a Cooperative effort by mikesanye


									                                                                    February 2010 • www.ndfu.org

Union Farmer

                                                                                                                                                                PERIODICALS – POSTAGE PAID
 a Cooperative effort

  When the restaurant closed a few years ago, it wasn’t a sure bet that
  the 322 residents of Drake would again have a place to sit down and
  have a hot bite to eat.
                      By michael Shirek                               to the expanded and renovated interior and exterior, the
                        Union Farmer                                  store boasts a new hot food counter, complete with broasted
                                                                      chicken, pizza, subs and other finger foods.
   DRAKE — Conventional wisdom suggested that this                       The store’s new offerings are proving to be popular, with
McHenry County town would be without a local eatery, as               increased traffic from the community and travelers on Highway
capitalizing and operating a successful business in rural North       52. According to Schmaltz, one trucking company added an
Dakota is a tall order.                                               account at the Drake store, choosing to move its stopping
   It turns out there was a company willing and able to fill that     point up the road from the store it had been patronizing. “They
   Situated on the south side of the city, the convenience store
                                                                      like our chicken better,” he joked.
                                                                         That the store is able to capitalize such a venture and fill   In this issue
operated by Farmers Union Oil Co. of Velva, Butte, Drake and
                                                                                                             Continued on page 10       • President’s Viewpoint/
Martin serves not only as a place to fill up on U.S. Highway
52, but also a place to sit down and eat for residents and                                                                                Page 2
travelers alike.                                                                                                                        • Optimizing cellulose
   “A lot of people talked to me, saying they need a place to                                                                             ethanol production/
eat,” said Cory Schmaltz, general manager of Farmers Union
Oil Co. of Velva, Butte, Drake and Martin. “We gave them a
                                                                                                                                          Page 3
place to eat. And it doesn’t hurt to be on the main highway.”                                                                           • Perennial energy crops/
   Transforming the store didn’t happen overnight. “We were                                                                               Page 4
talking about it the last two and a half years, back and forth,”                                                                        • Carlson speaks about
Schmaltz said. The interior layout of the store was changed
                                                                                                                                          climate change/Page 5
and the building expanded by 12 feet. The exterior also got
a facelift, with a brick facade and vintage Farmers Union Oil                                                                           • Family fun in Emmons
Co. logo.                                                                                                                                 County/Page 7
   “It’s not the same building, inside or out,” Schmaltz said.                                                                          • Young producers get
   After about five months of work, remodeling of the                                                                                     together/Page 8
convenience store was completed in November. In addition
                                                                                                                                        • Big turnout at active
                                                                                                                                          producers event/Page 9
Union Farmer                                                                                                                                                                                            Viewpoint

Why crop insurance subsidies matter to all
                                                       of which 42 percent is paid by farmers                  in North Dakota participate in the                         we encourage the capitalization of
                                                       and 58 percent is paid by the federal                   multi-peril crop insurance program                         operations and the development of
                                                       government.                                             — participation is also a requisite for                    innovative practices and equipment,
                                                          Crop insurance has a long history                    the Supplemental Revenue Assistance                        and we ensure that the United States
                                                       dating back to its creation in 1938 as                  Program (SURE). With such a high                           will continue to be the world’s
                                                       a federal corporation to address the                    rate of participation, it’s clear that                     leader in high-quality, high-value
                                                       effects of the Dust Bowl on the Great                   adverse changes to the program will                        food production. If the federal crop
                                                       Plains. It remained limited in use                      have far-reaching consequences to                          insurance program were to contract,
                                                       until 1980, when it was expanded to                     producers in North Dakota.                                 that food security would erode.
                                                       include many more crops and regions                        Cuts $8 billion deep carry some                             Changes to the federal crop
                                                       of the country. Congress enhanced the                   serious risks for the continuation of                      insurance subsidies program have
                                                       program in 1994 and again in 2000 to                    the crop insurance program in states                       been brewing for a while now. In
                                                       encourage greater farmer participation.                 like ours that often collect more in                       2009, the Risk Management Agency
                                                       The changes also expanded the role                      indemnities than they pay out in                           commissioned studies that concluded
                                                       of private insurance companies in                       premiums. In other words, companies                        that crop insurers are receiving an
                                                       developing new products that would                      lose money here more often than they                       excessive return on equity from selling
                                                       help producers manage their risks.                      make money. Current law requires that                      multi-peril crop insurance. Given
                                                          Today, crop insurance companies                      the Risk Management Agency strive                          concerns about the federal deficit,
                                                       enter into cooperative agreements                       for actuarial soundness for the entire                     pressures to reduce spending on crop
           By robert Carlson                           with the Federal Crop Insurance                         national crop insurance program,                           insurance are likely to continue, but
           NDFU President                              Corp., through its Risk Management                      including the federally paid premium                       it is also certain that federal subsidies
                                                       Agency, to offer insurance products                     subsidies. There’s the problem:                            will drop again — at least in the short
   The Obama administration recently                   to producers. The agreements allow                      Companies may elect not to offer crop                      term — as premium dollars shrink
announced its budget proposal for the                  insurers to sell a product that is                      insurance in high-loss states like North                   due to much lower prices for major
2011 fiscal year. In an effort to begin                both reinsured and subsidized by                        Dakota and others in the Great Plains.                     crops. Lower prices equal less total
bridging the gap between federal                       the federal government. The end                         That is because abandoning high-risk                       liability for the companies and less
income and spending, the budget calls                  result is an effective and affordable                   customers is a good way to enhance                         commission for the agents, in addition
for cuts in many programs, including                   crop insurance system through                           profitability and remain actuarially                       to less protection for the farmer and
agriculture. The president’s budget                    which producers benefit from secure                     sounds. A possible alternative would                       rancher.
proposal calls for income caps on                      insurance policies that have the                        be to increase the farmer-paid                                 National Farmers Union
eligibility for federal farm programs,                 backing of the federal government.                      portion of the premium, which would                        President Roger Johnson has
a reduction in the maximum annual                      Furthermore, the federal subsidies                      effectively lower the safety net and                       testified in Congress against cuts
direct payment amount a producer can                   make the program affordable and                         make the program less attractive to                        to crop insurance. North Dakota
receive and a cut in federal spending                  available to many producers who                         producers.                                                 Farmers Union has also urged our
in crop insurance by $8 billion over 10                would otherwise be unable to                               It’s important to note that producers                   congressional delegation to oppose
years.                                                 affordably insure their crops each year.                are not the only group that benefits                       those reductions. It’s important to
   For us in North Dakota, the reduced                    For North Dakota producers, crop                     from federal crop insurance subsidies.                     note that Congress just mulled over
funding for federally subsidized                       insurance is the best risk management                   Every consumer in the United States                        these very budget items not too long
multi-peril crop insurance is the real                 tool available to avoid ruinous weather                 benefits from this program.                                ago when it passed the 2008 Farm
game-changer in President Obama’s                      damage and price disasters. It is                          Although the primary purpose of                         Bill. House Agriculture Committee
proposed budget. Crop insurance is the                 required by most farm lenders and, in                   crop insurance is to safeguard the                         Chairman Colin Peterson, D-Minn.,
most important safety net for farmers                  combination with the government’s                       annual production of an individual                         put it this way: “It is Congress’ job to
in this state, and it is the most popular              permanent disaster program, it offers                   farmer, the broader consequence                            write the annual budget, and based on
federal farm program. Our farmers and                  protection for livestock producers as                   of that safeguard is an enhanced                           my conversations with House leaders,
ranchers insure more than 22 million                   well.                                                   level of food security. By giving                          no one is interested in making cuts to
acres in North Dakota at a premium                        It’s not surprising that nearly                      individual farmers a sturdy safety net                     the Farm Bill after the battle we just
cost of slightly more than $1 billion,                 100 percent of farming operations                       buttressed by the federal government,                      fought to pass it a year and a half ago.”

                                                                                     North Dakota Union Farmer — “The Voice of the Family Farmer” — An Award Winning Publication
                                                                                                     Volume 57, Number 2          (USPS 016-211) February 2010
                                                                          “The UNION FARMER is published monthly by North Dakota Farmers Union at 1415 12th Avenue Southeast, Jamestown, ND 58401.
                                                                         Annual subscription is $5 for members (paid in membership dues) and $12 for nonmembers. NDFU membership dues are $25 annually.
                                                                                                                        Periodicals postage paid at Jamestown.
                                                                     	 POSTMASTER:	Send address changes to: North Dakota Farmers Union, PO Box 2136, Jamestown, ND 58402-2136.

  Mission Statement: North Dakota Farmers Union, guided by           	   TOLL	FREE: 1-800-366-8331             Web	site: www.ndfu.org           Copies mailed this issue: 35,506
                                                                     	   NDFU	OFFICERS: President:	Robert Carlson, Jamestown; Vice	President:	Elwood “Woody” Barth, Solen;
   the principles of cooperation, legislation and education,
                                                                     	   Secretary:	Bob Kuylen, South Heart; Treasurer:	Terry Borstad, Devils Lake.
        is an organization committed to the prosperity
                                                                     	   DIRECTORS:	Jon Erickson, Minot; Ellen Linderman, Carrington; Wes Niederman Jr., Morristown, S.D.; Dennis Stromme, Zahl; Marcy Svenningsen, Valley City;
       of family farms, ranches and rural communities.               	   COMMUNICATIONS	SPECIALIST:	Jessica Haak; EDITOR:	Michael Shirek.

February 2010                                                                                    www.ndfu.org                                                                                                       Page 2
Cellulose Ethanol                                                                                                                                 Union Farmer
Optimizing cellulose ethanol production in North Dakota
     By richard D. Taylor and Won W. Koo                       Table 1. Average Total Transportation Costs, Average Total Processing Costs and Average Total Costs for the Production
        North Dakota State University                                                       of Ethanol Under Alternative Amounts of Biomass Availability
   Center for Agricultural Trade and Policies                Number of plants                    80%                                65%                             50%
                                                                                    ATTC         ATPC         ATC       ATTC        ATPC        ATC          ATTC   ATPC        ATC
   Ethanol production in the United States has grown
                                                                                            ---------------- dollar per gallon of ethanol ----------------
from 2.8 billion gallons in 2003 to 9 billion gallons
in 2008. Almost all of the production is corn-based              Base (12)           0.49         1.05        1.54       0.49        1.36       1.86         0.49    2.03        2.52
ethanol. The Energy Security and Independence Act                   11               0.50         0.84        1.34       0.50        1.11       1.61         0.50    1.69        2.19
of 2007 requires 36 billion gallons of ethanol to be                10               0.52         0.76        1.28       0.51        0.95       1.46         0.51    1.43        1.95
blended into the U.S. gasoline supply by 2022. To                    9               0.62         0.74        1.37       0.62        0.91       1.53         0.61    1.39        2.00
accomplish this, about 25 billion gallons of biomass-
based ethanol should be produced in the United             biomass from producing region to processing plant
States. Currently, about 36 percent of the U.S. corn       and transportation costs of ethanol from processing                    Table 2. Optimal Average Ethanol Production Under
supply is converted to ethanol. Biomass ethanol will                                                                                             Alternative Scenarios
                                                           plants to blending facilities.
have to provide a substantial portion in the future,           Three different levels of biomass availability were                                     Base-12            10 plants
since corn-based ethanol is limited.                       evaluated: 80 percent, 65 percent and 50 percent                                            ------- 1,000 gallons -------
   There are three major problems concerning the           of the biomass available in North Dakota. Table 1                    80% Scenario             100,454             109,586
production of biomass ethanol. First, the current          shows the average total transportation cost (ATTC),                  65% Scenario              81,619               89,039
cost of production for biomass-based ethanol is            average total production cost (ATPC) and average
                                                                                                                                50% Scenario              62,784               75,340
substantially higher than corn-based ethanol. Second,      total cost (ATC) of ethanol production. The costs are
biomass is bulky, generally lightweight, and difficult     listed as dollars per gallon of ethanol.
and expensive to transport even moderate distances.            Table 1 shows, under all three scenarios,                       The study indicates that ATC are minimized
Finally, biomass ethanol requires seven gallons of         transportation costs increase and production costs               when 10 plants produce ethanol in North Dakota
water per gallon of ethanol, compared to four gallons      decrease as the number of ethanol plants is reduced.             under the three scenarios. The ATC would be lower
of water per gallon of corn-based ethanol.                 ATPC includes a producer payment of $40 per ton                  when more biomass is available for processing, due
   Cellulose ethanol can be produced from almost           of biomass. As the number of processing plants                   mainly to economies of scale in producing ethanol.
any type of plant or animal material. That includes        decreases in North Dakota, the required biomass                  The lowest ATC under the 80 percent scenario is
crop and forestry residue, material from dedicated         for processing travels longer distances, resulting               14 percent lower than that under the 65 percent
biomass crops, byproducts from agricultural food           in increased transportation costs. However, the                  scenario, and 52 percent lower than that under the
processing and materials from landfills. However,          production costs decrease as the plants become                   50 percent scenario. The optimal size of the plant
the processing plant location is important, since          larger under increasing returns to scale.                        that minimizes the ATC would be a capacity of
these materials cannot be transported long distances           Transportation is the major cost in the production           about 110 million gallons of ethanol per year under
because of high freight costs. Another relevant            of biomass ethanol For example, with the 80 percent              the 80 percent scenario. Under the 65 percent and
question is what would be the size of the plant under      scenario, the average shipping distance is 22 miles              50 percent scenarios, the size of each plant is much
increasing returns to scale. A firm can reduce its total   with 12 plants, 24 miles with 10 plants and 27 miles             smaller, resulting in higher processing costs. Another
production costs as the size of a plant increases.         with nine plants. With the 65 percent scenario,                  important element in developing the biomass ethanol
   An empirical model is developed to determine            shipping distance is 23 miles with 12 plants, 25                 industry is the location for the processing plants to
the optimal number, location and size of cellulose         miles with 10 plants and 30 miles with nine plants.              minimize the transportation costs of biomass and
ethanol plants in North Dakota to maximize the use         With the 50 percent scenario, shipping distance is               ethanol.
of biomass produced in the state. The criteria is to       22 miles with 12 plants, 23 miles with 10 plants and                (Taylor is a research scientist and Woo is director
minimize average processing costs of biomass for           29 miles with nine plants. When biomass is limited,              of NDSU’s Center for Agricultural Policy and Trade
ethanol production, average transportation costs of        transportation costs increase rapidly.                           Studies.)

