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The Republic of Bulgaria

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					                The Republic of Bulgaria
       Ministry of Labour and Social Policy
                                           ISSUE 2-2002
Chapter 2 “Freedo m of Movement of Persons” was opened at the session of the Intergovernmental
Conference on the accession of Bulgaria to the EU on 25 October 2001. Activities und er Chapter 2 are
coordinated by the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy (M LSP) through the “Freedom of Movement
for Persons” working group. Bulgaria accepts and will imp lement in full the acquis and will request no
derogations and transitional periods.

             INTERGOVERNMENTAL CONFER ENCE ON THE ACCESS ION OF
               THE REPUB LIC OF B ULGARIA TO THE EUROPEAN UNION

                      ADDITIONAL INFORMATION
 TO THE NEGOTIATING POS ITION ON CHAPTER 2“ FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT FOR
                               PERSONS”

The Republic of Bulgaria declares, that it accepts the acquis communautaire on Chapter 2 “Freedom of
movement for persons” in force by 31 December 2000 and it will be ready to implement it as of the
date of accession.

Further to its Negotiating Position on Chapter 2 “Freedom of Movement for Persons” document
(CONF-BG 37/01), the Bulgarian Govern ment wishes to provide additional information* covering the
issues raised by the European Union in its Common Position on Chapter 2 (CONF-BG 59/ 01), as
follows:

1. MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF QUALIFICATIONS

1.1 General system Directives
The Republic of Bu lgaria confirms its statement that it is undertaking all necessary measures for
harmonizat ion of its national leg islation with acquis communautaire on mutual recognition of
qualifications (Annex 1) and fu rther to the recommendation of the EU has presented texts of its basic
and secondary legislation in English in the sphere of free movement of persons.

As a res ponse of Bulgaria to the request of the EU to present details in respect with the legislation
adopted and entere d i nto force in the fiel d, the following information could be provided:

The legal measures in the sector of mutual recognition of diplomas and professional qualifications
undertaken as an implementation of the requirements provisioned in the general syst em Direct ives of
the Council developed in two main directions. On the one hand considerable part of the legal
framework regulating the recognition procedures was renewed. Amendments and supplements to some
basic normat ive acts were adopted targeted towards achieving harmonization of the national legislation
with the EC law. On the other hand, the process of harmonization continued with the elaboration of
secondary legislative acts that supplemented and assured the implementation of the main legal basis.

Amend ments to date have mainly focused on providing a regulatory framework for the recognition of
academic qualifications but have also prepared the way for the legislat ive amend ments and institutional
and organizational changes that will be required to comply fully with the general system directives and
to develop a system of pro fessional recognition in line with the acquis.

The Bulgarian government states its commit ment to make clear distinction between academic and
professional recognition. To the effect of achiev ing this objective the necessary measures will be
undertaken. Amendments and supplements to the Higher Education Act aimed at transposition of the
Directive 89/48/EEC and to the Vocational Education and Training Act aimed at transposition of th e
Directive 92/ 51/EEC of the Council will be adopted in order to ensure full coherence between the
legislation of Bu lgaria and the general system directives of the Co mmun ity. The changes provisioned
will define the distinction between the “academic” and “p rofessional” recognition and shall be
elaborated until 2003.

The amend ments will define the co mpetent authorities authorized to receive applications and to make
decisions on recognition and on awarding the right to practice the respective regulated professions as
well as the coordinating institutions (contact points) under the two directives. The National Informat ion
Center at the Ministry of Education and Science will function as a coordinating unit under the first
directive 89/ 48/ EEC. The coordinating institution under the second general system direct ive will be
appointed with the amendments in the Vocational Education and Training Act. In this respect the
current practice and administrative capacity of the National Agency for Vocational Education and
Train ing will be taken into consideration. It is envisaged to widen further its’ competences and
strengthen its administrative capacity.

The future work will be directed towards further normat ive regulation of recognition procedures that
will respond to the requirement of the acquis for clear distinction between academic and professional
recognition. The respective competent authorities empowered to receive applications and to take
decisions on awarding the right to practice the respective regulated profe ssions will develop the
activities related to improving the mechanisms for professional recognition.

The Ministry of Education and Science will in itiate the work in respect of preparing a list of regulated
professions upon completing the elaboration of the changes in the two basic legal acts. This activity
will be accomp lished in collaboration with all national institutions concerned. The Draft of the
normative act that will introduce the list of the regulated profession in the Republic of Bulgaria will b e
further agreed upon among the respective administrative bodies.

A task force set up by an Order of the Minister of Education and Science of 6 March 2002 elaborated
an action plan with respect to achieving full harmonization with the acquis communautaire in the field
of recognition of dip lo mas and professional qualifications.

Action Pl an for Improvement of the Admi nistrati ve Capacity in the Fiel d of Mutual Recogniti on
of Di pl omas and Professional Qualifications for Achievi ng Clear Distinction between Academic
                                 and Professional Recogniti on

Legislation                                          Measure                            Period for
implementing the                                                                        elaborati on
measure provisioned
1. Adopting a Bill on the    1.1. Legal provision defining the term “regulated              June 2002
amend ment of the Higher     profession” in the Republic of Bulgaria, the pursue of
Education Act (HEA)          which requires higher education diplo ma awarded
                             upon successful comp letion of professional education
                             and training of at least three years' duration
2. Elaboration of a new      2.1. Legal provision determining the distinction              March 2003
Bill amending the HEA        between “professional recognition” and “academic
                             recognition” procedures for the system of higher
                             education
                             2.2. Legal provision stipulating for the elaboration of       March 2003
                             a List of the regul ated professions in the Republic of
                             Bulgaria, the pursue of which requires higher
                             education diploma awarded upon successful
                             complet ion of professional education and training of
                             at least three years' duration
                             2.3. Legal provision stipulating for the designati on of      March 2003
                             the competent authorities empowered to receive the
                             applications and take the decisions in respect of
                             professional recognition (supplements to the functions
                             of the Council of M inisters – Art. 9, Para. 3. P. 9)
3. Elaboration of a Bill     3.1. Legal provision determining the distinction              March 2003
amending the Vocational      between “professional recognition” and “academic
Education and Training       recognition” procedures for the system of vocational
Act                           education and training
                              3.2. Legal provision defining the term “regulated             March 2003
                              profession” in the Republic of Bulgaria the pursue of
                              which is dependent on the possession of professional
                              or vocational education and training qualifications of
                              secondary level
                              3.3. Legal provision stipulating for the elaboration of       March 2003
                              a List of the regul ated professions in the Republic of
                              Bulgaria, the pursue of which is dependent on the
                              possession of professional or vocational education and
                              training qualifications of secondary level
                              3.4. Legal provision stipulating for the designati on of      March 2003
                              the competent authorities empowered to receive the
                              applications and take the decisions in respect of
                              professional recognition (supplement to the activities
                              of the National Agency for Vocat ional Education and
                              Train ing – Art. 42)
4. New secondary              4.1. Elaboration and adoption of the List of Regulated        March 2004
legislation act (Council of   Professions in the Republic of Bulgaria (in
Ministers’ Decree)            collaboration with all relevant national institutions )
adopting a List of
Regulated Professions in
the Republic of Bu lgaria
                              4.2. Elaboration of a List of competent authorities           March 2004
                              empowered to receive the applicat ions and take the
                              decisions in respect of professional recognition (in
                              collaboration with all relevant national institutions )
                              4.3. Legal provision stipulating for the designati on of      March 2004
                              the institution that shall co-ordi nate the activit ies of
                              the competent authorities empowered to receive the
                              applications and take the decisions in respect of
                              professional recognition


The Republic of Bu lgaria states that any requirements regarding the right of stay and nationality will be
removed by the time o f accession as well as any requirements concerning language will be
proportionate and non-discriminatory. With the introduction of the concept “EU citizen” in the
Bulgarian legislation any discrepancies and contradiction will be removed and the EU citizens will
have all the rights and obligations of the Bulgarian ones.

Bulgaria declares that verificat ion of the authenticity or legalization of documents will not be required
except in cases of doubt and on an exceptional basis.

The timetable of acquis transposition is given in Annex 1.

1.2 Sectoral Directives
The Republic of Bulgaria states that by amending the national legislation related to the sectoral
directives it will introduce simpler procedures for provision of services, which will be in force as of the
data of accession to the EU.

Measures are being provisioned to the effect of align ing the curricu la fo r the regulated professions with
the requirements of the sectoral direct ives.

The timetable of acquis transposition is given in Annex 1.

1.2.1 Lawyers
Regarding the mutual recognition and practicing the profession of a lawyer Bulgaria confirms that it
has undertaken the corresponding measures so that by the mid of 2002 a Bill on amend ment and
supplement to the Bar Act will be discussed and adopted. The Bill is envisaged to transpose the
requirements of Directives 1977/ 249/ ЕEC and 1998/ 05/ЕU.
The Bill will be adopted earlier than the stated in the Negotiation Position on Chapter2, according to
the newly adopted Govern ment’s Strategy for speeding up the preparation of the Republic of Bulgaria
with respect to harmonizat ion of the national leg islation with the acquis .

The timetable of acquis transposition is given in Annex 1.

1.2.2 Architects
Content of training (syllabus)
        The diplo mas awarded by a State-recognized university – the University of Architecture,
    Civil Engineering and Geodesy (UACG), Sofia, Bulgaria (accredited by the National Accred itation
    and Evaluation Agency, November 2001)
       The formal qualification for taking up activities under the professional title o f an arch itect
    given by the awarded diplo mas of the State Dip lo ma Co mmission at the UACG at Masters level
    (Master of Architecture – MA)
       The total length of educati on and training consist of 5.5 years of full-ti me studies at the
    university.
        Education and training, leading to diplomas of MA are provided through well balanced
    theoretical studies, lectures, seminars, tutorials and practical works, which cover the
    following:
-   -     History and theory of architecture and the related arts (History of Arts, History of
    Architecture, Architectural Theory, Fundamentals of Architectural Design, History and Theory of
    Landscape Architecture);
-   -    Hu man and social sciences (Ph ilosophy, Theory of Values, Aesthetics, Sociology);
-   -    Urban design and planning process (History and Theory of Urban Planning, Regional
    Planning, Landscape Planning, Urban Analysis Methodology);
-   -    People and their environ ment (Sustainable Develop ment and Environ mental Policy, Urban
    Design, Interior Design);
-   -    Profession of architecture and the role of the architect (Professional Pract ice);
-   -    Constructional and engineering problems (Structural Mechanics, Concrete, Timber and Ste el
    Structures, Architectural Constructions, Build ing Materials)
-   -   Physical p roblems and technologies (Build ing Physics, Technical Installat ions and Systems,
    Construction Technologies and Labor Safety);
-   -    Bu ild ing regulations and financial aspects (Architectural and Planning Legislation,
    Economics)
-   -    Design process (Preparation of brief for a design project, Feasibility studies, Project
    presentation)
-   -    Industries, organizations, regulations and procedures (Organization of Construction,
    Marketing, Management and Practical placement)
       Professional recog nition and licensing by the Chamber of Arch itects in Bulgaria – several
    options under discussion in the professional bodies – the Chamber of Architects, the Union of
    Bulgarian Architects, the Ministry of Regional Development and Public Works and the University
    of Architecture, Civ il Engineering and Geodesy). A Bill on the Chamber of Architects and the
    Chamber of Engineers in Investment Design in Bulgaria, which will regulate the above issue, was
    approved by the Council of M inisters on 18 April 2002.
        Additional training and continui ng education for architects – a program for 36 hours
    additional lectures and seminars per year for upgrading knowledge and skills of practicing
    architects - developed by the Commission for education, train ing and p rofessional practice at the
    Union of Bulgarian Architects.
Detailed information on the content of training (syllabus) was presented to the EC.
The Republic of Bu lgaria has undertaken the following activ ities for the purposes of full harmonizat ion
of the Bulgarian legislation with the provisions of Directive 85/ 384/ ЕEC on mutual recognition of
diplo mas, certificates and other documents proving the acquirement of professional qualification on
architecture:
         A Bill on the Chambers of Architects and Engineers in Investment Design was elaborated
      which defines the structure, organization and activities of the Chamber of Architects and the
      Chamber of Engineers in Investment in Bulgaria and the general terms and conditions for
      recognition of the profession of an “architect”. The Bill was approved by the Council of Ministers
      on 18 April 2002 and its discussion in the Parliament is fo rthcoming.
         An Ordinance on the terms and conditions for mutual recognition of diplomas, certificates
     and other documents proving the professional qualification of an architect, respectively engineer
     is envisaged to be adopted under the Bill on the Chambers of Arch itects and Chamber of Engineers
     in Investment Design.
        The regulat ion of the so-called “regulated professions”, one of which is the profession of an
     architect will be defined by the Bill on amendment and supplement of the Higher Education Act (in
     2003). After its adoption by the National Assembly State requirements on the educational and
     qualification degrees in “architecture” will be elaborated.

Bulgaria confirms that the acquis on architects as regards establishment will be transposed by the
abovementioned legislative acts.

The timetable of acquis transposition is given in Annex 1.

1.2.3 Health Professions
The information that follows describes the situation in terms of the current legislative framework,
curriculu m and length of training. The legislative amend ments that will be required to ensure
compliance are indicated and a timetable fo r their adoption can be found in Annex 1. Changes will
take place in accordance with this schedule and the recommendations made following the TAIEX
evaluation mission to Bulgaria will be taken into account in ensuring that the curriculu m, in terms of
content and duration, complies with the acquis.

Contemporary medical education in the country is provided in five state Medical Universit ies and the
education of the paramedical specialists is carried out in 14 medical colleges.
Students are enrolled in the Medical Universit ies upon complet ion of their secondary education (12
years) and after passing competitive examinations in Biology and Chemistry (fo r the med ical co lleges
– only in Bio logy).

