New York State Horse Council, Inc. “To create a strong uniﬁed voice for all horse interests toward the preservation of a future for horses in New York State.” Volume 15 President’s Message Number 1 By George W. King 2009 Welcome to our ﬁrst newsletter of the year. Unfor- together a series of displays to show the best side of tunately, due to a number of problems it is a little late, the Council. We have now purchased two portable but we will work hard to catch up. We apologize for display boards and have an expert helping us put any inconvenience this may have caused. these displays together. These combined with our new literature program will help us really shine when we Ride~Drive Program are in front of the public. The Horse Council Board has a number of new members and, as with any organization, this means A Challenge for Members rejuvenation and increase in energy on the part of the Our membership numbers, just like many other board. One of the ﬁrst and most visible results of this organizations in these times, have fallen off. We are new energy is the development of the Councilʼs new not a large organization and any drop in numbers is Ride and Drive Program. This is a great way of accom- truly of concern. Especially since it makes it harder plishing two things, the ﬁrst is to begin to record the for the board and all the committees to work. Remem- time spent with our best friends. This will astonish you, ber, this is an all volunteer organization and we do either in that it is less than you thought (hopefully get- all of our good work with a very meager budget. So ting you out more) or it will be more than you thought I would like to put out a challenge for all members (for which you should pat yourself on the back). But to talk to their friends and urge them to join. If ev- either way the second major accomplishment will be eryone brings in at least one member, we naturally some recognition that you can show others. We have can double our membership, double or triple our the best sport in the world; letʼs resolve to enjoy it to workload and make a much greater impact on our its fullest. industry in the state. Lastly, I want to point out our new format for the Best Side of the Council newsletter. This is another example of the renewed Another action which is ongoing is to look at the energy. Although, I will still collect and provide info literature that the Horse Council uses and also the web- to the newsletter, the new editor is Mary Szarek from site. These are two very important items in allowing our Western Chapter. Not only is she picking up this us to communicate with you and the rest of the equine important item, she is also the designer of the new world. We need to develop these items to really put display boards. We need to give her great, heartfelt our best foot, face or whatever other part of the body Thanks and hope she hangs in with us. is applicable forward. We really think that you will be All for now, go out and ﬁght the black ﬂies, mos- surprised with the result. quitoes, horse ﬂies and deer ﬂies and have a great We have been regulars at the Empire Farm Days spring riding season. and a number of the smaller expositions, farm days or horse get-togethers over the past few years. As George we have done so, we realized that we needed to put Fall Trail Ride Loses a Long Term Rider Our friend, Erica Lee Raab, passed away peacefully February 11, 2009 knowing she had a great ride. Courageously battling numer- ous brain tumors, she was wintering in New Smyrna Beach with her husband, Marvin, friends and also one of her horses. A vibrant horse- woman, Erica was trail riding with friends when she collapsed and required hospitalization. We are sure she is now riding with her friends who have gone on before her. Remember all the good times you had with her and keep those special memories close to your heart. 40th NYSHC Fall Pleasure Ride by: Carolyn Moore, Chair, Spring & Fall Pleasure Rides Picture perfect weather greeted the 102 participants of the 40th Fall Pleasure Ride, Columbus Day Weekend at the Madison County Fairground in Brookﬁeld, New York. The ride was attended by riders from New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Florida and New York State Horse Council Kentucky. We welcomed 18 new attendees and 8 new members of the NYSHC. 44 Egglestoon Lane, Westpoort, NY 12993 www.nyshc.org First Ride Held in 1969 The theme for the celebration of the 40th ride was to look back on the goals and Ofﬁcers traditions of the ﬁrst ride held in 1969. The Empire State Horsemenʼs Association, Inc. President (Ret) Col. George W. King (forerunner of the New York State Horse Council) with the cooperation of the New York 518-962-2316 email@example.com State Department of Environmental Conservation (DEC) sponsored the ﬁrst New York 44 Eggleston Lane, Westport NY 12993 State Pleasure Trail Ride in September of 1969. The purpose of the Trail Ride was to Exec.Vice President Debbie Morano 845-429-2248 firstname.lastname@example.org acquaint horsemen with trail facilities provided by the D.E.C. in New York State, and to Debmorano@aol.com encourage good horsemanship on the trail. The Pleasure Ride also provided a means to 50 Samsondale Ave, West Haverstraw, NY 10993 bring together horsemen representing all segments of the horse world. Not only veteran Treasurer Stephen Ropel trail riders but people from hunt clubs, horse shows, sheriffʼs posses and boarding stables 518-766-7413 email@example.com took part in the ride. Under the guidance of Joseph Vanorio and Robert Nicholson DVM, 221 New Rd, Nassau, NY 12123 it was one of the ﬁrst large scale projects of the Association. In keeping with tradition Secretary Teresa Passaretti 518-235-2974 firstname.lastname@example.org the ride is dedicated to the demonstration of the spirit of friendship, brotherhood and 89 Columbia Gardens, Cohoes, NY 12047 unity that prevails when horsemen join in a common goal. Past President & Friday evening the group celebrated the President Emeritus Diane K. Jones 40th Ride by watching a slideshow of photos 585-872-3178 email@example.com 760 Webster Road, Webster, NY 14580 from previous years and enjoyed a special cake baked by a resident of Brookfield. Region Vice Presidents During the social hour on Saturday, Mark Capitol V.P. Marsha Himler Wehnau and Carrie Brosnan organized a 518-664-8370 firstname.lastname@example.org pumpkin carving contest with four teams 22 Route 423, Stillwater, NY 12170 competing. The benefit auction, reaping Central V.P. Sara T. Chevako $1200 in proceeds, was held Saturday eve- 315-662-3841 email@example.com PO Box 290, New Woodstock, NY 13122 ning with Jim Weidman from New Berlin Finger Lakes V.P. Sue Knauer selling the numerous donations made to the Horse Council. The high priced items of the 585-359-3065 firstname.lastname@example.org evening were the Oak Table made by Jim Miller and Free Registration for the NYSHC 4563 E. Henrietta Rd, Henrietta NY 14467 Spring Ride at Pure Country Campground, donated by Anthony Simonetti. Auction run- Mid-Hudson V.P. Chip Watson ners, Charylie Dines, Gabbie Audino and Joy Gordon modeled, displayed and delivered the 845-220-7857 email@example.com 8 Michaels Lane, Walden, NY 12586 merchandise. Laurie Snyder and Melissa Mason did a terriﬁc job of tracking all the sales and cashing out the buyers. Thank you to all who made and/or solicited donations for the Northern V.P. Karen Lassell 518-846-7121 x 120 firstname.lastname@example.org auction and to all who bid high and often! Miner Institute, PO Box 90, Chazy, NY 12921 To complement the historical aspect of the ride, Caroline Keith, the Brookﬁeld Town Southeast V.P. Cherryl Mitchell Historian was the guest speaker for the Sunday evening program. She enlightened the 718-967-0742 email@example.com group about the pioneers who established the Madison County area and how Franklin 322 Sharrotts Road, Staten Island, NY 10309 D. Roosevelt earmarked Beaver Creek farmland and the Brookﬁeld Railroad land for Southern Tier V.P. Daryel Jensen 315-653-7774 firstname.lastname@example.org the Charles E. Baker Forest State Lands. Mrs. Keith, who recently celebrated her 90th 1469 State Hwy 26, So. Otselic NY 13155 birthday, delighted the audience with her sense of humor and interesting tidbits of in- Western V.P. Robert Pfohl formation about the past. 716-633-6145 JPfohl4301@aol.com 79 Pfohl Rd, Cheektowaga, NY 14225 Congratulations to the Winners! The Sunday evening program also serves as an opportunity to give special awards and certiﬁcates to the trail riders. Congratulations to the winners of this yearʼs awards: The New York State Horse Council is New • Billie Castagnasso, from Ft.McCoy, Florida, who registered for each and every Fall Yorkʼs Equine Umbrella organization devot- Pleasure Ride since the ﬁrst ride in 1969. ed to creating a forum in which horsemen of • Joe Theriault, oldest male rider. diverse interests can use their “horsepower” • Linda Schlichting, oldest female rider and also sent the ﬁrst complete registration to guarantee a future of horses, horse sports, and horse-related businesses in New York received. State. We are especially interested in exist- • Gabbie Audino, youngest rider. ing organizations joining us in a recognized • Midnight, age, 29, ridden by Pat Robinson, oldest horse. capacity. The more we band together the • JuJu, ridden by Ellen Miller, 11 years of attendance to the ride. stronger our voice will become. • Tallest horse was ridden by Al Richner. • Shortest horse, a mustang, was ridden by Judy Joffee. 