Conference on adaptation to climate change in developing countries by mikesanye


									4th Conference on adaptation to climate change in developing countries
                          November 25th 2010
                       The Hague, the Netherlands

                        OUTLINES WORKSHOPS
     4th Conference on adaptation to climate change in developing countries

                                 OUTLINES WORKSHOP ROUND 1

1.      Climate change information and adaptation tools

        By: Fulco Ludwig (Wageningen UR), Veraniek Geerts (Knowledge for Climate), and Maarten
        van Aalst (Partners for Resilience).

This workshop will discuss different tools which are available for climate change adaptation. The
process of adapting to climate change can be roughly divided into three steps: 1. impact assessment,
2. selection and design of adaptation options, and 3. evaluation of the adaptation options. There is a
number of guidelines available covering the complete adaptation cycle but for a thorough
assessment these guidelines are usually not sufficient and in most cases separate tools are necessary
to cover each of the three steps. During the workshop we will discuss which tools are available and
the usefulness of the individuals tools.

For the climate change impact assessment it necessary to have some kind of information available on
how the climate will change locally. Lots of data on climate change is available but most of this is not
easily accessible. We will present a spreadsheet tool we have developed for the Partners of
Resilience. With this tool it has become much easier to gather information on how temperature and
average and extreme rainfall will change in the future.

The workshop will end with a discussion on the usefulness of the presented tools and the need there
is for adjustment of existing tools or the development of new tools.

2.      Proceedings of The Hague conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change

        By: The Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs, Agriculture & Innovation

The world today faces one of the biggest challenges of the 21st century: how to feed 9 billion people
in 2050, in the face of climate change, economic and financial crises and the growing competition for
the use of natural resources. This challenge is even more crucial given that in the past decade, we
have not come close to achieving the Millennium Development Goal of halving the number of people
living in extreme poverty and hunger by 2015. Along these lines, the Seventeenth session of the
Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD-17) of May 2009 and the FAO Summit on Food
Security of November 2009 voiced a clear message: the multiple challenges the world is facing in
terms of food insecurity, climate change, degradation of ecosystems, and economic recession require
an integrated response and an urgent transition of the world economy towards a sustainable,
inclusive and resource efficient path.

A paradigm shift at all levels is needed: agriculture and food security should be at the heart of
sustainable development and poverty eradication efforts, as well as those related to lower carbon,
climate resilient growth. The Hague Conference on Agriculture, Food Security and Climate Change,
aims to develop a roadmap with concrete actions linking agriculture-related investments, policies,
and measures with the transition to climate smart growth. This workshop will report on this roadmap
and other proceedings from this conference.
3.      The Adapts-approach; local climate change adaptation in 6 developing countries

        By: Pieter Pauw, Institute for Environmental Studies (IVM), VU University Amsterdam and

The ADAPTS project aims at meliorating the impacts of climate change through increasing
developing countries’ adaptive capacities by achieving the inclusion of climate change and
adaptation considerations in water policies, local planning and investment decisions.

The workshop will focus on how you can scale-up local climate change adaptation interventions
through cooperation with governments, NGOs and scientists.

4.      Will Micro Insurance be the trigger for Climate Adaptation?

        By: Muniappan Karthikeyan (DHAN Foundation, India), Karlijn Morsink (Twente University)
        and Annette Houtekamer (Eureko)

Micro Insurance, as part of integrated disaster risk management, provides:
1. A way of coping with natural hazards and
2. A mechanism to stimulate risk prevention and adaptation of crops and agricultural methods.

Does this lead to the much needed adaptation of communities in developing countries to climate
change? We share practical, scientific and reinsurance lessons learned in the southern part of India.
This will give you the complete picture about poor people’s decision to buy insurance and its long
and short term adaptation effects.

5.      Tools for scaling-up re-greening successes in Africa

By: Chris Reij, Center for International Cooperation (CIS), VU University Amsterdam

A study on long-term trends in agriculture and environment in Niger uncovered in 2006 that farmers
in some densely populated parts in the South of Niger had begun to protect and manage young trees,
which regenerated spontaneously on their farmland. The scale of this on-farm re-greening is at least
5 million ha, which makes it the biggest environmental transformation in the Sahel, if not in Africa.
This finding inspired the creation of a new re-greening initiative in Africa’s drylands, which wants to
expand the scale of existing successes. This initiative became operational in June 2009 in Burkina
Faso and Mali. It is now expanding to Niger and Ethiopia. The initiative uses a wide range of tools for
scaling up, including work at the grassroots (farmer-to-farmer study visits), developing national policy
dialogues around re-greening (forestry legislation and agricultural development policies) as well as
advocacy at the international level (informing journalists and documentary makers).
                                 OUTLINES WORKSHOP ROUND 2