organic crop budgets for 2010 available from nDSU
   The North Dakota State University Extension             because of a slackening in the demand for organic                minimize the risk of pest and grain quality problems.
Service is offering projected organic crop budgets for     livestock products. Because of uncertainty in demand,            Chemical fertilizers and pesticides cannot be used to
south-central North Dakota.                                processors of organic wheat have been more tentative             treat a nutrient deficiency or subdue a pest problem. A
   The organic crop budgets included in the                in their purchases. This has made price discovery                green manure fallow crop every third, fourth or fifth
publication are for spring wheat, durum, feed barley,      more difficult. Nonetheless, most organic grains still           year is common.
corn, oil sunflowers, soybeans, oats, flax, field peas,    sell at a significant premium to conventionally grown               “The principal rule of organic production is
millet, buckwheat, lentils, rye and green manure.          crops. Particularly strong are food-quality soybeans             to rotate crops to break pest cycles,” said Brad
   “A primary assumption for all the crop budgets          at $19 to $21 per bushel and flax at $20 to $25 per              Brummond, cropping systems agent with the NDSU
is that the marketable yield of organic production         bushel.”                                                         Extension Service in Walsh County and co-author
will average about 70 (percent) to 75 percent of               Hauling grain longer distances to market and                 of the publication. “The same crop should never
conventional crop yields,” Swenson said. “However,         cleaning grain are important factors for an organic              be grown consecutively, nor should crops that have
experienced organic growers have achieved higher           producer when evaluating price and costs. Contracts              similarly sized seeds be grown back to back if the
yields. New organic growers and those with less            may specify the grower as responsible for both, either           previous crop is expected to become a ‘weed’ in the
success in managing pests and fertility under an           one or neither.                                                  subsequent crop.”
organic system may find it difficult to achieve 70             The budgets use “farm-gate” prices in which the                 The projected 2010 organic crop budget and an
percent of conventional yields. Also, to meet stringent    buyer arranges and pays the cost of transporting the             Excel worksheet for producers to enter their own
standards, the cleanout for organic grain typically is     grain from the farm. Another common pricing method               numbers and rotations is available on the Web at
greater than for conventional markets. This also is a      is freight on board, with a delivery point specified by          www.ext.nodak.edu/extpubs/ecguides.htm. For more
factor in estimating marketable yields.                    the buyer. In this instance, the farmer pays for the             information on organic crop rotations and organic
   “Demand has been noticeably impacted by the             hauling. Generally, the buyer pays for cleaning, and             management practices, Brummond may be contacted
downturn in the general economy,” Swenson said.            the pricing is based on quantity after cleaning.                 by e-mail at bradley.brummond@ndsu.edu or by
“The price of organic feed grain dropped significantly         The crop rotation must provide fertility and                 phone at 701-284-6624.

Page 3                                                                          www.ndfu.org                                                                        February 2010
Union Farmer                                                                                                                                                        Energy
Perennial energy crops: opportunities to strengthen
north Dakota’s agriculture, energy and natural resources
          By Karen Kreil
           North Dakota
      Natural Resources Trust
   North Dakota is one of the top-
ranked states in potential for perennial
energy crops, especially prairie grasses.
In addition to fuel, electric power and
thermal energy, many other useful and
potentially more profitable products
can be produced from perennial energy
crops, including a host of chemicals
such as plastic, solvents, adhesives,
fatty acids, organic acids, paints, dyes,
inks, detergents and more. Perennial
energy crops and the products produced
from them could help diversify North
Dakota’s rural economy, increase
agricultural       producers’     profits,
strengthen traditional energy and
conserve natural resources.
   Growing        perennial     dedicated
energy crops could benefit agricultural
producers by providing additional
income through carbon credits,
lowering risk associated with growing
annual crops, reducing herbicide
and fertilizer costs associated with
growing annual crops, diversifying
rural agriculture and energy industries,
                                                                                                                                        North Dakota National Resources Trust
and creating jobs and economic
development.         Perennial     energy    Paul Nyren of the NDSU Research Center operates a biomass harvester during a study of biomass plots at the
crops provide an excellent option for        Streeter Experiment Station.
agriculture producers with expired
Conservation Reserve Program acres           for soil, and serve as large storehouses     species, harvest methods, chemical           Mowing weeds can be used in place of
or with marginal or saline cropland.         for carbon, helping to limit climate         composition and yield of harvested           herbicides.
   Perennial energy crops established        change;                                      biomass, best practices to maintain             A study of prairie grasses and
on marginal or saline cropland could            • jobs associated with meat, milk,        productive perennial biomass stands,         legumes for energy crops in Minnesota
provide nesting and brood-rearing            wool and leather products;                   and soil quality, including carbon           found several advantages of growing
habitat for migratory and resident birds        • built the soils that are now cropland   sequestration. Funding for the study         a higher diversity of prairie plants for
and cover for other wildlife. The focus      and that produce many of our food            is being provided by the North Dakota        energy compared to monocultures:
of dedicated energy crops is currently                                                    Industrial Commission’s Renewable               • requires less input of fertilizers and
                                             grains such as wheat, corn, rice, millet
on perennial prairie grasses and forbs,                                                   Energy Council and Natural Resources         other chemicals;
                                             and sorghum; and
and these plants reduce soil erosion                                                      Conservation Service.                           • provides more usable energy;
                                                • important habitat for many wildlife
and improve water and wetland quality.                                                       The biomass study plots are located          • results in greater greenhouse gas
                                             species, including grassland birds
Carbon sequestration is higher in soils                                                   at NDSU Experiment Station Centers at        reductions;
                                             whose populations are declining.
planted to perennial plants than in soils                                                 Carrington, Streeter, Minot, Williston,         • produces yields that were 238
                                                Before agriculture producers will
planted to traditional crops and managed                                                  Hettinger and at the Agricultural            percent greater after a decade;
                                             grow perennial energy crops and
with no-till systems. Dedicated energy                                                    Research Service lab south of                   • can be grown on marginal
crops used to produce fuel would be          companies will build conversion plants       Mandan. The plots will be evaluated          cropland, avoiding the need to displace
harvested after the first frost, avoiding    or biorefineries, we need to better          over a 10-year period to capture             food production or convert important
the primary nesting season of April 1        understand the extent to which the           climatic variability and to detect any       wildlife habitat, especially prairie
to Aug. 1.                                   opportunities of perennial energy crops      soil changes. NDSU has collected             grasslands; and
   Despite all the benefits of perennial     can be realized. Two studies provide         information on biomass harvested in             • competes better with weeds.
energy crops, conversion of native           some of the information needed, and          2007-09, which yielded the following
prairie grasslands to cropland for           are discussed below.                         insight for producers:                       “Feasibility Study of a
perennial crop production would be                                                           • switchgrass seeded at the               Biomass Supply for the
detrimental. Prairie grasslands supply
                                             “Evaluation of Perennial                     Carrington station has had the highest
goods and services for people and            Grasses in North Dakota”                     yields of any of the plots, with a three-    Spiritwood Industrial Park”
wildlife, including:                                                                      year average of 5.14 tons per acre;
                                                The North Dakota Natural Resources                                                        Great River Energy is building a
   • primary source of genetic                                                               • switchgrass needs more moisture
                                             Trust and North Dakota State University,                                                  combined heat and power plant at the
resources for improving our crops                                                         to grow than wheatgrass species; and
                                             in cooperation with a unique group                                                        Spiritwood Industrial Park located
and for increasing the number of                                                             • adding legumes for nitrogen
                                             of partners, are conducting a study          appears to lessen the need for fertilizer.   east of Jamestown. A feasibility study
                                             to evaluate the potential of perennial       However, legumes are broadleaf plants,       was completed because of Great River
   • forage for livestock;
                                             energy crops. The study will provide         and herbicides used to control weeds         Energy’s interest in co-firing a 10
   • cycle water and nutrients, build
and maintain stabilization mechanisms        information on appropriate grass             would be detrimental to legumes.                                Continued on page 5

February 2010                                                                   www.ndfu.org                                                                            Page 4
Climate Change                                                                                                                          Union Farmer
Carlson speaks about climate change to nDSU students
             By Kayla Pulvermacher
           NDFU Legislative Specialist
   FARGO — On Feb. 11, North Dakota Farmers
Union President Robert Carlson spoke to North
Dakota State University students about the effects of
climate change on agricultural production.
   “No sector is more affected by climate change
than agriculture,” Carlson said. “By 2050, the world’s
population will increase to 9 billion people. So we
have two challenges ahead of us: feeding 3 billion
more people and doing so with the effects of climate
   Carlson’s presentation was part of National Teach-
In on Global Warming Solutions Day, a national event
held across the country to talk about the solutions for
global warming after December’s United Nations
Climate Change Conference in Copenhagen and
progress that the United States hopes to see in the
coming year. NDSU joined 1,100 colleges in all 50          NDFU President Robert Carlson speaks to a group of NDSU students on Feb. 11 in Fargo as part of
states holding similar events.                             National Teach-In on Global Warming Solutions Day.

USDA to measure ag industry’s financial health
                                                           data that will help shape the policies, programs and       household characteristics.
                                                           issues that affect them.                                      “Farm organizations, the U.S. Department of
                                                              “ARMS asks a small but representative sample of         Agriculture, other government agencies, members
                                                           farmers about their operations in order to understand      of Congress, and state and local officials use the
                                                           the current financial state of U.S. agriculture,” said     collective information from ARMS to answer
                                                           Darin Jantzi, director of the NASS North Dakota            questions and make important decisions concerning
                                                           Field Office. “Participation in ARMS is so important       the economic viability of American agriculture, the
                                                           because government and agricultural leaders use the        rural economy and other emerging issues,” Jantzi
                                                           information needed to make sound decisions that            said.
                                                           impact the future of farmers, their families, their           As with all NASS surveys, information provided by
                                                           businesses and their communities.”                         respondents is confidential by law. NASS safeguards
                                                              The survey will be conducted between February           the confidentiality of all responses, ensuring no
   Starting in February, the U.S. Department of            and the middle of April. In an effort to obtain the        individual respondent or operation can be identified.
Agriculture’s National Agricultural Statistics Service     most accurate data, NASS will reach out to nearly             The economic data gathered in ARMS will be
will conduct its Agricultural Resource Management          35,000 producers nationwide, including 722 in North        published in the annual Farm Production Expenditures
Survey. This survey will provide farmers and ranchers      Dakota. Producers will be asked to provide data on         report on Aug. 3. All NASS reports are available
with an opportunity to provide accurate, real-world        their operating expenditures, production costs and         online at www.nass.usda.gov.

