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					 Taking The
                                                                                                                         COMiC ReLieF anD

    Learning SerieS no. 4

    ComiC reLief’S ViSion iS a JuSt WorLd free from PoVerty
    Comic Relief does three things. it raises much needed cash, it then allocates that cash to projects here

    at home and in the poorest countries in the world and it raises awareness of the issues it feels strongly about.
    This booklet is the fourth in a series that aims to bring the impact of some of the work it has funded
    in helping change lives, to a wider audience. it is a summary of the findings from a pilot climate change
    programme undertaken in 2009/10, to help eight organisations working with some of africa’s poorest
    communities, reduce the risk or adapt to the devastating impacts of climate change.

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For Comic Relief, the challenge is this: how best   eight pilot grants – worth around £580,000 –          as an unanticipated outcome, in four cases the        This booklet provides some top line outcomes
to support the poorest and most vulnerable          were made. The different projects aimed to:           work significantly influenced organisational          and examples from the projects. The range of
people in today’s world, who face a climate         increase understanding and awareness of climate       thinking about climate change, such that climate      activities has provided Comic Relief with a solid
change ‘triple whammy’: they didn’t cause it,       change issues at a community level; to back this      change is now a key focus of their work, leading      basis on which to now develop a clear strategy
they are most affected by it, and are least able    up with solid research; engage civil society          to changes in strategy and acting as a catalyst       for future engagement in this area.
to afford even simple measures that could help      groups, governments and other decision makers         for future activity.
protect them from the damaging impacts that         and actors with the issues; and strengthen the
are already unavoidable.                            african voices in climate negotiations.               The highly participatory methodology used in
                                                                                                          grant making was greatly appreciated, enabling
in order to inform decisions on how best to meet    The evaluation was extremely positive. The            significantly increased learning and sharing of
this challenge Comic Relief ran a climate change    projects enabled research and conversations with      resources, both in workshops leading up to
programme during 2009, developing a three-          people most affected and led to a very significant    Copenhagen, and at the talks themselves.
pronged response: making a limited number of        increase in their understanding of the issues. This
international grants supporting climate change      in turn reached civil society organisations and       Various recommendations are made as to how
mitigation and adaptation; reducing our own         leaders through a wide range of workshops and         the initiative could be built on – initially within
carbon footprint; and playing a part in             meetings. There are many examples of how              Comic Relief’s existing grant making
communicating the threat of climate change.         these experiences played a key role in influencing    programmes, and also developing relationships
                                                    local and national decision makers, leading to        with other funders. The evaluation report
This booklet sets out the findings from the         changes in policy. Project partners played a very     recognises the start Comic Relief has made in
programme, based on an external evaluation          active role in the Copenhagen climate talks           addressing its own carbon footprint and in
and reports from grantees. it focuses on the        (though how effective these talks were in their       assessing where work in communication might
grant making (while commenting on aspects of        support for poor africans, remains in question).      be strengthened, and the important role Comic
our own carbon footprint and communications).                                                             Relief has played in supporting the ‘10:10’
it is aimed at sharing learning with other          Because most of the research involved communities     climate change campaign, which encourages
funders, development agencies and grantees to       taking action to increase their resilience to         everyone to reduce their carbon emissions by
develop best practice in a fast changing world.     change, the projects directly resulted in improved    10% a year, starting in 2010.
                                                    livelihoods, the planting of many thousands of
                                                    trees and other environmental benefits.

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      The COMiC ReLieF PiLOT

    CHanGe PROGRamme
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      in late 2006 Comic Relief commissioned a piece
      of research to better understand climate change
      and its potential impact on poor people in the
      South. The report confirmed that climate change
      is significantly increasing human vulnerability in
      many ways and that poor people in the South are
      the most severely affected.

      The report argued that climate change presents
      an overarching threat to all of Comic Relief’s work
      because the organisation targets poor people,
      who can be the most vulnerable to change.
      The uncertainty and speed of climate change,
      the report went on, is beyond the experience of
      traditional knowledge, leaving poor people ill-
      equipped to respond. it was recognised climate
      change is not the only determinant to affect
      poor people’s livelihoods and ability to survive.
      The quality of government services, global aid
      and trade policies and other factors are also
      critical. But all too often poor people will be more
      vulnerable because they have few, if any, assets
      to fall back on.

