Downtown Hospitals Parking Plan Task Force

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					    Downtown Hospitals’
       Parking Plan



                PRELIMINARY DRAFT




Prepared in Cooperation with the Downtown Hospital Parking Study Task Force
                  and the Green Bay Planning Department

                                March 2004
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                                                  Table of Contents:
                                                                        Page

                  Mission Statement…………………………………………………….                      3

                  Study Area ……………..………………………………………………                        3

                  Background.………………….…………………………………………                         3

                  Planning Documentation …………….……………………………….                  5

                  Goals………………………………………….…………………………                            5

                  Issues……………………………………………………………………                            6

                  Alternatives……………………………………………………………… 7

                  Tasks to Obtain Goals While Considering
                  Issues and Alternatives……………………………………………….                  8

                  Findings and Recommendations…………………………………….                 9


                  MAPS

                  Map 1 Downtown Hospital Corridor .…………………………..…             3

                  Map 2 Existing Parking Locations ………………………………..             5

                  Appendix

                  Scope of Services

                  TranSmart Technologies Traffic Study………………………………            11


Downtown Hospital Parking Task Force Members:
Bellin Hospital: Paul Vlies, Debbie Thundercloud, David Albrecht
Kathy Fitzpatrick, Nelson Minahan
St. Vincent Hospital: Joe Neidenbach, Bob Bartingale
Ron Metzler, Metzler/Hagar
Dan Dallich, Berners-Schober
Astor Neighborhood Association: John Corpus, Maria Milano, Teppie Schueller
Navarino Neighborhood Association: Deby Dehn, Loren Trick
Astor East River Neighborhood Association: Wes Ebert
Green Bay Planning: Rob Strong, Paul Neumeyer
Alderman Tony Theisen
Department of Public Works: Chris Pirlot
Allison Swanson, Assistant City Attorney




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Mission Statement:
The purpose of the Downtown Hospital Parking Study is to provide guidance in the development
of proactive alternatives and solutions for a safe and efficient parking and access management
system for the downtown hospital corridor and surrounding neighborhoods.

Study Area:
The study area is the established hospital corridor as established in the 1972 East Side Medical
Center Plan and is described as that area south of East Mason Street to Eliza Street and the
half block west of South Clay Street and the east half block of South Jackson Street (see Map
1).

Background:
On March 18, 2003, Alderman Tony Theisen made a request through the City of Green Bay
Common Council to “develop a parking plan for downtown hospitals….” based on
recommendation in the City of Green Bay Comprehensive Plan - Smart Growth 2022 plan.

A task force was created that included volunteers based on their interest in finding a solution to
the parking issues within the corridor. The Task Force includes members from the hospitals,
surrounding medical facilities, and the surrounding neighborhoods. The Task Force began to
meet in May 2003 debating issues, alternatives, and a potential solution to providing a parking
solution acceptable to all. Meeting notes were kept to document the discussions and are on file
in the office of the Green Bay Planning Department.

The main focus of the discussion revolved around parking and how to manage parking as a
whole for the corridor. Individual property owners within the corridor control existing parking.
There is limited shared parking since there is high onsite parking demand It was understood by
the Task Force early on that all of the parking would be provided within the boundaries of the
existing corridor. It was also understood that the existing boundaries of the hospital would not
change.

The main issue that came out of early discussions was the current philosophical difference
between the two major hospitals, Bellin and St. Vincent. Bellin has a successful shuttling
program with some remote site within walking distance to the corridor. St. Vincent has retained
nearly all of its parking onsite with very limited offsite parking.

Prior to the formation of the Task Forcer, St. Vincent Hospital contracted to have a parking
study completed by TranSmart Technologies based out of Madison, Wisconsin. The traffic
study was to evaluate a proposed parking structure between Porlier Street and Eliza over the
existing South Van Buren Street right-of-way. City Planning staff and the City’s traffic engineer
reviewed the parking study. It was recommended by staff to expand the traffic study to study
the true parking and traffic demand on the corridor (see Appendix for scope of services). The
Task Force discussed the expanded scope of services and agreed that the study should be
expanded and should include a more comprehensive evaluation of the corridor as a whole.
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The City of Green Bay entered into a contract with TranSmart Technologies to provide a traffic
study that would address parking for the corridor and its related effect of increased parking in
the corridor for the next 15 years. Funding was provided by the both Bellin and St. Vincent
Hospitals and was escrowed and dispersed by the City to the consultant. The Task Force
evaluated the second traffic study and used it as a basis for some of the findings and
recommendations in this document. The Executive Summary of the traffic study is provided in
the Appendix of this plan. A copy of the full traffic study is on file in the office of the Green Bay
Planning Department.


