Docstoc

Slide 1 - College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics at

Document Sample
Slide 1 - College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics at Powered By Docstoc
					College of Natural Science and
         Mathematics




                                 1
Note: This slide presentation addresses key safety
issues that apply to all CNSM personnel. Detailed
information about each issue presented here is
contained in the CNSM Safety Manual under the
“Safety Guides” and supplementary procedures.
The link to our safety website is
http://www.cnsm.csulb.edu/services/safety/. Please
visit the website often since it is constantly updated.
For more detailed information, you are encouraged
to follow this link to the Manual, and do a “key word
search” to read detailed, current information on any
given topic.

Thank you, and welcome to California State
University, College of Natural Sciences and
Mathematics.



                                                          2
                    Safety Office Staff
            Jeff Mellon

Email: scisfty@csulb.edu

Cell Phone: (562) 843 - 8811




        John de la Cuesta                Aimee Rambaud

Email: jdlc@csulb.edu          Email: anrambaud@sbcglobal.net

Cell Phone: (714) 222-0963     Cell Phone: (832) 515 - 0920



                                                                3
           Safety Office Information

Office Location    Micro - 001

Phone
On Campus         x55623
Off Campus        (562)985-5623

Office Hours
         Monday thru Friday
          7:30 am – 5:00 pm
           Closed for Lunch
          12:00 pm – 1:00 pm



                                       4
Flow Chart of Who’s Responsible
  President of CSULB

                                Environmental Health and Safety


     CNSM Dean                 CNSM Safety

          Dept. Chair


     Faculty           Staff



        Student Worker


           Students
                                                                  5
     Please add the CSULB Police
Department’s phone number to your cell
  phone’s address book in case of an
              emergency
         •(562) 985 – 4101
  Also, please add the CNSM Safety
        Office’s phone number
           •(562) 985 - 5623
                                     6
       PH2 – 100 Level Bulletin Board
• The PH2 – 100 Level Bulletin Board
  is located across from PH2 – 112
• Information about Workplace
  safety, Phone Numbers, and Annual
  Injury Reports can be found here




                                        7
    Chemistry Issue Room
     Helpful Resource People are Here




MLSC Chemistry Issue Room
       MLSC - 305

                                        8
         General Safety Matters
• Right – to – know / Hazard Communication and
  Labeling
• Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
• Goggle Policy
• Laboratory/Workplace Attire
• No Eating / Drinking / Food / Smoking
• Housekeeping
• Conduct
• Reporting Accidents / Incidents
• Medical Costs

                                                 9
        Right – to – Know / Hazard
       Communication and Labeling
• You have the right to know (and are expected to
  know) about all chemicals used in the
  workplace.
• All unattended materials are labeled following
  the CNSM Label Policy
  – Name (no abbreviations)
  – Hazard (e.g. flammable, corrosive, oxidizer, etc.)



                                                         10
                       CNSM LABEL POLICY
            Label any unattended container of material as follows:

FULL NAME: Do NOT ONLY use abbreviations or formulas such as H2O, HCl,
ETOH, IPA, etc.

HAZARD(S): Write the word or use a sticker that says the hazard(s) e.g.:
Flammable               Corrosive                     Poison
Oxidizer                Carcinogen                    Biohazard

Make sure any old, inappropriate labels are completely unreadable (you may
erase, deface or remove labels). Permanently-labeled bottles may NOT be used for
a different material (your label may fall off or your ink may wash off to show the old
wrong label).




                                                                                  11
CNSM LABEL POLICY




Include full name and hazard of any chemical
You leave unattended.

                                               12
  Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
• Is a source for additional information about
  chemicals/products
• May be found at
  – Chemistry Issue Room
  – CNSM Safety Office
  – CNSM Safety Office Webpage
     • Under helpful links
  – Environmental Health and Safety Office
  – Google
                                                 13
14
                  Goggle Policy
• Chemical splash goggles with indirect vents must be
  worn by EVERYONE as soon as anyone in the class
  handles hazardous materials
                    NO EXCEPTIONS
• Required when even using small quantities of
  hazardous materials
• If wear glasses, MUST wear goggles over glasses
   – Contact lenses are allowed when worn under goggles




                                                          15
           Goggle Policy (cont.)
• Wear appropriate eye protection when
  working with anything that can injure the eyes
  – e.g. Flying particles, laser light, UV light, electric
    arc, etc.
• ONLY those with proper goggles will be
  allowed in the lab / workplace




                                                             16
           Safety Goggles




Safety Goggles




                        Safety Glasses
                                         17
   Laboratory / Workplace Attire
• Close-toed shoes must be worn at all times in
  any lab class that will EVER use hazardous
  chemicals at any point
• Must also wear a lab coat or apron if
  hazardous materials are used or upon
  direction of the supervisor
• Gloves (even if clean) should not be worn
  outside the laboratory.

