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					                                                                NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009



NATIONAL BOARD FOR TECHNICAL EDUCATION
   NATIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATE (NVC)


                                     IN

FURNITURE MAKING & UPHOLSTERY
  CURRICULUM AND COURSE SPECIFICATIONS

                                  2009

         Produced by the National Board for Technical Education (NBTE)
                Plot B, Bida Road, P.M.B. 2239, Kaduna Nigeria



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          NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


FORWARD




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               NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


INTRODUCTION




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                                                                                 NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


TABLE OF CONTENTS
S/N   ITEM                                                                PAGE
1     Forward
2     Introduction
3     Table of Content
4     General Information
5     Curriculum Table                                                    1


6     Course Outlines
         i.     VFM 101      General Woodwork                             2
        ii.     GMW 101      General Metal Work I                         25
       iii.     GMW 102      General Metal Work II                        41
       iv.      VFM 112      Introduction to Furniture Making             51
        v.      VFM 121      Machine Woodworking I                        57
       vi.      VFM 211      Machine Woodworking II                       67
      vii.      VFM 212      Furniture Making and Construction I          75
      viii.     VFM 221      Furniture Making and Construction II         82
       ix.      VFM 311      Furniture Making and Construction III        88
        x.      VFM 312      Upholstery Design and Construction           94
       xi.      VFM 321      Advanced Furniture Making and Construction   102
7     List of minimum resources                                           108
9     List of Participants                                                115




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                                                                                         NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


             NATIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY
PROGRAMME NOMENCLATURE
    National Vocational Certificate in Furniture Making and Upholstery

GOAL AND OBJECTIVES
     GOAL
     Produce competent hands with good knowledge and practical skills for a successful career in furniture making and
     upholstery.

     OBJECTIVES
     A product of NVC in Furniture making and upholstery should be able to:

        a)   Understand the general and specific techniques in Furniture making and upholstery
        b)   Construct and erect different types of furniture
        c)   Draw and interpret constructional drawings relative to Furniture making
        d)   Apply portable hand and machine tools to process wood, wood products and metal in furniture making
        e)   Work as a skilled furniture maker, either in Self-employment or in paid employment.

ENTRY REQUIREMENTS
     The entry requirements for National Vocational Certificate (NVC) in Furniture Making and Upholstery are:

        a) Basic Education products (Post-JSS) student with requisite credits in Junior WAEC or NECO
        b) Post-Secondary student who are unable to gain access to higher education or IEIs, who may have less than 5 credits



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                                                                                          NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


STRUCTURE OF PROGRAMME:
   The National Vocational Certificate (NVC) in Furniture Making and Upholstery programme is in flexible modular form,
   and is structured to have three parts (i.e. NVC Part I, NVC Part II, and NVC Final) each taken in a span of one year. Each
   part shall have a cogent and flexible structure and content that would allow the trainee a practical working skill unit and
   the possibility to exit at that level. Each part incorporates six months intensive training in the school and three months of
   Supervised Industrial Work Experience Scheme (SIWES).

EVALUATION SCHEME:
   The National Vocation Certificate Examination must be externally moderated. The Following guidelines shall apply in
   grading a student:

      Theory:         20%
      Practical:      50%
      SIWES:          30%
   If there are group practical/projects, trainees must be assessed periodically on individual basis and records kept. Note that
   trainees are to be assessed on completion of every module.

   All failed courses should be re-sited for until when the candidate is able to clear them. The grading system shall be:

      Distinction:    70% - 100%
      Credit:         55% – 69%
      Pass:           40% – 54%
      Fail:           0% – 39%




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                                                                                                                                          NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009
                                                            CURRICULUM TABLE
The programme should have an intake of 25 trainees per stream to a maximum of three streams per session.
                           MODULE                                            YEAR 1                                                  YEAR 2                                                 YEAR 3
                                                                                             TER                                                    TER                                                     TER
S/   COURSE                                                   TERM            TERM                                    TERM            TERM                                   TERM            TERM
                  COURSE NAME                                                                 M                                                      M                                                       M
N    CODE                                                       1               2                                       1               2                                      1               2
                                                                                              3                                                      3                                                       3
                                                               T        P     T         P                             T         P     T        P                             T         P     T         P
1                 Mathematics                                  2              2                                       2               2                                      2               2
2                 English                                      2              2                                       2               2                                      2               2
3                 Physics                                      2              2                                       2         1     2        1                             2         1     2         1




                                                                                              INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT




                                                                                                                                                     INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT




                                                                                                                                                                                                             INDUSTRIAL ATTACHMENT
4                 Chemistry                                    2              2                                       2         1     2        1                             2         1     2         1
5                 Economics                                    2              2                                       2               2                                      2               2
6                 Entrepreneurship                                                                                    2               2                                      2               2
7                 Technical Drawing                                     3               3                                       3              3
8                 Computer Studies                             1        2     1         2                             1         2     1        2                             1         2     1         2
9    VFM 101      General Woodwork                             2        4
10   GMW 101      General Metal Work I                         1        3
11   GMW 102      General Metal Work II                                       1         3
12   VFM 112      Introduction to Furniture Making                            2         4
13   VFM 121      Machine Woodworking I                                       2         6
14   VFM 211      Machine Woodworking II                                                                              2         6
15   VFM 212      Furniture Making & Construction I                                                                   2         4     2        4
16   VFM 221      Furniture Making & Construction II                                                                                  2        4                             2         4
17   VFM 311      Furniture Making & Construction III                                                                                                                        2         6
18   VFM 312      Upholstery Construction                                                                                                                                    2         4      2        4
19   VFM 321      Advanced Furniture Making & Construction                                                                                                                                    2        6
                                                              14        12    16        16                            17        17   17        15                            19        18    17        14
                                                                   26              32                                      34             32                                      37              31




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                                                                                    NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

PROGRAMME:            NATIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY

COURSE NAME:          GENERAL WOOD WORK

COURSE CODE:          VFM 101

DURATION:             2–0–4

UNITS:                6 UNITS

GOAL:                 This module is designed to introduce the trainee in timber trades to the basic woodwork materials and
                      processes.

GENERAL OBJECTIVES:   On completion of this module the trainee will be able to: -

                      1)     Understand general workshop safety rules and be able to apply them in a wood workshop.

                      2)     Know common wood work hand tools, equipment and their uses.

                      3)     Understand the basic process of timber preparation.

                      4)     Know how to mark out stock to given specifications.

                      5)     Understand the working principles of common portable electric power tools.

                      6)     Understand the working principles of basic wood working machines.

                      7)     Understand the basic principles of carcase and frame construction.

                      8)     Understand the basic principles of carcase and frame construction.

                      9)     Know common adhesives used in woodwork construction, their preparation and applications.

                      10)    Know common fittings and fastenings used in woodwork construction.

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                                                            NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

11)   Understand the purpose of finishing woodwork items.




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PROGRAMME: VOCATIONAL ENTERPRISE CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE DESIGN AND UPHOLSTERY
COURSE: GENERAL WOOD WORK                                           COURSE CODE: VFM 101          CONTACT HOURS: 2 – 0 – 4
GOAL: THIS MODULE IS DESIGNED TO INTRODUCE THE TRAINEE IN TIMBER TRADES TO THE BASIC WOODWORK MATERIALS AND PROCESSES.
COURSE SPECIFICATION: THEORETICAL CONTENT                                                COURSE SPECIFICATION: PRACTICAL CONTENT
        GENERAL OBJECTIVE 1.0: UNDERSTAND GENERAL WORKSHOP SAFETY RULES AND BE ABLE TO APPLY THEM IN A WOOD WORKSHOP.
Week    Specific Learning Objectives      Teacher’s Activities      Learning Resources Specific Learning Objective Teacher’s Activities Learning Resources
        1.1 Identify various safety       • Explain the safety      Chalkboard           • Identify safety wears and   • Show student basic Chalkboard
            rules in wood workshop          rules obtainable in                            equipment in a wood           safety wears and
            under the following             wood workshop under     Lesson notes           workshop e.g. Over-all        equipment in a       Charts
            headings: -                     the under-listed                               (non-flowing dress),          wood workshop
            a) General Machine shop         heading:                Pictures/Postures of   Safety boots, Goggles,        e.g. Over-all (non- Illustrations
                 safety.                    a) General Machine      accidents in the       Hand gloves, First-aid kit,   flowing dress),
            b) Electrical equipment             shop safety.        workshop               Fire Extinguishers etc.       Safety boots,        First aid kits
                 safety                     b) Electrical                                                                Goggles, Hand
            c) Mechanical fault                 equipment safety    First aid kits       • Identify basic provisions     gloves, First-aid    Fire Extinguishers
                 safety                     c) Mechanical fault                            in the First aid box.         kit, Fire
            d) Safe machine                     safety              Fire Extinguishers                                   Extinguishers etc.   Pictures/postures of
                 operation.                 d) Safe machine                                                                                   accidents in the
                                                operation           Safety wears e.g.                                  • Teach students how workshop
        1.2 List sources of hazards in a                            Over-all (non-                                       to use First-aid
            wood workshop such as: -      • Explain with examples flowing dress), Safety                                 facilities in the    Basic tools obtainable
            a) Improper handing and         how accidents can       boots, Goggles, Hand                                 event of accident    in the wood workshop
                 using hand tools,          occur through the       gloves etc.                                          within the
                 power tools and            various items listed in                                                      workshop and         Safety wears e.g. Over-
                 machines.                  1.2.                                                                         around the           all (non-flowing dress),
            b) Stepping on or striking                                                                                   workshop             Safety boots, Goggles,
                 obstructions left on the • Explain the nature of                                                        environment.         Hand gloves etc.
                 floor or benches in the    the accidents that can
                 workshop                   occur from the                                                             • Introduce students
            c) Careless lifting,            situations listed above                                                      to the location of
                 moving and storing         and how they can be                                                          fire extinguishers.
                 materials, jobs, tools     prevented.
                 and machines in the                                                                                   • Use films, pictures
                 workshop.                • Explain the need to be                                                       to teach student the
            d) Using inflammable            safety conscious in the                                                      use of fire
                 liquids or materials       workshop.                                                                    extinguishers in the
            e) Inhaling vapour or                                                                                        case of emergency.
                 fumes.
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1.3 Outline the nature of the      • Give examples of              • Demonstrate to
    accidents that can occur         safety wears and                student how to
    from the situations listed       equipment in a wood             effect treatment of
    above and how they can be        workshop and their              accidents arising
    prevented.                       uses. Examples                  from sources of
1.4 Name safety wears and            include; Overall dress          hazards in the
    equipment essential in a         (non flowing type),             wood workshop
    wood workshop and their          safety boots, eye-              listed in 1.2.
    application in working           goggles, fire
    situation.                       extinguishers, sand
1.5 Identify safety rules            buckets, water buckets,
    relating to the following        etc.
    working situations:
    a) Clothing and health         • Explain in detail, the
         hazards.                    safety rules relating to
    b) Workshop hygiene              the following working
    c) Movement and other            situation: -
         behavior of students in     a) Clothing and health
         the workshop                    hazards.
    d) Working Materials             b) Workshop hygiene
         handling                    c) Movement and
    e) Tool handling, storage            other behavior of
         and usage.                      workers in a
    f) Machine operation.                workshop
    g) Fires out-break.              d) Working Materials
                                         handling
1.6 Describe appropriate             e) Tool handling,
    procedure to follow in the           storage and usage.
    event of accident or danger      f) Machine operation.
    in the workshop. A typical       g) Fire out-break
    procedure is as follows:
    a) Application of First–       • Give a detailed
         aid to the victim.          explanation of the
    b) Identification of the         procedure to follow in
         cause of the accident.      the event of accident
    c) Removal or                    within the workshop
         rectification of the        and around the
         cause of accident           workshop

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                                                                                                          NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

     d) Reporting the incident      environment.
          to the appropriate
          authority.
     e) Keeping record of
          accidents for use by
          the appropriate
          authority of the school
          or industry.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2.0: KNOW COMMON WOODWORK HAND TOOLS AND THEIR USES.
2.1 State the categories of       • Classify woodwork         Chalkboard        • Identify various tools      • Show student           Chalkboard
    woodwork hand tools             hand tools into the                           belonging to each             examples of
    namely:                         following categories:     Lesson notes        category of woodwork          woodwork hand          Pictures/Posters
     a) Holding and                 a) Holding and                                hand tools listed in 2.2.     tools belonging to
         supporting tools.               supporting tools.    Pictures/Posters                                  the following          Sketches/Diagrams
     b) Geometrical/marking         b) Geometrical/marki                        • Name essential parts of       categories:
         tools                           ng tools             Sketches/Diagrams   each woodwork hand tool       a) Holding &           Wall Charts
     c) Percussion and              c) Percussion &                               identified above.                 supporting tools
         impelling tools                 impelling tools      Wall Charts                                           e.g. the cramps,   Real objects of
     d) Cutting tools               d) Cutting tools                            • Sketch different tools            braces, etc.       woodwork hand tools
                                                                                  listed in 2.2.                b) Geometrical/ma      e.g.
2.2 List examples of each         • Give examples of each                                                           rking tools e.g.
    category of woodwork            category of woodwork                        • Use various woodwork              try squares,       a. Holding &
    hand tools listed above         hand tool and their                           hand tools to carry out           dividers and       supporting tools e.g.
    such as:                        applications.                                 specific operations in            gauges.            the cramps, braces, etc.
    a) Holding & supporting                                                       furniture making.             c) Percussion &
         tools e.g. the cramps,   • Explain the uses of                                                             impelling tools    b. Geometrical/marking
         braces, etc.                                                                                               e.g. hammers,
                                    various woodwork                            • Carry out basic servicing                            tools e.g. try squares,
    b) Geometrical/marking          hand tools listed in 2.2.                                                       screw drivers,     dividers, gauges.
                                                                                  and maintenance of hand
         tools e.g. try squares,                                                                                    etc.
                                                                                  tools used in woodwork.
         dividers and gauges.     • Explain safety                                                              d) Cutting tools       c. Percussion &
    c) Percussion &                 precautions to be                                                               e.g. saws,         impelling tools e.g.
         impelling tools e.g.       observed while using                                                            planes, chisels,   hammers, screw
         hammers, screw             woodwork hand tools                                                             etc.               drivers, etc.
         drivers, etc.              for furniture making.                                                     • Demonstrate the
    d) Cutting tools e.g. saws,                                                                                 uses of various        d. Cutting tools e.g.
         planes, chisels, etc.                                                                                  woodwork hand
                                  • Explain with examples                                                                              saws, planes, chisels,
                                    the proper procedure                                                        tools in furniture     etc.
2.3 State the application of        of maintaining the                                                          making.
    various hand tools listed       woodwork hand tools.                                                      • Demonstrate proper

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    above in woodwork                                                                                          procedure for
    practice.                                                                                                  carrying out basic
                                                                                                               maintenance of
2.4 State the necessary safety                                                                                 woodwork hand
    precautions to be observed                                                                                 tools such as: -
    while using hand tools in                                                                               a) Adequate
    woodwork practice.                                                                                         sharpening of
                                                                                                               cutters
2.5 Describe basic procedure of                                                                             b)         Cleaning
    maintaining the woodwork                                                                                   tools before and
    hand tools.                                                                                                after use
                                                                                                            c) Lubricating all
                                                                                                               tools before and
                                                                                                               after use for easy
                                                                                                               operation and to
                                                                                                               avoid rust.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 3.0: UNDERSTAND THE BASIC PROCESS OF TIMBER PREPARATION.
3.1 List the tools used for    • Explain the principles     Chalkboard        • Select timber for wood      • Select timber with    Chalkboard
    timber preparation.          of cutting and planing                         work construction.            student for wood
                                 of wood to sizes using     Lesson notes                                      work construction.    Lesson notes
3.2 List the steps involved in   hand tools.                                  • Identify tools used for
    timber preparation e.g.:   • Explain the tools used     Pictures/Posters    timber preparation.         • Show student          Pictures/Posters
    Select and plane the         for timber preparation                                                       tools used for
     a) Face side                listed in 3.1.             Sketches/Diagrams • Saw and plane timber to       timber                Sketches/Diagrams
     b) Face edge                                                               given length, width and       preparation.
     c) Thicknessing           • Explain the steps          Wall Charts         thickness.                                          Wall Charts
     d) Width                    involved in timber                                                         • Show student
     e) End                      preparation listed in 3.2.                   • Select and plane the          workshop              Woodwork tools e.g.
     f) length                                                                  prepared timber according     processes             Marking out tools,
                               • Explain the choice of                          to the following items        involved in timber    Cutting tools, Planing
3.3 Explain necessary safety     tools appropriate for                          a) Face side                  processes.            tools.
    precautions involved in      each step of timber                            b) Face edge
    timber processing.           preparation listed in 3.2.                     c) Thicknessing             • Demonstrate the       Logs of Timber
                                                                                d) Width                      sawing and
                               • Explain necessary                              e) End                        planing operations    Cut pieces of wood
                                 safety precautions                             f) Length                     on a selected
                                 involved in timber                                                           timber.
                                 processing.                                  • Plane timber to size,
                                                                                following the proper        • Show student how
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                                                                               sequence i.e.                  to select and plane
                                                                               a) Plane the face side         the face side, face
                                                                                   and mark                   edge,
                                                                               b) Plane the face edge         thicknessing,
                                                                                   and mark.                  width, end, length
                                                                               c) Gauge to correct            of the prepared
                                                                                   width and remove           timber for
                                                                                   waste.                     woodwork
                                                                               d) Gauge to correct            construction.
                                                                                   thickness and remove
                                                                                   waste                   • Guide student to
                                                                               e) Plane one end              carry out planing
                                                                               f) Cut and plane the          of timber
                                                                                   measured length to        following the
                                                                                   given specification.      proper sequence
                                                                                                             highlighted in the
                                                                            • Indicate safety                corresponding
                                                                              precautions to be observed     student’s practical
                                                                              while carrying out timber      learning outcome.
                                                                              processing.
                                                                                                     • Take student on
                                                                                                        industrial visits to
                                                                                                        observe timber
                                                                                                        processing in
                                                                                                        detail.
                                                                                                     • Indicate safety
                                                                                                        precautions
                                                                                                        necessary to be
                                                                                                        observed while
                                                                                                        carrying out
                                                                                                        timber processing.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 4.0: KNOW HOW TO INTERPRET WORKING DRAWINGS AND MARK OUT STOCK TO GIVEN SPECIFICATIONS.
4.1 Identify sketches of various • Teach student how to  Chalkboard       • Select tools for marking • Demonstrate           Chalk board
     projects in woodwork.         make simple sketches                     out.                       marking out
                                   as well as working    Lesson notes                                  operations using      Sketches
4.2 Identify working drawings      drawings of various                    • Mark out stock to given    the appropriate
     of various projects in        projects in woodwork. Pictures/posters   specification.             tools.                Real objects of wood
     woodwork.                                                                                                               working tools
                                 • Explain the           Wall charts      • Make simple working      • Teach student how
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                                    composition of a                                   drawings of wood work          to make simple
4.3 Identify the differences        working drawing of       Sketches                  construction.                  working drawings      Pictures/posters
     between 4.1 and 4.2 above.     any woodwork                                                                      of woodwork
                                    construction.            Working drawings        • Represent timber               construction.         Wall charts
4.4Interpret simple working                                                            fastenings on a working
    drawings of woodwork          • Differentiate between    Samples of                drawing.                     • Show student how      Working drawings
    constructions.                  a sketch and a working   woodwork                                                 to represent timber
                                    drawing of any           constructions to be                                      fastenings on a       Samples of woodwork
4.5 Identify conventional           woodwork                 used for exercises in                                    working drawing.      constructions to be
     representations for timber     construction.            working drawings.                                                              used for exercises in
     fastenings etc. on a                                                                                                                   working drawings.
     working drawing.             • Explain with examples    Drawing kits and
                                    of real working          materials                                                                      Drawing kits and
                                    drawings how to                                                                                         materials
                                    interpret drawings in
                                    woodwork
                                    constructions.

                                • Illustrate how to
                                  represent timber
                                  fastenings on a
                                  working drawing.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 5.0: UNDERSTAND THE WORKING PRINCIPLES OF COMMON PORTABLE ELECTRIC POWER TOOLS.
5.1 List the common portable    • Give examples of         Chalkboard        • Identify each portable       • Show student each    Chalk board/
    electric power tools          portable electric power                      electric power tools listed    portable electric
    a) Portable saw               tools namely:            Lesson notes        in 5.1.                        power tool listed in Sketches /Diagrams
    b) Potable planer             a) Portable saw                                                             5.1 and guide them
    c) Portable drill             b) Potable planer        Sketches/Diagrams • Identify the essential parts   to name their        Pictures/Posters
    d) Portable sander            c) Portable drill                            of each portable electric      essential parts.
    e) Jig saw.                   d) Portable sander       Pictures/Posters    power tool.                                         Wall charts
                                  e) Jig saw.                                                               • Demonstrate the
5.2Describe the operational                                Wall charts       • Carry out specific             operation of each    Samples of Portable
    principles of each portable • Present samples of                           woodwork operations            portable electric    electric power tools
    electric power tools listed   portable electric power                      using the appropriate          power tool in        such as:
    above.                        tolls for the student to                     portable electric power        carrying out its         Portable saw
                                  see.                                         tool applying all necessary    specific duties such     Potable planer
5.3 State the uses of each                                                     safety precautions e.g.:       as; planing, sawing,     Portable drill
    portable electric power     • Explain the principles                       a) Portable saw for            mitring, drilling        Portable sander
    tools listed in 5.1e.g.       of operation of each                              sawing.                   holes, cutting           Jig saw.
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   a) Portable saw for                portable electric power                     b) Portable planer for        circles, sand
      sawing.                         tools listed above.                            planing                    papering, rebating,   Working materials e.g.
   b) Portable planer for                                                         c) Portable drill for         etc.                     cut pieces of wood
      planing                       • Explain the application                        drilling
   c) portable drill for drilling     of each portable                            d) Portable sander for       • Guide student to
   d) Portable sander for             electric power tools.                          sanding.                    carry out basic
      sanding                                                                     e) Jig saw for sawing          servicing and
   e) Jig saw for sawing                                                             shapes and curves.          maintenance of the
      shapes and curves.                                                          f) Portable router for         available portable
   f) Portable router for                                                            making moldings             electric power
      making moldings,                                                               grooves, rebating, etc.     tools.
      grooves, rebating, etc.
                                                                               • Perform operations out
                                                                                 with the portable electric
                                                                                 power tools include; sand
                                                                                 papering, mitring, cutting
                                                                                 circles, curves, shapes,
                                                                                 grooving, rebating.

                                                                            • Carry out basic servicing
                                                                              and maintenance of the
                                                                              available portable electric
                                                                              power tools.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 6.0: UNDERSTAND THE WORKING PRINCIPLES OF BASIC WOOD WORKING MACHINES.
6.1 List the basic wood-         • Explain the purpose of Chalkboard        • Identify the essential parts • Show student the         Chalkboard
    working machines namely;       machinery use in                           of the under-listed wood       various wood
    a) Circular sawing             woodwork.              Lesson notes        working machines;              working machines         Lesson notes
        machine                                                               a) Circular sawing             listed in 6.1.
    b) Surface planing           • Give examples of basic Sketches/Diagrams        machine                                            Sketches/Diagrams
        machine                    wood-working                               b) Surface planing           • Guide student to
    c) Thicknessing machine        machines e.g.:         Pictures/Posters         machine                   name the essential       Pictures/Posters
    d) Mortising machine           a) Circular sawing                         c) Thicknessing                parts of each wood
    e) Drilling machine               machine             Wall charts              machine                   working machine.         Wall charts
    f) Single-end tenoning         b) Surface planing                         d) Mortising machine
        machine                       machine                                 e) Drilling machine          • Show student the         Various types of wood
    g) Radial arm sawing           c) Thicknessing                            f) Single-end tenoning         templates or jigs        working machines e.g.
        machine.                      machine                                      machine                   appropriate to each      a) Circular sawing
                                   d) Mortising machine                       g) Radial arm saw              of the machine for           machine
6.2 State the basic uses of each   e) Drilling machine                             planing machine.          repetitive               b) Surface planing
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                                                                                               NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

    wood working machine            f) Single-end tenoning                                          operations.                  machine
    listed above.                      machine                   • Select templates or jigs                                   c) Thicknessing
                                    g) Radial arm sawing           appropriate to each of the     • Demonstrate how              machine
6.3 List types of basic planing        machine                     above-named machines             to sharpen a cutter       d) Mortising machine
    machine and their uses,                                        for repetitive operations.       appropriately.            e) Drilling machine
    such as;                      • Explain the specific                                                                      f) Single-end
    a) Surface/overhead             applications of each         • Sharpen cutter adequately      • Guide student to             tenoning machine
        planer used for             wood working machine           before installing it on the      select the right size     g) Radial arm sawing
        surfacing and edging.       listed above.                  relevant machine for its         of cutter for the            machine.
    b) Thicknesser for                                             smooth operation.                corresponding
        thicknessing and          • Explain the working                                             machine.                  Wood working
        planing.                    principles of two types      • Select the right size of                                   materials e.g. cut
                                    of planing machine             cutter and install on the      • Demonstrate how           pieces of wood.
6.4 List common types of            listed in 6.3 and their        appropriate machines.            to install cutters on
    drilling machine e.g.           specific applications.                                          the corresponding
    Radial arm drilling                                          • Select correct size of drill     machine.
    machine, taper drilling       • Explain the working            bits for a desired hole
    machine and their specific      principles of a drilling       (diameter) on a cut piece      • Guide student to
    uses.                           machine.                       of wood and install on the       select the correct
                                                                   chuck of the available           size of drill bit for a
6.5 List types of circular        • Explain various                drilling machine.                desired hole
    sawing machines and their       common types of                                                 (diameter) on a
    specific uses e.g.              drilling machine and         • Select simple jigs for           piece of wood.
    a) cross-cut saw for            their specific uses.           repetitive drilling
          cutting across the                                       operations.                    • Demonstrate how
          grain                   • Explain the use of                                              to install the
    b) Rip saw for cutting          simple jigs for repetitive   • Set up each machine              selected drill bits
          along the grain           drilling operation.                                             on the chuck of the
                                                                   correctly with the
    c) Dimension saw for                                                                            available drilling
                                                                   assistance of the teacher
          cutting both ends at
                                  • Explain the working            in readiness for carrying        machine.
          the same time.
                                    principles of a circular       out its relevant operations.
                                    sawing machine and its                                        • Demonstrate how
6.7 Outline the functions of a
    mortising machine.
                                    functions.                   • Carry out specific               to set up various
                                                                   operations on the                wood-working
                                  • Give examples of               individual machines              machines
6.8 Outline the functions of a                                                                      appropriately in
                                    circular sawing                observing all necessary
    sanding machine.                                                                                readiness for
                                    machines (see 6.5) and         safety and operational
                                    their specific                 rules.                           carrying out their
6.9 List types of Sanding                                                                           specific functions.
                                    applications.
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                                                                                             NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

    machine e.g.
    a) Overhead travelling       • Explain the functions of    • Carry out basic servicing      • Demonstrate how
       belt sander                 a circular sawing             and maintenance of the           to operate various
    b) Disc and bobbing            machine such as: -            various wood working             wood working
       sander                      a) Ripping to required        machines e.g. cleaning           machines for their
    c) Drum sander                     width                     and greasing before and          specific functions
                                   b) Cutting to required        after use.                       observing all
6.10 Differentiate between a           length                                                     necessary safety
    chain cutter and hollow        c) Mitring                                                     and operational
    chisel used in a mortising     d) Rebating                                                    rules.
    machine.                       e) beveling etc
                                                                                                • Demonstrate how
6.11 State safety and            • Explain the working                                            to carry out
    operational rules to           principles of a mortising                                      repetitive drilling
    observe while working in       machine and its                                                operations using
    the listed wood working        functions.                                                     simple jigs
    machines.                                                                                     mounted on the
                                 • Explain the working                                            available drilling
6.12 State basic servicing and     principles of a sanding                                        machine.
    maintenance operations to      machine and its
    be carried on the              functions.                                                   • Guide student to
    individual wood working                                                                       carry out basic
    machines e.g. cleaning and   • Explain the applications                                       maintenance of the
    greasing before and after      of each of the under-                                          various wood
    use.                           listed sanding machine:                                        working machines.
                                   a) Overhead travelling
                                        belt sander
                                   b) Disc and bobbing
                                        sander
                                   c) Drum sander.