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                                                                                                                The ClImAtE
The report outlined some examples of the impact        as a result of this report, Comic Relief decided to
that climate change could have on people Comic         pilot a programme responding to climate change
Relief supports through its current international      with three components: grant making, reducing

                                                                                                             CHANGE GrANts
grant making programmes:                               its own carbon footprint, and communicating
                                                       climate change to the public.
•    People living in urban slums often live in
     reclaimed swamps, or areas prone to flooding      it was agreed that the focus of the programme
     and are therefore vulnerable to extreme           would be on making grants. Comic Relief
     weather events, along with street children.       recognised the enormity of the challenge and              at the end of 2008 Comic Relief undertook a
                                                       wished to use the pilot to explore how it might           consultation exercise to design its climate change
•    Conflict over water and food is very likely
                                                       use relatively small amounts of money effectively.        pilot grants programme. Conversations, both
     to increase.
                                                                                                                 in the uk and africa, led to a plan that would
•    Small increases in temperature are predicted      This booklet focuses mostly on Comic Relief’s             support partners in africa on ‘adaptation’ to
     to reduce crop yields dramatically which is       grant making experience, while commenting on              the consequences of current and future climate
     likely to impact on poor producers – the focus    these two other related areas. it sets out who            change as well as investing in organisations
     of the trade programme. Women and Girls           was supported, what they did, and to what                 tackling ‘mitigation’ of climate change, through
     are likely to bear the brunt of extra work in     extent their aims were achieved. it touches upon          campaigning on reducing global greenhouse gas
     searching for increasingly scarce fuel and        ‘next steps’, inviting comments and inputs from           emissions. During this process, it became apparent
     water as well as broader issues of survival.      other funders and agencies also working to                that some of the perceived solutions to climate
•    Large scale movements of people will lead         reduce the impact of climate change.                      change – such as the production of biofuels on
     to rapidly expanding urban slums and                                                                        a massive commercial scale – were considered by
     increase the risk of vulnerability to HIV/AIDs.                                                             many to be having a negative impact on the lives
                                                                                                                 of poor people.
•    Climate change is a key issue for our work
     on Health with the risk of an increase                                                                      Comic Relief decided to work with a limited
     in deaths from heat stress, the spread                                                                      number of existing grantees with a commitment
     of endemic and epidemic malaria to new                                                                      to climate change, an ability to respond quickly to
     geographical zones as well as an increase                                                                   a call for applications, and with a track record of
     in food and water-borne diseases including                                                                  working effectively with local partners.
     diarrhoea – the greatest threat to children.

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                                                                                                                      gRanTS MaDe IN tHE PIlot ProGrAmmE
                                                                                                                                   PROJECT SUMMARY                                            SOUTHERN PARTNERS
This group met along with some independent          alongside this work, three other projects
advisors with extensive knowledge of climate        focussed on enhancing the presence and impact
change and Comic Relief staff to collaborate on     of african negotiators at the Copenhagen
                                                                                                                      TWIN         Working with tree crop producers to assess climate                  KNCU cooperative, Tanzania;
shaping the grants criteria, and peer review each   climate talks in December 2009. The green Belt                    £88,500 –    impacts and the potential for producers to benefit    Kuapa Kokoo, Ghana; Macadamia producers
other’s applications. Once the grants had been      Movement, gaia Foundation and international                       18 months    from the biodiversity and carbon they manage.               coop, Malawi; Brazil nut coop, Bolivia.
made, Comic Relief hosted regular meetings of       institute for the environment and Development
grantees to shape the reporting criteria, share     trained and informed a range of advocates and
information on their plans, and develop a shared    delegates. a further £50,000 was granted as an
set of outcomes. This participatory grant making    ‘emergency’ fund to support around 20 people,
approach was wholly new to Comic Relief and         mainly from african civil society, to prepare for,
the grantees.                                       and attend the summit.                                            SMCF         Supporting the establishment of village level
                                                                                                                      £51,750 –    Livelihood and Disaster Risk Reduction Coordination      The Jerusalem Children and Community
                                                                                                                                   Committees to manage, support and learn from          Development Organisation (JeCCDO), Ethiopia.
eight grants totalling £583,240 were made.          an innovative and exciting new project that                       18 months
                                                                                                                                   responses to climate change at community level.

