COMiC ReLieF anD
Learning SerieS no. 4
ComiC reLief’S ViSion iS a JuSt WorLd free from PoVerty
Comic Relief does three things. it raises much needed cash, it then allocates that cash to projects here
at home and in the poorest countries in the world and it raises awareness of the issues it feels strongly about.
This booklet is the fourth in a series that aims to bring the impact of some of the work it has funded
in helping change lives, to a wider audience. it is a summary of the findings from a pilot climate change
programme undertaken in 2009/10, to help eight organisations working with some of africa’s poorest
communities, reduce the risk or adapt to the devastating impacts of climate change.
For Comic Relief, the challenge is this: how best eight pilot grants – worth around £580,000 – as an unanticipated outcome, in four cases the This booklet provides some top line outcomes
to support the poorest and most vulnerable were made. The different projects aimed to: work significantly influenced organisational and examples from the projects. The range of
people in today’s world, who face a climate increase understanding and awareness of climate thinking about climate change, such that climate activities has provided Comic Relief with a solid
change ‘triple whammy’: they didn’t cause it, change issues at a community level; to back this change is now a key focus of their work, leading basis on which to now develop a clear strategy
they are most affected by it, and are least able up with solid research; engage civil society to changes in strategy and acting as a catalyst for future engagement in this area.
to afford even simple measures that could help groups, governments and other decision makers for future activity.
protect them from the damaging impacts that and actors with the issues; and strengthen the
are already unavoidable. african voices in climate negotiations. The highly participatory methodology used in
grant making was greatly appreciated, enabling
in order to inform decisions on how best to meet The evaluation was extremely positive. The significantly increased learning and sharing of
this challenge Comic Relief ran a climate change projects enabled research and conversations with resources, both in workshops leading up to
programme during 2009, developing a three- people most affected and led to a very significant Copenhagen, and at the talks themselves.
pronged response: making a limited number of increase in their understanding of the issues. This
international grants supporting climate change in turn reached civil society organisations and Various recommendations are made as to how
mitigation and adaptation; reducing our own leaders through a wide range of workshops and the initiative could be built on – initially within
carbon footprint; and playing a part in meetings. There are many examples of how Comic Relief’s existing grant making
communicating the threat of climate change. these experiences played a key role in influencing programmes, and also developing relationships
local and national decision makers, leading to with other funders. The evaluation report
This booklet sets out the findings from the changes in policy. Project partners played a very recognises the start Comic Relief has made in
programme, based on an external evaluation active role in the Copenhagen climate talks addressing its own carbon footprint and in
and reports from grantees. it focuses on the (though how effective these talks were in their assessing where work in communication might
grant making (while commenting on aspects of support for poor africans, remains in question). be strengthened, and the important role Comic
our own carbon footprint and communications). Relief has played in supporting the ‘10:10’
it is aimed at sharing learning with other Because most of the research involved communities climate change campaign, which encourages
funders, development agencies and grantees to taking action to increase their resilience to everyone to reduce their carbon emissions by
develop best practice in a fast changing world. change, the projects directly resulted in improved 10% a year, starting in 2010.
livelihoods, the planting of many thousands of
trees and other environmental benefits.
The COMiC ReLieF PiLOT
in late 2006 Comic Relief commissioned a piece
of research to better understand climate change
and its potential impact on poor people in the
South. The report confirmed that climate change
is significantly increasing human vulnerability in
many ways and that poor people in the South are
the most severely affected.
The report argued that climate change presents
an overarching threat to all of Comic Relief’s work
because the organisation targets poor people,
who can be the most vulnerable to change.
The uncertainty and speed of climate change,
the report went on, is beyond the experience of
traditional knowledge, leaving poor people ill-
equipped to respond. it was recognised climate
change is not the only determinant to affect
poor people’s livelihoods and ability to survive.
The quality of government services, global aid
and trade policies and other factors are also
critical. But all too often poor people will be more
vulnerable because they have few, if any, assets
to fall back on.
The report outlined some examples of the impact as a result of this report, Comic Relief decided to
that climate change could have on people Comic pilot a programme responding to climate change
Relief supports through its current international with three components: grant making, reducing
grant making programmes: its own carbon footprint, and communicating
climate change to the public.