                                 • Explain the basic
                                   differences between a
                                   chain cutter and
                                   hollow chisel used in a
                                   mortising machine.

                                 • Explain all safety and
                                   operational rules
                                                                                                                                 12
                                                                                                    NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                applicable to the use of
                                above-mentioned
                                wood working
                                machines.

                                 • State basic servicing
                                   and maintenance
                                   operations to be
                                   carried on the
                                   individual wood
                                   working machines e.g.
                                   cleaning and greasing
                                   before and after use.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE7.0:UNDERSTAND THE BASIC PRINCIPLES OF CARCASE AND FRAME CONSTRUCTION
7.1 List common carcase joints • Explain the basic        Chalkboard        • Identify various joints  • Show student        Chalkboard
    used in woodwork               principles of carcase                      used in a particular       common joints
    construction e.g.              construction.          Lesson notes        carcase construction.      used on selected    Lesson notes
    a) Widening joints                                                                                   car-case items
    b) Butt joints               • Give examples of       Sketches/Diagrams • Construct common joints                        Sketches/Diagrams
    c) Dowel joints                common carcase joints                      used in carcase          • Demonstrate how
    d) Tongue and groove           used in wood work      Pictures/Posters    construction by hand       to construct        Pictures/Posters
         joints                    construction.                              process.                   common joints
    e) Slot-screw joints                                  Wall charts                                    used in car-case    Wall charts
    f) Angle joints              • Make sketches of                         • Apply the constructed      construction.
    g) Mitre joint                 common carcase joints Models of carcase    joints in a particular                         Models of carcase
    h) Lap joint                   used in woodwork on    joints              carcase construction.    • Demonstrate how     joints
    i) Dovetail joint              the chalkboard for                                                    to construct
    j) Through dovetail joint      student to copy.       Wood materials    • Test a constructed         simple car-case     Wood materials
    k) Lap dovetail joint                                                     carcase for squareness     items using
    l) Cross halving joints      • Show student models                        using appropriate tools.   appropriate car-    Tools for making the
    m) Housing joints              of common carcase                                                     case joints.        constructing the joints
    n) Through housing             joints and their                         • Produce the following                          such as
         joints                    respective                                                          • Make simple car-    -Tenon saw,
                                                                              frame joints by hand
    o) Stop housing joint,         applications.                                                         case moldings       -Chisels
                                                                              process: -
         etc.                                                                                            using appropriate   -Try square
                                                                              a) Butt & Dowel joints
                                 • Explain the principles                     b) Mortise & Tenon         car-case joints.    -Plane etc
7.2 State the uses of various
                                   of frame construction.                         joints
    carcase joints listed above.
                                                                              c) Mitre joints          • Show student        Materials for ripping
                                 • Make sketches of                                                      appropriate tools   edges of manufactured
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                                       various framing joints                                          used for testing     board such as veneer,
7.3 Sketch common carcase              on the chalkboard for      •   Assemble frame                   squareness of a      solid wood
    joints.                            student to copy.               components using                 car- case
                                                                      appropriate frame joints         construction.
7.4 Identify joints used in        •   Explain factors that
     frame construction.               must be considered in      •   Test the assembled frame      • Demonstrate how
                                       frame construction,            for squareness using            to test a car-case
7.5 Sketch common framing              e.g.                           appropriate tools.              construction for
    joints.                            a) Rigidity                                                    squareness.
                                       b) Jointing method         •   Lip edges of
7.6 State possible uses of             c) Squareness of               manufactured boards           • Show student
    framing joints.                         frame in all              using;                          models of frame
                                            directions.               a) Veneer                       joints and their
7.7 List factors that must be                                         b) Solid wood                   respective
    considered in frame            •   Explain the principles                                         applications.
    construction such as:              of triangulation in        •   Identify safety
     a) Rigidity                       relation to the rigidity       precautions to be             • Demonstrate how
     b) Jointing method                of a square frame              observed while                  to produce the
     c) Squareness of frame            construction.                  constructing joints for         under-listed frame
          in all directions.                                          carcase and frame               joints by hand
                                   •   Explain the                    construction.                   process:
7.8 Describe the application of        composition and                                                a) Butt & Dowel
    the under-listed frame             application of the         •   Identify safety                      joints
    joints made by hand                following frame joints         precautions to be               b) Mortise &
    process:                           made by hand process:          observed while carrying              Tenon joints
    a) Butt & dowel joints             a) Butt & dowel                out lipping of                  c) Mitre &
    b) Mortise & Tenon                 joints                         manufactured board.                  Feather joints
         joints                        b) Mortice & Tenon
    c) Mitre joints                    joints                                                       • Demonstrate how
                                       c) Mitre joints                                                to assemble frame
7.9 State the purpose of lipping                                                                      components using
    in car-case construction.      •   Explain the reason for                                         the appropriate
                                       lipping edges of car-                                          frame joints.
7.10 Name the materials used           case items.
    for lipping edges of                                                                            • Demonstrate how
    manufactured boards such       •   Give examples of                                               to test the
    as:                                materials used in                                              assembled frame
    a) Veneer                          lipping e.g. veneer,                                           for squareness
    b) Solid wood.                     solid wood and their                                           using appropriate
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                                                                                                         NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                       respective                                                              tools.
7.11 State the application of          applications.
    the lipping materials listed                                                                            • Demonstrate how
    above in wood work             •   Explain the necessary                                                  to lip edges of
    construction.                      safety precautions to                                                  manufactured
                                       be observed while                                                      boards using
7.12 State necessary safety            constructing joints for                                                veneer and solid
    precautions to be observed         carcase and frame                                                      wood.
    while constructing joints          construction.
    for carcase and frame                                                                                   • Show student
    construction.                  •   Explain the safety                                                     necessary safety
                                       precautions to be                                                      precautions to be
7.13 Show student safety               observed while                                                         observed while
     precautions to be                 carrying out lipping of                                                constructing joints
     observed while carrying           manufactured board.                                                    for carcase and
     out lipping of                                                                                           frame
     manufactured board.                                                                                      construction.

                                                                                                            • Show student
                                                                                                              safety precautions
                                                                                                              to be observed
                                                                                                              while carrying out
                                                                                                              lipping of
                                                                                                              manufactured
                                                                                                              board.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 8.0: KNOW VARIOUS MATERIALS USED IN WOODWORK CONSTRUCTION.
8.1Classify timber into two    • Explain the growth of    Chalkboard        • Identify samples of wood      • Illustrate with
    groups namely:               timber, how it is felled                     belonging to hard wood           annotated sketches   Chalkboard
    a) Hard wood                 and cut into logs for    Lesson notes        and soft wood groups.            how a log of wood
    b) Soft wood                 conversion.                                                                   is converted to      Lesson notes
                                                          Sketches/Diagrams • Identify samples of              timber by the
8.2 State the main structural  • Explain the basic                            manufactured boards e.g.         following            Sketches/Diagrams
    characteristics of hard      classification of wood   Pictures/Posters    a)    Plywood                    methods:
    wood and soft wood.          into hard wood and soft                      b)    Lamin board             a) through & through    Pictures/Posters
                                 wood and their           Wall charts         c)    Block board                sawing
8.3 Differentiate between hard   differences.                                 d)    Chip board, etc.        b) quarter sawing       Wall charts
    wood and soft wood.                                                                                     c) Back sawing.
                               • Explain the structural                     • Identify cut samples of                               Samples of cut pieces
8.4 Define conversion of         characteristics of hard                      Nigerian timbers e.g.         • Present specimen      of Nigerian timber.
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                                                                                               NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

    timber.                         wood and soft wood.            a)    Mahogany,                   of hard wood and
                                                                   b)    Obeche                      soft wood for the    Under-listed Nigerian
8.5 State the purpose of          • Explain the meaning of         c)    Cedar                       student to see.      trees found in the forest
    conversion of timber.           conversion of timber           d)    Afara                                            while the student is on
                                    and its purposes.              e)    Abura, etc.              • Guide student to      field trip:
8.6 Name the methods of                                                                             separate hard         a)      Mahogany,
    converting logs into timber   • Explain the various          • Identify various timber          wood and soft         b)      Obeche
    viz:                            methods of converting          defects listed in 8.11 on        wood.                 c)      Cedar
    a) through & through            logs into timber listed in     an infected timber                                     d)      Afara
         sawing                     8.6, noting their merits       samples, their causes and      • Present specimen      e)      Abura, etc.
    b) quarter sawing               and demerits.                  possible prevention.             of board leaves
    c) back sawing, etc                                                                             and spiky leaves      Samples of
                                  • Explain the meaning of       • Identify the necessary           e.g. Gmelina and      manufactured boards
8.7 State the merits and            seasoning timber and its       precaution to be observed        whistling pine        used in furniture
    demerits of each type of        purpose.                       while carrying out               leaves.               making e.g.
    conversion method listed                                       conversion of log to                                   a) Plywood
    in 8.6.                       • Explain the differences        timber as well as during       • Use chalkboard,       b) Lamin board
                                    between natural                seasoning of timber.             charts and            c) Block board
8.8 State the purpose of            seasoning and artificial                                        diagrams to
    seasoning timber.               seasoning of timber.                                            illustrate methods    d) Chip board, etc.
                                                                                                    of seasoning.
8.9 Differentiate between the     • Explain various
    two methods of seasoning        methods of seasoning                                          • Use chalkboard,
    timber namely:                  timber listed in 8.6.                                           charts and
    a) kiln seasons                                                                                 diagrams to
    b) natural/air seasoning      • Explain the merits and                                          illustrate types of
                                    demerits of kiln                                                timber defects
8.10 State the merits and           seasoning, natural/air                                          listed in 8.11.
     demerits of each method        seasoning and back
     of seasoning timber listed     sawing; noting their                                          • Present samples of
     in 8.9 above.                  specific applications.                                          timber with
                                                                                                    defects and guide
8.11 Name timber defects such
                                  • Explain the needs for                                           student to identify
    as:                                                                                             the type of defect,
                                    proper stacking of
    a) splits                       boards in the process of                                        their causes and
    b) warp                                                                                         possible
                                    seasoning timber.
    c) twist                                                                                        prevention.
    d) case hardening
                                  • Explain the nature of
    e) Collapse, etc.                                                                             • Present cut
                                    various timber defects
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                                                                NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                     listed in 8.11, their              samples of
8.12 Identify causes of timber       causes listed in 8.12 as           Nigerian timbers
     defect such as:                 well as their possible             e.g.
    a) Fungus (dry rot)              prevention.                   a)   Mahogany,
    b) White ants                                                  b)   Obeche
    c) Wood borers, etc.           • Give examples of              c)   Cedar
                                     Nigerian timbers, their       d)   Afara
8.13 Name various Nigerian           locations and specific        e)   Abura, etc.
     timbers and their               applications.
     locations e.g.:                                               • Present samples of
    a) Mahogany,                   • Examples of Nigerian            manufactured
    b) Obeche                        timbers should include;         board namely;
    c) Cedar                         a) Mahogany                     Plywood, Block
    d) Afara                         b) Obeche                       board, Lamin
    e) Abura, etc                    c) Cedar                        board, Chip board.
                                     d) Afara
8.14 Outline the characteristics     e) Abura, etc.                • Illustrate with
     as well as the uses of                                           annotated
     various Nigerian timbers      • Explain the                      diagrams, the
     listed above.                   characteristics of               cross section of
                                     Nigerian timber listed           each
8.15 List types of                   above, in relation to            manufactured
     manufactured boards used        their structural                 board viz.
     in woodwork construction        properties, grain size,       a. Plywood
     e.g.                            figure, colour, density,      b. Lamin board
    a) Plywood                       etc.                          c. Block board
    b) Lamina board                                                b) Chip board, etc
    c) Block board                 • Explain the
    d) Chip/Particle board,          characteristics and           • Take student on
           etc                       structural properties of        field trip to chosen
                                     common manufactured             forests to see
816 Outline the structural           boards.                         various Nigerian
     properties of the common                                        timbers listed
     manufactured board listed     • Examples of the                 above as well to
     in 8.15.                        manufactured board              observe the felling
                                     should include: -               of the trees and
8.17 State where each                a) Plywood                      subsequent
     manufactured board listed       b) Lamin board                  conversion of the
     in 8.15 is used.                c) Block board                  logs into timber.

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                                                                                                          NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                   d) Chip/Particleboard,
8.18 State the advantages of          etc                                                                     • Take student to
     manufactured boards over                                                                                   local timber sheds
     solid wood.                 • Explain the applications                                                     to see how timbers
                                   of common                                                                    are stacked for air
8.19 State the necessary           manufactured board                                                           seasoning.
     precaution to be observed     listed above.
     while carrying out                                                                                       • Indicate all safety
     conversion of log to        • Explain the advantages                                                       rules to be
     timber as well as during      of manufactured board                                                        observed in the
     seasoning of timber.          over solid wood.                                                             course of
                                                                                                                conversion of log
                                  • Explain the necessary                                                       to timber.
                                    precaution to be
                                    observed while carrying                                                   • Indicate all safety
                                    out conversion of log to                                                    rules applicable to
                                    timber as well as during                                                    seasoning of
                                    seasoning of timber.                                                        timber.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 9.0: KNOW COMMON ADHESIVES USED IN WOODWORK CONSTRUCTION, THEIR PREPARATION AND APPLICATIONS
9.1 Classify adhesives used in    • Explain the principles     Chalkboard        • Identify various kinds of • Show student         Chalkboard
    woodwork construction             of adhesion in                               interior adhesives e.g.      samples of interior
    into interior and exterior        woodwork                 Lesson notes        animal, vegetable and        adhesives listed in Sketches/Diagrams
    types as follows:                 construction.                                thermoplastic glues          9.1.
     a) Interior adhesives                                     Sketches/Diagrams   (p.v.c, ponal).                                  Pictures/Posters
         include animal,          • Explain some technical                                                    • Show student
         vegetable and                terms related to the use Pictures/Posters  • Identify various kinds of    samples of          Wall charts
         thermoplastic glues          of adhesives in                              external adhesives such      external adhesives
         (p.v.c, ponal), etc.         woodwork                 Wall charts         as; phenol formaldehyde      listed in 9.1.      Samples of adhesives
     b) Exterior adhesives            construction e.g. Pot                        (cascamite), epoxy resin                         such as:
         include phenol               life, Shelve life, etc.                      (araldite).                • Guide student to
         formaldehyde                                                                                           identify the        Interior adhesives
         (cascamite), epoxy       • Explain the criteria for                     • Identify the composition     composition of      which include; animal,
         resin (araldite), etc.       the basic classification                     of various samples of        various samples of vegetable and
                                      of adhesives into                            both interior and external   both internal and   thermoplastic glues
9.2 State the applications of the     interior and external                        adhesives.                   external            (p.v.c, ponal), etc.
    interior adhesives as well        types.                                                                    adhesives.
    as the exterior adhesives                                                    • Identify real cases where                        Exterior adhesives
    listed above.                 • Give examples of                               various internal           • Show student real which include; phenol
                                      interior adhesives and                       adhesives are used.          cases of the        formaldehyde
                                                                                                                                                       18
                                                                                                         NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                     also, the external                                                        application of        (cascamite), epoxy
9.3 State the composition of         adhesives and their                     •   Identify real cases where     interior adhesives.   resin (araldite), etc.
    various adhesives listed in      specific applications.                      various external
    9.1 above.                                                                   adhesives are used.         • Show student real     Working materials e.g.
                                  • Explain the                                                                cases of the          wood.
                                    composition of various                   •   Prepare various kinds of      application of
                                    types of adhesives                           adhesives for use in          external              Real wood
                                    listed in 9.1.                               woodwork construction         adhesives.            constructions where
                                                                                 observing all necessary                             adhesives are used.
                                                                                 safety rules.               • Demonstrate how
                                                                                                               to prepare various
                                                                             •   Use appropriate adhesive      kinds of external
                                                                                 in woodwork                   and internal
                                                                                 construction applying all     adhesives to be
                                                                                 necessary safety rules.       used in woodwork
                                                                                                               construction.

                                                                                                         • Demonstrate how
                                                                                                           to use appropriate
                                                                                                           adhesive (both
                                                                                                           internal and
                                                                                                           external types) in
                                                                                                           woodwork
                                                                                                           construction while
                                                                                                           observing all
                                                                                                           necessary safety
                                                                                                           rules.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 10.0: KNOW COMMON FITTINGS AND FASTENINGS USED IN WOODWORK CONSTRUCTION.
10.1 List fastening accessories • Give examples of       Chalkboard        • Identify various kinds of   • Show student              Chalkboard
     used in woodwork             fastening accessories,                     fastening accessories         samples of
     construction such as: -      see 10.1.              Lesson notes        listed in 10.1.               fastening                 Sketches/Diagrams
    a) Screws                                                                                              accessories used
    b) Nails                    • Give examples of       Sketches/Diagrams • Identify various kinds of     in wood work              Pictures/Posters
    c) Corrugated fasteners       holding and pulling                        holding and pulling           construction such
    d) Bolts and nuts, etc        accessories, see 10.2. Pictures/Posters    accessories listed in 10.2.   as:                       Wall charts
                                                                                                           a) Screws
10.2 List holding and pulling   • Explain the properties Wall charts       • Identify the materials used   b) Nails                  Real samples of
     accessories used in          of the materials e.g.                      in making common              c) Corrugated             fastening accessories
     woodwork construction        brass, mild steel,                         fittings e.g. brass, mild          fasteners            used in woodwork
                                                                                                                                                              19
                                                                                             NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

    such as:                       aluminium, plastics           steel, aluminuim, plastics,       d) Bolts and nuts   construction e.g.
    a) Hinges                      used in making                etc.                                                  a. Screws
    b) Handles                     common fittings.                                             • Show student         b. Nails
    c) Locks                                                  • Identify real cases where         samples of           c. Corrugated
    d) Catches                   • Explain the reason for a     various kinds of fastening        holding and             fasteners
    e) Stays, etc                  choice of material e.g.      accessories are used.             pulling              d. Bolts and nuts, etc
                                   brass, mild steel,                                             accessories used
10.3 State the properties of       aluminum, plastics in      • Identify real cases where         in woodwork          Real samples of
     materials used for making     making common                various kinds of holding          construction such    holding and pulling
     common fittings. These        fittings.                    and pulling accessories are       as:                  accessories used in
     materials should include                                   used.                             a) Hinges            woodwork construction
     brass, mild steel,          • Use charts, chalkboard                                         b) Handles           e.g.
     aluminium, plastics, etc.     and sketches to            • Select appropriate fittings       c) Locks             a. Hinges
                                   illustrate the use of        and fastenings applicable         d) Catches           b. Handles
10.4 State the applications of     common fittings e.g.         to chosen woodwork                e) Stays.            c. Locks
     fastening accessories and     Butt hinges in               construction.                                          d. Catches
     also holding & pulling        woodwork construction.                                       • Guide student to     e. Stays, etc
     accessories.                                             • Use appropriate fasteners         identify the
                                 • Use charts, chalkboard       to hold two parts together        applications of      Working materials e.g.
10.5Describe how fasteners are     and sketches to              in woodwork construction.         various kinds of     wood.
     used to hold two parts        illustrate the use of                                          fastening
     together.                     common fastenings e.g.     • Fix appropriate fastening         accessories listed   Real wood
                                   locks in woodwork            accessories listed in 10.1        above.               constructions where
                                   construction.                in a chosen woodwork                                   various fastening
                                                                construction applying the       • Guide student to     accessories are used.
                                 • Use chart, chalkboard        necessary safety                  identify the
                                   and sketches to              precautions.                      applications of      Real wood
                                   illustrate how fasteners                                       various kinds of     constructions where
                                                                                                  holding and          various holding &
                                   are used to hold two       • Fix appropriate holding
                                   parts together in                                              pulling              pulling accessories are
                                                                and pulling accessories
                                   woodwork construction.                                         accessories listed   used.
                                                                listed in 10.2 in a chosen
                                                                woodwork construction             above.
                                                                applying the necessary
                                                                safety precautions.             • Guide student to
                                                                                                  select appropriate
                                                                                                  fittings and
                                                                                                  fastenings
                                                                                                  applicable to
                                                                                                  chosen woodwork
                                                                                                                                               20
                                                                                                      NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                                                                                             construction.

                                                                                                          • Demonstrate how
                                                                                                            fasteners are used
                                                                                                            to hold two parts
                                                                                                            together.

                                                                                                          • Demonstrate the
                                                                                                            uses of various
                                                                                                            kinds of fastening
                                                                                                            accessories in
                                                                                                            woodwork
                                                                                                            construction
                                                                                                            applying the
                                                                                                            necessary safety
                                                                                                            precautions.

                                                                                                          • Demonstrate the
                                                                                                            uses of various
                                                                                                            kinds of holding
                                                                                                            and pulling
                                                                                                            accessories in
                                                                                                            woodwork
                                                                                                            construction
                                                                                                            applying the
                                                                                                            necessary safety
                                                                                                            precautions.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 11.0: UNDERSTAND THE PURPOSE OF FINISHING WOODWORK ITEMS.
11.1 State the purpose of     • Explain the reasons for  Chalkboard        • Identify common              • Show student         Chalkboard
     finishing woodwork items   applying finishing                           materials used for             common materials
     namely:                    operations in woodwork Lesson notes          finishing on woodwork          used for finishing   Sketches/Diagrams
     a) For hygiene             items such as:                               items e.g.                     woodwork surfaces
     b) For preservation        a) For hygiene           Sketches/Diagrams   a)    Sand paper               such as:             Pictures/Posters
     c) For aesthetics, etc.    b) For preservation                          b)    Varnish                  a) Sand paper
                                c) For aesthetics, etc.  Pictures/Posters    c)    Polish                   b) Varnish           Wall charts
11.2 Mention some finishing                                                  d)    Paint                    c) Polish
     term such as:            • Explain the under-listed Wall charts                                        d) Paint             Samples of finishing
     a) Job on the white        finishing terms:                           • Identify real cases where                           materials such as: -
     b) Blooming, etc           a) Job in the white.                         various kinds of finishing   • Show student         a) Sand paper
                                                                                                                                                        21
                                                                                          NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                    a.   Blooming, etc.          materials listed above are     various                b) Varnish
11.3 Name common materials                                       used.                          applications of        c) Polish
     used for finishing           • Give     examples  of                                       finishing materials    d) Paints, etc
     woodwork surfaces e.g;         common materials used      • Select appropriate             listed above are
     a) Sand paper                  in finishing woodwork        finishing material to be       used on woodwork       Working materials e.g.
     b) Varnish                     items namely;                used on chosen woodwork        items.                 wood.
     c) Polish                      a) Sand paper                construction and the
     d) Paints, etc                 b) Varnish                   equipment needed for its     • Guide student to       Real wood
                                    c) Polish                    application.                   select appropriate     constructions where
11.4 State the composition of       d) Paint                                                    finishing material     various finishing
     each material used in                                     • Carry out finishing            to be used on          materials are used.
     finishing woodwork           • Explain the composition      operation on a woodwork        chosen woodwork
     surfaces listed above.         of various finishing         item following the             construction and
                                    materials listed above.      appropriate procedure          the equipment
11.5 Describe various                                            listed in 11.5 and             needed for its
     applications of each         • Explain the specific         observing all necessary        application.
     finishing material listed      applications of various      safety rules.
     in 11.3 above.                 types of finishing                                        • Demonstrate the
                                    materials in woodwork      • Carry out basic                appropriate
11.6 Outline the criteria for       construction.                maintenance for finishing      procedure of
     choosing particular                                         equipment.                     carrying out
     finishing material on a      • Explain the reason for                                      finishing operations
     given woodwork                 selecting particular                                        on woodwork items
     construction.                  finishing material for a                                    observing all
                                    given job.                                                  necessary safety
11.7 Describe appropriate                                                                       rules.
     procedure for carrying       • Explain in detail the
     out finishing operations       under- listed steps                                       • Show student how
     on woodwork items i.e.         involved in carrying out                                    to carry out basic
     a) Scraping                    finishing operation on a                                    maintenance of
     b) Sanding                     given woodwork item:                                        finishing
     c) Priming or coating          a) scraping                                                 equipment.
     d) Re-sanding                  b) sanding
     e) Final finishing e.g.        c) priming or coating
        painting                    d) Re-sanding
                                    e) Final finishing e.g.
11.8 State the necessary safety         painting
     rules to observe while
     carrying out finishing       • State the      necessary
                                                                                                                                             22
                                                   NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

operations on woodwork   safety rules to observe
items.                   while carrying out
                         finishing operations on
                         woodwork items




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                                                                                             NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

ASSESSMENT STRUCTURE

        TYPE OF ASSESSMENT   PURPOSE AND NATURE OF ASSESSMENT (GWW 101)                              WEIGHING
        Examination          Final Examination (written) to assess knowledge and understanding       10
        Test                 At least 2 progress tests for feed back.                                10
        Practical            At least 5 home works to be assessed by the teacher                     80
        TOTAL WEIGHT                                                                                 100

RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS AND REFERENCES

NAME:           WOODWORK IN THEORY AND PRACTICE
AUTHOR:         JOHN A. WALTON
PUBLISHER:      GEORGE G HARRAD & CO LTD

NAME:           WOODWORK FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
AUTHOR:         JOHN CLIFFORD
PUBLISHER:




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                                                                                         NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

PROGRAMME:            NATIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY

COURSE NAME:          GENERAL METAL WORK I

COURSE CODE:          GMW 101

DURATION:             1–0–3

UNITS:                4 UNITS

GOAL:                 This module is designed to introduce the trainee to the fundamentals of general metal work processes
                      including fixing of mechanical parts and production of simple engineering components.

GENERAL OBJECTIVES:   On completion of this module the trainee will be able to: -

                      1)     Understand workshop safety rules and their applications in machine shop.

                      2)     Know the physical properties, manufacturing process and application of ferrous and non-ferrous metals in
                             common use.

                      3)     Know how to select and use common measuring, marking out, cutting and striking tools in production of
                             metal works.

                      4)     Understand the basic working principles of drilling machine.

                      5)     Understand the application of various types of screw threads and rivets and be able to rivet and cut screw
                             manually.

                      6)     Understand the ISO system of tolerances and be able to fit their application in engineering production.

                      7)     Know how to produce simple engineering components on the bench.

                      8)     Understand the essential features and working principles of a center-lathe and be able to carry out basic
                             operations on it such as; turning, step turning, taper turning, knurling, chamfering and undercutting.