                                                                                                         UK PARTNER
These were for a wide-ranging mix of activities     sought to develop alternatives in the carbon
including research, policy advocacy, capacity       market – was supported with two grants
building and community development. Oxfam,          totalling £368,000.
the Fairtrade Foundation, TWin and St Matthew’s
Children’s Fund carried out practical research      During this time Comic Relief also gave support
that covered assessing the impact of climate        in cash and in kind to the 10:10 Campaign.                        OXFAM        Working through partners in Kenya to enable                     FAN (Forest Action Network) and
change on vulnerable groups. Their work                                                                               £84,800 –    coordinated civil society action, communications              KENFAP (Kenya National Federation
included assessing the risk of climate change                                                                         18 months    and interaction with local and national government.             of Agricultural Producers), Kenya.
with tree crop producers; establishing village-
level ‘Livelihood and Disaster Risk Reduction
Coordination Committees’ in a slum prone to
flooding; coordinating civil society action in
preparing for climate change and looking at how
poor people might benefit from carbon trading.                                                                                     Research and policy linked to advocacy with a                  African Centre for Technology and
                                                                                                                      £124,000 –   special focus on support to international climate       Science (ACTS), Zimbabwe Environmental
                                                                                                                      12 months    negotiators, through regional partners and the         Regional Organisation (ZERO); Environmental
                                                                                                                                   network of CLACC fellows.                                            Development Action (ENDA).

             gRanTS MaDe IN tHE PIlot ProGrAmmE
                            PROJECT SUMMARY                                             SOUTHERN PARTNERS

                            Supporting better understanding of climate change
             Green Belt     at a grassroots level, focussing on forestry and
             Movement       carbon markets and how these could benefit and/or                     Green Belt Movement, Kenya.
             £80,000 –      harm poor communities and play an advocacy and
             12 months      lobbying role in the COP negotiations.

                                                                                          African Biodiversity Network [ABN] and
             GAIA           Understanding the impact of biofuels on people
                                                                                     national partners PELUM-Kenya, Melca Mahiber
             Foundation     and the environment and drawing on this evidence
                                                                                    (Ethiopia) and NAPE (Uganda) [Fahamu were
             £100,000 –     to advocate at district, national and international
                                                                                   originally a potential grantee, but decided to ally
                            levels, including through the COP process.

             12 months                                                                  with Gaia and provide technical support].

             Fairtrade      Research assessing climate impacts on shea nut
             Foundation     producers in Ghana and Burkina Faso, to inform                     Fairtrade partners and producers
             £54,190 –      thinking around environmental standards and how                                       in West Africa.
             12 months      the network can better support grassroots producers.

             IIED/NEF       A consortium of NGOs led by the IIED and the New
             £68,000        Economics Foundation, developing a new carbon                 Partners in 10+ countries worldwide
             + £300,000 –   market product designed to address the weaknesses                  – including JeCCDO in Ethiopia.
             24 months      of the existing voluntary carbon trading approaches.

      OF The CLiMaTe
     Change gRanTS
                  Five over-arching outcomes were agreed
                  collectively between Comic Relief and its eight
                  core grantees. This section of the report describes
                  what activities grantees undertook and the
                  changes these activities contributed to.

      outComE oNE:
      A better understanding by civil society and policy makers
      of the impact of climate change in Africa is achieved,
      and strategies to reduce vulnerability are implemented.

                  grassroots research and conversations with people
                  most affected by climate change as well as
                  discussions with policy makers in government and
                  civil society led to a very significant increase in
                  understanding of climate change and its potential
                  impact amongst those most affected. This in turn
                  was fed through to civil society and leaders
                  through a wide range of workshops and meetings.