2 • Gunner, ridden by Paula Dennis, was the youngest and most newly acquired horse present at the ride. • Al Richner, spent the most hours in the saddle for the weekend. • Dottie Payne and Joe Theriault, longest distance (219 miles) hauling a horse to the ride. • Cindy Kohlmaier, pest control for last yearʼs skunk incident. • Jay Freeman, horse catcher of the year. • The Fun Country Pace was won by the team of Mark Gisselbrecht, Vera Toth, and Lesley Toth. The pace had 35 entries and was routed from the fairground to the Murphy road and trail loop. Sunday Evening Jar Wars Nancy Miller put together an interesting variety of themed baskets for Sunday evening Jar Wars and Jim Moore sold all the lucky tickets. Mark Wehnau was the lucky winner of $ 213 in the 50/50 rafﬂe. Jim Miller, our barn manager, was kept busy much of the weekend making minor re- pairs to latches and boards in the aged barns. Our unofﬁcial photographer, Nancy, snapped and printed many photos for riders to enjoy. The Pleasure Ride committee regrets having to say good-bye to Nancy and Jim Miller. They have served on the committee for ﬁve years and have participated in the ride since 1992. Jimʼs woodworking skills are well known to attendees who have vied over the years for his folding tables and stools that he made for the Auction or Jar Wars. Jim and Nancy have scoured garage sales, auctions, and church sales for the majority of items given as awards, door prizes and for Jar Wars. They are to be commended for continuing to assist with the Pleasure Ride even though they have not been active trail riders for the past several years. We are happy to welcome a new member to the committee, Karen Giroux from Glenﬁeld, New York. We also had many people who volunteered to help out at the ride next fall. The spirit of the ride continues! The NYSHC appreciates the efforts of all who contributed to the success of the ride. Chuck Baker spent many hours manning the NYSHC merchandise counter. Jim Knauer did the math to determine the winner and prizes of the Country Pace and judged the Pumpkin Contest. The special edition T-Shirts and enameled pins with logos designed by Dottie Payne to mark the 40th Fall Pleasure Ride were a big hit. John Travis, on-call farrier, was quick to answer an emergency call almost before the ride began. The Leatherstocking Equine Center in New Berlin was on-call for equine emergencies. We would like to thank Don Fehr, Jeff Mayne and other members & friends of the Madison County Fairground Association for all of their hard work and for providing us with excellent meals. Last, but not least, we must applaud Mother Nature for the glorious weather! Fall & Spring Rides The 41th Fall Pleasure Trail Ride is scheduled for Columbus Day Weekend, October 9-12, 2009 at Brookﬁeld, NY. Registration forms will be mailed in late May and avail- able on the NYSHC web site by June 1st. We are also pleased to announce a Spring Ride, June 12-14, 2009 at Pure Country Campground, New Berlin, N.Y. (The location gives easy access to southern section of Brookﬁeld Trail System). Information about the Spring Ride will arrive by e-mail only and registration will be completed online. E-mail email@example.com to be added to the mailing list. We hope you will join us! 3 Round 1 Members Present: Minutes of the AFBF Equine Advisory Committee William Benham, Florida Donald Bogle, New Mexico February 15 - 17, 2009, Gaylord National, 201 Waterfront Street National Harbor, MD 20745 John Dougherty, Massachusetts Jack Haeﬂing, Indiana The following recommendations will be forwarded to the AFBF Board for their consideration: Karen Havens, Iowa Bob Henderson, Oklahoma 1. The Equine Advisory Committee recommends consider the following issues for Policy Develop- David Johnson, Arizona that AFBF become a member of the Unwanted ment this year: James Mahan, Kentucky Daniel McAninch, Pennsylvania Horse Coalition. Hans Mobius, New York 1. The Equine Advisory Committee recommends 2. The Equine Advisory Committee rec o m- Lou Nave, Tennessee – Chair that AFBF oppose the transportation of equines Jim Steele, Maryland mends that AFBF host an equine industry in double-decker trailers. Steve Wickersham, Ohio summit to develop uniform industry standards 2. The Equine Advisory Committee recommends AFBF Staff Secretary: and best management practices, which could Megan Provost that the phrase “horse slaughter” be replaced in be accomplished through a seminar at the AFBF Board Member: the AFBF Policy Book with the phrase “horse 2010AFBF Annual Meeting in Seattle, WA. Alex Dowse, Massachusetts processing.” 3. The Equine Advisory Committee recommends Observers: 3. The Equine Advisory Committee recommends Mike Baise, Indiana that AFBF support the development of equine/ that AFBF supports proper funding for equine Todd Honer, Oklahoma livestock liability and inherent risk policy law Janet Aldrich, Missouri research, speciﬁcally disease research and medi- in every state. Bill Winton, Texas cine/vaccination development (including CEM, Phyllis McAninch, Pennsylvania The committee recommends the AFBF Board EVA, West Nile). Jeff Harper, Kentucky Horse Auction Reflects Economy By Paul Post, The Saratogian SARATOGA SPRINGS - Shawn Collins the saleʼs ofﬁcial record, from Mike McMahon such as pumpkins, mums and bales of hay, sees a silver lining in the economic storm of McMahon of Saratoga Thoroughbreds LLC. and a bright red Ferrari shone in the after- clouds that produced somewhat mixed results There were 130 “buy-backs,” horses that didnʼt noon sun. at Sundayʼs fall horse sale at Saratoga Race meet the sellerʼs reserve auction price. Collins Organizers had hoped that Fridayʼs naming Course. said he believes many such horses changed of an Aqueduct gaming operator would boost Average and median prices were higher, hands after the saleʼs ofﬁcial closing. sales by renewing optimism in New York but fewer horses sold and the sales total of “Thatʼs another part of the story,” he said. racingʼs future. Aqueductʼs racino is expected $1,777,150 was down slightly from a year “Thereʼs a lot of action after the auction. In to raise tens of millions of dollars for purses ago. multiple cases Iʼve been at the winnerʼs circle and breedersʼ rewards. Typical of investments whenever money at Saratoga with ʻbuy-backs.ʼ “ “The New York breedersʼ incentive fund is tight, buyers gravitated toward top quality A bay ﬁlly by 2000 Kentucky Derby winner is one of the most lucrative in the country,” horses and shunned perceived marginal live- Fusaichi Pegasus went for $95,000, the highest Collins said. “It allows the original breeder to stock less apt to produce a return. price of the day, while some went for as little as realize a percentage of earnings for horses that “Thereʼs a stronger high-end and middle $1,000 and others attracted no bids at all. ﬁnish ﬁrst, second or third at a NYRA track market,” said Collins, a veteran bloodstock “What we donʼt see in the ring is what they (Saratoga, Belmont, Aqueduct).” agent, who has a farm in Delmar and ofﬁces have in the heart and mind,” Colalins said. His 9-year-old daughter, Emma, is already in Versailles, Ky. The day started with the sale of stallion something of a racing aficionado with a His ﬁrm, Mare Solutions, is to the horse seasons, in which buyers pay to breed mares genuine love for the sport. Regardless of the world what Realtors are to real estate - dedi- to a standing stallion. The highest amount paid ﬁnancial results, she said that Sundayʼs event cated to connecting buyers and sellers. was $45,000. Celebrity David Cassidy of Par- was valuable simply for the role it played in Hosted by New York Breedersʼ Sales Co., tridge Family fame, a frequent Saratoga Race bringing like-minded people together. founded four years ago, Sundayʼs day-long Course patron, was among those on hand and “People relate to horses,” she said. “Itʼs event was held inside a white tent on the paid $10,000 for breeding rights. good for all of us to ﬁnd things we have in trackʼs backstretch. The main attraction was “As weʼve seen this sale evolve, the wean- common.” a group of about 130 selected weanlings - ﬁl- ling market has been pretty good,” Ballston Many people in racing wish that state lead- lies and colts born last spring. The dream is Thoroughbreds owner Jack Wolferseder said. ers could do the same, because Gov. David to get them across the ﬁeld to the racecourse “Thatʼs what this sale has come to be known Patersonʼs gaming decision has already drawn winnerʼs circle. for. The purpose is to ﬂip these babies next opposition from Senate Republicans, meaning “There were many more important buyers summer across the street at the (Fasig-Tipton) that actual awarding of a contract might face there than when this company started,” Col- Selected Yearling Sale. Or on occasion, people further delays. lins said. “Itʼs come a long ways. Itʼs grown will buy them as racing prospects as well.” “I think people will believe it (VLTs) when in size and importance. Itʼs an important sale The 1,000 or so horse enthusiasts that they see it,” said sales company Vice Presi- in terms of getting horses to the New York turned out were rewarded with ideal autumn dent Joseph McMahon, owner of McMahon race track.” weather and brightly colored foliage on the of Saratoga Thoroughbreds LLC. “Theyʼve He personally bought four mares, one in the picturesque grounds of the historic racetrack. been let down too many times before with sales ring and three others that werenʼt part of Barn areas were decorated with fall displays this thing.” 