                                                  18
Laboratory / Workplace Attire




                                19
No Eating / Drinking / Food / Smoking
• No food or drink is allowed in laboratories or
  any other location where toxic materials could
  be present
• Must leave these outside
• THIS INCLUDES PERSONAL WATER BOTTLES!




                                               20
       Housekeeping / Conduct
• Promptly clean up broken glass, trash and
  chemical spills when safe to do so
• Never throw chemicals in trash or into broken
  glass box and never pour down the drain
• If water is spilled on the floor, clean up
  immediately to prevent slip/fall injuries
• Inappropriate behavior will not be tolerated


                                                  21
         Housekeeping / Conduct
                 Extension cord




                                  Daisy Chain
                                  with 2 Power
                                  Strips



Metal 2 – wire
lamp on
                                                 22
concrete
   Reporting Accidents / Incidents
• Please report all injuries, dangerous failures,
  chemical spills, floods etc. to the safety office or lab
  instructor
• The CNSM Incident Report Form is available from the
  Chemistry Issue Room and on-line
• Injured students should go to the Student Health
  Center for medical evaluation
• Do not clean up any blood, the CNSM Safety Office
  will perform this task once notified

                                                         23
24
                    Medical Costs
• WARNING – The University does not reimburse students for
  treatment sought for injuries or illnesses (even if the student
  is injured in class)
• Treatment for students is available at the Student Health
  Center but may be limited and subject to reduced hours of
  operation
• Notify your instructor or supervisor if you think your health
  might be adversely impacted by any class or workplace
  activity
• Employees are covered by Worker’s Compensation Insurance.
  Go to CNSM Safety Office for authorization forms and
  instructions.

                                                                25
    Safety Equipment and Procedures
•   Safety Shower / Eyewash
•   Fire Extinguishers
•   Emergency Evacuation Procedure
•   Emergency Phone Boxes
•   CNSM Safety Supply Cabinet
•   Chemical and/or Biological Hoods



                                       26
          Safety Shower / Eyewash
• Must be “ten seconds” away when working with hazardous
  materials that can injure the eyes and skin
• Path to shower must be clear
• Shower turns ON when handle is pulled
   – Will not turn off until handle is pushed UP
• The injured/exposed person must stay in the shower for a
  minimum of 15 minutes
• Contaminated clothes may have to be removed during shower
• MOST SHOWERS DO NOT HAVE A DRAIN
   – Don’t worry about the flooding, health of person is more important




                                                                          27
        Safety Shower / Eyewash
• NEVER apply sodium bicarbonate or any other
  treatment to the injury – flush with water only
• When using the eyewash, follow same rules as safety
  shower
• During the 15 minute flushing, the injured person
  should use his/her fingers to hold eyelids open
• CNSM Safety should be called when an eyewash or
  safety shower is used
• Call 911 as necessary
• Inert absorbant is available in the Safety Cabinet to
  put on the wet floor

                                                      28
Safety Shower / Eyewash

  Safety Shower

                  Portable
                  Eyewashes




 Eyewash




                              29
           Fire Extinguishers
• MLSC Fire Extinguishers are in the hallways
• PH1, PH2, and MICRO Fire Extinguishers are in
  some rooms or in the hallway
• Should only be used by trained people
• DON’T BE A HERO
• Evacuate the building and pull the fire alarm
  as appropriate


                                              30
Fire Extinguishers




                     31
 Emergency Evacuation Procedure
• Be aware of the fastest/safest exit
• If alarm sounds, or authorities order an
  evacuation, leave promptly and
  – Take personal items
  – Turn off Bunsen burners etc. (if possible)
• MUST KEEP 200 FEET away from the building
  upon evacuation



                                                 32
       Emergency Phone Boxes
• Located on the walls in the science building
  hallways and in elevators
• Use them to speak directly to CSULB police
• Dial 911 from a standard campus office or
  payphone
• Use cell phones as a last resort
  – Don’t use 911 on your cell phone
     • May connect to Highway Patrol and slow down
       response

                                                     33
              Emergency Phone Boxes




Science Building Hallways   University   Elevator Emergency
 Wall Emergency Phone       Emergency        Phone Box
         Boxes              Phone Box
                                                              34
          CNSM Safety Cabinet
• There are two Safety Cabinets
  – Near PH2 Room 214
  – MLSC 300 level hallway
• A supply of items is available to help make lab
  safe
• Notify CNSM Safety if you use the cabinet so
  they can keep it stocked


