PRONOUN CASE by xiangpeng



                        SUBJECTIVE                 OBJECTIVE                  POSSESSIVE
PERSON                  Singular Plural            Singular Plural            Singular   Plural
First                   I        we                me       us                my/mine    our/ours
Second                  you      you               you      you               your/yours your/yours
Third                   he       they              him      them              his        their/theirs
                        she                        her                        her/hers
                        it                         it                         its

         A pronoun in the subjective case functions as a subject.
          He was going to copy the document .
          Turkey and I wanted Bartleby to leave.
          He and I found Bartleby at his desk.

         A pronoun in the objective case functions as a direct object, an indirect object, or the object
          of a preposition.
          I saw him walking across the street. [direct object]
          We showed him the doo . [indirect object]
          He told us that he preferred not to and looked away from us. [object of a preposition]

         A pronoun in the possessive case indicates ownership.
          His manners were mild and polite.
          The first signature on the contract was mine.
          My client signed his name next to mine.

         For compound subjects and objects, perform the strike-out test to see which pronoun would
          be appropriate. Strike out everything but the pronoun in the compound subject/object to see
          which pronoun sounds right.
          Bartleby and me never fought..
          Bartleby and I never fought.  ☺
          Turkey told Bartleby and I about the new client.
          Turker told Bartleby and me about the new clients.  ☺

         The strike-out test works for word groups following a pronoun as well.
          We scriveners in the office work hard.  ☺
          Us criveners in the office work hard.

         Who/whom: Who refers to a subject, whom to an object. If you are confused about which
          pronoun to use, temporarily substitute the pronoun with he or him. If you could substitute
          he, the correct pronoun is who. If you could substitute him, the correct pronoun is whom.

          Who/whom will tell Bartleby that he has to leave? He will tell Bartleby that he has to leave.
           Who will tell Bartleby that he has to leave?
          Who/whom should we ask? We should ask him.
           Whom should we ask?
          To who/whom should we give the document? We should give the document to him.
           To whom should we give the document?

         Avoid the objective case after linking verbs (=verbs connecting a subject to a pronoun that
          renames it)
          The hardest worker in the office was I. (not: …was me)
          Who is there? It is I. (not: It’s me)

►Did you like the sample sentences? Get the whole story in Herman Melville’s “Bartleby the Scrivener.”

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