4 MEMORANDUM: American Horse Council January 23, 2009 CEM Outbreak - Canada Restrictions Due to the current outbreak in the United States of Contagious stallion positive for CEM, or a stallion resident upon a positive Equine Metritis (CEM), Canada has imposed additional restrictions premises or under quarantine or investigation for CEM on horse imports from the U.S. into Canada. Additional certiﬁca- 5. Showed no clinical signs of CEM on the day of inspection. tion for horses (including Canadian horses returning to Canada but The full protocol can be found on the following website: excluding horses for immediate slaughter) will be required on all http://www.aphis.usda.gov/regulations/vs/iregs/animals/down- U.S. export health certiﬁcates issued after January 19, 2009 and loads/ca_eq.pdf for Canadian horses exported to the U.S. after January 19, 2009 Additionally, for Canadian horses returning to Canada on a and returning on a Canadian health certiﬁcate. The new certiﬁca- Canadian health certiﬁcate, a supplemental certiﬁcation docu- tion statements are reﬂected in point 4 and 5 of the protocol. At ment with the above mentioned requirements will be provided by the present moment, the import permit for the U.S. origin horses the CFIA endorsing ofﬁce when advised of intended return. The is not required, except for the horses from Florida where it is still supplemental certiﬁcation will need to be attached to the Canadian required because of the recent Equine Piroplasmosis situation. health certiﬁcate after completion and endorsed by USDA before Points 4 and 5 of the protocol read as follows: return of the horse(s) to Canada. 4. The horse(s) have not been on premises where T. equigenitalis Canada is also aiming to have new import requirements for has been isolated during the 60 days immediately preceding horse germplasm (semen and embryos) implemented in the com- exportation to Canada or a premises currently under quarantine ing weeks. or investigation for CEM. Any female(s) in the shipment have Please call us with any questions, 202-296-4031, AHC@ not been bred naturally to, or inseminated with, semen from a horsecouncil.org. Campaign to Save Farmers’ Lives Enters Third Year Rebate Effort Surpasses 500 Tractors Cooperstown, N.Y. – The New York I couldnʼt work for months and almost lost assistance available.” In fact, the average Center for Agricultural Medicine and Health the family farm, and I was one of the lucky out-of-pocket cost to farmers is just $380 (NYCAMH) announces that it has ﬁtted the ones.” Since that time, Tetreault has retroﬁt- compared in many cases to nearly $1,000 565th tractor with a rollover protection system ted all of his tractors with ROPS. before the ROPS program. (ROPS) through its rebate program, now en- The ads will appear in Country Folks, Farmers should call toll free 1-877- tering its third year. According to the Centers Grassroots, Focus on Farming and other New ROPS-R4U (or 1-877-767-7748) for more for Disease Control and Prevention, 1,412 York newspapers. The ROPS program will information. By calling the “ROPS-R4U” workers on farms died from tractor overturns also be promoted during the annual New York hotline, farmers can both receive informa- between 1992 and 2005. NYCAMHʼs efforts State Farm Show in Syracuse Feb. 26-28. tion on the program and allow hotline staff have saved hundreds of New York farmers “We are grateful to the New York State to do the legwork for them. In addition to from potential injury and death. Legislature for their support of this pro- saving farmers money, the ROPS program “Our campaign has increased by ten- gram, in particular lead proponents State is speciﬁcally designed to reduce the hassle fold the number of farmers making their Senators James L. Seward and Catharine of retroﬁtting a farm tractor with an ap- tractors safe by retrofitting them with M. Young, both members of the Senate proved rollbar and seatbelt. The rebate rollover protection systems,” said Dr. John Agriculture Committee,” Dr. May said. “It amounts to 70 percent of the cost of pur- May, director of NYCAMH. “This is im- is especially important in this economic chasing and installing rollover protection on portant because a farmerʼs risk of dying on climate to continue to make this ﬁnancial a tractor, a savings of up to $765. the job is 800 percent higher than that of the average American worker.” Tractor overturns are the primary cause Advertise in the NYSHC Newsletter of these fatal and permanently crippling Members Only injuries. In the event of a rollover, the use of Per Issue Rate ROPS and a seatbelt reduces the risk of in- Camera Ready Art jury by 99 percent. Tractors built after 1985 Business Card $10 have built-in rollover protection, but most 3-1/2 x 2 tractors in use today are older than that. Quarter Page $30 This month, NYCAMH began its ROPS 3-5/8 x 4-7/8 print advertising campaign featuring New Half Page $45 York farmer Don Tetreault of Hidden View 7-1/2 x 4-7/8 Farm in Champlain, New York. “When my tractor ﬂipped over, I broke all the ribs on one Full Page $80 7-1/2 x 10 side,” Tetreault said in one ad. “I had tractor tracks on my back when they pulled me out. 5 2009 NYSHC ANNUAL MEETING RESERVATION FORM SEPTEMBER 25 – 27, 2009 HOSTED by the CATTARAUGUS/CHAUTAUQUA CHAPTER of the NEW YORK STATE HORSE COUNCIL RESRVATIONS ARE REQUIRED for all of the following Annual Meeting Events. Please mark as appropriate and send to Leising, 12503 Cottage Rd., South Dayton, NY 14138 with the correct amount of payment made out to the Catt/Chaut Chapter of the NYSHC by September 15, 2009. (Entry is by ticket only) 2009 ANNUAL MEETING LUNCH catered by The Mustard Seed of South Dayton, NY Saturday Sept 26 12 pm Hot Meal Buffet Luncheon $25 _____ To help with preferences and quantity preparation please mark preferred choice of meat: Artichoke Stuffed Chicken [ ] Roasted Pork Loin [ ] Cheese Stuffed Ravioli [ ] ****************************************************************************************** Please Let us know if you will be joining us for the Extra Events that we have planned for this great fun ﬁlled weekend which follow. ****************************************************************************************** TRAIL RIDE PINE HILL/SOUTH VALLEY STATE LAND Friday Sept 25 Ride 1 pm SHARP 2-3 hour trail ride Free ________ (number of riders) Bring your own horse or rental horses ($) are available. Please mark how many riders will be attending the ride. ****************************************************************************************** COWBOY COOKOUT Outdoor Cooking by The Crosspatch in Little Valley, NY Join us with Tom Seay and enjoy a delicious outdoor cooked meal with all the ﬁxings Friday Sept 25 6:30 pm Steak or Chicken Dinner & Fixings. Please mark choice: Steak [ ] Chicken [ ] $25 _____ ****************************************************************************************** MERRITT WINERY TOUR & WINE TASTING & BEEF ON WICK SUPPER IN FORESTVILLE, NY Saturday Sept 26 6:30 pm Wine Tour & Tasting is free Supper $10 _____ ****************************************************************************************** TRAIL RIDE COCKAIGNE SKI RESORT CHERRY CREEK, NY Morning Meet & Greet with Tom Seay of Ride America (RFD TV) Coffee and Goodies Sunday Sept 27 Ride 9am SHARP 3 hour ride Free __________(number of riders) Bring your own horse or rental horses ($) available. Please mark how many riders will be attending the ride. ****************************************************************************************** For rental horse information, pricing & payment contact The Crosspatch directly @ 716-938-6313 For information on nearby accommodations for people and horses 716-532-3357 or firstname.lastname@example.org NAME ____________________________________________________________________________________________________ ADDRESS _________________________________________________________________________________________________ PHONE _________________________________ EMAIL ___________________________________________________________ ANY SPECIAL DIETARY REQUESTS __________________________________________________________________________ NYSHC MEMBER [ ] yes [ ] no Ofﬁce Use: Date ________________________ Amount paid _________________ 6 NYSHC ANNUAL of the NYSHC 2009 Hosted by the