                                                35
          CNSM Safety Cabinets




MLSC 300 level Safety Cabinets   PH2 200 level Safety Cabinets
                                                                 36
 Chemical and/or Biological Hoods
• Hoods are used to protect people when lab work
  may produce harmful or bad-smelling/smoky
  emissions
• Gas masks, respirators, or dust masks are usually not
  allowed for protection on campus
• To use hood for protection
   – Sash MUST be at or below the sash “stop” catch
   – If arrow stickers are in place, sash MUST be at or below
     those markers


                                                                37
 Chemical and/or Biological Hoods
• Never put your head inside the fume hood
  when chemicals are present
• Don’t use interior of hood as writing desk
• Report defective/alarming hoods to CNSM
  Safety promptly
• A defective/suspect hood may not be used for
  protection


                                             38
Chemical and/or Biological Hoods




  Chemical Fume Hood   Biological Hood


                                         39
    Chemical and Equipment Hazards
•   Chemical Storage and Incompatibilities
•   Chemical Wastes
•   Acids and Bases
•   Toxins
•   Carcinogens
•   Radioactive Materials
•   Biohazards
•   Scientific Glassware
•   Handling and Reporting of Chemical Spills
•   Broken Glass and Other Sharp Items

                                                40
    Chemical and Equipment Hazards
• Reactive Chemicals
• Oxidizing Chemicals
• Reproductive Toxins
• Use and Handling of Compressed Gas and/or
  Liquefied Gas
• Equipment Hazards



                                              41
            Chemical Storage and
              Incompatibilities
• Always return chemicals to their proper place and
  store them compatibly.
• Hazardous liquids must be stored in secondary
  containers such as trays or buckets
   – Remember to store incompatibles in separate trays.
   – Separate acids from bases, oxidizers from organic materials
     such as combustibles/flammables/reducing agents etc.
      • It is CRITICAL that you remember nitric acid will react violently
        with organic materials such as acetic acid!
• Always use a “bottle carrier” or other secondary
  containment carrier when transporting any
  chemicals to or from the lab.

                                                                            42
            Chemical Storage and
              Incompatibilities
• Watch out for flammable materials such as alcohols,
  acetone, ethers etc. and keep them away from
  ignition sources.
• NEVER store them in standard refrigerator/freezers!
      • Regular refrigerators contain ignition sources (interior lights
        defrost cycles) that can ignite flammable vapors.
      • If you must keep your flammables cold, store them ONLY in special
        “Flame-rated” refrigerators. Read the labels on the refrigerator so
        you know what kind it is. If you open a bottle of ether, THF, etc.,
        don’t forget to write the “opened” date on it as old ether may
        form explosive compounds.




                                                                          43
                   Chemical Wastes
• Most labs have several DIFFERENT waste containers.
• MUST make sure you know which container is the correct one
  for your waste!
    – Otherwise you could cause a fire, explosion or some other unwanted
      chemical reaction.
•    Containers must not be overfilled.
•   Waste containers must be kept closed when not in use.
•   DO NOT FILL A WASTE JUG MORE THAN ¾ FULL!!!
•   It is everyone’s responsibility to NOTIFY CNSM SAFETY WHEN
    A CONTAINER IS ¾ FULL.
    – A replacement waste container may be available through CNSM
      Safety.


                                                                           44
Chemical Wastes
Double Containment




                     45
              Chemical Wastes




Correct application             Incorrect application

                                                   46
              Acids and Bases
• Watch out for these corrosives as they can
  cause severe burns and blindness.
• Never mix acids and bases in a common waste
  container, or it may blow up!
• Use caution when adding concentrated acids
  or bases to a solution.
  – "Do what you ought'er, add acid to water".
• Neutralize tiny acid spills/drips (NOT injuries)
  with bicarbonate solution.
                                                     47
                     Toxins
• Many of the reagents used in the lab are toxic
  poisons.
• Ingestion, inhalation, and skin contact must be
  avoided.
  – Even small amounts of some chemicals can kill
    immediately.
• Instructors will provide specific
  safety/handling warnings as these materials
  are introduced into the lab

                                                    48
                Carcinogens
• Some chemicals may be classified as
  carcinogenic (capable of causing cancer) in
  addition to the other hazardous properties
  – e.g. Benzene is a flammable liquid, is toxic, but
    also can induce leukemia with extended exposure
• CAL/OSHA designates which chemicals must
  be labeled as Carcinogen. See the CNSM
  Safety Manual for the current list.

