4th Conference on adaptation to climate change in developing countries November 25th 2010 The Hague, the Netherlands OUTLINES WORKSHOPS 4th Conference on adaptation to climate change in developing countries ------------------------------------------ OUTLINES WORKSHOP ROUND 1 1. Climate change information and adaptation tools By: Fulco Ludwig (Wageningen UR), Veraniek Geerts (Knowledge for Climate), and Maarten van Aalst (Partners for Resilience). This workshop will discuss different tools which are available for climate change adaptation. The process of adapting to climate change can be roughly divided into three steps: 1. impact assessment, 2. selection and design of adaptation options, and 3. evaluation of the adaptation options. There is a number of guidelines available covering the complete adaptation cycle but for a thorough assessment these guidelines are usually not sufficient and in most cases separate tools are necessary to cover each of the three steps. During the workshop we will discuss which tools are available and the usefulness of the individuals tools. For the climate change impact assessment it necessary to have some kind of information available on how the climate will change locally. Lots of data on climate change is available but most of this is not easily accessible. We will present a spreadsheet tool we have developed for the Partners of Resilience. With this tool it has become much easier to gather information on how temperature and average and extreme rainfall will change in the future. The workshop will end with a discussion on the usefulness of the presented tools and the need there is for adjustment of existing tools or the development of new tools. 2. Proceedings of The Hague conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change By: The Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture & Innovation The world today faces one of the biggest challenges of the 21st century: how to feed 9 billion people in 2050, in the face of climate change, economic and financial crises and the growing competition for the use of natural resources. This challenge is even more crucial given that in the past decade, we have not come close to achieving the Millennium Development Goal of halving the number of people living in extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. Along these lines, the Seventeenth session of the Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD-17) of May 2009 and the FAO Summit on Food Security of November 2009 voiced a clear message: the multiple challenges the world is facing in terms of food insecurity, climate change, degradation of ecosystems, and economic recession require an integrated response and an urgent transition of the world economy towards a sustainable, inclusive and resource efficient path. A paradigm shift at all levels is needed: agriculture and food security should be at the heart of sustainable development and poverty eradication efforts, as well as those related to lower carbon, climate resilient growth. The Hague Conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change, aims to develop a roadmap with concrete actions linking agriculture-related investments, policies, and measures with the transition to climate smart growth. This workshop will report on this roadmap and other proceedings from this conference. 3. The Adapts-approach; local climate change adaptation in 6 developing countries By: Pieter Pauw, Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), VU University Amsterdam and others The ADAPTS project aims at meliorating the impacts of climate change through increasing developing countries’ adaptive capacities by achieving the inclusion of climate change and adaptation considerations in water policies, local planning and investment decisions. The workshop will focus on how you can scale-up local climate change adaptation interventions through cooperation with governments, NGOs and scientists. 4. Will Micro Insurance be the trigger for Climate Adaptation? By: Muniappan Karthikeyan (DHAN Foundation, India), Karlijn Morsink (Twente University) and Annette Houtekamer (Eureko) Micro Insurance, as part of integrated disaster risk management, provides: 1. A way of coping with natural hazards and 2. A mechanism to stimulate risk prevention and adaptation of crops and agricultural methods. Does this lead to the much needed adaptation of communities in developing countries to climate change? We share practical, scientific and reinsurance lessons learned in the southern part of India. This will give you the complete picture about poor people’s decision to buy insurance and its long and short term adaptation effects. 