Cattaraugus/Chautauqua ChapterMEETING To be held in beautiful CHAUTAUQUA COUNTY at the Historic Cherry Creek Inn SEPTEMBER 26, 2009 NYSHC BOD MEETING 10am – 12pm LUNCH (RESERVATIONS REQUIRED) 12pm – 1pm AFTERNOON PROGRAM 1pm – 5pm Afternoon Program Includes: •Speaker -Tom Seay From Best Of America by Horseback (RFD TV) •Program at Pineapple Juction—Pine Hill/South Valley Stateland Showcasing our Adopt-a-Resource Horse Trails Project and our NYSHC Grant Project---the Pineapple Junction Horse Parking/Camping Area in the Pine Hill/South Valley State Land in Cattaraugus County. There will be horse drawn wagon & walking tours. EVENING EVENT 6:30pm – ? •Merritt Winery Tour & Wine Tasting (free) & Beef on Wick Supper (RESERVATIONS REQUIRED) ************************************************************************ Come join us for the weekend—we have a fun ﬁlled weekend of activities planned! Friday September 25 1:00pm Trail Ride at Pine Hill/South Valley State Land (RESERVATIONS REQUIRED—Bring your horse or rentals available) FridaySeptember 25 6:30pm Cowboy Cookout Supper in Little Valley Cooked over open ﬁre, Dine with Tom Seay (RESERVATIONS REQUIRED) Sunday September 27 9:00 am Trail Ride in Cherry Creek @ Cockaigne Ski Resort Meet, greet & share coffee with Tom Seay (RESERVATIONS REQUIRED—Bring your horse or rentals available) FOR INFORMATION CALL: 716-532-3357, 716-353-4461 or email@example.com For rental horse information, pricing & payment contact The Crosspatch directly @ 716-938-6313 New York State Horse Council Web Site: www.nyshc.org 7 Councilman Daniel Garodnick Wants Electric Model T to Replace Carriage Horses February 9, 2009 Councilman Tony Avella. After 82 years, the Model T is set to replace the horse - again. The Queens Democrat claims the buggies amount to animal A city lawmaker wants to phase out controversial buggy-pull- abuse. ing horses and replace them with eco-friendly electric replicas of “I support the car plan, but we still have to institute the ban vintage Model T Fords. and then say to the carriage operators, this is what we want to The proposal - which has been pitched by animal-rights activists replace it with,” said Avella last week. for months - has been taken up by Councilman Daniel Garodnick “I think the intention is to get the carriage drivers to operate (D-Manhattan), who is hoping to put it before the City Council the cars, which would cause the least disruption and take care of this spring. the job issue.” “We have been exploring the idea that would essentially create Carolyn Daly, a spokeswoman for the Horse and Carriage As- a substitute for the horses,” said a source close to Garodnick. sociation of New York, said Garodnick had promised to speak to Michael McGraw, a representative of the animal-rights group the operatorsʼ union, Teamsters Local 553. PETA who has spoken to Garodnick about the proposed bill, said “The proposal is absolutely absurd,” she said. the plan is to develop electric or hybrid cars, which would tour the “These are men and women who have dedicated their lives same park course that horse-drawn buggies use now - and could to horses, who love working with horses, and [Garodnick] thinks even be driven by current carriage operators. they can change to drive electric cars?” “It would be the cutting edge of eco-tourism,” he said. During a Central Park rally yesterday, the carriage operators Emotions are running high about horse-drawn carriages after and their supporters continued to say “neigh” to the proposal a public hearing last month into a bill to ban them, introduced by banning the carriages. Right Time. Right Place. The Wagon Teamser! October 20, 2008 perfect addition for my calendar that I plan I had to go to Tractor Supply Co. in Bata- to make of various nature pictures I have via, NY on Friday 10/17/08 to return a ball taken over the years. mount that didnʼt have a deep enough drop So, photo after photo, I am scurrying to for my camper. When I pulled in, I looked always get that last picture before they can to my left and there was a wagon and four leave. As they begin to exit the parking lot absolutely beautiful large work horses with and make their way left, across Rte. 5, I wonderful halters on. Now, I am absolutely rush to my vehicle and slowly drive ahead curious, but I have to make sure that I donʼt of them. I pull over into the parking lot of a get sidetracked and that I make sure that I small welding business that is about 300 feet keep my focus. I went in and made the return, in front where they are currently traveling. trying to rush to get back outside to investi- I jump out of my vehicle with my camera gate. After what seems to be hours, I ﬁnally and started taking pictures of them coming train were struck by an 18-wheeler on get back outside and I start walking towards at me on the main roadway. It is neat to Tuesday February 10, 2009 while traveling these beautiful creatures that are contently watch these four horses loyally and proudly through Kemper County, Mississippi. Two huddling around an odd looking wagon. pulling their friend and his wagon. of the horses were killed when the truck As I begin to look at one of the horses, I As they begin to pass by me, I wave to apparently hit the wagon from behind. hear some rustling to my left. A middle-aged Bob and tell him thank you. Thank you for Skelding was taken to a hospital in Me- man comes walking around and we make being you, thank you for caring and keep- ridian in critical condition. He had multiple the make our introductions. With making ing these beautiful animals, thank you for internal injuries and quite a few broken conversation, I was able to to collect some being so courageous and unique to travel bones. The truck driver was not hurt. interesting information: the manʼs name is all over the American north east with them, Bob; his horses are of Percheron breed; their and a much bigger thank you for providing Bob Skelding’s latest blog since the accident names are Doc, Dolly, Joyce and Dee Dee; and showing this neat phenomena to the he travels with his horses and wagon; and he world. In response to my thanks, he gave On February 10, 2009, after traveling is currently packing up to head back west. a very kind gentlemanʼs nod and replied, 1800 miles, we were rear-ended by a fully After chatting with Bob, I noticed some “Your welcome.” I snapped a few more loaded tanker truck at highway speed. The spectators starting to show interest, so photos as they continued down the road and ﬁrst wagon was completely destroyed and I ﬁgured I would take one more look at muttered to myself, with the utmost amount Dolly and Deedee were killed. This required the horses and then go on my way. As I of satisfaction, “Right place. Right time.” construction of a new wagon and a new team. am walking back to my vehicle, I ﬁgure Thereʼs new places to see and new people to that I should take some quick pictures of UPDATE: meet! So after knitting some bones, Iʼm off this unique situation. Though I am not a The wagon teamster whose journey to see them. By Mid-May, 2009, Iʼve healed professional photographer by any means, I across the United States took him through up enough where I can start working on the grabbed my camera from my vehicle and the Rochester area is badly injured and second wagon and training a new team. took as many pictures as I could before recovering in a Mississippi hospital. For more info, visit their website: they could leave. I ﬁgured this would be a Bob Skelding and his four-horse wagon www.wagonteamster.com 8 Changing Carbohydrate Evaluations in Animal Diets by: Christy West, TheHorse.com Webmaster Nutritionists are doing away with easily digestible and yield more energy to in the large intestine. Fructans are rarely “nonstructural carbohydrates” in favor of the horse than the ﬁber carbohydrates, but analyzed separately from other WSC. more speciﬁc measures. theyʼre not all digested in the same part of Ethanol-soluble carbohydrates (ESC)- If you own a horse with laminitis or a the horseʼs gastrointestinal tract or by the -These carbohydrates are soluble in 80% metabolic problem such as insulin resis- same process. Thus, they affect a horseʼs ethanol; they are a subset of WSC that is tance or Cushingʼs disease, chances are blood sugar and gastrointestinal health dif- primarily digestible in the small intestine and youʼve heard recommendations to minimize ferently, and this is why itʼs important that includes much fewer fructans. As such, this his intake of nonstructural carbohydrates they be evaluated separately. fraction is generally used to evaluate one set (NSC). However, many nutritionists and Sirois explains: “Letʼs say one hay of carbohydrates in a feed that will induce a feed analysts are now saying that NSC isnʼt sample has 5% simple sugars+starch and high glycemic response. Depending upon the the best measure to evaluate when youʼre 10% fructan, with an NSC value of 15%. lab doing the analysis, WSC and ESC may counting a horseʼs carbs. And you have another with 10% simple both be reported as “sugar.” This has caused One major reason is signiﬁcant variation sugars+starch and 5% fructan