                                                    49
         Radioactive Materials
• Typically not used in teaching labs
• Use of Radioactive Materials requires special
  training through the Radiation Safety Office




                                                  50
                Biohazards
• Some lab classes use pathogenic agents and
  thus generate Biohazardous waste
• Special training an materials handling
  required for use of such materials
• Items contaminated with human blood/blood
  products must be collected in specific RED
  medical waste containers
• Contact CNSM Safety at 5-5623 if you use any
  of these materials
                                                 51
Biohazards



      BioHazardous Sharps Containers




                         BioHazardous/
                         Medical Waste
                         Barrel




                                       52
          Scientific Glassware
• If glass tubing or a thermometer must be
  inserted in a rubber stopper or cork,
  LUBRICATE IT so it goes in easily.
• If you don’t it may break off and cut you!




                                               53
      Handling and Reporting of
           Chemical Spills
• Call CNSM Safety before cleaning up
  significant spills or spills which you do not feel
  capable of addressing safely.
• Once remediated, report the spill on the
  CNSM Incident Form.
• Call 911 and/or pull the fire alarm if necessary
  to address a spill that may impact others in
  the building.

                                                   54
    Broken Glass and Other Sharp
               Items
• Broken glass must be cleaned up promptly, but
  NEVER put sharp items in the regular trash!!
• Put them in the special “Broken Glass” box.
• When full, tape shut and place directly in dumpster.
• Do not overfill and do not let the box get wet or too
  heavy.
• If the broken glass is contaminated with a hazardous
  material, package and label it as hazardous waste.
• Needles must be discarded into approved needle
  boxes (sharps containers).


                                                          55
Broken Glass and Other Sharp
           Items




                        Sharps
                        Containers




                                     56
      Water Reactive Chemicals
• Water Reactive(also air-reactive) chemicals
  are especially dangerous
• You will be alerted and given special
  instruction if such materials are introduced
  into the lab.




                                                 57
           Oxidizing Chemicals
• Oxidizing Chemicals (“oxidizers”) such as hydrogen
  peroxide, potassium nitrate and many chemicals
  whose names end in “ate” or “ite”) are especially
  dangerous
• May ignite or form explosive compounds on contact
  with organic materials such as flammables,
  combustibles, or other reducing materials, OR
  reducing agents such as metals etc.
• Oxidizers may not be mixed with or stored beside
  these materials.

                                                       58
           Oxidizing Chemicals
• Supervisors must communicate special
  instruction if oxidizers are to be handled.
• Remember, watch out for nitric acid, when
  concentrated, it is a very strong oxidizer and
  will react violently with organic materials such
  as acetic acid!



                                                 59
          Reproductive Toxins
• Some common chemicals (once in the body)
  target male and/or female reproductive
  systems or developing fetuses.
• As in the case of the toxic and carcinogenic
  chemicals, it is imperative that everyone in the
  lab/workplace strive to avoid exposure to the
  chemicals through use of the fume hood,
  gloves etc.


                                                 60
          Reproductive Toxins
• Some low level exposures may be
  unavoidable.
• Anyone with concerns about chemical
  exposures at CSULB can take the list of
  workplace chemicals to their medical doctor
  to consider the best course of action.



                                                61
Use and Handling of Compressed
   Gas and/or Liquefied Gas




                                 62
 Use and Handling of Compressed
    Gas and/or Liquefied Gas
• Only personnel who have completed CNSM
  Gas Cylinder Safety Training may
  – Move gas cylinders
  – Hook up regulators
  – Work with Liquid Nitrogen
  – Work with dry ice




                                           63
           Equipment Hazards
• Some equipment is dangerous if improperly
  used (paper shredder, lasers, centrifuges etc.)
• If you don’t know how to use the equipment
  properly, ask before using the equipment
• Supervisors shall ensure that appropriate
  training and supervision is provided.



                                                    64
   Equipment Hazards
      --Autoclave--




Autoclaves are dangerous equipment items that
Require specialized training.

                                                65
    Fieldwork and Travel Hazards
• Motor Vehicle and Driver Requirements
• Fieldtrip Safety Manual




                                          66
Motor Vehicle Driver Requirements
• Anyone using a personal vehicle more than
  once per month on University business must
  fill out a State form in the Department Office.
• Anyone using a University vehicle, or a
  personal vehicle for more than 4 hours/month
  on University business, must also complete
  the Driver Training Class conducted by
  University Police.

                                                67
          Fieldtrip Safety Manual
• Obtain the “CNSM Field Trip Safety Manual” from the
  CNSM Safety Office Website. Trip leader and
  participant requirements are addressed in the
  Manual.
   – Click on the “Safety Offices” link @ CNSM Safety
   http://www.cnsm.csulb.edu/services/safety/index.htm
• Discuss all pertinent issues with the field trip
  participants prior to departure on your field trip.
   – Document this training using the required signup sheet.
    A copy of the sheet must be filed in your Department
    office.

                                                               68

				
DOCUMENT INFO