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                                                                                                                     NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


PROGRAMME: VOCATIONAL ENTERPRISE CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY
COURSE: GENERAL METAL WORK I                                       COURSE CODE: GMW 101                                CONTACT HOURS: 1 – 0 – 3
GOAL: THIS MODULE IS DESIGNED TO INTRODUCE THE TRAINEE TO THE FUNDAMENTALS OF GENERAL METAL WORK PROCESSES INCLUDING
      FIXING OF MECHANICAL PARTS AND PRODUCTION OF SIMPLE ENGINEERING COMPONENTS.
COURSE SPECIFICATION: THEORETICAL CONTENT                                                 COURSE SPECIFICATION: PRACTICAL CONTENT
        GENERAL OBJECTIVE: 1.0: UNDERSTAND WORKSHOP SAFETY RULES AND THEIR APPLICATIONS IN MACHINE SHOP.
Week    Specific Learning Objective      Teacher’s Activities      Learning Resources Specific Learning Objective Teacher’s Activities Learning Resources
        1.1 Identify various safety      • Explain the safety      Chalkboard             • Identify various           • Show student the     Chalkboard
            rules in general metal         rules obtainable in                              workshop safety wears        under-listed safety
            workshop under the             general metal           Lesson notes             and equipment e.g. ;         wears and            Postures/Posters
            following headings: -          workshop under the                               -Overall                     equipment:
            a) General Machine shop        under-listed headings:  Postures/Posters         -Eye goggles                  -Overall            Wall charts
                 safety.                   a) General Machine                               -Hand gloves                  -Eye goggles
            b) Electrical equipment            shop safety.        Wall charts              -Safety boots                 -Hand gloves        Sketches/Diagrams
                 safety                    b) Electrical                                    -Helmet                       -Safety boots
            c) Mechanical fault                equipment safety    Sketches/Diagrams        -Fire extinguishers           -Helmet             Samples of safety
                 safety                    c) Mechanical fault                              -Sand bucket                  -Fire extinguishers wears and equipment
            d) Safe machine                    safety              Samples of safety        -First Aid box, etc.          -Sand bucket        such as; Overall, eye
                 operation                 d) Safe machine         wears and equipment                                    -First Aid box,     goggles, hand gloves,
                                               operation           such as; Overall, eye  • Identify common            etc.                   safety boots, helmet,
        1.2 State sources of hazards in                            goggles, hand gloves,    workshop hand tools,                              fire extinguishers,
            a machine shop and how to • Explain with examples safety boots, helmet,         portable electric power    • Show student         sand bucket, First-aid
            prevent them e.g.              the various sources of  fire extinguishers,      tools and machines.          common workshop box, etc.
            a) Improper handling and       hazards in a machine    sand bucket, First-aid                                hand tools, portable
                 using hand tools,         shop listed in 1.2.     box, etc.              • Exercise caution in          electric power tools Samples of workshop
                 portable electric power                                                    handling hand tools,         and machines.        hand tools, portable
                 tools and machines.     • Explain the application                          portable electric power                           electric power tools
            b) Stepping on or striking     of workshop and                                  tools and machines in the • Demonstrate safe      and machines to
                 obstructions left on      factory safety                                   workshop to avoid            ways of handling     demonstrate their safe
                 floors or benches.        regulations in the                               accidents.                   hand tools, portable handling.
            c) Careless lifting,           machine shop.                                                                 electric power tools
                 moving and storing                                                       • Exercise caution in          and machines in the Television & Video
                 materials or jobs.      • Explain the relevance                            lifting, moving and          workshop to avoid    machines.
            d) Using inflammable or        of safety wears and                              storing materials and jobs   accidents.
                 corrosive liquids and     equipment listed in 1.4                          in the workshop to avoid                          Relevant Posters of
                 gases.                    and their applications.                          accidents.                 • Show student safe    workshop accidents,
            e) Inhaling vapours or                                                                                       ways of lifting,     theirs causes
                 fumes, etc                                                                                              moving and storing prevention, control
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                                                                                              NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                                                                                   materials in the        and treatment.
1.3 Outline the purpose of         • Explain with examples      • Observe the application          workshops to avoid
    applying workshop and             the safety rules and        of first aid treatment in        accidents.
    factory safety regulations        regulations relating to     cases of minor cuts,
    in the machine shop.              the under-listed            electric shock, burns in       • Show
                                      conditions : -              the workshop.                    films/documentarie
1.4 List safety wears and          a. Clothing and health                                          s on industrial
    equipment essential in the        hazards.                  • Apply First aid treatment        safety.
    machine shop e.g. Overall,     b. Workshop hygiene            (when necessary) in the
    eye goggles, hand gloves,      c. Movement and other          cases of minor cuts,           • Show
    safety boots, helmet, fire        behavior of workers in      electric shock, burns, etc       films/documentarie
    extinguishers, sand bucket,       the workshop.               within or outside the            s on workshop &
    First-aid box, etc.            d. Materials handling in       workshop.                        industrial accidents,
                                      the workshop.                                                highlighting their
1.5 State the application of the   e. Tool handling, storage    • Make wall chart and              causes, prevention,
    above named safety wears          and usage.                  posters of workshop              control and
    and equipment in working       f. Machine operation           accidents, their causes,         treatment.
    situations.                    g. Fire protection.            prevention and control.
                                                                                                 • Demonstrate how
1.6 Outline safety rules and       • Give detailed                                                 to apply First aid
    regulations relating to the      explanation of                                                treatment in the
    following conditions:            appropriate remedial                                          cases of minor cuts,
    a. Clothing and health           measures to be taken                                          electric shock,
         hazards.                    in the event of a                                             burns, etc.
    b. Workshop hygiene              workshop accident.
    c. Movement and other                                                                        • Demonstrate how
         behavior of workers in    • Explain the relevance                                         to treat emergency
         the workshop.               of recording workshop                                         cases like artificial
    d. Materials handling in         accidents and their                                           respiration, cold
         the workshop.               treatment e.g. for                                            compress, etc.
    e. Tool handling, storage        management use and
         and usage.                  for reference purposes.                                     • Assist student to
    f. Machine operation                                                                           make wall charts
    g. Fire protection                                                                             and posters of
                                                                                                   workshop
1.7 Describe appropriate                                                                           accidents, their
    procedure to follow in the                                                                     causes, prevention
    event of a workshop                                                                            and control, for
    accident; Examples of the                                                                      display in the
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                                                                                                          NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

    procedure may include;                                                                                     workshop.
    d) Application of First
          aid to the victim
    e) Removal or
          rectification of the
          cause of the accident
          to avoid hurting
          another person.
    f) Reporting the accident
          to the appropriate
          authority.
    g) Keeping a record of
          the accident for
          management use and
          for reference.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2.0: KNOW THE PHYSICAL PROPERTIES, MANUFACTURING PROCESS AND APPLICATION OF FERROUS AND NON-
                                 FERROUS METALS IN COMMON USE.
2.1 List the physical properties   • Explain the meaning of   Chalkboard        • Separate various classes   Guide student to sort Chalkboard
    of metals, e.g. ductility,       the following physical                       of carbon steels and their various classes of
    malleability, strength,          properties of metals:    Lesson notes        applications namely:       steel and their       Lesson notes
    toughness, brittleness,          ductility, malleability,                     a) Carbon steel,           applications.
    elasticity, plasticity.          strength, toughness,     Posters/Charts      b) Dead mild steel,        Guide student to sort Posters/Charts
                                     brittleness, elasticity                      c) Medium carbon steel, various classes of
2.2 Describe the physical            and plasticity.          Pictures            d) High carbon steel.      cast iron and their   Pictures
    properties of metals listed                                                                              applications.
    above.                         • Explain the basic        Audio-visual aids • Separate various classes   Guide student to sort Video tapes
                                     classification,                              of cast iron and their     various classes of
2.3 Name the basic                   composition and                              applications namely;       alloy steel and their Field trip/Excursion
    classification, composition      properties of the                            -grey cast iron,           applications.
    and properties of carbon         following engineering                        -white cast iron,          Guide student to sort Samples of real
    steel e.g. plain carbon steel,   materials:                                   -malleable cast iron,      various kinds of non- objects of engineering
    dead mild steel, medium          a) Carbon Steel family                       -spheroid graphite cast    ferrous metals and    materials belonging
    carbon steel, high carbon        b) Cast Iron family                           iron (ductile/nodular     their applications.   to the under-listed
    steel.                           c) Alloy Steel                                iron)                     Take student on       families:
                                                                                  -chilled iron              industrial visit to   a) Carbon Steel
2.4 Name the basic                 • Give specific examples                       -alloyed cast iron         observe various            family
    classification, composition      of engineering materials                   • Separate various classes   processes of steel    b) Cast Iron family
    and properties of cast iron      and components made                          of alloy steel and their   making listed in 2.6. c) Alloy Steel
    e.g. grey cast iron, white       from the under-listed                        applications namely;

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                                                                                              NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

    cast iron, malleable cast         classification of               -high speed steel,
    iron, spherodial graphite         engineering materials: -        -high tensile steel,                         Samples of
    iron (nodular/ductile iron),      -Carbon Steel family            -stainless steel,                            engineering
    chilled iron and alloyed          -Cast Iron family               -tool steel                                  components made
    cast iron.                        -Alloy Steel                    -manganese steel                             from the under-listed
                                                                      -mild steel                                  non-ferous metals;
2.5 Name the basic                  • Explain the following                                                        Copper, Tin, Zinc,
    classification, composition       steel production             • Identify various processes                    Lead, Aluminium and
    and properties of alloy steel     processes;                     of steel making, their                        Aluminum alloys e.g.
    e.g. high speed steel, high       a) Cupola process of           locations, end –products                      brass (muntz metal,
    tensile steels, stainless             producing cast iron        and applications.                             cartridge brass,
    steel, tool steels,                   in most cast iron                                                        gilding, etc), bronze
    manganese steel etc.                  foundries using          • Identify various examples                     (manganese bronze,
                                          Cupola furnace e.g.        of non-ferrous metals                         tinmetal, bell metal,
2.6 Outline the three                     Railway Co-                listed in 2.8 and their                       aluminuim bronze,
    fundamental processes of              operation.                 applications.                                 phosphor bronze).
    steel making i.e.                 b) The Blast Furnace
    a) The Cupola process of              process of producing
        manufacture of cast               pig iron, available in
        iron.                             Ajaokuta, Kogi
    b) The Blast Furnace                  State.
        process of manufacture        c) The Direct
        of pig iron.                      Reduction process of
    c) The Direct Reduction               production of steel,
        process of manufacture            available in Aladja,
        of steel.                         Delta State.

2.7 Name the plants in Nigeria      • Explain the physical
    where the above named             properties and
    steel making processes are        applications of the
    obtained e.g.                     following non-ferrous
    a) Cupola process is              metals; Copper, Tin,
        available in most             Zinc, Lead, Aluminium
        Foundries producing           and Aluminum alloys
        cast iron e.g. Railway        e.g. brass (muntz metal,
        companies.                    cartridge brass, gilding,
                                      etc), bronze
    b) Blast Furnace plant is         (manganese bronze, tin
       available in Ajaokuta          metal, bell metal,

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                                                                                                              NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

       Steel Company, Kogi          aluminuim bronze,
       State.                       phosphor bronze)

    c) Direct Reduction plant
       is available in Ovwain-
       Aladja, near Warri,
       Delta State.

2.8. Describe the physical
     properties and applications
     of non-ferrous metals listed
     below:-

    Copper, Tin, Zinc, Lead,
    Aluminium and Aluminum
    alloys e.g. brass (muntz
    metal, cartridge brass,
    gilding, etc), bronze
    (manganese bronze,
    tinmetal, bell metal,
    aluminuim bronze,
    phosphor bronze).
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 3.0: KNOW HOW TO SELECT AND USE COMMON MEASURING, MARKING OUT, CUTTING AND STRIKING TOOLS IN
                               PRODUCTION OF METAL WORKS.
3.1 Describe “line”              • Illustrate “line”       Chalkboard             • Make a “line”                 • Demonstrate how     Chalkboard
    measurement.                   measurement and “end”                            measurement.                    to make “line”
                                   measurement.            Lesson notes                                             measurement and     Lesson notes
3.2Describe “end”                                                                 • Make an “end”                   “end”
    measurement                  • Explain with examples   Pictures/charts          measurement.                    measurement.        Pictures/Charts
                                   the differences between
3.3 Differentiate between “line”   “line” measurement and Sketches/Diagrams       • Use datum points, datum       • Demonstrate how     Sketches/Diagrams
    measurement and “end”          “end” measurement.                               lines and datum faces for       to use datum
    measurement.                                           Marking out tools: -     marking out.                    points, datum lines Marking out tools: -
                                 • Explain with examples   datum points, datum                                      and datum faces for datum points, datum
3.4 Outline the uses of datum      the uses of datum       lines, datum faces,    • Identify the tools listed in    marking out.        lines, datum faces,
    points, datum lines and        points, datum lines and chalk or marking         3.5 and their applications.                         chalk or marking
    datum face in marking out.     datum faces in marking solution, center or dot                                 • Demonstrate the     solution, center or dot
                                   out.                    punch, scribing block • Identify various types of        uses of the tools   punch, scribing block
3.5 State the functions and                                or measurement           files listed in 3.6 and their   listed in 3.5 for   or measurement

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                                                                                                                         NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

    applications of the                                             transfer.                   applications.                   metal work             transfer.
    following instruments used       • Explain with examples                                                                    operations.
    in metal work; steel rule,         the functions and            Samples of Linear        • Sketch a bench vice.                                    Samples of Linear
    dividers, calipers (inside,        applications of the tools    measuring instrument                                      • Show student           measuring instrument
    outside and odd-leg                listed in 3.5 for metal      such as:                 • Identify the parts of a          various types of       such as : - steel rule,
    caliper), trammel, scriber         work operations.                                        bench vice and their             files listed in 3.6,   dividers, calipers
    angle plate, vee-block,                                         Steel rule, dividers,      functions.                       along with their       (inside, outside and
    centre square, engineer’s        • Explain the uses and         calipers (inside,                                           grades and             odd-leg caliper),
    try square.                        jobs carried out by          outside and odd-leg      • Identify the under-listed        applications.          trammel, scriber
                                       various types of files       caliper), trammel,         tools used in metal work                                angle plate, vee-
3.6 List various types of files        listed in 3.6.               scriber angle plate,       and their applications:        • Show student a         block, centre square,
    e.g. flat, square, round, half                                  vee-block, centre          a) Cold chisels (flat,           bench vice, noting     engineer’s try square.
    round, angular, warding          • Explain the composition      square, engineer’s try          cross, cut half round,      its component parts
    pollar, mill and rasp.             of materials used in the     square.                         diamond point)              and their functions.   Various types of files
                                       manufacture of the                                      b) Center punch and dot                                 e.g. flat, square,
3.7 State the grades and               various types of files, as   Various types of files          punch.                    • Demonstrate the        round, half round,
    applications of the various        well as their grades.        e.g. flat, square,         c) Scrappers (flat,              technique of           angular, warding
    types of files listed above.                                    round, half round,              triangular, half round)     holding work in the    pollar, mill and rasp.
                                     • Make a sketch of a           angular, warding           d) Power hack saw.               bench vice for
3.8 Sketch a bench vice.               bench vice on the            pollar, mill and rasp                                       filing, tapping,       Hacksaw
                                       chalkboard for the                                    • Identify various parts of a      sawing operations
3.9 Describe the functions of          student to copy.                                        hacksaw.                         etc.                   Power hack saw.
    the various parts of a bench
    vice.                            • Explain the functions of                              • Identify common types of       • Demonstrate the        Hacksaw blades
                                       the various parts of a                                  hacksaw blades, their            uses of the tools
3.10 Describe various                  bench vice.                                             ranges of pitches and            listed in 3.12 for     Bench vice
     operations that can be                                                                    applications.                    metal work
     performed on a bench vice       • Explain various                                                                          operations.            Cold chisels (flat,
     e.g. filing, tapping,             operations that can be                                • Mark out to given                                           cross, cut half
     sawing, etc.                      carried out on a bench                                  specification a chosen         • Show student a             round, diamond
                                       vice e.g. filing, tapping,                              work-piece on a bench            hacksaw noting its         point)
3.11 Describe the holding              sawing, etc and the                                     vice using the following         component parts
     power of a bench vice             holding power of the                                    marking out tools: - datum       and their functions.   Center punch
     while performing various          vice while performing                                   points, datum lines, datum
     operations on it, such as         each operation.                                         faces, chalk or marking        • Show student the       Dot punch.
     filing, tapping, sawing etc.                                                              solution, center or dot          common types of
                                     • Give a detailed                                         punch, scribing block or         hacksaw blades,        Scrappers (flat,
3.12 Outline the uses of the                                                                   measurement transfer.            along with their           triangular, half
                                       explanation of the uses
     following tools in metal          of the tools listed in                                                                   ranges of pitches          round)
                                                                                                                                                                              31
                                                                                                       NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

     works.                          3.12 in metal works.                                                      and applications.
     a) Cold chisels (flat,                                                                                                           Power hack saw
        cross, cut half round,     • Name various parts of a                                              • Demonstrate the
        diamond point)               hacksaw and their                                                      marking out
     b) Center punch and dot         functions.                                                             procedures on a
        punch.                                                                                              bench vice works
     c) Scrappers (flat,           • Explain common types                                                   using datum lines,
        triangular, half round)      of hacksaw blades, their                                               datum faces, chalk
     d) Power hack saw.              ranges of pitches and                                                  or marking
                                     applications.                                                          solution, center or
3.13 Describe various parts of a                                                                            dot punch, scribing
     hack saw and their            • Explain the necessary                                                  block or
     functions.                      safety measures                                                        measurement
                                     applicable to working                                                  transfer.
3.14 Mention the common              on a bench vice and
     types of hacksaw blades,        using hand tools for
     their ranges of pitches and     metal works.
     applications.

3.15 State the safety
     precautions to be observed
     while working on a bench
     vice.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 4.0: UNDERSTAND THE BASIC WORKING PRINCIPLES OF DRILLING MACHINE.
4.1 List various types of        • Enumerate various       Chalkboard        • Identify various types of   •   Show student           Chalkboard
    drilling machine.              types of drilling                           drilling machine.               different types of
                                   machine.                Lesson notes                                        drilling machine.      Pictures/charts
4.2 Describe the main features                                               • Identify the accessories of
    of various types of drilling • Make sketches of        Pictures/charts     a drilling machine e.g.     •   Show student           Sketches/Diagrams
    machines e.g.                  various types of                            twist drill bit.                common
    a) Bench drilling machine      drilling machines       Sketches/Diagrams                                   accessories of         Various types of
    b) Pillar drilling machine     listed in 4.2.                            • Sharpen a twist drill           drilling machines.     drilling machine
    c) Portable power drilling                                                 correctly to manufacturer’s                            namely:
        machine                  • Explain where each of                       specification               •   Demonstrate how        a) Bench drilling
                                   the following types of                                                      a twist drill can be       machine
4.3 Describe the effects of the    drills are best suited:                   • Set up a drilling machine       sharpened              b) Pillar drilling
    following faults in a           a) twist drill (taper                      ready for use.                  correctly to               machine
    ground twist drill bit:            shank, parallel                                                         manufacturer’s         c) Portable power
    a) point angle too acute           shank and jobbers                     • Operate a drilling machine      specification.             drilling machine

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                                                                                                NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

    b) point angle too obtuse               drill and their         in a given job situation.
    c) cutting edges at unequal             relative merits),                                      • Demonstrate how          Samples of drilling
       angles                          b)   flat drill,           • Perform with the above           to set up and            bits
    d) insufficient lip                c)   countersink drill,      facilities, the following        operate a drilling
       clearance                       d)   counter bore drill,     operations observing the         machine for a            Hand reamers
    e) excessive lip clearance         e)   Combination             necessary safety rules:          given situation.
                                            centre drill.           a) Drilling blind holes                                   Machine reamers
4.4 Outline the causes and                                          b) Drilling round stock        • Note; Setting up
    remedies of the following       • Explain with examples         c) Counter-boring and            drilling machine         Bench vice
    drilling faults:                  the effects of the                 counter-sinking             should include;
    a) drill breaking                 drilling faults listed in     d) Drilling large diameter       a) Change of             Metal pieces for
    b) drill coloured blue                                               holes                            spindle speed       drilling operations
                                      4.3 in a ground twist
                                                                    e) Cut internal (through         b) Adjustment of
    c) walls of drilled hole left     drill bit.
                                                                         and blind) and external          drilling table to
        rough
                                                                         threads by hand
    d) chipped cutting lips, etc    • Explain the causes and             reaming method.
                                                                                                          required height
                                       remedies of the                                                    and angle
4.5 State the purpose of               following drilling                                            c) Holding of
    reaming in metal works.            faults:                                                            work on
                                    a) drill breaking                                                     drilling table to
4.6 Describe different types of     b) drill coloured blue                                                required height
    hand and machine reamers.       c) walls of drilled hole                                              and angle
                                       left rough                                                         using
4.7 State safety precautions to     d) Chipped cutting lips.                                              appropriate
    be taken when tapping on                                                                              clamping
    the bench.                      • Explain the purpose of                                              device.
                                      reaming.                                                       d) Proper
4.8 Calculate spindle revolution                                                                          installation of
    or cutting speed for            • Explain the main                                                    the drill bit in
    specified size of drill using     features of different                                               the chuck of
    the formular below: -             types of hand and                                                   the machine.
    S = (πdN)/1000                    machine reamers.
    Where                                                                                          • Demonstrate with
    S = cutting speed (m/min)       • Explain the necessary                                          already set up
    N = revolution/minute             safety precautions to                                          drilling machine
    D = diameter of drill             be taken when tapping                                          how to perform all
    (mm)                              on the bench.                                                  the drilling
    Π = 3.142                                                                                        operations listed in
                                    • Illustrate calculations                                        the corresponding
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                                                                                                          NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                        of spindle revolution                                                  student’s practical
                                        or cutting speed for                                                   learning outcome.
                                        specified drill size
                                        using the formular                                                   • Demonstrate the
                                        shown in 4.8 i.e.                                                      operation sequence
                                    S = (πdN)/1000                                                             to follow in cutting
                                    Where S = cutting speed                                                    internal (through
                                        (m/min)                                                                and blind) and
                                    N = revolution/minute                                                      external threads by
                                    D = diameter of drill                                                      hand reaming
                                        (mm)                                                                   method.
                                    Π = 3.142
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 5.0: UNDERSTAND THE APPLICATIONS OF VARIOUS TYPES OF SCREW THREADS AND RIVETS AND BE ABLE TO
                                 RIVET AND CUT SCREWS MANUALLY.
5.1 Name various thread forms, • Make sketches of the          Chalk board      • Sketch the thread forms    • Show student         Chalk board
    such as:                          various thread forms                        below:                        sketches,           Sketches/Diagrams
     a) the ISO metric thread         listed in 5.1.           Lesson notes       a) The ISO metric thread      diagrams and        Pictures/Posters
     b) the unified thread                                                        b) The unified thread         pictures of         Wall Charts
     c) Whitworth and British • Use diagrams to explain Sketches/Diagrams         c) Whitworth and British      various thread      Samples of real
         fine threads                 the uses of various                             fine threads              forms listed in     objects e.g. screws
     d) British Association           thread forms.            Pictures/Posters   d) British Association        5.1.                Samples of thread
         (BA) thread                                                                  (BA) thread                                   forms.
     e) British Standard pipe      • Use diagrams to explain Wall Charts          e) British Standard pipe   • Demonstrate the      Tapping accessories
     f) Square thread                 the functions and uses                      f) Square thread              uses of the under- e.g. taps, tap wrench,
     g) Acme thread                   the following tapping                       g) Acme thread                listed tapping      die and die stock.
     h) Buttress thread               accessories in metal                        h) Buttress thread            accessories in      Different types of
                                      works; taps, tap wrench,                                                  metal works;        rivet set e.g.:
5.2 State the applications of the     die and die stock.                        • Identify the following        a) taps (taper      a) Snap and pan
    various thread forms listed                                                   tapping accessories and            tap, second        head
    above.                         • Explain the meaning of                       their functions:                   tap, plug)     b) Mushroom and
                                      tapping size or tapping                     a) taps (taper tap, second    b) tap wrench           counter-sunk head
5.3 Outline the functions of the      drill and estimate its                          tap, plug)                c) Die and die      c) Flat head
    following tapping                 value in a given                            b) tap wrench                      stock.         d) Dod rivet.
    accessories in metal work:        situation using the                         c) Die and die stock.
     a) taps (taper tap, second       formular below;                             • Identify the following   • Show student
         tap, plug)                   T=D-P                                           rivet sets and their      pictures and real
     b) tap wrench                    Where                                           applications: -           situations of the
     c) Die and die stock.            T = tapping diameter                        a) Snap and pan head          applications of the
                                                                                  b) Mushroom and               under-listed rivet
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                                                                                                NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                       D = thread top                   counter-sunk head            set:
5.4 Calculate the value of                 diameter                  c) Flat head                    a) Snap and pan
    tapping size or tapping drill      P = pitch.                    d) Dod rivet.                      head
    using the formular below:                                                                        b) Mushroom and
    T=D-P                            • Describe different types   • Sketch each type of rivet           counter-sunk
    Where                              of rivet sets listed         set listed above.                   head
    T = tapping diameter               below:                                                        c) Flat head
    D = thread top diameter            a) Snap and pan head       • Rivet metals together in         d) Dod rivet.
    P = pitch                          b) Mushroom and              any given situations,
                                           counter-sunk head        observing all safety and       • Guide student to
5.5 List different types of rivets     c) Flat head                 operational precautions.         make sketches of
    sets such as: -                    d) Dod rivet.                                                 the above listed
     a) Snap and pan head                                                                            rivet sets.
     b) Mushroom and                 • Give the differences
          counter-sunk head            among various types of                                      • Demonstrate how
     c) Flat head                      rivet sets listed above.                                      riveting can be
     d) Dod rivet.                                                                                   done on metals
                                     • Make a sketch of each                                         observing all
5.6 Differentiate among the            type of rivet set listed                                      necessary safety
    above listed types of rivets.      above.                                                        rules.

5.7 State the uses of each type      • Explain the uses of
    of rivet set listed in 5.5.        each type of rivet set.

5.8 Calculate the diameter of        • Illustrate how to
    rivet and riveting                 calculate the diameter
    allowance in given work            of a rivet and riveting
    situations.                        allowance in given
                                       work situations.
5.9 State all safety rules to
    observe when tapping on   • Explain the necessary
    the bench.                   precautions to be taken
                                 when tapping on the
                                 bench.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 6.0: UNDERSTAND THE ISO SYSTEM OF TOLERANCES AND BE ABLE TO FIT THEIR APPLICATION IN ENGINEERING
                            PRODUCTION.
6.1 Define ISO                • Give the full meaning     Chalkboard
                                of ISO i.e. International
6.2 Differentiate among the     Standard Organization     Lesson notes
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                                                                                                       NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

    following measurement
    terms:                         • Explain the purpose of      Sketches/Diagrams
    a) nominal size                  having ISO system of        Wall charts on ISO
    b) limits (upper and             measurements.               system of tolerances,
         lower)                                                  limits and fits.
    c) tolerance (unilateral       • Give detailed
         and bilateral)              explanation to
    d) fit (clearance,               differentiate among
         transition                  nominal size, limits,
         interference).              tolerance and fits.

