15.7 Billion
  Investment in Forest Products Sector
      by Investment Category 2009
   Machinery & Equipment   Land & Buildings
   Moveable Assets         Other




                                    12.7%
                                       1.4%
                                       0.7%


        85.2%




Total Book Value of Investments - R15.7 Billion
     Section 6
Contribution to GDP
      Composition of RSA GDP
               2009
   Agric           Mining       Other Secondary
   Manufacturing   Finance      Other Tertiary

          41.3%
                                 3.3%

                                    9.5%


                                      5.4%




                                18.8%
          21.7%

Total GDP – R2 284 Billion (i.e. R2.3 Trillion)
                        Contribution to GDP 1980 to 2009
                               Forestry to Agric. GDP      FP to Mnfg. GDP
                               FP to total GDP

                        14%
% Contribution to GDP




                        12%

                        10%

                        8%

                        6%

                        4%

                        2%

                        0%
                              1980   1984   1988   1992   1996   2000   2004   2008

                                                      Years
Increase in Forestry GDP over period from 4.5% to 9.7%
Decrease in For. Prod. GDP over period from 6.3% to 6.1%
Forestry vs. Other Agricultural GGP per
              Region 2009
                  Forestry    Other Agriculture

 100%
 90%
 80%
 70%
 60%
 50%
 40%
 30%
 20%    32.4%
 10%            17.7%    15.7%      3.5%      0.8%
                                                       8.9%
  0%
        Mpum    KZN     E. Cape    Limpopo   W. Cape   RSA
                             Province

 Forestry in Mpumalanga of major importance
Forest Products vs. Other Manufacturing
         GGP per Region 2009
          Forest Products      Other Manufacturing
100%


 80%


 60%


 40%


 20%

               14.3%               2.3%      1.4%     4.8%
       16.4%            9.1%
 0%
       Mpum     KZN    Limpopo    E. Cape   W. Cape   RSA
                         Province
                      Gross Value of Output
                    by Sector & Province 2009
                               Forestry    Forest Products


                                                                        13 182
        KZN
                                 3 343

                                          5 260
 Mupumlanga
                            2 370

                      856
Eastern Cape
                     646

                    550
    Limpopo
                   200

                      875
Western Cape
                   146


               0       2 000    4 000     6 000   8 000   10 000 12 000 14 000
                                          Million Rands
                     Gross Value of Output
                   by Sector & Province 2009
                           Forestry    Forest Products


        KZN                                                       16 422


 Mupumlanga                             8 027


Eastern Cape       1 128


    Limpopo        1 034


Western Cape       832


               0           5 000          10 000         15 000            20 000
                                      Million Rands
Forest Industry Contribution to Total
       GGP per Region - 2009
                            Forestry          Forest Products
 Mpumalanga                                                     3.23%
                                         1.46%

        KZN                                                           3.59%
                                 0.91%

        RSA                      0.91%
                      0.29%

    Limpopo            0.34%
                    0.12%

Eastern Cape             0.49%
                       0.37%

Western Cape        0.27%
                0.04%

               0%      1%        1%      2%      2%   3%   3%    4%      4%

                                      % of Regional GGP
 Forest Industry Contribution to Total
        GGP per Region - 2009
                       Forestry       Forest Products

 Mpumalanga                                            4.68%

        KZN                                           4.50%

        RSA                  1.20%

Eastern Cape            0.86%

    Limpopo          0.46%

Western Cape        0.31%

               0%      1%        2%      3%      4%     5%     6%

                                 % of Regional GGP
          Section 7
Contribution to Foreign Trade
 Imports vs. Exports of Forest Products
                 2009
                              Imports       Exports

                                                                 6.139
      Paper
                                                                            7.897



                                                 4.643
       Pulp
                     0.577



Solid Wood &                                 3.988
    Other                          2.777


               0.0    1.0    2.0   3.0     4.0       5.0   6.0       7.0   8.0      9.0
                                         Billion Rand

   Positive trade balance in 2009 = R2.91 billion
         Forest Product Exports
                  2009
Pulp           Paper       Solid Wood          Other



                                  20.7%


       42.2%
                                        2.7%




                                34.4%

                Total – R12.5 billion
        Forest Product Imports
                 2009
Pulp       Paper          Solid Wood          Other



                                  21.8%



                                       0.1%
                                       4.1%

       74.0%



               Total – R9.6 billion
                Trade Balance in Forest Products
                     1992 to 2009 (nominal)
                                Imports       Exports       Trade Balance
               16

               14

               12
Billion Rand




               10

               8

               6

               4

               2

               0
                    1992     1994   1996   1998   2000   2002    2004   2006   2008

                                                  Years
                           Increase in imports                  - R8.1 billion (574%)
                           Increase in exports                  - R10.1 billion (432%)
                           Increase in trade balance            - R2.0 billion (214%)
                             Trade Balance in Forest Products
                                    1992 to 2009 (real)
                                             Imports       Exports       Trade Balance
                            18
Billion Rand (2009 Rands)




                            16
                            14
                            12
                            10
                            8
                            6
                            4
                            2
                            0
                                 1992     1994   1996   1998   2000   2002    2004   2006   2008

                                                               Years
                                        Increase in imports                  - R5.2 billion (119%)
                                        Increase in exports                  - R5.3 billion (73%)
                                        Increase in trade balance            - R0.1 billion (2%)
                   Export Comparisons
                    1999, 2004 & 2009
                                  1999              2004    2009

                                                                        49.5
 Metal Ores                      9.6
                           6.7
                                                                35.4
       Coal                               15.6
                            8.4
                                       12.5
Forest Prods                  9.0
                           6.7
                                        13.6
       Fruit                7.6
                      4.4
                     3.4
      Sugar        1.6
                   1.6

               0            10                 20          30      40   50     60
                                                    Billion Rand

								
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