The Scottsboro Boys By Chad, Darren, Jullian, and Jennie The Scottsboro Boys : • Roy Wright, 13 • Eugene Williams, 13 • Ozzie Powell, 16 • Andy Wright, 17 • Haywood Patterson, 17 • Olin Montgomery, 17 • Willie Roberson, 17 • Charles Weems, 21 • Clarence Norris, 21 A fight broke out between African and White teens on a freight train from Chattanooga Tenn. to Memphis. The result of the fight ended up with the Africans accused of raping two white women that were on the train. In Scottsboro, Ala., where the teens had their first trial, eight of the nine were sentenced to death; Roy Wright had a mistrial. The Scottsboro Boys soon had Samuel Leibowitz representing them from ILD (International Labor Defense) in their ,MMtrials. The trials mostly concerned Haywood Patterson and Clarence Norris, meaning that the rest of the seven were held in jail the whole time. Eventually, people afar and over seas took interest in the trials and gave their support. Because of this, one of the “rape victims”, Ruby Bates and her companion, Lester Carter, confessed that no raped occurred. Even with the confessions, five trials went on but all were failures. Soon, Ruby Bates and Victoria Price were found lying about the rapes and said to have created them to save their own necks from their mistakes. When all of the worst ended in about seven long years, four/five out of the nine were dropped of the charges. The Civil Rights Movements • Many People Believe That The Scottsboro Boys’ Case Started The Civil Rights Movements • Hollace Ransdall (investigator for the ACLU) Primary Source • "In three days' time, eight Negro boys all under 21, four of them under 18 and two of them sixteen or under, were hurried through trials which conformed only in outward appearance to the letter of the law." • "These eight boys, little more than children, surrounded entirely by white hatred and blind, venomous prejudice, were sentence to be killed in the electric chair at the earliest possible moment permitted by law. It is no exaggeration certainly to call this a legal lynching." Key Facts • There were 9 Scottsboro Boys. • They were names the “Scottsboro Boys” because their first trial was in Scottsboro, Alabama. • The Scottsboro Boys case lasted about 7 years. • The case was categorized as a high profile case and the Supreme Court was involved. • Four of the five African Americans were pardoned of all charges. • People started to get interested in the Scottsboro Boy’s case and many people gave their support, which may have started the Civil Rights Movements. THE TIMELINE 1931 • March 25th- On this day nine African American males were accused of raping two white women during a fight that broke out on a freight train • March 30th- The grand jury indicts all 9 males • April 6th-9th- All, except for one, of the Scottsboro boys’ trials ended in death sentence. Roy Wright’s trial ended in hung jury. 1932 • January 5th- Ruby Bates, one of the rape victims, denied ever being raped by the Scottsboro boys • May 27th- The Supreme Court trials the cases. 1933 • January 7th- International Labor Defense(ILD) asked Samuel Leibowitz to take the case for free and he agreed. • April 9th- Patterson found guilty and sentenced to death by electric chair. • April 18th- Judge Horton suspends the death sentence for all Scottsboro Boys • November-December- Trials of Patterson and Norris end in death 1934 • June 28th- Alabama agrees that there will no longer be any trials • October 1st- Two lawyers working for ILD bribed Victoria Price to change her testimony • February 15th- Samuel Leibowitz appears before the Supreme Court of the United States. 1935 • April 1st- The Supreme Court finds the exclusion of backs and deprives them of their rights 1936 • January 23rd- Patterson found guilty and sentenced to 75 years of prison 1937 • July 12-16th- The third trial of Clarence Norris ends in a death sentence. • July 20th-22nd- The trial of Andy Rights ends with a 99 year sentence • July 22nd-23rd- The trial of Charlie Weems ends in a 75 year sentence 1937-continued. • July-23rd-24th- Ozie Powell pleads guilty for assault and is sentenced to 20 years • October 26th- The Supreme Court declines to hear the appeal of of Haywood Patterson 1938- • June- The Alabama Supreme court affirms all sentences for Norris, Andy Wright and Weems • July- Governor Graves commutes Norris’ death • October 29th- Governor Graves meets with the convicted Scottsboro Boys and considers parole • November 15th- Governor Graves denies the pardon applications of all five Scottsboro defendants Bibliography • The Trials of the “Scottsboro Boys” URL: http:/www.law.umkc.edu/faulty/projects/Ftrials/ scottsboro/SB_acct.html • The Scottsboro Boys http://www.afro.com/history/scott/scotts.html • Scottsboro Case World Book 2001 Encyclopedia • Scottsboro Case Encyclopedia America The End Copyrighted By Table 4 @2006: Chad, Darren, Jullian, and Jennie. WE PWN!