Continued from page 4
percent biomass mixture along with coal. Great River       model developed by NDSU. The producer economic             life and rural economies are intertwined, and there
Energy can co-fire with biomass only if a sustainable      model software allows prospective biomass producers        are opportunities to strengthen North Dakota’s
biomass supply can be provided. The power plant,           to compare various crop scenarios to conventional          best attributes through perennial energy crops. To
the first of its kind in the state, is scheduled to be     choices.                                                   realize the potential of perennial energy crops will
operational in October 2010 and will generate two             The Spiritwood feasibility study concluded that:        require proper planning, use of incentives and an
primary products, electricity and steam. The adjacent         • with estimated delivery cost of biomass at $40 to     economic model that works. The North Dakota
Cargill malting operation will purchase the waste          $80 per dry ton, biomass co-firing can be cost effective   Natural Resources Trust will continue to work with
steam to offset natural gas needs. This purchase, in       at carbon dioxide costs above $25 per metric tonne;        its conservation, agriculture and energy partners in
turn, brings down the cost of power for the company,          • new opportunities will be created to grow,            trying to take advantage of available opportunities.
allowing Great River Energy to efficiently generate        harvest, collect, transport, process and deliver               Spiritwood feasibility study and perennial biomass
cost-competitive power and steam. The additional of a      biomass feedstocks; and                                    crop study partners include Great River Energy; North
                                                                                                                      Dakota Industrial Commission, Renewable Energy
second steam host could help the power plant achieve          • biomass can be used to reduce greenhouse gas
                                                                                                                      Council; North Dakota Farmers Union; North Dakota
a virtual doubling of efficiency. Great River Energy       emissions at a utility-scale power plant without
                                                                                                                      State University; University of North Dakota, Energy
and Inbicon are proposing a cellulosic biorefinery at      substantially raising the price of electricity for
                                                                                                                      and Environmental Research Center; Great Plains
Spiritwood Industrial Park that would be the second        customers.
                                                                                                                      Institute; North Dakota Association of Rural Electric
steam host.                                                   Agricultural producers also expressed interest in       Cooperatives; North Dakota Natural Resources Trust;
   A critical aspect of the Spiritwood feasibility study   growing energy crops for the power plant.                  North Dakota Department of Agriculture; Joyce
was gaining input from area agriculture producers on          More information about the Spiritwood project           Foundation; The Nature Conservancy; North Dakota
how supplying biomass might fit into their farming         and a copy of the study can be found at www.               Game and Fish Department; Natural Resources
or ranching operation. The Spiritwood feasibility          greatriverenergy.com/makingelectricty/newprojects/         Conservation Service; United States Department
study report discusses responses to various issues,        spiritwoodstation.html.                                    of Agriculture, Agriculture Research Service,
including an entity to coordinate biomass supply,             The North Dakota Natural Resources Trust’s              Northern Great Plains Lab; and Jamestown/Stutsman
contract considerations and a producer economic            perspective is that natural resources, quality of          Development Corp.

Page 5                                                                        www.ndfu.org                                                              February 2010
Union Farmer                                                                                                                                            News Briefs
Ag producers’ income tax                                       • Crop insurance proceeds, if received in 2009,
                                                           may be deferred to 2010 if you qualify. You must
                                                                                                                       of Commerce will grant up to $5,000 per pump and
                                                                                                                       $40,000 per retail station for the installation of new

filing deadline is March 1
                                                           use cash accounting and show that, under normal             blender pumps. The North Dakota Corn Growers
                                                           business practices, the sale of damaged crops would         Association and Corn Utilization Council have also
                                                           occur in a future tax year. Producers with Revenue          allocated $500,000, providing an additional $2,500
   As tax return preparation gets under way,               Assurance or Crop Revenue Coverage may receive              per pump for operators installing ethanol blender
agricultural producers need to take a close look at        an indemnity because of price declines and/or yield         pumps. The funds will be issued as a cost-share
some tax preparation items. Staying up to date on          losses. Indemnities from price declines are not             measure, covering a portion of the installation of the
these items will help producers prepare their returns      deferrable. If it is not line-itemized from the insurance   blender pumps, which can cost an average of $25,000
accurately.                                                company, contact the company to find out what part          each.
   “The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act             of the indemnity is from a price decline and what part         Biofuels blender pumps allow operators to offer
of 2009 passed by Congress has extended some               is from a yield loss.                                       several different fuel blends. An ethanol blender
provisions, added some and modified others,”                   • A livestock deferral can be made by those who         pump, for example, allows an operator to offer blends
said Ron Haugen, North Dakota State University             had a forced sale of livestock because of a weather-        of fuel ranging from straight gasoline to E85, with
Extension Service farm economist.                          related disaster. Two methods can be used. In the           mixes such as E30 in between.
   Items to note for 2009 income tax preparation:          first method, income can be deferred to the next               “Making renewable fuels more available is an
   • Producers have until March 1 to file their returns    year for all types of livestock sold prematurely. In        important component of achieving greater long-term
without penalty. If they made an estimated tax                                                                         energy independence,” Gov. John Hoeven said during
                                                           the second method, income from livestock held for
payment by Jan. 15, they have until April 15 to file.                                                                  the launch of the program in October 2009. “This
                                                           draft, breeding or dairy purposes is not taxed if like-
   • For 2009 only, new agricultural equipment                                                                         initiative will equip retailers to sell traditional and
                                                           kind animals are purchased within four years (or
(except grain bins and land improvements) can be                                                                       renewable fuels together and provide consumers with
                                                           more depending on weather conditions or disaster
depreciated during a five-year recovery period instead                                                                 more options.”
                                                           declarations) from the end of the tax year in which
of seven years. The 150 percent declining balance                                                                         North Dakota Ethanol Producers Association
                                                           the animals were sold. Only the gain on the sale of         President Randy Schneider said the program will help
method of depreciation must be used. Used equipment        those animals beyond what was normally sold would
purchased in 2009 continues as seven-year property.                                                                    deliver renewable fuels to the state’s 29,000 flexible
                                                           qualify for postponement.                                   fuel vehicles and could generate sales of an additional
   • The 179 expense election remains at $250,000.             • The domestic production deduction is 6 percent.
Generally, the 179 expense election allows producers                                                                   11 million gallons of ethanol with the new E30 blend.
                                                           It can be claimed as an adjustment against gross               Retailers interested in the program can find
to deduct up to $250,000 of machinery or equipment         income. Generally, agricultural producers who grow          program information and applications at www.
purchases for the year of the purchase. There is a         and produce grain or livestock and have hired labor         blenderpumps.nd.gov. Projects must be completed
dollar-for-dollar phase-out for purchases of more          qualify for the deduction. It is limited to 50 percent      and reimbursements requested by Oct. 31. For more
than $800,000. It is scheduled to revert to $134,000 in    of the wages paid by the producer. Producers may            information, contact Andrea Holl Pfennig at the North
2010.                                                      have received a notice from cooperatives with which         Dakota Department of Commerce at 701-328-5300.
   • The additional first-year bonus depreciation          they do business. The IRS has determined that sales
provision is in effect. It is equal to 50 percent of the
adjusted basis after 179 expensing. It only applies to
new property purchased in 2009 and has a recovery
                                                           to certain cooperatives must be reclassified. Sales
                                                           from these cooperatives and the expenses associated         Crop, pest management
period of 20 years or less. You must elect not to use
this provision.
                                                           with those sales cannot be included in the domestic
                                                           production calculation.                                     school set for March
                                                               • Remember that farmers can elect to compute
   • The standard deduction has increased to $11,400       their current tax liability by averaging, during a three-      The North Dakota State University Extension
for those who are married and filing jointly. The          year period, all or part of the current year elected        Service will hold its 2010 Western Crop and Pest
deduction is $5,700 for singles.                           farm income. This is done on Schedule J. North              Management School on March 17-18 at the Holiday
   • The personal exemption amount has increased to        Dakota farmers who elect to use income averaging            Inn Riverside in Minot. This workshop is designed
$3,650.                                                    (Schedule J) for federal purposes also may use Form         to help crop advisers, farmers and other agricultural
   • Qualified dividend income is taxed at a 0 percent     ND-1FA, income averaging for North Dakota income            decision makers hone their skills and obtain the latest
rate for individuals in the 10 percent or 15 percent       tax calculations.                                           information on integrated pest management and crop
tax brackets and at 15 percent for those in higher tax         Information on agricultural tax topics can be           production.
brackets.                                                  found in the “Farmers Tax Guide,” publication 225.             Scott Day, research farm manager for Manitoba
   • Long-term capital gains are taxed at a 0 percent      It is available at any IRS office or can be ordered by      Agriculture, Food and Rural Initiatives, will give a
rate for individuals in the 10 percent or 15 percent       calling 800-829-3676. Any questions about these             presentation titled “Agronomy Lessons Learned from
tax brackets and at 15 percent for those in higher tax     topics should be addressed to your tax professional         Around the Globe.” Dave Franzen, NDSU Extension
brackets.                                                  or the IRS at 800-829-1040 or www.irs.gov. Call the         soils specialist, will explain the new fertilizer
   • The child tax credit is $1,000 for each qualifying    North Dakota Tax Department at 800-638-2901 or              recommendations for durum and hard red spring
child.                                                     go to www.nd.gov/tax for answers to North Dakota            wheat.
   • The annual IRA contribution for 2009 is $5,000        income tax questions.                                          Other speakers include Blake Vander Vorst,
($6,000 for individuals 50 or older).                                                                                  manager of agronomy programs for Ducks Unlimited,
   • The annual gift tax exclusion is $13,000.                                                                         and NDSU specialists in agronomy, entomology,
   • The 2009 Social Security wage base is $106,800.
   • The business mileage rate for 2009 is 55 cents
                                                           Blender pump incentives                                     plant diseases, soils and weed science.
                                                                                                                          The registration fee is $150, which includes two
per mile.
   • A new deduction is the sales tax deduction for
                                                           still available                                             lunches, refreshments and educational materials.
                                                                                                                       School organizers recommend that anyone who wants
new vehicles purchased after Feb. 17, 2009.                   A $2 million biofuels blender pump incentive             to attend this program should register early to reserve
   • The HOPE education credit has been enhanced.          program that was launched in October is still active,       a place. To register online, go to www.ag.ndsu.edu/
The credit has increased from $1,800 to $2,500 and         with an Oct. 31 deadline for applications. Approved         extplantpath. The registration deadline is Feb. 23 or
the eligibility has been extended from two to four         by the 2009 Legislature and operated by the North           when the class is full.
years of college. The book costs also are included.        Dakota Department of Commerce, the program                     Continuing education credits are available for
   • The new residential energy property credit is         provides cost-share grants for operators who install        certified crop advisers.
30 percent of the qualifying improvements up to an         ethanol and biodiesel blender pumps.                           For further information, contact Jeremy Pederson,
aggregate credit of $1,500 for 2009 and 2010. The             With an eye toward encouraging retailers to upgrade      area Extension cropping systems specialist at NDSU’s
residential alternative energy credit is 30 percent of     equipment to allow for the sale of more biofuels that       North Central Research Extension Center in Minot, at
qualifying construction expenses through 2016.             are being produced within the state, the Department         701-857-7682 or jeremy.pederson@ndsu.edu.

