Dr. H. Verwoerd Minister for Native Affairs 1950-58 Prime Minister 1958-1966 (assassinated) In 1953, Dr. Verwoerd said… “ Teaching the Bantu in English or Afrikaans Bantu would only make Bantus think they had a place among the civilised in South Africa. a The school must equip [a black pupil to meet pupil] the demands which South Africa will impose upon him. There is no place for the native in the European community above the level of certain forms of labour. What is the use of teaching a Bantu child mathematics when it cannot use it in practise? That is absurd.” purpose does is a Bantu? he suggest employment does he suggest most Q. What topic is he discussing? Bantu education serve? Bantus follow? Bantu Education Act 1953 similarity… One Black pupils White pupils Taught in tribal language. Taught in English or Afrikaans. “The white stands on a much Taught mainly manual skills. Taught math‟s, languages etc. higher plane of civilisation and is Less funding for materials and more developed [than the non-White]. equipment. Whites must so live, learn and workby the Parents have to buy own writing Writing materials provided that we shall not sink to the level of materials. school. the non-Whites.” Teacher‟s annual wage after 1963 = £320 maximum. = £603 minimum. Spending on school pupils before cuts were made in 1953 = Extract from a Transvaal textbook. Blacks £8.99 Whites £63.92 Coloured & Asians £20.21 Specimen examination question Why was the Bantu Education Act passed? (4 marks) LEVEL 1 Answers will show some appropriate recall, selection and deployment of historical knowledge 1-2 in presenting a limited explanation. e.g. … to provide different schools for black children. LEVEL 2 Answers will show appropriate recall, selection and deployment of historical knowledge in 3-4 presenting an explanation. e.g. Considers the idea of separate development; to give government control to black education; to set up black only schools; to provide education for life in the homelands not in white areas/cities; to teach in the ethnic language not English; apartheid. Specimen examination question My department‟s policy is that the Bantu must be guided to serve his own people in all respects. There is no place for him in the white community above the level of certain forms of labour. Within his own community however all doors are open. Until now he has been subjected to a school system which drew him away from his own community. What is the point of teaching a Bantu child Mathematics when he cannot use it in practise? Dr. H.F. Verwoerd speaking about the Bantu Education Act of 1953, in June 1954. How useful is this source to an historian studying the effects of apartheid on black people in South Africa? Explain your answer using the source and your own knowledge. (5 marks) LEVEL 1 • Answers will give an account based on the source material or paraphrase of the source. 1-2 • Answers will suggest that the source is useful because of what the source says. LEVEL 2 • Answers will show an understanding of the content of the source by some reference to 3-4 historical context. • Answers will analyse the source to come to a conclusion about the usefulness of the source. LEVEL 3 • Answers will show a clear understanding of the information contained in the source and relate 5 this information to the wider historical context. • Answers will analyse the source to make a valid attempt to suggest why the source is useful in the context of the issue by discussing fully the content, origin and purpose of the source. Good answer? The source gives useful information on the reasons behind the Bantu Education Act and the attitude of the Nationalist Government to Black people. It attempts to throw a positive light on the Bantu Education Act as one that will encourage the development of Black children within their own community. It shows that Verwoerd, Minister of Native Affairs thought that there was no point in educating a Black child since there would be no jobs „available‟ for him. “What is the point of teaching a Bantu child math‟s?”. The source is part of a speech by Dr. Verwoerd in June 1954, probably to justify the Education Act, which had been brought in the previous year. However as Dr. Verwoerd was Minister of Native Affairs at the time it can hardly be seen as reliable. Also, it really only shows the reasons behind the Act, not the effects. The source does not give any evidence of the effects of apartheid in other areas of life.