5. Tools for scaling-up re-greening successes in Africa By: Chris Reij, Center for International Cooperation (CIS), VU University Amsterdam A study on long-term trends in agriculture and environment in Niger uncovered in 2006 that farmers in some densely populated parts in the South of Niger had begun to protect and manage young trees, which regenerated spontaneously on their farmland. The scale of this on-farm re-greening is at least 5 million ha, which makes it the biggest environmental transformation in the Sahel, if not in Africa. This finding inspired the creation of a new re-greening initiative in Africa’s drylands, which wants to expand the scale of existing successes. This initiative became operational in June 2009 in Burkina Faso and Mali. It is now expanding to Niger and Ethiopia. The initiative uses a wide range of tools for scaling up, including work at the grassroots (farmer-to-farmer study visits), developing national policy dialogues around re-greening (forestry legislation and agricultural development policies) as well as advocacy at the international level (informing journalists and documentary makers). OUTLINES WORKSHOP ROUND 2 1. Integrating DRR, climate change adaptation and ecosystem based approaches; Cooperation in the Partners for Resilience By: The Netherlands Red Cross, Red Cross Climate Centre, CARE Netherlands, Wetlands International and Cordaid The Netherlands Red Cross, Red Cross Climate Centre, CARE Netherlands, Wetlands International and Cordaid will together form the Partners for Resilience. They will jointly work in 9 countries worldwide on climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction and ecosystem management and restoration , supporting communities to become more resilient to climate change and disasters. During this session there will be a joint presentation on: The relevance of the alliance of the Partners for Resilience (by the Netherlands Red Cross) Climate risk assessments (by the Red Cross climate centre) Community managed DRR, climate adaptation and ecosystem approaches: some casestudies from Africa, Asia and Central America (by Wetlands International, Cordaid, CARE NL, and the Red Cross Netherlands) 2. Managing the Water Buffer: 3R Approach in Climate Change Adaptation Organized by: 3R consortium; Acacia Water, RAIN Foundation, MetaMeta, Aqua4All, IGRAC, CPWC and BGR. Several organizations have joined forces to contribute to climate change adaptation and pro poor development aid, and developed the 3R approach. The 3R approach (Recharge, Retention and Reuse of water) aims at promoting sustainable management of water buffers, tackling both increasing uncertainty in water availability as well as land degradation. During the workshop the 3R consortium will demonstrate the added value of buffer management. 3R cases will be presented for discussion in which managing the local water buffer proves to be successful in humid and arid environments, in rural areas and in cities. Examples of different technologies in several countries will also be discussed, showing small scale solutions that are promising for up-scaling and implementation elsewhere. The 3R consortium is looking for opportunities to increase co-funding for implementation, research and capacity building. During the session and at the stand you can join the 3R secretariat and become involved in the 3R initiative. 3. Effectively disseminating Green Adaptation knowledge to developing countries By: Helena Hulsman (Deltares), Arjan Berkhuysen (WNF) Green Adaptation approaches, in which ecosystem functions are protected and used for the benefit of safety, food and freshwater security and livelihoods, are increasingly applied all over the world with great success. An overview of knowledge and experience is predominantly lacking, which makes it difficult to effectively respond to the needs of developing countries for green, ecosystem based adaptation solutions to local climate problems. This Green Adaptation workshop gives an overview of the Green Adaptation needs and questions from developing countries and internationally available Green Adaptation answers and action perspectives. Workshop participants are invited to share their views and experiences on effectively disseminating Green Adaptation knowledge, in order to structurally respond to developing countries' needs. 4. Guidance in Adaptation By: Henk van Schaik (CPWC) and Pieter van Eijk (Wetlands International) Following up on the workshop on Climate Change Information and Guidance Tools that will have the character of scoping climate information and tools availability, this workshop will have the specific tools developed by a consortium of partners including WI, WWF, CI, IUCN and CPWC presented and discussed. The intention is to make the participants aware about the existence and applicability of the 6 adaptation tools for resp. Infrastructure and Ecosystems, Disasters, Governance, Finance and Capacity Building. The presentation will be followed by discussions in Round Tables on the actual use of the tools and to collect potential cases from the participants to be included in the modules. The workshop will be organised by CPWC in cooperation with Wetlands International. Prior to the conference major NGOs will be informed about the intentions and the desirable outcomes of the session to wet their appetite and prepare for the session by collecting interesting examples from their own experience. 5. Agriculture in Climate Change Negotiations; what can we expect at Cancun? By: ICCO and partners from India The workshop will discuss the place of agriculture and its evolution in climate change negotiations. The presumption is that agriculture should be central to climate change negotiations because (i) it is most important source of food and livelihood in developing countries (Asia and Sub-saharan) and (ii) it has remarkable potential to reduce emissions from the current (allegedly) 13.5% contribution in GHG emissions, second only to energy. The speakers will also dwell on how low cost and low energy and water stress subsistence agriculture in India and other developing countries can lead the world in agricultural adaptation.
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