February 2010                                                                  www.ndfu.org                                                                          Page 6
Family Events                                                                                                                           Union Farmer
Family fun for emmons County Farmers Union
old-fashioned outdoor family fun was
on the docket at the Emmons County
Farmers Union Fishing Derby and
Winter Fun Day on Feb. 6. About 85
people traveled to Rice Lake south
of Strasburg to participate in a day of
outdoor activities. Although the fish
were not biting, kids and adults had a
great time playing outdoors.
   Many parents commented about
how it was nice to see kids and parents
spending time together, away from all
the electronics and distractions that
normally keep them occupied indoors.
Kids loved being out in the snow,
sledding and having snowball fights.
The horse-drawn sleigh ride was a new
adventure that families enjoyed.
   The aroma of hotdogs grilling in
mid-winter and the warmth of hot
cocoa were a hit among those who                                                                                                            Terri Lang, NDFU Outreach Staff
gathered for lunch at the Don Eberle
farm.                                        Patrick Vetter of Bismarck guides a sleigh full of Emmons County youth on a horse-drawn sleigh ride Feb. 6 at the
   The day’s activities came to a            Emmons County Farmers Union Fishing Derby and Winter Fun Day.
close with a drawing for prizes. Heidi
Jacob won the grand prize, a $50             Co. and Farmers Union Insurance.                Union Outreach Staff Terri Lang was     she said.
fishing tackle box from Scheels. Other       Emmons County Farmers Union also                on hand to recognize the county’s          Darius Eberle and Don Eberle,
business providing prizes included           presented each participating child with         youth and encourage them to join the    Emmons County Farmers Union board
Kimble’s Guns & Repair, Dakota Bait          an ice fishing rod.                             youth program. “Farmers Union has       members who organized the event,
and Tackle, the North Dakota Game and           Although Emmons County Youth                 an amazing program, and I really hope   thanked everyone who brought their
Fish Department, Keller’s Hardware           Director Bonnie Mavity was unable to            you can all come to our summer day      families to enjoy the day and to all the
Hank, Hazelton Farmers Union Oil             attend the event, North Dakota Farmers          class and sign up for summer camps,”    businesses who provided prizes.

 From left, Adam Hulm, Thomas Schaefbauer and                             A snowball fight broke out,                          Sledding and snowboarding
Brady Tougass try their luck at catching a whopper.                    with the boys taking on the girls.                       was a big hit at the event.

                            January Production Leaders
                            Farmers Union agents are on the job, serving policyholders in
                            communities across North Dakota. They offer insurance coverage
                            for your family, your farm and your business.

          aUTo                           FUmi                             FUmi
      Shane Lebahn                    Pers. Lines                      Comm. Lines
       West Fargo                     Larry Exner                       Brad Greff                                Farmers Union Insurance sponsors many
                                       LaMoure                             Mott                                      sporting activities within the state

Page 7                                                                             www.ndfu.org                                                          February 2010
Union Farmer                                                                                                                           Young Producers

Young producers enjoy                                                                                                           Farm Rescue
Grand Forks get-together                                                                                                        accepted
                                                                                                                                    Farm families in need of crop
                                                                                                                                planting assistance this spring
                                                                                                                                should apply now for help through
                                                                                                                                Farm Rescue.
                                                                                                                                    The nonprofit organization
                                                                                                                                is currently accepting planting
                                                                                                                                requests from farmers in North
                                                                                                                                Dakota, South Dakota, western
                                                                                                                                Minnesota and eastern Montana.
                                                                                                                                Farm Rescue provides planting
                                                                                                                                and harvesting assistance to farm
                                                                                                                                families that have experienced
                                                                                                                                a major illness, injury or natural
                                                                                                                                    “Last year, Farm Rescue assisted
                                                                                                                                its 100th farm family, which was an
                                                                                                                                important milestone for our young
                                                                                                                                organization,” said Pam Musland,
                                                                                                                                Farm Rescue director of operations.
                                                                                                                                “Overall, we were able to plant and
                                                                                                                                harvest crops for 34 farm families
                                                                                                                                in the region.”
                                                                                                                                    The organization’s funding
                                                                                                                                is limited, Musland said, so it
                                                                                                                                is important that farmers apply
                                                                                                                                early to receive top consideration.
                                                                                                                                Families assisted are selected
                                                                                                                                based on a number of factors,
                                                                                                                                including extent of need, farm
                                                                                                                                size, farm viability, and geographic
NDFU members enjoy the view of the University of North Dakota versus Denver University hockey game from their                   location for moving equipment
seats at the Ralph Engelstad Arena in Grand Forks on Jan. 30.                                                                   and volunteers in a timely manner.
                                                                                                                                Applications postmarked by March
    GRAND FORKS — The northeast                The event proved to be quite the       VIP treatment at a hockey game had        31 receive priority consideration.
corner of North Dakota in January           draw, filling up in less than a week      something to do with it, too.”                Each family may receive up
might not seem like the perfect place       with a waiting list long enough to fill      The verdict? “You can expect that      to 1,000 acres planted free of
for a winter getaway, but 36 young          the event again — and then some.          we will do more similar events in the     charge. Since 2006, Farm Rescue
producers from across the state             “I guess that shows how interested        future, but I would urge people to sign   has assisted farm families that
gathered in Grand Forks on Jan. 30-         young farmers and ranchers are in         up quickly and not miss out on this       experienced hardships ranging
31 for North Dakota Farmers Union’s         Farmers Union,” Kramer said. “I guess     excellent opportunity,” he said.          from open heart surgery and cancer
Young Producer “Get-Together.”                                                                                                  treatment to severed limbs, overland
    The group got together for an                                                                                               flooding and tornado destruction.
afternoon of education and networking,                                                                                              “Our mission is to help farmers
followed by an evening of VIP treatment                                                                                         through an unexpected crisis in
at the Ralph Engelstad Arena, where                                                                                             their lives,” Musland said. “Our
the University of North Dakota hosted                                                                                           work wouldn’t be possible without
Denver University.
                                                                                                                                a terrific volunteer labor force, and
    “The Young Producer ‘Get-
                                                                                                                                the many individuals and businesses
Together’ was a lot of fun and a huge
success,” NDFU Member Development                                                                                               that support Farm Rescue.”
Specialist Josh Kramer said. “It is                                                                                                 Farm Rescue has more than 100
always great to get a group of young,                                                                                           sponsors, including North Dakota
committed farmers and ranchers                                                                                                  Farmers Union, RDO Equipment
together to talk about the importance of                                                                                        Co., Bremer Bank and Walmart.
participating in Farmers Union and to                                                                                               For an application or more
have fun while doing it.”                                                                                                       information, call 701-252-2017 or
    “We had a fantastic time on the                                                                                             go to http://farmrescue.org.
Young Producer trip,” said Jan
Engstrom, who farms with her husband
Terry near Leeds. “It was a top-notch
trip at a great price. It was educational
and fun. We would definitely go on a        Bryan and Trisha Boyeff take part in an educational session at the NDFU
Farmers Union trip again.”                  Young Producer “Get-Together” on Jan. 30 in Grand Forks.

February 2010                                                               www.ndfu.org                                                                     Page 8
Active Producers                                                                                                                Union Farmer
Big turnout for active producers event

Enjoying the evening were Morton County Farmers Union members, from left, Dawn and Rick Rohne and Justin and Maren Gerhardt

                                                       MANDAN — It wasn’t an illusion. Eight-one               bluegrass group Cottonwood entertained the Farmers
                                                    active producers from Morton, Grant and Sioux              Union members.
                                                    counties were on hand to witness a spectacle at the           The event was sponsored by Farmers Union of
                                                    Mysteria Theater in Mandan for an Active Producers         Morton, Grant and Sioux counties.
                                                    event. The big turnout had the theater bursting at its        The historic Mysteria Theater, originally
                                                    seams.                                                     constructed in the early 1900s (by the same company
                                                       The crowd enjoyed a steak dinner before being           that built the North Dakota Capitol), has been
                                                    treated to a show by illusionist Scott McFall. Following   redesigned by Sandi McFall. It originally served the
                                                    the flame juggling, levitation and disappearing doves,     community by showing early Hollywood films.

Illusionist Scott McFall, with the help of Morton
County Farmers Union President Jim Hopfauf,
performs one of his many illusions.

Enjoying the evening were Farmers Union
members from Morton, Grant and Sioux counties.      The Mysteria Theater in Mandan is designed to give the customers a 1920s - 1940s Las Vegas feel.

Page 9                                                                 www.ndfu.org                                                             February 2010
Union Farmer                                                                                                                                                     Drake
Continued from page 1
an important gap in services to the community is no
small feat. Thirty years ago, it wasn’t a sure thing
that the Farmers Union Oil Co. store at Drake would
remain open itself. “This store was within two months
of closing in the early ’80s,” North Dakota Farmers
Union Agricultural Strategist Mark Watne said. “Now
today, it’s going to be a thriving business.”
    The success of the Farmers Union Oil Co. of
Velva, Butte, Drake and Martin’s new store in Drake
is an example of how the cooperative business model
in North Dakota continues to successfully serve
the needs of rural communities and agriculture.
Supporting member-owned cooperatives allows the
local community to retain the value it produces, giving
back to the community with products and services
that would not be otherwise provided. In addition, a
successful cooperative generates profits, which are
returned to its patrons to be spent again within the

           The interior of the Farmers Union Oil Co. store in Drake has been completely remodeled, with a bright new look and a hot food counter.

Health care forum draws 30 in Jamestown
                                                                                                                   which resulted in bankruptcy. He had to end his work
                                                                                                                   on the farm and take an office job in order to qualify
                                                                                                                   for health insurance due to his pre-existing condition.
                                                                                                                   An Iraq war veteran discussed how government-run
                                                                                                                   health care has benefited his family. A young woman
                                                                                                                   shared her story, telling how she developed a chronic
                                                                                                                   illness at 14 years old and how she’s been unable to get
                                                                                                                   health insurance because of a pre-existing condition.
                                                                                                                   “People have been fighting for health care reform for
                                                                                                                   25 years,” one panelist said. “How bad is it going to
                                                                                                                   have to get before anything is done?”
NDFU President Robert Carlson speaks out about health care reform at a forum in Jamestown recently.                    Janice Chaney represented American Association
                                                                                                                   of Retired Persons, speaking out against some false
              By Jessica Haak                                                                                      attacks on health care reform that have been on radio
       NDFU Communications Specialist                     benefits of group plans — a scenario faced by many       and television ads. “None of the bills being considered
                                                          independent producers. When her husband decided          in Congress would cut guaranteed benefits [that] 45
   JAMESTOWN — A crowd of about 30 people                 to focus on farming full-time, the couple was denied     million seniors depend on,” she said. According to
gathered Jan. 21 to hear ordinary people speak out        health insurance because she had surgery for a           Chaney, people on Medicare see nearly 30 percent of
about why health care reform is needed. Held at the       detached retina, a pre-existing condition.               their income go to out-of-pocket expenses. She also
Buffalo Mall in Jamestown and moderated by North             Linderman finally contacted Sen. Byron Dorgan,        said North Dakota faces a unique situation, with a
Dakota Farmers Union President Robert Carlson, the        D-N.D., for help in getting the insurance company to     workforce that makes up one-third of the population.
health care forum featured seven participants who         reverse its decision.                                    The state cannot afford to lose that many workers, and
told their personal stories, demonstrating varying           “The country’s health care system is broken           it isn’t helpful when insurance companies penalize
difficulties with the current health care system.         and needs to be reformed,” Linderman said. “Sixty        group plans that include older workers, causing
   Among the forum participants was NDFU                  percent of bankruptcies are due to medial expenses.      enormous costs to employers in the state.
District VI Director Ellen Linderman, Carrington,         Health insurance costs have increased 90 percent in          The Rev. Susan Lester said that people of faith
who has been fighting for health care reform for          the last 10 years and show no signs of slowing. Forty-   should see health care for all as a moral imperative,
three decades. Her personal interactions with health      five percent of farmers in North Dakota purchase         with the Christian belief that health care is a basic
insurance companies have been unsatisfactory, with        individual health insurance, which have high             right and that every citizen has the right to equal
the difficulties growing throughout the years.            deductibles and co-pays.”                                access to high-quality health care. She ended the
   As an independent producer, Linderman and                 Other participants included a middle-age man          forum with a quote from Martin Luther King Jr.: “Of
her husband had to purchase health insurance on           who, as a young farmer, was unable to afford health      all the inequalities, injustice in health care is the most
their own, which prevented them from enjoying the         insurance and developed a life-threatening disease,      shocking and inhumane.”