6.3 State the importance of        • Use diagrams to explain
    tolerance and fits in            the importance of
    engineering production           tolerance and fits in
                                     engineering production.
6.4 Describe briefly the ISO
    system of limits and fits in   • Explain in detail the
    engineering production.          ISO system of limits
                                     and fits as well as their
6.5 Determine by calculation         applications in
    the amount of tolerance          engineering production.
    and types of fit in given
    situations.                    • Illustrate calculations
                                     on the amount of
                                     tolerance and types of
                                     fits to be allowed in
                                     given situations.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 7.0: UNDERSTAND ESSENTIAL FEATURES AND WORKING PRINCIPLES OF A CENTER-LATHE AND BE ABLE TO
                                 CARRY OUT BASIC OPERATIONS ON IT SUCH AS TURNING, STEPPED TURNING, TAPER TURNING, KNURLING,
                                 CHAMFERING AND UNDERCUTTING.
7.1 List the essential features of • Describe the essential   Chalkboard        • Identify the essential      • Show student a    Chalkboard
    a center lathe such as; lathe     features of a center                        features of a center lathe    center lathe
    bed, head stock, tail stock,      lathe listed in 7.1 and Lesson notes        machine such as:              machine and point Sketches/Diagrams
    saddle or carriage, etc.          their functions.                            lathe bed, head stock, tail   out its main
                                                              Sketches/Diagrams   stock, saddle or carriage,    component parts   Wall Charts
7.2 State the functions of the     • Explain the working                          etc and their functions.      and their
    parts of the center lathe         principle of a center   Wall Charts                                       functions.        Pictures/Posters
    listed above.                     lathe.                                    • Identify center lathe
                                                              Pictures/Posters    accessories and their uses  • Show student      Point tools
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                                                                     e.g. catch or driving plate,       center lathe
7.3 Describe the working             • Explain the functions         face plate, lathe dog or           accessories e.g.      Grinding machine
    principle of a center lathe.       and uses of center            carrier, lathe centers, fixed      catch or driving
                                       lathe accessories listed      and travelling steadies.           plate, face plate,    Center lathe machine
7.4 List center lathe accessories      in 7.4.                                                          lathe dog or
    and their functions. The                                      • Identify the differences            carrier, lathe        Capstan lathe
    accessories include; catch       • Describe the essential       between center lathe and            centers, fixed and    machine
    or driving plate, face plate,      features of a capstan        capstan lathe. In terms of          travelling steadies
    lathe dog or carrier, lathe        lathe.                       their main features and             and where they are    Center lathe
    centers, fixed and                                              functions.                          used.                 accessories e.g.
    travelling steadies.             • Give detailed                                                                          Catch or driving
                                       explanation on the         • Identify types of cutting        • Guide student to       plate, face plate, lathe
7.5 List the essential features of     differences between          fluids to be used for lathe        identify the           dog or carrier, lathe
    a capstan lathe.                   center lathe and             turning and operations as          differences            centers, fixed and
                                       capstan lathe, in terms      well as their compositions.        between center         travelling steadies.
7.6 Differentiate between              of their main features                                          lathe and capstan
    center lathe and capstan           and functions.             • Sharpen cutting tool for           lathe. In terms of     Various types of
    lathe, in terms of their main                                   use in carrying out plain          their main features    cutting fluid used for
    features and functions.          • Explain the purpose of       turning, shouldering,              and functions.         center lathe turning
                                       applying cutting fluids      parting off and facing                                    and operations.
7.7 Name types of cutting              for lathe turning and        operations on the center         • Show student
    fluids used for lathe turning      operations.                  lathe.                             different types of     3-jaw-chuck used on
    and operations.                                                                                    cutting fluid used     the center lathe
                                     • Enumerate types of         • Set up rough and turned            for lathe turning
7.8 State the composition of           cutting fluid used for       stock in 3-jaw-chuck.              and operations.        point tools used on
    cutting fluids used for lathe      lathe turning and                                                                      the center lathe
    turning and operations as          operations as well as      • Select appropriate cutting       • Guide student to
    well as the purpose of their       their compositions.          tool for the center lathe          sharpen cutting        common tools used
    application.                                                    and set them up to center          tool for the           on the center lathe for
                                     • Explain the functions        height for turning or              purpose of             varied operations
7.9 Describe common tools              of the common tools          facing operations.                 carrying out the       such as;
    used on the lathe machine          used on the lathe                                               following              -Round nose turning
    and the materials used in          machine listed in 7.9      • Carry out chuck work               operations on the       tool,
    their manufacture. The             as well as the materials     involving facing, step             lathe machine;         -fine finishing tool,
    tools include; butt-brazed         used in their                turning, undercutting              plain cutting,         -form tool,
    tool, tipped tool, bit and         manufacture.                 raduising, chamfering,             shouldering,           -parting off tool,
    holder and the materials                                        parting off and knurling           parting off and        -boring tool,
    include, plain carbon steel,                                                                       facing.
                                     • Explain with sketches,       on the center lathe.
    high speed steel, satellite,       the functions of tool                                                                  Bar of good length

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                                                                                               NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

     cemented carbide,                 angles (rake                                                                       and 4mm diameter.
     diamond, etc.                     clearance), and their     • Note: Components should        • Demonstrate how
                                       values for different        be produced to specified         to set up rough       Live/dead centers
 7.10 State the functions of tool      metals to be machined.      tolerance and finish             and turned stock      catch plates.
     angles (rake clearance) and                                   observing all safety rules.      in a 3-jaw-chuck.
     their values for different     • Give detailed
     metals to be machined.           explanation on the         • Estimate the rate of metal     • Guide student to
                                      differences among the        removal and time required        select appropriate
7.11 Differentiate among the          under-listed tool            for carrying out specified       cutting tools and
     under-listed tool shapes         shapes and their uses: -     turning operations.              set them up to
     and their uses –                 a) round nose                                                 center height for
     a) round nose rougher,               rougher,               • Set up the lathe machine         lathe work
     b) fine finishing                b) fine finishing            and carry out turning            (turning or
     c) side finishing                c) side finishing            operations between               facing).
     d) knife tool                    d) knife tool                centers.
     e) form tool                     e) form tool                                                • Demonstrate how
     f) parting off tool              f) parting off tool        • Produce simple                   to operate a lathe
     g) boring tool, etc              g) boring tool, etc          components involving             machine for the
                                                                   taper turning using the          following
 7.12 Describe the effects of       • Explain with sketches        compound slide.                  operations:
      wrong setting of cutting        and diagrams the                                               Plain cutting,
      tool on the lathe machine       effects of wrong           • Compute required taper            shouldering,
      such as; vibration and          setting of cutting tool      dimensions from given             parting off and
      chatter of the job, tool        on the lathe machine         data using the formular for       facing.
      rubbing against each other      such as; vibration and       taper ratio below:
      or another object, digging      chatter of the job, tool                                    • Demonstrate how
                                                                   Taper ratio = (d2 – d1)/L
      into the job, etc.              rubbing against each         or                               to make simple
                                      other or another object,     Tan φ/2 = (d2 – d1)/2            precision fitting
 7.13 Define cutting speed and        digging into the job,        Where φ = taper angle            project like
      feed with respect to lathe      etc.                         d1 = small end diameter          hexagonal mild
      operations.                                                  d2 = large end diameter          steel bar making
                                    • Give the definition of       L = length of taper.             push fit through a
 7.14 Calculate the cutting speed     cutting speed and feed                                        mild steel plate.
      and feed for given turning      with respect to lathe      • Carry out basic
      operations.                     operations.                  maintenance of the lathe       • Prepare simple
                                                                   machine e.g. cleaning            exercises that will
 7.15 State precautions to be       • Work examples on the         before and after use,            guide student to
      observed when working           calculation of cutting       greasing before and after        produce
      on the lathe machine.           speed and feed for           use, removing the socket         components
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                                                    NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

   given turning           from electric source,           involving taper
   operations.             proper sharpening of tools      turning using
                           etc.                            compound slide.
• Explain in detail, the
  safety precautions to                                 • Work exercises to
  be carried out when                                      compute the
  working on the Lathe                                     required taper
  machine.                                                 dimensions using
                                                           the formular for
                                                           taper ration below:
                                                        Taper ratio =
                                                        (d2 – d1)/L
                                                        OR
                                                        Tan φ/2 =
                                                        (d2 – d1)/2
                                                        Where φ = taper
                                                        angle
                                                        d1 = small end
                                                        diameter
                                                        d2 = large end
                                                        diameter
                                                        L = length of taper.

                                                        • Guide student to
                                                          observe all safety
                                                          and operational
                                                          precautions in
                                                          metal works while
                                                          carrying out
                                                          exercises on the
                                                          center lathe.

                                                        • Guide student to
                                                          carry out basic
                                                          maintenance of
                                                          the center lathe.




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                                                                                             NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

ASSESSMENT STRUCTURE

        TYPE OF ASSESSMENT   PURPOSE AND NATURE OF ASSESSMENT (GMW 101)                              WEIGHING
        Examination          Final Examination (written) to assess knowledge and understanding       20
        Test                 At least 2 progress tests for feed back.                                20
        Practical            At least 5 home works to be assessed by the teacher                     60
        TOTAL WEIGHT                                                                                 100

RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS AND REFERENCES

NAME:
AUTHOR:
PUBLISHER:

NAME:
AUTHOR:
PUBLISHER:




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                                                                                    NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

PROGRAMME:            NATIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY

COURSE NAME:          GENERAL METAL WORK II

COURSE CODE:          GMW 102

DURATION:             1–0–3

UNITS:                4 UNITS

GOAL:                 This module is designed to introduce the trainee to fundamental heat treatment processes, forging, gas and
                      arc welding.

GENERAL OBJECTIVES:   On completion of this module the trainee will be able to: -

                      1)     Understand the basic principles and processes of heat treatment of metals.

                      2)     Understand the techniques of producing simple engineering components by forging.

                      3)     Understand the basic principles and techniques of gas and arc welding.




                                                                                                                             41
                                                                                                                    NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


PROGRAMME: VOCATIONAL ENTERPRISE CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE DESIGN AND UPHOLSTERY
COURSE: GENERAL METAL WORK II                                 COURSE CODE: GMW 102    CONTACT HOURS: 1 – 0 – 3
GOAL: THIS MODULE IS DESIGNED TO INTRODUCE THE TRAINEE TO FUNDAMENTAL HEAT TREATMENT PROCESSES, FORGING, GAS AND ARC
      WELDING.
COURSE SPECIFICATION: THEORETICAL CONTENT                                             COURSE SPECIFICATION: PRACTICAL CONTENT
        GENERAL OBJECTIVE 1.0: UNDERSTAND THE BASIC PRINCIPLES AND PROCESSES OF HEAT TREATMENT OF METALS.
Week    Special Learning Objective      Teachers Activities        Learning Resources Special Learning Objective Teachers Activities Learning Resources
        1.1 List various heat treatment • Enumerate the heat       Chalkboard         • Identify various heat        • Show student        Chalkboard
            processes namely: -           treatment processes                           treatment furnaces for         pictures/posters
            a) Tempering                  carried on engineering Lesson notes           carrying out the under-        of various heat     Picture/Posters
            b) Annealing                  materials namely;                             listed heat treatment          treatment
            c) Normalizing                a) Tempering             Picture/Posters      processes:                     furnaces.           Sketches/Diagrams
            d) Hardening                  b) Annealing                                  a) Tempering                 • Show student
            e) Case Hardening, etc        c) Normalizing           Sketches/Diagrams    b) Annealing                   real heat           Wall Charts
                                          d) Hardening                                  c) Normalizing                 treatment
        1.2 State the purpose of          e) Case Hardening        Wall Charts          d) Hardening                   furnaces            Various types Heat
            carrying out the respective                                                 e) Case Hardening              available in the    treatment furnaces
            heat treatment processes    • Explain the reason for                                                       metal workshop
            listed above on work-         carrying out each of                        • Observe the application of     and factories.      Pyrometer for
            pieces.                       the heat treatment                            various heat treatment       • Operate various     measuring the
                                          process listed above on                       processes on selected          heat treatment      temperature of the
        1.3 State the operation           a chosen work-piece.                          work-pieces in the             furnaces for the    furnace atmosphere.
            temperature of each heat                                                    workshop or factories.         student to see the
            treatment process listed in • Explain the operation                                                        operation           Tongs for bringing
            1.1 above.                    temperature for each of                     • Identify the critical stages   temperature and     out the heat treated
                                          the above listed heat                         of each heat treatment         critical stages of  work-pieces out of
        1.4 Describe the types of         treatment process.                            process and the resultant      each heat           the furnaces.
            furnaces used for heat                                                      structural behavior of the     treatment
            treatment processes.        • Explain the types and                         work-piece at the various      process.            Materials used in heat
                                          condition of furnaces                         stages.                      • Carry out the       treatment processes
        1.5 State the critical stages     used for heat treatment                                                      under-listed heat   e.g carbon, nitrogen
            (temperature range) of        processes.                                  • Identify all necessary         treatment           elements used in case
            each heat treatment                                                         safety precautions to be       processes for the hardening heat
            process.                    • Explain in detail, the                        observed while carrying        student to see the treatment process.
                                          structural behavior of                        out various heat treatment     procedure and
        1.6 Describe the structural       engineering material                          processes in the workshop      the critical stages Field trips to factories
            behavior of a selected        e.g. plain carbon steel                       and factories.                 of each process:    to see the various
            work-piece at the critical                                                                                 a) Tempering        heat treatment
                                                                                                                                                                 42
                                                                                        NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

    stages of each heat              as it is heated from                                       b)   Annealing       processes.
    treatment process.               room temperature to      • Identify work-pieces that       c)   Normalizing
                                     about 1000oC.              had undergone softening         d)   Hardening
1.7 Describe briefly the                                        by annealing heat               e)   Case
    procedure for carrying out    • Explain the critical        treatment process based              Hardening
    the under-listed heat           stages of each heat         on the reduction of
    treatment processes on          treatment process           hardness of the selected     • Take student on
    engineering materials: -        noting the temperature      work-pieces while cutting      industrial visit to
    a) Tempering                    range of each stage         them with hack saw.            observe the
    b) Annealing                    and the resultant                                          various heat
    c) Normalizing                  structural behavior of    • Identify work-pieces that      treatment
    d) Hardening                    the work-piece.             had undergone case             processes
    e) Case Hardening                                           hardening heat treatment       mentioned above.
                                  • Explain in detail, the      by filing to determine the
1.8 State the purpose of            procedure for carrying      thickness of the surface     • Indicate the
    hardening a work-piece,         out each of the heat        hardness                       necessary safety
                                    treatment process                                          precautions to be
1.9 State the purpose of            listed below:                                              observed while
    softening a work-piece          a) Tempering                                               carrying out
                                    b) Annealing                                               various heat
1.10 State the purpose of case-     c) Normalizing                                             treatment
     hardening work-piece and       d) Hardening                                               processes in the
     the element used in            e) Case Hardening                                          workshop and
     bringing the case hardness                                                                factories.
     i.e. carbon, nitrogen.       • Explain what is meant
                                    by hardening of a                                        • Use hack saw to
1.11 Describe the composition       work-piece and the                                         test the reduction
     of the materials that          heat treatment                                             of hardness of
     should be given heat           processes applicable to                                    work-pieces that
     treatment process e.g.         it.                                                        has undergone
     plain carbon steel, mild                                                                  annealing
     steel, etc.                  • Explain what is meant                                      (softening)
                                    by softening of a                                          processes.
1.12 Outline the safety             work-piece and the
     precautions to be observed     heat treatment                                           • Use appropriate
     while carrying out various     processes applicable to                                    test e.g. filing to
     heat treatment processes.      it.                                                        test the hardness
                                                                                               of case-hardened
                                  • Explain the reason for                                     work-pieces.
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                                                                                                        NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                 carrying out case
                                 hardening process, the
                                 choice of work-pieces
                                 to be case-hardened
                                 e.g. plain carbon steel,
                                 mild steel and the
                                 materials used in
                                 bringing about the case
                                 hardening i.e. carbon,
                                 nitrogen.

                                 • Explain the necessary
                                    safety precautions to
                                    be observed while
                                    carrying out various
                                    heat treatment
                                    processes
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2.0: UNDERSTAND THE TECHNIQUES OF PRODUCING SIMPLE ENGINEERING COMPONENTS BY FORGING.
2.1 Define forging in metal      • Give the definition of   Chalkboard        • Identify the essential    • Show student        Chalkboard
    work.                          forging in metal work.                       features of Blacksmith’s    pictures and real
                                                            Lesson notes        forge.                      samples of          Pictures/Posters
2.2 Name States in Nigeria       • Narrate the origin of                                                    blacksmith’s
    where Blacksmith practices     forging application on   Pictures/Posters  • Identify engineering        forge.              Sketches/Diagrams
    (forging operations) are       engineering components                       components that can be
    most predominant.              in the world.            Sketches/Diagrams   forged such as hoes,      • Show student the    Wall charts
                                                                                cutlasses, axe, cooking     essential features
2.3 List engineering             • Mention the pioneering Wall charts           pot, bolts & nuts, etc.     of a Blacksmith’s   Samples of common
    components that can be         States in Nigeria                                                        forge.              forging tools such as;
    forged e.g. hoes, cutlasses,   engaged in                                 • Identify various forging                        anvil, swage block,
    axe, nuts and bolts, etc.      Blacksmith’s (forging)                       tools listed below: -     • Show student        leg vice, forging
                                   operations.                                                              various             hammers, hot & cold
2.4 State the composition of the                                              • anvil, swage block, leg     engineering         sets, set hammer,
    materials used in producing • Give examples of                              vice, forging hammers,      components that     punches & drifts,
    work-pieces subjected to       engineering components                       hot & cold sets, set        can be forged as    hardie, fullers, top &
    forging process and the        that can be forged (e.g.                     hammer, punches & drifts,   well as those that  bottom swages,
    reason for choice of the       hoe, cutlasses, axe,                         hardie, fullers, top &      are already forged. flatter, tongs (open
    materials.                     cooking pot, bolts &                         bottom swages, flatter,                         mouth, closed mouth,
                                   nuts etc) and the                            tongs (open mouth, closed • Show student        hollow bit).
2.5 Outline the working            materials used in                            mouth, hollow bit), etc.    various forging
                                                                                                                                                     44
                                                                                                 NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

    principles of forging              producing them.                                                tools listed below;
    operation on engineering                                        • Identify the applications       anvil, swage           Field trips to
    components.                      • Explain the working            of various forging tools        block, leg vice,       Blacksmith’s
                                       principle of forging           listed above.                   forging hammers,       workshop to see
2.6 List the main features of a        operation on                                                   hot & cold sets,       forging operations
    blacksmith’s forge.                engineering                  • Select appropriate forging      set hammer,            and factories to see
                                       components.                    tools listed above for a        punches & drifts,      consequent heat
2.7 Describe the working                                              given forging operation.        hardie, fullers, top   treatment processes.
    principle of a Blacksmith’s      • Explain the functions of                                       & bottom swages,
    forge.                             various forging tools        • Produce to specification        flatter, tongs
                                       listed in 2.8.                 given engineering               (open mouth,
2.8 List common forging tools                                         components by forging           closed mouth,
    such as; anvil, swage            • Explain the reasons for        process.                        hollow bit), etc.
    block, leg vice, forging           carrying out forging
    hammers, hot & cold sets,          operations on                • Observe various forging       • Show student real
    set hammer, punches &              engineering components         process on different            applications of
    drifts, hardie, fullers, top &     such as to soften the          engineering components          various forging
    bottom swages, flatter,            materials for subsequent       in a Blacksmith’s               tools listed above.
    tongs (open mouth, closed          cutting, drilling, turning     workshop.
    mouth, hollow bit), etc.           operations, etc.                                             • Guide student to
                                                                    • Identify relevant heat          select appropriate
2.9 State the functions of the       • Explain the appropriate        treatment processes to be       forging tools for
    various forging tools listed       conditions for carrying        carried out on a                given forging
    in 2.7 above.                      out forging operations         component that had              operation.
                                       on engineering                 undergone forging
2.10 State the advantages of           components.                    operation depending on its    • Demonstrate with
     forging engineering                                              applications e.g.               the appropriate
     components.                     • Describe the main              annealing, tempering, etc.      forging tools how
                                       features of a                                                  to produce given
2.11 State the limitations of          Blacksmith’s forge.          • Identify safety precautions     engineering
     forging operation on                                             to be undertaken while          components to
     engineering components.         • Make sketches of               carrying out forging            specification.
                                       various Blacksmith‘s           operations and the
2.12 State the purpose of              forges and their               subsequent heat treatment     • Take student to a
     carrying out forging              components for the             processes.                      Blacksmith’s
     operations on engineering         student to see.                                                workshop to
     component such as to                                                                             observe various
     soften the material for                                                                          forging processes
                                     • Explain the working
     subsequent cutting,               principle of a                                                 on selected
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                                                                                                         NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

     drilling, turning              Blacksmith’s forge.                                                         engineering
     operations, etc.                                                                                           components.
                                  • Explain the application
2.13 Describe briefly the           of Blacksmith‘s forging                                                   • Show student
     procedure of carrying out      tools in the production                                                     relevant heat
     forging operations on          process.                                                                    treatment
     engineering components.                                                                                    processes to be
                                  • Explain the advantages                                                      carried out on
2.14 Describe relevant heat         of forging engineering                                                      forged
     treatment processes to be      components.                                                                 components e.g.
     carried out on forged                                                                                      annealing,
     components e.g.,             • Explain the limitations                                                     tempering, etc.
     annealing, tempering, etc.     of forging operations on
                                    engineering                                                               • Indicate safety
2.15 State the necessary safety     components.                                                                 rules to be
     precautions to be observed                                                                                 observed while
     while carrying out forging   • Explain relevant heat                                                       carrying out
     operations on engineering      treatment processes to                                                      forging operations
     components and                 be carried out on forged                                                    and subsequent
     subsequent heat treatment      components e.g.                                                             heat treatment
     processes.                     annealing, tempering,                                                       processes.
                                    etc.

                                 • Explain the necessary
                                   safety precautions to be
                                   observed while carrying
                                   out forging operations
                                   on engineering
                                   components and
                                   subsequent heat
                                   treatment processes.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 3.0: UNDERSTAND THE BASIC PRINCIPLES AND TECHNIQUES OF GAS AND ARC WELDING.
3.1 List the equipment required • Describe the equipment Chalkboard             • Identify gas welding      • Show student gas       Chalkboard
    for carrying out gas           required for carrying                          equipment and accessories   welding
    welding and arc welding        out gas welding and arc Lesson notes           listed in 3.2.              equipment and          Sketches/Diagrams
    exercises.                     welding exercises.                                                         accessories listed
                                                            Sketches/Diagrams   • Identify arc welding        in 3.2.                Pictures/Posters of
3.2 List gas welding accessories • Give examples of gas                           equipment and accessories                          both gas welding and
    such as; gas cylinder,         welding and arc          Pictures/Posters of   listed in 3.3.            • Show student arc       arc welding
                                                                                                                                                         46
                                                                                                                     NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

    gases, etc.                      welding accessories.         both gas welding &                                        welding               equipment and their
                                                                  arc welding equipment    • Identify engineering           equipment and         accessories.
3.3 List arc welding accessories   • Explain the uses of          and their accessories.     applications where gas         accessories listed
    e.g. electrode, etc.             various gas welding                                     welding process was used.      in 3.3.               Wall charts of both
                                     accessories listed in 3.2    Wall charts of both                                                             gas and arc welding
3.4 State the purposes of            and also, arc welding        gas and arc welding      • Identify engineering          • Show student         processes and safety
    carrying out gas welding         accessories listed in 3.3.   equipment and safety       applications where arc          engineering          guide.
    and arc welding on                                            guide.                     welding process was used.       applications where
    engineering materials.         • Explain the reasons for                                                                 gas welding          Welding gases for
                                     carrying out arc welding                              • Set up gas welding              process was used.    gas welding i.e.
3.5 Differentiate between gas        and gas welding                                         equipment and accessories                            Oxygen and
    and arc welding processes.       exercises on                                            for welding operation in a    • Show student         Acetylene gases
                                     engineering materials.                                  given situation.                engineering          contained in their
3.6 Describe engineering                                                                                                     applications where   respective cylinders
    applications best suited for   • Explain the differences                               • Set up arc welding              arc welding          with regulators.
    either gas welding or arc        between gas welding                                     equipment and accessories       process was used.
    welding process.                 and arc welding                                         for welding operations in                            Electrodes for arc
                                     processes.                                              a given situation.            • Demonstrate how      welding process.
3.7 State the advantages and                                                                                                 to set up both gas
    disadvantages of gas           • Explain applications                                  • Note: The setting up of         welding              Goggles
    welding method.                  where gas welding                                       the welding equipment           equipment/accesso
                                     process is best suited                                  should include choice of        ries and arc         Face shield
3.8 State the advantages and         and why.                                                nozzles for gas welding         welding
    disadvantages of arc                                                                     equipment and electrode         equipment/accesso    Hand gloves
    welding method.                • Explain the applications                                for arc welding                 ries in readiness
                                     where arc welding is                                    equipment. Adjustment of        for carrying out     Tongs for holding the
3.9 Outline the procedure for        best suited and why.                                    gas pressure/flame for gas      their respective     welded components.
    carrying out gas welding                                                                 welding or voltage for arc      welding
    exercise.                      • Explain the advantages                                  welding.                        operations.          Diagrams and charts
                                     and disadvantages of                                                                                         of various welding
3.10 Outline the procedure for       gas welding work.                                     • Prepare joints for both gas   • Demonstrate how      joints
     carrying out arc welding                                                                welding and arc welding         to prepare joints
     exercise.                     • Explain the advantages                                  operation in given work         for both gas         Samples of prepared
                                     and disadvantages of                                    situations.                     welding and arc      joints for both gas
3.11 Differentiate among the         arc welding work.                                                                       welding processes    welding and arc
     shapes and uses of the                                                                • Carry out gas welding           in given work        welding processes.
     under-listed tools in both                                                                                              situations.
                                   • Explain in detail the                                   operation on selected
     gas welding and arc                                                                     work-pieces applying all                             Field trips to factories
                                     procedure for carrying
     welding processes: -
                                     out gas welding                                         necessary safety rules.       • Demonstrate gas      to see various
                                                                                                                                                                         47
                                                                                        NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

     a)   round nose rougher       exercise.                                                  welding operation     welding equipment
     b)   fine finishing                                      • Carry out arc welding         on selected work-     and their uses.
     c)   side finishing          • Explain in detail the       operation on selected         pieces applying all
     d)   knife tool                procedure for carrying      work-pieces applying all      necessary safety
     e)   form tool                 out arc welding             necessary safety rules.       rules.
     f)   parting tool              exercise.
     g)   boring tool                                         • Note; all welding must be   • Demonstrate arc
                                  • Explain the uses and        done in a welding booth       welding operation
3.12 Outline the safety             differences among           and wearing appropriate       on selected work-
     precautions to be observed     shapes of the tools         safety wears.                 pieces applying all
     while carrying out both        listed in 3.11.                                           necessary safety
     gas and arc welding                                      • Apply the use of the          rules.
     processes e.g.               • Explain in detail the       under-listed tools in
     a) Use of goggles and          necessary safety            carrying out welding        • Guide student to
        face shields to protect     precautions to be           operations: -                 weld various
        the eyes and the face.      observed while carrying     a) round nose rougher         component using
     b) Welding components          out both gas and arc        b) fine finishing             both gas and arc
        inside a welding booth.     welding processes e.g.      c) side finishing             welding processes
     c) Using hand gloves and       a) Use of goggles and       d) knife tool                 applying all safety
        tongs in handling the          face shields to          e) form tool                  precautions.
        welded components,             protect the eyes and     f) parting tool
        etc.                           the face.                g) boring tool              • Note; all welding
                                    b) Welding                                                must be done in a
                                       components inside a    • Carry out basic servicing     welding booth and
                                       welding booth            and maintenance of both       wearing
                                    c) Using hand gloves        gas welding and arc           appropriate safety
                                       and tongs in             welding equipment and         wears.
                                       handling the welded      their accessories.
                                       components, etc.                                     • Demonstrate the
                                                                                              use of the under-
                                                                                              listed tools in
                                                                                              carrying out
                                                                                              welding
                                                                                              operations:
                                                                                              a) round nose
                                                                                                  rougher
                                                                                              b) fine finishing
                                                                                              c) side finishing
                                                                                              d) knife tool
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NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

     e) form tool
     f) parting tool
     g) boring tool

   • Take student to
     factories to see
     varied welding
     equipment and
     their uses.

   • Show student how
     to carry out basic
     servicing and
     maintenance of
     both gas welding
     and arc welding
     equipment and
     their accessories.




                                    49
                                                                                             NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

ASSESSMENT STRUCTURE

        TYPE OF ASSESSMENT   PURPOSE AND NATURE OF ASSESSMENT (GMW 102)                              WEIGHING
        Examination          Final Examination (written) to assess knowledge and understanding       20
        Test                 At least 2 progress tests for feed back.                                20
        Practical            At least 5 home works to be assessed by the teacher                     60
        TOTAL WEIGHT                                                                                 100

RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS AND REFERENCES

NAME:
AUTHOR:
PUBLISHER:

NAME:
AUTHOR:
PUBLISHER:




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                                                                                    NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

PROGRAMME:            NATIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY

COURSE NAME:          INTRODUCTION TO FURNITURE MAKING

COURSE CODE:          VFM 112

DURATION:             2–0–4

UNITS:                6 UNITS

GOAL:                 This module is designed to develop trainee’s knowledge and skills in application of safety in the use of
                      wood working machines and in the preparation of timber for furniture construction

GENERAL OBJECTIVES:   On completion of this module the trainee will be able to: -

                      1)     Understand the history of furniture.

                      2)     Understand basic workshop safety rules and regulations

                      3)     Understand the uses of woodwork bench and its appliances

                      4)     Understand woodworking tools and their uses

                      5)     Understand the preparation of timber for constructional work




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PROGRAMME: VOCATIONAL ENTERPRISE CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY
COURSE: INTRODUCTION TO FURNITURE MAKING                        COURSE CODE: VFM 112   CONTACT HOURS: 2 – 0 – 4
GOAL: THIS MODULE IS DESIGNED TO DEVELOP TRAINEE’S KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS IN APPLICATION OF SAFETY IN THE USE OF WOOD
      WORKING MACHINES AND IN THE PREPARATION OF TIMBER FOR FURNITURE CONSTRUCTION.
COURSE SPECIFICATION: THEORETICAL CONTENT                                              COURSE SPECIFICATION: PRACTICAL CONTENT
        GENERAL OBJECTIVE 1.0: UNDERSTAND THE HISTORY OF FURNITURE
Week    Special Learning Objective       Teachers Activities        Learning Resources Special Learning Objective Teachers Activities Learning Resources
        1.1 Outline the history of       • Narrate the existence    White board with
             furniture                     and development of       markers
                                           furniture
        1.2 Discuss why and how                                     Chalkboard
             furniture making came to    • Explain the factors that
             existence                     influenced furniture     Lesson notes
                                           production in the dark
        1.3 State the factors that         ages.
             influenced furniture
             production in the dark ages • Narrate the
                                           contributions made by
        1.4 Identify the countries that    various countries like
             influenced production of      Britain, Dutch, Italy,
             furniture                     Greece and France
                                           towards furniture
                                           production.


         GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2.0: UNDERSTAND BASIC WORKSHOP SAFETY AND REGULATIONS
         2.1 Define Safety               • Give the definition of White board with
                                           safety                 markers
         2.2 Discuss rules and
             regulations applicable to a • Explain rules and      Chalkboard
             wood workshop.                regulations to be
                                           observed in a wood     Lesson notes
         2.3 State the two major groups    workshop
             of safety habits                                     Safety boards
            • Safe working conditions    • Classify safety habits
            • Safe working techniques      into two major
                                           components;

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                                                                                                  NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


2.4 List safety habits in the   -Safe working conditions
    wood workshop               -Safe working techniques

                                 • Explain the under-listed
                                   safety habits applicable
                                   to a wood workshop:
                                  a) Personal safety
                                       habits
                                  b) Workshop safety
                                       habit
                                  c) Hand tools safety
                                       habits
                                  d) Carrying and storing
                                       of hand tools safety
                                       habits.
                                  e) Using hand tools
                                       safety habits
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 3.0: UNDERSTAND THE USES OF WOODWORK BENCH AND ITS APPLIANCES
3.1 Describe the woodwork        • Explain the composition Chalkboard    • Identify various            • Guide student to    Chalkboard
    bench and its appliances       of a woodwork bench                     appliances of a wood          identify various
                                   and its appliances.      Lesson notes   work bench such as; the       appliances of a     Various equipment
3.2 Outline types of                                                       bench, bench vice, bench      woodwork bench      and hand tools for
    construction of woodwork     • Explain various types of Sketches       hook, bench hole-fast,        and their uses.     constructional works
    bench                          construction of                         bench stop, bench well,                           on a woodwork
                                   woodwork bench e.g.                     tools cupboard, etc.        • Demonstrate how     bench.
3.3 List the tools that comprise   a. Single type                                                        to use woodwork
    woodwork bench                 b. Double type                        • Carry out constructional      bench to carry      Woodwork bench
                                                                           work on a woodwork            out                 appliances such as;
3.4 Outline the uses of a        • Explain various tools                   bench such as; planing,       constructional      a. The bench
    woodwork bench                 that comprise                           sawing, cutting, rebating     work e.g.           a. The bench vice
                                   woodwork bench e.g.                     and grooving                  planing, sawing,    b. The bench hook
                                   a. The bench                                                          cutting, rebating   c. The bench hole-
                                   b. The bench vice                                                     and grooving           fast
                                   c. The bench hook                                                                         d. The bench stop
                                   d. The bench hole-fast                                                                    e. The bench well
                                   e. The bench stop                                                                         f. The tools cupboard
                                   f. The bench well
                                   g. The tools cupboard
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                                                                                                          NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


                                • Explain various uses of
                                  a woodwork bench.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 4.0: UNDERSTAND WOODWORKING TOOLS AND THEIR USES
4.1 Define woodworking tools    • Give the definition of  Chalkboard   • Identify woodworking                   • Show student           Chalk board
                                  woodworking tools.                      tools in a wood workshop                various
4.2 Enumerate woodworking                                 Lesson notes                                            woodworking            Sketches
    tools                       • Give examples of                     • Identify the four groups of              tools in a wood
                                  woodworking tools       Sketches        woodworking tools listed                workshop               Real objects of wood
4.3 State with examples the       found in a wood                         below and their examples;                                      working tools
    four groups of wood           workshop.                               i.e.                                  • Classify various
    working tools                                                       a) Holding and supporting                 wood working
                                • Explain the four groups                      tools                              tools into the four
4.4 Outline the various uses of   of wood working tools                  b) Geometrical tools                     main groups of
    each group of                 namely:                                c) Cutting tools                         woodworking
    woodworking tools             a) Holding and                         d) Percussion & impelling                tools earlier
                                     supporting tools                         tools                               identified.
                                  b) Geometrical tools
                                  c) Cutting tools                     • Use appropriate wood                   • Demonstrate the
                                  d) Percussion &                         working tools to perform a              uses of various
                                     impelling tools                      given operation.                        woodworking
                                                                                                                  tools available in a
                              • Explain the uses of the                                                           wood workshop.
                                four groups of wood
                                working tools listed
                                above.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 5.0: CARRY OUT PREPARATION OF TIMBER FOR CONSTRUCTIONAL WORK
5.1 Describe a growing timber • Explain the growth        Chalkboard/whiteboar • Handle tools and materials     • Demonstrate the        *Chalk board/ white
    tree and its structure      structure of a timber     ds                      properly during the             methods of             boards,
                                tree                                              preparation of timber           handling tools and
5.2 Differentiate types of                                Lesson notes            following the teacher           materials involved     *Sketches
    timber trees by their     • Describe different types                          guidance.                       in the preparation
    botanical names and         of timber trees listed in Sketches                                                of timber.             *Real objects of
    classifications             5.2                                             • Classify timber trees into                             wood working tools
    a. Coniferous trees (also                             Specimen of wood        softwood and hardwood,        • Guide student to       e.g.
        called soft wood)     • Explain various types of species used for         giving their botanical          classify timber           Smooth jack plane
    b. Deciduous trees (also    Nigerian wood             furniture making e.g.   names                           trees into                Straight edge
        called hardwood)        specimen used for             Massonia                                            softwood and              Try square
                                furniture making.             Abura             • Identify different types of     hardwood, noting          Marking gauge
                                                                                                                                                               54
                                                                                                                    NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                                                 Afara (White            Nigerian wood specimen          their botanical          Pencil
5.3 List different types of      • Explain the process of        &Black)                 used for furniture making       names.
    Nigerian wood specimen         timber conversion viz:        Mahogany                e.g.                                                  *Specimen of wood
    used for furniture making      -Live sawing (through         African wallnut          Massonia                     • Show student          species used for
    such as;                         & through sawing)           (Cedar)                  Abura                          different types of    furniture making e.g.
    Massonia                       - Back sawing                 Agba                     Afara (White &Black)           Nigerian wood             Massonia
    Abura                          -Quarter sawing               Eki, etc                 Mahogany                       specimen listed in        Abura
    Afara (White and Black)                                                               African wallnut (Cedar)        5.6, used for             Afara (White
    Mahogany                     • Describe in details the   *A sample of fresh cut       Agba                           furniture making.         &Black)
    African wallnut (Cedar)        preparation of timber     timber                       Eki, etc                                                 Mahogany
    Agba                                                                                                               • Take student on a         African wallnut
    Eki, etc                     • Explain the six steps                              • Carry out (while on              guided tour to saw        (Cedar)
                                   involved in preparation                               industrial visit) timber        mills to observe          Agba
5.4 Outline the processes of       of timber listed in 5.2                               conversion by various           and participate in        Eki, etc
    timber conversion e.g.                                                               methods such as;                sawing of timber
    • Live sawing (through       • Explain the term;                                  *Live sawing (through &            into marketable       *A sample of fresh
         & through sawing)         traverse planing in                                through sawing)                    sizes by any of the   cut timber
    • Back sawing                  relation to planing                                *Back sawing                       three methods
    • Quarter sawing.              timber diagonally on a                             • *Quarter sawing                  listed in 5.7
                                   wider board.                                                                          obtained in the
5.5 Define preparation of                                                             • Use standard methods and         saw mills.
    timber                                                                              tools to test for
                                                                                        straightness, squareness       • Demonstrate the
5.6 Outline the six steps                                                               and smoothness on a              standard methods
    involved in preparation of                                                          prepared timber.                 of testing for
    timber i.e. choosing and                                                                                             straightness,
    working on:                                                                                                          squareness and
    a. Face Side                                                                                                         smoothness on a
    b. Face Edge                                                                                                         prepared timber.
    c. Thicknessing
    d. Width
    e. End
    f. Length

5.7 Discuss the term used when
    planing timber diagonally
    on a wider board i.e.
    a) Traverse planing, etc


                                                                                                                                                                    55
                                                                                             NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

ASSESSMENT STRUCTURE

        TYPE OF ASSESSMENT   PURPOSE AND NATURE OF ASSESSMENT (VFM 112)                              WEIGHING
        Examination          Final Examination (written) to assess knowledge and understanding       10
        Test                 At least 2 progress tests for feed back.                                10
        Practical            At least 5 home works to be assessed by the teacher                     80
        TOTAL WEIGHT                                                                                 100

RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS AND REFERENCES

NAME:           WOODWORK IN THEORY AND PRACTICE
AUTHOR:         JOHN A. WALTON
PUBLISHER:      GEORGE G. HARRAD & CO LTD

NAME:           WOODWORK FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
AUTHOR:         JOHN CLIFFORD
PUBLISHER:




                                                                                                                                 56
                                                                                     NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


PROGRAMME:            NATIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY

COURSE NAME:          MACHINE WOODWORKING I

COURSE CODE:          VFM 121

DURATION:             2–0–6

UNITS:                8 UNITS

GOAL:                 This module is designed to develop trainee’s knowledge and skills in the use of woodworking machines
                      for furniture construction.

GENERAL OBJECTIVES:   On completion of this module the trainee will be able to: -

                      1)     Understand the main features, functions and maintenance of cross cutting machine.

                      2)     Understand the main features, functions and maintenance of a circular rip sawing machine.

                      3)     Understand the main features, functions and maintenance of a surface planing machine.

                      4)     Understand the main features, functions and maintenance of a thicknessing and combination
                             planing machine.

                      5)     Understand the main features, functions and maintenance of a narrow band sawing machine.

                      6)     Know the purpose, preparation and application of ‘setting out rods’, route sheets and cutting list.




                                                                                                                               57
                                                                                                                  NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


PROGRAMME: VOCATIONAL ENTERPRISE CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY
COURSE: MACHINE WOODWORKING I                 COURSE CODE: VFM 121                 CONTACT HOURS: 2 – 0 – 6
GOAL: THIS MODULE IS DESIGNED TO DEVELOP TRAINEE’S KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS IN THE USE OF WOODWORKING MACHINES FOR FURNITURE
      CONSTRUCTION.
COURSE SPECIFICATION: THEORETICAL CONTENT                                          COURSE SPECIFICATION: PRACTICAL CONTENT
WEEK    GENERAL OBJECTIVE 1.0: UNDERSTAND THE MAIN FEATURES, FUNCTIONS AND MAINTENANCE OF CROSS-CUT SAWING MACHINE.
        Special Learning Objectives      Teacher’s Activities   Learning Resources Special Learning Objectives      Teacher’s Activities    Learning Resources
1-3     1.1 Describe the main features   • Explain the main     Chalkboard         • Identify the components of • Show student a            Cross-cut sawing
            of a cross-cut sawing          features of a cross-                        cross-cut sawing machine       cross-cut sawing      machine.
            machine.                       cut sawing machine. Lesson notes            and the materials used in      machine and its
                                                                                       manufacturing them.            component parts.      Accessories used by
        1.2 Describe the properties of   • Explain the          Wall chart                                                                  cross-cut sawing
            materials used in the          properties of the                       • Identify various cutters and • Show student            machine such as;
            manufacture of the             materials used in    Posters                accessories for a cross-cut    various cutters and   Saw blades, cutters for
            component parts of the         manufacturing the                           sawing machine such as:        accessories used on   trenching, etc
            machine and justify their      components parts of                         - Saw blades                   a cross-cut sawing
            use.                           the machine.                                - Cutters for trenching.       machine.              Materials, e.g. wood
                                                                                                                                            etc.
        1.3 Outline the functions of a   • Give examples of                        • Sharpen saw blade              • Demonstrate how to
            cross-cut sawing machine.      the functions of a                          accurately for use on a        sharpen saw blade
                                           cross-cut sawing                            cross-cut sawing machine.      for use on the
        1.4 Name various cutters and       machine.                                                                   machine.
            accessories for cross-cut                                              • Mount and dismount
            sawing machine e.g. saw-     • Explain the working                         machine cutters correctly    • Demonstrate how to
            blades, cutters for            principles of the                           e.g. saw blade on a cross-     mount and dismount
            trenching.                     operations                                  cut sawing machine.            cutters e.g. saw
                                           performed by a                                                             blade on the
        1.5 State necessary precautions    cross-cut sawing                        • Set up and use the machine       machine.
            to be taken when using a       machine.                                    to carry out its range of
            cross-cut sawing machine.                                                  functions e.g.               • Demonstrate the use
                                         • Explain necessary                          -cutting operations (straight   of a cross-cut
        1.6 State possible hazards         safety measures to                           and angular),                 sawing machine to
            related to the use of the      take when using a                          -trenching operations, etc,     perform specific
            machine and their causes.      cross-cut sawing                             while observing               tasks such as cutting
                                           machine.                                     appropriate safety            operations, trenching
        1.7 Describe the basic servicing                                                measures.                     operations etc, while
            and maintenance of a cross- • Explain the                                                                 observing all

                                                                                                                                                              58
                                                                                                             NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

          cut sawing machine.          functions of various                                                        operational and
                                       cutters and                              •   Carry out routine servicing    safety precautions.
                                       accessories used by                          and maintenance
                                       a cross-cut sawing                           operations on the machine     • Guide student to
                                       machine.                                     e.g. routine cleaning after    carry out necessary
                                                                                    use, regular greasing and      routine servicing and
                                    • Explain the potential                         oiling                         maintenance on the
                                      causes of hazards                                                            machine.
                                      that can occur while
                                      using a cross-cut
                                      sawing machine.

                                    • Explain the methods
                                          of carrying out basic
                                          servicing and
                                          maintenance of a
                                          cross-cut sawing
                                          machine and
                                          necessary
                                          precautions to
                                          observe while using
                                          it.
      GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2.0: UNDERSTAND THE MAIN FEATURES, FUNCTIONS AND MAINTENANCE OF A CIRCULAR RIP SAWING MACHINE.
4–5   2.1 Describe the main features    • Explain the main      Chalk board • Identify the main parts of a • Show student a real   Chalkboard
          of a circular rip sawing        features of circular                circular rip sawing            circular rip sawing
          machine.                        rip saw machine.      Lesson note   machine and the materials      machine and guide     Saw blade
                                                                              used in their manufacture.     them to identify its
      2.2 Describe materials used in    • Explain the           Charts                                       component parts as    Riving knife
          the manufacture of the          components parts of               • Identify various               well as the materials
          components parts of the         a circular rip sawing Sketches      accessories used on a          used in their         Circular rip sawing
          machine and justify their       machine and the                     circular rip sawing            manufacture.          machine
          use.                            materials used in                   machine.
                                          making them.                                                     • Show student the      Wood
      2.3 List various accessories of a                                     • Set and sharpen blades         accessories used on
          circular rip sawing machine • Give examples of                      proficiently.                  a circular rip sawing Fence
          such as; saw blade, riving      the accessories of a                                               machine such as;
          knife, etc.                     circular rip sawing               • Set and sharpen saw blades     saw blade, riving     Crown Guard
                                          machine and their                   and riving knife               knife, etc.
      2.4 Describe the functions of a
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    circular rip sawing             uses.                      proficiently.
    machine.                                                                                  • Guide student to set    Push Stick
                                  • Explain the scope of   •   Mount and dismount               and sharpen saw
2.5 State necessary safety and      operation of a             machine cutter correctly,        blade and riving
     operational precautions to     circular rip sawing        e.g. saw blade, riving knife     knife for use on the
     be observed when using the     machine e.g.               etc, on the circular rip         machine.
     machine such as;                 a. Trenching             sawing machine.
    a) Correct use of guards.         b. Grooving                                             • Demonstrate how to
    b) Proper use of goggles,         c. Rebating          •   Fix and adjust the riving        mount and dismount
         etc.                         d. Tenoning              knife correctly on the           cutters (saw blade,
                                      e. Mitring, etc          machine.                         riving knife) on a
2.5 Outline basic maintenance                                                                   circular rip sawing
    and servicing works to be     • Explain the possible   •   Set up and use the circular      machine.
    carried on a circular rip       hazards associated         rip sawing machine for the
    sawing machine                  with the use of the        following operations.          • Demonstrate the
                                    machine, their             -rip sawing                      uses of the circular
                                    potential causes,          -grooving                        rip sawing machine
                                    prevention and             -rebating                        to perform specific
                                    treatment.                 -tenoning                        jobs like rip sawing,
                                                               -mitring, etc                    grooving, rebating,
                                  • Explain the methods                                         tenoning, mitring,
                                    of maintaining and     •    Identify jigs and fixtures      etc, observing all
                                    servicing a circular        used in combination with        operational and
                                    rip sawing machine          a circular rip sawing           safety precautions.
                                    such as; regular            machine for intricate and
                                    greasing and oiling.        repetitive jobs, e.g.         • Show student jigs
                                                                tapering, mitering, etc in      and fixtures used in
                                                                machine wood working.           intricate and
                                                                                                repetitive jobs e.g.
                                                           •    Undertake routine               tapering, mitering in
                                                                servicing and maintenance       machine wood
                                                                of circular rip sawing          working.
                                                                machine, e.g. cleaning
                                                                                 • Guide student to
                                                                after use, regular greasing
                                                                and oiling, etc    carry out necessary
                                                                                   routine service and
                                                                                   maintenance on the
                                                                                   machine.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 3.0: UNDERSTAND THE MAIN FEATURES, FUNCTIONS AND MAINTENANCE OF SURFACE PLANING MACHINE.
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8   3.1 Describe the main features of   • Explain the main        Chalkboard          • Identify the component parts   • Show student a          Chalkboard
        surface planing machine.          features of a surface                         of a surface planing machine     surface planing
                                          planing machine.        Lesson notes          and the materials used in        machine and guide       Pictures/Posters
    3.2 Name the major parts of a                                                       manufacturing them.              them to identify its
        surface planing machine and     • Explain the             Posters/pictures                                       component parts as      Sketches/diagrams
        their functions.                  functions of the                            • Mount and dismount cutters       well as the materials
                                          component parts of      Sketches/diagrams     correctly on a surface           used in                 Surface planing
    3.3 State materials used in           the machine and the                           planing machine.                 manufacturing           machine and its
         manufacturing the                materials used in                                                              them.
         component parts of the           manufacturing them.                         • Grind, hone and set cutters                              Saw blade
         machine.                                                                       for use in a surface planing   • Guide the student in
                                        • Explain the uses of a                         machine.                         operation of the        Wood
    3.4 Outline the functions of a        surface planing                                                                surface planing
        surface planing machine,          machine such as:                            • Perform the following            machine to perform
        such as;                           -surfacing                                   operations with the surface      specific jobs listed
        -surfacing                         -tapering                                    planer:                          in 3.4 observing all
        -tapering                          -chamfering                                  -Surfacing and edging            necessary safety
        -chamfering                        -bevelling                                   -Tapering                        and operational
        -bevelling                         -through and                                 -Chamfering                      precautions.
        -through & stopped                 stopped Rebating,                            -Through and stopped
        rebating, etc.                     etc                                           rebating.                     • Guide student to
                                                                                                                         carry out necessary
    3.4 Outline the necessary           • Explain the principle                       • Undertake routine service        routine service and
        precautions to take while         of operations of a                            and maintenance of the           maintenance on a
        using a surface planing           surface planing                               machine.                         surface planing
        machine.                          machine in                                                                     machine
                                          performing all its
    3.5 Describe the routine              duties listed above.
        maintenance and servicing
        to be carried on a surface
        planner; such as cleaning the   • Explain possible
        dust, oiling the parts, etc.      hazards that can
                                          arise with the use of
                                          surface planing
                                          machine, their
                                          causes, prevention
                                          and treatment.

                                        • Explain the basic
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                                        maintenance and
                                        servicing to be
                                        carried on a surface
                                        planner e.g. constant
                                        cleaning and oiling.
    GENERAL OBJECTIVE 4.0: UNDERSTAND THE MAIN FEATURES, FUNCTIONS AND MAINTENANCE OF THICKNESSING AND COMBINATION
                                   PLANING MACHINE.
9   4.1 Describe the main features    • Explain the main      Chalkboard        • Identify component parts of   • Show student a      Chalkboard
        of thicknessing and             features of the                           a thicknessing and              thickness and
        combination planing             thicknessing and      Lesson note.        combination planing             combination         Wall chart
        machine.                        combination planing                       machine and the materials       panning machine
                                        machine and the       Wall chart          used in their manufacture.      and its component   Posters/Pictures
    4.2 List the various materials      materials used in                                                         parts.
        used in the manufacture of      manufacturing them. Posters/Pictures    • Sharpen and set cutters                             Sketches/Diagrams
        the component parts and                                                   using                         • Guide student to
        justify their use.            • State the functions   Sketches/Diagrams   -Patient device                 sharpen and set     Thicknessing &
                                        of the component                          -Wooden straight edge           cutters for the
    4.3 State the functions of the      parts of the machine.                                                     machine, using      Combination
        major components of the                                                 • Mount and dismount the          patent device and
        machines.                     • Explain the basic                         cutters correctly on the        wooden straight     Planing machine
                                        operations and uses                       machine.                        edge.
    4.4 Describe the basic              of a thicknessing                                                                             Wood
        operations of a thicknessing    and combination                         • Carry out specific operation  • Demonstrate how to
        and combination planing         planing machine.                          on a thicknessing and           mount and
        machine.                                                                  combination planing             dismount cutters
                                      • Explain the working                       machine, observing all          correctly on a
    4.5 State possible hazards          principles of the                         safety and operational rules.   thicknessing and
        related to the use of the       machine in carrying                                                       combination
        thicknessing and                out its basic                           • Undertake routine service       planing machine.
        combination planing             operations.                               and maintenance of a
        machine and their potential                                                                             • Demonstrate the
                                                                                  thicknessing and
        causes.
                                      • Explain likely                            combination planing             operation of a
                                        accidents that can                        machines.                       thicknessing and
    4.6 Outline the safety and          occur while using                                                         combination
        operational precautions to      the machine, their                                                        machine in
        be observed when operating      potential causes,                                                         performing specific
        the thicknessing and            prevention and                                                            jobs observing all
        combination planing             solution.                                                                 necessary
        machine e.g.                                                                                              operational and
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              - using sharp and balanced                                                                                 safety requirements.
                cutter                       • Explain the safety
              - maintaining correct            precautions to be                                                       • Guide student to
                operation posture              observed when                                                             carry out necessary
            - isolating power source soon      working on the                                                            routine servicing
              after operation etc.             machine, see 4.6.                                                         and maintenance of
                                                                                                                         the machine.
          4.7 Describe basic servicing and   • Explain basic
              maintenance of the machine.      maintenance of the
                                               machine.
          GENERAL OBJECTIVE: 5.0: UNDERSTAND THE MAIN FEATURES, FUNCTIONS AND MAINTENANCE OF A NARROW-BAND SAWING MACHINE.
10 – 11   5.1 Describe the main features of • Explain the main      Chalk Board       • Identify their main features  • Show student a       Chalk Board
               a narrow band sawing            features of a narrow                     of a narrow band sawing         narrow band
               machine.                        band sawing          Lesson note         machine and the materials       sawing machine       Sketches/Diagrams
                                               machine.                                 used in manufacturing the       and its components
          5.2 Name the component parts of                           Sketches/Diagrams   parts.                          parts.               Posters/Picture
               the narrow band sawing        • Explain the various
               machine.                        parts of a machine   Posters/Pictures  • Mount and dismount band       • Guide student to set Narrow-band sawing
                                               and the materials                        saw blade accurately on the     up and sharpen       machine and its
          5.3 State the materials used in      used in                                  wheels of the machine.          narrow band saw      accessories
               making the parts of the         manufacturing them.                                                      blade (manually or
               machine.                                                               • Identify jigs applicable to a   with sharpening      Materials used in
                                             • Explain the                              narrow-band sawing              machine).            manufacturing the parts
          5.4 Outline the functions of the     functions of the                         machine for use in                                   of the machine.
               parts of the narrow band        various parts of the                     producing repetitive jobs.    • Demonstrate how
               sawing machine.                 machine.                                                                 to mount and         Jigs used on the
                                                                                      • Set up and sharpen narrow       dismount saw blade machine for repetitive
          5.5 Describe the operations        • Explain the scope of                     band saw blade (manually or     on the wheels of     jobs.
               performed by a narrow band      operations and                           with sharpening machine).       the machine.
               sawing machine.                 working principles                                                                            Working materials for
                                               of a narrow band                       • Braze or butt-weld broken     • Demonstrate how      the machine such as
          5.6 Outline the safety and           sawing machine.                          saw blade.                      to braze or butt     wood.
               operational precautions to be                                                                            weld a broken saw
               observed when operating the • Explain the safety                       • Calculate the length of the     blade.               Saw blade
               narrow-band machine.            precautions to be                        narrow band saw blade.
                                               observed when                                                          • Work some            Cutter
          5.7 Describe the procedure of        working on the                         • Set up and use the machine      examples of
               carrying out routine service    narrow-band sawing                       for various band-sawing         calculations to      Brazing machine
               and maintenance of a
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         narrow-band sawing             machine such as;                              operations, while observing      determine the
         machine.                       -ensuring that the                            all safety and operational       length of a narrow-   Welding machine for
                                          wheels are clean,                           rules.                           band saw blade.       joining the broken saw
                                                                                                                                             blade.
                                        -isolating power                            • Undertake routine service     • Guide student to
                                          before fixing the                           and maintenance of a narrow     carry out specific
                                          saw blade,                                  band sawing machine.            operations on a
                                        -ensuring that both                                                           narrow-band
                                          the top and bottom                                                          sawing machine
                                          wheels are                                                                  observing all safety
                                          properly covered                                                            and operational
                                          before operating                                                            precautions.
                                          the machine, etc.
                                                                                                                    • Guide student to
                                     • Explain routine                                                                carry out routine
                                           service and                                                                serving and
                                           maintenance of a                                                           maintenance of a
                                           narrow-band sawing                                                         narrow-band
                                           machine.                                                                   sawing machine.
     GENERA OBJECTIVE 6.0: KNOW THE PURPOSE, PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF ‘SETTING OUT ROD’ ROUTE SHEET AND CUTTING
                                    LIST
12   6.1 Define the following terms;     • Explain the            Chalkboard        • Differentiate between height • Demonstrate how        Chalkboard
          rod, route sheet and cutting     following wood                             and width rod. (Note that all   to prepare ‘setting-
          list.                            working terms          Lesson notes        height and width rods are       out rod’, route       Sketches/Diagrams
                                             - Rod                                    usually produced full size).    sheet to
     6.2 Differentiate between rod           - Route sheet        Posters/Pictures                                    specification for the Pictures/Posters
          and route sheet.                   - Cutting list       Sketches/Diagrams • Prepare a ‘setting-out rod’     production of
                                                                                      for purpose of production       joinery and           Wall chart
     6.3 Differentiate between the       • Explain the            Wall chart          work in a workshop.             furniture items such
          application of ‘setting out       differences between                                                       as door, stool,       Samples of rods.
          rod’ and route sheet.             ‘setting out rod’ and                   • Produce a standard ‘setting-    kitchen unit,
                                            route sheet, and                          out rod’ for common             bookshelf, etc.       Route sheet
     6.4 State the advantages and           also, their                               woodwork joinery or
          limitations of rods and route     applications.                             furniture items such as door, • Demonstrate how       Cutting list
          sheet.                                                                      stool, kitchen unit and         to prepare typical
                                         • Explain the purpose                        bookshelf.                      cutting list for each
     6.5 State the advantages of            of ‘setting out rod’                                                      item of the
          cutting out list.                 and route sheet,                        • Prepare route sheet for the     woodwork listed
                                            their advantages and                      production of the above         above following a
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  limitations.              listed joinery and furniture     standard procedure.
                            items.
• Explain the purpose
  of making cutting      • Make a cutting list for each
  list and its             item of woodwork to be
  importance in            produced.
  determining the cost
  of a job.




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                                                                                             NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

ASSESSMENT STRUCTURE

        TYPE OF ASSESSMENT   PURPOSE AND NATURE OF ASSESSMENT (VFM 121)                              WEIGHING
        Examination          Final Examination (written) to assess knowledge and understanding       10
        Test                 At least 2 progress tests for feed back.                                10
        Practical            At least 5 home works to be assessed by the teacher                     80
        TOTAL WEIGHT                                                                                 100

RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS AND REFERENCES

NAME:           WOODWORK IN THEORY AND PRACTICE
AUTHOR:         JOHN A. WALTON
PUBLISHER:      GEORGE G. HARRAD & CO LTD

NAME:           WOODWORK FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
AUTHOR:         JOHN CLIFFORD
PUBLISHER:




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PROGRAMME:            NATIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY

COURSE NAME:          MACHINE WOODWORKING II

COURSE CODE:          VFM 211

DURATION:             2–0–6

UNITS:                8 UNITS

GOAL:                 This module is designed to develop the trainee’s knowledge and skills in the use of advanced
                      woodworking machines, and portable electric power tools for furniture construction.

GENERAL OBJECTIVES:   On completion of this module the trainee will be able to:

                      1)     Understand the main features, functions, operations and maintenance of mortising machine.