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What Were the SignifiCant aCtiVitieS?                   •   Two five day ‘Training of Trainers’ workshops    What’S Changed?                                     in addition, involvement in the programme has
                                                            were held in nairobi and Senegal to build the                                                        influenced participating organisations on their
•    at a community level, activities ranged in scale                                                        a great range of actors – from individual farmers
                                                            capacity of ngO staff who would then reach                                                           broader institutional response to climate issues.
     from local groups in the Sese islands of uganda                                                         to senior government officials – were brought
                                                            out to raise awareness of climate change                                                             For example, climate change is now incorporated
     acquiring a better understanding of the threat                                                          into contact with the issue of climate change,
                                                            issues amongst other civil society and ngOs                                                          in one ethiopian organisation’s strategic plan.
     they face from palm oil development, to                                                                 often for the first time.
                                                            in those countries.                                                                                  TWin has recognised and prioritised the need to
     10,000 women, children, young and older
                                                                                                                                                                 develop a “more systemic way of looking at
     people coming together for ‘climate change         •   Facilitated media training took place in kenya   The training of extension workers has led to
                                                                                                                                                                 climate change – not just through one-off
     testimonies’ in ethiopia.                              where participants gained valuable               48,000 members of local communities in kenya
                                                                                                                                                                 research”. another local organisation, the african
                                                            communications skills and an increased           (mostly women) being trained in understanding
•    a range of workshops designed for decision                                                                                                                  Biodiversity network, stated, “We made a
                                                            understanding of the importance of clear         climate change and how communities can help
     makers were held in ethiopia, kenya and                                                                                                                     presentation to our colleagues about climate
                                                            messaging targeted at specific audiences,        to reduce their vulnerability; many thousands of
     uganda. examples of these in kenya included                                                                                                                 based on the training that we got. It generated a
                                                            both for print and radio.                        ethiopians have publicly shared their experiences
     meetings of church leaders to discuss the                                                                                                                   lot of debate and interest. We are now planning
                                                                                                             of a changing climate; and around 110 key
     environment and climate change, and an                                                                                                                      to have two Regional workshops for our
                                                                                                             individuals from 30 producer organisations in
     organised tour for government policy makers                                                                                                                 partners, one in Ghana for Benin, Ghana and
                                                                                                             africa and Latin america have developed a new
     and other key decision makers of places                                                                                                                     Togo and one in Kenya for partners from Kenya,
                                                                                                             or deeper understanding of global climate
     where water scarcity was becoming critical.                                                                                                                 Uganda, Tanzania and Ethiopia”.
                                                                                                             change and how local conditions and trends
                                                                                                             experienced on their farms are often linked to
                                                                                                             global climatic changes.

                                                                                                             The practical nature of the research also led to
     CaSe Study from Kenya, uganda and ethioPia on biofueLS                                                  some tangible changes. For example, following a
                                                                                                             series of community conversations on climate
     There is some evidence of a shift in attitude towards biofuel production. Whereas governments
                                                                                                             change in one part of Malawi, 20 tree nurseries
     have previously welcomed the commercial production of biofuels, there is now a more nuanced
                                                                                                             were established involving 353 local people, and
     view. Prime Minister Zenawi of ethiopia spoke out against using Babile elephant Sanctuary for
                                                                                                             160 children from secondary schools started
     agrofuel development and in a private conversation the Minister of the environment in uganda
                                                                                                             propagating and planting trees. in total, 62,000
     congratulated the project partners, recognizing the greater caution now shown regarding
                                                                                                             trees of 13 indigenous species have been planted,
     biofuel development. The Minister said that “the President has started talking your language”.
                                                                                                             and communities supported with advice on
                                                                                                             maintenance, irrigation and water management.

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     outComE tWo:
     Greater engagement between civil society groups,
     governments, other decision makers and actors
     on climate change adaptation and mitigation issues
     is achieved.

                The collection of first hand experiences, coming
                from the grassroots, played a key role in
                influencing local and national decision makers,
                leading to changes in local and national policy.
                Project partners played a very active part in the
                Copenhagen climate talks – though how effective
                these talks were in getting a good deal for the
                most vulnerable in africa remains in question.

                What Were the SignifiCant aCtiVitieS?
                •   a number of new formal groups were established.
                    These included a vibrant civil society network
                    on climate change in kenya, which steadily
                    grew in membership across the country to
                    include youth groups, faith based organisations,
                    private sector groups and several international
                    ngOs, and a new alliance of 14 ngOs in
                    ethiopia, to lobby government to enact
                    environmental impact assessments. Leading
                    up to the Copenhagen talks, national workshops
                    between civil society and government
                    negotiators were held in 19 countries.