February 2010                                                               www.ndfu.org                                                                         Page 10
Commentary                                                                                                                               Union Farmer
oh, to be a           Farmers have a stake
meatpacking executive in the health care debate
                                By alan Guebert                                                                       By Daryll e. ray
                            The Farm and Food File                                               University of Tennessee Agriculture Policy Analysis Center

                                                          Rare is the new year that         The issue of universal — or near-universal — health care has been in the news
                                                       begins without me wondering       for much of the last year as the Obama administration has been seeking to fulfill
                                                       how I took a wrong turn on        a promise made on the campaign trail. The senatorial election in Massachusetts,
                                                       the road of life and became       the State of the Union message, and the discussion between the president and the
                                                       a writer rather than a highly     Republicans in Congress has forced a re-evaluation of how far health care reform
                                                       paid, universally respected,      should go and what measures should be taken.
                                                       heaven-bound meatpacking             While health care issues take center stage about once every 20 years, it is an
                                                       executive.                        issue that we hear farmers talk about year-in and year-out. For many farmers, the
                                                          Of course, it wasn’t my        concern is not universal coverage, it is their coverage and the coverage of their
                                                       fault — my farming parents        children who have come back to the farm or might be considering a return to
                                                       bear complete responsibility.     farming.
                                                          I mention this great              The ongoing concern on the part of farmers caused us to think about the stake
                                                       shortcoming on their              that farmers have in the current debate.
                                                       otherwise loving and/or              Some farmers or their spouses work for an employer who offers group
                                                       giving part because of the        health care coverage as part of employment. At times, health care coverage is
                                                       Dec. 23 new that “Leland          the primary reason for seeking off-farm employment and staying with it until
                                                       Tollett, who left retirement to   Medicare kicks in.
                                                       lead Tyson Foods Inc. out of         The advantage of these employer-offered group plans is that they don’t require
an industry downturn, earned $533,459 as the company’s interim CEO in 2009,              a health examination and general have a limited period of exclusion for pre-
according to an Associated Press calculation of figures filed with regulators.”          existing conditions as long as the plan is signed up for within a specified time
   Mom, Dad: I could’ve been that guy. I could’ve been a poultry pooh bah. Why           limit, often 90 days, from the date of employment.
didn’t you mention the enormous salary to be made running chicken pluckers                  Farmers who don’t have access to one of these plans face challenges in finding
rather than make me pluck running chickens?                                              an affordable health care plan. To start with, farmers — and others without access
   Obviously, you were too busy sharing all your attention and affection among           to an employer-sponsored plan — find themselves buying a single (as opposed
the six of us children that you didn’t have time to pick just one — like me — to         to a group) plan for themselves and their family. These plans almost always cost
succeed in an honorable profession such as meatpacking.                                  more than group plans for similar coverage.
   Your short-sightedness, however, has led me to great despair and will likely             The overhead expenses, like advertising and sales commissions, take up a
lead to even greater despair in my retirement — if I’m ever able to retire.              greater portion of the health care premium for single plans than they do for group
                                                                                         policies. In addition, a single purchaser does not have the same bargaining power
   The reason, reports the AP, is plain: “Tollett, 72 ... will receive $300,000 a
                                                                                         as a large employer with hundreds or thousands of potential policyholders.
year to consult with the company until his death, according to documents filed
                                                                                            Even when farmers purchase health care coverage through a plan offered by
Tuesday with the Securities and Exchange Commission. If he dies within the first
                                                                                         their farm organization or other intermediary, they face higher costs because, on
10 years of the agreement, the payments will be made to his estate, guaranteeing
                                                                                         average, farmers are older than the population as a whole and require more health
$3 million.”
                                                                                         care services. In addition, they may face higher costs because farming is a more
   Three million smackers, dead or alive. You have Social Security, Medicare and
                                                                                         hazardous occupation than working in an office or even on a factory floor.
my once-a-month telephone call. I have nothing. No one is dropping $300,000 a               As a result of these higher costs, we have observed that younger farmers tend
year into my 401k for just breathing.                                                    to take the chance on going without coverage until they begin to raise a family or
   Or, as the case may be, not breathing.                                                are faced with a serious illness. When they try to purchase insurance at that point,
   Think of it. Farmers and ranchers who send their chickens, cattle and hogs            they are faced not only with higher premiums, they find that a variety of pre-
to Tyson from now through Jan. 1, 2020, could be supporting me, vertical or              existing conditions are excluded from their coverage.
horizontal, in the style I easily would have grown accustomed to.                           In an attempt to make the health care premiums affordable, farmers often end
   All you had to do 40 years ago was pull me aside at the swimming pool/                up buying policies with very high deductibles. As a result, they may avoid getting
Holstein watering hole and give me the three obvious keys to an almost certain           routine health care unless the problems become serious or life-threatening.
golden future: “Dark meat, white meat, the other white meat.”                               Farmers and others living in rural areas discover that the choice of health
   But, no. You tied me to a herringbone milking parlor and filled me with tired         care plans is more limited than in urban communities or areas adjacent to these
truisms about the “dignity of hard work” and “honest pay for honest work,” when          communities. In general, the fewer the competitors, the higher the price for
the really wonderful parents were teaching their children about collateralized debt      comparable policies.
obligations and packer contracts.                                                           Health care coverage also can impact the decision of a child to remain on or
   Don’t say you were too busy with 100 dairy cows, 700 acres, six kids, four            return to the farm after a period of further education. These children are often
hired men and an old uncle that missed the rise of the corporate cow, sow and            willing to accept lower and more variable disposable income than they might
plow. I’m sure the Tolletts and Tysons were busy, too, but they didn’t miss the big      experience from a job in an urban area. But the issue that can tilt the decision
money train that high-balled past their farms, did they?                                 is not income; it is health care coverage. If they take a job in the city, they can
   My biggest sorrow, however, is that unlike on the farm, I wouldn’t have had           receive health insurance for themselves and their family through their employer at
to be even close to good to pack away tons of dough as a packer. Golly. “For the         a more affordable cost.
year, Tyson lost $537 million, or $1.44 per share, compared with a profit of $86            As we listen to farmers and the national debate, it is clear that health care
million, or 24 cents per share, the year before.”                                        delivery problems have been identified across the political spectrum. The
   Holy dead cow. This guy Tollett “earned” $1,000 for every million dollars in          differences lie in the means that should be used to address those problems.
shareholder money he lost, and then drilled those happy fools for another three             What is also clear is that under the status quo or new legislation affecting
million bones over the next 10 years for “consulting.”                                   health care issues, farmers are greatly impacted — often disproportionately — by
   See why I’m depressed? I mean, the guy lost a half-billion bucks in less              private rules and public regulations affecting health care delivery.
than 10 months for his company and now he’s the $3 million man for the same                 (Daryll E. Ray holds the Blasingame Chair of Excellence in Agricultural
company.                                                                                 Policy, Institute of Agriculture, University of Tennessee, and is the Director
   I could’ve done that job!                                                             of UT’s Agricultural Policy Analysis Center. Ray’s column is written with the
   Oh woe is me. Woe, woe is me.                                                         research and assistance of Harwood D. Schaffer, Research Associate with APAC.)

Page 11                                                                         www.ndfu.org                                                             February 2010
Union Farmer                                                                                                                                      Livestock News
                                                                                                                      acidotic calf is predisposed to contracting scours or
                                                                                                                         • Areas suffering from frostbite should be warmed
                                                                                                                      quickly. Frostbite is the actual destruction of tissue.
                                                                                                                      To prevent permanent damage, circulation in the
                                                                                                                      affected areas needs to be restored as soon as possible.
                                                                                                                      The heat source should be about 105 to 108 degrees
                                                                                                                      Fahrenheit. Do not rub affected areas. They already
                                                                                                                      are damaged and quite fragile. As the area warms, it
                                                                                                                      will be painful. Do not let the animal rub these areas;
                                                                                                                      that only will make the situation worse. In severe
                                                                                                                      cases, analgesics (painkillers) may be indicated.
                                                                                                                      Consult your veterinarian.
                                                                                                                         Frostbite in teats and scrotums could be a problem
                                                                                                                      as well. However, frostbitten teats may be difficult to
                                                                                                                      detect. The first sign may be a thin calf. The teat end is
                                                                                                                      affected and can slough. If this happens, the sphincter
                                                                                                                      muscle of the teat may be lost. This makes mastitis a
                                                                                                                         Also, frostbite may cause an affected teat to dry
                                                                                                                      up since the cow won’t let the calf nurse. In addition,
                                                                                                                      the frostbitten teat may go unnoticed until next year.
                                                                                                                      At that time, the calf is thin, and when the cow is
                                                                                                                      examined, the teat is healed over with scar tissue.
                                                                                                                      This teat will need to be opened.
                                                                                                                         Bulls’ scrotums and testicles can suffer frostbite,

NDSU Feedlot School                                       imbalances. Animals with pre-existing conditions            too. Often these lesions go unnoticed. They can cause
                                                          (pneumonia, old age) have impaired body reserves            transitory or permanent infertility. All herd bulls
                                                                                                                      should have breeding soundness exams 45 to 60 days
                                                          and may succumb more readily to very cold and
                                                          windy conditions.                                           after the last severe cold spell. Your veterinarian can
                                                              Frostbite is the destruction of tissue in a localized   help you with these exams.
   North Dakota State University’s Carrington
                                                                                                                      Pilot project uses high-
                                                          area due to extreme cold. It is uncommon in healthy,
Research Extension Center has rescheduled its annual
                                                          well-fed and sheltered animals, but animals that are
North Dakota Feedlot School for March 2-3.
                                                          less than 48 hours old or have a pre-existing condition
   This intensive course is for cattle producers,
feeders, backgrounders, feed industry personnel,          are at the greatest risk for developing frostbite.          frequency electronic ID
animal health care suppliers and anyone else who is           The areas most likely to be injured include the
                                                          ears, tail, teats, scrotum and distal parts of the limbs,      Source and age verification in the beef industry is
interested in learning more about feedlot production,                                                                 the result of requests by consumers to know where
nutrition, waste management and marketing.                especially the hooves. Hind limbs are more likely to
                                                          be affected in cattle since the animal’s normal posture     their food is coming from.
   Topics will include feeding programs; feeds and
                                                          is to draw its front legs under the chest while the hind       Beef producers will be able to use high-frequency
animal requirements; optimizing nutrient use; carcass
                                                                                                                      electronic identification tags on their 2010 calf crop
quality; facility management; diseases, treatments        legs protrude from under the body.
                                                                                                                      as part of a pilot project by the North Dakota Beef
and health programs; feed delivery; bunk reading;             “Treating cases of hypothermia and frostbite is
                                                                                                                      Cattle Improvement Association. The NDBCIA is
waste and nutrient management; ration formulation;        often unrewarding,” Stoltenow said. “Prevention is of
                                                                                                                      initiating the project immediately.
feed additives and implanting strategies; marketing       primary importance.”
using futures and options; budgeting; custom feeding;                                                                    The project is an extension of CalfAID, a U.S.
                                                              Prevention consists of keeping the animals,
and business management. The school also will                                                                         Department of Agriculture process verified program
                                                          especially newborns, warm and dry. Windbreaks must
include a commercial feedlot tour and ultrasound                                                                      (PVP) that allows producers to source and age verify
                                                          be provided to counteract the effects of the wind chill.
demonstration.                                                                                                        their calves. The research project is a joint project
                                                              Bedding also is essential. It has two functions: It
   The registration fee is $100 per person or $150 for                                                                by the North Dakota State University Dickinson
                                                          insulates the animal from the snow and ice underneath
two people from the same operation. The deadline to                                                                   Research Extension Center and NDBCIA.
                                                          the body, preventing hypothermia and frostbite, and
register is Feb. 25. The fee does not include lodging.                                                                   “Our goal is to have 10,000 calves involved in
                                                          lowers the animal’s nutritional requirements. Bedding
   Lodging is available at the Chieftain Conference                                                                   the project,” said Kris Ringwall, NDBCIA executive
                                                          allows the animal to “snuggle” into it and lowers the       secretary and Dickinson REC director. “The
Center, 701-652-3131, or Carrington Inn and Suites,
                                                          body surface area exposed to the wind.                      investment in data processing will provide producers
                                                              “The final essential aspect of prevention is to         with a high-frequency electronic identification tag,
   For more information about the course or to
                                                          increase the amount of energy supplied in the animal’s      visual identification tag and document of record
register, contact Melanie Hesch at the NDSU
                                                          diet,” Stoltenow said.                                      regarding source and age verification.”
Extension Service’s Foster County office at 701-652-
2581 or melanie.hesch@ndsu.edu.                               He has this advice for producers with livestock            The document of record is necessary for producers
                                                          suffering from hypothermia:                                 to source and age verify their 2010 calf crop.
Watch for hypothermia,                                        • Calves with hypothermia need to be warmed
                                                          slowly. The heat source should be about 105 to 108
                                                                                                                      Marketing professionals advise that source and age
                                                                                                                      verified cattle do expand the opportunity to sell calves
frostbite in livestock                                    degrees Fahrenheit. Warmer temperatures may cause
                                                          skin burns or shock. Sources of heat include a warm
                                                                                                                      to a broader market.
                                                                                                                         In addition, producers will have an opportunity
    Hypothermia and frostbite can be harmful to           water bath, electric blanket, heat lamps or hot water       to utilize the power of the CalfAID PVP through the
livestock, especially the newborns. “Hypothermia is       bottles, plus a warming box.                                Cow Herd Appraisal Performance Software (CHAPS)
a profound drop in body temperature,” said Charlie            • Supplying an energy source to these calves            system. CHAPS helps producers with individual
Stoltenow, North Dakota State University Extension        also is essential. If the calf is newborn, colostrum        calf, cow and sire evaluations and provides herd
Service veterinarian. “Animals less than 48 hours old     should be supplied within the first six to 12 hours         recordkeeping, which are useful in herd management
or animals with a pre-existing condition or disease are   of life. Provide milk or electrolytes with an energy        decisions.
at the greatest risk for developing hypothermia.”         source such as glucose. An esophageal feeding tube             For more information or to participate in the
    Newborns often are hypoglycemic, which means          works well to supply these energy sources. Without          program, email the NDBCIA office at chaps2000@
they have low energy reserves and electrolyte             fluids, the animal becomes acidotic as it warms. An         ndsu.edu or by phone at 701-483-2348 ext. 105.