According to the State Register of the Educational-Qualificat ion Degrees for the Specialties in the
Higher Schools of the Republic of Bulgaria, adopted by CM Decree No. 86 of 12 March 1997 in
occupational doma in “Health” included in the Register under No. 7, as separate specialties are
included:
-    -    Under No. 7.1- “Medicine”;
-    -    Under No. 7.2 - “Dentistry”
-    -    Under No. 7.3 - “Pharmacy”
-    -    Under No. 7.4 - “Health care”

The educational-qualificat ion degree obtained by students graduated “Medicine”, “Dentistry” and
“Pharmacy” is “Master” with professional qualification as follows: “Master-Medical Doctor”, “Master-
Dentist” and “Master- Pharmacist”.

The education of students enrolled in medicine, dentistry and pharmacy is in compliance with the
Ordinance on the Unified State Requirements for Acquisition of Higher Education on “Medicine”,
“Dentistry” and “Pharmacy”, adopted by CMD No. 128 of 21 June 1995.

According to the Higher Education Act and the abovementioned Ordinance, the students, graduated in
these professions with minimu m duration of curriculu m of five years, are being granted “Master’s”
degree.

Pursuant to the above mentioned Ordinance the specialties of “Medicine” , “Dentistry” and “Pharmacy
are acquired in the Faculty of Medicine, Facu lty of Dentistry and Faculty of Pharmacy of the Medical
Universities (Higher Medical Schools). Education lasts for no less than 6 years including a uniform
educational minimu m of theoretical and practical training. Theoretical education is effected through
compulsory, freely chosen and optional subjects. The general horariu m for theoretical training will not
be less than the specified in the Sectoral Directives.

The training in the three specialties is in compliance with separate study plans and curriculu m of the
faculties of the Medical Un iversities.

The graduates (after having successfully passed their state examinations) receive under the Higher
Education Act the qualification of doctor, dentist, pharmacist and the legal capacity for exercising the
relevant profession, which is certified by a diplo ma for h igher education. The abbreviation “M.D.” in
the Republic of Bu lgaria is the equivalent of “Dr” for persons with the professiona l qualification of “a
doctor” or “a dentist”.

Having in mind the recommendations of TAIEX experts the term Dentist will be replaced by the term
Dental Surgeon/Physician as it is in the Member -States.
Regarding the mini mum leng th of the s pecialisations recognised in the EU (Directi ve
93/16/EEC):
In the sphere of mutual recognition of medical specialties, a new Ordinance No.31 of 28 June 2001 for
post-graduate tuition in the healthcare system was adopted, which defines the minimu m duration of the
respective education in Bulgaria for acquisition of specialty and is in compliance with Directive
93/ 16/ EEC. According to the Bulgarian legislation, a specializat ion is a specialist path chosen by the
med ical professional (doctor, dentist, nurse, etc) after the basic qualificat ion has been obtained.
A timetable for the adoption of new secondary legislative acts on the procedures for recognition of
diplo mas and qualifications is given in Annex 1.
Regarding the unit responsi ble for the mutual recogniti on of di pl omas , certificates and other
evi dence of formal qualification of medical s pecialties the following can be stated:
The Ministry of Health is setting up the abovementioned unit and some of its functions are as follows:
-   -    Mutual recognition of diplo mas, certificates and other proofs of formal qualification in the
    sphere of medical professions;
-   -    Elaboration of normative acts regulating the mutual recognition of d iplo mas;
-   -    Elaboration of ru les on recognition of documents of med ical specialists graduated abroad;
-   -    Issuing of documents for acquired qualificat ion of medical specialists, especially fo r doctors,
    dentists, pharmacists, medical nurses and mid wives wishing to practice the profession abroad;
-   -    Issuing of proofs for “good character and good repute” of the medical specialists, especially
    for doctors, dentists, pharmacists, medical nurses and mid wives wishing to practice the profession;
-   -    Keep ing a register of the specialists with higher education who have a cquired a specialty in
    the system of health care (by virtue of Ordinance №31/ 2001) for post diploma education in the
    health care system.

Regarding the information required for the separate medical professions it should be pointed out
the following:

1.2.3.1. Doctors:
Description of existing situation - current leg islative framework, length of training, curriculu m:
The acquisition of higher education in “Medicine” is regulated by the Higher Education Act, the State
Register of the Educational – Qualification Degrees for the Specialt ies in the Higher Schools of the
Republic o f Bulgaria and the relevant Ordinance of Unified State Requirements.

According to the Article No. 5 of the Ord inance of Unified State Requirements, the term of education
is not less than 6 years and includes an educational minimu m for theoretical and practical training. The
term of theoretical train ing is 4976 hours. However, all Medical Un iversities adopted curricula of over
5500 hours theoretical train ing since 1996. The practica l training is as follows:
-    -     Clin ical practice after the 6th year during not less than 24 full-time working days or 150
     hours;
-    -     Clin ical practice after 8th semester during not less than 24 full-t ime working days or 150
     hours;
-    -     Pre-dip lo ma clin ical practice after 10th semester during 310 calendar days or 1320 hours
By virtue of Art. 6 (1) of the Ordinance on the Unified State Requirements for Higher Education in
“Medicine”, theory is taught based on compulsory, optional and free selective subjects. By virtue of the
above Ordinance and the syllabus of the Medical Universities the follo wing subjects are taught:
1.Biology
2.Physics
3.Chemistry
4.Anatomy and Histology
5.Cytology
6.Biophysics
7.Biochemistry
8.Physiology
9.Medical informat ics and biostatistics
10.Microbiology
11.Genetics
12.Medical ethics
13.General Medicine
14.Medical Physiology
15.History of Medicine
16.Social Med icine
17.Medicine of Disasters
18.Hygiene, Ecology and Occupational diseases
19.Forensic med icine and deontology
20.Epidemiology
21.Pathological physiology
22.Pharmaco logy
23.Clinical Pharmacology
24.General Pathology
25.Clinical Pathology
26.Introduction in internal diseases
27.General and operative surgery
28.Radiology
29.ORL
30.Ophthalmology
31.Neuro logy
32.Obstetrics and Gynecology
33.Dermatology and Venereology
34.Psychiatry
35.Internal d iseases and Pharmacotherapy
36.Cardio logy
37.Pneu mology
38.Gastroenterology and Hepatology
39.Nephrology
40.Endocrinology
41.Rheumatology
42.Hematology
43.Allergology
44.To xicology
45.Clinical Chemistry
46.Clinical Immunology
47.Surgery
48.Orthopedics and Traumatology
49.Urology
50.Anesthesiology and Intensive care
51.Pediatrics
52.Physical therapy and rehabilitation
53.Infectious diseases

Specializations offered:
Acquisition of specialty within the health care system is effected on the basis of §3 in relat ion to Art.
87of the Nat ional Health Act, para.2 of Art.11 of the Ordinance on the Uniform State Requirements for
Acquisition of Higher Education in “Medicine”, “Dentistry” and “Pharmacy”. The terms and
conditions for specialization in a part icular medical specialty is stipulated in the Ordinance No.31 of 28
June 2001 of the Min istry of Health.

In Annex 1 to Art. 3 of the Ordinance is given the List of Specialties and the terms and conditions for
their acquiring in the field of health care, for med ical doctors, dental surgeons, pharmacists, persons,
graduated a medical college /nurses, responsible for general care, mid wives and X-ray laborants/.

Pursuant to Art. 3 of the Ordinance “By specialization shall be meant the acquisition of a basic or a
profile specialty within the list of specialties in the health care system corresponding to a specified
curriculu m and syllabus, for a definite period of time wh ich ends after successful passing of an
examination before the state examination board”. Pursuant to Art. 36 of the Ord inance … “Persons
who have successfully passed the state examination shall receive a certificate for recognition of
specialty”. Persons who have acquired specialty are entered in the Central Register at the Min istry of
Health.

             Specialties for doctors hol di ng the educational qualificati on degree of Master

 No.             Full specialties             Duration             Sub-speci alties            Duration
                                               (years)                                          (years)
  1                     2                         3                       4                        5
   1.   Obstetrics and gynecology                 4         1. Oncology                            2
                                                            2. Aesthetic (cosmetic)                3
                                                            surgery and medicine
   2.   Anatomy, histology and                    3
        cytology
   3.   Anesthesiology and intensive              4
        care
   4.   Biochemistry                              4
   5.   Virology                                  3
   6.   Internal medicine                         5         1. Gastro-enterology                   2
                                                            2. Geriatrics                          2
                                                            3. Endocrinology and                   2
                                                            metabolism
                                                            4. Cardiology                          2
                                                            5. Clinical allergology                2
                                                            6. Clinical hematology                 2
                                                            7. Nephrology                          2
                                                            8. Oncology                            2
                                                            9.Pneu mology and                      2
                                                            phthisiology
                                                            10. Occupational medicine              2
                                                            11. Rheu matology                      2
   7.   Pediatrics                                4         1.Paed iatric endocrinology            2
                                                            and metabolis m
                                                            2. Pediatric card iology               2
                                                            3.Paed iatric clinical                 2
                                                            hematology
                                                            4. Pediatric pneumo logy and           2
                                                            phthisiology
                                                            5. Pediatric rheumatology              2
                                                            6. Clinical allergology                2
                                                            7. Neonatology                         2
                                             8. Oncology                    2
 8.   Ep idemio logy of infectious       3
      diseases
 9.   Health care econo mics             2
10.   Immunology                         4
11.   Infectious diseases                4
12.   Clin ical laboratory science       4
13.   Clin ical to xico logy             4   1. Clinical allergology        2
14.   Clin ical pharmacology and         3
      therapeutics
15.   Dermato-venereology                4   1. Clinical allergology        2
                                             2. Oncology                    2
                                             3. Occupational medicine       2
                                             4. Aesthetic (cosmetic)        3
                                             surgery and medicine
16.   Co mmunity hygiene                 3
17.   Maxillo-facial surgery             5   1. Aesthetic (cosmetic)        3
                                             surgery and medicine
18.   Radiotherapy                       4   1. Oncology                    2
19.   Disaster (catastrophe) med icine   3
20.   Medical bio logy                   3
21.   Medical genetics                   3
22.   Medical parasitology               3
23.   Medical pedagogy                   3
24.   Microbiology                       4
25.   Neurosurgery                       5   1. Oncology                    2
26.   Neurology                          4   1. Oncology                    2
                                             2. Occupational medicine       2
27.   Nuclear medicine                   4   1. Oncology                    2
28.   Diagnostic imag ing                4
29.   General and clin ical pathology    4
30.   General medicine                   3   1. Geriatrics                  2
31.   General hygiene                    3
32.   Orthopaedics and traumatology      5   1. Oncology                    2
                                             2.Plastic and reconstructive   2
                                             surgery
                                             3. Aesthetic (cosmetic)        3
                                             surgery and medicine
33.   Ophthalmo logy                     4   1. Oncology                    2
                                             2. Occupational medicine       2
                                             3. Aesthetic (cosmetic)        3
                                             surgery and medicine
34.   Pathophysiology                    3
35.   Psychiatry                         4   1. Ch ild psychiatry           2
                                             2. Forensic psychiatry         2
36.   Radiat ion hygiene                 3
37.   Radiobio logy                      4
38.   Co mmunity med icine and health    3
      care management
39.   Emergency med icine                4
40.   Sports medicine                    4
41.   Forensic medicine                  3
  42.   Toxicology                               3
  43.   Transfusion hematology                   4
  44.   Industrial medicine                      4        1. Occupational medicine              2
  45.   Urology                                  5        1. Oncology                           2
                                                          2. Aesthetic (cosmetic)               3
                                                          surgery and medicine
  46.   Otorhinolaryngology                      4        1. Clinical allergology               2
                                                          2. Oncology                           2
                                                          3. Occupational medicine              2
                                                          4. Aesthetic (cosmetic)               3
                                                          surgery and medicine
  47.   Pharmacology                             4
  48.   Physiotherapy and rehabilitation         4
  49.   Physiology                               3
  50.   Surgery                                  5        1. Thoracic surgery                   2
                                                          2. Pediatric surgery                  2
                                                          3. Aesthetic (cosmetic)               3
                                                          surgery and medicine
                                                          4. Cardiosurgery                      2
                                                          5. Oncology                           2
                                                          6.Plastic and reconstructive          2
                                                          surgery
                                                          7. Vascular surgery                   2
  51.   Child and adolescent hygiene             3
  52.   Nutrit ion and dietetics                 3

Legislat ive amend ments that will ensure compliance with Directive 93/16/ EEC are listed in Annex 1.

1.2.3.2. Dentists:
Descripti on of existing situation - current legislative framework, length of traini ng, curriculum:

Description of existing situation - current leg islative framework, length of training, curriculu m:
The acquisition of higher education in “Dentistry” is regulated by the Higher Education Act, the State
register of the Educational –Qualification Degrees for the Specialties in the Higher Schools of the
Republic o f Bulgaria and the relevant Ordinance of Unified State Requirements.

According to Art. 15 of the same Ordinance the training course in “Dentistry” has duration of 5 years
regular training course, including unified educational minimu m of theoretical and practical knowledge
and 6 months pre-graduation internship. The compulsory subjects come to a total of 4925 academic
hours and the two Dentistry Faculties (in Sofia and Plovdiv) have approved curricula of 4925 hours
theoretical education.

The practical knowledge is acquired based on the following scheme: three rounds of 15 working day s
training practice following the second, the fourth and the sixth semester. Pre -graduation internship of
157 working days equals to 1020,5 hours.