that is also a lot of the confusion in the industry, notes in the way different laboratories measure 15% NSC. Theyʼre not the same hay even Sirois. “At Dairy One/Equi-analytical, we no NSC components and calculate its value. though they have the same NSC value. longer report ʻsugar,ʼ “ he adds. “Carbs are Interpreting research and making dietary The one thatʼs 10% simple sugars+starch correctly identiﬁed as either WSC or ESC.” recommendations are impossible when might be more of a problem for the insulin- Starch--Made up of many glucose mol- feeds are not analyzed consistently. resistant horse (because simple sugars and ecules, the starches are mostly broken down “I do not use NSC anymore because it starch, which are primarily digested in the to single glucose molecules. Thus, they also has different meanings to different people,” small intestine, cause a greater glycemic or induce a high glycemic response. Histori- comments Laurie Lawrence, PhD, profes- blood sugar response than fructans). The cally, NSC values have been calculated by sor of equine nutrition at the University of hay thatʼs 10% fructan could be more of a adding starch to either WSC or ESC. Kentucky and chair of the committee that problem for a laminitic horse.” (Fructans recently revised the National Research are primarily digested in the large intes- Interpreting the “New” Numbers Councilʼs publication Nutrient Require- tine; large doses can upset the microbial Lawrence provides guidance on us- ments of Horses. population there, resulting in colic and/or ing WSC, ESC, and starch values to plan The other reason--probably the biggest laminitis. Some fructans are in fact used equine diets: “If the values for starch and one for horse owners--is the fact that NSC at high doses to induce laminitis in some ESC are low, there will be little glucose doesnʼt give you a complete picture of the research situations.) available to be absorbed from the small types of carbohydrates in a feed or forage “If youʼre evaluating a horseʼs ration intestine.” This would mean a low glycemic that can affect your horseʼs condition (more based only on NSC, youʼre not getting the response, which is good for insulin-resistant on this shortly). whole picture,” he summarizes. horses or others that canʼt handle large “We need to do a better job of under- swings in blood sugar levels. standing carbohydrate components and So What Do We Use? “If the WSC and starch values are low, balancing rations based on them, because Instead of looking at NSC, nutritionists there should be only a small amount of ma- all carbs are not created equal,” states Paul are recommending that we evaluate wa- terial reaching the large intestine that will Sirois, manager of Dairy One/Equi-analyti- ter-soluble carbohydrates, ethanol-soluble be rapidly fermented,” she adds. “Thus low cal Forage Analysis Laboratories in Ithaca, carbohydrates, and starch. None of these starch + low WSC should mean less op- N.Y., and one of the leaders of the move- measures are new, and each describes car- portunity for large intestinal disturbances.” ment away from NSC. “NSC was a good bohydrates that affect the horse differently This feed would be good for a laminitic place to start, but we can do better now.” based on how theyʼre digested. horse, particularly one whose disease was Following extensive collaboration between Water-soluble carbohydrates (WSC)— initiated by diet-related colic. feed analysts, nutritionists for multiple species, These include carbohydrates that are ex- But what numbers are “low” for these nutrition researchers, and feed industry regu- tracted from a sample by dissolving them carb values and what numbers are “high?” lators, the NSC value will be progressively in water. Simple sugars and fructans make “Lots of people have opinions on that, dropped from many laboratory analyses, re- up this measure, which is simply termed but there is a lack of good data to support search methodologies, and feeding guidelines “sugar” on some analyses. Interpreting and a speciﬁc number,” says Lawrence. Hope- across multiple animal species. In fact, Dairy using this value depends on the proportions fully, standardizing the way researchers and One/Equi-analytical has already dropped NSC of sugars and fructans in the sample; simple nutritionists evaluate carbs will provide us from its reports, effective April 1. sugars are digested and absorbed in the with research we all know how to interpret, small intestine and have a signiﬁcant impact so we can get these numbers in the future. What NSC Doesn’t Tell You on blood sugar (glycemic response), while An equine nutritionist can help you sort The group of carbohydrates lumped fructans are fermented in the large intestine through the carbohydrate types to plan a under the NSC label includes nearly all the and induce a much smaller response. How- diet with carbohydrate levels that are most non-ﬁber carbohydrates--those that come ever, when eaten in large amounts, some suitable for your horse. from plant cell contents rather than tough, fructans have been shown to cause laminitis “Carbohydrate analysis is complicated be- ﬁbrous cell walls. They are generally more due to disruption of the bacterial population see Carbohydrate page 10 9 Carbohydrate continued from page 9 carbohydrate evaluation affect labeling and ﬁber, and fermentation acids; calculation cause there are so many different compounds marketing of those feeds? may vary, but generally equals 100% minus produced by plants,” she comments. “Most of “On a national level, you wonʼt see a (CP+NDF+Fat+Ash). A rough estimate of us think of starch and cellulose as the main deﬁnition of what low-carb or low-sugar carbohydrate value (high NFC generally feed is,” he commented. “Low compared indicates more digestible carbohydrates carbohydrates in plants, which they are in to what? In Oregon, we picked a number than indigestible ﬁber types). many feed ingredients. But as we use new and different ingredients and we look closely at the for our guidelines, but you probably wonʼt • NSC (non-structural carbohydrates) In- plant in different growth stages, it becomes see anything like that nationally (at least not tended to describe easily digestible carbohy- clear that there are many, many other carbo- without more research). We will probably drate components of a feed more speciﬁcally let our guideline stand until the AAFCO than those in NFC; usually calculated as hydrates that we need to be aware of.” revision comes out.” WSC+starch or ESC+starch. Questionable The recently released revision of the Nutri- because of varying analysis methods and ent Requirements of Horses discusses metabo- But he notes that feed companies can results. lism and analysis of the various carbohydrate already include on labels values for NSC, WSC, ESC, or anything else they can mea- • WSC (water-soluble carbohydrates) Car- types and measures, including NSC, but sure and guarantee. bohydrates solubilized and extracted with does not recommend using NSC to evaluate water, including simple sugars and fructans whether a feed is suitable for a horseʼs diet. (see below); sometimes called “sugar” on “The publication recognizes that diets low Take-Home Message analysis reports. Interpretation of WSC is in starch and sugars are helpful in managing Itʼs been proposed that carbohydrates be dependent upon the relative proportions of horses with certain disorders, such as polysac- classiﬁed based on their digestion method simple sugars and fructan as they are metab- charide storage myopathy, and that high levels and nutritional effects on animals rather than olized at different sites in the gastrointestinal of dietary starch may affect gastrointesinal by analytical method (i.e., ethanol or water tract. High WSC might indicate high fructan function, but it does not include carbohydrate extraction), as they are now. Unfortunately, levels in grasses or high simple sugars in recommendations for most categories of analytical methods are not yet available nongrass forages and grains. horses,” notes Lawrence. Consistent analysis to give us this information, so we must • Fructans Carbohydrate compound made methods should help researchers develop continue to classify carbohydrate groups up of many fructose molecules (complex these recommendations in the future. based on the methods we can currently use sugar); fermented and digested primarily in to analyze them. We just need to pick the the large intestine. Occasionally analyzed Regulatory Implications Minimal right carb measures so we can choose feeds separately from WSC. Present in primarily You wonʼt see any updated regulations based on their effects on the horse. grass forages; one type is used at high doses or laws on animal feed carbohydrates for “Moving away from NSC is a step in the in many laboratories to induce laminitis. some time, but the industry is working on it. right direction,” Sirois comments.” A lot of • ESC (ethanol-soluble carbohydrates) Car- Richard Ten Eyck is the Oregon Department people sample multiple hays just for that, bohydrates that dissolve in 80% ethanol of Agriculture Feed Specialist and chair of