February 2010                                                                 www.ndfu.org                                                                          Page 12
Classifieds                                                                                                                                                                             Union Farmer
                                                                                               Farm eqUiPmenT                                Farm eqUiPmenT                                 VeHiCLeS
  CLaSSiFieD aDS
  Classified ad space is free and available to NDFU members. Ads
  will run one time only. (You may call or email us to request a rerun                         FOR SALE: Steiger Panther III, 325 hp.; JD    FOR SALE: 2 - 10’ 620 IH press drills,         FOR SALE: Tailgate, Luverne grill and
  of your ad.) Include your name, address & phone number and mail to:                          46 loader; IH 40’ field cultivator; feeder    dry fert., grass seeders, recond., 2 drill     Dee Zee tool box, all off 1999 Chevy
  NDFU Classifieds                                                                             mixer wagon; 34’ air seeder; 23.1-26          hitch; used parts for IH press drills: press   3/4 ton pickup, $130 ea. 824-3325, Lee
                                                                                               duals; JD front end weights off 3020.         wheels, fert. parts, etc. 667-2077 or cell     Grosz, Mott
  PO Box 2136 • Jamestown ND 58402-2136                                                        412-8910 or 668-2676, Dale Pasche,            400-5742, Jerry Miller, Mandan
  email: bthoms@ndfu.org • Fax: 701-252-6584 • 952-0102                                                                                                                                     FOR SALE: 1991 Mercury Marquis, $300,
                                                                                               Erie                                          FOR SALE: 494A John Deere 4 row corn           runs good, high miles, good work or
  Deadline for next month is: March 15                                                         FOR SALE: 20,000 lb. Jantz combine            planter w/fertilizer boxes, works real good,   hunting car. 248-3642, Victor Rogalla,
                                                                                               trailer; 2001 930 JD flexhead, single         always kept up and kept inside, good for       Minto
                                                                                               pt. hookup. 226-6633, Gerald Rattei,          seeding wildlife plots and farm use, call
Farm eqUiPmenT                                  Farm eqUiPmenT                                 Napoleon                                      for more info. 843-7859, Dwight Huber,
                                                                                                                                                                                            FOR SALE: 1995 Ford Thunderbird,
                                                                                                                                                                                            green, runs good, no rust. 754-2875 or
                                                                                               FOR SALE: Allis Chalmers D190 tractor,        New Salem
                                                                                                                                                                                            cell 226-6633, Gerald Rattei, Napoleon
                                                                                               needs rear wheel tires, 5,400 hrs.,           FOR SALE: Flexhead to fit TR95 New
                                                                                                                                                                                            FOR SALE: 1966 Honda Trail 90
                                                                                               fair condition; JD 31’ c.p. cult. in good     Holland combine. 539-2365, Arlon
FOR SALE: L Gleaner hydro, header                                                                                                                                                           motorcycle, yellow in color, all complete,
                                                FOR SALE: 2006 Case IH 563 rd. baler,          condition. Eve’s. 528-4222, Ron Haugen,       Peterson, Alamo
height control, 5 belt wren pickup; 653                                                                                                                                                     been stored inside, $400. 772-3129,
                                                monitor, 1,000 pto., wide hydraulic            Alamo                                         FOR SALE: Double 3 pt. bale fork, 10’
JD all crop header, sunflower sides &                                                                                                                                                       Gerald Kenner, Grand Forks
                                                pickup, 1,200 bales, excellent shape,          FOR SALE: 10E Farm Fans dryer, nice           wide, used very little, $900; 4010 JD
back, JD adapter to L series combine.           stored inside, not used in 2009. 546-                                                        w/355 dual, Jobber 3 pt., tractor and          FOR SALE: 1993 Mitsubishi 3000 GT SL,
                                                                                               condition; 12x30 5100 White air planter,
685-2233, Jeff Ost, Nortonville                 4664, or 641-0503, Shawn McGregor              always shedded, w/dry fertilizer. 320-        loader in very good condition, no pto.,        $2,400; 5 spd. transmission for a 1987
For SaLe: 24’ metallite adj. pickup             For SaLe: Used Schulte RS hyd. rock            1297 or 435-2726, Kent Florhaug, Kensal       $6,500. 798-2095 or 351-7345, Ronald           Ford Bronco II 4x4 or Ranger pickup, bolts
reel; 75’ Series IH, 24’, pull-type swather;    picker; F10 Farmhand w/weigh-all Snoco                                                       Walters, Oberon                                up to a 2.9L engine, $300. 764-6410,
                                                                                               FOR SALE: 1971 JD 4020 side console,                                                         Casey Lund, Killdeer
Cenex bin, 2,200 bu., 60’ x 20’; 1975           bale loader; h.d. Russell Reliance grader,                                                   FOR SALE: Powder River calf table, very
                                                                                               syncro trans., no cab, 148 loader, grapple,
Vers. 900 Series I; 1973 Chevy pickup;          10’; 10’ hd. V packer; 5 bottom packer w/                                                                                                   FOR SALE: Semi water trailers and spray
                                                                                               joystick, $12,000; 1987 JD 8820 II            good condition. 338-2004 or cell 626-
1985 Ford dually, 1 ton diesel; 25’, 1900       hitch; 8 steel grain bins, 1,000-12,400                                                                                                     parts, 28’ trailers, $1,550; Semi trailer
                                                                                               combine, 18.4x38 duals, 5,800 hrs., fine      1492, Leo Thomas, Velva
MacDon swather; 1981 Ford Custom 4x4;           bu. w/steel floor; 12’ long utility poles;                                                                                                  set up for corn syrup; 2008 Side Dump
2 sets JD 9350 drills, 30’; tubes from                                                         cut chopper, air sieve, chaff spreader,       WANTED: Bridge type combine trailer
                                                6’ JD combine w/2 cyl. motor & ground          hopper ext., 212 pickup, $25,000, JD STS                                                     Industries 42’ tri-axle trailer; 2010 hopper
grain handling system-various lengths,                                                                                                       with pintal hitch, 40,000 lbs., must be
                                                driven reel; new & used 10:00 20 truck         parts; both beaters, threshing elements,                                                     bottom 36’ trailer; 2000 Transcraft spread
uniform diameter; old farm tires to                                                                                                          good. 226-6633, Gerald Rattei, Napoleon
                                                tires; IHC 2 row hyd. cult. for H or M;        chopper rotor, chaffer. 467-3323, Joe                                                        axle drop deck with air ride; Flatbeds,
recycle; old barbed wire; metal side walls      Peterson dual rims 18.4-34 to 23.1-30;                                                       WANTED: 31’ Frigstad c.p. cult. in good
                                                                                               Nelson, Kenmare                                                                              curtain van, 20’ container, chassis, and
from small metal bldg. 228-3161 or 359-         Letz 163 burr mill. 584-2025, Elmer                                                          shape. Someone from Kenmare had one            converter dolly. Delivery available. 1995
4455. Lathan Romsos, Bottineau.                                                                FOR SALE: 72’ 7200 Bourgault heavy            for sale-lost his name & number. Call me
                                                Lemke, Bentley                                                                                                                              Freightliner FLD112 semi. 474-5780,
FOR SALE: 4520 JD, good rubber, cab,                                                           harrow, all hydraulic adjustments, used       evenings. 528-4222, Ron Haugen, Alamo
                                                FOR SALE: 1983 John Deere 8820                                                                                                              Richard Rydell, Fairmount
two remotes, 3pt.; 70 JD standard, dual                                                        less than 1,000 acres; 2320 Flexicoil         WANTED: Square or rectanglar fuel
                                                combine w/3,600 act. hrs., one owner.          TBT sir seeder cart with 320 third tank.                                                     FOR SALE: 1985 Plymouth Grand Fury,
loader with grapple fork; Hiniker front                                                                                                      service tanks for back of pickup, 100
                                                914 pickup header, 930 rigid header w/         kayogrubb@live.com 464-5152, Kayo                                                            318 cubic in. engine, 56,000 act. miles,
mnt. snow blower; aux. fuel tanks for                                                                                                        gals. or larger, no round tanks please.
                                                bat reel. 224 header w/9” Lucke pans.          Grubb, Powers Lake                                                                           good tires and paint, body good shape,
4630, 6030 and 4520. 656-3493, Jack                                                                                                          789-0966, Allen Gruman, Cooperstown
                                                All stored inside, like to sell as one unit.                                                                                                engine runs good, asking $1,475. 748-
Larson, Bisbee                                                                                 FOR SALE: IHC 475 tandem disc w/
                                                756-6953, Bruce Johnson, Mohall                                                              WANTED: 925 flex head to fit a 9600 JD         2891, Marvin Usslemann, Hazen
FOR SALE: 1997 JD 9600 combine,                                                                hydraulic wings, 21’, excellent, $1,500 or    combine; a 22’ Gleaner flex head to fit a
