Which body system acts in way similar to transportation system by mikesanye

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									     Which body system acts in a way
    similar to a transportation system?
1.       circulatory   25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       respiratory
3.       nervous
4.       excretory




1    2    3   4   5    1      2     3     4
    Which of the following is NOT a
    part of the circulatory system?
1.       heart            25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       air passageway
3.       blood vessels
4.       blood




1    2    3   4   5       1      2     3     4
    The roads of a city are similar to what
     structures in the circulatory system?

1.       heart            25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       air passageway
3.       blood vessels
4.       blood




1    2    3   4   5       1      2     3     4
    In the walls of the heart, the thick
       layer of muscle is called the
1. epithelial tissue    25%   25%   25%   25%
   layer.
2. pericardium.
3. connective tissue
   layer.
4. myocardium.



1   2   3   4   5       1      2     3     4
    Which of the following pathways is the
     largest of the circulatory system?
1. systemic circulation    25%   25%   25%   25%
2. pulmonary
   circulation
3. lymphatic circulation
4. coronary circulation




1    2   3   4   5         1      2     3     4
 Where are the cells that make up the
sinoatrial node, or pacemaker, located?

1.       right atrium      25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       left atrium
3.       right ventricle
4.       left ventricle




1    2    3   4   5        1      2     3     4
    Which is the correct direction of
              blood flow?
1.       right atrium  right ventricle
                                          25%   25%   25%   25%
          pulmonary artery
2.       right atrium  left atrium 
         pulmonary artery
3.       left ventricle  pulmonary
         artery  aorta
4.       left ventricle  left atrium 
         aorta




1    2     3   4   5                      1      2     3     4
    In the heart, the mixing of oxygen-rich and
      oxygen-poor blood is prevented by the

1.       mitral valve.      25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       tricuspid valve.
3.       septum.
4.       pericardium.




1    2    3   4   5         1      2     3     4
         Compared with the walls of
         arteries, the walls of veins
1.       are thicker.   25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       are thinner.
3.       lack valves.
4.       have more
         resistance.




1    2    3   4   5      1     2     3     4
    Which of the following are the
    smallest of the blood vessels?
1.       arteries          25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       veins
3.       lymphatic cells
4.       capillaries




1    2    3   4   5        1      2     3     4
    Which of the following is NOT a
        type of blood vessel?
1.       artery           25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       vein
3.       lymphatic cell
4.       capillary




1    2    3   4   5       1      2     3     4
      The function of valves in the
     human circulatory system is to
1.       stimulate the heartbeat.   25%   25%   25%   25%
2.       accelerate the flow of
         blood.
3.       prevent the backward
         flow of blood.
4.       serve as a cushion to
         prevent friction.




1    2    3   4   5                 1      2     3     4
     Which of the following is NOT an
     effect of exercise on the body?
1.       Exercise helps control     25%   25%   25%   25%
         your weight.
2.       Exercise reduces stress.
3.       Exercise makes your
         heart stronger and more
         efficient.
4.       Exercise increases the
         size of veins.




1    2    3   4   5                 1      2     3     4
     Which of the following is true
       about blood pressure?
1.       It is not affected by atherosclerosis.   25%   25%   25%   25%


2.       It is lower in veins than in arteries.
3.       It drops a great deal when traveling
         through arteries.
4.       Diastolic pressure is higher than
         systolic pressure.
                                                  1      2     3     4




1    2    3   4   5
         A blood pressure reading of
                   120/80
1.       indicates a diastolic blood prssure of   25%   25%   25%   25%

         120.
2.       is an indication of hypertension in a
         resting adult.
3.       indicates a systolic blood pressure of
         120.
4.       is determined by using a                 1      2     3     4



         sphygmomanometer to measure
         blood pressure in the veins.



1    2    3   4   5
When the heart contracts, it produces a
    wave of fluid pressure in the

1.       veins.         25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       arteries.
3.       capillaries.
4.       pharynx.