Pursuant to Art. 16 o f the Ord inance of the Unified State Requirements for Higher Education in
“Dentistry”, the theory is taught based on compulsory, optional and free selective subjects. The
compulsory subjects are as follo ws:
1.Co mputer techniques
2.Physics
3.Biophysics
4.Chemistry
5.Biochemistry
6.Biology
7.Latin language
8.Fo reign Language
9.Anatomy and histology
10.General and clin ical pathology
11.Physiology
12.Pathological physiology
13.Microbiology
14.Pharmaco logy
15.Surg ical d iseases
16.Sanitary care
17.Professional diseases
18.Social Med icine and Dental Care Services /SMDCS/
19.Otto-Rhino- Laryngology
20.Hygiene and Epidemiology
21.Internal d iseases
22.Pediatrics and Infectious Diseases
23.Obstetrics
24.Forensic med icine
25.Dermatology and venerology
26.Neuro logy and Psychiatry
27.Ophthalmology
28.Basics of Dental Materials
29.Basics of Prosthetic Dental Care
30.Clinics in Prosthetic Dental Care
31.Orthodontics
32.Basics in dental care fo r children
33.Clinics in dental care to children, screening
34.Pre-clin ics in conservative dental care
35.Clinics in conservative dental care
36.Parodontology
37.Facial-maxillary X-ray imaging and oral d iagnostics
38.Basics of dental and facial-maxillary surgery
39.Clinics of dental and facial-maxillary surgery
40.Dentists alergology

Specializations offered:
Acquisition of specialty within the health care system is effected on the basis of §3 in relat ion to Art.
87 of the National Health Act, para.2 of Art.11 o f the Ordinance on the Uniform State Requirements
for acquisition of h igher education in “Medicine”, “Dentistry” and “Pharmacy”. The terms and
conditions for specialization in a part icular medical specialty is stipulated in the Ordinance No.31 of 28
June 2001 of the Min istry of Health.

In Annex 1 to Art. 3 of the Ordinance is given the List of Specialties and the terms and conditions for
their acquiring in the field of health care, for med ical doctors, dental surgeons, pharmacists, persons,
graduated a medical college /nurses, responsible for general care, mid wives and X-ray laborants/.

Pursuant to Art. 3 of the Ordinance “By specialization shall be meant the acquisition of a basic or a
profile specialty within the list of specialties in the health care system corresponding to a specified
curriculu m and syllabus, for a definite period of time wh ich ends after successful passing of an
examination before the state examination board”. Pursuant to Art. 36 of the Ord inance … “Persons
who have successfully passed the state examination shall receive a certificate for recognition of
specialty”. Persons who have acquired specialty are entered in the Central Register at the Min istry of
Health.

              Specialties for dentists hol ding the educational qualification degree of Master

No.             Full specialties              Duration           Sub-speci alties            Duration
                                               (years)                                        (years)
  1.   Pediatric stomatology                      3          1. Dental d iagnostic               2
                                                             imaging
  2.   Maxillo-facial surgery                     4          1. Dental d iagnostic               2
                                                            imaging
                                                            2. Aesthetic (cosmetic)             3
                                                            surgery and medicine
  3.   Medical pedagogy                          3
  4.   General stomatology                       3
  5.   Dental surgery and endodontics            2          1. Dental d iagnostic               2
                                                            imaging
  6.   Oral surgery                              3          1. Dental d iagnostic               2
                                                            imaging
                                                            2. Aesthetic (cosmetic)             3
                                                            surgery and medicine
  7.   Orthodontics                              3          1. Dental d iagnostic               2
                                                            imaging
  8.   Periodontology and diseases of            3          1. Dental d iagnostic               2
       the oral mucosa                                      imaging
  9.   Prosthodontics                            3          1. Dental d iagnostic               2
                                                            imaging
10.    Co mmunity med icine and dental           3
       care organization

Legislat ive amend ments that will ensure compliance with the relevant Directives are listed in Annex 1.

As regards the plans to align the title (academic and professional) of the dentists as well as the
curriculu m in order to achieve full co mpliance with the acquis, the outcome of the TAIEX evaluation
mission will be taken into consideration.

1.2.3.3. Pharmacists:
Description of existing situation - current leg islative framework, length of training, curriculu m:
The acquisition of higher education in “Pharmacy” is regulated by the Higher Education Act, the State
Register of the Educational – Qualification Degrees for the Specialt ies in the Higher Schools of the
Republic o f Bulgaria and the relevant Ordinance of Unified State Requirements.

Practice training is performed as follows: study practice after the second, fourth and sixth semesters of
not less than 550 hours. Pre-graduation probation after co mpletion of the 8th semester - 180 calendar
days – not less than 780 hrs. This is the current situation and it will be changed to comply with acquis
by the end of 2003.

The Higher Medical School organizes the practical training of students and it is performed in
pharmacies, research laboratories and industrial enterprises on the basis of mutual agreement. The
education compulsorily ends by state exams or defense of diplo ma work. The state exams are on drug
technology with biopharmacy; pharmacognosis; pharmacology; pharmaceutical chemistry –
pharmaceutical analysis; pharmaceutical legislat ion and social pharmacy. Each state exam or defense
of diplo ma work is given before the State Examination Co mmission. The number of its members
cannot be less than three persons with an academic ran k of the corresponding basic discipline. The
members of the examination co mmission are appointed by an order of the rector.

In accordance with Art.26 (1) of the Regulation on the Unified State Requirements for Acquisition of
Higher Education in “Medicine”, “Dentistry” and “Pharmacy” the theory training is provided by means
of compulsory, optional and free selective subjects. Compulsory subjects are as follows:
1.Latin language
2.Higher mathemat ics
3.Applicab le mathematics
4.Mathemat ic models and computers
5.Physics and biophysics
6.General and non-organic chemistry
7.Organic chemistry
8.Analytical chemistry
9.Physics chemistry and colloid chemistry
10.Basics of biology
11.Hu man anato my
12.Hu man physiology
13.Microbiology and virusology
14.Biochemistry and clinical chemistry
15.Pathologic anatomy and pathologic physiology
16.Basics of clinical med icine
17.Medicine genetics
18.Pharmaco logy and toxico logy
19.Pharmaceutical botany
20.Pharmacy cognition
21.Pharmaceutical chemistry
22.Pharmaceutical analysis
23.Drugs technology section І and ІІ
24.Drugs technology section ІІІ
25.Hygiene and ecology
26.Bro matology
27.Medicine technique and instruments
28.Social pharmacy and pharmacy legislation

Specializations offered
Acquisition of specialty within the health care system is effected on the basis of §3 in relat ion to Art.
87 of the National Health Act, para.2 of Art.11 o f the Ordinance on the Uniform State Requirements
for Acquisition of Higher Education in “Medicine”, “Dentistry” and “Pharmacy”. The terms and
conditions for specialization in a part icular medical specialty is stipulated in the Ordinance No.31 of 28
June 2001 of the Min istry of Health.

In Annex 1 to Art. 3 of the Ordinance is given the List of Specialties and the terms and conditions for
their acquiring in the field of health care, for med ical doctors, dental surgeons, pharmacists, persons,
graduated a medical college /nurses, responsible for general care, mid wives and X-ray laborants/.

Pursuant to Art. 3 of the Ordinance “By specialization shall be meant the acquisition of a basic or a
profile specialty within the list of specialties in the health care system corresponding to a specified
curriculu m and syllabus, for a definite period of time wh ich ends after successful passing of an
examination before the state examination board”. Pursuant to Art. 36 of the Ord inance “…Persons
who have successfully passed the state examination shall receive a certificate for recognition of
specialty”. Persons who have acquired specialty are entered in the Central Register at the Min istry of
Health.

            Specialties for pharmacists hol ding the educational qualification degree of Master

No.             Full specialties              Duration         Sub-speci alties        Duration (years)
                                               (years)

  1.   Analysis of medicines                      3
  2.   Clin ical pharmacology                     3
  3.   Medicinal p lants and herbalism            3
  4.   Medical pedagogy                           3
  5.   Distributor and pharmacy                   3
       practice organization and
       economics
  6.   Pharmaceuticals production                 3
       organization and economics
  7.   Technology of medicines with               3
       biopharmacology

Legislat ive amend ments that will ensure compliance with the relevant Directives are listed in Annex 1.

1.2.3.4. Nurses (responsible for general care):
Description of existing situation - current leg islative framework, length of training, curriculu m:
Under the Higher Education Act the education in all specialties lasts no less than three years or 6
semesters the enrolment being effected upon complet ion of secondary education and after passing a
competitive examination in Biology. The length of training for nurses is in concordance with Directive
77/ 453/ ЕЕС – Art.1 (.2) b. - 3 years in a Medical Co llege.

Pursuant to Art. 3 of the above mentioned Ordinance, the term of education for acquiring the education
and qualification degree “specialist” with professional qualification “nurse” is 3 years in accordance
with the curriculu m, equal to 6 semesters with the total minimu m hours being 3 200 academic hours.
By virtue of Art. 4 (3) of the same Ordinance the curriculu m includes compulsory and other subjects
besides those stated in Art. Para. /2/. In accordance with Art.4 /4/ of the same Ordinance the education
also includes practical train ing, which is organized by the college in accordance with the specific
curriculu m with minimu m duration of 1170 hours for nurses and pre-graduation probation of not less
than 600 hours for each specialty.

Under the terms of the Higher Education Act students who have graduated a semi-higher medical
institute (till 1997) are entitled to the same rights as the students wh o have graduated medical colleges.

In accordance with the effect ive curriculu m the total hours are 3810, 2040 of which are theory study, of
which 1376 are lectures and 664 seminars.
As regards the plans to align the curriculu m for nurses in order to ach ieve full co mpliance with the
acquis the outcome of the TAIEX evaluation mission will be taken into consideration.

In accordance with Art.4 /2/ of the Ordinance on the Unified State Requirements for the Acquisition of
Higher Education for the Education and Qualification Degree “Specialist” the compulsory subjects for
“nurse” specialty are:
1.General and special nurse care
2.Anatomy, pathological anatomy
3.Physiology, pathologic physiology
4.M icrobiology, viruses and parasites
5.Clin ical laboratory, biochemistry and immunology
6.Medical physics and equipment
7.Medical genetics
8.Pharmacology
9.Hygiene and ecology. Diets
10.Latin language with medical terms
11.Image d iagnostics
12.Clinical subjects, including:
13. Internal diseases
14.Anesthesia and intensive care
15.Surgery
16.Child diseases and neonatology
17.Obstetrics and gynecology
18.Infectious diseases and epidemiology
19.Geriatrics
20.Nerve diseases, psychiatry
21.Dermatological and venereal diseases
22.Ophthalmology
23.Otto-Rhino- Laryngology
24.Physiotherapy
25.Social medicine, health pro motion and informatics
26.Medical psychology, sociology
27.Medical ethics and deontology
28.Child pedagogy and child psychology
29.Social and health legislation
30.Medical procurement in case of calamity.

Specializations offered:
Acquisition of specialty within the health care system is effected on the basis of §3 in relat ion to Art.
87 of the National Health Act, para.2 of Art.11 o f the Ordinance on the Uniform State Requirements
for Acquisition of Higher Education in “Medicine”, “Dentistry” and “Pharmacy”. The terms and
conditions for specialization in a part icular medical specialty is stipulated in the Ordinance No.31 of 28
June 2001 of the Min istry of Health.

In Annex 1 to Art. 3 of the Ordinance is given the List of Specialties and the terms and conditions for
their acquiring in the field of health care, for med ical doctors, dental surgeons, pharmacists, persons,
graduated a medical college /nurses, responsible for general care, mid wives and X-ray laborants/.

Pursuant to Art. 3 of the Ordinance “By specialization shall be meant the acquisition of a basic or a
profile specialty within the list of specialties in the health care system corresponding to a specified
curriculu m and syllabus, for a definite period of time wh ich ends after successful passing of an
examination before the state examination board”. Pursuant to Art. 36 of the Ord inance … “Persons
who have successfully passed the state examination shall receive a certificate for recognition of
specialty”. Persons who have acquired specialty are entered in the Central Register at the Min istry of
Health.

                               Specialties for medical college graduates

No.             Full specialties              Duration           Sub-speci alties            Duration
                                               (years)                                        (years)
  1.   Anesthesiology and intensive               2
       care (fo r nurses and midwives)
  2.   Public health (for nurses,                 2          1. Social nursing                   1
       midwives and feldschers)
  3.   Surgical and dressing techniques           2
       (for nurses and mid wives)
  4.   Psychiatric nursing                        2
  5.   Radiotherapy (for radiographers )          1

Legislat ive amend ments that will ensure compliance with the relevant Directives are listed in Annex 1.

1.2.3.5.Midwives:
Descripti on of existing situation - current legislative framework, length of traini ng, curriculum:
Under the Higher Education Act the education in all specialties lasts no less than three years or 6
semesters the enrolment being effected upon complet ion of secondary education and after passing a
competitive examination in Bio logy. The length of training for midwives is in co ncordance with
Directive 80/ 155/ ЕЕС – Art.1 (2) - 3 years in a Med ical Co llege.

Pursuant to Art. 3 of the Ordinances on the Uniform State Requirements for those specialties, adopted
by CMD No. 207 of 8 September 1998, the term of education for acquiring the education and
qualification degree “specialist” with professional qualification “mid wife” ” is 3 years in accordance
with the curriculu m, equal to 6 semesters. Training under the rest of the specialties is performed in the
colleges of medicine at the respective higher schools of medicine in conformity with the
abovementioned Ordinance. The minimu m horariu m shall not be less than 3200 academic hours while
the proportion between theoretical (including lectures, practical train ing, seminars, etc.) and pra ctical
preparation (including also a pre-dip lo ma training of 600 hours) is in the proportion 50:50.
The curricu lu m includes compulsory and other additional subjects. The education also includes
practical training, which is organized by the college in accordance with the specific curricu lu m.

In accordance with the effective curricu lu m the total hours are 3825, 1815 o f which are theory study,
1410 hours of practical train ing and 600 hours of pre-graduation probation.

In accordance with Art.1 (2) of the Ordinance on the Unified State Requirements for the Acquisition of
Higher Education on the Specialties of Professional Do main “Health care” fo r Education and
Qualification Degree “Specialist” the form o f study for “midwife” specialty is regular.

The training ends with state examinations, which are different for each specialty and should be given
before a State Examination commission chaired by a person having academic rank. Students are
marked under a 6-point system the highest mark being “excellent” - 6 and the lowest positive mark
“fair” - 3.

The graduated students receive diplomas for higher education with a qualificat ion degree of
“Specialist”.

Under the terms of the Higher Education Act students who have graduated a semi-higher medical
institute (till 1997) are entitled to the same rights as the students who have graduated medical colleges.

