Document Sample
DGPs Powered By Docstoc
					Directions: At the beginning of each
class you will take notes in your DGP
notebook and then complete the
assigned task for the day. There will be
periodic notebook checks and pop
quizzes based on this material.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
   Nouns describe people, places, things, or
   ideas. They are either 1) singular or 2)
   plural, 3) common or 4) proper, 5) concrete
   or 6) abstract, or 7) collective.

   Task: Use prior knowledge to define each
   of the seven types of nouns listed above.
   In your own words, what is a singular noun?
   What is a plural noun? and so on…
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
Pronouns replace nouns. Instead of ―Joe
ate Joe’s sandwich‖ you use the pronouns
he and his. ―He ate his sandwich.‖ He and
His are personal pronouns, and can be
used in first person, second person, or
third person.
        Task: Write three different
        sentences in which you use a
        personal pronoun in each person
        (first, second, and third).
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
  Pronouns replace nouns. We talked
  about personal pronouns last class. A
  Reflexive pronoun is formed by adding –
  self or –selves to a personal pronoun.

    Task: Write three sentences in
    which you make three different
    personal pronouns reflexive.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
 Pronouns replace nouns. A demonstrative
 pronoun points out specific people, places, or
 things. An interrogative pronoun introduces
                ―Whose bicycle?‖
             ―That bicycle is Sam’s.‖

          Task: Which of the italicized
          pronouns in the sentences above is
          demonstrative? Which is
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)

You know that pronouns replace nouns, and
that there are four types of pronouns.

Task: Write four different sentences
using an example of each of the following
pronoun types: 1) personal, 2) reflexive, 3)
demonstrative, and 4) Interrogative.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns.
They answer questions like What kind?
Which one? and How many?
Task: List the first 10 adjectives that
come to your mind when you think about
yourself as a teenager. List the first 10
adjectives that come to your mind when
you think about yourself as an adult.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)

 Sometimes a noun can act like an
 Adjective by describing something.
 ―The garden display attracted visitors.‖
 Display is being modified by garden.

 Task: Write three sentences in which
 you use a noun as an adjective.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
Verbs are action words. There are
three basic types of verbs: action,
linking, and helping verbs. Action verbs
tells what action the sentences subject
performs. ―Our teacher speaks.‖

       Task: Write three different
       sentences using different action
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
 Linking verbs connect a subject to a
 noun, pronoun, or adjective in a
 sentence. The words that follow a linking
 verb answer the question what?
 Example: ―These chickens are hungry.‖
 The chickens are what? They are
         Task: Write five sentences
         using different linking verbs.
              Common linking verbs are
 am, is,           are, was, and be.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
Helping verbs assist the main verb in a
sentence. The helping verbs are italicized
in the examples below.
   • ―The mechanic will repair the auto.‖
   • ―Has the mechanic spoken with you yet?‖
   • ―He will be speaking with me.‖

   Task: Write four different sentences
   using different helping verbs.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
Adverbs modify verbs, adjectives, or
other adverbs. An adverb usually
answers Where? When? How? ―Henry
swam brilliantly.‖ How did he swim?
Note: Most adverbs end in –ly, but not
       Task: Write three sentences
       that use adverbs to answer
       where, when or how.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
Prepositions are words that show the
relationship between nouns or pronouns
and another word in the sentence. ―Molly
walked into her aunt’s house‖ or ―The
student put the book under his desk.‖
Think of prepositions as ―anywhere a
mouse can go.‖

       Task: Write three sentences
       using different prepositions.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
Conjunctions connect words or groups
of words. There are three types:
coordinating, correlative, and
subordinating. Coordination
conjunctions are easy to remember—
just think of the acronym FANBOYS.
        Task: Write one or more
        sentences using each of the
        conjunctions in the FANBOYS
        at least once.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)

Correlative conjunctions join words or
groups of words. There are five pairs:
whether…or, neither…nor, either…or, not
only…but also, and both…and. They always
go together in sentences.

       Task: Write five sentences using
       each pair once.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
Subordinating conjunctions join larger
groups of words within sentences. They
begin adverb clauses (groups of words that
answer When? Where? and How?) ―Because
Julie was upset, she asked to be left by
herself.‖ Why did Julie ask to be left by
    Task: Write three sentences using
    different subordinating conjunctions
    such as after, although, because, since,
    though, unless, and while.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)

Interjections express strong emotions
or feelings. They are usually followed by
exclamation marks. ―Wow! That was a
close call.‖ Here are a few interjections:
hello, phew, oops, yes, no, oh, and wow.

        Task: Write four sentences
        using different interjections.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
You have reviewed the eight parts of
speech: nouns, pronouns, verbs, adverbs,
adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions,
and interjections. Now, show off your
        Task: Use the word ―part‖ as
        both a noun and a verb. Use the
        word ―lower‖ as both a verb and a
        preposition. Use the word ―for‖
        as both a conjunction and a
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
Phrases are related groups of words
that function as a part of speech and do
NOT contain both subject and verb.
There are verb phrases, prepositional
phrases, participial phrases, gerund
phrases, infinitive phrases, and
appositive phrases.
Daily Grammar Practice (DGP)
Clauses are groups of words that have
both a subject and a verb. There are
independent clauses, which can stand
alone, and dependent clauses, which

        Task: Identify the dependent
            clause: ―Jeremiah was a
bullfrog‖        or ―after she finished
her              drawing.‖How do you