                      2)     Understand the main features, functions, operations and maintenance of a single-end tenoning
                             machine.

                      3)     Understand the principles of operation of various sanding machines.

                      4)     Understand the main features, principles of operations of portable electric power tools.

                      5)     Understand the principles of frame construction and common joints used in furniture making.




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PROGRAMME: VOCATIONAL ENTERPRISE CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY
COURSE: MACHINE WOOD WORKING II                 COURSE CODE: VFM 211                 CONTACT HOURS: 2 – 0 – 6
GOAL: THIS MODULE IS DESIGNED TO DEVELOP TRAINEE’S KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS IN THE USE OF ADVANCED WOODWORKING MACHINES
      AND PORTABLE ELECTRIC POWER TOOLS FOR FURNITURE CONSTRUCTION.
COURSE SPECIFICATION: THEORETICAL CONTENT.                                           COURSE SPECIFICATION: PRACTICAL CONTENT.
Week     GENERAL OBJECTIVE 1.0: UNDERSTAND THE MAIN FEATURES, FUNCTIONS, OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE OF A MORTISING
                                         MACHINE.
         Special Learning Objectives       Teacher’s Activities   Learning Resources Special Learning Objectives      Teacher’s Activities    Learning Resources
1–3      1.1 Describe the main features    • Explain the          Lesson notes        • Identify various parts of a   • Show student a         The mortising
             of a mortising machine.         component parts of                         mortising machine and the       mortising machine      machine.
                                             a mortising machine Chalkboard             materials used in               and its components
         1.2 Sketch a general design of      and materials used                         manufacturing them.             parts.                 Materials for
             the machine.                    in manufacturing     Pictures/diagrams                                                            operations in the
                                             them.                                    • Select appropriate hollow     • Guide student to       machine
         1.3 Outline the functions of a                           Templates             chisel cutter or chain cutter   select appropriate
             mortising machine e.g.        • Use diagrams to                            for the mortising machine.      hollow chisel cutter   Wood Templates
             boring hole for tenoning.       explain the layout                                                         or chain cutter for
                                             of the machine.                          • Install and remove the          the mortising          Mortise chisel or
         1.4 Differentiate between the                                                  selected cutters correctly      machine.               chain
             two types of cutters used on • Explain the scope of                        from the machine.
             the machine                     operations of a                                                          • Demonstrate how        Hollow chisel cutter
                                             mortising machine.                       • Grind and sharpen mortise       to sharpen
                  a. Hollow chisel                                                      chisel or chain for use on      appropriate cutters    Chain cutter
                       cutter              • Give the differences                       the machine.                    as well as to install
                                             between hollow                                                             and remove them
                  b. Chain cutter            chisel cutter and                        • Set up the machine              from a mortising
                                             chain cutter and                           correctly for use.              machine.
         1.5 State the type of jobs most     their uses on a
             suitable for each cutter        mortising machine.                       • Carry out normal and          • Demonstrate how
             listed above.                                                              repetitive mortising            to grind and
                                           • Explain types of                           operations to given             sharpen a mortise
         1.6 Describe the types of           jobs that can be                           specifications while            chisel of chain for
             clamping devices and            carried out by each                        applying safety and             use on a mortising
             attachments used by the         type of cutter                             operational precautions         machine.
             mortising machine.              mentioned above.                           related to the use of the
                                                                                        machine.                      • Demonstrate how
         1.7 State all safety and          • Explain type of                                                            to set up the
             operational precautions to
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          be observed with the use of    clamping devices                                                               machine and
          a mortising machine.           and attachments for                          • Undertake routine serving       perform various
                                         the mortising                                  and maintenance of the          stages of operations
      1.8 Describe routine serving       machine.                                       machine.                        from normal to
          and maintenance to be                                                                                         repetitive jobs,
          carried on a mortising         • Explain safety and                                                           observing all safety
          machine.                         operational                                                                  and operational
                                           precautions                                                                  rules.
                                           applicable to the use
                                           of the machine and                                                      • Guide student to
                                           the basic servicing                                                       carry out routine
                                           and maintenance to                                                        servicing and
                                           be carried out by                                                         maintenance of the
                                           the users.                                                                machine.
      GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2.0: UNDERSTAND THE MAIN FEATURES, FUNCTIONS, OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE OF A SINGLE-END
                                      TENONING MACHINE.
4–5   2.1 Describe the main features of • Explain the main       Chalkboard        • Identify the common parts     • Show student a        Chalkboard
          a single-end tenoning            features of a single-                     of a single-end tenoning        single-end tenoning
          machine.                         end tenoning          Lesson notes        machine and their functions.    machine and point     Pictures/Posters
                                           machine..                                                                 out its component
      2.2 Describe the component                                 Pictures/Posters  • Sharpen mortise chisel or       parts and their       Sketches/Diagrams
          parts of the machine and       • Explain the                               chain for use on a single-end   functions.
          their functions.                 functions of the      Sketches/Diagrams   tenoning machine.                                     The single end
                                           main parts of the                                                       • Demonstrate how       tenoning machine.
      2.2 Outline the functions of a       machine.              Templates         • Set vertical and horizontal     to sharpen mortise
          single-end tenoning machine                                                head adjustment on the          chisel or chain for   Materials for
          e.g creatng tenoning on the    • Explain the scope                         machine.                        use on a single end woodwork, etc
          end of each piece as             of operation of a                                                         tenoning machine.
          specification demands.           single-end tenoning                     • Set scribing cutter to                                Templates
                                           machine e.g.                              produce moulds.               • Assist student to set
      2.3 List the common tools and        creating a tenoning                                                       up the single-end     Jigs applicable to a
          accessories of a single-end      on the end a work-                      • Develop shape of scribing       tenoning machine      single-end tenoning
          tenoning machine e.g. spur       piece.                                    cutter from the moulding        ready for             machine.
          cutter.                                                                    operation.                      operations.
                                         • Explain the                                                                                     Mortise chisel or chain
      2.4 State the functions of various   functions of                            • Adapt the machine for         • Show student
          tools and accessories of the     common tools and                          trenching, square tenoning      suitable jigs used    Scribing cutter
          machine listed above.            accessories                               and comb joints, etc.           for repetitive job on
                                           applicable to a                                                           a singe-end           Samples of working
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                                                                                                            NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                     single-end tenoning                                                           tenoning machine.     drawing.
                                     machine                                   • Balance each pair of cutters
                                                                                 on the balancing machine.       • Demonstrate how
                                                                                                                   to perform various
                                                                               • Identify suitable jigs for        stages of operation
                                                                                 repetitive jobs on a tenoning     mentioned in the
                                                                                 machine.                          student’s practical
                                                                                                                   activities, on a
                                                                               • Set up single-end tenoning        single-end tenoning
                                                                                 machine and produce mitre         machine observing
                                                                                 tenons, applying all safety       all safety and
                                                                                 and operational precautions       operational rules.
                                                                                 related to the use of the
                                                                                 machine.                    • Guide student to
                                                                                                               undertake routine
                                                                               • Undertake routine servicing   servicing and
                                                                                 and maintenance of the        maintenance of the
                                                                                 machine.                      machine.
    GENERAL OBJECTIVE 3.0: UNDERSTAND THE PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION OF VARIOUS SANDING MACHINE.
8   3.1 Name different types of      • Enumerate different  Chalkboard         • Identify various types of   • Take student to           Pictures/charts of
        sanding machine.               types of sanding                          sanding machine:              industries,               various types of
                                       machine:             Lesson notes         a. overhead traveling belt    woodworking               sanding machine:
    3.2 Outline the principles of      -Overhead traveling                          sander                     shops to see              a. overhead traveling
        operation of the following      belt sander.        Pictures/charts of   b. Disc and bobbing sander    various types of             belt sander
        sanding machines:              -Disc and bobbing    various types of     c. Drum sander                sanding machine           b. Disc and bobbing
        -Overhead traveling belt        sander.             sanding machine                                    listed in 3.2 and            sander
         sander.                       -Drum Sander.        listed in 3.2.     • Carry out the operations of   observe their             c. Drum sander
        -Disc and bobbing sander.                                                various types of sanding      operations.
        -Drum Sander                 • Give detailed                             machines.                                               Real sanding machines
                                       information to                                                                                    in factories or
    3.3 State necessary operational    explain the                                                                                       woodworking shops.
        precautions related to the     principles of
        use of the sanding machines.   operation of each of                                                                              Excursion to observe
                                       the sanding                                                                                       the operations of the
    4.4 Discuss the importance of      machine.                                                                                          sanding machine.
        the exhaust system in a
        sanding machine.             • Illustrate with
                                       sketches/posters the
                                       working principles
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                                                                                                                     NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                           of each of the
                                           sanding machine.

                                         • Explain the
                                           necessary
                                           precautions required
                                           while working with
                                           any sanding
                                           machine.

                                           • Explain the
                                              importance of the
                                              exhaust system in
                                              relation to the use
                                              of any sanding
                                              machine.
       GENERAL OBJECTIVE 4.0: UNDERSTAND THE MAIN FEATURES, FUNCTIONS, OPERATIONS AND MAINTENANCE OF PORTABLE ELECTRIC
                                        POWER TOOLS.
6 -7   4.1 List the common portable        • Give examples of      Chalkboard *Lesson     • Identify the electric power   • Show student         Chalkboard
           electric power tools used in       common portable      notes                    tools listed below and their    various electric
           woodwork production e.g.           electric power tools                          uses;                           portable power tools Sketches/Diagrams
           a) Portable saw                    used in woodwork     Sketches/Diagrams        -Portable saw                   listed in 4.1
           b) Portable planer                 production such as:                           -Portable planer                                     Pictures/charts of
           c) Portable sander                a) Portable saw       Pictures/charts of       -Portable sander              • Demonstrate proper   Portable electric
           d) Portable jig saw               b) Portable planer    Portable electric        -Portable jig saw               use of portable      power tools
           e) Portable drilling              c) Portable sander    power tools              -Portable drilling machine.     electric power tools
               machine.                      d) Portable jig saw                            -Portable router machine        to carry out various Real portable electric
           f) Portable router machine        e) Portable drilling  Real Portable electric                                   operations such as:  power tools e.g.
                                                  machine.         power tools e.g.       • Use the above listed portable   -sawing              Portable saw
       4.2 Outline the basic functions       f) Portable router                             electric power tools to         -planing
           of each tool listed in items           machine          Portable saw,            carryout various operations     -sanding             Portable planer
           4.1 above.                                                                       such as                         -cutting curve &
                                           • Explain the basic     Portable planer          -sawing,                          shapes             Portable sander
       4.3 Discuss the limitations of          functions and uses                           -planing,                       -boring holes of
           portable electric power tools       of each portable    Portable sander,         -sandering,                       various diameters  Portable jig saw
           in furniture making.                electric power tool                          -cutting curve & shapes,
                                               listed above.       Portable jig saw         -boring holes of various                             Portable drilling
                                                                                             diameter                                            machine, etc
                                           • Explain the           Portable drilling
                                                                                                                                                                    71
                                                                                                           NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                    working principles    machine, etc
                                    involved in the
                                    operations of each
                                    portable electric
                                    power tool listed
                                    above, e.g.
                                   all the tools are
                                   portable, hence,
                                   they are known as
                                   electric hand tools.

                                   • Present pictures as
                                     well as real samples
                                     of the various
                                     power tools for the
                                     student to see.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 5.0: UNDERSTAND THE PRINCIPLES OF FRAME CONSTRUCTION AND COMMON JOINTS USED IN FURNITURE
                                 MAKING.
5.1 Outline the principles of      • Explain the          Chalkboard             • Sketch various frame joints  • Make sketches of     Chalkboard
    frame construction.              principles of frame                           applicable for a given frame   various frame joints
                                     construction.        Lesson notes             construction such as:          applicable for a     Relevant machines
5.2 List factors that must be                                                       -mitre joint,                 given frame job      and hand tools for
    considered in frame            • Explain various      Pictures/Charts of the    -lap joint                    such as:             frame construction e.g:
    construction such as:            factors that can     common joints             -dovetail joint,              -mitre joint,        -Saw,
    a) Rigidity                      considered in frame                            -butt joint, etc              -lap joint           -Plane,
    b) Jointing method               construction listed  Pictures/Charts of                                      -dovetail joint,     -Try square,
    c) Squareness of frame in        in 5.2.              frame construction     • Construct various frame        -butt joint, etc     -Mitre square etc.
        all directions.                                   e.g. cabinet door,       joints listed above.
                                   • Explain the          picture frame etc.                                    • Demonstrate the      Wood materials
5.3 Outline the principles of        principles of                               • Prepare components for a       construction of
    triangulation in relation to     triangulation in     Sketches/Diagrams        chosen frame construction      various frame joints Drawing kit and
    the rigidity of a square         relation to the                               e.g. cabinet door, picture     listed above.        materials.
    construction.                    rigidity of a square                          frame etc.
                                     construction.                                                              • Demonstrate how      Working drawings
5.4 List various frame joints for                                                • Assemble the prepared          to prepare
    a frame construction e.g.      • Explain various                               components of the chosen       components for a     Relevant
    -mitre joint,                    frame joints                                  frame construction.            frame construction   sketches/diagrams of
    -lap joint,                      applicable to a                                                              such as cabinet      common joints listed
    -dovetail joint,                 given frame                                 • Test the assembled frame       door, picture frame in 5.4
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                                                                        NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

-butt joint, etc   construction listed    construction for squareness         etc.
                   in 5.4.                and out of wind.                                        Chosen frame
                                                                           • Show how to          construction e.g.
                                         • Clean assembled frame and         assemble the         cabinet door, picture
                                           prepare surface ready for         prepared             frame, etc.
                                           finishing.                        components of the
                                                                             chosen frame
                                                                             construction.

                                                                           • Demonstrate how
                                                                             to test an
                                                                             assembled frame
                                                                             construction for
                                                                             squareness and out
                                                                             of wind.

                                                                           • Show how to clean
                                                                             the assembled
                                                                             surface ready for
                                                                             finishing.




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ASSESSMENT STRUCTURE

        TYPE OF ASSESSMENT   PURPOSE AND NATURE OF ASSESSMENT (VFM 211)                              WEIGHING
        Examination          Final Examination (written) to assess knowledge and understanding       10
        Test                 At least 2 progress tests for feed back.                                10
        Practical            At least 5 home works to be assessed by the teacher                     80
        TOTAL WEIGHT                                                                                 100

RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS AND REFERENCES

NAME:           WOODWORK IN THEORY AND PRACTICE
AUTHOR:         JOHN A. WALTON
PUBLISHER:      GEORGE G. HARRAD & CO LTD

NAME:           WOODWORK FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
AUTHOR:         JOHN CLIFFORD
PUBLISHER:




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PROGRAMME:            NATIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY

COURSE NAME:          FURNITURE MAKING AND CONSTRUCTION I

COURSE CODE:          VFM 212

DURATION:             2–0–4

UNITS:                6 UNITS

GOAL:                 This module is designed to give the trainee essential knowledge and skills to enable him develop working
                      drawings and construct various woodworking joints used in frame construction.

GENERAL OBJECTIVES:   On completion of this module the trainee will be able to:

                      1)     Understand the uses of different types of lines in generating working drawing

                      2)     Understand angles of projection used in working drawing and design

                      3)     Understand the methods used in presenting working drawings.

                      4)     Understand dimensioning in working drawing and making of cutting list from the working
                             drawing.

                      5)     Understand woodworking joints used in frame construction.

                      6)     Know the construction techniques of basic woodworking joints for frame construction.




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PROGRAMME: VOCATIONAL ENTERPRISE CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY
COURSE: FURNITURE MAKING & CONSTRUCTION I                      COURSE CODE: VFM 212    CONTACT HOURS: 2 – 0 – 4
GOAL: THIS MODULE IS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE THE TRAINEE ESSENTIAL KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS TO ENABLE HIM DEVELOP WORKING
      DRAWINGS AND CONSTRUCT VARIOUS WOOD WORKING JOINTS USED IN FRAME CONSTRUCTION.
MODULE SPECIFICATION: THEORETICAL CONTENT                                              MODULE SPECIFICATION: PRACTICAL CONTENT
Week     GENERAL OBJECTIVE 1.0: UNDERSTAND THE USES OF DIFFERENT TYPES OF LINES IN GENERATING WORKING DRAWING.
         Special Learning Objectives        Teacher’s Activities    Learning Resources Special Learning Objectives    Teacher’s Activities   Learning Resources
1–3      1.1 Define design with respect to • Give the definition    Chalkboard         • Identify various application • Illustrate the uses  Chalk board
             working drawing of any           of design in relation                      of each type of line listed    of each type of line
             furniture construction.          to working drawing Lesson notes            below in a working drawing:    listed in 1.2 in a   Drawing kit &
                                              of any furniture                           a) Thick line                  working drawing.     Materials
         1.2 Outline various types of lines   construction.         Drawing kit &        b) Thin line
             used in working drawing for                            materials            c) Thin line, short dashes   • Show how to make Working drawings
             constructional works e.g.      • Explain various                            d) Thin, straight, zigzag      lettering on a
             a) Thick line                    types of lines listed Working drawings          line                      working drawing.
             b) Thin line                     in 4.2 and their                           e) Thin chain line
             c) Thin line, short dashes       uses.                                           thickened at each end
             d) Thin, straight, zigzag line
             e) Thin chain line thickened • Explain how to                             • Make lettering on a working
                 at each end                  make lettering on a                        drawing.
                                              working drawing.
         1.3 State the uses of various
             types of lines listed above.

           1.4 Describe how to make
               lettering on a working
               drawing.
           GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2.0: UNDERSTAND ANGLES OF PROJECTION USED IN WORKING DRAWING AND DESIGN
4–5        2.1 List the angles of projection • Explain the two      Chalk board      • Identify the two angles of    • Illustrate the two     Chalk board
               used in working drawing         angles of projection                    projections used in a           angles of
               and design i.e.                 used in working      Lesson notes       working drawing namely:         projections used in    Drawing kit
                -3rd angle projection          drawing namely:                         -3rd angle projection           a working drawing
                -1st angle projection.         -3rd angle           Drawing kit &      -1st angle projection.          i.e. 3rd angle & 1st   & Materials
                                                 st
                                               -1 angle                                                                angle projections.
           2.2 Differentiate between 3rd       projections and      Materials        • Identify the differences                               Working drawings
               angle projection and 1st        differentiate                           between 3rd angle projection • Guide student to
               angle projection in any         between them.        Working drawings   and 1st angle projection in a   identify the
               drawing or design.                                                      working drawing.                differences
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                                                                                                               NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                                                                                                between the two
      2.3 Discuss the uses and       • Explain the                           • Identify various scales          angles of projection
          importance of scale in       importance of using                      applicable to a working         in a working
          working drawings such as:    scale in working                         drawings e.g.:                  drawing.
           -Ratio 1 : 2                drawings e.g.:                           -Ratio 1 : 2
           -Ratio 1 : 5                  -Ratio 1 : 2                           -Ratio 1 : 5
           -Ratio 1 : 10                 -Ratio 1 : 5                           -Ratio 1 : 10
           -Ratio 1 : 20, etc            -Ratio 1 : 10                          -Ratio 1 : 20, etc
                                         -Ratio 1 : 20, etc
      GENERAL OBJECTIVE 3.0: UNDERSTAND THE METHODS USED IN PRESENTING A WORKING DRAWING.
6–7   3.1 Outline the three standard • Explain the three    Chalk board       • Sketch a working drawing     • Illustrate the three      Chalk board
          methods used in presenting   standard methods                         using each of the three        standard method of
          working drawings namely;     used in presenting   Lesson notes        standard method of its         presenting working        Drawing kit
          a) Isometric view            working drawing                          presentation namely; -         drawing listed in 1.1
          b) Oblique view              listed in 3.1.       Drawing kit         Isometric view                 on selected items         & Materials
          c) Perspective view                                                   -Oblique view                  such as stools,
                                     • Explain details of   & Materials         -Perspective view              tables, cabinets etc.     Working drawings
      3.2 Outline the components of    angles used in the
          each method of presenting    three methods of     Working drawings  • Translate the sketches made • Demonstrate the
          working drawing listed       presenting working                       above to working drawings      uses of various
          above, such as:              drawing listed in                        for each selected item such    angles of inclination
          -The angles used in each     3.1.                                     as, stools, tables, cabinets   (set squares) on a
           view.                                                                etc                            working drawing.

      3.3 Outline various views in                                                • Identify the various angles    • Illustrate the
          working drawings                                                          of inclination (set squares)     formation of
          a) Front elevation                                                        in a working drawing             working drawing
          b) Side elevation                                                                                          which include the
          c) Side-sectional elevation                                             • Identify various types of        following:
          d) Plan                                                                   elevations applicable to a        -front elevation
          e) Pictorial view                                                         working drawing such as;          -side elevation
          f) Constructional details                                                  a) Front elevation               -side sectional
                                                                                     b) Side elevation                 elevation,
                                                                                     c) Side-sectional elevation      -pictorial view.
                                                                                     d) Plan
                                                                                     e) Pictorial view
                                                                                     f) Constructional details



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       GENERAL OBJECTIVE: 4.0: UNDERSTAND DIMENSIONING IN WORKING DRAWING AND MAKING CUTTING LIST FROM A WORKING
                                       DRAWING.
8      4.1 Discuss the uses and          • Explain the purpose Chalk board                • Apply dimensioning in the • Illustrate the           Chalk board
           importance of dimensioning      of dimensioning in                               working drawing of a given      application of
           in working drawing.             working drawing.       Lesson notes              object e.g. stools, tables,     dimensioning in the Drawing kits &
                                                                                            cabinets etc.                   working drawings     materials
       4.2 Discuss the preparation of    • Explain how to         Drawing kits &                                            of real objects.
           cutting list from a working     prepare a cutting list materials               • Prepare a cutting list on a                          Sketches
           drawing of selected furniture   from a working                                   specific given object from    • Demonstrate how
           items such as stool, table,     drawing of a           Sketches                  its working drawing.            to prepare cutting   Working drawings
           cabinet, etc.                   selected object such                                                             list from the
                                           as stool, table,       Working drawings                                          working drawing of Real furniture objects
                                           cabinet, etc.                                                                    a specific given     e.g. stool, table,
                                                                  Pictures of real                                          object e.g. stool,   cabinet, etc.
                                                                  furniture items e.g.                                      table, cabinet.
                                                                  stool, table, cabinet,
                                                                  etc.
       GENERAL OBJECTIVE 5.0: UNDERSTAND WOODWORKING JOINTS USED IN FRAME CONSTRUCTION.
6 -7   5.1 List the three groups of wood • Explain the basis of Chalk board              • Identify the three groups of • Illustrate with the    Chalk board
           working joints namely;          classifying                                      woodworking joints              aid of
            a) Framing joints              woodworking joints Lesson notes                  namely:                         sketches/charts the  Drawing kit &
            b) Angle joints                into three main                                  a) framing joints               various groups of    materials
            c) Widening joint.             groups listed in 5.1. Drawing kit &              b) angle joints                 wood working
                                                                  materials                 c) widening joints              joints listed in 5.1 Sketches
       5.2 List examples of each group   • Classify all                                                                     and their specific
           of wood working joints          woodworking joints Sketches                   • Identify the examples of         examples as listed   Working Drawing
           named above e.g.                into each of the                                 each group of joint, see 5.2.   in 5.2.
                                           three main groups      Working Drawing                                                                Pictures/Charts of
           a) Framing Joints               listed in 5.1.                                • Construct various              • Demonstrate how      various kinds of joints
           -Tee halving joint                                     Pictures/Charts of        woodworking joints listed       to construct
           -Tee briddle joint            • Explain the            various kinds of          in 5.2.                         different kinds of   Pictures of real
           -Cross halving joint            application of         joints                                                    woodworking          furniture objects.
           -Dovetail tee halving joint     various types of                              • Identify the application of      joints, touching the
           -Angle mitre joint              woodworking joints Pictures of real              different kinds of              three groups afore-
           -Mortise & Tenon joints         listed in 5.2 for      furniture objects         woodworking joints listed       mentioned.
             (various types)               furniture                                        in 5.2, in furniture
                                           construction.                                    construction.                 • Show student
           b) Angle Joints.                                                                                                 where and how the
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                                                                                                           NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

       -Common through dovetail                                                                                   different kinds of
        joint                                                                                                     joints are used in
       -Single lap dovetail joint                                                                                 frame construction
       -Double lap dovetail joint                                                                                 of furniture items.
       -Secret mitre dovetail joint
       -Simple butt joint

       c) Widening joint
       -Dowelling joint
       -Tongue & Groove joint
       -Rebated joint
       -Fastening joint (corrugated
        box fastener)

    5.3 Describe the uses of various
        kinds of wood working
        joints in furniture making.
    GENERAL OBJECTIVE 6.0: KNOW THE TECHNIQUES OF CONSTRUCTING BASIC WOODWORKING JOINTS FOR FRAME CONSTRUCTION.
8   6.1 Describe various joints used • Explain the uses of Chalkboard           • Construct various kinds of • Demonstrate how      Chalkboard
        in woodworking for frame       various types of                           joints related to a given    to construct various
        construction see details in    wood working        Sketches/diagrams of   object.                      woodworking          Hand tools &
        5.2.                           joints in frame     various kinds of                                    joints related to a  equipment
                                       construction.       wood working joints  • Produce samples from each    given object e.g.
                                                                                  of the three groups of       stools, desk,        Real samples of
                                                           Pictures/charts of     woodworking joints           drawers, cabinet,    prepared joints,
                                                           various kinds of       following the relevant       etc.
                                                           joints                 procedure.                                        Sketches/diagrams of
                                                                                                             • Demonstrate the      various kinds of wood
                                                                                • Produce specific joints      standard procedure working joints
                                                                                  assigned by the teacher.     of producing
                                                                                                               samples from the     Pictures/charts of
                                                                                                               three groups of      various kinds of joints
                                                                                                               wood working
                                                                                                               joint.

                                                                                                                • Give assignment to
                                                                                                                  student to produce
                                                                                                                  specific
                                                                                                                  woodworking
                                                                                                                                                       79
NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

      joints following
      standard procedure.




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                                                                                             NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

ASSESSMENT STRUCTURE

        TYPE OF ASSESSMENT   PURPOSE AND NATURE OF ASSESSMENT (VFM 212)                              WEIGHING
        Examination          Final Examination (written) to assess knowledge and understanding       10
        Test                 At least 2 progress tests for feed back.                                10
        Practical            At least 5 home works to be assessed by the teacher                     80
        TOTAL WEIGHT                                                                                 100

RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS AND REFERENCES

NAME:           WOODWORK IN THEORY AND PRACTICE
AUTHOR:         JOHN A. WALTON
PUBLISHER:      GEORGE G HARRAD & CO LTD

NAME:           WOODWORK FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
AUTHOR:         JOHN CLIFFORD
PUBLISHER:




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                                                                                      NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


PROGRAMME:            NATIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY

COURSE NAME:          FURNITURE MAKING AND CONSTRUCTION II

COURSE CODE:          VFM 221

DURATION:             2–0–4

UNITS:                6 UNITS

GOAL:                 This module is designed to equip the trainee with adequate knowledge and skills to enable him design and
                      construct chairs and tables.

GENERAL OBJECTIVES:   On completion of this module the trainee will be able to:

                      1)     Understand the construction methods of producing chairs and tables.

                      2)     Understand the principles of finishing wood and metal surfaces of chairs and tables.

                      3)     Understand the principles of finishing wood and metal surfaces of chairs and tables.

                      4)     Know the application of finishing on a chair or table.

                      5)     Understand fittings and fastening accessories used in furniture making.