In accordance with Art.4 (2) of the Ordinance on Unified State Requirements for the Acquisition of
Higher Education for the Education and Qualification Degree “Specialist” the compulsory subjects for
“midwife” specialty are as follows:
1. 1. Nurse and Midwife Care
2. 2. Obstetrics
3. 3.    Gynecology
4. 4. Anatomy, Pathological Anatomy
5. 5. Physiology, Pathologic Physiology
6. 6. Microbiology, Viruses and Parasites
7. 7.    Clinical Laboratory, Biochemistry
8. 8. Medical Physics and Equip ment
9. 9. Medical Genetics
10. 10. Hygiene and Ecology. Diet
11. 11. Pharmacology
12. 12. Facial Diagnostics
13. 13. Lat in language with medical terms
14. 14. Clinical Subjects
15. 15. Anesthesia and Intensive Health Treatment
16. 16. Internal Diseases
17. 17. Ch ild Diseases and Neonatology
18. 18. Surgery
19. 19. Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology
20. 20. Nerve Diseases, Psychiatry
21. 21. Dermatology and Venero logy
22. 22. Ophthalmology
23. 23. Otto-Rh ino- Laryngology
24. 24. Physiotherapy
25. 25. Social med icine, Health Pro motion and Informatics
26. 26. Med ical Psychology, Sociology
27. 27. Med ical Eth ics and Deontology
28. 28. Social and Health Legislation
29. 29. Sexo logy and Family Planning
30. 30. Med ical p rocurement in case of calamity
31. 31. Surgery Equip ment
32. 32. Sports

Specializations offered
Acquisition of specialty within the health care system is effected on the basis of § 3 in relation to Art.
87 of the National Health Act, para.2 of Art.11 o f the Ordinance on the Uniform State Requirements
for acquisition of h igher education in “Medicine”, “Dentistry” and “Pharmacy”. The terms and
conditions for specialization in a particular med ical specialty is stipulated in the Ord inance No. 31 of
28 June 2001 o f the Ministry of Health.

In Annex 1 to Art. 3 of the Ordinance is given the List of Specialties and the terms and conditions for
their acquiring in the field of health care, for med ical doctors, dental surgeons, pharmacists, persons,
graduated a medical college /nurses, responsible for general care, mid wives and X-ray laborants/.

Pursuant to Art. 3 of the Ordinance “By specialization shall be meant the acquisition of a basic or a
profile specialty within the list of specialties in the health care system corresponding to a specified
curriculu m and syllabus, for a definite period of time wh ich ends after successful passing of an
examination before the State Examination Co mmission”. Pursuant to Art. 36 of the Ordinance …
“Persons who have successfully passed the state examination shall receive a certificate for recognition
of specialty”. Persons who have acquired specialty are entered in the Central Register at the Ministry of
Health.

                               Specialties for medical college graduates

No.             Full specialties              Duration           Sub-speci alties             Duration
                                               (years)                                         (years)
  1.   Anesthesiology and intensive               2
       care (fo r nurses and midwives)
  2.   Public health (for nurses,                 2         1. Social nursing                     1
       midwives and feldschers)
  3.   Surgical and dressing techniques           2
       (for nurses and mid wives)
  4.   Psychiatric nursing                        2
  5.   Radiotherapy (for radiographers)           1

Legislat ive amend ments that will ensure compliance with the relevant Directives are listed in Annex 1.

Regarding the Nurses and Midwives, in 1995, with the advisory assistance of some EU Member -States,
a new higher education for acquisition “Health care” specialty with the educational qualificat ion degree
“bachelor” and the professional qualificat ion of “Head of health care and lecturer in training in medical
colleges” was introduced. Such train ing has already been provided in the Medical Un iversities in Sofia,
Pleven, and Plovdiv. Education lasts for no less than five and a h alf years or the equivalent of 11
semesters including the minimu m horariu m of 3330 hours provided at a Medical University, performed
in the first three years with a minimu m horariu m of 1620 hours at a medical college. The successful
graduation of the college is followed by an education of two and a half years or 5 semesters with the
minimu m horariu m of 1710 hours and the minimu m o f 250 hours of training. The education ends by a
state theoretical examination in med ico-social, economic, legal and pedagogical sciences and a state
practical examination. Persons who have acquired such diploma may be appointed as senior nurses of
departments or chief nurses of hospitals, heads of hospices, etc. as well as lecturers in med ical colleges.

The Ministry of Health coordinates and controls medical education and confirms if required the
certificates issued by the Medical Universities and medical colleges.

Acquisition of research titles is performed in conformity with the Act on Research Degrees and
Research Titles. The research titles for persons having academic ran k are as follo ws: associate
professor or 2nd degree senior research worker and professor or 1st degree senior research worker.
Acquisition of these titles is carried out upon defending successfully dissertation and receiving the
“PhD” research degree and after conducting a competition and defense before Specialized Scientific
Board in the respective scientific sphere.

The timetable of acquis transposition is given in Annex 1.

1.2.3.6. Veterinarian surgeons
Description of existing situation - current leg islative framework, length of training, curriculu m:

Training. Basic training.
         Students are required to pass an entrance examination in Biology for their admission to the
     Faculty of Veterinary Medicine. Students successfully passed the exam are ad mitted on the basis
     of an average score formed out of the average grade from their secondary school diploma, biology
     and chemistry grades fro m their diplo ma and the grade fro m the entrance examination in Biology.
         The intake rate is determined by the Council of M inisters:
- The total number of candidates for training at the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine is between 500 and
750, i.e. 10 – 15 candidates for one place. There were 565 candidates for 2001/2002: 247 male and
318 female; 40 of them were ad mitted.
- Between 40 - 56 Bu lgarian cit izens and about 10 – 15 foreigners (main ly fro m Greece, Cypress,
Israel, former Yugoslavia, and Macedonia) are ad mitted in Sofia.
- The number of candidates admitted bears relation to the number of veterinary surgeons required in
Bulgaria. About 180-190 new veterinary surgeons are required annually to replace the retired and
those who have left the profession for other reasons.
- The Min istry of Education and Science controls the number of the admitted students.
        Training courses are organized in five years and a six-month practical work placement. The
    Faculty and Academic Council determine the structure and content of the curriculu m. The content
    of the courses programs are determined by the departments and are approved by the Faculty
    Council.
         There are general state requirements for the specialty of Veterinary Medicine. These
    requirements are compulsory and they are included in the curricu lu m. Join t state requirements
    were approved by the Council of Ministers in 1996 (Decree No 130/ 10.06.1996).
         The curriculu m co mprises all subjects, which are included in the annex to Directive
    78/ 1027/ EEC and in the Decree on joint state requirements for the specialty of Veterinary
    Medicine. In addit ion, several other subjects are taught at the Faculty: Economics; History of
    Veterinary Med icine; Endocrinology; a few optional subjects: Tropical Diseases; Animal
    Insurance; Philosophy; Social Psychology; Veterinary Dentistry.
    It is a five and a half year course of study with the following number of hours: 4905 hours for the
    compulsory courses and about 120 hours for the optional ones.
    The curriculu m provides an opportunity for acquiring knowledge in the field of mo rphology,
    physiology, and pathology of all kinds of animals, in species and breeds of animals and breeding
    technologies, animal nutrition and use; diagnostics, therapy and prevention of infectious, non -
    communicab le, parasitic, surgical, gynecological and other diseases; production technologies and
    sanitary control over foods of animal o rig in; veterinary med icine legislat ion and forensic
    veterinary medicine.
    The veterinary medicine curricula co mply to a great extent with the requirements of Directives
    78/ 1026/ EEC and 78/1027/ EEC.
    In this respect it is necessary to note that in 2000 EC experts visited the Veterinary Facult ies
    respectively of the Thracian University in Stara Zagora, and of the Forestry University in Sofia.
    Thus they obtained accreditation and confirmation that the curricula satisfy completely the EC
    requirements.
        Tests are used to control the regular preparation of students and the theoretical and practical
    knowledge acquired during the course of study.
        The Veterinary Medicine students complete their education by sitting for state examinations.
    They are awarded a Master’s degree and the qualification of a veterinary doctor.
         Theoretical training is carried out through lectures delivered by lecturers with an academic
    rank.
         Five depart ments were set up in the Faculty, in compliance with the Law on Higher
    Education:

- Depart ment of Anatomy, Histology and Physiology
- Depart ment of Animal Science
- Depart ment of Internal Diseases, Pathology and Pharmacology
- Depart ment of Surgery, Roentgenology, Obstetcics, Gynecology and Reprod uction Biotechnology
- Depart ment of Infectious Pathology, Veterinary-San itary Control and Animal Product Technology,
and Management of Veterinary Activ ities

        The fo llo wing teaching staff is employed at the Faculty: 19 fu ll -time lecturers with an
    academic rank (professors and associate professors) and 19 full-time assistant professors. Apart
    fro m them, 13 part-t ime lecturers with an academic rank and 2 assistant professors are employed.
         Lecturers teach courses in Chemistry, Physics, Computer Studies, Botany, Zoology, Wild
    Animals and Fish Biology, Sport, Lat in and other foreign languages from depart ments, which
    provide training for the whole university. The Council of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
    approves the curricula of these courses.
       The clinical training of students is carried out in the University Clinic for Small Animals, a
    basic unit in the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, in a train ing animal farm where different kinds of
    animals are raised: cattle, horses, sheep, sows, poultry, in state and private clinics.
    State clin ics belong to the National Veterinary Med icine Service where good veterinary surgeons
    are employed, laboratories have been built and different kinds of animals are raised.
        The Faculty Council selects the clinical t rain ing teaching staff with an academic ran k, but
    they receive a final approval by the Higher State Certifying Co mmission. Assistant professors are
    nominated by the Faculty Council only and afterwards ap pointed by the Rector of the University.
        So me students perform research in subject areas at their own choice under the supervision of
    their teachers. The Dean, by proposal of the respective departments, approves research topics.
        There is a Castration Center at the Faculty for castrating Sofia street dogs. It was jointly set
    up with the assistance of a German Conservation Organizat ion in Munich.
        Having co mpleted their six-month practical work p lacements in different units of the National
    Veterinary Medicine Service and in private practices trainees submits reports. The content of
    these reports is based on the work placement program, wh ich has been approved by the Faculty
    Council. Reports are assessed by a group of lecturers .

Additional specialist train ing
The training of veterinary surgeons is carried out under the supervision of the National Center for
Agricultural Sciences at the National Diagnostic and Research Veterinary Medicine Institute.
The Act on Veterinary Medic ine Activit ies was adopted in 1999, which includes the following text
(article 12, (1)) “the National Veterinary Medicine Service along with the Union of Veterinary
Surgeons organizes and manages the activities related to qualification upgrading of veterin ary
surgeons”.
Up to now, the Faculty has organized one course on Small Animal Diseases.
It is understandable that a reinstated faculty has a lot to do in terms of the organizat ion of train ing
courses and creating favorable conditions for training.
Post-graduate education is about to be introduced in some fields and this will be coordinated with the
National Veterinary Medicine Service and the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Stara Zagora, as per
the requirements of the law.
For the time being, the Nat ional Veterinary Med icine Service regularly organizes courses for veterinary
surgeons in the field of foods control, parasitic diseases control and borderline veterinary med icine
control.

Veterinary Med icine Professional Activities
-    -     The professional duties are elaborated in the Act on Veterinary Medicine Activit ies of 1999,
     promu lgated in the State Gazette, issue 42/05.05.1999.
-    -     Veterinary surgeons only are entitled to carry out activities related to diagnostics, therapy and
     prevention of animal diseases In Bu lgaria. According to the law, their assistants must be graduates
     of the secondary veterinary med icine vocational schools.
-    -     The Nat ional Veterinary Medicine Service can submit the exact proportion between those
     emp loyed in the public sector and in private practices.
-    -     The Act on Veterinary Medicine Activities and the set of rules for its imp lementation
     stipulate the regulations and conditions for the development of the private practice.
-    -     Veterinary Surgeons can voluntarily beco me members of the Un ion of Veterinary Surgeons
     and different trade union organizations.
-    -     The Un ion of Veterinary Surgeons has approved Rules on Professional Ethics.
- Emp loyers impose sanctions on veterinary medicine specialists, the heaviest being repealing the right
to practice veterinary medicine profession for one year. This sanction is imposed by the agricultural
minister, at a proposal of the National Veterinary Medicine Service, fo r heavy professional misconduct
(article 105 fro m the Act on Veterinary Medicine Activities). Sanctioned veterinary surgeons are
entitled to appeal.

A civil servant was appointed in the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry – the National Veterinary and
Medicine Service (NVM S) responsible for the mutual recognition of diplomas, certificates and other
proofs for official qualification of veterinary surgeons.

It is envisaged:
- Elaboration of an Ord inance on the post-graduate education of veterinary surgeons within the
envisaged terms – 2003.
- Adopting the new Bill of Research Degrees and Research Titles in full comp liance with the EC
requirements within the envisaged terms – 2002.
- Elaborating of a normative basis on mutual recognition of dip lo mas, certificates and other proofs of
formal qualificat ion of veterinary surgeons in cooperation with EU experts at a reciprocal basis within
the envisaged terms – 2003 - 2004.

The Govern ment of the Republic of Bulgaria takes note of the necessity and implements the necessary
administrative structures as well as programs in the field of education and training to guarantee the
level of co mpetence of the qualified professionals as required by the directives on mutual recognition
of qualificat ions. The timetable of acquis transposition is given in Annex 1.
1.2.3.7 Information on the on going reforms in the healthcare system
The Govern ment of Bulgaria has drawn up a complex strategy for the reform with a view of providing
a long-term develop ment of the healthcare system.
The structural reform includes: strengthening the role of the system for primarily servicing comprising
the general practitioners’ and dentists’ activities, completion of the system for emergency aid,
restructuring of non-profitable hospitals or other medical establishments, re-qualification and training
of the personnel in the healthcare system.
Reforming the financial system includes the establishment of the National Health Insurance Fund which
should finance activities such as primary medical services and specialized prophylactic system, in-
patient care, dentists’ services and full or partial pay ment of medicines, consumables and medicinal
tools.
The health insurance system is a model, which includes both funding and provision of health assistance
based on the principles of justice, solidarity, co mpulsory participation, contracting interests and
efficiency.
The state is responsible for the med ical educational system, the emergency aid, state sanitary control,
the transfusion system, provision of life-saving medicines, national centers and institutions, national
prevention programs, national programs for co mbat against diseases with social effect, international co -
operation in healthcare, etc.
Adopted laws:
For establishing a more rational organizat ion and financing of public healthcare the Bulgarian
government has elaborated a package of new laws regulating the structure and overall funding of
healthcare:
Health and Safety at Work Act (1997); Health Insurance Act (1998); Pro fessional Organizations of
Physicians’ and Dentists’ Act (1998); Drugs and their Precursors Act (1999); Medical Establish ments
Act (1999), Pharmaceuticals and Pharmacies Serving Human Medicine Act (1999), Foodstuffs Act
(1999).