1.      Integrating DRR, climate change adaptation and ecosystem based approaches; Cooperation
        in the Partners for Resilience

        By: The Netherlands Red Cross, Red Cross Climate Centre, CARE Netherlands, Wetlands
        International and Cordaid

The Netherlands Red Cross, Red Cross Climate Centre, CARE Netherlands, Wetlands International and
Cordaid will together form the Partners for Resilience. They will jointly work in 9 countries worldwide
on climate change adaptation, disaster risk reduction and ecosystem management and restoration ,
supporting communities to become more resilient to climate change and disasters.

During this session there will be a joint presentation on:
The relevance of the alliance of the Partners for Resilience (by the Netherlands Red Cross) Climate
risk assessments (by the Red Cross climate centre) Community managed DRR, climate adaptation and
ecosystem approaches: some casestudies from Africa, Asia and Central America (by Wetlands
International, Cordaid, CARE NL, and the Red Cross Netherlands)

2.      Managing the Water Buffer: 3R Approach in Climate Change Adaptation

        Organized by: 3R consortium; Acacia Water, RAIN Foundation, MetaMeta, Aqua4All, IGRAC,
        CPWC and BGR.

Several organizations have joined forces to contribute to climate change adaptation and pro poor
development aid, and developed the 3R approach. The 3R approach (Recharge, Retention and Reuse
of water) aims at promoting sustainable management of water buffers, tackling both increasing
uncertainty in water availability as well as land degradation.

During the workshop the 3R consortium will demonstrate the added value of buffer management. 3R
cases will be presented for discussion in which managing the local water buffer proves to be
successful in humid and arid environments, in rural areas and in cities. Examples of different
technologies in several countries will also be discussed, showing small scale solutions that are
promising for up-scaling and implementation elsewhere. The 3R consortium is looking for
opportunities to increase co-funding for implementation, research and capacity building. During the
session and at the stand you can join the 3R secretariat and become involved in the 3R initiative.
3.      Effectively disseminating Green Adaptation knowledge to developing countries

        By: Helena Hulsman (Deltares), Arjan Berkhuysen (WNF)

Green Adaptation approaches, in which ecosystem functions are protected and used for the benefit
of safety, food and freshwater security and livelihoods, are increasingly applied all over the world
with great success. An overview of knowledge and experience is predominantly lacking, which makes
it difficult to effectively respond to the needs of developing countries for green, ecosystem based
adaptation solutions to local climate problems.

 This Green Adaptation workshop gives an overview of the Green Adaptation needs and questions
from developing countries and internationally available Green Adaptation answers and action
perspectives. Workshop participants are invited to share their views and experiences on effectively
disseminating Green Adaptation knowledge, in order to structurally respond to developing countries'

4.      Guidance in Adaptation

        By: Henk van Schaik (CPWC) and Pieter van Eijk (Wetlands International)

Following up on the workshop on Climate Change Information and Guidance Tools that will have the
character of scoping climate information and tools availability, this workshop will have the specific
tools developed by a consortium of partners including WI, WWF, CI, IUCN and CPWC presented and
discussed. The intention is to make the participants aware about the existence and applicability of
the 6 adaptation tools for resp. Infrastructure and Ecosystems, Disasters, Governance, Finance and
Capacity Building. The presentation will be followed by discussions in Round Tables on the actual use
of the tools and to collect potential cases from the participants to be included in the modules.

 The workshop will be organised by CPWC in cooperation with Wetlands International. Prior to the
conference major NGOs will be informed about the intentions and the desirable outcomes of the
session to wet their appetite and prepare for the session by collecting interesting examples from
their own experience.

5.      Agriculture in Climate Change Negotiations; what can we expect at Cancun?

        By: ICCO and partners from India

The workshop will discuss the place of agriculture and its evolution in climate change negotiations.
The presumption is that agriculture should be central to climate change negotiations because (i) it is
most important source of food and livelihood in developing countries (Asia and Sub-saharan) and (ii)
it has remarkable potential to reduce emissions from the current (allegedly) 13.5% contribution in
GHG emissions, second only to energy.

The speakers will also dwell on how low cost and low energy and water stress subsistence agriculture
in India and other developing countries can lead the world in agricultural adaptation.

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