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    •    extra Comic Relief funding enabled 13                      slum dwellers – an unheard of collaboration               informed role in determining how national and        in addition, the Chair of the national Steering
         carefully selected individuals from african                between those most affected and officials who             international policy around climate change           Committee of the kenya Climate Change
         ngOs to participate at Copenhagen and in                   can make a significant difference These                   affects their lives.                                 Working group – another individual supported
         some of the preceding conferences.                         committees have been instrumental in ensuring                                                                  through this programme – was engaged as
                                                                    greater environmental stability on upstream hills         at Copenhagen messages emerged from                  consultant for the african union throughout
    •    130 kenyan negotiators, members of
                                                                    through tree and shrub planting that has                  a number of grantees “that have influenced           2009, and contributed in the development of
         parliament, ngOs and diplomats were
                                                                    contributed to significantly reducing the speed of        and shaped climate change policy”. Professor         the african Common Position for Copenhagen.
         brought together to ensure a common
                                                                    water run- off, which in the past caused serious          Maathai became the un Messenger of Peace
         negotiation position. in Copenhagen, the
                                                                    flooding in slum communities. grantees in kenya           with a special focus on environment and Climate
         funded delegates were constantly involved in
                                                                    are now active members of the new Climate                 Change, which emphasised once again the
         talks and presentations, and two became key
                                                                    Change Working group, which is influencing the            importance of african leader’s voices being
         advisors to their national negotiating teams.
                                                                    drafting of a ‘global Warming Bill’ and national          heard. amongst Comic Relief funded delegates
    •    at another level, Professor Wangari Maathai1               Climate Change Response Strategy, as well as              to Copenhagen, Baboucarr Mbye from gambia
         spoke at the heads of State Ceremony, and                  providing technical support to MPs.                       was elevated to government negotiator status.
         was a key note speaker at seven other events.
                                                                    The Reducing emissions from Deforestation and
    What’S Changed?                                                 Forest Degradation in Developing Countries
    at a community level in some parts of ethiopia,                 (ReDD) working group in kenya has played a key
    representatives from villages, community                        role in developing strategy to date, providing
                                                                                                                                CaSe Study from dire daWa, ethioPia
    organisations and local government gained a                     technical information and orchestrating
    greater awareness on the issue of climate                       consultation – work that will have a knock on               Tree seedlings from a project nursery were distributed to upstream communities to reduce
    change, and ways to mitigate the impact. in one                 effect throughout the forested regions of africa.           erosion in the surrounding hills. This linkage led to the development of a relationship between
    locality, co-ordinated approaches with local                                                                                upstream and downstream farmers, so that the farmers in Dire Dawa (downstream) now always
    government led to byelaws being established                     Workshops, websites, and publications from all              receive information when rains fall in the hills – achieved through mobile phones provided by
    that set up Disaster Risk Reduction Committees                  of the grantees have an important role in steadily          the project. now, even if there is no hazard, farmers are informed and able to divert small
    that included both local government leaders and                 increasing the capacity of africans to play an              floods into their farm plots and produce crops even when no rain falls in Dire Dawa. One farmer
                                                                                                                                planted sorghum on an area of about three hectares following a small rain shower. Later he
                                                                                                                                diverted four floods on different days. From this he harvested 23 quintals of grain (roughly
                                                                                                                                1 tonne, worth over £600) – more than he’d ever harvested in his life time as a farmer.
    Wangari Maathai founded the green Belt Movement. She is an environmentalist, civil society and women’s rights activist,
    and a parliamentarian. in 2004 she won the nobel Peace Prize and is co-chair of the Congo Basin Fund.

    22                                                                                                                                                                                                                               23
     outComE tHrEE:
     Evidenced-based research is undertaken on the impact
     of climate change, strategies for adaptation, and
     the risks and benefits of carbon trading options
     and is disseminated, especially for campaigning /
     advocacy work at Copenhagen.

                What Were the SignifiCant aCtiVitieS?
                •   Desk and field research focused on fairtrade
                    products (shea nuts, cocoa and coffee) and
                    on the impact of climate change on northern
                    kenyan pastoralists.
                •   The shea nut research worked with nearly 700,
                    predominantly women, respondents in 69
                    locations. a further 30 producer groups in
                    four countries were involved in workshops
                    and consultations. Four case studies and two
                    pieces of research resulted from the kenyan
                    work with pastoralists.
                •   grantees working on biofuels and forestry
                    also collected data which has been used for
                    lobbying and advocacy.
                •   Research covered patterns of climate change
                    across regions, both from meteorological
                    information and farmers’ knowledge. Detailed
                    reports provided both qualitative and quantitative
                    evidence of climate change impact, and of
                    strategies to adapt being undertaken.