• People living in urban slums often live in
reclaimed swamps, or areas prone to flooding it was agreed that the focus of the programme
and are therefore vulnerable to extreme would be on making grants. Comic Relief
weather events, along with street children. recognised the enormity of the challenge and at the end of 2008 Comic Relief undertook a
wished to use the pilot to explore how it might consultation exercise to design its climate change
• Conflict over water and food is very likely
use relatively small amounts of money effectively. pilot grants programme. Conversations, both
in the uk and africa, led to a plan that would
• Small increases in temperature are predicted This booklet focuses mostly on Comic Relief’s support partners in africa on ‘adaptation’ to
to reduce crop yields dramatically which is grant making experience, while commenting on the consequences of current and future climate
likely to impact on poor producers – the focus these two other related areas. it sets out who change as well as investing in organisations
of the trade programme. Women and Girls was supported, what they did, and to what tackling ‘mitigation’ of climate change, through
are likely to bear the brunt of extra work in extent their aims were achieved. it touches upon campaigning on reducing global greenhouse gas
searching for increasingly scarce fuel and ‘next steps’, inviting comments and inputs from emissions. During this process, it became apparent
water as well as broader issues of survival. other funders and agencies also working to that some of the perceived solutions to climate
• Large scale movements of people will lead reduce the impact of climate change. change – such as the production of biofuels on
to rapidly expanding urban slums and a massive commercial scale – were considered by
increase the risk of vulnerability to HIV/AIDs. many to be having a negative impact on the lives
of poor people.
• Climate change is a key issue for our work
on Health with the risk of an increase Comic Relief decided to work with a limited
in deaths from heat stress, the spread number of existing grantees with a commitment
of endemic and epidemic malaria to new to climate change, an ability to respond quickly to
geographical zones as well as an increase a call for applications, and with a track record of
in food and water-borne diseases including working effectively with local partners.
diarrhoea – the greatest threat to children.
gRanTS MaDe IN tHE PIlot ProGrAmmE
PROJECT SUMMARY SOUTHERN PARTNERS
This group met along with some independent alongside this work, three other projects
advisors with extensive knowledge of climate focussed on enhancing the presence and impact
change and Comic Relief staff to collaborate on of african negotiators at the Copenhagen
TWIN Working with tree crop producers to assess climate KNCU cooperative, Tanzania;
shaping the grants criteria, and peer review each climate talks in December 2009. The green Belt £88,500 – impacts and the potential for producers to benefit Kuapa Kokoo, Ghana; Macadamia producers
other’s applications. Once the grants had been Movement, gaia Foundation and international 18 months from the biodiversity and carbon they manage. coop, Malawi; Brazil nut coop, Bolivia.
made, Comic Relief hosted regular meetings of institute for the environment and Development
grantees to shape the reporting criteria, share trained and informed a range of advocates and
information on their plans, and develop a shared delegates. a further £50,000 was granted as an
set of outcomes. This participatory grant making ‘emergency’ fund to support around 20 people,
approach was wholly new to Comic Relief and mainly from african civil society, to prepare for,
the grantees. and attend the summit. SMCF Supporting the establishment of village level
£51,750 – Livelihood and Disaster Risk Reduction Coordination The Jerusalem Children and Community
Committees to manage, support and learn from Development Organisation (JeCCDO), Ethiopia.
eight grants totalling £583,240 were made. an innovative and exciting new project that 18 months
responses to climate change at community level.
These were for a wide-ranging mix of activities sought to develop alternatives in the carbon
including research, policy advocacy, capacity market – was supported with two grants
building and community development. Oxfam, totalling £368,000.
the Fairtrade Foundation, TWin and St Matthew’s
Children’s Fund carried out practical research During this time Comic Relief also gave support
that covered assessing the impact of climate in cash and in kind to the 10:10 Campaign. OXFAM Working through partners in Kenya to enable FAN (Forest Action Network) and
change on vulnerable groups. Their work £84,800 – coordinated civil society action, communications KENFAP (Kenya National Federation
included assessing the risk of climate change 18 months and interaction with local and national government. of Agricultural Producers), Kenya.
with tree crop producers; establishing village-
level ‘Livelihood and Disaster Risk Reduction
Coordination Committees’ in a slum prone to
flooding; coordinating civil society action in
preparing for climate change and looking at how
poor people might benefit from carbon trading. Research and policy linked to advocacy with a African Centre for Technology and
£124,000 – special focus on support to international climate Science (ACTS), Zimbabwe Environmental
12 months negotiators, through regional partners and the Regional Organisation (ZERO); Environmental
network of CLACC fellows. Development Action (ENDA).
gRanTS MaDe IN tHE PIlot ProGrAmmE
PROJECT SUMMARY SOUTHERN PARTNERS
Supporting better understanding of climate change
Green Belt at a grassroots level, focussing on forestry and
Movement carbon markets and how these could benefit and/or Green Belt Movement, Kenya.
