Directions: At the beginning of each class you will take notes in your DGP notebook and then complete the assigned task for the day. There will be periodic notebook checks and pop quizzes based on this material. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Nouns describe people, places, things, or ideas. They are either 1) singular or 2) plural, 3) common or 4) proper, 5) concrete or 6) abstract, or 7) collective. Task: Use prior knowledge to define each of the seven types of nouns listed above. In your own words, what is a singular noun? What is a plural noun? and so on… Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Pronouns replace nouns. Instead of ―Joe ate Joe’s sandwich‖ you use the pronouns he and his. ―He ate his sandwich.‖ He and His are personal pronouns, and can be used in first person, second person, or third person. Task: Write three different sentences in which you use a personal pronoun in each person (first, second, and third). Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Pronouns replace nouns. We talked about personal pronouns last class. A Reflexive pronoun is formed by adding – self or –selves to a personal pronoun. Task: Write three sentences in which you make three different personal pronouns reflexive. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Pronouns replace nouns. A demonstrative pronoun points out specific people, places, or things. An interrogative pronoun introduces questions. ―Whose bicycle?‖ ―That bicycle is Sam’s.‖ Task: Which of the italicized pronouns in the sentences above is demonstrative? Which is interrogative? Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) You know that pronouns replace nouns, and that there are four types of pronouns. Task: Write four different sentences using an example of each of the following pronoun types: 1) personal, 2) reflexive, 3) demonstrative, and 4) Interrogative. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns. They answer questions like What kind? Which one? and How many? Task: List the first 10 adjectives that come to your mind when you think about yourself as a teenager. List the first 10 adjectives that come to your mind when you think about yourself as an adult. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Sometimes a noun can act like an Adjective by describing something. ―The garden display attracted visitors.‖ Display is being modified by garden. Task: Write three sentences in which you use a noun as an adjective. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Verbs are action words. There are three basic types of verbs: action, linking, and helping verbs. Action verbs tells what action the sentences subject performs. ―Our teacher speaks.‖ Task: Write three different sentences using different action verbs. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Linking verbs connect a subject to a noun, pronoun, or adjective in a sentence. The words that follow a linking verb answer the question what? Example: ―These chickens are hungry.‖ The chickens are what? They are hungry. Task: Write five sentences using different linking verbs. Common linking verbs are am, is, are, was, and be. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Helping verbs assist the main verb in a sentence. The helping verbs are italicized in the examples below. • ―The mechanic will repair the auto.‖ • ―Has the mechanic spoken with you yet?‖ • ―He will be speaking with me.‖ Task: Write four different sentences using different helping verbs. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. An adverb usually answers Where? When? How? ―Henry swam brilliantly.‖ How did he swim? Note: Most adverbs end in –ly, but not all. Task: Write three sentences that use adverbs to answer where, when or how. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Prepositions are words that show the relationship between nouns or pronouns and another word in the sentence. ―Molly walked into her aunt’s house‖ or ―The student put the book under his desk.‖ Think of prepositions as ―anywhere a mouse can go.‖ Task: Write three sentences using different prepositions. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Conjunctions connect words or groups of words. There are three types: coordinating, correlative, and subordinating. Coordination conjunctions are easy to remember— just think of the acronym FANBOYS. Task: Write one or more sentences using each of the conjunctions in the FANBOYS at least once. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Correlative conjunctions join words or groups of words. There are five pairs: whether…or, neither…nor, either…or, not only…but also, and both…and. They always go together in sentences. Task: Write five sentences using each pair once. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Subordinating conjunctions join larger groups of words within sentences. They begin adverb clauses (groups of words that answer When? Where? and How?) ―Because Julie was upset, she asked to be left by herself.‖ Why did Julie ask to be left by herself? Task: Write three sentences using different subordinating conjunctions such as after, although, because, since, though, unless, and while. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Interjections express strong emotions or feelings. They are usually followed by exclamation marks. ―Wow! That was a close call.‖ Here are a few interjections: hello, phew, oops, yes, no, oh, and wow. Task: Write four sentences using different interjections. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) You have reviewed the eight parts of speech: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs, adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. Now, show off your skills! Task: Use the word ―part‖ as both a noun and a verb. Use the word ―lower‖ as both a verb and a preposition. Use the word ―for‖ as both a conjunction and a preposition. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Phrases are related groups of words that function as a part of speech and do NOT contain both subject and verb. There are verb phrases, prepositional phrases, participial phrases, gerund phrases, infinitive phrases, and appositive phrases. Daily Grammar Practice (DGP) Clauses are groups of words that have both a subject and a verb. There are independent clauses, which can stand alone, and dependent clauses, which cannot. Task: Identify the dependent clause: ―Jeremiah was a bullfrog‖ or ―after she finished her drawing.‖How do you know?