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                                                                                                                  NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


PROGRAMME: VOCATIONAL ENTERPRISE CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY
COURSE: FURNITURE MAKING AND CONSTRUCTION II COURSE CODE: VFM 221                            CONTACT HOURS: 2 – 0 – 4
GOAL: THIS MODULE IS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE THE TRAINEE ADEQUATE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS TO ENABLE HIM DESIGN AND CONSTRUCT
      CHAIRS AND TABLES.
COURSE SPECIFICATION: THEORETICAL CONTENTS                                              COURSE SPECIFICATION: PRACTICAL CONTENTS
         GENERAL OBJECTIVE 1.0: UNDERSTAND THE CONSTRUCTION METHODS OF PRODUCING CHAIRS AND TABLES
Week     Specific Learning Objectives        Teacher’s Activities    Learning Resources Specific Learning Objectives    Teacher’s Activities   Learning Resources
         1.1 Describe various types of       • Explain with the aid Chalk board/ white  • Use templates for marking     • Produce samples of Chalk board/ white
             chairs e.g., dining chair, easy   of diagrams typical   board                out and shaping any chosen      templates of the     board
             chair, rocking chair, office      dining chair, office                       design of chairs and tables.    chosen chairs and
             chair, etc.                       chair, easy chair,    Lesson notes                                         tables with          Sketches
                                               rocking chair, dining                    • Prepare production drawings     participation of
         1.2 Describe various types of         table, office desk,   Sketches             (working drawings) of           student              Drawings
             tables e.g. office desk, dining   worktop table                              chosen chairs and tables
             table, worktop table              (computer table),     Drawings                                           • Guide student to     Hand tools &
             (computer table), conference      conference table,                        • Make cutting list for any       prepare production   Equipments for wood
             table etc.                        etc.                  Drawing kits and     chosen chair and table from     drawing (working     working
                                                                     materials            its working drawing.            drawing) of chosen
         1.3 Outline sequence operation      • Explain in detail the                                                      chairs and tables.   Templates
             of producing a chosen chair.      sequence operation                       • Select and mark out joints
                                               of producing a                             for chosen tables and chairs  • Prepare cutting list Drawing kits and
         1.4 Outline sequence operation        chosen chair                               such as mortise and tenon       for chosen chair     materials
             of producing a chosen table.                                                 joints, dowelling joints etc    and table from its
                                             • Explain in detail the                                                      working drawing.
         1.5 Itemize cutting list for any      sequence operation                       • Assemble the prepared units
             chosen chair and table.           of producing a                             of the chosen furniture with  • Demonstrate how
                                               chosen table                               adhesive and fasteners.         to select and mark
                                                                                                                          out required joints
                                             • Explain the                              • Use angle brackets to fortify   for any chosen
                                               composition of a                           the joints.                     chair and table
                                               cutting list for each
                                               of the chosen chair                      • Scrape and sand-paper         • Demonstrate how
                                               and table.                                 assembled item in readiness     to assemble the
                                                                                          for finishing                   prepared units of
                                                                                                                          any item with
                                                                                                                          adhesive and
                                                                                                                          fasteners

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                                                                                                            NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


                                                                                                                • Guide student to
                                                                                                                    scrape and sand-
                                                                                                                    paper the
                                                                                                                    assembled item.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2.0: UNDERSTAND THE PRINCIPLE OF FINISHING WOOD AND METAL SURFACES OF CHAIRS AND TABLES
2.1 Discuss the purpose of          • Explain the reason   Chalk board/white    • Identify materials used in    Show student various
    finishing on wood and metal       for carrying out     board                  finishing wood or metal       materials used in        Chalk board/white
    surfaces of chairs and tables     finishing on wood                           surfaces of chairs and tables finishing wood or        board
    such as:                          and metal surfaces   Lesson notes           e.g.:                         metal surfaces l of
    -For preservation,                of chairs and tables                        -Lacquer                      chairs and tables listed Pictures/Posters
    -For hygiene                      i.e.:                Pictures/Posters       -Sanding sealer               in 2.2
    -For aesthetics.                    -For preservation,                        -French polish                                         Sketches/Diagrams
                                        -For hygiene       Sketches/Diagrams      -Stain (warm and cold)        Demonstrate how to
2.2 List types of finishing             -For aesthetics                           -Thinner solvent              prepare wood surface     Wall chart
    materials e.g.                                         Wall chart             -Paint of various colours     and metal surface of a
    -Lacquer                        • Explain various                             -Abrasive paper, etc.         chosen chair and table Real objects for
    -Sanding sealer                   types of finishing   Real objects for                                     for finishing following finishing e.g.
    -French polish                    materials listed in  finishing e.g.       • Prepare wood surface and      standard procedure as    -Lacquer
    -Stain (warm and cold)            2.2 and their uses.  -Lacquer               metal surface of a chosen     laid out in 2.4          -Sanding sealer
    -Thinner solvent                                       -Sanding sealer        chair and table for finishing                          -French polish
    -Paint of various colours       • Explain the various -French polish          following the standard        Demonstrate how to       -Stain (warm & cold)
    -Abrasive paper, etc              methods of           -Stain (warm & cold)   procedure namely:             apply final finishing    -Thinner solvent
                                      applying finishing   -Thinner solvent       -Scraping                     on a wood surface and -Paint of various
2.3 Describe methods of applying      on wood and metal -Paint of various         -Sanding                      a metal surface of       colours
    finishing on wood and metal       surfaces of chairs   colours                -Priming or coating           chosen furniture item
    surfaces of chairs and tables     and tables listed in                        -Re-sanding for smoothness    by the following         Brush
    such as: -                        2.3                                         -Final finishing (e.g.        methods:
    -Brush application                                                            painting)                     -Brush application       Spraying equipment
    -Rag or tag application         • Explain in detail                                                         -Rag or tag application
    -Spraying application             the procedure                             • Carry out the application of  -Spraying application    Rag or tag rubber
                                      involved in                                 final finishing on a wood
2.4 Discuss the procedure of          applying finishing                          surface and metal surface of
    finishing application             as listed in 2.4                            a chosen furniture item by
   -Scraping                                                                      the following methods:
   -Sanding                                                                       -Brush application
   -Priming or coating                                                            -Rag or tag application
   -Re-sanding for smoothness                                                     -Spraying application
   -Final finishing (e.g. painting)

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                                                                                                            NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


GENERAL OBJECTIVE3.0: KNOW THE APPLICATION OF FINISHING ON FURNITURE ITEMS.
3.1 Discuss the procedure for      • Explain the        Chalk board/white    • Prepare surfaces of a chairs      • Guide student to      Chalk board/white
   applying final finishing on       procedure involved board                  and tables for finishing by:        prepare surfaces of   board
   assembled chair and table         in finishing of                           -Scraping                           chairs and tables
   surfaces i.e.                     assembled chairs   Lesson notes           -sanding                            for finishing         Pictures/Posters
   -scraping                         and tables                                -priming or coating                 following the
   -sanding                                             Pictures/Posters       -Re-sanding                         standard procedure    Sketches/Diagrams
   -priming or coating             • Explain the                               -Final finishing                    listed in 3.1
   -Re-sanding                       composition of     Sketches/Diagrams                                                                Wall chart
   -Final finishing                  materials used for                      • Apply wood finish by hand         • Demonstrate how
                                     final finishing of Wall chart             (e.g. use of brush & tag) and       to apply wood         Real objects for
3.2 Discuss the uses of the under-   wood surface and                          by spraying.                        finish by hand (use   finishing e.g.
    listed finishing materials       metal surface and  Real objects for                                           of brush and tag)     -Lacquer
    during final finishing of        their application. finishing e.g.:      • Finish the prepared surface         and by spraying.      -Sanding sealer
    wood surface and metal                              -Lacquer               by spraying and polishing.                                -French polish
    surface:                                            -Sanding sealer                                          • Guide student to      -Stain (warm & cold)
     -Lacquer                                           -French polish                                             finish the prepared   -Thinner solvent
     -Sanding sealer                                    -Stain (warm & cold)                                       surface by spraying   -Paint of various
     -French polish                                     -Thinner solvent                                           and by polishing.     colours
     -Stain (warm & cold)                               -Paint of various
     -Thinner solvent                                   colours                                                                          Brush
     -Paint of various colours.
                                                                                                                                         Spraying equipment

                                                                                                                                         Rag or tag rubber
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 4.0: UNDERSTAND FITTINGS AND FASTENING ACCESSORIES USED IN FURNITURE MAKING
4.1 List fastening accessories and • Explain the uses of Chalk board/white       • Identify different types of   • Show different        Chalk board/white
    their uses e.g. screws, nails,   fastening             board                   fastening accessories and       fitting & fastening   board
    corrugated box fasteners,        accessories and                               also, holding and pulling       accessories in 4.1
    bolts and nuts, etc              also, holding and     Lesson notes            accessories listed in 4.1 and   & 4.2                 Lesson notes
                                     pulling accessories                           4.2.
4.2 List holding and pulling         listed in 4.1 and 4.2 Pictures/Posters                                      • Illustrate sketches   Pictures/Posters
    accessories e.g. hinges,                                                     • Make freehand sketches of       of fastening, and
    handles, locks, catches, stays • Explain how           Sketches/Diagrams       different types of fastening    also, holding &       Sketches/Diagrams
    etc.                             fasteners are used                            accessories and also, holding   pulling accessories
                                     to hold two parts     Wall chart              and pulling accessories         in 4.1 & 4.2.         Wall chart
4.3 Differentiate between            together.                                     listed in 4.1and 4.2.
    fastening accessories and                              Fastening accessories                                 • Demonstrate how       Fastening accessories
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    holding & pulling                                      e.g. screws, nails,                                           fittings and           e.g. screws, nails,
    accessories.                    • Explain the          corrugated box, bolts   • Use different kinds of              fasteners are used     corrugated box, bolts
                                      differences          and nuts                  fasteners to hold two parts         to hold two parts      and nuts
4.4 State the properties of the       between two types                              together.                           together.
    materials used for common         of accessories       Holding and pulling                                                                  Holding and pulling
    fittings and fastening,           mentioned in 4.3     accessories e.g.        • Select appropriate fittings       • Show student how       accessories e.g.
    examples of the materials are                          hinges, handles,          and fasteners for                   to select              hinges, handles, locks,
    brass, mild steel, aluminium,   • Explain the          locks, catches, stays     fittings/fixing finished            appropriate fittings   catches, stays etc.
    plastics etc.                     properties of the    etc.                      furniture items.                    and fasteners for
                                      materials used for                                                                 fitting/fixing         Materials for
                                      common fittings                                                                    finished furniture.    woodwork &
                                      and fastenings.                                                                                           metalwork i.e. wood,
                                                                                                                                                metal




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ASSESSMENT STRUCTURE

        TYPE OF ASSESSMENT   PURPOSE AND NATURE OF ASSESSMENT (VFM 221)                              WEIGHING
        Examination          Final Examination (written) to assess knowledge and understanding       10
        Test                 At least 2 progress tests for feed back.                                10
        Practical            At least 5 home works to be assessed by the teacher                     80
        TOTAL WEIGHT                                                                                 100

RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS AND REFERENCES

NAME:           WOODWORK IN THEORY AND PRACTICE
AUTHOR:         JOHN A. WALTON
PUBLISHER:      GEORGE G. HARRAD & CO LTD

NAME:           WOODWORK FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
AUTHOR:         JOHN CLIFFORD
PUBLISHER:




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PROGRAMME:            NATIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY

COURSE NAME:          FURNITURE MAKING AND CONSTRUCTION III

COURSE CODE:          VFM 311

DURATION:             2–0–6

UNITS:                8 UNITS

GOAL:                 This module is designed to equip the trainee with the knowledge and skills to enable him construct
                      carcase and cabinet

GENERAL OBJECTIVES:   On completion of this module the trainee will be able to:

                      1)     Understand the design and construction procedure of carcase and cabinet.

                      2)     Understand carcase and construction.

                      3)     Understand lipping and veneering operation on carcase and cabinet constructions.




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PROGRAMME: VOCATIONAL ENTERPRISE INSTITUTION CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY
COURSE: FURNITURE MAKING AND CONSTRUCTION III                     COURSE CODE: VFM 311             CONTACT HOURS: 2 – 0 – 6
GOAL: THIS MODULE IS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE THE TRAINEE WITH THE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS TO ENABLE HIM CONSTRUCT CARCASE AND
      CABINET.
COURSE SPECIFICATION: THEORETICAL CONTENT.                                           COURSE SPECIFICATION: PRACTICAL CONTENT.
WEEK     GENERAL OBJECTIVE 1.0: UNDERSTAND THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION PROCEDURE OF CARCASE AND CABINET.
         Specific Learning Objectives       Teacher’s Activities  Learning Resources Specific Learning Objective   Teacher’s Activities    Learning Resources
1-3      1.1 Discuss the materials          • Give an overview    Chalk board        • Identify various materials  • Show student
             required for furniture           of the composition                       required for furniture        various materials     Chalk board
             making e.g. timber,              & uses of various   Lesson notes         making e.g. timber, plywood   used in furniture
             plywood of various sizes in      materials used in                        (6mm, 12mm, 18mm),            making listed in 1.1  Pictures/Posters
             thickness (6mm, 12mm,            furniture making    Pictures/Posters     particle board (18mm),
             18mm) plywood                    listed in 1.1.                           plywood block board         • Display samples of    Wall Chart
             blockboard, particle board                           Wall Chart                                         natural and man-
             (18mm).                        • Categorize the                         • Identify various sizes of     made boards of        Sketches/Diagrams
                                              various materials   Sketches/Diagrams    plywood and their             different sizes
         1.2 Distinguish between natural      used for furniture                       applications                                        Real objects of
             and man-made board               making into natural                                                  • Guide student to      materials used in
             materials.                       and man made                           • Identify real objects made    identify real objects furniture making e.g.:
                                              board i.e.                               from natural and man-made     made from natural     -timber,
         1.3 Outline the composition of       a. Natural board                         board                         and man-made board -plywood (6mm,
             all natural and man-made             e.g. timber                                                                              12mm, 18mm)
             board materials listed in 1.1.   b. Man-made                                                                                  -particle board
                                                  boards e.g.                                                                              (18mm)
         1.4 Outline the application of all       block board,                                                                             -block board
             natural and man-made board           particle board,
             listed in 1.1 in furniture           & plywood, etc
             making.
                                            • Give lecture to
                                              distinguish
                                              between natural
                                              and man-made
                                              materials used for
                                              furniture making.

                                          • Explain in detail
                                            the composition
                                            and application of
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                                all natural and
                                man-made board
                                listed in 1.1.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2.0: UNDERSTAND CARCASE AND CABINET CONSTRUCTION
2.1 List different types of   • Describe different Chalk board  • Identify various carcase                           • Show student             Chalk board
    carcase construction e.g.   types of cabinet                  construction as well as                              examples of a
    side board, etc.            listed in 2.1.     Lesson notes   cabinet constructions.                               carcase construction     Pictures/Posters
                                                                                                                       e.g. side board.
2.2 List different types of         • Explain what           Pictures/Posters of   • Identify different types of                                Wall Chart
    cabinet e.g. wardrobe, side       differentiate a        carcase and cabinet     cabinet e.g. wardrobe, side     • Show student
    board, chest of drawers etc.      carcase                constructions.          board chest of drawers, etc.      different types of       Sketches/Diagrams
                                      construction from a                                                              cabinet listed in 2.2.
2.3 Differentiate between             cabinet                Wall Chart            • Design a chosen type of                                    Real objects of
    carcase and cabinet               construction                                   carcase construction e.g.       • Guide student to         materials used in
    construction.                                            Sketches/Diagrams       side board and cabinet e.g.       separate carcase         furniture making e.g.:
                                    • Explain the                                    wardrobe.                         constructions from       -timber,
2.4 Discuss the materials used in     materials’                                                                       cabinet                  -plywood (6mm,
    constructing chosen type of       composition and                              • Develop working drawing           constructions.           12mm, 18mm)
    carcase e.g. side board.          construction                                   for any chosen carcase e.g.                                -particle board
                                      procedure required                             side bard) and cabinet (e.g.    • Assist student to        (18mm)
2.5 Outline the procedure of          in producing a                                 wardrobe)                         design a chosen type     -block board
    constructing a chosen type        chosen carcase (i.e.                                                             of carcase
    of carcase e.g. side bard.        side board)                                  • Prepare cutting list from the     construction e.g.        Real samples of
                                                                                     working drawings of the           side board and           carcase construction
                                                                                     chosen carcase and cabinet.       cabinet e.g.             e.g. side board.
                                                                                                                       wardrobe and to
                                                                                   • Select and prepare the joints     develop their            Real samples of
                                                                                     appropriate for the               working drawings.        cabinet construction
                                                                                     construction of the chosen                                 e.g. wardrobe, chest of
                                                                                     carcase and cabinet             • Guide student to         drawers, etc.
                                                                                                                       prepare cutting list
                                                                                   • Assemble the carcase and          from the developed
                                                                                     cabinet constructions with        working drawings of
                                                                                     adhesive and glue blocks.         carcase and cabinet.

                                                                                                                     • Guide student in the
                                                                                                                       selection and
                                                                                                                       preparation of joints
                                                                                                                       required for the
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                                                                                                                        chosen carcase and
                                                                                                                        cabinet

                                                                                                                    • Demonstrate how to
                                                                                                                      assemble the carcase
                                                                                                                      and cabinet
                                                                                                                      constructions with
                                                                                                                      adhesive and glue
                                                                                                                      blocks.
       GENERAL OBJECTIVE 3.0: UNDERSTAND LIPPING AND VENEERING OPERATION ON CARCASE AND CABINET CONSTRUCTIONS.
6 -7   3.1 Outline the reasons for        • Explain the         Chalk board         • Identify the cases of lipping • Show student parts    Chalk board
           applying lipping in carcase      purpose of lipping                        applications on real objects    of real objects
           and cabinet constructions.       in carcase and      Lesson notes          e.g. carcase and cabinet        (carcase and cabinet) Pictures/Posters
                                            cabinet                                   constructions.                  that had undergone
       3.2 Describe parts of a carcase      constructions.      Pictures/Posters of                                   ripping operation     Wall Chart
           and cabinet constructions                            carcase and cabinet • Identify lipping done with
           that are required to be lipped • Explain parts of a  constructions.        wood and veneer on carcase • Show student parts       Sketches/Diagrams
           and.                             carcase and cabinet                       and cabinet constructions.      carcase and cabinet
                                            constructions that  Wall Chart                                            constructions that    Real objects of
       3.2 Describe the materials used      are required to be                      • Apply lipping with wood         are lipped with       materials used in
           for lipping e.g veneer and       lipped.             Sketches/Diagrams     and veneer on specified         wood and veneer.      furniture making e.g.
           wood.                                                                      carcase and cabinet                                   -timber,
                                          • Explain the uses of                       constructions.                • Demonstrate the       -plywood (6mm,
       3.3 Discuss appropriate finishing    veneer and wood in                                                        application of        12mm, 18mm)
           to be carried on the lipped      lipping carcase and                     • Scrape and glaze-paper the      lipping with wood     -particle board
           carcase and cabinet              cabinet                                   lipped carcase and cabinet      and veneer on         (18mm)
           constructions.                   constructions.                            constructions ready for         specified carcase     -block board
                                                                                      finishing.                      and cabinet
                                          • Explain necessary                                                         constructions.        Real samples of
                                            finishing                               • Carry out appropriate                                 carcase construction
                                            operations to be                          finishing on the prepared     • Guide student to      e.g. side board.
                                            carried out on                            surface of the lipped carcase   scrape and glaze-
                                            lipped carcase &                          and cabinet constructions.      paper the lipped      Real samples of
                                            cabinet                                                                   carcase and cabinet   cabinet construction
                                            construction.                                                             constructions ready   e.g. wardrobe, chest of
                                                                                                                      for finishing.        drawers, etc.

                                                                                                                      • Guide student to      Lipping materials e.g.
                                                                                                                        apply appropriate     wood & veneer.
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     finishing on the
     prepared surface of
     the lipped carcase
     and cabinet
     constructions.




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ASSESSMENT STRUCTURE

        TYPE OF ASSESSMENT   PURPOSE AND NATURE OF ASSESSMENT (VFM 311)                              WEIGHING
        Examination          Final Examination (written) to assess knowledge and understanding       10
        Test                 At least 2 progress tests for feed back.                                10
        Practical            At least 5 home works to be assessed by the teacher                     80
        TOTAL WEIGHT                                                                                 100

RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS AND REFERENCES

NAME:           WOODWORK IN THEORY AND PRACTICE
AUTHOR:         JOHN A. WALTON
PUBLISHER:      GEORGE G. HARRAD & CO LTD

NAME:           WOODWORK FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
AUTHOR:         JOHN CLIFFORD
PUBLISHER:




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PROGRAMME:            NATIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY

COURSE NAME:          UPHOLSTERY DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION

COURSE CODE:          VFM 312

DURATION:             2–0–4

UNITS:                6 UNITS

GOAL:                 This module is designed to equip the trainee with the knowledge and skills to enable him design and
                      construct complete upholstered furniture

GENERAL OBJECTIVES:   On completion of this module the trainee will be able to:

                      1)     Understand the design and construction of upholstery carcase

                      2)     Understand basic principles of upholstery construction

                      3)     Understand the method of constructing upholstered furniture

                      4)     Understand methods of covering and fixing upholstery construction with fabric and leather




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PROGRAMME: VOCATIONAL ENTERPRISE CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY
COURSE: UPHOLSTERY DESIGN & CONSTRUCTION                      COURSE CODE: VFM 312    CONTACT HOURS: 2 – 0 – 4
GOAL: THIS MODULE IS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE THE TRAINEE WITH THE KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS TO ENABLE HIM DESIGN AND CONSTRUCT
      COMPLETE UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE.
COURSE SPECIFICATION: THEORETICAL CONTENTS.                                           COURSE SPECIFICATION: PRACTICAL CONTENTS.
WEEK     GENERAL OBJECTIVE 1.0: UNDERSTAND THE DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION OF UPHOLSTERY CARCASE.
         Specific Learning Objectives      Teacher’s Activities Learning Resources    Specific Learning Objectives    Teacher’s Activities   Learning Resources
1-3      1.1 List various hand tools used  • Explain the uses of Chalkboard           • Identify various tools used   • Show student         Chalkboard
             in the construction of          various hand tools                         in construction of upholstery   various tools and
             upholstery carcase such as.     listed in 1.1 in the Lesson notes          carcase listed in 1.1.          materials used in    Sketches/Diagrams
              -Hammer                        construction of                                                            the construction of
              -Scissor                       upholstery carcase. Sketches/Diagrams    • Identify various materials      upholstery carcase. Pictures/Posters
              -Web-stretcher                                                            used in the construction of
              -Needles & awls              • Explain the          Pictures/Posters      upholstery carcase.           • Illustrate how ideas Wall charts
              -Ripping knife                 material used in                                                           of upholstery
              -Chisels                       construction of      Wall charts         • Translate idea of upholstery    carcase              Drawing kit and
              -Mallet                        upholstery carcase.                        carcase to sketches.            construction are     materials
              -Staple machine                                     Drawing kit and                                       translated into
              -Knife                       • Explain various      materials           • Translate sketches of           sketches and         Samples of upholstery
              -Measuring tape, etc           designs in                                 upholstery carcase to           pictorial drawing in materials
                                             upholstery carcase Samples of upholstery   pictorial drawings              isometric oblique,
         1.2 Describe the materials used     construction such    materials, tools.                                     perspective          Samples of hand tools
             in construction of upholstery                                                                              projections.
                                             as armed design                          • Develop pictorial drawing                            used in upholstery
             carcase listed above and        and armless                                above into working drawing                           carcase construction
             their uses.                     design.                                                                  • Guide student to     such as:
                                                                                      • Develop various parts of        develop working      -Hammer
         1.3 Describe various designs      • Explain the                                                                drawings from the    -Scissor
                                                                                        upholstery carcase
             available in upholstery         components of the                                                          pictorial drawings   -Web-stretcher
                                                                                        construction from the
             carcase construction such as;   carcase of                                                                 earlier made.        -Needles & awls
                                                                                        working drawing i.e. form
             armed design and armless        upholstery                                                                                      -Ripping knife
                                                                                        templates of different
             design.                         construction listed                                                      • Demonstrate how      -Chisels
                                                                                        shapes.
                                             in 1.4.                                                                    to develop           -Mallet
         1.4 List the components of the                                                                                 templates of         -Staple
             carcase of upholstery                                                    • Identify the tolerance
             construction e.g. rails,
                                           • Explain the                                applied during stuffing,        different shapes     -Knife
                                             tolerance allowed                                                          from the working     -Measuring tape
             pillets, front & back rails,                                               springing and covering
                                             for stuffing,                              carcase construction            drawing of the
             templates etc.
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                                          springing and                                                                     upholstery carcase
      1.5 Describe the tolerance          covering in                                                                       construction.
          allowed for stuffing,           upholstery
          springing and covering in       construction.                                                                  • Show student the
          upholstery construction.                                                                                         tolerance allowed
                                                                                                                           during stuffing,
                                                                                                                           springing and
                                                                                                                           covering upholstery
                                                                                                                           carcase
                                                                                                                           construction

      GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2.0: UNDERSTAND BASIC PRINCIPLES OF UPHOLSTERY CONSTRUCTION
4–5   2.1 Outline the basic principle of • Explain the basic   Chalkboard              • Identify the fundamental        • Illustrate with the   Chalkboard
          upholstery construction          principle of                                  components involved in            aid of sketches and
          noting the fundamental           upholstery          Lesson notes              upholstery construction           templates of          Sketches/Diagrams
          components in constructing       construction.                                                                   various shapes, the
          upholstery.                                          Sketches/Diagrams       • Use upholstery hand tools to      basic principles of   Pictures/Posters
                                         • Explain in details                            carry out frame construction.     upholstery
      2.2 Outline the requirements in      the requirements    Pictures/Posters                                            construction.         Wall charts
          framing of chairs to support     in framing of                               • Identify types of adhesives
          types of upholstery              chairs to support   Wall charts               and fasteners used in           • Demonstrate the       Drawing kit and
          construction.                    types of upholstery                           upholstery such as:               uses of upholstery    materials
                                           construction.       Drawing kit and           -rubber based solution,           hand tools in frame
      2.3 Outline the purpose of frames                        materials                 -polyurethane,                    construction of       Samples of upholstery
          in upholstery construction.    • Explain the                                   -tack nails,                      upholstered           materials
                                           purpose of framing Samples of upholstery      -stud staple pins.                furniture.
      2.4 Name the main types of           in upholstery       materials                                                                         Edging machine and
          adhesive and fasteners used      construction.                               • Use appropriate adhesives       • Show student          its accessories e.g.
          in upholstery e.g. rubber                            Edging machine and        and fasteners listed above in     various upholstery    -Pipe foot
          based solution, polyurethane, • Explain the factors its accessories.           constructing upholstered          adhesives and         -Gathering foot
          tack nails, stud staple pins.    necessary to                                  furniture.                        fasteners listed in   -Zip fastener foot
                                           achieve strength    Adhesive and                                                2.4
      2.5 The characteristics of the       and rigidity in     fasteners used in       • Identify types of sewing                                Adhesive and
          various kinds of upholstery      upholstery          assembling upholstery     machine used in upholstery      • Guide student to      fasteners used in
          springing and suspension.        construction.       construction e.g.         construction i.e. edging          use adhesives and     assembling upholstery
                                                               rubber based solution,    machine.                          fasteners in          construction e.g.
      2.6 Describe the operational       • Explain the uses of polyurethane, tack                                          upholstery            rubber based solution,
          methods and uses of the          various adhesive    nails, stud staple pins • Identify parts of upholstery      construction.         polyurethane, tack
          upholstery powered hand          and fasteners                                                                                         nails, stud staple pins.
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           tools such as:                    implored in                              sewing machine (i.e. edging
           -Stapling gun (pneumatic &        upholstery                               machine) and the              • Show student types      Upholstery powered
            electric)                        construction listed                      attachments such as:            of sewing machine       hand tools e.g.
           -Powered cutters                  in 2.4.                                  -Pipe foot                      used in upholstery      -Stapling gun
           -Foam cutter                                                               -Gathering foot                 construction i.e.       (pneumatic & electric)
           -Drills (pneumatic &            • Explain the                              -Zip fastener foot              edging machine, its     -Powered cutters
            electric)                        characteristics of                                                       components and          -Foam cutter
           -Electric iron                    various kinds of                                                         attachments.            -Drills (pneumatic &
           -Button mould                     upholstery                                                                                       electric)
                                             springing and                                                          • Guide student in        -Electric iron
       2.7 Describe the operation of         suspension.                                                              the identification of   -Button mould
           upholstery sewing machine                                                                                  the parts of edging
           (i.e. edging machine) and its   • Explain the uses                                                         machine (used in
           attachments.                      and operational                                                          sewing fabrics of
                                             methods of the                                                           upholstery
                                             upholstery                                                               construction) and
                                             powered hand                                                             its accessories.
                                             tools listed in 2.6.