£80,000 – harm poor communities and play an advocacy and
12 months lobbying role in the COP negotiations.
African Biodiversity Network [ABN] and
GAIA Understanding the impact of biofuels on people
national partners PELUM-Kenya, Melca Mahiber
Foundation and the environment and drawing on this evidence
(Ethiopia) and NAPE (Uganda) [Fahamu were
£100,000 – to advocate at district, national and international
originally a potential grantee, but decided to ally
levels, including through the COP process.
12 months with Gaia and provide technical support].
Fairtrade Research assessing climate impacts on shea nut
Foundation producers in Ghana and Burkina Faso, to inform Fairtrade partners and producers
£54,190 – thinking around environmental standards and how in West Africa.
12 months the network can better support grassroots producers.
IIED/NEF A consortium of NGOs led by the IIED and the New
£68,000 Economics Foundation, developing a new carbon Partners in 10+ countries worldwide
+ £300,000 – market product designed to address the weaknesses – including JeCCDO in Ethiopia.
24 months of the existing voluntary carbon trading approaches.
OF The CLiMaTe
Five over-arching outcomes were agreed
collectively between Comic Relief and its eight
core grantees. This section of the report describes
what activities grantees undertook and the
changes these activities contributed to.
A better understanding by civil society and policy makers
of the impact of climate change in Africa is achieved,
and strategies to reduce vulnerability are implemented.
grassroots research and conversations with people
most affected by climate change as well as
discussions with policy makers in government and
civil society led to a very significant increase in
understanding of climate change and its potential
impact amongst those most affected. This in turn
was fed through to civil society and leaders
through a wide range of workshops and meetings.
What Were the SignifiCant aCtiVitieS? • Two five day ‘Training of Trainers’ workshops What’S Changed? in addition, involvement in the programme has
were held in nairobi and Senegal to build the influenced participating organisations on their
• at a community level, activities ranged in scale a great range of actors – from individual farmers
capacity of ngO staff who would then reach broader institutional response to climate issues.
from local groups in the Sese islands of uganda to senior government officials – were brought
out to raise awareness of climate change For example, climate change is now incorporated
acquiring a better understanding of the threat into contact with the issue of climate change,
issues amongst other civil society and ngOs in one ethiopian organisation’s strategic plan.
they face from palm oil development, to often for the first time.
in those countries. TWin has recognised and prioritised the need to
10,000 women, children, young and older
develop a “more systemic way of looking at
people coming together for ‘climate change • Facilitated media training took place in kenya The training of extension workers has led to
climate change – not just through one-off
testimonies’ in ethiopia. where participants gained valuable 48,000 members of local communities in kenya
research”. another local organisation, the african
communications skills and an increased (mostly women) being trained in understanding
• a range of workshops designed for decision Biodiversity network, stated, “We made a
understanding of the importance of clear climate change and how communities can help
makers were held in ethiopia, kenya and presentation to our colleagues about climate
messaging targeted at specific audiences, to reduce their vulnerability; many thousands of
uganda. examples of these in kenya included based on the training that we got. It generated a
both for print and radio. ethiopians have publicly shared their experiences
meetings of church leaders to discuss the lot of debate and interest. We are now planning
of a changing climate; and around 110 key
environment and climate change, and an to have two Regional workshops for our
individuals from 30 producer organisations in
organised tour for government policy makers partners, one in Ghana for Benin, Ghana and
africa and Latin america have developed a new
and other key decision makers of places Togo and one in Kenya for partners from Kenya,
or deeper understanding of global climate
where water scarcity was becoming critical. Uganda, Tanzania and Ethiopia”.
change and how local conditions and trends
experienced on their farms are often linked to
global climatic changes.