The Act on Medical Establishments (1999) transposes the acquis (Directive 93/ 16/ EEC) on mutual
recognition of professional qualifications regarding the General Practitioners (doctors and dentists).
According to § 6. (1) “Right to establish individual and group practice for primary med ical care shall
have doctors and dentists with basic medical speciality, doctors and dentists with basic medical and
profiled speciality and doctors and dentists in the process of acquiring speciality who, within ten years
fro m the enactment of th is law must graduate the course and acquire speciality on general med icine .
 (2) The Min ister of Health shall determine the basic medical specialties which the persons under para
1 must have acquired, as well as the order of carrying out the qualification under para 1.”

The elaborated Bill on Public Health will establish the legislative basis for transposing the acquis
concerning the mutual recognition of professional qualificat ions. On these grounds there will be
adopted a new legislation related to specifying the procedures on recognition of diplomas and
qualifications in the field of medical professions – by the end of 2003.
All laws have been prepared in compliance with the EU law, the respective secondary legislation being
accordingly adopted.

The health reform in action
-   -    The Nat ional Health Insurance Fund (NHIF ) consists of a Central Depart ment, 28 regional
    insurance funds and branch offices in the bigger towns and districts.
-   -    The setting up of one of the most modern informat ion systems in health care in Central and
    Eastern Eu rope was init iated.
-   -    Re-registration of the establishments for primary and specialized health services has come to
    an end.
-   -    The choice of a general pract itioner was introduced.
-   -    Negotiations between NHIF and the professional organizations resulted in s igning a National
    Framework Contract stipulating the terms and conditions for conclusion of individual contracts
    with medical services providers (as of 1 July, 2000) and with the medical establishments for in -
    patient care (as of 1 July, 2001).
-   -    More than 1000 physicians’ practices (cabinets) in regions with unfavorable conditions were
    equipped and five modern centers for haemo-transfusion were built up with the assistance of the
    World Ban k.
-   -   More than 5000 people were trained under the new terms and conditions for financing and
    governance of the system.
Coming up:
       For Bulgarian citizens
-   -    Establishment of a system for highly qualified service by general practitioners acting as first
    contact points with patients for the provision of full and continuous primary healthcare.
-   -    Provision of high-quality med ical care while respecting the rights and personal dignity of the
    patients.
-   -    Provision of investment in health prophylaxis and promotion through the implementation of
    17 programs targeted at important health problems.
       For medical professionals and health administration
    -    -    Standards for good medical practices as well as capacity for introduction of new medical
         technologies in healthcare are being established.
    -    -     Healthcare reforms balance physicians’ and patients’ interests establishing conditions for
         fair and adequate payment of med ical p rofessionals.
       For the health system
    -    -    Medical establishments are granted full legal, financial and legal autonomy.
    -    -    Restructuring of medical establishments enabled follow -up privatization and acquisition
         of property over means of production while establishing a preferential regime for physicians
         and dentists working in the healthcare system.
    -    -    A new type of medial establishments like hospices will be established where independent
         nursing activities might be exercised ensuring employ ment of the average medical staff
         (health care technicians, nurses, mid wifes, laboratory assistants, etc.).
    -    -    Private medical practice (in the outpatient medical care) complies with state and public
         med ical establishments before the authorities funding healthcare.

2. CITIZEN RIGHTS

2.1 Gravier ruling
The Republic of Bu lgaria confirms that it will co mp ly fu lly with the decision of the ECJ on the Grav ier
case by complying the terms and conditions for enrollment of students citizens of the EU Membe r-
States with those applied for Bu lgarian cit izens. For the purposes of reaching equal access to the State
higher schools and amendment and supplement to the Higher Education Act and related to it secondary
legislative acts are envisaged by 2003.

The Republic of Bulgaria confirms that it will apply the Gravier ruling of the ECJ by the date of
accession.

The timetable of acquis transposition is given in Annex 1.
2.2 Right of residence
For the time being foreign nationals are entitled to a short-term and long-term residence in the Republic
of Bu lgaria according to the Foreigners in the Republic of Bulgaria Act.

The short-term residence is up to 90 days fro m the date of entry in the country. The term may be
extended by the services for administrative control of foreign nationals due to reasons of humanitarian
nature.

The long-term residence is:
-   -    Long - with permitted term up to one year;
-   -    Permanent - with permitted indefinite term.

The persons entitled to permanent residence permits are foreign cit izens who have legally resided
within the country without interruption for the last five years, excluding periods of stay for education or
training purposes.
The abovementioned definition refers to the current mo ment. With the envisaged a mendments in the
Foreigners in the Republic of Bulgaria Act and in accordance with the new Act on Migration that will
be elaborated full co mpliance with the acquits will be reached by the time o f accession.
Bulgaria has elaborated a program as required by the EU on the actions required for the full
harmonizat ion with the acquis communautaire in the sphere of foreigners’ right of residence. It
comprises:
-   -   Bill on Amending and Supplementing the Act on the Foreigners in the Republic of Bulgaria
    (AFRB). Deadline for drawing up the Bill – September 2002.
-   -    Secondary legislation related to the Bill under point 1. Deadline for the drafts – September
    2002.
-   -    Act on Migration. Deadline for d rawing up the Bill – March 31, 2003.

The Act on Migration will provide for the establishment of a National Migrat ion Serv ice, which will be
responsible for the permit regime and control over the residence of foreigners in the Republic of
Bulgaria and the issuance of foreigners’ identity papers.

The amend ments and supplements to the Foreigners in the Republic of Bu lgaria Act were
preconditioned by the need of comprehensive regulation of all relationships related to entry, residence
and leave of the Republic of Bulgaria by foreigners in the way in which these relations have currently
been provisioned by the acquis, making the necessary distinction between citizens of the EU Member-
States and foreign nationals of third countries.

Bulgaria is aware and in the process of harmonizat ion of its national legislation with the acquis it will
closely follow the developments under way to amend the acquis in the field of free movement and
residence rights so that to transpose them by the time of accession or even earlier.

The timetable of acquis transposition is given in Annex 1.
2.3 Right to vote
Bulgaria is fully aware and has taken measures for transposition of the acquis in the sphere of the right
to vote especially the Council Direct ive 93/109/EC of 6 December 1993 laying down detailed
arrangements for the exercise of the right to vote and stand as a candidate in elections to the European
Parliament for cit izens of the Union residing in a Member State of which they are not nationals as well
as Council Directive 94/80/ EC of 19 December 1994 laying down detaile d arrangements for the
exercise of the right to vote and to stand as a candidate in municipal elect ions by citizens of the Union
residing in a Member State of which they are not nationals. The following measures have been
undertaken:
-   -    Regarding Council Direct ive 93/ 109/ EC of 6 December 1993 - a special law regard ing the
    voting for European Parliament which has to transpose Council Directive 93/ 109/ ЕС will be
    elaborated by the end of 2003.
-   -    Regarding Council Direct ive 94/ 80/ EC of 19 December 1994 – amend ment of the existing
    Local Election Act and especially Art. 3 and Art. 4 regulating the active and passive legislation by
    the end of 2003, preceded by the necessary amendments in the Constitution of the Republic of
    Bulgaria (Art. 42).
The adoption of this special law requires amend ments in the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria
related to the possibility of Bu lgarian citizens to vote and stand as candidates in elections to the
European Parliament as well as providing this right to citizens of EU Member-States temporarily
residing on the territory of Bulgaria (Art. 42 o f the Constitution of the Republic of Bu lgaria). A
working group has performed analysis and elaborated proposals for the amendment of the Constitution
of the Republic of Bulgaria – some of the include entry of the concept “citizen of the EU”, the direct,
ruling and universal effect of the EC law etc. The timetable of acquis transposition is given in Annex 1.

3. FREEDOM OF MOVEMENT FOR WORKERS

Regarding Regulation 1612/68/EC and the national legislation of the Republic of Bulgari a:

Bulgaria will ensure that, by accession, there will be no provisions in its internal legal order in conflict
with Regulation (EEC) 1612/68, other than those permitted or required under the t erms of the
Accession Treaty.

Under the Constitution (Art. 5) any international instruments, which have been ratified by the
constitutionally established procedure, promulgated and having come into force with respect to the
Republic of Bulgaria, shall be considered part of the domestic legislation of the country. They shall
supersede any domestic legislat ion stipulating otherwise. This will be the case with the EU Accession
agreement in the future. In this sense Regulation (EEC) 1612/68 will be immediately part of Bulgarian
legislation after accession. But even at this stage Bulgaria have established the necessary legislative
frame for the implementing the requirements of the Regulation (EEC) 1612/68, as follows:

        Regarding Part I of Chapter I “Eligibility for employment”

- Right to take up an activity as an employed person;
- Exchanging applicat ions for and offers of employ ment, without any discrimination resulting
wherefro m;
- Applying no provisions which are keeping nationals of Member States away from the employ ment
offered and restricting by number or percentage the employment of foreign nationals in the
undertaking;
- Registration with employ ment offices and receiving the same assistance as Bulgarian nationals
seeking emp loyment, etc.

Currently all foreign citizens who are willing to be employed under labour contract on the territory of
the Republic of Bulgaria are required to obtain work permit. The work permit regime does not include
foreign cit izens permanently residing in the Republic of Bu lgaria or who have obtained the right of
territorial asylum or refugee status. Even at this stage when EU citizens have resided with in the country
without interruption for the last five years, they will not need work permit . After accession when EU
migrant wo rkers will be entit led to a 5-year residence permit they will not need a work permit.

The measures for admission to the labour market, which Bulgaria will apply to nationals of the present
and the new Member-States will be in full correspondence with the measures which the respective
present or new Member State has applied to Bulgarian nationals up to Bulgaria’s accession to the EU
and during the transitional period. However, nationals of a current Member -State who are legally
already working in Bu lgaria at the date of accession just like Bulgarians legally working in the current
Member-State at the time of accession they will be immed iately entitled to equal treatment, no work
permits will be required, and Regulation 1408/71 will apply to them.

Provided that during the transitional period any of the Member States ceases to apply work permit
regime towards Bulgaria, Bu lgaria will correspondingly waive its work permit requirements for the
nationals of the respective country in a bilateral intergovernmen tal agreement signed to this effect.

The Emp loyment Pro motion Act (Art. 18) provides after concluding a respective international
agreement, to which the Republic of Bulgaria is a party, to be entitled the rights and obligations - equal
to those of Bulgarian citizens, actively looking for jobs, including registration with employ ment offices
and receiving the same assistance there as the Bulgarian nationals.

Bulgaria is aware of the distinction between the situation during the transitional period (when Bu lgaria
will be allo wed to impose work permits on EU nationals from a current Member-State, wh ich imposes
work permits on Bulgarians) and the general Commun ity provisions on free movement of workers (I.e.
no work permits). Since the Regulation (EEC) 1612/ 68 will be not fully applied to the Bulgarian
citizens during the transitional period, Bulgaria considers to use the mentioned above flexible
legislation frame in order to respond adequately to the future willingness of one or more EU Member-
States to give access to their labour markets during the transitional period for Bulgarian cit izens by
giving access to its labour market for the cit izens of that Member-State/s.

There are certain provisions in the newly adopted Emp loyment Pro motion Act included with th e
purpose of allowing the direct implementation of Regulation 1612/68 upon Bulgaria’s accession to the
EU: these concern the revocation of the work permit reg ime and the access to equal treatment when
applying for and being hired to work as well as ad mission to registration at the territorial d ivisions of
the Employ ment Agency and the ensuing use of all services offered: informat ion, consultation, broker
emp loyment services, etc.

