FINNISH CULTURE Famous Finns Jean Sibelius He was a Finnish composer of the later Romantic period whose music played an important role in the formation of the Finnish national identity. Famous Finns Johan Ludvig Runeberg: He was a Finnish poet, and is the national poet of Finland. He wrote in the Swedish language. Famous Finns Elias Lönnrot: He was a Finnish philologist and collector of traditional Finnish oral poetry. He is best known for composing the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic compiled from national folklore. Famous Finns Mikael Agricola: - He was a Finnish clergyman who became de facto founder of written Finnish and one of the prominent proponents of the Protestant Reformation in Sweden-Finland. He is often called "the father of Finnish written language.“ - He translated the New Testament, the prayerbook, hymns, and the mass into Finnish, and through this work set the rules of orthography that are the basis of modern Finnish spelling. Famous Finns Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim: He was the Commander-in-Chief of Finland's Defence Forces, Marshal of Finland, a politician, and a military commander. He was Regent of Finland (1918–1919), and the President of Finland (1944–1946). Music Lordi (Hard rock) Music Nightwish (Symphonic metal) HIM (Love metal) Music The Rasmus (Rock) Apocalyptica (Symphonic metal) Music Children of Bodom (Symphonic metal) Poets of the Fall (Rock) Finnish food Mashed potatoes and sausage Escalloped macaroni Finnish food Roast reindeer Roast salmon Finnish food Karelian pies Karelian hot pot Finnish food Crisp bread Rye bread Finnish food Pea soup Finnish squeaky cheese Finnish food Gingerbread Christmas Tarts Finnish food Mämmi (Finnish Easter malt pudding) Runeberg's tart Literature The Kalevala The Kalevala is a book and epic poem which Elias Lönnrot compiled from Finnish and Karelian folklore in the nineteenth century. It is held to be the national epic of Finland and is traditionally thought of as one of the most significant works of Finnish literature. Sauna A room where the temperature can reach over 90 ºC.