The practical nature of the research also led to
CaSe Study from Kenya, uganda and ethioPia on biofueLS some tangible changes. For example, following a
series of community conversations on climate
There is some evidence of a shift in attitude towards biofuel production. Whereas governments
change in one part of Malawi, 20 tree nurseries
have previously welcomed the commercial production of biofuels, there is now a more nuanced
were established involving 353 local people, and
view. Prime Minister Zenawi of ethiopia spoke out against using Babile elephant Sanctuary for
160 children from secondary schools started
agrofuel development and in a private conversation the Minister of the environment in uganda
propagating and planting trees. in total, 62,000
congratulated the project partners, recognizing the greater caution now shown regarding
trees of 13 indigenous species have been planted,
biofuel development. The Minister said that “the President has started talking your language”.
and communities supported with advice on
maintenance, irrigation and water management.
Greater engagement between civil society groups,
governments, other decision makers and actors
on climate change adaptation and mitigation issues
The collection of first hand experiences, coming
from the grassroots, played a key role in
influencing local and national decision makers,
leading to changes in local and national policy.
Project partners played a very active part in the
Copenhagen climate talks – though how effective
these talks were in getting a good deal for the
most vulnerable in africa remains in question.
What Were the SignifiCant aCtiVitieS?
• a number of new formal groups were established.
These included a vibrant civil society network
on climate change in kenya, which steadily
grew in membership across the country to
include youth groups, faith based organisations,
private sector groups and several international
ngOs, and a new alliance of 14 ngOs in
ethiopia, to lobby government to enact
environmental impact assessments. Leading
up to the Copenhagen talks, national workshops
between civil society and government
negotiators were held in 19 countries.
• extra Comic Relief funding enabled 13 slum dwellers – an unheard of collaboration informed role in determining how national and in addition, the Chair of the national Steering
carefully selected individuals from african between those most affected and officials who international policy around climate change Committee of the kenya Climate Change
ngOs to participate at Copenhagen and in can make a significant difference These affects their lives. Working group – another individual supported
some of the preceding conferences. committees have been instrumental in ensuring through this programme – was engaged as
greater environmental stability on upstream hills at Copenhagen messages emerged from consultant for the african union throughout
• 130 kenyan negotiators, members of
through tree and shrub planting that has a number of grantees “that have influenced 2009, and contributed in the development of
parliament, ngOs and diplomats were
contributed to significantly reducing the speed of and shaped climate change policy”. Professor the african Common Position for Copenhagen.
brought together to ensure a common
water run- off, which in the past caused serious Maathai became the un Messenger of Peace
negotiation position. in Copenhagen, the
flooding in slum communities. grantees in kenya with a special focus on environment and Climate
funded delegates were constantly involved in
are now active members of the new Climate Change, which emphasised once again the
talks and presentations, and two became key
Change Working group, which is influencing the importance of african leader’s voices being
advisors to their national negotiating teams.
drafting of a ‘global Warming Bill’ and national heard. amongst Comic Relief funded delegates
• at another level, Professor Wangari Maathai1 Climate Change Response Strategy, as well as to Copenhagen, Baboucarr Mbye from gambia
spoke at the heads of State Ceremony, and providing technical support to MPs. was elevated to government negotiator status.
was a key note speaker at seven other events.
The Reducing emissions from Deforestation and
What’S Changed? Forest Degradation in Developing Countries
at a community level in some parts of ethiopia, (ReDD) working group in kenya has played a key
representatives from villages, community role in developing strategy to date, providing
CaSe Study from dire daWa, ethioPia
organisations and local government gained a technical information and orchestrating
greater awareness on the issue of climate consultation – work that will have a knock on Tree seedlings from a project nursery were distributed to upstream communities to reduce
change, and ways to mitigate the impact. in one effect throughout the forested regions of africa. erosion in the surrounding hills. This linkage led to the development of a relationship between
locality, co-ordinated approaches with local upstream and downstream farmers, so that the farmers in Dire Dawa (downstream) now always
government led to byelaws being established Workshops, websites, and publications from all receive information when rains fall in the hills – achieved through mobile phones provided by
that set up Disaster Risk Reduction Committees of the grantees have an important role in steadily the project. now, even if there is no hazard, farmers are informed and able to divert small
that included both local government leaders and increasing the capacity of africans to play an floods into their farm plots and produce crops even when no rain falls in Dire Dawa. One farmer
planted sorghum on an area of about three hectares following a small rain shower. Later he
diverted four floods on different days. From this he harvested 23 quintals of grain (roughly
1 tonne, worth over £600) – more than he’d ever harvested in his life time as a farmer.