1    2    3   4   5     1      2     3     4
    Which organ helps to regulate
          blood pressure?
1.       spleen         25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       kidney
3.       liver
4.       gall bladder




1    2    3   4   5     1      2     3     4
    When the blood pressure is constantly
     too high, the condition is known as

1.       a heart attack.    25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       hypertension.
3.       atherosclerosis.
4.       a stroke.




1    2    3   4   5         1      2     3     4
    When an infection occurs, the
            number of
1. red blood cells     25%   25%   25%   25%
   increases.
2. red blood cells
   decreases.
3. white blood cells
   increases.
4. white blood cells
   decreases.


1   2   3   4   5      1      2     3     4
         Which blood cells are most
          numerous in the body?
1.       red           25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       white
3.       platelets
4.       plasma




1    2    3   4   5     1     2     3     4
    Which of the following is NOT a
          function of blood?
1. regulate filtration   25%   25%   25%   25%

2. regulate body
   temperature
3. transport nutrients
4. fight infection




1    2   3   4   5       1      2     3     4
     Which of the following is correct
    about the composition of plasma?
1. It is 90 percent        25%   25%   25%   25%
   water.
2. It is 50 percent
   water.
3. It is 10 percent
   water.
4. It contains no water.



1   2   3   4   5          1      2     3     4
          How much blood does the
           human body contain?
1.       1–2 liters     25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       4–6 liters
3.       8–10 liters
4.       12–14 liters




1    2    3   4   5     1      2     3     4
Which plasma proteins help to regulate
 osmotic pressure and blood volume?

1.       albumins      25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       globulins
3.       fibrinogens
4.       platelets




1    2    3   4   5    1      2     3     4
    In Figure 37–1, what does Step
               B show?
1. a clot forming           25% 25% 25% 25%
2. the capillary wall
   breaking
3. the clumping of
   platelets
4. the conversion of
   fibrinogen into fibrin



1    2   3   4   5          1    2   3    4
              Into what substance is
               fibrinogen converted?
1.       thrombin         25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       fibrin
3.       platelets
4.       thromboplastin




1    2    3   4   5        1     2     3     4
Which of the following is the first
    step in blood clotting?
1.       Thromboplastin               25%   25%   25%   25%
         converts prothrombin to
         thrombin.
2.       Platelets release clotting
         factor.
3.       Fibrin filaments produce
         a clot.
4.       Thrombin converts
         fibrinogen into fibrin.



1    2    3   4   5                   1      2     3     4
         Which of the following blood
         cells contain hemoglobin?
1.       red blood cells     25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       white blood cells
3.       platelets
4.       all of the above




1    2    3   4   5          1      2     3     4
        Swollen lymph nodes might
                  indicate
1. an infection.      25%   25%   25%   25%

2. high blood
   pressure.
3. varicose veins.
4. an irregular
   heartbeat.



1   2   3   4   5     1      2     3     4
 Which body system collects the fluid that is
    lost by the blood and returns it to the
              circulatory system?
1. integumentary           25% 25%    25%   25%

2. lymphatic
3. respiratory
4. nervous




1   2   3   4   5          1     2     3     4
What is the term used to describe a swelling
  of the tissues due to the accumulation of
                 excess fluid?
1. hemophilia             25% 25%  25%   25%

2. stroke
3. edema
4. hypertension




1   2   3   4   5        1    2     3     4
     Which of the following is NOT a
    function of the lymphatic system?
1. collect and return      25%   25%   25%   25%
   lost fluid to the
   circulatory system
2. filter fluid
3. absorb protein
4. carry fat-soluble
   vitamins to the blood



1   2   3   4   5          1      2     3     4
 The process by which oxygen and carbon
  dioxide are exchanged between cells, the
      blood, and air in the lungs is called
1. systemic                25% 25%    25%   25%
    circulation.
2. respiration.
3. emphysema.
4. cellular
    respiration.



1   2   3   4   5          1     2     3     4
    Which of the following are signs
     that a person is breathing?
1.       hearing or feeling air     25%   25%   25%   25%
         being exhaled from the
         nose
2.       chest rising and falling
3.       hearing or feeling air
         being exhaled from the
         mouth
4.       all of the above




1    2    3   4   5                 1      2     3     4
    Which of the following activities is
    the best analogy for respiration?
1.       exchanging gifts     25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       giving a gift
3.       receiving a gift
4.       sitting in a chair




1    2    3   4   5           1      2     3     4
    Which of the following statements
     about lungs is INCORRECT?
1. They are muscular.    25%   25%   25%   25%
2. They are elastic.
3. They are surrounded
   by pleura.
4. They are above the
   diaphragm.