to see which one has the lowest value, then solution; these carbohydrates are a subset of the Carbohydrate Working Group of the Feed do a full nutrient analysis on their selec- WSC that are primarily digested in the small Labeling Committee for the Association of tion. (NSC) was a good place to start, but intestine and give a true glycemic (blood we need to move away from that mindset sugar) response. However, some fructans Animal Feed Control Ofﬁcials (AAFCO). and replace it with the evaluation of more can be included in this fraction. High ESC He says that while his group intends to generally means a feed will generate a high present carbohydrate fraction terminology speciﬁc carbohydrate types.” glycemic response (unless there is a high and labeling guidelines for discussion at the level of fructans in this fraction). Might be organizationʼs August meeting, he doesnʼt Carbohydrate Analysis Overview helpful for hard-working horses that need expect them to appear in the AAFCO Ofﬁcial If it seems like you need a graduate lots of energy, not so good for horses that Publication until at least 2009. degree to make sense of the many types are sensitive to large blood sugar changes of carbohydrates, donʼt worry—weʼve put (i.e., insulin-resistant horses). However, low “After that, it would take a period of time together a guide to the carbohydrate types ESC does not necessarily mean the feed for the industry and states to adopt them youʼre most likely to see on a feed/forage (if they even choose to; AAFCO develops will have a low glycemic response, because analysis report. Weʼll give you the carbo- starch could keep it high. advisory guidelines but has no regulatory hydrate name, description, and nutritional authority),” he notes. “Itʼs years away from signiﬁcance for horses: • Starch A polysaccharide composed of anything possibly becoming law.” Remov- many linked glucose molecules found • NDF (neutral detergent ﬁber) Total plant ing NSC from AAFCO publications isnʼt an mainly in grains; mostly digested in the cell wall carbohydrates, including ADF (see small intestine, where they are broken issue; he says that carbohydrate estimation below) and hemicellulose; often considered never was included in the guidelines. down and absorbed as glucose (simple an indicator of forage quality and intake sugar). Some starches are resistant to small There are already feeds/forage products potential (lower NDF=less hard-to-digest intestine digestion and are fermented in the being marketed as “low-carb” or “low- ﬁber=higher “quality,” higher intake). large intestine; a typical analysis does not NSC.” Some of them are in Ten Eyckʼs • ADF (acid detergent ﬁber) Less digest- differentiate between the two types. Low state of Oregon, which is one of very few ible carbohydrates in plant cell walls, starch content generally means little glucose states with any carbohydrate guidelines for including cellulose and lignin ; higher will be absorbed in the small intestine (low feed labels (these are based on NSC content ADF=lower digestibility. glycemic response). This is good for horses and can be seen at www.oregon.gov/ODA/ that canʼt handle large blood sugar changes •NFC (non-ﬁber carbohydrates) A calcu- AHID/commercial_feed/low_nsc605.pdf). (i.e., insulin-resistant horses). High starch lated estimate of carbohydrates composed One might wonder: How will this shift in generally means a high glycemic response. of starch, simple sugars, fructan, soluble 10 MEMBERSHIP BENEFITS USEF Perks for Horse Council Members Through its membership in the United States Equestrian Federation the NYSHC makes the following perks available to itʼs mem- bers. Call USEF MerberPerks toll free: 877-576-6872. 11 Study provides evidence of long-term memory in horses February 21, 2009 A study of three horses has added weight to the belief of many lections based on shared characteristics within a given category. owners that their equine companions have long memories. The horse tested for long-term memory after the decade-long The study, led by Equine Research Foundation co-director interval immediately and consistently applied the previously Evelyn Hanggi, has just been published in the January edition of learned categorisation rule to not only familiar but also novel the journal Animal Cognition. sets of stimuli. Dr Hanggi and fellow researcher Jerry Ingersoll took three The third experiment tested another horse for long-term horses that had performed cognitive tasks in research dating back memory for a relative size concept - something it had been trained several years. The tasks had involved discrimination learning, to do for research years earlier. categorisation, and concept use. “More than seven years later and without further training, this The horses were tested to evaluate their long-term memory in horse reliably applied the previously established size concept to three experiments. both familiar and novel sets of stimuli,” the researchers said. In addition, the reseachers used LCD displays for the ﬁrst time “These ﬁndings are the ﬁrst reports of long-term categorical and with the horses in presenting some of the images at the centre of conceptual memory in horses and are consistent with observations the experiments. of domestic and wild horses, which indicate that behavioural and The ﬁrst experiment tested long-term memory for discrimi- ecological events may be remembered for long periods of time. nation learning that had originally occurred with the horses six “These studies also demonstrate the adaptive nature of horses years earlier. with regard to their ability to generalise over several different Five sets of stimuli were used and the two horses tested showed testing conditions.” no decrease in selection performance on four of the sets. However, Long-term memory for categories and concepts in horses (Equus both horses did score below chance on one set. caballus). Authors Hanggi EB, Ingersoll JF; Equine Research Experiment two examined long-term categorisation recall 10 Foundation, P.O. Box 1900, Aptos, CA, 95001, USA, EquiResF@aol. years after horses had demonstrated the ability to make stimulus se- com. Source: Animal Cognition 2009 Jan 16. Maintain Trailer Breakaway Systems for Safe Hauling Emergency breakaway systems lock tery terminals clean. A small wire brush To help maintain a batteryʼs charge, trailer brakes automatically if the trailer be- and dielectric grease will help maintain the USRider highly recommends a built-in comes disconnected from the tow vehicle. electrical connection. The battery should be battery charger. These systems can be in- Maintaining this equipment is an aspect removed from the trailer when the trailer is stalled on your tow vehicle to charge your of trailer maintenance you donʼt want to stored or not used for extended periods. If battery every time you tow. For rigs that are overlook, although hopefully youʼll never possible, store the battery in a warm area used infrequently, they recommend using need to use it. away from children. a charging system that provides a “ﬂoat” “Be a good steward--donʼt take chances Be sure that the proper battery is being charge for extended times when your trailer with the safety and welfare is not in use. of your precious cargo,” said “For frequent travelers, Mark Cole, managing member we especially like break- for USRider, a nationwide away battery systems with roadside assistance program built-in chargers and bat- for equestrians, which provides tery status LEDs,” said Cole. emergency road service to its In addition to maintain- members in the continental ing your breakaway battery, United States, Canada, and be sure to keep your trailerʼs Alaska. brake and electrical system in To ensure your breakaway good condition as well. system is in good working order, USRider used for your breakaway system. Consult For additional trailer safety informa- offers the following safety tips: your ownerʼs manual, or check with the tion, visit the Equine Travel Safety Area Have a qualiﬁed mechanic test the sys- trailer manufacturer. at usrider.org. tem for proper operation annually. If your battery has removable cell caps, Have your battery load tested to check maintain acid levels by adding distilled USRider provides roadside assistance and the current in the battery. A qualiﬁed trailer water. Take care when adding water. Be towing services along with other travel- mechanic or personnel at most auto parts sure to wear protective eyewear and do related beneﬁts to its members through the Equestrian Motor Plan. It includes standard stores can do this test. Replace old and not overﬁll. features such as flat-tire repair, battery weak batteries. Maintain charge--do not allow a battery assistance, and lockout services, plus towing Regularly inspect the cable and switch to remain discharged for extended periods. up to 100 miles and roadside repairs for tow for the breakaway system. Replace the 12 volt batteries are considered totally vehicles and trailers with horses, emergency cable if it is showing signs of wear. discharged below 11.9 volts. Use a digital stabling, veterinary referrals, and more. Keep the top of the battery and the bat- voltmeter to check. 