Early Childhood Studies by nyut545e2

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									Early Childhood Studies
    Intellectual (Cognitive)
         Development
    What is Intellectual development?
   A mental process which we acquire knowledge.
   Intellectual development involves a child's
    thinking. Children learn to think by undertaking
    challenging tasks. Reasoning their way through
    different tasks helps children learn.

Now:
    • Lets discuss how you as a individual gain knowledge?
    • List out all types of learning process you and your fellow
      peers adopt to learn about something (5 mins activity).
Some ways of acquiring knowledge
            is by….
   Thinking and reasoning ability
   Abilities in language and reading
   Memory or route learning
   Innate intelligence

    • How do you think children learn?
      Children Learning Process
   When a child is born, he/she comes with a
    brain ready and eager to learn.
   The brain is very much like a new
    computer. It has great potential for
    development, depending on what we put
    into it.
   Early experiences greatly influence the
    way a person develops. Everyone who
    works with children has an awesome
    responsibility for the future of those
    children.
    • No need to copy this down!
                         Cont’d
   The activities you do with them from birth to age
    10 will determine how their learning patterns
    develop.
   As children interact with their environment, they
    learn problem solving skills, critical thinking
    skills, and language skills.
    • Alice and George are painting. Each of them has a jar of
      blue paint and a jar of yellow paint. Suddenly George
      yells, "Look, ‘Alice, I made green!" "How did you do it?"
      asks Alice. "I put yellow paint on top of my blue paint -
      yellow and blue put together make green!" yells George.
      Other children gather around to watch and ask for a
      turn.
    • An example of discovery learning or hands-on learning.
     Activate your thinking cap!!
   You want to learn how to play softball so
    that you can join a team. How will you
    learn to play?
    Will you:
    • 1. Buy a book and read about how to play
      softball.
    • 2. Watch a video about softball.
    • 3. Ask a friend who plays to grab a ball, bat,
      and glove and teach you.
    Answer:Which way will help you learn the game
      the best? Choice 3 is the best way for most
      people because they actually get to try the
      game and learn the rules as they play.
Styles of children learning process
   Imitation-Following others actions
    and follow what others do (family).
   Observation-Watch and learn-Albert
    Bandura theory
   Trial and error-Learning from
    mistakes.
   Discovery Learning- Novelty
    experiences.
             Group Work
   4 to 5 people to a group
   Group A-List all the intellectual
    development of a child from 0 to 1
    year old.
   Group B-List the development from 1
    to 2 years old.
   Group C-List the developments from
    2 to 3 years old.
        How do children develop
            intellectually?
   0 to 1-A child develops at their own
    unique pace. Become more mobile and
    improve their ability to manipulate
    objects.
    • newborn's uncoordinated movements and
      fisted hands will gradually develop into
      smoother motions.
    • signs of independence
    • attempting to feed themselves, begin to
      respond to name by turning and looking when
      you call-making babbling sounds
                     Cont’d
   1 to 2 years old-learning to talk, although
    they understand more than they can say,
    get a real sense of their personality and
    temperament.
    • a new level of self-awareness and begin calling
      themselves by name, recognizing in family
      photos and identifying parts of the body.
    • fine motor tasks such as puzzles, taking lids
      off jars, using a fork and building bigger and
      better towers.
    • Language is also exploding at this time.
                      Cont’d
   2 to 3 years old-becoming a preschooler,
    and at this stage their mental abilities are
    growing quickly.
    • practising many self-help skills during the day,
      such as undressing, feeding, starting to toilet
      train .
    • can communicate feelings, desires and
      interests using words, gestures and even two-
      to three-word sentences.
    • cope better with her emotions resulting from
      frustrations and separations
 To learn more about children development and
how they see the world – watch Child’s World on
   ABC channel every Wednesday at 8.30pm

								
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