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What’S Changed?                                         The research proposed the idea of ‘best bet’        outComE Four:
                                                        adaptation techniques for farmers to be further     Practical work to address mitigation and adaptation
Research carried out in ethiopia demonstrated
                                                        explored and disseminated among fairtrade           is undertaken.
that 75% of land given to biofuel investments
                                                        producers. in Tanzania, the TWin project has
was coming from agricultural or forestry land,
                                                        enabled the growers’ cooperative to engage
not marginal land as government claimed. This
                                                        with national environmental agencies working                   This outcome has been incorporated into the
evidence was used to shape civil society lobbying
                                                        on adaptation, and to work on adaptation                       relevant sections above as the practical work
and advocacy work.
                                                        strategies for coffee growers.                                 was always linked to other activity.
The shea nut research demonstrated climate
                                                        a research project concluded that the carbon                   in addition Comic Relief has continued to support
change was already having a tangible impact
                                                        offsetting industry is unlikely to benefit small               the development of an innovative initiative
on shea nut farmers in West africa. This was
                                                        producers. however, in ghana, kuapa kokoo                      looking to create an alternative to ’traditional
due to a combination of increased rainfall
                                                        secured participation in an innovative project                 carbon offsetting’.
temperature rises, and an increase in extreme
                                                        aiming to create the first ‘carbon contracts’ for
weather patterns which contributed to declining
                                                        cocoa in West africa. These will enable growers
productivity. a number of projects to enhance
                                                        to sell the value of the carbon locked up in both
production and reduce dependence on rainfall
                                                        cocoa and shade trees on the international          outComE FIVE:
have been started as a result of this research.
                                                        carbon market.                                      A participatory and collaborative grant making
                                                                                                            initiative is achieved, with a lower carbon footprint
                                                                                                            than similar programmes.
     CaSe Study from the fairtrade foundation
     The Fairtrade Foundation’s engagement with research on the impact of climate change on key                        What Were the SignifiCant aCtiVitieS?
     fairtrade products served to heighten organisational attention on the potential threat of climate                 •   The partners worked together to define criteria
     change to fairtrade. This has led to a range of publications and immediate consideration of how                       for funding, peer reviewed each other’s
     to adjust fairtrade environmental standards. The Foundation described their participation in the                      applications, created a learning plan, and
     pilot as being “the first key research … a good eye-opener, a trailblazer for the whole fairtrade                     agreed the outcomes that this report is based
     system”. The Foundation now wants to continue supporting climate change mitigation and                                on. This was done through workshops which
     adaptation as part of its sustainable development goals.                                                              also allowed ongoing sharing of information
                                                                                                                           and plans in the run up to Copenhagen.

26                                                                                                                                                                      27
                                                                                                                 kEy FINDINGs
•    During the Copenhagen conference, grantees         “It has been a fascinating and novel process to
     and their partners shared resources and            decide on the terms of the grants and peer review
     facilities. The international institute for        each other’s applications...”

                                                                                                             OF The eVaLuaTiOn
     environment and Development regional
     workshops were attended by a range of              “The process that developed the impacts and
     Comic Relief grantees, and there was               indicators was excellent in that it was flexible
     additional connection, particularly through        enough to reflect the real issues and achievements
     the kenyan climate change networks.                that could be made in such a short time...”
•    Reports note that at a country level, partners
                                                        “…the learning workshops with Comic Relief                 in late 2009 an external evaluation of the climate
     were able to carry out their programmes
                                                        staff and other grant holders were informative,            change programme was undertaken by two
     without taking flights. however, the focus
                                                        helpful and a key way this grant has helped to             consultants, Jim Coe and Chris Stalker. evidence
     on Copenhagen inevitably meant a significant
                                                        inform the climate change discussions we                   to inform the evaluation and its recommendations
     numbers of flights were taken (although
                                                        partake in. We highly commend Comic Relief                 was gathered primarily through semi-structured
     some travel was made by train to the talks).
                                                        for its approach in this pilot programme…”                 interviews with Comic Relief staff, grantees and
     in some cases workshops were deliberately
     timed to fall close together, and one grantee                                                                 Southern partners. input of key external informants
                                                        “Comic Relief’s role in facilitating excellent             as well as a review of existing internal and external
     did not bring staff to a uk workshop to
                                                        meetings between UK partners was helpful in                documentation was also drawn upon.
     reduce travel. attempts were made to equip
                                                        the build-up to Copenhagen….contributing to
     key partners in 3 countries with video
                                                        preparation and understanding of the United                The following points are a summary of the
     conferencing equipment, but this was
                                                        Nations Framework Convention on Climate                    evaluation’s findings and recommendations.
     defeated by lack of technology so laptops and
                                                        Change. UNFCCC process…”
     mounted video cameras were used instead.
                                                                                                                   grant maKing – What WorKed WeLL?
                                                        The pilot grants have raised the issue of the
What’S Changed?                                                                                                        Considering the relatively short time period the
                                                        carbon footprint of running development                    •
after initial hesitancy at the degree of openness and   projects. at least one grantee (and Comic Relief)              pilot grants programme made impressive
flexibility in the grant making and grant management    has joined the 10:10 campaign, but beyond this,                progress and delivered an considerable set of
methodology, there was universal approval of            little was progressed in terms of reducing                     achievements.
Comic Relief’s approach amongst grantees.               projects’ carbon footprint.