Wangari Maathai founded the green Belt Movement. She is an environmentalist, civil society and women’s rights activist,
and a parliamentarian. in 2004 she won the nobel Peace Prize and is co-chair of the Congo Basin Fund.
Evidenced-based research is undertaken on the impact
of climate change, strategies for adaptation, and
the risks and benefits of carbon trading options
and is disseminated, especially for campaigning /
advocacy work at Copenhagen.
What Were the SignifiCant aCtiVitieS?
• Desk and field research focused on fairtrade
products (shea nuts, cocoa and coffee) and
on the impact of climate change on northern
• The shea nut research worked with nearly 700,
predominantly women, respondents in 69
locations. a further 30 producer groups in
four countries were involved in workshops
and consultations. Four case studies and two
pieces of research resulted from the kenyan
work with pastoralists.
• grantees working on biofuels and forestry
also collected data which has been used for
lobbying and advocacy.
• Research covered patterns of climate change
across regions, both from meteorological
information and farmers’ knowledge. Detailed
reports provided both qualitative and quantitative
evidence of climate change impact, and of
strategies to adapt being undertaken.
What’S Changed? The research proposed the idea of ‘best bet’ outComE Four:
adaptation techniques for farmers to be further Practical work to address mitigation and adaptation
Research carried out in ethiopia demonstrated
explored and disseminated among fairtrade is undertaken.
that 75% of land given to biofuel investments
producers. in Tanzania, the TWin project has
was coming from agricultural or forestry land,
enabled the growers’ cooperative to engage
not marginal land as government claimed. This
with national environmental agencies working This outcome has been incorporated into the
evidence was used to shape civil society lobbying
on adaptation, and to work on adaptation relevant sections above as the practical work
and advocacy work.
strategies for coffee growers. was always linked to other activity.
The shea nut research demonstrated climate
a research project concluded that the carbon in addition Comic Relief has continued to support
change was already having a tangible impact
offsetting industry is unlikely to benefit small the development of an innovative initiative
on shea nut farmers in West africa. This was
producers. however, in ghana, kuapa kokoo looking to create an alternative to ’traditional
due to a combination of increased rainfall
secured participation in an innovative project carbon offsetting’.
temperature rises, and an increase in extreme
aiming to create the first ‘carbon contracts’ for
weather patterns which contributed to declining
cocoa in West africa. These will enable growers
productivity. a number of projects to enhance
to sell the value of the carbon locked up in both
production and reduce dependence on rainfall
cocoa and shade trees on the international outComE FIVE:
have been started as a result of this research.
carbon market. A participatory and collaborative grant making
initiative is achieved, with a lower carbon footprint
than similar programmes.
CaSe Study from the fairtrade foundation
The Fairtrade Foundation’s engagement with research on the impact of climate change on key What Were the SignifiCant aCtiVitieS?
fairtrade products served to heighten organisational attention on the potential threat of climate • The partners worked together to define criteria
change to fairtrade. This has led to a range of publications and immediate consideration of how for funding, peer reviewed each other’s
to adjust fairtrade environmental standards. The Foundation described their participation in the applications, created a learning plan, and
pilot as being “the first key research … a good eye-opener, a trailblazer for the whole fairtrade agreed the outcomes that this report is based
system”. The Foundation now wants to continue supporting climate change mitigation and on. This was done through workshops which
adaptation as part of its sustainable development goals. also allowed ongoing sharing of information
and plans in the run up to Copenhagen.
• During the Copenhagen conference, grantees “It has been a fascinating and novel process to
and their partners shared resources and decide on the terms of the grants and peer review
facilities. The international institute for each other’s applications...”
OF The eVaLuaTiOn
environment and Development regional
workshops were attended by a range of “The process that developed the impacts and
Comic Relief grantees, and there was indicators was excellent in that it was flexible
additional connection, particularly through enough to reflect the real issues and achievements
the kenyan climate change networks. that could be made in such a short time...”