                                                FOR SALE: 9600 JD combine, straw               best offer. 547-3316 or 341-1554, David                                                      FOR SALE: 1961 Chevy Apache 10, 1/2
18.4x42 duals, hopper ext., chaff                                                                                                            L-3 Gleaner combine; a 12 volt fuel pump
                                                chopper, good hammers, good knives, no         Neumann, Fessenden                                                                           ton short box, fleet side, has 283 motor,
spreader, new concave and cylinder bars,                                                                                                     to fit in a pickup service tank. 875-4280
                                                cracks, no welds, in balance, newer style,                                                                                                  3 spd. manual on column, comes w/extra
many other new parts: 45’ Wilrich digger                                                       FOR SALE: 20’ Massey straight head,           or write to Floyd Miller, 15954 57th St NW,
                                                asking $1,400. 789-0966, Allen Gruman,                                                                                                      od. trans. and other parts, runs and drives
with 3 bar harrow; 70’ Summers 4 bar                                                           Model #1859; Gandy granular applicator,       Williston ND 58801
                                                Cooperstown                                                                                                                                 good, rust on left and right fenders, very
harrow; Pride of the Farm hog feeders,                                                         Model #6212, never been used, still in
                                                FOR SALE: New Idea manure spreader,                                                          WANTED: JD 7200 or 7300 planter, 8 row,        good restorable pickup, $1,850. 748-
elk and elk equipment; 8’ high fence,                                                          crate. 593-6368, Jim Kovarik, Adams
                                                rubber tires, ground driven, $500, good                                                      30”; duplex & triplex overhead cable,          6659 after 5 pm MT, Syl Schutt, Hazen
gates; 6’x20’ portable squeeze chute.
                                                condition; G-Gleaner combine, 350 Chev.        FOR SALE: JD 9350 28’, 6” spacing             125’-250’ lengths; JD 4 tine grapple fork
640-4290, Robert Foertsch, Mantador                                                                                                                                                         FOR SALE: 1982 Ford F100 pickup,
                                                V-8 engine, $700; 8 row IHC planter,           with trackwacker on hitch and drive           for 148, 158 loaders (bent or broken tines-
FOR SALE: Car trailer, heavy duty 20’                                                          over transport, $3,500; JD 7721 w/212         OK); Farmhand 8’, 9’ or 10’ scoop w/wo         longbed, 202,845 mi., 81,189 mi. on 300
                                                295 units, $600; 20’ Gleaner LM header,                                                                                                     6 cyl. engine, new tires, has bed topper, 3
tandem axle, 6,000 lbs. ea., ramps, 16’                                                        pickup, $5,000; 2 JD 6 bottom 3200            grapple; 158 loader good or to repair; 248
                                                $1,000; 261 Chev. 6 cyl. truck engine
tires, spare tire, $2,200; skidsteer buckets                                                   plows; Melroe 115 spray coupe, only 800       and 258 Farmhand loaders; reasonably           spd. on column, bronze color, runs great,
                                                in truck, 8:25 tires, all to go, $250; New
- 6 1/2’ - $750, 7’ - $900, 8’ - $1,100;                                                       hrs., $700. All were always shedded;          priced guard rail, high line poles, fence      have records. 833-2417 in a.m., Gary
                                                short raddle chain (under concave) for L2
bales spears, $400 for one spear, $500 for                                                     42” Summers Super Weeder w/hydraulic          line bunks. 709-0103, Allen Wald, Edgeley      Roberts, Mohall
                                                Gleaner, see at 1/2 price, $200. 438-2425
two spears for large square bales. 647-                                                        S-tines and new harrow teeth; 580 Tox-o-                                                     FOR SALE: 1989 Lincoln Continental
                                                or cell 240-9211, Gavin Foss, Maddock                                                        WANTED: 70 and 720-730 JD diesel
2825, Calvin McCullough, Kulm                                                                  wik dryer with fine screen. 682-5413, Greg                                                   Signature, 4 dr., V6, 29 mpg., low miles,
                                                FOR SALE: Reel for 935R John Deere                                                           standard tractor; IHC W-450 and others,
FOR SALE: Gehl 1500 baler, $500;                                                               Hoffman, Munich                               also manuals; manual for IHC W-9, Super        one owner, like new condition. 693-2371,
                                                header, in great shape, make offer. 573-
Versatile 400 series 18’ swather, $1,000;                                                      FOR SALE: Steiger Super Wildcat; Case         M-TA and Super W6-TA; old tractors from        Rick & Ida Freuh, Martin
                                                4434, Dale Dvorak, Manning
Both units were bought last year as                                                            IH 84880 baler; JD 1710 mulcher, 17’;         ’20s -’60s, any make; good usable tires        FOR SALE: 2006 Rincon 4 wheeler, great
backups but I never used them. 655-             FOR SALE: 10E Farm Fans dryer, nice
                                                                                               Degelman rock rake; Case offset disc          and tubes for old tractor with 36” rims;       shape, runs great; 2007 Harley Davidson
3588, Ron Pishtek, Brocket                      condition; 12x30 5100 White air planter,
                                                                                               16’; Wilrich cults. w/harrows, 45’ & 32’;     also manuals and implements. 763-              softail custom, beautiful bike, super low
                                                always shedded, w/dry fertilizer. 320-
FOR SALE: 1968 Ford truck, F700,                                                               IH cults. 28’ & 18’; IH chisel plows, 18’ &   6455, Myron Tarno, Cleveland                   miles. 520-3004, Jon Puppe, Cavalier
                                                1297 or 435-2726, Kent Florhaug, Kensal
newer steel hoist, 15’ cab over engine,                                                        16’; IH 770 plow, 6-16” w/packer; IH 100      WANTED: Hydraulic cattle chute for             FOR SALE: ‘97 GMC Z71 SLT shortbox, 3
$3,000; 1983 Ford 3/4 ton pickup, #250,         FOR SALE: 1970 C800 Ford truck, low            pony drill w/grass; 4 - IH 100 drills 8’ w/   yearlings, in good condition. 338-2004 or      door, 5.7L, 4 wd., leather, Tonneau cover,
supercab, 6.9 diesel, new automatic             miles on rebuilt 391 engine, 18’ Midwest       grass; 20’ W-W stock trailer. 843-7185 or     cell 626-1492, Leo Thomas, Velva               astrostart, pw., pl., black w/tan int.,
trans., all the bells and whistles, new         box w/hoist, new dual exhaust system,          220-6566, Wayne Hoger, New Salem
                                                good 10.00x20 tires, all around; 8650 JD                                                     WANTED: Good used grab fork for a $763         158,000 mi., close to new tires, salvage
tires; 7’ JD drill with fertilizer and hitch,                                                  FOR SALE: new JD skidsteer bale spear, fits
                                                w/new motor only 95 hrs., 4 hyd. control                                                     Bobcat. 597-3891, Bill Koch, Raleigh           title, $5,000. 435-2537, Jim Greshik,
6’ spacing, $300; 7’ M-H drills with
                                                valves, PTO., heat & ac changed to new         skidsteers with universal quick-attach;                                                      Wimbledon
hydraulic trips, solid packer wheels with                                                                                                    ATTENTION: To the person who purchased
                                                style compressor, rear fenders, shedded;       JD 148 loader with 10, 20, 30, 40 series
Morris rod weeder, $300. 965-6297, Perry                                                                                                     a Hesston disk in Enderlin, May 2008:          FOR SALE: 1976 Dodge club cab, 3/4 ton,
                                                1997 JD 9400 hoe drills, 30’ w/hyd. lift       mounts; all- hydraulic F-25 Farmhand;
Rosenquist, Noonan                                                                                                                           please come to claim; will need to be          4x4, 4 spd., 400 engine, good condition,
                                                hitch, Kuhn transport, not used 2009, very     F-11 loader choice of attachments; F-11       removed from property by 5-1-10. 437-
FOR SALE: JD 770 air seeder, 32’, extra                                                                                                                                                     low miles, $1,000. 798-2095 or 351-
                                                good condition, always shedded; 1600 JD        loader parts; 1948 JD-A tractor; 10 ft        3529, Lynn Shelver, Enderlin
hoses and parts. 698-2292, Loren                                                                                                                                                            7345, Ronald Walters, Oberon
                                                chisel plow w/ anhydrous knives & Valmar       heavy cushion- gang Krause tandem disk;
Krueger, Fredonia                               box; 21’ MF swather; Luckie 7’ snow            20’ and 14’ white tandem disc; 14’ white      VeHiCLeS                                       FeeD & SeeD
FOR SALE: Case 1690 tractor for parts,          blower used very little; Schulte RS 320        high clearance chisel plow; JD-8 row 30
engine bad, excellent tires and ROPS with       rock picker, hyd. drive; 115 spray coupe;      7000 planter; New Koyker 545 loader w/
canopy, 594 Allied loader (mts. for 1690);      GT 580 grain dryer; 2 hyd. drive Westfield     7’ bucket, mounts for 20, 30, 40, 50, 55
JD 1600 chisel plow, 39’; Degelman 3000         end gate fills; Feteral grain cleaner w/       series JD; turned tire bunks/bull feeders;
                                                                                                                                                                                            FOR SALE: Beef and horse quality broome
field cult. w/4 bar harrows, 49’; Sukup         Briggs motor; TST grain treater. w/new         75 Dodge ext. cab 3/4T, 360 4 spd.; 91        FOR SALE: 1985 F150 supercab, 4x4,
                                                                                                                                                                                            and alfalfa, second cutting alfalfa,
rotary screen grain cleaner. 743-4492,          style pump. 628-2930,, Duane Lidstrom,         GMC, V6, 5 spd., parts. 709-0103, Allen       longbox, $900. 573-4434, Dale Dvorak,
                                                                                                                                                                                            quality test available. 225-2187, Lacy
Stan Myers, Raub                                Stanley                                        Wald, Edgeley                                 Manning
                                                                                                                                                                                            Gutenkunst, Lefor