Art. 70, Par. 3 of the Emp loy ment Pro motion Act reads that citizens of cert ain countries may be
released from work permit regime after concluding a respective international agreement
(bilateral/ mu ltilateral) to which Republic of Bulgaria is a party. In this sense the Bulgarian legislat ion
makes it possible negotiating the removal of the work permit reg ime for cit izens of EU Member-States
at any moment before or after EU accession (during the transition period proposed by the European
Union). The EU Accession Treaty in the future will be also an international mu ltilateral agreemen t.
            Regarding Part II of Chapter I “Employment and equality of treatment”
In respect to any conditions of employ ment and work, in particular regarding:
- Remuneration, dis missal, and in case of unemploy ment - reinstatement or re-emp loyment;
- The same social and tax advantages as national workers;
- Access to training in vocational schools and retraining centers;
- Equality of treat ment as regards membership of trade unions;
- The right of elig ibility fo r workers' representative bodies in the undertaking;
- Housing, including ownership of the housing he needs, etc.
The Constitution of the Republic of Bu lgaria and its national leg islation are based on the principle of
non-discrimination as provided by article 6 of the Constitution. The rights stipulate d in the legislation
do not refer to certain groups based on a certain characteristic, but to all citizens under the jurisdiction
of the country. It means that the Bulgarian leg islation recognizes the individual rights and freedoms of
all persons without any restrictions based on nationality, ethnic origin, race, sex, religion, education,
political and other affiliat ion, personal, public or property status.
The Emp loyment Pro motion Act – Art. 2 provides for: “While exercising the rights and obligations
under this Law, no direct or indirect discrimination and privileges or restrictions based on nationality,
origin, gender, sexual orientation, race, color of the skin, age, polit ical and religious convictions,
affiliation to trade unions and other non-governmental organizations and movements, marital status,
social and financial condition and physical and mental handicaps shall be allowed.”
Legally employed foreign citizens in the Republic of Bulgaria have equal rights as the Bulgarian
citizens regarding working conditions, remuneration, d ismissal etc.
There are certain provisions in the newly adopted Emp loy ment Promot ion Act laid down with the
purpose of allowing the direct implementation of Regulation 1612/68 upon Bulgaria’s actual accession
to the EU in this field : these are related to the revocation of the work permit regime and the access to
equal treatment when applying fo r and being hired to wo rk as well as ad mission to registration at the
territorial divisions of the Employ ment Agency and the ensuing use o f all services offered: in formation,
consultation, job placement services, etc.
Foreign workers have the same tax obligations and social advantages at their work place as those of
Bulgarian workers. Bulgaria is aware that the concept of “social advantage ” under Art. 7 (2) of
Regulation 1612/68 is much wider than that, and applies to “all advantages, whether or not linked to
the contract of employ ment, which are generally granted to national workers primarily because of their
objective status as workers or by virtue of their residence, and whose extension to workers of other
Member-States is likely to facilitate their mob ility within the Co mmunity”.
The labour and social security relations of foreigners employed on the territory of the country by local
emp loyers are regulated under the provisions of the Bulgarian labour and social security legislation.
Currently, foreigners can be registered in the territorial Labour Offices of the Emp loy ment Agency
(EA) (having the status of an executive agency) if they are permanently residing or have obtained
territorial asylum or refugee status.
Foreigners are entitled under certain legislat ive provisions to acquire rental right, building right and
other possession rights. There will be no post-accession restrictions regarding the above rights.
There are no prohibitions and limits for migrant-workers to participate in trade unions in order to
protect their rights in the field of labour and social security.
Bulgarian legislat ion envisages legal opportunities for foreigners to establish non-profit legal entities
such as associations, foundations, unions, clubs, etc. in order to support the social integration, personal
development, human rights, environment, development and recognition of spiritual values, education,
culture and civil society
As regards the right of education and training the Bulgarian legislat ion provides opportunities for
education and training for foreign citizens in the Bulgarian schools both in the country and abroad
The Employ ment Pro motion Act provides for foreigners who have permits to permanently reside in the
Republic of Bu lgaria or equal to these rights through granted territorial asylum or refugee status and
having the right to work according to the existing legislation as well as in cases stipula ted by an
international agreement to which the Republic of Bulgaria is a party, to be entitled the rights and
obligations equal to those of Bulgarian citizens actively looking for jobs. As a result of this new
provision citizens of EU Member State/s will have the above-mentioned rights after concluding of the
respective bilateral/ mu ltilateral agreement.
            Regarding Part III of Chapter I” Workers’ families”
- The family members shall have the right to install themselves with a migrant -worker who is a national
of one Member State and who is employed on the territory of another Member State.
- Under the Foreigners in the Republic of Bu lgaria Act family members are spouses and their children
who are not of age. In the same Act - Art. 24 reads that a permission for long stay can receive also
foreign nationals who are pension insured and have ensured home, maintenance, obligatory insurances.
- For this purposes the migrant-worker must have available for his family housing considered as normal
for national workers
- The family members shall have the right to take up any activity as an employed person
- The children of a national of a Member State shall be admitted to the general educational,
apprenticeship and vocational training courses, etc.
Under the provisions of the current Bulgarian legislation the families of migrant-wo rkers are entitled to
long-term residence in the Republic of Bulgaria equal to the term of the worker’s residence. This right
was introduced by the amendments of the Act on Foreigners in the Republic of Bulgaria (April 2001).
A new Ordinance on Work Permits for Foreigners was adopted in April 2002. It provides for direct
access of members of workers’ families to the labour market.
Foreigners are entitled under certain legislat ive provisions to acquire rental right, building right and
other possession rights. There will be no post-accession restrictions regarding the above rights.
As regards the right of education and training the Bulgarian legislat ion provides opportunities for
education and training for foreign cit izens in the Bulgarian schools (free of charge for permanently
residing foreign citizens, foreign citizens enrolled by Council of Ministers Decree, foreign citizens
enrolled by intergovern mental agreements and paid for the rest of the foreign cit izens).
The enrolment of permanently residing foreign citizens in the Universities of the Republic of Bulgaria
is regulated by the legislation. The terms and conditions for enrolment and education of foreign
citizens for obtaining PhD decree are regulated under inter-governmental agreements on education,
culture and science exchange.

        Regarding Part I of Chapter II “Co-operation between the EU Member-States and
         Commission”

There are no legal obstacles for implement ing co-operation between the Republic of Bulgaria and the
EU Member-States or between the Republic of Bulgaria and the Commission in the field of
emp loyment and unemp loyment research as well as for regular exchange of information on the liv ing
standards, working conditions and labour market situation.
The Emp loy ment Agency has specialized units for analyses and prognoses of the labour market, as
well as for M igration and European Integration. One of the priorities on free movement of workers is
the gradual establishment of a respective mechanis m for such co-operation. A special art icle (Art. 68)
in the Emp loy ment Pro motion Act (in force since 01.01.2002) regulates that the Employ ment Agency
shall maintain cooperative relations with the public employ ment services of other states, responsible
for the recru it ment of foreign workers, through informat ion exchange on:
- The national labour leg islation and the laws relevant to the recruitment of foreign workers;
- Bulgarian nationals employed within the territory of the corresponding state and nationals of that
respective state employed in the Republic of Bu lgaria;
- The ascertained violations of employ ment terms and conditions;
- The ascertained cases of illegal work of Bulgarian nationals within the territory of the respective
country as well as the respective country’s nationals in the Republic of Bulgaria.
            Regarding Part II of Chapter II “Mechanism for job placement mediation service”
Currently Bu lgaria is ready to start implement ing a mechanism for mediation service by t he
Emp loy ment Agency and its 130 branches in the country, but the respective arrangements with EU
Member-State/s is required. As mentioned above, the Bulgarian legislation provides for removal of any
permission regime after concluding international bilateral or multilateral agreement, so workers fro m
the country, which is party to such an agreement be entitled the same rights and obligations as the
Bulgarian citizens.
Regarding the rest of the parts of Chapter II as well as Chapters III and IV of Regulation 1612/68/ EEC
dealing with structural matters, Bu lgarian legislation sets no obstacles to their implementation.

        Regarding non-introduction of less favorable measures

The Republic of Bulgaria has taken the commit ment on the basis of bilateral/ multilateral agreements to
liberalize its legislation in this sphere in the pre-accession period not to introduce less favorable
measures for citizens of the EU Member-States than the existing ones and to take the necessary steps to
liberalize its legislation in that field on the basis of bilateral and mult ilateral agreements even in the
pre-accession period.

Under the transitional and final provisions of the Act on Emp loyment Pro motion the Foreigners in the
Republic of Bu lgaria Act has been amended and supplemented. By their virtue citizens of the EU
Member-States are excluded fro m the licensing regime of practicing independent economic activ ities in
the Republic of Bu lgaria.

            Regardi ng the question raised by the EU for achievi ng full compliance wi th
         Directi ve 68/360/EEC and Regul ation (EEC) 1251/70

It should be pointed out that with respect to the right of residence the full co mpliance of Bu lgarian
legislation with the above mentioned acquis will be achieved by the envisaged amend ment and
supplement to the Foreigners in the Republic of Bulgaria Act and the adoption of secondary legislation
in accordance with the submitted timetable (Annex 1).

With respect to p.2 of Art.4 of Regulat ion 1251/70/ EEC and Art.7 of Directive 68/ 360/ EEC as far as
the issue raised concerns the registered in the Labour Offices periods of unemployment for a g iven
person there are no obstacles these periods to be confirmed by the territorial bureaus of the Executive
Emp loy ment Agency.

            Reg arding the measures Bulgaria is taking in order to regulate and control the
         labour migration as well as its view on the trans border mobility in i mplementing the
         acquis

- Measures taken by the Government of the Republic of Bu lgaria for labour migration management of
permanent nature and targeted towards the implementation of a complex approach in the labour
migrat ion management and enhancement of the national legislat ion and policy:
             o o        Current analysis of the state and tendencies of labour migration flo ws
                 development and of the factors generating labour migration and on this basis
                 elaboration of political decisions for labour migrat ion management;
             o o Investigation of migration legislat ions, best practices as a basis for enhancement
                 of the national mig ration policy;
             o o       Active part icipation in the international cooperation targeted towards labour
                 migrat ion management – introduction of the international and European standards in
                 legislation and their imp lementation.

- Measures undertaken with regard to the labour emig ration aimed to – establishment of preconditions
for develop ment of short-term labour emigrat ion, of favorable conditions for realization of the labour
force in the country and return of labour emigrants in Bulgaria and prevention and fight with the illegal
traffic of people and illegal emigration:
              o o With respect labour immigrat ion – restrictive regime of access to the territory of
                   the country and to the labour market of third country nationals; equal treatment of
                   migrant-workers; fight with the illegal immigration.
              o o W ith respect to EU cit izens – aimed towards full harmon izat ion of the national
                   legislation with the acquis and elaboration of mechanisms and ad min istrative
                   capacity for its imp lementation.

- Legislative measures – Employ ment Pro motion Act; Ordinance on the terms and conditions on
med iation activity for job placement of Bulgarian cit izens; international agreements – for employ ment
and readmissions
- Po lit ical measures
                o o In the sphere of economy – economic stability and growth, attraction of foreign
                    investments, SME develop ment.
                o o       In the sphere of labour and social policy – employ ment pro motion and
                    assistance of vulnerable groups of the population (incl. Ro ma, long-term
                    unemploy ment etc.).

The efforts of the Govern ment are directed towards intensification of the process of concluding
bilateral agreements with EU Member-States and candidate countries on sending or mutual exchan ge
of labour. For this purpose the aim is to establish closer contacts between the Bulgarian and EU
Member-States employ ment institutions. The Republic of Bu lgaria would like to expand this approach
of concluding bilateral ag reements with EU Member -States by covering agreements between districts,
municipalities or border areas.
Currently the Republic of Bulgaria has taken the necessary efforts in this by itself bilateral process.
Negotiations between the Republic of Bu lgaria and the Portugal Republic were carried out for signing
an Agreement on mutual employ ment of cit izens of both countries; negotiations are envisaged to start
with the Kingdom of Spain. Meetings with British experts are envisaged by the end of 2002 for
discussing possibilities for hiring Bu lgarian medical specialists in the Kingdom of Great Britain and
Northern Ireland. The Republic of Bulgaria has expressed its desire to conclude a new agreement on
exchange of labour force with Greece as well.

On the other hand, Bulgaria is implementing a successful policy on concluding readmission
agreements. Such agreements are signed with all EU Member -States except the Kingdom of Great
Britain and Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic but negotiations are currently being conducted.

The data provided by the National Statistical Institute on the census of the population for the period of
04.12.1992 - 01.03.2001 indicates that Bulgarian population has decreased with approximately 510
000 persons, as two thirds of the decrease is due to the greater death rate compared to the birth rate and
one third is a result of fo reign migration. This one third is co mposed of Bulgarians who have left the
country for various reasons including employ ment.

Bulgaria proposes the introduction of a unified definit ion of the term emigrant in accounting to the net
emigration fro m the candidate countries. The Bulgarian National Statistical Institute defines as
emigrant every person who has left the country for more than 12 months (including persons who study
abroad, persons on temporary employ ment, persons visiting members of their families for a longer
period of time etc.). Th is approach will contribute to clearer determination of the real emigrat ion fro m
the different candidate countries.

According to data of the Border Po lice Nat ional Service the average daily nu mber of Bulgarian citizens
who crossed the border with Greece in 2001 were 1171 people. These Bulgarian citizens were traveling
for tourism, education in Greece, private or business visits, freight transportation , or, were people
working under temporary employ ment contracts.
Bulgaria would like to be regularly informed by the Member States about the number of Bu lgarian
nationals, working on their territory under emp loyment contracts or engaged in activities as self-
emp loyed persons.
A special article (Art. 68) in the Emp loyment Pro motion Act (in force since 01.01.2002) regulates that
the Employ ment Agency will maintain cooperative relations with the public employ ment services of
other states, responsible for the recru it ment of foreign wo rkers, through information exchange on:
-   -    The national labour leg islation and the laws relevant to the recruitment of alien workers;
-   -     Bu lgarian nationals emp loyed within the territory of the corresponding state a nd nationals of
    that respective state employed in the Republic of Bulgaria;
-   -    The ascertained violations of the terms and conditions for employ ment;
-   -    The ascertained cases of illegal work of Bu lgarian nationals within the territory of th e
    respective country as well as the respective country’s nationals in the Republic of Bulgaria.

In the context of the abovementioned and the data provided herewith on Bulgarian citizens working
under bilateral agreements, Bulgaria doesn’t expect significant flo w of labour out of the country and
considers labour migrat ion and transborder mobility, which should result by the imp lementation of the
acquis as normal. In confirmation of this statement, an excerpt of the survey of the National Statistical
Institute concerning the aptitude of Bulgarian citizens to emigrate and search for employ ment outside
Bulgaria is enclosed (Annex 2).

        Regarding the requested i nformation for Bulgarian citizens, who worked in 2001 on the
         territory of the Member -States by virtue of bilateral agreements:
-   -      Intergovernmental agreement with the Federal Republic of Germany concerning workers
    fro m Bu lgarian undertakings for imp lementation of emp loyment contracts – signed on 13.03.1991
-   -    In 2001 1544 workers fro m Bulgarian enterprises worked average monthly.
-   -     Intergovernmental agreement with the Federal Republic of Germany concerning employ ment
    of workers for enhancement of their professional and linguistic knowledge, signed on 04.02.1992.
    In 2001 595 Bulgarian cit izens received employ ment contracts
-   -    Agreement for mediation of Bulgarian workers for periodic employ ment in the field of hotel
    and restaurant business in the Federal Republic of Germany – signed on 15.09.1999. In 2001 1266
    Bulgarian citizens received employ ment contracts in the Federal Republic of Germany.


The practice shows that after expiring of the term of the employ ment contracts in the Federal Republic
of Germany the Bulgarian workers return back to the territory of Bulgaria.