1   2   3   4   5        1      2     3     4
       What structure serves as a
    passageway for both air and food?
1.       pharynx      25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       trachea
3.       larynx
4.       bronchus




1    2    3   4   5   1      2     3     4
         Air is filtered, warmed, and
               moistened in the
1.       nose and mouth.   25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       throat.
3.       lungs.
4.       pharynx.




1    2    3   4   5        1      2     3     4
     Air is forced into the lungs by
          the contraction of the
1.       alveoli.       25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       bronchioles.
3.       diaphragm.
4.       heart.




1    2    3   4   5     1      2     3     4
        Because there is more oxygen in an
    alveolus than in the blood around it, oxygen
                       diffuses
1. from capillaries into    25%   25%   25%   25%
   the veins.
2. from arteries into the
   capillaries.
3. from alveoli into the
   blood.
4. from blood into the
   alveolus.


1    2   3   4   5          1      2     3     4
          Generally speaking, what
            controls breathing?
1.       the brain       25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       the lungs
3.       the diaphragm
4.       the heart




1    2    3   4   5      1      2     3     4
    The nicotine in cigarette smoke
                causes
1. blood pressure to   25%   25%   25%   25%
   decrease.
2. heart rate to
   increase.
3. blood pressure to
   increase.
4. both b and c.


1    2   3   4   5     1      2     3     4
     Chronic bronchitis, emphysema,
    and lung cancer can be caused by
1. swollen bronchi.    25%   25%   25%   25%

2. enlarged alveoli.
3. groups of cancer
   cells.
4. smoking.




1    2   3   4   5     1      2     3     4
     Which of the following is NOT
     contained in tobacco smoke?
1.       carbon monoxide   25%   25%   25%   25%

2.       caffeine
3.       nicotine
4.       tar




1    2    3   4   5        1      2     3     4
 What gas, found in cigarette smoke, blocks
the transport of oxygen by hemoglobin in the
                    blood?
1. hydrogen              25% 25%  25%   25%
   peroxide
2. carbon dioxide
3. carbon monoxide
4. sodium
   bicarbonate



1   2   3   4   5       1     2     3     4
    Humans have an open circulatory system.
       _________________________

1. True                     50%      50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5            1         2
 Flaps of connective tissue called valves are
located between the atria and the ventricles.
       _________________________
1. True                     50%        50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5           1           2
   The lower chamber of each side of the
heart, which pumps blood out of the heart, is
 the atrium. _________________________
1. True                   50%        50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5           1           2
   Except for the aorta, all arteries carry
            oxygen-rich blood.
   ______________________________
1. True                      50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5            1           2
    The first number of a blood pressure
   measurement is the diastolic pressure.
      _________________________
1. True                     50%      50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5          1           2
  If you have “swollen glands,” you actually
          have swollen lymph nodes.
       _________________________
1. True                     50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5            1          2
  About 45 percent of the volume of blood
            consists of plasma.
      _________________________
1. True                    50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5          1          2
  White blood cells called basophils engulf
                and digest
  bacteria._________________________
1. True                     50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5           1           2
Lymph nodes act as filters, trapping bacteria
    and other microorganisms that cause
  disease. _________________________
1. True                     50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5           1           2
 The process by which oxygen and carbon monoxide are
exchanged between cells, the blood, and air in the lungs is
  known as respiration. _________________________

1. True                             50%          50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5                    1               2
   The pharynx is a piece of cartilage that
covers the entrance to the trachea when you
  swallow. _________________________
1. True                     50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5          1          2
  Gas exchange occurs by diffusion across
    the membrane of an alveolus and a
  capillary. _________________________
1. True                   50%       50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5          1          2
 At the bottom of the chest cavity is a large,
flat muscle known as the pleural membrane.
       _________________________
1. True                     50%        50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5            1           2
   The brain controls breathing in a center
     located in the medulla oblongata.
      _________________________
1. True                     50%        50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5           1           2
Lung cancer is defined as a loss of elasticity
         in the tissues of the lungs.
      _________________________
1. True                      50%      50%
2. False




1   2   3   4   5            1           2
          Participant Scores
0   Participant 1
0   Participant 2
0   Participant 3
0   Participant 4
0   Participant 5
         A circulating fluid called
____________________ is pumped through
     a system of vessels in the body.