                                         • Explain the
                                           operation of
                                           upholstery sewing
                                           machine (i.e.
                                           edging machine)
                                           and its
                                           attachments.
       GENERAL OBJECTIVE 3.0: UNDERSTAND THE METHOD OF CONSTRUCTING UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE
6 -7   3.1 Discuss fundamental steps     • Explain the stages Chalkboard          • Design upholstery furniture  • Supervise student          Chalkboard
           involved in upholstery          of producing                             e.g. armed chair, poof, etc.   in the design of
           construction namely;            upholstery           Lesson notes                                       upholstery furniture       Sketches/Diagrams
           translating ideas to sketches   construction                           • Interpret the design (blue     following the
           and then to pictorial drawing   furniture listed in  Sketches/Diagrams   print) of the upholstery       standard procedure.        Pictures/Posters
           and finally to working          3.1.                                     furniture developed above
           drawing (also known as blue                          Pictures/Posters    indicating all parts of the  • Guide student to           Wall charts
           print).                       • Use                                      construction form nominal      interpret the
                                           sketches/diagrams Wall charts            to finished stages             prepared blue print        Drawing kit and
       3.2 Describe a typical design of    to interpret typical                                                    of the upholstery          materials
           an upholstery furniture e.g.    design of            Drawing kit and   • Identify all parts of the      furniture indicating
           armed chair, poof, etc.         upholstery           materials           prepared blue print for the    all parts of the           Samples of upholstery
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                                     furniture e.g.                                    construction of upholstered       construction.         materials
3.3 State the sequence of            armed chair, poof,   Samples of upholstery        furniture
    assembling the carcase of        etc.                 materials                                                   • Show student each      Edging machine and
    upholstery furniture e.g.                                                       • Assemble all the prepared         part of the prepared   its accessories.
    armed chair, poof, etc.        • Explain the          Edging machine and          parts to form the carcase of      blue print ready for
                                     sequence of          its accessories.            the upholstered furniture.        assembling of the      Adhesive and
3.4 Describe methods of              assembling the                                                                     upholstered            fasteners used in
    applying webbing e.g. by         carcase of           Adhesive and              • Apply webbing on the              furniture.             assembling upholstery
    spacing, by weaving etc, to      upholstery           fasteners used in           assembled upholstery                                     construction.
    upholstered furniture.           furniture e.g.       assembling upholstery       construction by spacing and     • Demonstrate the
                                     .armed chair,        construction e.g.           b weaving on the back rest        assembling of the      Upholstery powered
3.5 Discuss the reason for           poof, etc.           rubber based solution,      and seat platform                 upholstered            hand tools
    stuffing the carcase of an                            polyurethane, tack                                            furniture nailing
    upholstery construction and    • Explain the          nails, stud staple pins   • Stuff foam into required part     each part in           Materials for stuffing
    the materials used to do the     various methods                                  of the carcase for comfort.       sequential order.      carcase of upholstery
    stuffing.                        of applying          Materials for stuffing                                                               construction e.g. foam,
                                     webbing in           carcase of upholstery                                       • Demonstrate            cotton wool, asbestos,
                                     upholstered          construction e.g. foam,                                       webbing on             etc.
                                     furniture i.e. by    cotton wool, asbestos,                                        assembled
                                     spacing and by       etc.                                                          upholstery by
                                     weaving.                                                                           spacing and by
                                                                                                                        weaving on the
                                   • Explain the reason                                                                 necessary parts of
                                     for stuffing the                                                                   the carcase.
                                     carcase of an
                                     upholstery                                                                       • Show student the
                                     construction                                                                       materials used in
                                                                                                                        stuffing the carcase
                                   • Explain the                                                                        of upholstery
                                     materials used in                                                                  construction e.g.
                                     stuffing the                                                                       foam, cotton wool,
                                     carcase of an                                                                      hessian, jute bag,
                                     upholstery                                                                         cardboard, ply
                                     construction e.g.                                                                  wood, etc.
                                     foam, cotton wool,
                                     asbestos etc.                                                                    • Guide student to
                                                                                                                        stuff the required
                                                                                                                        parts of carcase
                                                                                                                        with foam
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    GENERAL OBJECTIVE 4.0: UNDERSTAND METHODS OF COVERING AND FIXING UPHOLSTERY CONSTRUCTION WITH FABRIC AND
                                    LEATHER
8   4.1 Discuss the need for accurate • Explain the           Chalkboard            • Identify types of materials   • Show student          Chalkboard
        measurement and allowing         importance of                                used in covering upholstery     different types of
        correct sewing tolerance in      ensuring accurate    Lesson notes            construction e.g. leather,      upholstery covering Sketches/Diagrams
        covering any upholstery          measurement of                               fabric, calico etc              materials listed e.g.
        construction.                    materials used in    Sketches/Diagrams                                       leather, fabric,      Pictures/Posters
                                         covering                                   • Stretch the covering material   calico, etc.
    4.2 Name materials used in           upholstery           Pictures/Posters        e.g. leather, fabric, calico,                         Wall charts
        covering upholstery              construction and                             etc, in readiness for cutting • Show how to
        construction e.g. fabric,        the need to provide Wall charts                                              stretch the           Drawing kit and
        leather, calico, etc.            correct sewing                             • Identify sewing allowance to    upholstery covering materials
                                         allowances.          Drawing kit and         be provided on the cut          materials listed
    4.3 Describe the sequence of                              materials               pieces of the covering          above in order to     Samples of upholstery
        covering upholstery            • Explain the uses                             materials.                      remove the arises     covering materials
        construction with fabric or      and application of   Samples of upholstery                                   and avoid             such as: -
        leather (leatherette).           different materials  covering materials    • Cut to size and shape the       unnecessary           -fabric
                                         used in upholstery   such as;                covering materials following    tolerance during      -leather
    4.4 Describe the mechanism of        construction listed  -fabric,                the prepared templates,         cutting.              -calico
        fixing upholstery fittings,      in 4.2 (i.e. fabric, -leather,               providing the identified
        which include;                   leather, calico).    -calico, etc            sewing allowances in the cut • Guide student to       Edging machine and
         -Cover bottom                                                                pieces.                         allow for sewing      its accessories.
         -Castors                      • Explain the          Edging machine and                                      allowances while
         -Guide, etc                     sequence of          its accessories.      • Sew to pattern the cut pieces   cutting to size and   Adhesive and
                                         covering                                     of the covering materials       shape the covering    fasteners used in
                                         upholstery           Adhesive and            observing Y-cut marks and       materials following assembling upholstery
                                         construction with    fasteners used in       notching.                       the prepared          construction.
                                         fabric or leather.   assembling upholstery                                   templates.
                                                              construction          • Sort various patterns sewed                           Upholstery fittings
                                       • Explain the                                  for different parts of the    • Illustrate the        such as:
                                         purpose of fixing    Upholstery fittings     chair such as armrest, seat     necessary sewing      -cover bottom,
                                         upholstery fittings  such as:                and back.                       allowances to be      -castors,
                                         e.g. cover bottom,   -cover bottom,                                          provided while        -guide.
                                         castors, guide, etc  -castors,             • Fix the sewed fabric or         cutting any part of
                                         and the mechanism -guide.                    leather on the assembled        the covering          Hand tools for
                                         of fixing them.                              upholstery work.                material following    assembling upholstery
                                                                                                                      the prepared          construction and
                                                                                                                      templates.            fixing the accessories.
                                                                                                                                                               99
                                NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


• Identify fittings to be fixed    • Demonstrate how
  on the upholstered furniture       to sew the cut
  such as;                           pieces of the
  -Cover bottom                      covering materials
  -Castors                           observing y-cut
  -Guide                             marks and
                                     notching.
• Identify cases where the
  above named fittings are         • Guide student to
  used on upholstered                sort various
  furniture.                         patterns sewed for
                                     the parts of the
• Fix the upholstery fittings        chair, such as;
  above on the upholstered           armrest, seat &
  furniture using the                back.
  appropriate tools.
                                   • Demonstrate how
                                     to fix the sewed
                                     fabric or leather on
                                     the assembled
                                     upholstery
                                     furniture.

                                   • Show student the
                                     fittings used in
                                     covering upholstery
                                     furniture e.g. cover
                                     bottom, castors,
                                     guide, etc.

                                   • Demonstrate the
                                     mechanism of
                                     fixing the
                                     upholstery fitting
                                     mentioned above
                                     on the upholstered
                                     furniture.

                                                                   100
                                                                                             NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

ASSESSMENT STRUCTURE

        TYPE OF ASSESSMENT   PURPOSE AND NATURE OF ASSESSMENT (VFM 312)                              WEIGHING
        Examination          Final Examination (written) to assess knowledge and understanding       10
        Test                 At least 2 progress tests for feed back.                                10
        Practical            At least 5 home works to be assessed by the teacher                     80
        TOTAL WEIGHT                                                                                 100

RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS AND REFERENCES

1)   NAME:           WOODWORK IN THEORY AND PRACTICE
     AUTHOR:         JOHN CLIFFORD
     PUBLISHER:

2)   NAME:           WOODWORK TECHNOLOGY
     AUTHOR:         JOHN STREFORD
     PUBLISHER:

3)   NAME:           WOODWORK FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
     AUTHOR:         G. N. GREEN
     PUBLISHER:

4)   NAME:           WOODWORK TECHNOLOGY
     AUTHOR:         CHAPMAN
     PUBLISHER:

5)   NAME:           GENERAL METAL WORK
     AUTHOR:         THOMAS
     PUBLISHER:




                                                                                                                                101
                                                                                      NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

PROGRAMME:            NATIONAL VOCATIONAL CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY


COURSE NAME:          ADVANCED FURNITURE MAKING & CONSTRUCTION

COURSE CODE:          VFM 321

DURATION:             2–0–6

UNITS:                8 UNITS

GOAL:                 This module is designed to equip the trainee with further knowledge and skills to enable him design and
                      produce complex furniture items and jigs for repetitive jobs in furniture construction.

GENERAL OBJECTIVES:   On completion of this module the trainee will be able to:

                      1)     Understand various complex furniture items and their uses.

                      2)     Understand methods of constructing built-in furniture.

                      3)     Understand uses of jigs, fixtures and mould for various jobs in furniture construction.




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                                                                                                                    NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009



PROGRAMME: VOCATIONAL ENTERPRISE CERTIFICATE IN FURNITURE MAKING AND UPHOLSTERY
COURSE: ADVANCE FURNITURE MAKING & CONSTRUCTION COURSE CODE: VFM 321 CONTACT HOURS: 2 – 0 – 6
GOAL: THIS MODULE IS DESIGNED TO PROVIDE THE TRAINEE WITH FURTHER KNOWLEDGE AND SKILLS TO ENABLE HIM DESIGN AND PRODUCE
      COMPLEX FURNITURE ITEMS AND JIGS FOR REPETITIVE JOBS IN FURNITURE CONSTRUCTION.
COURSE SPECIFICATION: THEORETICAL CONTENTS                                             COURSE SPECIFICATION: PRACTICAL CONTENTS
         GENERAL OBJECTIVE 1.0: UNDERSTAND VARIOUS COMPLEX FURNITURE ITEMS AND THEIR USES
Week     Specific Learning Objectives       Teacher’s Activities    Learning Resources Specific Learning Objectives   Teacher’s Activities    Learning Resources
         1.1 Describe various types of      • Explain with the      Chalkboard         • Identify various furniture   • Show student blue     Chalkboard
             complex furniture e.g.:          aid of diagrams                            listed in 1.1                  print of the
             a) Conference tables             and pictures the      Lesson notes                                        furniture as well as Pictures/Posters
             b) Extending tables              components and                           • Differentiate among the        the real objects or
             c) Executive tables & chairs     uses of various       Pictures/Posters     listed furniture in 1.1 by     models.               Sketches/Diagrams
             d) Convertible chair             types of furniture                         their geometrical shapes.
             e) Cocktail cabinet              listed in 1.1         Sketches/Diagrams                                 • Illustrate with       Wall charts
             f) Writing table                                                          • Make various sketches of the   diagrams, pictures
             g) Corner cabinet, etc         • Give an overview      Wall charts          following furniture:           and real objects, the Drawing kits and
                                              of the geometrical                         -Cocktail cabinet              geometrical shape     materials
         1.2 Describe the geometrical         shapes of various     Drawing kits and     -Beds                          of each furniture
             shapes of the furniture listed   furniture as listed   materials            -Corner cabinet                listed in 1.1         Models & real samples
             in 1.1 above.                    in 1.1                                     -Cupboard                                            of the following
                                                                    Models of built-in                                • Guide student to      complex furniture:
         1.3 Describe the application of    • Explain the           furniture various  • Translate various sketches     make sketches of           a) Conference
             knockdown fittings used in       purpose, working      complex furniture    into pictorial diagram and     the following:                  tables
             furniture construction.          principles and        listed in 1.1        subsequent working diagram     -Cocktail cabinet          b) Extending
                                              application of                             (also called production        -Beds                         tables
         1.4 Describe the uses of the         knockdown                                  diagram).                      -Corner cabinet            c) Executive
             following fittings and           fittings in furniture                                                     -Cupboard                     tables & chairs
             fixture attachments in           construction.                            • Produce blue print from the                               d) Convertible
             complex furniture              • Explain the uses of                        working drawing for use in   • Guide student to              chair
             construction:                    the under-listed                           constructing the furniture.    develop the                e) Cocktail
             a) Swivel base                   fittings and fixture                                                      sketches of the               cabinet
             b) Convertible and                                                                                                                    f) Writing table
                                              attachments in                           • Identify different types of    furniture made
                 collapsible attachments      furniture                                                                 above to pictorial         g) Corner cabinet
                                                                                         knock down fittings and
                 to bar counter and           construction;                                                             diagram and
                                                                                         their various uses.
                 reception counter.           -Swivel base                                                              subsequent            Samples of
             c) Drawer rollers, etc           -Convertible and                                                          working diagram,      Knockdown fittings.
                                                                                       • Identify the applications of
                                                collapsible                                                             which can be
                                                                                                                                                               103
                                                                                                                      NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                            attachments to                                 the under listed fittings and      printed as blue
                                            bar counter and                                fixture attachments on             print for use in the    Samples of fittings and
                                            reception counter.                             furniture items namely:            construction works.     fixture attachments
                                                                                           -Swivel base                                               used in complex
                                                                                           -Convertible and collapsible    • Show student             furniture construction
                                                                                             attachments to bar counter      various knockdown        such as:
                                                                                             and reception counter.          fittings and their
                                                                                                                             uses.                    a) Swivel base

                                                                                                                           • Illustrate with the      b) Convertible and
                                                                                                                             aid of sketches and         collapsible
                                                                                                                             real objects the            attachments to bar
                                                                                                                             method of fixing            counter and
                                                                                                                             fittings and fixture        reception counter
                                                                                                                             attachments listed
                                                                                                                             in 1.4.
      GENERAL OBJECTIVE 2.0: UNDERSTAND METHODS OF CONSTRUCTING BUILT-IN FURNITURE
4–5   2.1 Mention different types of   • Explain the           Chalkboard              • Identify various built-in         • Show student             Chalkboard
           built-in furniture such as:   features of the                                 furniture e.g.:                     various built-in
           -Wall paneling or             following built-in    Lesson notes              a) wall paneling or                 furniture listed in      Pictures/Posters
            partitioning                 furniture;                                      partitioning                        3.1
           -In-built wardrobe, etc       -Wall paneling or     Pictures/Posters          b) wardrobe etc                                              Sketches/Diagrams
                                            partitioning                                                                   • Show student
      2.2 List the materials used in     -In-built             Sketches/Diagrams       • Identify various materials          various materials        wall charts
          constructing built-in          -wardrobe.                                      used in constructing built-in       used in
          furniture mentioned in 3.1                           wall charts               furniture such as                   constructing built-      Drawing kits and
          such as:                     • Explain the uses of                             -Wall plugs or masonry              in furniture listed in   materials
           -Wall plugs or masonry        various materials     Drawing kits and           walls nails                        3.2.
             walls                       listed in 3.2 for the materials                 -Noggin used                                                 Models & Real
           -nails,                       construction of                                                                   • Demonstrate the          samples of built-in
           -Noggin wood.                 built-in furniture.   Models of built-in      • Prepare ground work for             standard procedure       furniture such as :
                                                               furniture such as :       paneling or partitioning            of preparing             -wall-paneling or
      2.3 Describe the procedure for   • Explain the           -wall-paneling or         built-in furniture using the        groundwork for            partitioning,
          preparing groundwork for       procedure for           partitioning,           necessary materials                 partitioning or          -In-built wardrobe.
          paneling or partitioning       preparing             -In-built wardrobe        identified above.                   partitioning built-in
          built-in furniture             groundwork for                                                                      furniture.               Samples of materials
                                         partitioning the      Samples of materials                                                                   used in constructing
                                         afore-mentioned       used in constructing                                                                   built-in furniture e.g.
                                         built–in furniture.   built-in furniture e.g.                                                                -Wall plugs or
                                                                                                                                                                         104
                                                                                                               NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                                             -Wall plugs or                                                                    masonry walls nails,
                                                               masonry walls nails,                                                          -Noggin wood.
                                                             -Noggin wood.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE 3.0: UNDERSTAND USES OF JIGS, FIXTURES AND MOULD FOR REPETITIVE JOBS IN FURNITURE CONSTRUCTION.
3.1 State the uses of jigs, fixtures • Explain the           Chalkboard             • Identify various jigs, fixtures • Show student         Chalkboard
    and moulds in furniture            purpose and uses                               and moulds applicable to a        various jigs,
    construction.                      of jigs, fixtures and Lesson notes             particular design of furniture    fixtures and moulds Lesson notes
                                       moulds in furniture                            e.g.; chair (comprising back      applicable to a
3.2 Describe cases where jigs,         construction          Pictures/Posters         leg, front leg, arm rest, etc.)   particular design of Pictures/Posters
    fixtures and moulds are used                                                                                        furniture e.g. chair
    in furniture construction e.g. • Give examples of        Sketches/Diagrams      • Make sketches of the              (comprising back     Sketches/Diagrams
    in the production of               the application of                             identified jigs of the chosen     leg, front leg, arm
    repetitive jobs for speedy         jigs, fixtures and    wall charts              furniture as listed above.        rest, etc.)          wall charts
    production, accuracy,              moulds in furniture
    material and human control.        construction, see     Drawing kits and       • Construct templates from the • Guide student to        Drawing kits and
                                       2.2.                  materials                developed sketches above          make sketches of     materials
3.3 Describe the materials used                                                       for the purpose of marking        the identified jigs
    in                               • Explain the           Models of jigs,          out specific shapes of the        of the chair         Models of jigs,
    -Constructing jigs, fixtures       materials used in     fixtures and moulds      chosen furniture.                 (comprising back     fixtures and moulds
     and mould and justify their       the construction of                                                              leg, front leg, arm
     uses. The materials               jigs, fixtures and                           • Identify the materials used in    rest, etc.)          Real samples of jigs,
     include:                          mould for furniture                            producing jigs, fixtures and                           fixtures and moulds
    -Plaster of Paris                  construction.                                  moulds for furniture            • Guide student to
    -Wood                                                                             construction.                     construct templates Materials for
    -plywood, cardboard,             • Explain different                                                                from the developed producing jigs,
     plastic, etc                      methods of                                   • Produce suitable jigs,            sketches of the      fixtures and moulds
                                       producing jigs and                             fixtures and moulds for           chosen furniture for such as:
3.4 Describe methods of                moulds for various                             repetitive jobs in furniture      the purpose of       -Plaster of Paris
    producing jigs and moulds          uses.                                          construction.                     marking out          -Wood
    for furniture construction.                                                                                         specific shapes of   -Cement
                                                                                                                        the furniture.
                                                                                                                                             Tools for the
                                                                                                                      • Show student the     construction of jigs,
                                                                                                                        materials used in    fixtures and mould
                                                                                                                        producing jigs,
                                                                                                                        fixtures and moulds Water for mixing the
                                                                                                                        for furniture        Plaster of Paris and
                                                                                                                        construction and     cement used in
                                                                                                                        justify their uses.  producing the moulds
                                                                                                                                                             105
NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


   • Demonstrate how
     to produce different
     jigs, fixtures and
     moulds for
     repetitive jobs in
     furniture
     construction.




                                   106
                                                                                             NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

ASSESSMENT STRUCTURE

        TYPE OF ASSESSMENT   PURPOSE AND NATURE OF ASSESSMENT (VFM 321)                              WEIGHING
        Examination          Final Examination (written) to assess knowledge and understanding       10
        Test                 At least 2 progress tests for feed back.                                10
        Practical            At least 5 home works to be assessed by the teacher                     80
        TOTAL WEIGHT                                                                                 100

RECOMMENDED TEXTBOOKS AND REFERENCES

1)   NAME:           WOODWORK IN THEORY AND PRACTICE
     AUTHOR:         JOHN CLIFFORD
     PUBLISHER:

2)   NAME:           WOODWORK TECHNOLOGY
     AUTHOR:         JOHN STREFORD
     PUBLISHER:

3)   NAME:           WOODWORK FOR SCHOOLS AND COLLEGES
     AUTHOR:         G. N. GREEN
     PUBLISHER:

4)   NAME:           WOODWORK TECHNOLOGY
     AUTHOR:         CHAPMAN
     PUBLISHER:

5)   NAME:           GENERAL METAL WORK
     AUTHOR:         THOMAS
     PUBLISHER:




                                                                                                                                107
                                                                              NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

                                                LIST OF MINIMUM RESOURCES
A. Holding and Supporting Hand Tools
   S/No.         Tools Description                          Min. Qty   Unit
   1             The Bench                                  18         Nos
   2             The bench Vice                             36         √
   3             G-Gramp                                    18         √
   4             F-Cramp                                    18         √
   5             Sash-Cramp                                 18         √
   6             Bench hold fast                            18         √
   7             Mitre Gramp                                18         √
   8             Mitre Box                                  18         √




B. Percussion & Impelling Hand Tools
   S/No.          Tools Description                         Min. Qty   Unit
   1              Warrington Hammar                         18         Nos
   2              Claw Hammar                               18         √
   3              Tack Hammar                               18         √
   4              Magnet tack Hammar                        18         √
   5              Iron bar                                  10         √
   6              Pincers                                   18         √
   7              Cutter pincers                            18         √
   8              Screw dfrivers (Hat & Star)               18         Set.
   9              Wooden/Rubber Mallet                      18         Nos.
   10             Spanners                                  18         Set.
   11             Oil Can                                   18         Nos.




                                                                                                                 108
                                                                      NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

C. Cutting Tools
   S/No.           Tools Description                Min. Qty   Unit
   1               Jack plane (Metal/Wooden)        18         Nos
   2               Smoothing Plane (Metal/Wooden)   18         √
   3               Block plane (Metal)              18         √
   4               Bullnose Plane (Metal)           18         √
   5               Datch Plane (Wooden)             18         √
   6               Spoke Shave                      18         √
   7               Plough plane (Metal)             18         √
   8               Cabinet hand scraper             18         √
   9               Chisels:
                               Mortise              18         √
                               Beveled edge         18         √
                               Firmer               18         √
   10              Drilling bits                    10         Set.
   11              Gimlets                          18         Nos.
   12              Bradawl                          18         √
   13              Expansion bit                    10         Set.
   14              Nail bit                         18         Nos.
   15              Wood drill                       18         √
   16              Concrete bits                    10         √
   17              Nail punch                       18         √
   18              Raps files (various grade)       10         Set.
   19              Angular files                    18         Nos.
   20              Upholsterer’s knives             10         √
   21              Scissors                         18         Set.
   22              Upholsterers ripping chisel      18         Nos.
   23              Oil stone                        18         √
   24              Cross cut saw                    18         √
   25              Panel saw                        18         √
   26              Rip saw                          18         √
   27              Dovetail saw                     18         √
                                                                                                         109
                                                                      NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

   28             Tenon saw                         18         √
   29             Light back saw                    18         √
   30             Net of saws                       18         √
   31             Compass saw                       10         √
   32             Bow saw                           10         √
   33             Key hole saw                      10         √
   34             Fret saw                          18         √
   35             Coping saw                        10         √

D. Geometrical Tools
   S/No.         Tools Description                  Min. Qty   Unit
   1             Measuring Tape                     18         Nos
   2             Tape rule                          18         √
   3             Marking knives                     18         √
   4             Marking gauge                      18         √
   5             Mortise gauge                      18         √
   6             Try square                         18         √
   7             Mitre square                       18         √
   8             Combination square                 18         √
   9             Sliding bevel square               18         √
   10            Iron square                        18         √
   11            Straight edge (metal)              18         √
   12            Wing compass                       10         √
   13            Calipers (in & out)                10         √
   14            The Brace                          18         √
   15            Upholstery Needle (Various type)   10         Set.
   16            Wood worker pencil                 60         Nos.


E. Woodworking Machines
   S/No.       Tools Description                    Min. Qty   Unit
   1           Cross cut sawing machine             1          Nos
                                                                                                         110
                                                                                  NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

   2              Circular sawing machine                       1          √
   3              Surface planing machine                       1          √
   4              Thicknessing planing machine                  1          √
   5              Spindle moulding machine                      1          √
   6              Band sawing machine                           1          √
   7              Mortise Machine                               1          √
   8              Lathe turning machine                         1          √
   9              Dimension sawing machine                      1          √
   10             Spraying machine                              1          √
   11             Spraying gun                                  2          √
   12             Upholstery sewing machine                     1          √
   13             Belt Sanding machine                          1          √


F. Portable power tools
   S/No.          Tools Description                             Min. Qty   Unit
   1              Jig saw portable power tool                   3          Nos
   2              Router portable power tool                    3          √
   3              Sanding portable power tool                   3          √
   4              Drilling portable power tool                  3          √
   5              Grinding portable power tool                  3          √
   6              Spraying portable power tool                  3          √


G. Consumables items

   S/No          Description                                Qty Required
   1             Various Wood materials (materials sizes)
                 -1”x12”x12” – 25x305x3.5m
                 -1 ½ ”x12”x12” – 36x305x3.5m
                  2”x12”x12” – 50x305x3.5m
                 -2”x12”x12” – 50x305x3.5m
                                                                                                                     111
                                                   NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

2     Plywood various sizes
     -6mmx1.2x2.4m
     -12mmx1.2x2.4m
     -18mmx1.2x2.4m
3    Particle board
     -12mmx1.2x2.4m
     -18mmx1.2x2.4m
4    Block board
     -18mmx1.2x2.4m
5    Wood veneers – rolls
6    Foam of various thicknesses
     -12mm
     -25mm
     -36mm
     -50mm
     Cushions of various thicknesses
     -100mm
     -150mm
7    Fabrics of various types
8    Leather of various types
9    Webbing rubber in rolls
10   Calico
11   Hessian/jute bag
12   Springs of various types
13   Adhesives -e.g
             Glue
             Evostic
14   Nails of various inches e.g 2”, 1½”, 1”, ¾”
15   Tack nails in packets
16   Screws of various types and sizes
17   Corrugated box fasteners
18   Hinges of various types & sizes
                                                                                      112
                                                NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009

19   Sand/glass paper of various grades
20   Lacquer – in gallons
21   Sanding sealer – in gallons
22   Thinner – in gallons
23   Varnishing - in gallons
24   Retarder - in gallons
25   Handles of various types & sizes
26   Locks of various types & sizes
27   Stain (cold & warm) in gallons
28   Staple pins
29   Nuts &bolts of various types & sizes
30   Castors of various types
31   Drawer glide of various sizes
32   Swivel base
33   Paints of various types in gallons
34   Under coat of various colours & types in
     gallons




                                                                                   113
                                                                                                   NVC Furniture Making & Upholstery: 2009


LIST OF PARTICIPANTS
S/N   NAMES                         ADDRESS                                              ‘PHONE NO     E-MAIL
1.    Engr. (Dr) Nuru Yakubu        Executive Secretary, NBTE Kaduna
2.    Dr M.S Abubakar               Director of Programmes, NBTE Kaduna
3.    Mal. Lawan Abdulkarim         Ag Dept Director, Technical Colleges, NBTE, Kaduna   08037013711   lawannbte@yahoo.co.uk
4.    Mr. L. A. Lawal               Foundation for Skills, Lagos.                        08034061531   foundationforskillsdevt@yahoo.com
5.    Ahmed Tijjani Jibo            Science and Technical School Board, Kano State       08054445674
6.    Ibrahim Yusuf                 KFCC Ltd, Kaduna South, Kaduna                       08036950563
7.    Arc Ogoh Ngbede               NBTE, Kaduna                                         08035961546   ngbede2001@yahoo.com
8.    Engr. (Mrs.) Ngozi Okelekwe   NBTE, Kaduna                                         08033941915   nchala_igwe@yahoo.com
9.    Mr. Ndu U. M.                 Basic & Sec Education Dept., FME, Abuja              08027821749   ndu_matthew@yahoo.co.uk




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