            Regardi ng the requested informati on on EU citizens who have recei ved permissions
         for work in Bulgaria /01.09.1994 - 30.09.2001/:
Bulgaria does not expect significant flow of labour to its territory. Herewith data on work permits
issued for the period 01.09.1994 г. till 31.01.2002 г. is given. The total amount of work permits for the
period is 2233, out of which 837 are related to continuation of work permits. The greatest number of
work permits has been issued for citizens of the USA.
Up to 22.02.2002 citizens fro m the following Member States have permissions for work in the territory
of Bu lgaria:

        1.    1.    Greece          26
        2.    2.    Italy           20
        3.    3.    Germany                   17
        4.    4.    France          2
        5.    5.    Belg iu m                 3
        6.    6.    Great Britain             7
        7.    7.    Portugal                  5
        8.    8.    Austria         3
        9.    9.    The Netherlands 1
    Total:         84 people
Citizens of Den mark, Ireland, Spain, Lu xemburg, Sweden and Finland do not work at the mo ment.

Regarding Regulation (EEC) 1612/68 and the nati onal legislation of the Repu blic of B ulgaria
The current Bulgarian legislation does not provide limitations for foreigners to occupy positions in the
public sector except for those, which require Bulgarian citizenship e.g. the president and vice -president
of the Republic of Bulgaria, the chairperson of the National Assembly, deputies, members of the
Central Election Co mmission, members of the Constitutional Court, counselors and majors, civil
servants, officers and sergeants, judges, prosecutors and investigators.

The Republic of Bulgaria states its readiness to apply the decisions of the European Court of Justice
with respect to emp loyment in the public sector as from he date of accession to the EU.
            Regardi ng the emphasis put by the EU on the necessity of social and cultur al
         integrati on of migrant workers and their families in the recei ving countries
It should be noted that the Bulgarian govern ment conducts coherent policy of social and cultural
integration of the legally residing on the territory of the country migrant -workers and members of their
families.
The Constitution of the Republic of Bu lgaria and its national leg islation are based on the principle of
non-discrimination as provided by article 6 of the Constitution. The rights stipulated in the legislation
do not refer to certain groups based on a certain characteristic, but to all citizens under the jurisdiction
of the country. It means that Bulgarian leg islation recognizes the individual rights and freedoms of all
persons without any restrictions based on nationality, ethnic origin, race, sex, relig ion, education,
political and other affiliat ion, personal, public or property status.
-   -     As regards health care, foreign citizens have equal rights to Bulgarian citizens. Foreign
    citizens granted long-term residence on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria are insured for
    social security and receive the same medical t reatment as Bu lgarian cit izens.
-   -    Fo reign citizens who are residing for a short period of time on the territory of the Republic of
    Bulgaria and are not insured under the Act on Health Insurance pay the value of the received
    med ical service. They may receive medical treat ment in all of the health care institutions in the
    country.
-   -    Medical treatment of citizens of countries with wh ich the Republic of Bu lgaria has concluded
    Agreements on co-operation in the field of health care is conducted under the provisions of these
    agreements.
-   -   Foreign cit izens have access to the voluntary health insurance in comp liance under the Act
    on Health Insurance.
-   -      As regards the right of education and training the Bulgarian legislation provides
    opportunities for education and training for foreign citizens in the Bulgarian schools both in the
    country and abroad (free of charge for permanently residing foreign citizens, foreign citizens
    enrolled by Council o f M inisters Decree, foreign citizens enrolled by intergovernmental
    agreements and paid for the rest of the foreign citizens).
-   -    The enrolment of permanently residing foreign citizens in the Universities of the Republic of
    Bulgaria is regulated by the legislation. The terms and conditions for enrolment and education of
    foreign citizens for obtaining PhD decree are regulated under inter-governmental agreements on
    education, culture and science exchange.
-   -     Foreigners are entitled under certain legislative provisions to acquire rental right, building
    right and other possession rights. There will be no post-restriction regarding these rights.
-   -    There are no prohibit ions and limits for migrant-workers to participate in trade unions in
    order to protect their rights in the field of labour and social security.
-   -     Bu lgarian leg islation envisages legal opportunities for foreigners to establish non -profit legal
    entities such as associations, foundations, unions, clubs, etc. in order to support the social
    integration, personal development, human rights, environment, development and recognition of
    spirit values, education, culture and civil society

        Regarding the gr adual li beralization of the freedom of movement for workers

The Republic of Bulgaria accepts the transitional arrangements proposed by the European Union, and
taking into consideration the opportunity offered by the EU, as regards the access to the labo ur market
Bulgaria may apply to nationals of current and future Member-States (except for Cyprus and Malta)
national measures equivalent to the national measures applied by the respective Member -State on the
basis of reciprocity in the context of these arrangements.

The Republic of Bulgaria accepts that in the context of the freedom of movement for wo rkers there will
be no global transitional arrangements in relation to any provision of services (self employed with a
genuine legal status, service providers etc.), nor for any other category of persons. On the other hand,
the Republic of Bulgaria takes note that Austria and Germany may, after notifying the Commission,
apply flanking national measures to address serious disturbances or threat thereof, in spec ific service
sectors on their labour markets, which could arise in certain reg ions from cross -border provision of
services. The Republic of Bulgaria accepts the opportunity a list of services, which could be covered by
the above arrangements to be elaborated and annexed to the future Accession Treaty.

        Regarding the li beralizati on of the legislation in the fiel d of employment

The Republic of Bulgaria has already envisaged in its legislation on freedom of movement for workers
with respect to the conclusion of bilateral/ mu ltilateral agreements with EU Member State/States and
EEA provisions regulating the possibility for both contracting parties to remove the work permission
regime as well as cit izens of the contracting party to be entitled the same rights and obligations as the
Bulgarian cit izens in that field. Th is could be possibly achieved in the pre -accession period as well as
during the transitional arrangements proposed in the EU Co mmon position.

The Republic of Bu lgaria accepts the position of the EU that the Member-States and the Republic of
Bulgaria will strive to liberalize, under national law, the access to their labour markets for each other’s
nationals already before accession.
3.1 3.1 EURES
Bulgaria has undertaken the necessary measures to prepare for preparation in the EURES Network. A
Technical Working Group for the establishment of the EURES network throughout the country has
been set up at the Emp loyment Agency; the group has elaborated a schedule for the gradual
administrative and technical capacity building needed for the inclusion of Bulgaria in the EURES
network. All functional activities will be performed by the Migration and European Integration Unit of
the Emp loyment Agency.
A selection procedure for Euroadvisers will be held upon reception of invitation for the accession of
Bulgaria to EURES and setting up the date for its future inclusion in the network.
At present, Bulgaria needs to get acquainted in detail with all institutional, administrative and technical
requirements for participation in the EURES network, as well as with the requirements regarding the
future Euroadvisers and the established rules for their selection and employ ment. А suitable twinning
project with a public emp loy ment service in a particular Member State will be of considerable help in
our country’s preparation for joining EURES.
The measures have been directed towards legislative, organizational and ad ministrative/technical
issues:

Legislative measures:

The Emp loy ment Pro motion Ac (EPA) was adopted (in force as of 1 January 2002):
- Art 27 of the EPA - the Emp loy ment Agency provides for job mediat ion services free of charge when
hiring Bulgarian cit izens abroad and foreigners in the country under international agreements, to which
the Republic of Bu lgaria is a party.
- Art. 68 regulates that the Employ ment Agency maintains cooperative relations with the public
emp loyment services of other states, responsible for the recruitment of foreign workers, through
informat ion exchange on - the national labour legislation and the laws relevant to the recruitment of
foreigners; Bulgarian nationals emp loyed within the territory of the correspond ing state and nationals
of that respective state employed in the Republic of Bulgaria.
Rules for the activities of the Emp loy ment Agency were adopted by the Council of Ministers in March
2002. Pursuant to Art. 18, the Emp loyment Agency shall provide med iat ion services in the frame of
EURES network.

Organizational Measures
To achieve a participation in proportion to the country’s size it will be sufficient for the Emp loy ment
Agency to guarantee the establishment of EURES centers throughout the country – one in each of the
Regional Employ ment Agencies and one coordination center at the Emp loyment Agency’s Head Office
- (the public employ ment services of the rest of the network members, as well as the structures
responsible for its functioning within the EU).

The Emp loyment Agency has planned to hold a selection procedure for the employ ment of the
Euroadvisers, the majo r requirements before the applicants being: higher education; proficiency in the
official EU languages; a professional background in the activities performed by the employ ment
services on the labour market; considerable computer literacy (in WORD, EXCEL, Internet
applications).
Another task for Bulgaria to perform is making availab le a certain part of the job vacancies registered
at the Employ ment Agency’s system. The Labour Offices will have to make available a particular
percentage of the job vacancies registered by them.

Technical Measures

One of the basic preconditions for the Euroadvisers’ successful work is their access to the informa t ion
system of the particular emp loy ment service with which they interact. Up to now, the Emp loy ment
Agency (EA) has not maintained a national database on the registered job seekers and the available job
vacancies. However, at a local level, each of the 122 Labour Offices throughout the country has such a
database. Since there is computer connection to the Internet at each Labour Office, the transmission of
informat ion (job vacancies, CV’s of the people interested) to the EURES database is possible to be
achieved. The mechanism for d irect ing those job vacancies and CV’s is still to be made clear – whether
it will be carried out in a dialogue mode by the labour mediators at the local offices or via file transfer
or e-mail to the Euroadvisers from the relevant region. Due to the fact that all software used for labour
market servicing in the system of EA has been developed and is being maintained by a specialized unit
(the Informat ion and Communication Technologies Department at EA’s Head Office), the
implementation of that particular technology will not present any problems.

EA is also maintain ing a web site, containing four thematic sections, three of which are static
(informational) and the fourth is interactive – data about job vacancies and job seekers in two modes
are being published in this section: by the Labour Offices and directly by the web site visitors. One of
the informational sections is entitled International Exchange. Two mo re subsections should be
developed within the latter to meet the standard practice of the emp loyment services – members of
EURES:
-    -    An informat ional subsection containing informat ion needed by the nationals of EU, Norway
     and Iceland who wish reside in Bu lgaria: the terms of residence in the country, the conditions of
     work, vocational training, recognition of diplo mas and qualifications, the tax and social security
     provisions, health care, etc.;
-        -    An interactive subsection allowing publicat ion of job vacancies and job seekers fro m within
         the EURES system as well as search options according to definite criteria.

The two new subsections should be developed in Bulgarian, English and one of the other EU o fficial
languages (German o r French). To realize this task we will need EU assistance in the following
aspects:
-   -     To make the standards this sections of the web site should meet as clear as possible with the
    help of EURES experts, and, consequently, prepare detailed technical requirements necessary for
    their implementation;
-   -     To provide financial assistance for these sections’ development.

The Euroadvisers may receive equipment and specific software through EU support. EA will make the
access to the Internet of the above hardware and software possible. It is necessary to specify the
technical characteristics, the quantities, the terms and manner of delivery of this equipment together
with the co mpetent EURES representatives.

Bulgaria is aware that a new legal basis is being developed for EURES and also that a new database
system is being installed. Bulgaria will await the development of this database before making
investment decisions.
The prospective Euroadvisers’ training (theoretical knowledge and practical exchange) should be
focused on two major d irections:

Basic training

-        -     Acquaintance with the legal provisions of the Member States in the field of freedo m of
         movement for workers, in particular the legal instruments treating employ ment of foreigners in the
         Member-States and foreign citizens in the Republic of Bulgaria (EU cit izens as well as third-
         country nationals). Acquaintance with the liv ing and working conditions in the EU states, as well
         as other topics related to the imp lementation of activit ies
-        -    Acquaintance with the automated system used by EURES members, as well as its working
         procedures and organization and specific forms in use with in the network

Additional training – social legislation, tariffs and taxes, recognition of qualification and other specific
fields.

To respond to future improvements of the EURES network, Euroadvisers will need further continuous
training as well.

Bulgaria is aware that training of advisors will be done by the Commission and will await to be asked
to make a pre -selection at the appropriate time.
Herewith is presented a timetable whose concrete term periods should be additionally agreed as per the
competencies with the EU. The number of the main EURES units in the country will be defined in
accordance with the principle structure of the EURES units in the EU Member -States.

                                             Ti metable
for gradual establishment of admi nistrati ve and technical capacity for inclusion of B ulgaria into
                                              EURES


    Stage
              Acti vi ty                      Duration              Executor             Financed by:

    1a        Establishment of a                                    Emp loy ment         Emp loy ment
              Working group (WG) within                             Agency               Agency
              the Employ ment Agency in
              order to found EURES in
              Bulgaria (W G – EURES)
    1b        WG-EURES study of the           3 months              Emp loy ment         Emp loy ment
              institutional, administrative                         Agency               Agency, EU
     and technical requirements
     for participation in EURES
     Network

2a   Job interviews for Euro-           2 months   WG-EURES              Emp loy ment
     advisors                                                            Agency
2b   Train ing for the Euro-            3 months   WG-EURES              EU
     advisors on relevant acquis
     in the sphere of free                         EU         training
     movement        of     persons                institutions
     especially with respect to
     emp loyment of foreigners in
     the Member-States as well
     as on other issues related to
     this activity
2c   Practical train ing for Euro-      1 month    WG – EURES            EU
     advisors to work with
     EURES          Net work       –               EU         training
     acquaintance       with     the               Institutions
     automated system used in
     EURES, procedures and
     work organizat ion, and with
     the specific forms used
     within the above network
3a   Develop ment                 of    3 months   WG – EURES            Emp loy ment
     assignments on 1) data                                              Agency
     exchange       between      the
     emp loyment agency Head
     quarter       and      EURES
     Network; 2) develop ment of
     the Employ ment Agency
     web site in compliance with
     EURES requirements
3b   Interview      for     Internet    1 month    WG-EURES              Emp loy ment
     provider to design EA web                                           Agency
     site.
3c   Design of the Emp loyment          3 months   Internet provider     Emp loy ment
     Agency web site                                                     Agency

                                                                         EU
3d   Provision of data exchange         3 months   Emp loy ment          Emp loy ment
     between the Emp loyment                       Agency                Agency
     Agency headquarter and                        Specialized units
     EURES network                                                       EU

4a   Interview fo r delivering and      2 months   WG-=EURES             Emp loy ment
     installing co mputer facilit ies                                    Agency
     required      for       EURES
     structures                                                          EU
4b   Delivery and installation of       1month     External provider     Emp loy ment
     computer      facilit ies   for                                     Agency
     EURES        structures       in
     Bulgaria                                                            EU
5a   Develop ment and adoption          3 months   WG-EURES              Emp loy ment
     of Rules on the co-operation                                        Agency, EU
     between the Emp loyment                       Emp loy ment
     Agency        and       EURES                 Agency
     network
                                                   EU consultants
    5b        Transitional period      for     6 months              WG-EURES              Emp loy ment
              developing the activities of                                                 Agency, EU
              the Employ ment Agency                                 Emp loy ment
              and EURO-advisors and the                              Agency
              co-operation between them
                                                                     EU consultants
    6         Starting a twinning project      One year (at the      MS, EU                EA, M S/ EU
              with a public emp loyment        same time with the
              service in a particular          abovementioned
              Member State with the            activities)
              following goals:
    6a        Acquaintance with the new                              MS                    EA, M S/ EU
              acquis/legal basis and with
              the new database system.