12 Staying Legal on the Road by: Nancy S. Loving, DVM is not infected with a contagious disease-- towed vehicles carrying livestock must pull most notably respiratory or skin ailments. over. McCart advises, “Requirements for Youʼve checked the horse, trailer, truck, Most states require the CVI must be issued private horse owners to stop at state point- and equipment, but are you even legal to within 30 days of transport, but others only of-entry checkpoints vary from state to be on the road? honor a CVI that has been done in the last state. Therefore, drivers would be advised Thereʼs not a cloud in the sky as the sun 10 days. Your veterinarian will have up-to- to read the signs and, when in doubt, stop brightens the horizon, and it appears to be a date information regarding timetables for and inquire.” ﬁne day for a drive. Your truck and trailer both a Coggins test and health certiﬁcate stand gleaming in the driveway, hitched for the state(s) you wish to enter. Vehicle and Trailer Compliance and waiting. At your command, your horse Vehicle and trailer compliance laws are clomps into the trailer and busies himself Interstate Equine Passport mostly decided at the state level. Toby com- in the hay while you close the doors and Some states (Alabama, Arkansas, Geor- ments, “If there is a conﬂict between state secure the latches. Youʼre loaded and ready gia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North and federal law, the federal law controls, to hit the road. This scenario occurs count- Carolina, Tennessee, Oklahoma, South unless the state law is more restrictive, in less times throughout the riding season as Carolina, Virginia, and West Virginia) are which case the state law will control.” you venture near and far to places to ride currently honoring an interstate equine He comments on federal laws that might or compete. You have attended to all the passport that serves as shipping papers for a supersede state regulations: “If you are a recommended maintenance and servicing of horse for six months following a veterinary ʻcommercialʼ interstate horse hauler, there both truck and trailer to ensure safety and health examination or until the expiration are many federal requirements for record- reliability, but what about the legal aspects date of a Coggins test. Other states (Arizona, keeping and safety equipment, among other of hauling a horse? What must you do to Montana, and Oregon) additionally require things. It is noteworthy that a person may comply with regulations and laws? permits prior to entry; their state regulatory be classified as a ʻcommercialʼ shipper, ofﬁces must be contacted to issue approvals even if not hauling horses for money. As an Negative Coggins and permit numbers to include on CVIs. example, hauling horses in connection with When traveling between states, there a commercial training stable might classify are speciﬁc legal documents that should Canada one as a ʻcommercialʼ shipper.” accompany your horse. The ﬁrst of these is If you plan to haul into Canada, your He adds, “For interstate travel, federal a negative Coggins test, which is a blood horse must be accompanied by a special- regulations require a commercial driverʼs test for the presence of equine infectious ized international health certiﬁcate ﬁlled license (CDL) if the gross vehicle weight anemia (EIA). This virus is similar to the out by your veterinarian and endorsed (GVW) is more than 26,000 pounds.” human HIV virus and is transmitted mostly by the USDAʼs Animal Plant and Health Toby suggests that it is best to check by large biting ﬂies, like horse or deerﬂies. Inspection Service (APHIS). with the U.S. Department of Transportation A horse testing positive for EIA might be Milton Toby, JD, an attorney, chair of in regard to interstate CDL/ commercial actively infected or a carrier; in either case, the Equine Division at Midway College hauler requirements. the horse must be quarantined for life away in Kentucky, and author of The Complete McCart similarly recognizes that every from other horses or euthanized. In attempts Equine Legal and Business Handbook, state has its own legal requirements when to eradicate this disease in the horse popu- adds, “Each individual Canadian province it comes to trailer brakes, safety chains, lation, regulations are enforced for horses has its own transportation department, ﬁre extinguishers, towing speed, size di- crossing state lines. similar to our state agencies, each with their mensions of truck and trailer, license plate Rachel Kosmal McCart, JD, senior own set of regulations.” placement and visibility, etc. counsel at Equine Legal Solutions in Bea- Both Toby and McCart strongly urge vercreek, Ore., says, “Each state regulates Brand Inspection haulers to monitor each stateʼs current the transport of livestock within that state, Domestically, in some Western states, information for up-to-date regulations, and including entry requirements, therefore the another document must accompany a horse to check with speciﬁc state departments of requirements vary from state to state.” that travels more than 75 miles from home: transportation through which one might be Some states require a negative Coggins a brand inspection. A brand inspection is hauling a horse. test that was performed within the prior 12 intended to certify proof of ownership, re- On occasion, a horse owner might months, while others require the test to have gardless of whether a horse has a physical wish to ride in the trailer when hauling a been done within the preceding six-month brand or tattoo or not. A brand inspector sick horse to an emergency clinic or when period. Many boarding and show barns reviews a bill of sale and registration papers transporting a foal. Some states allow a often require a negative Coggins test for when available, compares this information person to travel in the trailer, while others the horse to enter the premises. to the horse and its markings, and then either do not; check your state regulations before writes up a temporary brand inspection, or, if climbing into the trailer. Certiﬁcate of Veterinary Inspection you desire, he prepares a laminated card that Another required document for interstate is good for as long as you own that horse. Unloading on the Road travel is a certiﬁcate of veterinary inspection There are also times when it is necessary (CVI). This health certiﬁcate, ﬁlled out fol- Point-of-Entry Checkpoints to unload a horse from the trailer while on lowing a veterinary exam, is meant to ensure As your rig crosses the state line, weigh the side of the road. McCart clariﬁes some that a horse has a clean bill of health and stations often have a sign requesting that all see Staying Legal page 14 13 Staying Legal continued from page 13 you to obtain medical care for the horse in potential legal quagmires. She recommends questions that come up about this issue, not- an emergency. This allows you to call a vet a thorough check of all equipment before ing, “Laws regarding livestock on highways for my horse, and obligates me to pay the hitting the road. “Because trailers are usu- vary state by state. However, in general, if bill. A limited POA also gives you the au- ally stored outside, spare tires mounted on a horse you are unloading gets loose on the thority to make medical decisions about the the outside of the trailer and/or regular tires highway and someone is injured or killed horse without having to contact me. This of parked trailers may be ruined by sun and or their vehicle or property is damaged as a can be important in an emergency.” weather. Use tire covers, especially if a result, you will probably be liable. For the In addition, Toby notes there are situa- trailer is infrequently used,” she says. “Re- safety of other motorists as well as your tions where a horseʼs injuries are sufﬁcient member to rotate the tires on your trailer horses, only unload on the side of a high- to necessitate euthanasia. He says, “If the just like you rotate the tires on your truck. way if there is an extreme emergency.” horse is insured, the insurance carrier must Check your lug nuts after the rotation to She continues, “Because AAA will be notiﬁed and authorization given prior to ensure that they remain tight.” typically require horses to be unloaded carrying out an ownerʼs or agentʼs decision In addition, she notes, “Not all tire irons before they will change a trailer tire, haul- for euthanasia.” ﬁt all lug nuts, so make sure that the tire ers should be prepared to change their own Insurance policies and contact informa- iron in your rig ﬁts your trailer lug nuts. trailer tires. With a drive-on ramp product tion should be included with the horseʼs Donʼt count on the one for your truck to such as a Jiffy Jack, changing a trailer tire other travel papers. work on your trailer!” on a loaded horse trailer is akin to changing McCart discusses a variation on how McCart advises owners to frequently a tire on a truck.” to obtain medical care for a horse being check the hitch, trailer doors, and all con- transported by someone other than the nections after