SER

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					       SER
       and
SUBJECT PRONOUNS
Do you know what’s meant by 1st person, 2nd person, 3rd
 person?

1st person is the person who is speaking – I
2nd is the person to whom one is speaking – you
3rd is the person about whom one is speaking -- he,
                                                she, it

I, you, he, she, it are all singular pronouns. Each refers
   to one person. But we also have plural pronouns:

1st person plural = I + another person = we
2nd person plural = you + another person = y’all
3rd person plural = he/she/it + another person = they
  These pronouns are called SUBJECT PRONOUNS:


              I              we
              you            y’all
              he, she, it    they

What that means is that these pronouns are used
 as the SUBJECT of the sentence:

I read a book. (Not *Me read a book.)
You read a book. (Not *Your read a book.)
He reads a book. (Not *Him reads a book.)
               singular          plural
1st person        I               we
2nd person        you             y’all
3rd person        he, she, it     they

Pronouns are always, always, ALWAYS in this
order. When you learn pronouns in any
language, this is the order in which you’ll find
them. When you learn the verbs that go with
the pronouns, the verbs will always, always,
ALWAYS be in this order.
                  singular         plural
 1st person        _____          ______
 2nd person        _____          ______
 3rd person        _____          ______




Question: How often are pronouns found in this
          order?

      Answer: Always, always, ALWAYS.
Click here to go to a brief practice exercise.
Following are the Spanish subject pronouns:

              yo         nosotros
              tú         vosotros
              él, ella   ellos

They correspond to the English subject pronouns:

              I          we
              you        y’all
              he, she    they
Spanish has two additional pronouns: usted (Ud.) and ustedes
  (Uds.).

“Ud.” means “you.”
“Uds.” means “y’all.”

“Ud.” is used with people to whom you should show respect,
  people who are older than you are or in a position of authority.
  It’s pretty safe to say that if you call the person
  Mr./Mrs./Ms./Miss/Dr./Prof. + last name rather than by his first
  name, you should use “Ud.” rather than “tú.” If you call the
  person by his first name, you should probably use “tú” with him.

“Uds.” is used in Spain to show respect just like Ud. is. However,
  “vosotros,” the familiar form you use with friends (people you
  address by their first name), doesn’t exist in Latin America, and
  they use “Uds.” no matter who they’re talking to.
In spite of the fact that “Ud.” means the same
  thing “tú” does (“you”), it’s treated like a third
  person pronoun:

                 yo               nosotros
                 tú               vosotros
                 él, ella, Ud.    ellos

What that means is that anything that applies to
 the third person (like verb endings and OBJECT
 pronouns) also applies to “Ud.”
The same is true of “Uds.” Even though it means
 the same thing as “vosotros” (“y’all”), it goes
 with the 3rd person plural:

              yo              nosotros
              tú              vosotros
              él, ella, Ud.   ellos, Uds.
One more note about subject pronouns: the
 -os in three of them can change to –as if
 every member of the group is female:

         yo              nosotros, nosotras
         tú              vosotros, vosotras
         él, ella, Ud.   ellos, ellas, Uds.
                     SER
“Ser” means “to be.” It’s the most irregular
  verb there is in both English and Spanish.

               am        are
               are       are
               is        are

               soy       somos
               eres      sois
               es        son
     I          we               am         are
     you        y’all            are        are
     he, she    they             is         are

     yo         nosotros         soy        somos
     tú         vosotros         eres       sois
     él, ella   ellos            es         son

Just as “I” takes the verb that’s in its position
  (“am”), “yo” takes the verb that’s in its position
  (“soy”). In other words, “yo soy” is “I am,” “tú
  eres” is “you are,” etc.
However, you don’t have to use the pronouns. Look at the
  Spanish forms of “ser”:

                     soy           somos
                     eres          sois
                     es            son

All of them are different. So “soy” all by itself means “I am.” “Soy
    alto” means “I am tall.” “Eres” all by itself means “you are.”
    “Soy” can never mean anything but “I am,” and “eres” can
    never mean anything but “you are.” You never have to use a
    subject pronoun in Spanish, because when you look at the
    verb, you know what the subject has to be.
If you say “yo soy,” it doesn’t mean “I am”; it means “I am.” In
    other words, it emphasizes the pronoun. However, you can
    say “él es” or “ella es” or “Ud. es” or “ellos son” or “Uds. son”
    to clarify the subject. That is, “soy” can mean only “I am,” so
    the only time you use “yo” is if you want to emphasize it, but
    “es” can mean “he is,” “she is,” or “you are,” so you can use
    the pronoun to show whether you mean “he,” “she,” or “you.”
In your homework, I’ll give you a subject and a blank. You’ll put in
   the correct form of “ser”:

        son
Ellos _______

       es
Juan _______ (Note: “Juan” is the same as “él.”)

            somos
Elena y yo ______ (Note: “Elena y yo” is the same as “nosotros.”)

        es
Ud. ___________

      eres
Tú ___________
Click here to go to your “ser” homework.

				
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