Page 13                                                                                                  www.ndfu.org                                                                                        February 2010
Union Farmer                                                                                                                                                                                                        Classifieds

                                                                                                                                                       County Calendar
miSCeLLaneoUS                                 miSCeLLaneoUS                                  LiVeSToCK

FOR SALE: Coleman gas furnace, like           FOR SALE: 3 spool pressure sensitive           FOR SALE: Bred cows to start calving,                     • BarneS CoUnTY
new, 100,000 BTU; also wood and coal          valve with cables and joy stick controls,      Mar. 15, 10 reds, 9 blacks, bred to Red
stove. 352-2276 or 352-0372, Glenn            $700; Superior hanging propane gas
                                                                                                                                                         February 24 – Board meeting
                                                                                             Angus, 1,300 to 1,600 lb., mixed ages,
Monson, Grafton                               heater, $100. 734-6930, Gary Szczur,           complete dispersion, come take a look or                  • BiLLinGS/GoLDen VaLLeY CoUnTieS
For SaLe: 3 Uniden commercial                 Wilton                                         call. 733-2375, Wilfred Kunze, Dazey                        February 24 – Board meeting • 6 p.m. • Trappers
communications         radios,      Model     FOR SALE: Magnavox stereo w/AM-FM              FOR SALE: Registered black Angus                            Kettle, Belfield • plan for TAP
FMU250K, includes 2 magnetic roof             radio, 8 track and turntable in dark           yearling bulls. Sire groups MC 2500,                      • neLSon CoUnTY
mount antennas, wiring & mounts; large        cabinet, $20; ballpoint pen collection,        QLC Foundation, DDR First Addition,
coal room heater; horse collars & related
                                                                                                                                                         march 1 – Sarnia Local membership meeting
                                              10,000 w/business, town and state from         Awd decade. Great heifer bulls, great
items; 45 used utility poles, 35’ to 50’      40 different states; 50 Avon bottles,
                                                                                                                                                         2 p.m. • Beverly Nelson home • discuss upcoming
                                                                                             dispositions, reasonably priced and
long; new tires: 1 - 10:00R20 Dunlap          50¢ each; 2 books - Classic Cars of the        semen tested. Anderson Angus Ranch,
                                                                                                                                                         spring projects
steel radial SP777, 16 ply, new tube &        World and Half Century of High Speed           Chaffee, eves. 347-5439 or days 238-                      • renViLLe CoUnTY
flip; 2 - Hercules M & S P215/70/R15          Drama, NASCAR, $10 each. 258-5781, Ed          1064                                                        march 9 – Board meeting • 7 p.m. • Martha Johnson’s
studded; 1 - 9 5-L14SL, 6 ply tube type       Johnson, Bismarck                                                                                          finalize TAP event
floatation; 1 - 10:00 15 SL 8 ply tubeless
                                              FOR SALE: 58 Loopstyle freestalls, 6’6”        reaL eSTaTe                                               • riCHLanD CoUnTY
implement; 1 12SL-15, 10 ply Firestone
                                              long-1 5/8”, 1 1/4 SCHD 40 galv. control                                                                   march 14 – Fairmount Local membership meeting
implement tubeless; 8 used sidewinder
                                              rail, heavy crossover clamp - 1 5/8 x 1 5/8,
LT245/75/15, 10 ply; 4 - Hercules
                                              steel flange clamps-round-1 5/8, stored
                                                                                                                                                         5 p.m. • Pizza Ranch, Wahpeton • general business
215/70/R15 M & S; 4 - P225/60/R16 M &
                                              inside, taken apart. 843-7859, Dwight          FOR LEASE: About 470 acres of cropland,                   • WeLLS CoUnTY
S. 584-2025, Elmer Lemke, Bentley. 843-
7859, Dwight Huber, New Salem
                                              Huber, New Salem                               Contact Walter Morast, 38 County 13, Zap                    april 11 – Valhalla Local fundraiser • 2 p.m.
FOR SALE: Cast iron crank sausage
                                              FOR SALE: Milking equipment - 6                ND 58580, 948-2241                                          Daryl Pranke farm • bingo & cake walk
                                              Westfalia Micro Touch pulsators, pulsation
stuffer, gal. size w/wine press, $150;
                                              box, stall receptacles; 6 milkers and air
                                                                                             FOR SALE: 320 acres for $100,000, near                    • WiLLiamS CoUnTY
Gibson automatic washer, heavy duty 3/4                                                      Rock Lake, ND. 764-6410, Casey Lund,
                                              forks (dual), extra parts, mile meter; barn                                                                march 1 – Prairie Pioneer Local 6 p.m. • Grandma
hp. motor, $150; RHEEM Imperial Drum                                                         Killdeer
high efficiency furnace, 70,000 btu, price
                                              cleaner chain and some other parts                                                                         Sharon’s meeting room • Alan Solberg will report
                                                                                             FOR SALE: Home for sale, $45,000 obo,
negotiable; light oak oval table w/white      For SaLe: Dell Dimension 8400                  1988 Woodhaven (magnolia) 28’x52’
                                                                                                                                                         on his trip to Italy and their durum production
tile top, 6 matching oak chairs, $250.        computer, needs hard drive; table              double wide home, 2”x6” outside walls
349-3988, Gerald Grueneich, Ellendale         protectors for rectangle table, rounded        with sheetrock, 3 bdrm., 2 1/2 bath, new
FOR SALE: 828D walk-behind snowblower,        corners; Brilliant Fire propane wall           furnace-2008 (electric heat w/propane                                Check out our Web site at www.ndfu.org
cab, chains, electric start, used 5 times.    heater for garage or shop, powerful fan,       backup), 400 gal. propane tank, new
693-2371, Rick & Ida Freuh, Martin            72.5”Hx24”Wx12”D; Resistal western             50 gal. electric water heater-2008, new
                                              hat, new, size 7 3/8; old wooden curtain       windows and doors-2009, comes w/
FOR SALE: Books, written by a farmer who
                                              stretcher; Craftsman Router and cutting        kitchen appliances, washer & dryer,
is now 84 yrs. old. “Hauling the Biggest
                                              blades, new. 228-3161 or 359-4455.             2 decks and 2 ceiling fans in master
Load” is about growing up during the
                                              Lathan Romsos, Bottineau                       bedroom and living room, also movable
depression years, losing the farm, and
many later experiences, pictures are also     WANTED: Prairie dog hunters to come &          single garage and breezeway. 332-6726,
in the book, $15; “Grief and Grieving” is a   hunt on my land. Make reservations now.        Andrew Vetter, Linton
                                              597-3730, larryn@westriv.com, Larry
sequel to the first book and was inspired
by author losing his only son in an           Nagel, Shields                                 LaTe aDS
accident and experiencing “Broken Heart       WANTED: Horse enthusiasts for
Syndrome” after the funeral, $5. Free         partnership in thoroughbred racing
shipping and ND sales tax are included in     opportunities; also colts, broodmares,
prices. Send orders to the author. Richard                                                   For SaLe: Hand held bagger (bag
                                              riding horses, arena prospects, racing
Hamann, 10468 95th St NE, Langdon ND                                                         sewing machine) for seed bags, etc.
                                              prospects for sale or lease, c/o Royal
58249 or phone 256-2406                       Danzing-Secretariat and Undefeated
                                                                                             $200.00 OBO; set of tire chains for 14-16                       THe moUSe riVer FarmerS Union CamP
                                                                                             in. tires. $35 OBO. 349-4179. ddhviste@                                 has open dates on the weekends
FOR SALE: Steel shelving, great for shop,     at 2 & 3; custom fencing, commercial,
                                                                                             drtel.net Douglas Hvistendahl, Ellendale                                  of June 4-6 and June 11-12.
call for details; Baldwin electric organ,     residential, and farm, all types, taking
double keyboard, great condition, $250; 2     bookings. 843-8339, Leigh Backhaus,            For SaLe: 2006 Timpte 40’X72”                                          Open dates for July are July 9-10,
                                              New Salem                                      air ride, Ag hopper semi trailer, 1995                                  July 23-25, and July 30-Aug. 1.
never used wooden 11 1/2’ poles for horse
                                                                                             Featherlite 45’ flatbed semi-trailer with                             All weekends in August are open and
draw wagon, 1 is natural oak, 1 has been      WANTED: Used tractor tires, size 13.6-38
                                                                                             hay sides, new oil bath wobble box and
painted red, excellent condition. 724-        and 18.4-34, both 6 ply or more. 597-                                                                      all weekends in September are open except Sept. 24-26.
                                                                                             sickle for 30’ 1020 Case IH header. 337-
3817, Dick Johnson, Brampton                  3730, larryn@westriv.com, Larry Nagel,                                                                                 For more information, please call
                                                                                             6865. Brooks Heer, Douglas
FOR SALE: 2-new 12.4Rx24x10 ply               Shields                                                                                                                Martha Seibel at 701-420-0954.
Firestone FWD; 4-new Goodyear (long           WANTED: Electric automatic clothes
bar) 18.4x38, $1,250/pr.; 2-new Goodyear      washer. Must be in like new condition.
15.5-38, $1,050/pr.; 12-new 185/80/13         Please no junk. 225-2187, Lacy
all season, $125/4; 2-28Lx26x12ply            Gutenkunst, Lefor
x90%; 2-420/85R26 (16.9R26) Firestone
                                              WANTED: Book titled “50 Years in the
x 60%; 2 new 380/85R28 (14.9R28)
                                              Saddle”, 4 volumes have been published
Firestone FWD, $1,450/pr.; 2 new 16.9R26
                                              by Watford City social club. Am interested
Goodyear x 10 ply FWD $1,250/pr.; 2
                                              in all 4 books; early 1900s old pop and
new 14.9x 28 Titan bias 10 ply FWD.
                                              medicine bottles with the town name
$925/pr.; 2-16.9x30x10 ply FWDx 50%;
                                              embossed (printed) on the side of the
6-18.4x42 x 40%, duals: 1-18.4Rx26 x
                                              bottle; old highway road signs, some
95% Firestone FWD.; 2-18.4x26 x 6 ply x
                                              shaped like a shield w/hwy number
60%; 2-16.9Rx38 x70%; 5-14.9x34 x10
                                              stamped in the middle and some had the
ply FWD x 50-80%; 12- 18.4x46 x 50%;                                                             • All CB boxes can be used for silage and grain with optional extensions    • Hydraulic live chain floor for faster unloading
                                              Indian head logo w/hwy number stamped                and rear door                                                             • Plastic floors throughout for less drag and longer life
10-20.8x42 x 40-50%; 2-13.6x28 x 10 ply
                                              in the middle; old animal traps, old guns,         • Several beater options for pen pack, compost, separated manure, poultry   • Silage and combination manure trailers are available in many sizes
FWD x50%; 2- Titan 18.4R42 x 95%; 32-                                                              litter, bio-solids, etc.                                                    and options
                                              old shell boxes, old gun cleaning kits, old
38 bell bands; 38” to 42” step up rims;                                                          • Fits any CB Artex by Redwood unit
                                              jackknives, old hunting knives, or any
10-bolt duals other tires, rims, etc. 709-                                                       • Heavy-duty gear drive
                                              other old hunting related items; old gas           • Works with all types of manure
0103, Allen Wald, Edgeley
                                              station gas pumps, metal advertising               • Heavy-duty steel construction
FOR SALE: Indoor treadmill for horse,         signs, old metal oil cans, advertising             • Spreads up to 60’ wide
powered by 220 volt electric motor, any                                                          • 600 to 1200 cu. ft. sizes available
                                              clocks or thermometers, old 1 lb. coffee           • Truck mounts also available
reasonable offer accepted. 748-6659           tin cans or any other old and interesting
after 5 p.m. MT, Syl Schutt, Hazen            stuff. 258-0420, Val Ganje, Bismarck

February 2010                                                                                          www.ndfu.org                                                                                                               Page 14
NDFU Ads                                                                                                                                            Union Farmer
                     WANTED:                                                           Agriculture’s Profit Potential Through Energy

           NON-GMO SOyBEANS                                                               Produce            Harvest                   v   er
                                                                                                                                                     Distribute           Consume
                                                                                                                                C   on

                                                                                                 “Biomass & Ethanol Opportunities”
                                                                                         Learn how farmers, ranchers and rural North Dakota
                                                                                             can profit from our country’s energy future
                                                                                       Speakers: Doug Berven, Director of Corporate Affairs, POET, LLC
                                                                                               and Mark Watne, NDFU Agricultural Strategist
                                                                                                                                                                      Sponsored by

                                                                                      Tuesday March 9, 2010
                                                                                      9:00 a.m. – international inn • 1505 n Broadway, minot
                                                                                      1:30 p.m. – Gladstone inn • 111 2nd St ne, Jamestown                For more info: 800-366-8331, ext 110
            Dakota Pride Cooperative (DPC)
            is looking for growers in 2010.
                                                                                      Commodity Marketing
            This is a great opportunity to earn
             a premium above market price.                                             and Futures Seminar
 Please contact Judge Barth,                                                                 Understanding the Basics
 Executive Director, at
 701-220-9418                                                                          What is a “put” or a “call option”?
 jbarth@dakotapride.coop                          www.dakotapride.coop                 How do i set up a futures contract?
                                                                                       What is the difference between a
      norTH DaKoTa FarmerS Union UPCominG ToUrS                                        long hedge and a short hedge?
• NFU Convention - Rapid City, SD - March 14-17
                                                                                       Whether you are new to farming, commodity contracts or just need a refresher course,
  Top notch speakers, policymakers, exhibitors and Farmers Union members
                                                                                                                  this seminar is right for you!
  from all around the country
                                                                                         Frayne Olson, Crops Economist/Marketing Specialist, NDSU Extension Service,
• Music Medley - Branson, Nashville, New Orleans, & Memphis - April 5-17              will be presenting a detailed seminar, which covers the basics of commodity marketing.
  Precious Moments Park • Bass Pro Outdoor World Shop • Stone Hill Winery            SEMINAR DATES & LOCATIONS            COST
  Clinton Presidential Library • Vicksburg Military Park • Aldridge Gardens          MINOT                                Preregistration is $15
  Hermitage • Gateway Arch • Abraham Lincoln home • Mark Twain Museum                Tuesday, March 2, 2010               or $30 at the door.
  Vietnam & Korean War Memorials                                                     9:30 a.m. – 3 p.m.                   Space is limited.
                                                                                     Sleep Inn • 2400 10 St SW            Lunch will be provided.
• Branson in Bismarck - Eli Barsi - April 19 tickets $27 each                                                             CONTACT
                                                                                     DEVILS LAKE
                                                                                                                          For more information call
• Mystery Tour #3 - May 17-20                                                        Wednesday, March 3, 2010                                                  sponsored by
                                                                                     9:30 a.m. – 3 p.m.                   701-952-9127 or go to
• Twins Tripleheader, Minneapolis - June 11-13                                       Lake Region State College            our website at:
                                                                                     1801 College Dr N                    www.ndfu.org
  Take in three Minnesota Twins games against the Atlanta Braves at the new Target
  Field in Minneapolis • Mall of America • Mill City Museum
County trips:
• Northeast ND - Enchanted Adventures - April 19 -20
                                               See www.ndfu.org for details or
                                               call 800-366-8331
                                               ext 108, Susan or ext 111, Jeff

       Farmers Union Oil Company of Bismarck/Mandan
is offering two $500.00 scholarships to
high school seniors and two $500.00
scholarships to current college students.
To download more information and
applications,go to www.cenexofbismarck.com.

Page 15                                                                       www.ndfu.org                                                                          February 2010
Union Farmer                                                                                 You’re Never Alone


   A new spring, and a whole new crop.
   Before you get too far into your fieldwork,
   you should consider your plans
   for Multi-Peril Crop Insurance.

   Anticipating	all	that
   Mother	Nature	has	in	store
   will	keep	you	optimistic
   about	this	growing	season.

See	your	Farmers	Union	Insurance	agent
for	all	your	Multi-Peril	Crop	Insurance	needs.
                                                                               To contact an agent near you, go to:

  Terry Aronson   Armen Hanson   Kim Zinke     Jerry Zunich      Sjon Zunich
   Devils Lake     Devils Lake   Devils Lake     Williston        Williston

February 2010                                     www.ndfu.org                                              Page 16

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