parking your rig during a trip, Accidents owner: “When a hauler (commercial or stating, “You never know when some unscru- In the event of an accident, McCart private) needs to seek veterinary care for a pulous person might tinker with something or stresses, “Your auto insurance will gener- horse, a horse may be treated as quickly as when something might come loose.” ally not cover damage to your trailer or the possible if the hauler is given a document She urges everyone to carry ﬂares and a contents of your trailer. So, if you get into an from the horse owner that authorizes the powerful ﬂashlight (with charged batteries), accident and your trailer, horses, and show hauler to seek treatment for the horse and since emergencies donʼt always happen in saddle are a total loss, you will probably promise to pay the veterinarian for such the daytime. “And,” she says, “keep a spare not receive any compensation from your care. For even faster service, a horse owner halter and lead with a stud chain in your auto insurance company. For that reason, a may want to provide credit card and bill- trailer as an added precaution for control horse owner may wish to consider separate ing information in the authorization form. of your horse.” coverage, such as horse trailer insurance, Unlike a traditional power of attorney, a equine mortality insurance, and a rider on veterinary care authorization form need not Take-Home Message homeownerʼs insurance to cover big-ticket be notarized to be effective, only requiring Transporting your horse is not just about items, such as expensive horses, the trailer, a signature by the horse owner.” trailer safety, clean air, and a comfortable or saddles. Fortunately, your auto collision environment for your horse to withstand policy usually covers damage to your vehicle Safety & Potential Legal Hassles the stress of hauling. It is also important to and to a vehicle with which you collide, as McCart offers other suggestions for comply with federal and state laws about well as damage to contents. To clarify what safe hauling, gleaned from personal ex- speciﬁc documents for your horse and state is and is not covered by your auto insurance perience, for avoiding accidents and their regulations on your vehicle and trailer. policy, contact your insurance agent.” Authorizing Veterinary Care Sometimes a horse is hauled by some- one other than the owner and the driver must act as a decision-making agent in lieu of an owner. One such occasion involves acquisition of veterinary care for an injury or illness. One means to do this is by a power of attorney (POA), which can be ei- ther “general” or “limited.” A general POA allows the person with the power of attor- ney to do anything the grantor could do, while a limited POA authorizes an agent to make legally binding decisions on behalf of an absentee owner for a limited duration of time or for a speciﬁc circumstance. Toby explains the speciﬁcs on how a limited POA works: “For example, if you are shipping my horse across the country, I can give you a limited POA authorizing 14 ��� ���� ����� ����� �������� ���� ���� ���������� ���� Memberships are for the calendar year January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2009 ������������� Please check one: Renewal New Membership _____________________________________________________________________________________ Indicate all disciplines Membership Information (������ ����� �������): _______________________________________________ you participate in: _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___ Driving Primary Member: ______________________________________________________________________ ___ Dressage _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___ Hunter Club/Business/Farm Name: ______________________________________________________________ ___ Jumper _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___ Eventing Street Address: ________________________________________________________________________ ___ Halter Classes ____________________________________________________________________________________ ___ Pleasure-English City: __________________________________ State: _______ Zip Code: ______________________ ___ Pleasure-Western _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___ Trails County:________________________________ Phone: ( ) _______ - _____________________ ___ Barrels _____________________________________________________________________________________ ___ Team Penning E-Mail: ______________________________________________________________________________ ___ Gymkhana _____________________________________________________________________________________ ������ Website: _____________________________________________________________________________ __________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ __________________ Volunteer Availability and Interests: _______________________________________________________ __________________ Please check age of Primary Member for Vintage Equestrian Program records: Under 18 19-29 30-49 50-62 63+ �������� ���� ��� ����� ������� ��� ���� �� ����� A portion of your dues is transferred to that chapter for activities ___ General Membership (�� ������� �����������) ___ Orange County ___ Ulster County ___ Cattaraugus/Chautauqua Counties ___ Palisades (Rockland County) ___ Westchester County ___ New York City ___ Putnam County ___ Western (Erie/Niagara County) ����������� ����������������� ������ ���� �������������� ������ ����������� ___ Individual1 � $ 55 ___ 1- 50 members: $ 50 ___ 0- 50 employees: $ 50 ___ Recognized equine ___ Family2 � $ 75 ___ 51-100 members: $ 75 ___ 51-250 employees: $100 programs: $ 50 ___ Life Membership3 $500 ___ 101-250 members: $150 ___ Over 251employees: $ 20 ___ Life: ���������� ���������4 $ 20 ___ 251-500 members: $175 ___ Life: ������ ���������4 $ 40 ___ Over 500 members: $200 Individual or Family membership includes $1,000,000 individual 24/7 liability coverage for equine related accidents, one newsletter and one vote at meetings: 1 Individual - Includes one adult + all children� in the household under age 18. 2 Family - Includes two adults + all children� in the household under age 18. 3 Life Membership - Includes individual insurance coverage for one (1) year only. 4 Life Members’ insurance coverage only - Individual or Family coverage. �List name/age of children: _________________/___ _________________/___ ________________/___ ________________/___ ������ ��� ���������� ����� �� ���� ���� ���� �������� Clubs, Businesses, or Educational Institutions will receive one newsletter and one vote at meetings regardless of size. These memberships DO NOT receive insurance coverage. Check this box if you wish to receive a newsletter via email only and DO NOT want to receive a paper copy. ���� ����� ������� ��� ��� ���� ����� ����� ������� Your cancelled check will be your receipt. Please photocopy this application and keep for your records Check this box if a receipt is requested �������� ����� ���� ��� NYSHC Membership Stephen Ropel ������� ����� 221 New Road 518-366-8998 Nassau, NY 12123 firstname.lastname@example.org ����� �� � ��� ���� ���������� ������������ ���������� ���� ��� ��� �������� ������� ��������� ������ 15 New York State Horse Council Membership Benefits Earn awards with our NEW Ride-Drive Program! • Insurance: $1M personal liability insurance for each GENERAL member. • You become part of a strong membership, joining together for the welfare of our horses. • NYSHC works to represent our industry in Albany and Washington, D.C.in partnership with: The American Horse Council The American Animal Welfare Council The New York State Farm Bureau The Equine Industry Leaders Forum The Empire State Council of Agricultural Organizations The Council of Agricultural Organizations New York State Agriculture and Markets New York State Department of Conservation New York State Ofﬁce of Parks and Historical Recreation • Access to NYSHCʼs frequently updated information packed website at www.nyshc.org • Link to your website on our website at www.nyshc.org Simply accumulating hours riding/ • Quarterly information packed NYSHC Newsletters driving your horse to achieve each award • Discounted advertising fees in our quarterly newsletter level. Any forward-going movement • Opportunity to volunteer for a committee and become actively involved in the NYSHC. gets you closer to an award. No, hours spent grooming does not count toward • NYSHC committees include: Safety, Trails, Humane, Racing, Legislative, Legal your total! Affairs, Senior Riding Program, Therapeutic Riding There is no limit on how long it takes • Discounted fees at NYSHC annual trail rides and Competitive Trail Riding Clinic you to achieve each award so sign up held at Otter Creek every June. Check the events page on our website www.nyshc. today and get moving. Information and org for further details. an ofﬁcial NYSHC log sheet are on the NYSHC Web site; www.NYSHC.org NON-PROFIT ORG NYSHC Newsletter U.S. POSTAGE 44 Egglestoon Lane PAID Westpoort, NY 12993 PERMIT #973 ROCHESTER, N.Y.
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