• Reports note that at a country level, partners
“…the learning workshops with Comic Relief in late 2009 an external evaluation of the climate
were able to carry out their programmes
staff and other grant holders were informative, change programme was undertaken by two
without taking flights. however, the focus
helpful and a key way this grant has helped to consultants, Jim Coe and Chris Stalker. evidence
on Copenhagen inevitably meant a significant
inform the climate change discussions we to inform the evaluation and its recommendations
numbers of flights were taken (although
partake in. We highly commend Comic Relief was gathered primarily through semi-structured
some travel was made by train to the talks).
for its approach in this pilot programme…” interviews with Comic Relief staff, grantees and
in some cases workshops were deliberately
timed to fall close together, and one grantee Southern partners. input of key external informants
“Comic Relief’s role in facilitating excellent as well as a review of existing internal and external
did not bring staff to a uk workshop to
meetings between UK partners was helpful in documentation was also drawn upon.
reduce travel. attempts were made to equip
the build-up to Copenhagen….contributing to
key partners in 3 countries with video
preparation and understanding of the United The following points are a summary of the
conferencing equipment, but this was
Nations Framework Convention on Climate evaluation’s findings and recommendations.
defeated by lack of technology so laptops and
Change. UNFCCC process…”
mounted video cameras were used instead.
grant maKing – What WorKed WeLL?
The pilot grants have raised the issue of the
What’S Changed? Considering the relatively short time period the
carbon footprint of running development •
after initial hesitancy at the degree of openness and projects. at least one grantee (and Comic Relief) pilot grants programme made impressive
flexibility in the grant making and grant management has joined the 10:10 campaign, but beyond this, progress and delivered an considerable set of
methodology, there was universal approval of little was progressed in terms of reducing achievements.
Comic Relief’s approach amongst grantees. projects’ carbon footprint.
• The fact that grantees were existing partners ComiC reLief’S oWn footPrint and
or had been previously supported meant that CommuniCationS – What WorKed WeLL?
it was possible for them to scale-up quickly,
• in relation to these two areas, the evaluation
efficiently and effectively. This selection model
concluded that steady progress had been made
was critical to the project’s successes.
and should be built upon. it states that Comic
• an attempt to encourage links and foster Relief has “...come through a ‘pioneer’ phase...
information sharing between partners was and needs to move to an ‘emergent’ phase
valued by all involved in the initiative. grantees drawing in more dedicated resources and
particularly welcomed the underlying philosophy beginning to embed climate change
of the approach: that Comic Relief was institutionally”. The report commends efforts
seeking to work in a flexible and collegiate made within Comic Relief to better understand
way and identify solutions collectively. its carbon footprint and the work of the internal
‘green Team’ in this regard, The report also
• The ability of Comic Relief to take calculated
commends its support for the 10:10 campaign.
risks and supplement funding with additional
marketing and communications support was
ComiC reLief’S oWn footPrint
a great asset.
and CommuniCationS – What WorKed
grant maKing – What WorKed LeSS WeLL?
• The evaluators noted that the original
• The pilot grants programme was not as
aspirations in this area “seem to have been quite
strategically coherent as it could have been
grand” and commented on the challenges of
so a different approach is needed in a longer-
“getting it right” in terms of framing effective
and targeted communication on climate
• The collaborative approach towards establishing change. They noted the desire among grantees
programme and project outcomes had and other organisations to urge Comic Relief
moderate success but would need to be to do more on communicating climate
adapted in any future work based on the change, and at the same time the pressures
learning from the pilot programme. within Comic Relief on time and resources.
The following recommendations are a summary
of what the evaluators concluded in their report.
grant maKing initiatiVeS
• Climate change should be mainstreamed
across Comic Relief’s existing programmes
in the medium term once sufficient systems
are in place to support this.
• in the interim, Comic Relief should set up a
separate climate change grants programme
with an emphasis on supporting community
responses to climate change and strengthening
the civil society organisations to influence
• Comic Relief should set up a facility to provide
financial support and practical guidance,
to organisations wishing to develop an
institutionalised response to climate change.
• any future Comic Relief programme should
seek to have a low carbon footprint – both for
Comic Relief and grantees.
• Comic Relief should continue a collaborative
organiSationaL footPrint COMiC ReLieF’S ReSPOnSe
approach and promote operational flexibility
in implementation of any future programme
• Comic Relief should plan for reductions in its
organisational carbon footprint and track and to tHE EVAluAtIoN’s FINDINGs
but balance this by ensuring that clear objectives disseminate learning from this to others.
and frameworks for tracking and assessing
• Comic Relief should support communicators
progress against them are also in place.