28                                                                                                                                                                   29
•    The fact that grantees were existing partners        ComiC reLief’S oWn footPrint and
     or had been previously supported meant that          CommuniCationS – What WorKed WeLL?
     it was possible for them to scale-up quickly,
                                                          •   in relation to these two areas, the evaluation
     efficiently and effectively. This selection model
                                                              concluded that steady progress had been made
     was critical to the project’s successes.
                                                              and should be built upon. it states that Comic
•    an attempt to encourage links and foster                 Relief has “...come through a ‘pioneer’ phase...
     information sharing between partners was                 and needs to move to an ‘emergent’ phase
     valued by all involved in the initiative. grantees       drawing in more dedicated resources and
     particularly welcomed the underlying philosophy          beginning to embed climate change
     of the approach: that Comic Relief was                   institutionally”. The report commends efforts
     seeking to work in a flexible and collegiate             made within Comic Relief to better understand
     way and identify solutions collectively.                 its carbon footprint and the work of the internal
                                                              ‘green Team’ in this regard, The report also
•    The ability of Comic Relief to take calculated
                                                              commends its support for the 10:10 campaign.
     risks and supplement funding with additional
     marketing and communications support was
                                                          ComiC reLief’S oWn footPrint
     a great asset.
                                                          and CommuniCationS – What WorKed
                                                          LeSS WeLL?
grant maKing – What WorKed LeSS WeLL?
                                                          •   The evaluators noted that the original
•    The pilot grants programme was not as
                                                              aspirations in this area “seem to have been quite
     strategically coherent as it could have been
                                                              grand” and commented on the challenges of
     so a different approach is needed in a longer-
                                                              “getting it right” in terms of framing effective
     term programme.
                                                              and targeted communication on climate
•    The collaborative approach towards establishing          change. They noted the desire among grantees
     programme and project outcomes had                       and other organisations to urge Comic Relief
     moderate success but would need to be                    to do more on communicating climate
     adapted in any future work based on the                  change, and at the same time the pressures
     learning from the pilot programme.                       within Comic Relief on time and resources.

30                                                                                                                31
         key eVaLuaTiOn
            The following recommendations are a summary
            of what the evaluators concluded in their report.

            grant maKing
            grant maKing initiatiVeS
            •   Climate change should be mainstreamed
                across Comic Relief’s existing programmes
                in the medium term once sufficient systems
                are in place to support this.
            •   in the interim, Comic Relief should set up a
                separate climate change grants programme
                with an emphasis on supporting community
                responses to climate change and strengthening
                the civil society organisations to influence
                decision making.
            •   Comic Relief should set up a facility to provide
                financial support and practical guidance,
                to organisations wishing to develop an
                institutionalised response to climate change.
            •   any future Comic Relief programme should
                seek to have a low carbon footprint – both for
                Comic Relief and grantees.

32                                                           33
•    Comic Relief should continue a collaborative
                                                          CommuniCationS and
                                                          organiSationaL footPrint                             COMiC ReLieF’S ReSPOnSe
     approach and promote operational flexibility
     in implementation of any future programme
                                                          •   Comic Relief should plan for reductions in its
                                                              organisational carbon footprint and track and    to tHE EVAluAtIoN’s FINDINGs
                                                                                                               AND rECommENDAtIoNs
     but balance this by ensuring that clear objectives       disseminate learning from this to others.
     and frameworks for tracking and assessing
                                                          •   Comic Relief should support communicators
     progress against them are also in place.
                                                              in the uk and elsewhere, working to develop
•    Comic Relief should consider the extent to               improved messaging, where it can clearly
     which learning from the collaborative grant                                                               The pilot climate change programme provided               •   The team recognise that any new initiative
                                                              add value.
     making methodology could inform wider                                                                     Comic Relief with a real insight into the effectiveness       should be flexible, with a high level of
     grant making programmes.                                                                                  of a range of initiatives, and experience of a                learning built in. at the same time, the team
                                                                                                               highly participatory grant making model. Over                 understands this flexibility needs to be balanced
•    Comic Relief and its grantees should develop                                                              a very short period of time, a great deal of progress         with ensuring the programme has clear and
     better systems to assess impact and ensure                                                                was made by each of the grantees, with some                   coherent objectives, and a framework for
     that learning from any future programme                                                                   common threads of good practice.                              tracking and assessing progress.
     is captured and that there is a coordinated
     approach to disseminating this learning.                                                                                                                            •   employing a methodology that encourages
                                                                                                               The conclusions of the international grants Team
                                                                                                                                                                             and supports collaboration and cooperation
                                                                                                               are as follows:
grant maKing methodoLogy                                                                                                                                                     at all levels is an approach the team would
                                                                                                               •   The pilot, and the evaluation has been a                  employ in any future initiative.
•    Comic Relief could play an effective role in                                                                  hugely stimulating and enjoyable experience,
     encouraging a range of audiences with an                                                                                                                            •   The experience of the pilot suggests working
                                                                                                                   and has provided a rich seam of learning for
     interest and involvement with climate change                                                                                                                            with existing grantees and within the current
                                                                                                                   the team both in terms of climate change
     issues to be part of a more coordinated response.                                                                                                                       grant making programmes and principles is
                                                                                                                   as well as grant making and learning
                                                                                                                                                                             highly desirable.
•    Comic Relief should also explore and invest                                                                   methodologies. The recommendations of the
     in opportunities to play a leading role in                                                                    evaluation are ones that the team endorse             •   The lessons gained from this pilot should be
     collaborating with other donors.                                                                              and aim to act upon in future programming.                shared with colleagues in the uk grants team.
                                                                                                                   The evidence of how project learning can lead             The team intend to combine a strong grant
•    Comic Relief, as a trusted and experienced                                                                                                                          •
                                                                                                                   to organisational change is well made and will            making programme with a focus on learning
     grant maker, could position itself as a potential
                                                                                                                   shape programme strategy in the future.                   and communications opportunities at the outset.
     distributor of climate change related funds.