1   2   3   4    5
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Figure 37–2
            In Figure 37–2, the area labeled B
               represents the capillaries of a
                 ____________________.




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        In Figure 37–2, the upper systemic
               circulation is labeled
             ____________________.




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    Medical workers use a sphygmomanometer
      to measure ____________________.




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    Fatty deposits called plaque build up on the
    walls of arteries, causing a condition known
            as ____________________.




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        Plasma consists mostly of
        ____________________.




1   2   3   4    5
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            A genetic disorder called
    ____________________ results from a
    defective protein in the clotting pathway.




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The iron-containing protein called ____________________
  binds to oxygen in the lungs and transports it to tissues
    throughout the body where the oxygen is released.




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        The phrase “swollen glands” refers to
                  swelling of the
          _________________________.




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At the cellular level, respiration is defined as the release of
____________________ from the breakdown of molecules
             in food in the presence of oxygen.




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    Inhaled air passes from the trachea to one
       of the two ____________________.




1    2   3   4    5
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 Your ability to sing, shout, and speak comes from
 two highly elastic folds of tissues called the vocal
cords, located within the ____________________.




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    Breathing is such an important function that
     your ____________________ system will
     not let you have complete control over it.




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The alveoli of the lungs are surrounded
     by ____________________.




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     Carbon monoxide blocks the transport of
    ____________________ by hemoglobin in
                  the blood.




1    2   3   4    5
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    Why do larger organisms need
       a circulatory system?




1   2   3   4    5
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    What are the three parts of the
         circulatory system?




1   2   3   4    5
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Figure 37–2
    Based on Figure 37–2, what three blood
      vessels carry oxygen-poor blood?




1   2   3   4    5
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    Identify and compare the functions of the
       three types of blood vessels of the
               circulatory system.




1   2   3   4    5
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            What is blood pressure?




1   2   3   4    5
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What health problems can occur
 as a result of hypertension?




1   2   3   4    5
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            Describe blood plasma.




1   2   3   4    5
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    List the main functions of the
      three types of blood cells.




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     If the lymphatic system did not function,
    what would be the immediate effects on the
                  human body?




1    2   3   4    5
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What is the basic function of the
 human respiratory system?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    List in order the structures of the respiratory
     system through which air passes from the
          outside environment to the alveoli.




1    2   3   4    5
             0 of 5
        What is the function of the
                sternum?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    In what stage of breathing is the total
     volume of the chest cavity largest?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
    Are the ribs raised or lowered
          after you exhale?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
      Name and describe three respiratory
    diseases that can be caused by smoking.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
Describe the function of each of the following: (a)
  the muscular walls of the large arteries, (b) the
valves in the veins, and (c) the valves in the heart.




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
      Using a road transportation analogy,
    describe the three different types of blood
                     vessels.




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        How does the body regulate
             blood pressure?




1   2    3   4    5
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    Identify the percentages of living cells and plasma
      that make up the volume of blood in the human
        body, and describe what plasma consists of.




1     2   3   4    5
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        How do white blood cells guard against
         infection, fight parasites, and attack
                        bacteria?




1   2    3   4    5
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    What is the lymphatic system
     and what are its functions?




1   2   3   4    5
            0 of 5
        Compare cellular respiration
            with respiration.




1   2    3   4    5
             0 of 5
    Why is it better to inhale through your
      nose than through your mouth?




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            0 of 5
        Why can’t a person hold a breath long
        enough to harm oneself from a lack of
                      oxygen?




1   2    3   4    5
             0 of 5
    Why do many smokers cough a
               lot?




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