in the uk and elsewhere, working to develop
• Comic Relief should consider the extent to improved messaging, where it can clearly
which learning from the collaborative grant The pilot climate change programme provided • The team recognise that any new initiative
making methodology could inform wider Comic Relief with a real insight into the effectiveness should be flexible, with a high level of
grant making programmes. of a range of initiatives, and experience of a learning built in. at the same time, the team
highly participatory grant making model. Over understands this flexibility needs to be balanced
• Comic Relief and its grantees should develop a very short period of time, a great deal of progress with ensuring the programme has clear and
better systems to assess impact and ensure was made by each of the grantees, with some coherent objectives, and a framework for
that learning from any future programme common threads of good practice. tracking and assessing progress.
is captured and that there is a coordinated
approach to disseminating this learning. • employing a methodology that encourages
The conclusions of the international grants Team
and supports collaboration and cooperation
are as follows:
grant maKing methodoLogy at all levels is an approach the team would
• The pilot, and the evaluation has been a employ in any future initiative.
• Comic Relief could play an effective role in hugely stimulating and enjoyable experience,
encouraging a range of audiences with an • The experience of the pilot suggests working
and has provided a rich seam of learning for
interest and involvement with climate change with existing grantees and within the current
the team both in terms of climate change
issues to be part of a more coordinated response. grant making programmes and principles is
as well as grant making and learning
• Comic Relief should also explore and invest methodologies. The recommendations of the
in opportunities to play a leading role in evaluation are ones that the team endorse • The lessons gained from this pilot should be
collaborating with other donors. and aim to act upon in future programming. shared with colleagues in the uk grants team.
The evidence of how project learning can lead The team intend to combine a strong grant
• Comic Relief, as a trusted and experienced •
to organisational change is well made and will making programme with a focus on learning
grant maker, could position itself as a potential
shape programme strategy in the future. and communications opportunities at the outset.
distributor of climate change related funds.
Based on the conclusions above Comic Relief
intends to develop a strategy and a ‘theory of
change’ on climate change. This will refine what
Comic Relief will do and how it should be done,
with clear outcomes and learning goals.
in parallel, Comic Relief will continue its work in
reducing its own carbon footprint, and to look
at how best it can continue to inform the wider
public about how poor people are already being
drastically affected by climate change.
Comic Relief will also seek to collaborate with
other funders who might be interested in
combining forces to increase the impact of climate
alongside internal reports, youTube films and Both the uk grantees, and their partners in africa
DVDs, the following are amongst publications worked extremely hard to deliver very high quality
emerging from the pilot: work in the eight projects. The nature of innovative
work means that it sometimes has aspects of
Egalité, Fraternité, Sustainabilité: why the improvisation – those involved coped remarkably
climate revolution must be a fair revolution well with this. Comic Relief are particularly
Fairtrade Foundation grateful for everyone’s willingness to collaborate
Climate Change and Fairtrade: and reflect so carefully during the process.
Why Is It Time to Make the Links? (Dec 09)
Fairtrade Labelling Organisation (FLO) in addition to the staff and partners involved in
the pilot projects, we are especially grateful to John
Biochar Land Grabbing: the impacts on Africa Magrath and ian Leggett for their ongoing support
(Oct 2009) aBn, Biofuelwatch and gaia and advice and to Jim Coe and Chris Stalker for
Foundation – a naPe pamphlet their perception and guidance in the evaluation,
along with Jon Cracknel for his inputs.
Responding to Climate Change from the
Grassroots: The Green Belt Movement Approach
Comic Relief also thanks Peter Macfadyen, an
green Belt Movement
external consultant, who has worked for the last
Adaptation strategies for Twin partners three years to support the organisation in
and Engaging macadamia farmers in adaptation bringing together a response to climate change.
Photography: Justin Canning, Victoria Dawe, Sam
The effects of climate change on Agriculture, Faulkner, andrew McConnell / PanOS, Des Willie.
Livestock and Fisheries Production – Kenyan
Food Security; The effects of climate change on For more information, or to contribute feedback
conflict in the Marselit District; …in the Kajaido and comments, please contact nina king at Comic
District; and ...the Tana River District Relief – firstname.lastname@example.org 020 7820 2000.
These, and a series of Case Studies resulted from
Oxfam’s work in northern kenya.
Comic Relief, 89 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7TP.
Phone 020 7820 2000 Fax 020 7820 2222 Minicom 020 7820 2005 Email email@example.com
Cert no. SGS-COC-0620
Taking the Climate Initiative, published October 2010.
Comic Relief, registered charity 326568 (England/Wales); SCO39730 (Scotland).