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If Clause

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					IF CLAUSE

Function : used to express that the action in the main clause (without if) can only take place if a certain
condition (in the clause with if) is fulfilled. There are three types of Conditional Sentences


The “zero” conditional

Function          : used to refer to general truths, now or always and the situation is real and possible.

Form              : If + simple present (if clause) + simple present (main clause)

Example           : 1. If you heat ice, it melts

                   2. If you stick your fingers in the fire, they get burned.

The type 1 conditional

Function          : used to a possible condition and its probable result.

Form              : If + simple present (if clause) + simple future.

Example           : 1. If he calls me, I will answer

                   2. If you stick your fingers into the fire, you will burn yourself

The type 2 conditional

Function          : used to refer an unlikely or hypothetical condition and its probable result.

Form              : If + simple past (if clause) + present conditional (main clause)

Example           : 1. If I were rich, I would an island

                   2. If SBY became the president again, I would move from this country

The type 3 conditional

Function          : used to refer to an unreal past condition and its probable past result.

Form              : If + past perfect (if clause) + perfect conditional (main clause).

Example           : 1. If I hadn’t killed a man, I wouldn’t have gone to.

                   2. If you had studied harder, you will pass the exam

Mix conditional

Function          : used to refer to an unreal past condition and its probable result in the present.

Form              : If + past perfect (if clause) + present prefect (main clause).

Example           : 1. If I hadn’t walked in the rain, I wouldn’t be sick

                   2. If I had studied harder at school, I would have a better job now

				
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