crct-hints- by xiangpeng


									                        CRCT Review and Helpful Hints

Question-What are the similarities and differences between Demonstrative Pronouns and
         Demonstrative Adjectives?
Answer- Similarity- The words are the same: this, that, these, those. The words refer to
                     a noun.
         Differences-The pronoun is followed by a being verb
                      The adjective has a noun after it instead of a verb

 Examples- Demonstrative Pronoun- This was a hard (test.) That (game) is challenging.
           Demonstrative Adjective- These (tests) were hard. Those( dogs) are wild.

Question- Name all the “state of being verbs”
Answer- Am, are, is, was, were, be, being, been

 Examples- My birthday is in October. I will be 12 in October. Was is
           considered the helping verb.

Question- What is a another type of conjunction besides subordinating
          and coordinating?

Answer- Correlative-there are 3.
         They are always paired in a certain way.
         They can be used in simple, compound, or complex sentences.
Examples- Neither Jane nor her sister are tall like their father.
           Both Jane and her sister are short like their mother.
           Either apple pie or chocolate cake will be okay to serve
           for my birthday dessert since they both are my favorite.
Note: If and + nor are used alone they are coordinating conjunctions.
Question and Examples- What questions do adjectives answer?
         What Kind Color words, Size words, Words with adj. suffixes,
                      Words that show emotions
                      Proper Adj. (Japanese, Irish, American)
          How Many All numbers
          How Much Enough (food), Little (money), Many (people)
                       Greater (amount), Much (happiness), Less (energy)
                       More (presents) All (cars) *words in (     ) are nouns*
                       No (pencils) Most (trees)
             Which Ones- This, That , These, Those

Question- Why is the word modify associated with adjectives?
Answer- Modify means to describe. Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns.
Examples: The brand new, red (car) is parked in the two –car (garage.)
          (He) is sick today.
Underlined words = adj. (     ) = pronoun

Question- What are the “comparative “and “superlative “forms of adjectives and adverbs?

Answer- Comparative means you are comparing 2 things.
        Superlative means you are comparing more than 2 things

Examples:   good (plain form or root word)     little (plain)
            better (comparative)               littler or less (comparative)
            best (superlative)                  least (superlative)

            bad (plain)                        many (plain) or much
            worse (comparative)                more (comparative)
            worst (superlative)                most (superlative)

Example Sentences: I had a worse case of the flu than my brother.
                   I had the worst case of the flu in my family.

                    I earned a better grade than the other students.
                    I earned the best test grade in my class.
                    I did better on the test than my friends. (adverb)

Question: What questions do adverbs answer?
Answers: How, Where, When, ,How Often, How Much/To What Extent
Examples: How – fast, well, “ly” words
          Where-here, there, straight, ahead, home, out, behind
          When –now, later, tonight, tomorrow, immediately, then
          How Often- daily, yearly, never, rarely, always, seldom
          How Much/To What Extent- very, quite, extremely, not, too, so
Question- What types of words do adverbs modify?
Answers: Adverbs modify verbs, but they also can modify adjectives and other adverbs.

                           ADVERBS MODIFYING VERBS
Examples: The runner( ran) slowly on Saturday, so he( placed) last in the race.
           Slowly modifies ran which is a verb.
            Last modifies placed which is a verb.
          To get to my doctor‟s appointment on time, my mother (drove) fast.
           Fast modifies drove which is a verb.

                         ADVERBS MODIFYING ADJECTIVES

          It is (very) cool and also (rainy) today.
          Very modifies cool which is an adjective.
          Also and today modify rainy which is an adjective.
          A famous cliché is –I am so (hungry) that I could eat a horse!
          So modifies hungry which is an adjective. (so can be an adverb)

                          ADVERBS MODIFYING ADVERBS
Since I (was walking) quite (slowly) at the mall, I became separated from my friends.
          Quite modifies slowly which also is an adverb.
          My family very( often) goes for a bike ride on the weekends.
   Very modifies often which is also an adverb.
                      ** It is possible to have 2 adverbs in a row! **

Question- What are the 4 different types of sentence structures?
Answer- Simple- 1 independent clause( has at least 1 subject and verb. ) . The sentence may
have a compound subject and/or verb, using a coordinating conjunction or may have no
         Compound- Two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction or
        Complex- One independent clause joined with one dependent clause. ( has at least 1
verb) The sentence uses a subordinating conjunction which is part of a fragment.
         Compound-Complex- Two independent clauses joined with one dependent clause.
Both a coordinating conjunction and a subordinating conjunction are used in the sane
Examples- Simple- I eat a snack around 5:00 PM.
   I eat a snack and practice piano around 5:00 PM. (simple but has compound verb)
   My brother and I eat a snack at 5:00PM. (simple but has compound subject)

Compound-I eat a snack after school, for my family does not eat dinner until late.
           I eat a snack after school, so I will have energy for soccer practice.
           I eat a snack; my family eats dinner at a late hour.
Complex- As soon as come home from school, I eat a snack before dinner.
          I eat a snack after I come home from school. (no comma)

Compound –Complex- When I come home from school, I eat a snack, for my family
                    does not eat until late evening.
                   My family does not eat until late, so I have a snack when I come home
                   from school.

Question- What is the rule for making a plural noun possessive that already ends in “s”?
Answer- Add an s‟ to the plural nouns, so it then shows ownership.
Examples- city (singular)      cities (plural)     cities‟ buildings (plural possessive)
           monkey (singular) monkeys (plural) monkeys‟ paws (plural possessive)
           peach (singular)     peaches(plural) peaches‟ pits (plural possessive)
           key(singular)        keys(plural)       keys‟ rings (plural possessive)
           dress(singular)      dresses(plural) dresses‟ buttons((plural possessive)

Question- What is the rule for making a plural noun possessive that does not end in “s”?
Answer- Add „s to the plural noun to make it possessive?
Examples- fish(singular)   fish (plural)    fish‟s fins(plural possessive)
          child (singular) children(plural) children‟s toys (plural possessive)
          sheep(singular) sheep(plural)      sheep‟s wool((plural possessive)

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