                     HOSPITAL CORRIDOR PARKING: Supply and Demand

                                               Existing Parking Spaces v. Code
                                                         October 2003
                                                     Existing Parking   Required Parking   Off-Campus
                                                          Onsite           by Code           Parking
                Bellin Campus                               782               699              973
                (Hospital, Medical Arts,
                Doctors’ Park, Hoberg
                House, MRI,
                College of Nursing,
                Boiler Plant)

                St. Vincent Campus                            1547            876           150-200
                (Hospital, Webster
                Clinic)

                Eye and Ear                                       39          39
                Associates
                Manor Care                                        26          26
                Totals:                                       2394           1640          1123-1173


Approximately 944 people are being shuttled daily in/out of the corridor. St. Vincent plans a
ramp expansion for approximately 960 additional spaces. Bellin may consider adding an
additional 300-400 spaces within the corridor in the future. The total possible build-out of
parking may include approximately 3654-3754 spaces (2394+960+(300-400)). Map 2 shows
existing parking locations and the approximate number of spaces.




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                                      General Growth and Change 1972 to 2003



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                                                Bellin and St. Vincent Hospitals

                                                           1972   1983         1993    2003
          St. Vincent
          Adult Beds, staffed
          Medical & Hospital                                517    523          384
          Personnel                                         338   1546         1397
          Volunteers?
          % in-patient
          % out-patient                                           77.3%        40.5%
                                                                  22.7%        59.5%
          Bellin
          Adult Beds, staffed
          Medical & Hospital                                260    242          170
          Personnel                                         216    862         1123
          Volunteers?
          % in-patient
          % out-patient                                           54.0%        45.2%
                                                                  46.1%        54.8%

Planning Documentation:

The original hospital corridor plan was developed in 1972 and updated in 1994. Although the
1994 plan addressed parking, this plan is intended to take a more detailed review of the parking
issues as they have transpired since 1994. This plan is considered an addendum to the 1994
plan.

In May 2003, the Common Council adopted the City of Green Bay Comprehensive Plan - Smart
Growth 2022 plan. Major goals and concepts related to the hospital corridor include:

     The East Side Medical Center (St. Vincent/Bellin Hospital campus) is shown as defined in
      the Area Land Use Plan of 1994 with distinct boundaries that minimize encroachments on
      the surrounding neighborhoods. That plan is intended to address the expansion needs of
      the hospitals through 2015. The issues of hospital expansion, parking needs, and other
      impacts will continue to need study and cooperation.

     The City will continue to work with the four “in-town” medical centers to ensure that these
      businesses remain in Green Bay, that their expansion needs are accommodated, and that
      the long-term interests of the nearby residential neighborhoods are respected.

     The City will encourage the concentration of off-campus expansions of downtown hospitals
      along East Mason Street and will seek to create a medical services district around St. Mary’s
      Hospital.

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
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     The medical centers will be expected to prepare and maintain campus plans that are
      acceptable to the neighborhoods, and the City will intervene as needed to solve problems in
      order to keep those medical centers and their many jobs in place.



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     Encourage major institutions to work closely with affected neighborhoods in resolving
      parking and traffic issues through methods, such as structured parking, parking permit
      programs, remote lots, traffic calming methods, and commuting alternatives for employees.

     Encourage the concentration of off-campus expansions of downtown hospitals along Mason
      Street.

     Work with major institutions within neighborhoods to reduce negative impacts and ensure
      that the institutions’ expansion plans are compatible with neighborhood goals.

     The expansion of major medical or educational institutions can have negative impacts on
      surrounding neighborhoods through expansion of surface parking, spillover parking,
      excessive vehicular traffic, and the loss of housing stock to institutional expansion. The City
      has worked with institutions and neighborhood organizations over the years to resolve some
      of these issues around the St. Vincent, Bellin, and St. Mary’s Hospitals.