34                                                                                                                                                                                                                          35
     neXT stEPs
     Based on the conclusions above Comic Relief
     intends to develop a strategy and a ‘theory of
     change’ on climate change. This will refine what
     Comic Relief will do and how it should be done,
     with clear outcomes and learning goals.

     in parallel, Comic Relief will continue its work in
     reducing its own carbon footprint, and to look
     at how best it can continue to inform the wider
     public about how poor people are already being
     drastically affected by climate change.

     Comic Relief will also seek to collaborate with
     other funders who might be interested in
     combining forces to increase the impact of climate
     change funding.

36                                                   37
PubLiCationS                                         aCKnoWLedgementS
alongside internal reports, youTube films and        Both the uk grantees, and their partners in africa
DVDs, the following are amongst publications         worked extremely hard to deliver very high quality
emerging from the pilot:                             work in the eight projects. The nature of innovative
                                                     work means that it sometimes has aspects of
Egalité, Fraternité, Sustainabilité: why the         improvisation – those involved coped remarkably
climate revolution must be a fair revolution         well with this. Comic Relief are particularly
Fairtrade Foundation                                 grateful for everyone’s willingness to collaborate
Climate Change and Fairtrade:                        and reflect so carefully during the process.
Why Is It Time to Make the Links? (Dec 09)
Fairtrade Labelling Organisation (FLO)               in addition to the staff and partners involved in
                                                     the pilot projects, we are especially grateful to John
Biochar Land Grabbing: the impacts on Africa         Magrath and ian Leggett for their ongoing support
(Oct 2009) aBn, Biofuelwatch and gaia                and advice and to Jim Coe and Chris Stalker for
Foundation – a naPe pamphlet                         their perception and guidance in the evaluation,
                                                     along with Jon Cracknel for his inputs.
Responding to Climate Change from the
Grassroots: The Green Belt Movement Approach
                                                     Comic Relief also thanks Peter Macfadyen, an
green Belt Movement
                                                     external consultant, who has worked for the last
Adaptation strategies for Twin partners              three years to support the organisation in
and Engaging macadamia farmers in adaptation         bringing together a response to climate change.
TWin Trading
                                                     Photography: Justin Canning, Victoria Dawe, Sam
The effects of climate change on Agriculture,        Faulkner, andrew McConnell / PanOS, Des Willie.
Livestock and Fisheries Production – Kenyan
Food Security; The effects of climate change on      For more information, or to contribute feedback
conflict in the Marselit District; …in the Kajaido   and comments, please contact nina king at Comic
District; and ...the Tana River District             Relief – 020 7820 2000.
These, and a series of Case Studies resulted from
Oxfam’s work in northern kenya.

38                                                                                                            39
Comic Relief, 89 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7TP.
Phone 020 7820 2000 Fax 020 7820 2222 Minicom 020 7820 2005 Email
                                                                                        Cert no. SGS-COC-0620
Taking the Climate Initiative, published October 2010.
Comic Relief, registered charity 326568 (England/Wales); SCO39730 (Scotland).