    6b        Analysis of the status and                             MS, EA                EA, M S/ EU
              adequacy of the existing
              data     base      of      the
              Emp loy ment Agency with
              respect to the new EURES
              database system
    6c        Elaboration of Instruction on                          MS, EA                EA, M S/ EU
              coordination of the activities
              between the EURES centers
              (within and out of the
              country), the Emp loyment
              Agency and the labor offices
    6d        Establishment      of      the                         MS, EA                EA, M S/ EU
              necessary mechanism for
              transmission of information
              (job vacancies, CV’s etc.) to
              the EURES database.


                Regardi ng the supplementary pension rights of empl oyed and self-empl oyed
             persons movi ng within the Community

The acting Co mpulsory Social Security Code (Title II) and the Act on Supplementary Vo luntary
Pension Insurance regulate the establishment and imp lementation of the three-pillar pension system.
The provisions of Directive 98/49/ EC on safeguarding the supplementary pension rights of employed
and self-employed persons moving within the Commun ity will be transposed into the Compulsory
Social Security Code and the Act on Supplementary Voluntary Pension Insurance and into the related
to their imp lementation secondary legislation.

For the purposes of the full transposition of the Directive the following measures and stages are
envisaged:
-        -    Study of the acquis in order to clarify the appropriate measures regarding the solution of this
         problem. Deadline - 2002.
-        -     Consultations with EU experts on the scope and contents of the provisions, envisaged for
         transposition into the national legislat ion. Deadline – 2002.
-        -    Consultations on the approach that should be taken with respect to the transposition of the
         Directive between the Bulgarian institutions and bodies concerned – Ministry of Finance, Ministry
         of Labour and Socia l Policy, National Social Security Institute, employers’ organizat ions and trade
         unions. Deadline – first half of 2003.
-        -     Full transposition of Directive 98/49/ EC by adoption of amend ments and supplements to the
         Co mpulsory Social Security Code and the Act on Supplementary Voluntary Pension Insurance or
         in relation to Art. 5 of the Directive signing intergovernmental agreements with the EU Member-
    States covering the additional pension insurance and trans -border payment of pensions. Deadline –
    second half of 2003.

The fulfillment of the proposed stages creates the necessary conditions for strengthening of the
administrative structures (pension insurance companies, State Agency for Insurance Supervision,
National Social Security Institute, etc.) for imp lementing the Directive after Bulgaria’s accession to the
EU.

The timetable of acquis transposition is given in Annex 1.

4. CO-ORDINATION OF SOCIAL S ECURITY S YSTEMS

Regarding the development of the ad min istrative structures the Republic of Bulgaria confirms that its
administrative structures will be sufficiently developed by the time of accession in order to meet the
requirements for fu ll imp lementation of Regulation 1408/71/ EC and Regulat ion 574/ 72/ EC.

Different public and social security institutions are involved in the preparation for the imp lementation
of the acquis on co-ordination of social security schemes: the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy,
Ministry of Health, National Social Security Institute, Employ ment A gency, National Health Insurance
Fund, National Social Assistance Service and the State Agency for Insurance Supervision with the
Council of M inisters.

A working sub-group on coordination of social security schemes with Working Group 2 “Freedo m of
Movement of Persons” was established in 2001 with the following functions and tasks:
-  -    Analysis of the acquis related to the co-ordination of social security schemes (Regulat ion
   (EEC) 1408/ 71 and its imp lementing Regulation (EEC) 574/72 and their amend ments; Decisions
   of the Admin istrative Co mmission; case law). On the basis of this analysis – comparison of the
   Bulgarian legislation with the acquis is being performed;
-  -    Assessment of the necessary administrative and judicial capacity for applying Regulation
   (EEC) 1408/71 and elaboration of adequate proposals in this regard;
-  -     Provid ing informat ion needed for the theoretical and practical preparation of the
   administrative structures concerned

        Regardi ng the readi ness of the Republic of B ulgaria to assume the obligati ons relating
    to the financial transfers invol ved in co-ordi nation of social security schemes, in particular
    the fi nancial transfers relating to the rei mbursement of health care costs, Bulgaria states as
    follows:

The Republic of Bulgaria is fully aware and confirms that by time of accession it will apply the
respective Regulations on social security coordination and will assume the corresponding obligations.
By that time it will have reached the required level of budget capacity as well as the necessary
administrative capacity to carry out the technical procedures on financial transfers.

In order to reach the necessary level of budget readiness and sufficiency as well as the availability of
trained personnel to perform the technical procedures on the implementation of transfers, legislative
and operative measures have been undertaken. The gradual unification of the share of participation of
the insured persons and employers to the proportion of 50%-50% without increasing the level of health
insurance payments is envisaged as provided by the Health Insurance Act.

The establishment of a Unified State Agency on Takings is among the envisaged mechanisms for
increasing the level of co llect ing of the contributions.

The National Health Insurance Fund which is the responsible institution will be prepared to implement
the respective EU regulations on financial transfers for med ical cares of Bu lgarian health insured
persons residing in EU.

The cited above sub-group on social security coordination with working group 2 “Freedom of
movement of persons” is being elaborating an impact analysis and estimates on the financial
implications of reimbursement of health care costs. The results of the analysis are envisaged to be
available by 2003.
Bulgaria is aware and takes note of the necessity to include provisions regulating health insurance in
the social security agreements between the Republic of Bulgaria and the EU Member -States/ candidate
countries. Bulgaria has already taken measures in this respect.

             Regardi ng the transfer of social security payments relating to awarded pensions
         Bulgaria states its readiness to perform them as it does at present by virtue of signed
         international agreements.

        Regarding the requirements for presenting specific entries in Regulations 1408/71/EC
         and 574/72/EC

The Republic of Bulgaria has elaborated draft proposal for entries to the Annexes of Regulations
1408/71 and 574/72 and is ready to present it at request of the EC for d iscussion in the Admin istrative
Co mmittee for Social Security of M igrant Workers.

The timetable of acquis transposition is given in Annex 1.

Вilateral agreements

The conclusion of international agreements on social security in Bu lgaria started in the 50s of the last
century. Currently there are 11 agreements entered into force between Bulgaria and other countries
including Germany and the Czech Republic. In addition to the above mentioned the agreements with
Slovakia and Ukraine are signed and ratified but still not entered into force. The negotiations on the
draft agreements with Republic of Macedonia, Republic of Cyprus, Confederation of Switzerland,
Kingdom of Netherlands, Yugoslavia and Hungary are in advanced stage of preparation.

The new generation bilateral agreements are in full compliance with the standards and principles of the
acquis in the sphere of coordination of social security schemes. They comprehensively follow:
-   -     The principle of applying only one national legislation;
-   -      The princip le of equal treat ment as a tool for eliminating the direct and indirect
    discrimination on the basis of nationality;
-   -     The principle of preserving the acquired rights and the rights in process of acquiring;
-   -     The principle of proportionality, respectively direct calculation of pensions.

The Agreement on Social Security between the Republic of Bulgaria with the Federal Republic of
Germany was signed on 17 December 1997 and ratified by a Law, adopted by the National Assembly
on 26 March 1998. The Agreement covers the compulsory pension insurance. By virtue of Art. 2, Para.
1, the Agreement shall apply to:
Under the German leg islation
-    -     Insurance in case of accidents in relation to pensions and one-off payments;
-    -     Pension insurance;
-    -     Supplementary insurance for mine workers;
-    -     Old-age benefits for farmers.
Under the Bu lgarian legislation
-    -     Pensions for old-age and insurance periods;
-    -     Invalidity pensions due to general disease, accidents at work and occupational diseases;
-    -     Civ il-invalid ity pensions;
-    -     Surv ivors’ benefits of the above types.
The personal scope of the Agreement includes as follows:
-    -     Cit izens of one of the Contracting Parties;
-    -      Refugees under Article 1 of the Convention on the Status of Refugees, signed at Geneva on
     28 July 1951 and the Protocol of 31 January 1967 г. to the mentioned Convention;
-    -     Stateless persons under Article 1 of the Convention on the Status of Stateless Persons, signed
     in New York on 28 September 1954, as direct ly covered persons;
-    -     Other persons regarding the rights, which they obtain by a citizen of one of the Contracting
     Parties, by a refugee or by a stateless person, as indirectly covered persons;
-    -      Cit izens of another country except of the Contracting Parties, if they do not belong to the
     indirectly covered persons, as citizens of third countries.
The Republic of Bulgaria conducted negotiations on concluding an Agreement on Social Security with
the Kingdom of Spain and reached an agreement to sign it in May 2002.

A Draft Agreement between the Govern ment of the Republic o f Bulgaria and the Govern ment of the
Republic of Portugal on Social Security has been elaborated, as well as a Draft Agreement on Social
Security between the Govern ment of Republic of Bulgaria and the R Greece.

A Draft Agreement between the Republic of Bulgaria and the Kingdom of the Netherlands on the
export of social security benefits was agreed. On request of the Netherlands’ delegation for conducting
the negotiations, only a Draft Agreement on the export of social security benefits sha ll be elaborated at
this stage, because the Dutch legislation does not provide the possibility for fu ll co -ord ination in the
field of social security. Both countries expressed their mutual desire to sign in the near future an
Agreement on full co-ord ination in the field o f social security.

                                               * * *
The Govern ment of the Republic of Bulgaria is proposing that the negotiations on this Chapter to be
temporary closed on the basis of the existing EU leg islation.

Bulgaria is ready to open additional negotiations before the end of the Intergovernmental Conference,
if a necessity for this emerges on account of the adoption of new EU legislation.

List of the Annexes:

    1. Annex 1: Ti me schedule for trans position of the directi ves in Chapter 2 “Freedom of
    movement for workers”
    2. Annex 2: External migration of popul ation

The texts of the Annexes are available at the Directorate for European Integration and International
Relations with the MLSP

* The Additional information was adopted by CM Decree No.248 of 24 April 2002.
Chapter 2 is envisaged to be closed by the end of June 2002.


                                     MLSP – EXCLUS IVE NEWS
Chapter 13 “Social Policy and Employment” was closed in Brussels on 22 April 2002
The negotiating parties stated that Bulgarian legislat ion meets to a great extent the requirements of the
EU Direct ives in the area of labour law. The predominant part of the acquis on health and safety at
work has already been transposed in Bulgarian legislation. The rest of the Directives will be fully
transposed by the end of 2003. An overall refo rm in the social protection sector was carried out
establishing the three-pillar pension system.
The Employ ment Pro motion Act was adopted to support the relevant functioning of the labour market.
The Joint Emp loyment Po licy Rev iew carried out by Bulgaria and the EU will show the real state of
play in that sector.
The Act on Family Allo wances for Children achieves better targeting of allo wances to the needy
people, placing them in relation to the inco me status of the family. It was found that in the social
dialogue sector Bulgaria takes the necessary measures to strengthen the capacity of the social partners.
An Act on Prevention of Discrimination is to be adopted soon in the sectors of equal treatment for
women and men and anti-discrimination. Strengthening the managerial capacity of the MLSP in the
sector of the European Social Fund is planned with the aim to make in due t ime analysis and
assessment of the labour market.
Mi nister of Labour and Social Policy Ms Lydi a Shouleva presents Government’s policy related to
children
On 10 May in New York, at the Sixth Plenary Session of the 27th Special Session of the UN devoted to
children, Min ister Lydia Shouleva said: I’II do my best to make realistic the right of all children to live
in a family ambient. That is one of the priorities set in the Govern ment’s Programme “People Are the
Welfare of Bulgaria”. Eliminat ion of isolation of the disabled children, eradicatio n of poverty, re-
integration and access to education of the children of Ro ma origin are among the rest of priorit ies.
Minister Shouleva stated: We believe that we need to make mo re concerted efforts against the use of
cigarettes and alcohol by children, the drug abuse and the danger of AIDS/HIV, illegal traffic and
violence against children.

Social Security Agreement regul ates relati ons between Bulgaria and Spain
The Minister of Labour and Social Policy Ms Lydia Shouleva has visited Spain for participat ion in the
Conference on Social Security which was organized within the Spanish presidency of the EU.
Meanwhile on 13 May 2002 in Valencia Ms Shouleva and her Spanish colleague have signed a Social
Security Agreement wh ich is the first step before signing an Agreement on Labour Force Exchange
between both countries.

Tri partite Seminar on Wage Policy and Wage Guarantee Funds
“Tripart ite Seminar on Wage Policy Including the Issue of Wage Guarantee Funds: Towards a More
Negotiated Wage Policy in the Republic of Bulgaria” was held on 16-17 May 2002 in Sofia. The
Seminar was organized by the ILO/ CEET in co-operation with the MLSP. The objective was: 1) to
assess the present situation referring to payment in Bulgaria in relation to economic efficiency and
social implication, including he protection of workers’ rights in the context of international and
European practices, and 2) to determine the ways for imp rovement of wage regulation in the country
through social dialogue and setting up of guarantee funds for employees’ protection in case of
emp loyers’ insolvency.

				
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