Goals:

The Task Force settled on four major goals to address the hospital corridor parking issues:

1. Accommodate expansion needs of hospitals and other medical facilities so these
   businesses remain in Green Bay while the long-term interests of the nearby
   residential neighborhoods are respected.

2. Assess existing and future parking demand (based on land use and employment).

3. Create parking solutions and make parking recommendations that support safe and
   efficient travel through the corridor and the surrounding neighborhoods and meet the
   needs of the institutions and the neighborhood in a comprehensive and coordinated
   manner.

4. Encourage a balance of scale for buildings and aesthetics in the corridor relative to
   the neighborhood.

Issues:

The Task Force identified the following related to the hospital corridor traffic & parking and
related issues:

     Ramp construction inside and outside the corridor must consider concerns related to noise,
      exhaust, lighting, loss of daylight, etc.
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     National Historic District. Consider effect on property values. Buffer between residents and
      the hospitals.




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     Impact on commercial property outside the corridor (i.e., loss of commercial space to the
      East Mason Street parking lots).

     Effect of potential vacation of South Van Buren Street (i.e., neighborhood integrity and
      safety and traffic patterns).

     Security issues related to expanded parking.

     Collaboration by medical facilities in the corridor on parking solutions and recommendations.

     Pedestrian and bicycle safety through the corridor.

     Ramp location that balances medical facilities and related hospital business needs and use
      of corridor space with neighborhood concerns.

     A current difference in parking philosophies between Bellin and St. Vincent (shuttling vs.
      onsite parking).

     Sufficient parking to address demand.

     Consider difficulty of attempting to quantify traffic and parking capacity or saturation.

     Neighborhood concern about traffic volume on neighborhoods, schools, and parks.

     Questions regarding air quality.

Alternatives:

The Task Force developed the following alternatives:

Build ramp as presented by St. Vincent Hospital.
St. Vincent Hospital has proposed a 960 stall-parking ramp over the proposed vacated
South Van Buren Street right-of-way. Ramp site at the southwest corner of Webster and
East Mason Street.
       This site was identified as a potential location for a parking ramp or expanded parking
       site. Few other sites were considered within the corridor due to their proximity to
       neighborhoods and limitations by the size of the sites to full utilization as a parking
       structure. This site provides a balance to St. Vincent Hospital’s ramp on the south side
       of the corridor and would provide additional parking for Bellin Hospital.

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A ramp in the corridor with 1st floor commercial and with parking above.
      Medical uses and hospital-related services could be incorporated on the first floor of a
      proposed ramp. This could offset ramp improvement costs while maximizing spaces.



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            This alternative should continue to be explored and should be considered when the
            hospitals update their facilities plan.

Provide incentives to hospital employees for alternative means of transportation (transit,
walking).
      The transportation section of the Smart Growth 2002 recommends enhancement to
      transit services. The City should work with Green Bay Metro to enhance transit services
      that attract more ridership, particularly among downtown and major industry employees
      (e.g., hospitals) where parking supplies are limited and/or costly to provide.
       Develop an employee-oriented transit pass program.
       Consider providing bike racks in open areas for employee and visitor uses.

            Incentives should be provided to increase public transit use and ride-share programs
            (carpooling) to reduce the use of vehicles.

A parking utility for the corridor.
       Ensure parking management is addressed as a whole and on an individual basis. This
       would take the cooperation of all the entities that control parking in the corridor and turn
       the responsibility over to a third party for management.

Aggregating parking (in and out of the corridor).
      Provides one parking area for a majority of the hospital parking in a near downtown
      location within walking or reasonable shuttle distance of the hospital corridor. This was
      found to be a great desire of the Task Force. .

Encourage more hospital employees to live in the surrounding neighborhood and to walk
or bike to reduce the number of vehicle trips.
There are various strategies that the employers within the Hospital Corridor can utilize to
initiate alternative means for transportation to and from the corridor for those current
future employees. Currently, Neighborhood Housing Services of Green Bay (NHS)
Offers an Employer Assisted Homeownership Program (EAHP), which, seeks to help
employers offer a home ownership benefit to assist employees with initial costs of a
home purchase. A benefit such as a loan, grant, forgivable loan or salary advance which,
would be matched by NHS if the employee were to purchase a home in Green Bay’s
original neighborhoods.
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Adjust shifts as best as possible to reduce traffic and conflicts with school traffic and
peak times.
       This practice is currently being done by the hospitals and should continue to reduce
       conflicts with pedestrians. This is especially important for Aldo Leopold School as it front
       on Eliza Street, a connecting street to the hospital corridor.

Parking cap.
      The cap is intended to establish a level parking within the corridor limits that the traffic
      study would support so that additional parking could be introduced into the corridor



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            without having to do additional traffic analysis. The cap is a gross number of parking
            spaces that would be permitted within the hospital corridor. This number would include
            future expansions for both Bellin Hospital and St. Vincent’s. The cap would comfortably
            allow for the projected parking needs of all parties involved in the Task Force process
            and reduced review for expansion in the corridor.

Modify the street geometry (street design and improvements that include expanded
intersections and light timing).
       This alternative provides physical improvements to the street to better allow traffic flow
       and turning movements while still providing a safe movement for pedestrians. Both
       street geometry and light timing are addressed in the traffic study with specific
       recommendations for various locations within the corridor.


Downtown parking site.
     A number of sites have been identified downtown that would allow for parking during the
     day for the hospitals and complement evening activity in the downtown. A number of
     parking sites have identified as part of the Downtown Design Plan and the City
     Comprehensive Plan, Smart Growth 2022. The sites include would provide partial to full
     capacity parking. The following sites were identified:
                    a. Northeast Corner Washington & Walnut (Nicolet Bank)
                    b. Pine Street ramp
                    c. Northeast corner East Walnut & North Madison (Press-Gazette)
                    d. Northwest corner Crooks and South Adams
                    e. Southeast corner South Adams and Chicago

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Tasks to Obtain Goals While Considering Issues and Alternatives:

The following were used in evaluating the issue and alternatives and in providing the findings
and recommendation of this document.

     Review and analyze revised traffic/parking study.

     Consider supply/demand of parking spaces in conjunction with traffic study.

     Discuss capacity/saturation issues related to traffic study and supply/demand of parking
      spaces.

     Design parking usage in appropriate locations.

     Assess proposed hospital parking alternatives.

     Consider access congestion, pedestrian connections, and other problem areas.




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     Consider changes in signal timing, improved lane markings, improved signage/signalization,
      widening/narrowed intersections, traffic circles/roundabouts.

     Consider potential improvements.

     Consider visual design issues within the corridor.

     Consider buffering/landscaping.

Findings and Recommendations:

Uses:

     The corridor shall not exceed X stalls. Any expansion beyond X stalls shall require review
      and consent of the City Council

     Any medical facility expansion adjacent to the neighborhood shall be done as a Planned
      Unit Development (PUD).             The hospitals shall work closely with the adjacent
      neighborhood(s) to address buffering issues, future aesthetics, and historical .characteristics
      and issues

     Consideration shall be given to the balanced and efficient use of space within corridor.
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     The hospitals shall incorporate parking as an integral element of any future development.

     Both Bellin and St. Vincent Hospital shall consider updating their facilities plans to better
      plan for expanded parking needs.

Design/Buffering:

     The height of any new structure will be negotiated between those in the corridor and the
      neighborhood(s). The height of any structure or the expansion of any structure should be
      referenced to the original 1972 East Side Medical Center plan which had displayed the
      “pyramid” scale that has large, tall building in the central core of the corridor with other
      building sloping down from the “pyramid” down to a residential scale on the outer limits of
      the corridor.

Physical Improvements:

     A task force should be formed that suggests, reviews, and recommends the physical
      improvements in and around the hospital corridor to provide better vehicle flow and
      pedestrian and bike safety while considering the impact on the surrounding neighborhoods.
     Traffic calming techniques shall be incorporated where appropriate to reduce traffic speed
      and provide safe routes of travel for vehicles and pedestrians.

Exterior Circulation and Access:




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     Improve pedestrian circulation for better employee and citizen access to and from the
      hospital corridor by clearly defining pedestrian routes.


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Executive Summary for Traffic study to be
added


Appendix – Scope of Services – to be
added




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